EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

cocoa bean powder
powder obtained from the dried, ground fruit of the cocoa, theobroma cacao l., sterculiaceae

Supplier Sponsors

Name:theobroma cacao l. fruit powder
CAS Number: 84649-99-0
ECHA EC Number:283-480-6
Category:cosmetic and flavor agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
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NCBI:Search
 
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Flavor Type: cocoa
cocoa chocolate
Taste Description: cocoa
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Cocoa powder
Odor: characteristic
Use: Add to CP soap for natural color, as well as to bath salts and scrubs. Blend into Dead Sea mud or into various clays to make natural body treatments and add exfoliants such as almond meal for additional skin benefits.
Cargill, Inc.
Gerkens® cocoa powder
Foodchem International
Alkalized Cocoa Powder 10-12%, LA10
Foodchem International
Cocoa Powder
Horner International
Cocoa Bean Powder
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic and flavor agents
Recommendation for cocoa bean powder usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
 
Safety References:
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
theobroma cacao l. fruit powder
Chemidplus:0084649990
 
References:
 theobroma cacao l. fruit powder
Canada Domestic Sub. List:84649-99-0
Pubchem (sid):135334068
 
Other Information:
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
ceratonia siliqua fruit extract
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
chocolate tincture
FL/FR
cocoa hexenal
FL/FR
cocoa oleoresin
FL/FR
cocoa pentenal
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyraldehyde
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
cocoa
cocoa absolute
FL/FR
cocoa resinoid
FL/FR
theobroma cacao extract
FL/FR
fermented
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
floral
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
green
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
honey
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
musty
3-
acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furan
FL/FR
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-3-ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-5-methyl furan
FL/FR
3,5-
cocoa pyrazine
FL/FR
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
ethyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
2,6-
lutidine
FL/FR
2,3,5,6-
tetramethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
plastic
1-
phenyl-1,2-propane dione
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
sulfurous
cocoa essence
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
chocolate
fudge caramel flavor
FL
alliaceous
alliaceous
dicyclohexyl disulfide
FL
bitter
cocoa pyrazines base (mixture of pyrazines)
FL
paullinia cupana seed extract
FL
caramellic
caramel fudge flavor
FL
1-
phenyl-1,2-propane dione
FL/FR
chocolate
cherry chocolate fudge flavor
FL
chocolate
FL
chocolate almond fudge flavor
FL
chocolate banana nut flavor
FL
chocolate butter cream flavor
FL
chocolate caramel nut flavor
FL
chocolate chips
FL
chocolate coating
FL
chocolate cookies & cream flavor
FL
chocolate distillates
FL
chocolate essence
FL
chocolate europa flavor
FL
chocolate extract
FL
bittersweet
chocolate flavor
FL
dutch
chocolate flavor
FL
hot
chocolate flavor
FL
swiss
chocolate flavor
FL
german
chocolate flavor
FL
bavarian
chocolate flavor
FL
bitter
chocolate flavor
FL
chocolate flavor
FL
semi sweet
chocolate flavor
FL
milk
chocolate flavor
FL
mexican
chocolate flavor
FL
dark
chocolate flavor
FL
abuelita
chocolate flavor
FL
chocolate macadamia nut flavor
FL
chocolate marble flavor
FL
chocolate mousse flavor
FL
chocolate nibs
FL
chocolate raspberry creme flavor
FL
chocolate tincture
FL/FR
chocolate toffee almond flavor
FL
cocoa essence
FL/FR
cocoa oleoresin
FL/FR
cocoa powder distillates
FL
cocoa propanal
FL
chocolate chip
cookie flavor
FL
creme de cocoa flavor
FL
mocha almond fudge flavor
FL
mocha cream flavor
FL
cocoa
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
butyraldehyde
FL
ceratonia siliqua fruit extract
FL/FR
chocolate enhancers
FL
cocoa
FL
cocoa absolute
FL/FR
cocoa distillates
FL
cocoa enhancer
FL
cocoa flavor
FL
cocoa hexenal
FL/FR
cocoa liquor
FL
cocoa liquor distillates
FL
cocoa nib distillates
FL
cocoa resinoid
FL/FR
gac fruit distillates
FL
theobroma cacao extract
FL/FR
theobroma cacao nib extract
FL
coffee
coffee distillates
FL
2-
ethyl-4-methyl thiazole
FL/FR
cookie
chocolate
cookie flavor
FL
earthy
camu camu distillates
FL
tamarind distillates
FL
fatty
cocoa butter distillates
FL
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cocoa pentenal
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fusel
2-
methyl butyraldehyde
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butanol
FL
green
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
honey
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
malty
yeast thiazoline
FL
musty
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
hazelnut pyrazine
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
nutty
3-
acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furan
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-3-ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-5-methyl furan
FL/FR
3,5(6)-
cocoa pyrazine
FL
3,5-
cocoa pyrazine
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
2,6-
lutidine
FL/FR
chocolate
peanut butter flavor
FL
peanut oxazole
FL
2,3,5,6-
tetramethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
vinyl sulfurol
FL/FR
rooty
guarana flavor
FL
spicy
chocolate cinnamon hazelnut flavor
FL
sweet
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
winey
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 cocoa
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 cocoa bean powder
 cocoa fruit powder
 cocoa powder
 powder obtained from the dried, ground fruit of the cocoa, theobroma cacao l., sterculiaceae
 theobroma cacao fruit powder
 

Articles:

PubMed:Making a chocolate chip: development and evaluation of a 6K SNP array for Theobroma cacao.
