EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

propyl paraben
propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate

Supplier Sponsors

Name:propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
CAS Number: 94-13-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-307-7
FDA UNII:Z8IX2SC1OH
Nikkaji Web:J3.943H
Beilstein Number:1103245
MDL:MFCD00002354
CoE Number:678
XlogP3:3.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:180.20324000
Formula:C10 H12 O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:antimicrobial agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1670 Propyl Paraben View-review
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:4-hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester
FEMA Number:2951 propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: PROPYL P-HYDROXYBENZOATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 150 -- FRUIT BUTTERS, JELLIES, PRESERVES, AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves, and Related Products
Sec. 150.141 Artificially sweetened fruit jelly.


FDA PART 150 -- FRUIT BUTTERS, JELLIES, PRESERVES, AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves, and Related Products
Sec. 150.161 Artificially sweetened fruit preserves and jams.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 181 -- PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS
Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.23 Antimycotics.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1670 Propylparaben.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 95.00 to 98.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 294.00 to 295.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 256.00 °F. TCC ( 124.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.040
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 propylene glycol
 water, 529.3 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 20964 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: smoky
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
sweet smoky burnt woody hawthorn
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet smoky burnt woody hawthorn
Odor sample from: Sigma-Aldrich
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
preservatives
 
Suppliers:
Acme-Hardesty
Propyl Paraben
Odor: characteristic
Use: Antimicrobial Preservative Used in Cosmetics and Personal Care.
Anhui Haibei
Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Propylparaben
Charkit Chemical
PROPYL PARABEN, NF
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
4-Hydroxybenzoic acid propylester (HPLC) ≥99%
Foodchem International
Propyl Paraben
HallStar
CoSept(tm) P
Odor: characteristic
Use: CoSept P is an odorless, extra fine, white powder that is non-hygroscopic and generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use as a preservative in foods. For over 50 years this neutral ester of para-hydroxybenzoic acid has functioned as an excellent fungistatic agent at low concentrations against a wide range of organisms. It is stable and active from pH 3 to 8, and is often used in conjunction with other additives (e.g., EDTA or its salts, Quaternium-15, Diazolidinyl Urea, Methylparaben) for synergistic effects. In personal care products, CoSept M and CoSept P have typically been used in combination (0.2% Methylparaben and 0.1% Propylparaben, with levels adjusted to specific circumstances). CoSept P has very limited solubility in water, so presolubilization can reduce dissolution time and therefore batching time. The preference for parabens continues due to their 50+ years history of safety and reliability.
Kingyoung Bio Technical
Propylparaben
Kraft Chemical
Propyl Paraben
Nanjing Jiancheng Chemical
PropylParaben(Nipasol)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Propyl paraben is mainly used as antiseptics in cosmetics, food and medicine. It is also can be used as feed preservatives.
Penta International
PROPYL-P-HYDROXYBENZOATE USP/NF, Kosher, Halal
Penta International
PROPYL-p-HYDROXYBENZOATE, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Propyl Paraben
Shiva Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals
PropylParabean
Sigma-Aldrich
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, ≥99%
Certified Food Grade Products
Sinofi Food Ingredients
Propylparaben
Odor: characteristic
Use: Preservative, Cosmetics, Feed, Pharmaceutical, Antimicrobial, Antifungal, Antibacterial, Soft Drink, Alcohol Beverage, Beverage Powder, Fruit Juice, Puddings, Sauces, Baking Food, Sauage, Food Colors, Milk, Wine, Flavoring Agent.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Propyl 4-Hydroxybenzoate >99.0%(T)
WholeChem
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Xi'an Herbphar
Ethyl-4-Hydroxybenzoate
Zhong Ya Chemical
Propyl Parabens (India)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rabbit LDLo 6000 mg/kg
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 146, Pg. 208, 1929.

oral-mouse LD50 6332 mg/kg
Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene. Vol. 28, Pg. 463, 1973.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 200 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD691-490

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 1650 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 128, Pg. 135, 1960.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: antimicrobial agents
Recommendation for propyl paraben usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -96.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.2000032.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -30.00000
fruit ices: -30.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -96.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):94-13-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7175
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:1
propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Chemidplus:0000094133
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:DH2800000 for cas# 94-13-3
 