J-Stage:A New Glycosylated Dihydrophaseic Acid from Cacao Germs (Theobroma cacao L.)
PubMed:The effect of flavanol-rich cocoa on cerebral perfusion in healthy older adults during conscious resting state: a placebo controlled, crossover, acute trial.
PubMed:Proteome analysis during pod, zygotic and somatic embryo maturation of Theobroma cacao.
PubMed:Mango (Mangifera indica L.) by-products and their valuable components: a review.
PubMed:Green synthesis of Pd/CuO nanoparticles by Theobroma cacao L. seeds extract and their catalytic performance for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and phosphine-free Heck coupling reaction under aerobic conditions.
PubMed:Comparison of different pretreatment strategies for ethanol production of West African biomass.
PubMed:Development of a sandwich ELISA-type system for the detection and quantification of hazelnut in model chocolates.
PubMed:Energy compensation in the real world: good compensation for small portions of chocolate and biscuits over short time periods in complicit consumers using commercially available foods.
PubMed:DNA-based differentiation of the Ecuadorian cocoa types CCN-51 and Arriba based on sequence differences in the chloroplast genome.
PubMed:Atheroprotective effects of (poly)phenols: a focus on cell cholesterol metabolism.
PubMed:Phenolic composition, antioxidant, anti-wrinkles and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of cocoa pod extract.
PubMed:Begin at the beginning: A BAC-end view of the passion fruit (Passiflora) genome.
PubMed:Near infra-red characterization of changes in flavan-3-ol derivatives in cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) as a function of fermentation temperature.
PubMed:The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples.
PubMed:Polyphenols-rich natural products for treatment of diabetes.
PubMed:Cadmium and lead in chocolates commercialized in Brazil.
PubMed:Analysis of transferability of microsatellite primers (SSR) in wild Passiflora species and intraspecific genetic diversity in Passiflora alata.
PubMed:Genome-wide analysis reveals divergent patterns of gene expression during zygotic and somatic embryo maturation of Theobroma cacao L., the chocolate tree.
PubMed:Genome-wide analysis of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor gene family in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed:Unsweetened natural cocoa has anti-asthmatic potential.
PubMed:Studies of fatty acid composition, physicochemical and thermal properties, and crystallization behavior of mango kernel fats from various Thai varieties.
PubMed:Cacao and Human Health: from Head to Foot - A Review.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and expression analysis of the sucrose transporter gene family from Theobroma cacao L.
PubMed:Molecular and biochemical characterization of caffeine synthase and purine alkaloid concentration in guarana fruit.
PubMed:The Theobroma cacao B3 domain transcription factor TcLEC2 plays a duel role in control of embryo development and maturation.
PubMed:A quantitative documentation of the composition of two powdered herbal formulations (antimalarial and haematinic) using ethnomedicinal information from ogbomoso, Nigeria.
PubMed:Black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) activity, foraging and seed dispersal patterns in shaded cocoa plantations versus rainforest in southern Mexico.
PubMed:Application of matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight LIFT for identification of cocoa condensed tannins.
PubMed:Assessing hazelnut allergens by protein- and DNA-based approaches: LC-MS/MS, ELISA and real-time PCR.
PubMed:Dentin biomodification potential depends on polyphenol source.
PubMed:The association between chromaticity, phenolics, carotenoids, and in vitro antioxidant activity of frozen fruit pulp in Brazil: an application of chemometrics.
PubMed:Hard cocoa butter replacers from mango seed fat and palm stearin.
PubMed:Effect of fertigation through drip and micro sprinkler on plant biometric characters in cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.).
PubMed:Identification, classification and differential expression of oleosin genes in tung tree (Vernicia fordii).
PubMed:Antioxidant modulation of F2-isoprostanes in humans: a systematic review.
PubMed:Untargeted metabolomics as a screening tool for estimating compliance to a dietary pattern.
PubMed:Relationship of sensory and instrumental aroma measurements of dark chocolate as influenced by fermentation method, roasting and conching conditions.
PubMed:A daily glass of red wine and lifestyle changes do not affect arterial blood pressure and heart rate in patients with carotid arteriosclerosis after 4 and 20 weeks.
PubMed:Plant and metagenomic DNA extraction of mucilaginous seeds.
PubMed:Accurate determination of genetic identity for a single cacao bean, using molecular markers with a nanofluidic system, ensures cocoa authentication.
PubMed:Interaction complexity matters: disentangling services and disservices of ant communities driving yield in tropical agroecosystems.
PubMed:Dietary flavanol intervention lowers the levels of endothelial microparticles in coronary artery disease patients.
PubMed:Behavior of Salmonella during fermentation, drying and storage of cocoa beans.
PubMed:Choosing between an apple and a chocolate bar: the impact of health and taste labels.
PubMed:Bats and birds increase crop yield in tropical agroforestry landscapes.
PubMed:Optimisation of enzymatic synthesis of cocoa butter equivalent from high oleic sunflower oil.
PubMed:A review on pharmacological and analytical aspects of diosmetin: a concise report.
PubMed:Consumption of plant seeds and cardiovascular health: epidemiological and clinical trial evidence.
PubMed:The genome sequence of the most widely cultivated cacao type and its use to identify candidate genes regulating pod color.
PubMed:Relationship between fermentation index and other biochemical changes evaluated during the fermentation of Mexican cocoa (Theobroma cacao) beans.
PubMed:Sorbic and benzoic acid in non-preservative-added food products in Turkey.
PubMed:Habitual flavonoid intake and endothelial function in healthy humans.
PubMed:Developing detection and monitoring strategies for Planococcus minor (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae).
PubMed:Diversity of cacao trees in Waslala, Nicaragua: associations between genotype spectra, product quality and yield potential.
PubMed:Interactions between plasma proteins and naturally occurring polyphenols.
PubMed:Different phenolic compounds activate distinct human bitter taste receptors.
PubMed:Cryopreservation of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) somatic embryos by vitrification.
PubMed:Profiles of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids during the development of seeds of Theobroma cacao cv. Trinitario.
PubMed:Assessment of dietary flavonoid intake among 50-year-old inhabitants of Wroclaw in 2008.
PubMed:Characterization of physicochemical and thermal properties and crystallization behavior of krabok (Irvingia Malayana ) and rambutan seed fats.
PubMed:Comparative proteomic analysis of early somatic and zygotic embryogenesis in Theobroma cacao L.
PubMed:Fruit pod extracts as a source of nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.
PubMed:Human bioavailability of flavanols and phenolic acids from cocoa-nut creams enriched with free or microencapsulated cocoa polyphenols.
PubMed:Urinary ochratoxin A and ochratoxin alpha in pregnant women.
PubMed:Gene expression and enzymatic activity of pectin methylesterase during fruit development and ripening in Coffea arabica L.
PubMed:Fast determination of N-phenylpropenoyl-l-amino acids (NPA) in cocoa samples from different origins by ultra-performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:The effect of polyphenol consumption on blood pressure.
PubMed:True bug (Heteroptera) impact on cocoa fruit mortality and productivity.
PubMed:Bioavailability of bioactive food compounds: a challenging journey to bioefficacy.
PubMed:[Substitution therapy with berries].
PubMed:Single-tube nested real-time PCR as a new highly sensitive approach to trace hazelnut.
PubMed:Evaluation of in vitro and in vivo effects of semipurified proteinase inhibitors from Theobroma seeds on midgut protease activity of Lepidopteran pest insects.
PubMed:Distribution of procyanidins and their metabolites in rat plasma and tissues in relation to ingestion of procyanidin-enriched or procyanidin-rich cocoa creams.
PubMed:Preventing Ralstonia solanacearum adhesion with glycans from cashew, cocoa, coffee, pumpkin, and tomato seed extract.
PubMed:White chocolate-dipped fruit.
PubMed:Guarana: Paullinia cupana, P. sorbilis; also known as Brazilian cocoa and 'zoom'.
PubMed:[Evaluation of the needs and possibilities of increasing the vitamin B12 content in diet].
PubMed:Levels and predictors of urinary nickel concentrations of children in Germany: results from the German Environmental Survey on children (GerES IV).
PubMed:[Effect of flavonoids in the prevention of lung cancer: systematic review].
PubMed:The effect of cocoa, soy, oats and fish oil on metabolic syndrome in rats.
PubMed:Selective removal of the violet color produced by anthocyanins in procyanidin-rich unfermented cocoa extracts.