References:
 propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:94-13-3
Pubchem (cid):7175
Pubchem (sid):134970804
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):D01422
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32574
FooDB:FDB010511
Export Tariff Code:2918.29.7500
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•usepaopp pesticide code 061203; trade names: propyl chemsept, chemacide pk. •grade: united states pharmacopeia, "food chemical codex" •trade names: aseptoform p, betacide p, betacine p, bonomold op, chemacide pk, chemocide pk, nipagin p, nipasol, nipasol m, nipasol p, nipazol, paraben, parasept, paseptol, preserval p, propagin, propyl aseptoform, propyl butex, propyl chemosept, propyl chemsept, propyl parasept, protaben p, pulvis conservans, solbrol p, and tegosept p.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
burnt
amber oil
FR
rum ether
FL/FR
chocolate
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
fruity
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
green
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
herbal
acorn acetate
FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
phenolic
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
piper betle leaf oil
FR
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
2,5-
xylenol
FL/FR
smoky
birch tar oil
FL/FR
cade oil
FR
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
alpha-
ethoxy-ortho-cresol
FL/FR
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
spicy
cubeb oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
woody
cedarwood oil china
FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
benzyl disulfide
FL
birch tar oil
FL/FR
alpha-
ethoxy-ortho-cresol
FL/FR
1-
methyl pyrrole
FL
prenyl mercaptan
FL
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
burnt
burnt
rum ether
FL/FR
chemical
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
coffee
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
floral
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
fruity
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
meaty
4-
allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL
medicinal
2,6-
dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
musty
2,5-
xylenol
FL/FR
onion
2-
methyl-1,3-dithiolane
FL
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
rummy
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
smoky
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids hickory
FL/FR
dextro-
xylose
FL
spicy
chipotle chili oleoresin
FL
cubeb oil
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
woody
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 preservatives
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 aseptoform P
 bayer D 206
 benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, propyl ester
 benzoic acid, p-hydroxy-, propyl ester
 betacide P
 betacine P
 bonomold OP
 chemacide PK
 chemocide PK
p-hydroxy propyl benzoate
4-hydroxy-benzoic acid propyl ester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid N-propyl ester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
p-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid propylester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester
p-hydroxybenzoic propyl ester
p-hydroxypropyl benzoate
 mekkings P
 nipagin P
 nipasol M
 nipasol P
 nipazol
 paseptol
 preserval P
 propagin
 propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
N-propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
 propyl aseptoform
 propyl butex
 propyl chemosept
 propyl chemsept
 propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
N-propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
 propyl para hydroxy benzoate
 propyl para-hydroxybenzoate
N-propyl para-hydroxybenzoate
 propyl parabens (india)
 propyl parahydroxybenzoate
 propyl parasept
 propyl-p-hydroxybenzoate
 propyl-p-hydroxybenzoate USP/NF
 propylparaben
N-propylparaben
 propylparasept
 protaben P
 solbrol P
 tegosept P
 

Articles:

PubMed:Predictors and Variability of Repeat Measurements of Urinary Phenols and Parabens in a Cohort of Shanghai Women and Men.
PubMed:Antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects of selected food preservatives against Salmonella spp. isolated from chicken samples.
PubMed:Urinary concentrations of environmental phenols in pregnant women in a pilot study of the National Children's Study.
PubMed:A sensitive and robust HPLC assay with fluorescence detection for the quantification of pomalidomide in human plasma for pharmacokinetic analyses.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of some phthalate metabolites, parabens and benzophenone-3 in urine by ultra high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:A method to screen U.S. environmental biomonitoring data for race/ethnicity and income-related disparity.
PubMed:Simultaneous multicomponent spectrophotometric monitoring of methyl and propyl parabens using multivariate statistical methods after their preconcentration by robust ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction.
PubMed:Widespread occurrence of bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers, p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters (parabens), benzophenone type-UV filters, triclosan, and triclocarban in human urine from Athens, Greece.
PubMed:Personal care product use and urinary phthalate metabolite and paraben concentrations during pregnancy among women from a fertility clinic.
PubMed:Accelerated stability and bioassay of a new oral α-ketoglutarate formulation for treating cyanide poisoning.
PubMed:Ampholine-functionalized hybrid organic-inorganic silica material as sorbent for solid-phase extraction of acidic and basic compounds.
PubMed:Phthalates and parabens in personal care products from China: concentrations and human exposure.
PubMed:Urinary paraben concentrations among pregnant women and their matching newborn infants of Korea, and the association with oxidative stress biomarkers.
PubMed:Circulating serum xenoestrogens and mammographic breast density.
PubMed:Occurrence of parabens in foodstuffs from China and its implications for human dietary exposure.
PubMed:Hydrolytic enzymes production by Aspergillus section Nigri in presence of butylated hydroxyanisole and propyl paraben on peanut meal extract agar.
PubMed:A study of parabens and bisphenol A in surface water and fish brain tissue from the Greater Pittsburgh Area.
PubMed:Distribution, variability, and predictors of urinary concentrations of phenols and parabens among pregnant women in Puerto Rico.
PubMed:Characteristic profiles of urinary p-hydroxybenzoic acid and its esters (parabens) in children and adults from the United States and China.
PubMed:Analysis of preservatives with different polarities in beverage samples by dual-phase dual stir bar sorptive extraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:[Determination of sixteen food additives in beverage by capillary zone electrophoresis].
PubMed:Ovariectomized mouse uterotrophic assay of 36 chemicals.
PubMed:A Foilized Polyethylene Pouch for the Prevention of Transmission of HIV from Mother to Child.
PubMed:Occurrence and human exposure of p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters (parabens), bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE), and their hydrolysis products in indoor dust from the United States and three East Asian countries.
PubMed:Protective role of metabolism by intestinal microflora in butyl paraben-induced toxicity in HepG2 cell cultures.
PubMed:Preparation and selective recognition of a novel solid-phase microextraction fiber combined with molecularly imprinted polymers for the extraction of parabens in soy sample.
PubMed:Evaluation of the occurrence and biodegradation of parabens and halogenated by-products in wastewater by accurate-mass liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS).
PubMed:Synergistic effects of parabens on the induction of calbindin-D(9k) gene expression act via a progesterone receptor-mediated pathway in GH3 cells.
PubMed:In vitro analyses of the effects of heparin and parabens on Candida albicans biofilms and planktonic cells.
PubMed:Preparation and evaluation of molecularly imprinted microspheres for solid-phase extraction of 1,4-hydroxybenzoic acid esters in soy.
PubMed:Estrogenic Activity of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Parabens Based on the Stably Transfected Human Estrogen Receptor-α Transcriptional Activation Assay (OECD TG 455).
PubMed:Determination of parabens in house dust by pressurised hot water extraction followed by stir bar sorptive extraction and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of nine UV filters and four preservatives in suncare products by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Determination of active substances in binary mixture antiparasitic veterinary formulations by HPLC.
PubMed:Benzoate X receptor zinc-finger gene switches for drug-inducible regulation of transcription.
PubMed:A comprehensive evaluation of the toxicology of cigarette ingredients: aromatic and aliphatic alcohol compounds.
PubMed:Monolithic capillary columns synthesized from a single phosphate-containing dimethacrylate monomer for cation-exchange chromatography of peptides and proteins.
PubMed:Fast and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography analysis of cosmetic creams for hydroquinone, phenol and six preservatives.
PubMed:Plasma concentrations of parabens in postmenopausal women and self-reported use of personal care products: the NOWAC postgenome study.
PubMed:A new compound, jolynamine, from marine brown alga Jolyna laminarioides.
PubMed:Sorption of antimicrobial agents in blow-fill-seal packs.
PubMed:Urinary concentrations of parabens and serum hormone levels, semen quality parameters, and sperm DNA damage.
PubMed:Regulation of the 5-HT3A receptor-mediated current by alkyl 4-hydroxybenzoates isolated from the seeds of Nelumbo nucifera.