PubMed:Oil migration in chocolate and almond product confectionery systems.
PubMed:Improving chocolate flavor in poor-quality cocoa almonds by enzymatic treatment.
PubMed:Plant polyphenols and oral health: old phytochemicals for new fields.
PubMed:Preventing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Chromobacterium violaceum infections by anti-adhesion-active components of edible seeds.
PubMed:Diet and endothelial function: from individual components to dietary patterns.
PubMed:Do implicit measures of attitudes incrementally predict snacking behaviour over explicit affect-related measures?
PubMed:The future of chocolate.
PubMed:In vitro activity of extract and fractions of natural cocoa powder on Plasmodium falciparum.
PubMed:Migration of polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons (POSH) into food.
PubMed:Is maternal nutrition knowledge more strongly associated with the diets of mothers or their school-aged children?
PubMed:Which sources of flavonoids: complex diets or dietary supplements?
PubMed:Consumption of cocoa, tea and coffee and risk of cardiovascular disease.
PubMed:Influence of formulation and processing on absorption and metabolism of flavan-3-ols from tea and cocoa.
PubMed:Lactic acid bacteria dynamics during spontaneous fermentation of cocoa beans verified by culture-independent denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
PubMed:Biomass yield and heterosis of crosses within and between European winter cultivars of turnip rape (Brassica rapa L.).
PubMed:Comparative evaluation of chlorhexidine mouthrinse versus cacao bean husk extract mouthrinse as antimicrobial agents in children.
PubMed:Distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes in Southern Cameroon.
PubMed:[Fortified food products as a potential source of folic acid in human nutrition].
PubMed:Species diversity, community dynamics, and metabolite kinetics of the microbiota associated with traditional ecuadorian spontaneous cocoa bean fermentations.
PubMed:Theobroma cacao L., "The food of the Gods": quality determinants of commercial cocoa beans, with particular reference to the impact of fermentation.
PubMed:CYP1A1 is overexpressed upon incubation of breast cancer cells with a polyphenolic cocoa extract.
PubMed:A new glycosylated dihydrophaseic acid from cacao germs (Theobroma cacao L.).
PubMed:Was Feuerbach right: are we what we eat?
PubMed:The protein profile of Theobroma cacao L. seeds as obtained by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Nutritional reserves of Vochysiaceae seeds: chemical diversity and potential economic uses.
PubMed:Ochratoxin A in cocoa and chocolate sampled in Canada.
PubMed:Effect of pulp preconditioning on acidification, proteolysis, sugars and free fatty acids concentration during fermentation of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) beans.
PubMed:Predominant copper deficiency during prolonged enteral nutrition through a jejunostomy tube compared to that through a gastrostomy tube.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory properties of clovamide and Theobroma cacao phenolic extracts in human monocytes: evaluation of respiratory burst, cytokine release, NF-κB activation, and PPARγ modulation.
PubMed:Where has all the chocolate gone? A national survey assesses the effects of recent legislation to improve the nutritional quality of English secondary-school vending.
PubMed:Development of probiotic carriers using microbial transglutaminase-crosslinked soy protein isolate incorporated with agrowastes.
PubMed:Cacao seeds are a "Super Fruit": A comparative analysis of various fruit powders and products.
PubMed:The genome of Theobroma cacao.
PubMed:Understanding the genetic diversity, spatial genetic structure and mating system at the hierarchical levels of fruits and individuals of a continuous Theobroma cacao population from the Brazilian Amazon.
PubMed:1H NMR study of fermented cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) beans.
PubMed:Identification of the 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols: an application of the Phenol-Explorer database.
PubMed:Antitumor activity against murine lymphoma L5178Y model of proteins from cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) seeds in relation with in vitro antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l. associated with Theobroma cacao and other plants in Panama: multilocus phylogenies distinguish host-associated pathogens from asymptomatic endophytes.
PubMed:Improving Malaysian cocoa quality through the use of dehumidified air under mild drying conditions.
PubMed:[Morning snack offer in kindergarten: outlook and practices in Aquitaine, France, between 2004 and 2008].
PubMed:Chocolate consumption is inversely associated with prevalent coronary heart disease: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study.
PubMed:Impact of fermentation, drying, roasting, and Dutch processing on epicatechin and catechin content of cacao beans and cocoa ingredients.
PubMed:A sweet, nutty plan for better cholesterol, blood pressure.
PubMed:Antioxidant effects of cocoa and cocoa products ex vivo and in vivo: is there evidence from controlled intervention studies?
PubMed:Ghanaian cocoa bean fermentation characterized by spectroscopic and chromatographic methods and chemometrics.
PubMed:"Nuts, whole hazelnuts, Cadbury's take 'em and cover them with chocolate".
PubMed:Ochratoxigenic fungi and ochratoxin A in cocoa during farm processing.
PubMed:Chocolate in health and disease.
PubMed:Volatile composition and sensory analysis of Italian gianduja torrone.
PubMed:Diversity of the total bacterial community associated with Ghanaian and Brazilian cocoa bean fermentation samples as revealed by a 16 S rRNA gene clone library.
PubMed:Cocoa polyphenols suppress TNF-α-induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression by inhibiting phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1 (MEK1) activities in mouse epidermal cells.
PubMed:Biochemical properties of pectate lyases produced by three different Bacillus strains isolated from fermenting cocoa beans and characterization of their cloned genes.
PubMed:[Seed germination and key to seedling identification for six native tree species of wetlands from Southeast Mexico].
PubMed:Surveys of aflatoxin B1 contamination of retail Turkish foods and of products intended for export between 2007 and 2009.
PubMed:Symposium on Plant Polyphenols: Nutrition, Health and Innovations, June 2009.
PubMed:[Dark or white chocolate? Cocoa and cardiovascular health].
PubMed:Analysis of sterol and other components present in unsaponifiable matters of mahua, sal and mango kernel oil.
PubMed:Diet and caries experience among preschool children in Ajman, United Arab Emirates.
PubMed:The total antioxidant content of more than 3100 foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwide.
PubMed:[Epidemiological characteristics of patients with food allergy assisted at Regional Center of Allergies and Clinical Immunology of Monterrey].
PubMed:Interactions between globular proteins and procyanidins of different degrees of polymerization.
PubMed:New approach to multiresidue pesticide determination in foods with high fat content using disposable pipette extraction (DPX) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed:The essence of chocolate: a rich, dark, and well-kept secret.
PubMed:Chocolate and medicine: dangerous liaisons?
PubMed:Preservation of cocoa antioxidant activity, total polyphenols, flavan-3-ols, and procyanidin content in foods prepared with cocoa powder.
PubMed:Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin.
PubMed:Off-line comprehensive 2-dimensional hydrophilic interaction x reversed phase liquid chromatography analysis of procyanidins.
PubMed:Milk decreases urinary excretion but not plasma pharmacokinetics of cocoa flavan-3-ol metabolites in humans.
PubMed:Flavonoids, vascular function and cardiovascular protection.
PubMed:Cacao extracts suppress tryptophan degradation of mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
PubMed:Modulatory effects of polyphenols on apoptosis induction: relevance for cancer prevention.
PubMed:Trichoderma evansii and T. lieckfeldtiae: two new T. hamatum-like species.
PubMed:Coffee and green tea as a large source of antioxidant polyphenols in the Japanese population.
PubMed:Influence of specific fatty acids on the asymmetric distribution of saturated fatty acids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) triacylglycerols.
PubMed:[Polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of several seeds and nuts].
PubMed:Influence of roasting on the antioxidant activity and HMF formation of a cocoa bean model systems.
PubMed:Cocoa confers life span extension in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed:Emotions and eating. Self-reported and experimentally induced changes in food intake under stress.
PubMed:Vascular action of polyphenols.
PubMed:Antidepressant-like effects of a cocoa polyphenolic extract in Wistar-Unilever rats.
PubMed:Cacao diseases-the trilogy revisited.
PubMed:Changes in key aroma compounds of Criollo cocoa beans during roasting.
PubMed:N-acetylglutamate and N-acetylaspartate in soybeans (Glycine max L.), maize (Zea mays L.), [corrected] and other foodstuffs.
PubMed:Nutritional and microbiological evaluations of chocolate-coated Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) fruit for commercial use.
PubMed:Survey of the trans-resveratrol and trans-piceid content of cocoa-containing and chocolate products.
PubMed:Analysis of boron content in frequently consumed foods in Korea.
PubMed:Hypolipidemic effect in cholesterol-fed rats of a soluble fiber-rich product obtained from cocoa husks.
PubMed:Fermentation of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) seeds with a hybrid Kluyveromyces marxianus strain improved product quality attributes.
PubMed:Chocolate mouth rinse: Effect on plaque accumulation and mutans streptococci counts when used by children.
PubMed:Biotechnological applications of acetic acid bacteria.
PubMed:[Investigation of ochratoxin a, B and citrinin contamination in various commercial foods].
PubMed:Hypocrea rufa/Trichoderma viride: a reassessment, and description of five closely related species with and without warted conidia.
PubMed:Transmission of cocoa swollen shoot virus by seeds.
PubMed:The effectiveness of somatic embryogenesis in eliminating the cocoa swollen shoot virus from infected cocoa trees.
PubMed:Radical scavenging activity, anti-bacterial and mutagenic effects of cocoa bean Maillard reaction products with degree of roasting.
PubMed:Favorable effects of berry consumption on platelet function, blood pressure, and HDL cholesterol.
PubMed:Trace metal contents in chewing gums and candies marketed in Turkey.
PubMed:Metabolic fate of nicotinamide in higher plants.
PubMed:Regeneration of somatic embryos in Theobroma cacao L. in temporary immersion bioreactor and analyses of free amino acids in different tissues.
PubMed:Platelet reactivity in male smokers following the acute consumption of a flavanol-rich grapeseed extract.
PubMed:Therapeutic effect of ACTICOA powder, a cocoa polyphenolic extract, on experimentally induced prostate hyperplasia in Wistar-Unilever rats.
PubMed:Preventive effects of ACTICOA powder, a cocoa polyphenolic extract, on experimentally induced prostate hyperplasia in Wistar-Unilever rats.
PubMed:Natural occurrence of ochratoxin A and antioxidant activities of green and roasted coffees and corresponding byproducts.
PubMed:Repression of calcitonin gene-related peptide expression in trigeminal neurons by a Theobroma cacao extract.
PubMed:The new superfoods.
PubMed:Caveats to quantifying ecosystem services: fruit abortion blurs benefits from crop pollination.
PubMed:Determination of theobromine, theophylline, and caffeine in by-products of cupuacu and cacao seeds by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Topical application of plant extracts containing xanthine derivatives can prevent UV-induced wrinkle formation in hairless mice.
PubMed:Functional foods for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases: cholesterol and beyond.
PubMed:The growth of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius) on feed media dosed with flavour volatiles found in dry cocoa beans.
PubMed:Use of plant residues for improving soil fertility, pod nutrients, root growth and pod weight of okra (Abelmoschus esculentum L).
PubMed:Food for thought: the polymeal.
PubMed:Adding value to cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) germplasm information with domestication history and admixture mapping.
PubMed:[Pyrethroid and DDT resistance of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) in five agricultural ecosystems from Côte-d'Ivoire].
PubMed:Total antioxidant capacity of spices, dried fruits, nuts, pulses, cereals and sweets consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assays.
PubMed:Urea as the only inactivator of RNase for extraction of total RNA from plant and animal tissues.
PubMed:Development of a stable isotope dilution analysis with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry detection for the quantitative analysis of di- and trihydroxybenzenes in foods and model systems.
PubMed:Molecular definition of the taste of roasted cocoa nibs (Theobroma cacao) by means of quantitative studies and sensory experiments.
PubMed:Identification of the key aroma compounds in cocoa powder based on molecular sensory correlations.
PubMed:Hypertension, the Kuna, and the epidemiology of flavanols.
PubMed:Development of a gas-liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of fatty acid tryptamides in cocoa products.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of N-phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acids in roasted coffee and cocoa powder by means of a stable isotope dilution assay.
PubMed:Ecophysiology of ochratoxigenic Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium verrucosum isolates. Predictive models for fungal spoilage prevention - a review.
PubMed:Sensitive isotope dilution liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of acrylamide in chocolate.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatography separation and purification of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) procyanidins according to degree of polymerization using a diol stationary phase.
PubMed:Total polyphenol intake estimated by a modified Folin-Ciocalteu assay of urine.
PubMed:Foraging ecology of howler monkeys in a cacao (Theobroma cacao) plantation in Comalcalco, Mexico.
PubMed:Extraction and chromatographic separation of anticarcinogenic fractions from cacao bean husk.
PubMed:Alkaloid content of the seeds from Erythroxylum Coca var. Coca.
PubMed:Chocolate, tea: health foods? How plant chemicals may help foster cardiovascular health.
PubMed:Analysis of catechins in Theobroma cacao beans by cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:Taste preference and rating of commercial and natural thickeners.
PubMed:Chewing indicators between adults with Down syndrome and controls.
PubMed:Multi-allergen screening immunoassay for the detection of protein markers of peanut and four tree nuts in chocolate.
PubMed:Determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) by high-performance liquid chromatography in serum and liver as a biomarker for oxidative stress. Application to a rat model for hypercholesterolemia and evaluation of the effect of diets rich in phenolic antioxidants from fruits.
PubMed:Isolation, structure determination, synthesis, and sensory activity of N-phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acids from cocoa (Theobroma cacao).
PubMed:Sensory-guided decomposition of roasted cocoa nibs (Theobroma cacao) and structure determination of taste-active polyphenols.
PubMed:Somatic embryogenesis from flower explants of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.).
PubMed:Antioxidant and membrane effects of procyanidin dimers and trimers isolated from peanut and cocoa.
PubMed:Evaluation of cocoa- and coffee-derived methylxanthines as toxicants for the control of pest coyotes.
PubMed:Cocoa antioxidants and cardiovascular health.
PubMed:The Polymeal: a more natural, safer, and probably tastier (than the Polypill) strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease by more than 75%.
PubMed:Cocoa pod (Theobroma caco)--a potential breeding habit of Aedes albopictus in dengue-sensitive Kerala State, India.
PubMed:Vascular protection by dietary polyphenols.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of cacao bean husk extract on plaque formation in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Biosynthesis, accumulation and degradation of theobromine in developing Theobroma cacao fruits.
PubMed:Mango seed uses: thermal behaviour of mango seed almond fat and its mixtures with cocoa butter.
PubMed:Auriculotemporal nerve syndrome.
PubMed:Isolation and purification of functional total RNA from different organs of cacao tree during its interaction with the pathogen Crinipellis perniciosa.
PubMed:The food of Near East, North West and Western African regions.
PubMed:Exopeptidases and their application to reduce bitterness in food: a review.
PubMed:Localization and identification of phenolic compounds in Theobroma cacao L. somatic embryogenesis.
PubMed:Antioxidant properties of commercial alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages.
PubMed:Prediction of aged red wine aroma properties from aroma chemical composition. Partial least squares regression models.
PubMed:Mapping quantitative trait loci for bean traits and ovule number in Theobroma cacao L.
PubMed:[The content of fat and fatty acids in selected snack products (nuts and seeds)].
PubMed:Gene discovery and microarray analysis of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) varieties.
PubMed:Molecular and biochemical characterisation of two aspartic proteinases TcAP1 and TcAP2 from Theobroma cacao seeds.
PubMed:New sources of dietary myosmine uptake from cereals, fruits, vegetables, and milk.
PubMed:Extraction of methylxanthines from guaraná seeds, maté leaves, and cocoa beans using supercritical carbon dioxide and ethanol.
PubMed:Maternal dietary advice as an artifact of time and culture: post-World War II Queensland, Australia.
PubMed:Rate of dehydration and cumulative desiccation stress interacted to modulate desiccation tolerance of recalcitrant cocoa and ginkgo embryonic tissues.
PubMed:Identification of cariostatic substances in the cacao bean husk: their anti-glucosyltransferase and antibacterial activities.
PubMed:[Drinks and social environment in 19th-century Cuba].
PubMed:Characterization of peptides formed during fermentation of cocoa bean.
PubMed:Developmental variation of sugars, carboxylic acids, purine alkaloids, fatty acids, and endoproteinase activity during maturation of Theobroma cacao L. seeds.
PubMed:Cloning and sequence analysis of an infectious clone of Citrus yellow mosaic virus that can infect sweet orange via Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of 2S cocoa seed albumin storage polypeptide and the corresponding cDNA.
PubMed:Evaluation of aluminium concentrations in samples of chocolate and beverages by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.
PubMed:Reproduction studies in the rat with shea oleine and hardened shea oleine.
PubMed:Detection of trace amounts of hidden allergens: hazelnut and almond proteins in chocolate.
PubMed:Auxin modification of the incompatibility response in Theobroma cacao.
PubMed:Genetic mapping of resistance factors to Phytophthora palmivora in cocoa.
PubMed:Hidden hazelnut is a threat to allergic patients.
PubMed:Desiccation tolerance of recalcitrant Theobroma cacao embryonic axes: the optimal drying rate and its physiological basis.
PubMed:Primary structure of the abundant seed albumin of Theobroma cacao by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish foodstuffs and beverages.
PubMed:Characterization of cocoa butter extracted from hybrid cultivars of Theobroma cacao L.
PubMed:Procyanidin content and variation in some commonly consumed foods.
PubMed:[Vegetable resources with agroindustrial potential from Guatemala. Chemical characterization of the pulp and of the seeds of Theobroma bicolor].
PubMed:Lipid composition of wild ecuadorian Theobroma subincanum Mart. seeds and comparison with two varieties of Theobroma cacao L.
PubMed:Development of a synthetic bolus using silicone elastomer for the study of masticatory efficiency.
PubMed:Plasma kinetics in man of epicatechin from black chocolate.
PubMed:Modern life' in the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study with special emphasis on nutritional factors.
PubMed:Characterization of polar and nonpolar seed lipid classes from highly saturated fatty acid sunflower mutants.
PubMed:Intra-oral lactic acid production during clearance of different foods containing various carbohydrates.
PubMed:Primary structure of 6.5k-arginine/glutamate-rich polypeptide from the seeds of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica).
PubMed:Isolation and molecular characterization of four arginine/glutamate rich polypeptides from the seeds of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica).
PubMed:[Dietary and personal hygiene habits of adolescents in a rural population].
PubMed:Expression of the major bean proteins from Theobroma cacao (cocoa) in the yeasts Hansenula polymorpha and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Laboratory studies of sweets re-formulated to improve their dental properties.
PubMed:Tomato juice, chocolate drink, and other fluids suppress volitional drinking of alcohol in the female Syrian golden hamster.
PubMed:Combining-ability for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) yield components under southern Bahia conditions.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of steam distilled floral oils of cacao cultivars (Theobroma cacao L., Sterculiaceae) and attraction of flying insects: Implications for aTheobroma pollination syndrome.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of alimentary plants against Staphylococcus aureus growth.
PubMed:[Contamination of hazel nuts and chocolate by mineral oil from jute and sisal bags].
PubMed:[Development of soy-based protein candy bars for athletes].
PubMed:[Consumption of biologically active substances from non-alcoholic beverages. II. Fluoride consumption in a group of young people].
PubMed:SUNCT syndrome: forehead sweating pattern.
PubMed:An evaluation of adi agbon as a clearing agent in paraffin processing of embryonic tissues--preliminary report.
PubMed:Determination of food contamination by mineral oil from jute sacks using coupled LC-GC.
PubMed:Nucleic acid sequence of a 21 kDa cocoa seed protein with homology to the soybean trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz) family of protease inhibitors.
PubMed:Prevalence and severity of the premenstrual syndrome. Effects of foods and beverages that are sweet or high in sugar content.
PubMed:[Lyell's syndrome in a child with food allergy].
PubMed:Energy costs of flowering, fruiting, and cherelle wilt in cacao.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic determination of polydextrose in food matrixes.
PubMed:Determination of the enantiomeric composition of salsolinol in biological samples by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
PubMed:Determination of methyl bromide in foods by headspace capillary gas chromatography with electron capture detection.
PubMed:[Microbiological in vitro and animal experiments assessing the cariogenic potential of various snacks].
PubMed:General Referee reports: Committee on Foods. II.
PubMed:Responses of interproximal plaque pH to snack foods and effect of chewing sorbitol-containing gum.
PubMed:Cocoa butter biosynthesis. Purification and characterization of a soluble sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase from cocoa seeds.
PubMed:Case-control study of urinary bladder cancer in metropolitan Nagoya.
PubMed:Microbiological examination of foods sold via vending machines.
PubMed:In-vitro inhibition of glucosyltransferase from the dental plaque bacterium Streptococcus mutans by common beverages and food extracts.
PubMed:The cariogenic potential of several snack foods.
PubMed:The prevalence of diet-induced migraine.
PubMed:[Aflatoxins in cacao creams and similar products].
PubMed:Oxalate content in common Japanese foods.
PubMed:Extraction procedures for oilseeds and related high fat-low moisture products.
PubMed:Occurrence of aflatoxins in oilseeds providing cocoa-butter substitutes.
PubMed:Pyrazines in foods: an update.
PubMed:Contamination of food plants and plant products with bacteria of public health significance.
PubMed:[Immunologic observations on antigens of fermented cacao seeds].
PubMed:Food allergies and migraine.
PubMed:Furans in foods.
PubMed:Nickel content of various Dutch foodstuffs.
PubMed:Changes in cocoa proteins during ripening of fruit, fermentation, and further processing of cocoa beans.
PubMed:[Use of gel diffusion technics in the immunologic differentiation of cacao].
PubMed:Enamel demineralization by snack foods.
PubMed:Provisional tables on the zinc content of foods.
PubMed:[Aflatoxin in foods on the Norwegian market (author's transl)].
PubMed:Bias and misrepresentation revisited: "perspective" on saturated fat.
PubMed:An immunological approach to the diagnosis of food sensitivity.
PubMed:[Adhesiveness of food as an etiologic factor in dental caries].
PubMed:Microflora of raw cacao beans.
PubMed:Foods as the cause of acne.
PubMed:Determination of theobromine and caffeine in Theobroma cacao grain hulls.
PubMed:Determination of copper in foods by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
PubMed:[Surveys on the nutritional habits in agricultural households in the German Federal Republic from the nutritional-physiological aspect. IV. Classification based on manpower].
PubMed:The cariogenicity of differnt between-meal snacks in Osborne-Mendel rats.
PubMed:Die-back and death of cacao trees caused by a new species of parasitic tree.
PubMed:The potential importance in caries prevention of solubility reducing and antibacterial factors in unrefined plant products.
PubMed:Food allergy in children: its protean manifestations.
PubMed:Some Biometric Observations on Cacao Fruit.
 
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