PubMed:Simultaneous quantitation of parabens, triclosan, and methyl triclosan in indoor house dust using solid phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Food-grade antioxidants and antimicrobials to control growth and ochratoxin a production by Aspergillus section Nigri on peanut kernels.
PubMed:Determination of synthetic phenolic antioxidants and their metabolites in water samples by downscaled solid-phase extraction, silylation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Oxidative DNA damage contributes to the toxic activity of propylparaben in mammalian cells.
PubMed:Photostabilization of papaverine hydrochloride solutions.
PubMed:Dissolution rate enhancement of parabens in PEG solid dispersions and its influence on the release from hydrophilic matrix tablets.
PubMed:Effect of antioxidant mixtures on growth and ochratoxin a production of Aspergillus section Nigri species under different water activity conditions on peanut meal extract agar.
PubMed:Combined exposures to anti-androgenic chemicals: steps towards cumulative risk assessment.
PubMed:Development of a thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for determining personal care products in air.
PubMed:Polymeric cation-exchange monolithic columns containing phosphoric acid functional groups for capillary liquid chromatography of peptides and proteins.
PubMed:Use of a capillary tube for collecting an extraction solvent lighter than water after dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and its application in the determination of parabens in different samples by gas chromatography--flame ionization detection.
PubMed:In vitro study of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) endocrine disruptor screening and testing methods- establishment of a recombinant rat androgen receptor (rrAR) binding assay.
PubMed:[Determination of six p-hydroxybenzoates in fruits and jams using solid-phase extraction-high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Degradation of parabens by Pseudomonas beteli and Burkholderia latens.
PubMed:Mixture effects of endocrine disrupting compounds in vitro.
PubMed:Urinary concentrations of four parabens in the U.S. population: NHANES 2005-2006.
PubMed:Use of propyl paraben to control growth and ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus section Nigri species on peanut meal extract agar.
PubMed:Stability of the conjugated species of environmental phenols and parabens in human serum.
PubMed:Exposure to bisphenol A and other phenols in neonatal intensive care unit premature infants.
PubMed:Postharvest control of peanut Aspergillus section Flavi populations by a formulation of food-grade antioxidants.
PubMed:Parabens as agents for improving crocetin esters' shelf-life in aqueous saffron extracts.
PubMed:Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in raw fruits by enterocin AS-48.
PubMed:Analysis and quantification of parabens in cosmetic products by utilizing hollow fibre-supported liquid membrane and high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection.
PubMed:Automated on-line column-switching HPLC-MS/MS method with peak focusing for measuring parabens, triclosan, and other environmental phenols in human milk.
PubMed:Combined physico-chemical treatments based on enterocin AS-48 for inactivation of Gram-negative bacteria in soybean sprouts.
PubMed:Eco-friendly methodologies for the synthesis of some aromatic esters, well-known cosmetic ingredients.
PubMed:On-line pretreatment and determination of parabens in cosmetic products by combination of flow injection analysis, solid-phase extraction and micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:Effect of pharmaceuticals on thermoreversible gelation of PEO-PPO-PEO copolymers.
PubMed:Genotoxic effects of environmental estrogen-like compounds in CHO-K1 cells.
PubMed:Interaction of propyl paraben with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayer: a differential scanning calorimetry and nuclear magnetic resonance study.
PubMed:Formation of halogenated by-products of parabens in chlorinated water.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of nine kinds of preservatives in foods by HPLC].
PubMed:Antiaflatoxigenic property of food grade antioxidants under different conditions of water activity in peanut grains.
PubMed:Polymer monoliths with low hydrophobicity for strong cation-exchange capillary liquid chromatography of peptides and proteins.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of phthalates and parabens in cosmetic products by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry coupled with solid phase extraction].
PubMed:Effect of propyl paraben on the dipalmitoyl phosphatidic acid vesicles.
PubMed:Temporal stability of the conjugated species of bisphenol A, parabens, and other environmental phenols in human urine.
PubMed:HPLC analysis of generic antiretroviral drugs purchased in Rwanda.
PubMed:Effect of formulation factors on in-vitro permeation of diclofenac from experimental and marketed aqueous eye drops through excised goat cornea.
PubMed:Simultaneous, stability indicating, HPLC-DAD determination of guaifenesin and methyl and propyl-parabens in cough syrup.
PubMed:Effect of immersion solutions containing enterocin AS-48 on Listeria monocytogenes in vegetable foods.
PubMed:Contribution to the study of the chemical composition of Verticillium albo-atrum secretions in liquid media.
PubMed:A stability-indicating HPLC method for medroxyprogesterone acetate in bulk drug and injection formulation.
PubMed:In vitro effect of phenolic antioxidants on germination, growth and aflatoxin B accumulation by peanut Aspergillus section Flavi.
PubMed:Stability indicating reversed-phase liquid chromatographic determination of metronidazole benzoate and diloxanide furoate as bulk drug and in suspension dosage form.
PubMed:[In vitro susceptibility of a Staphylococcus spp. isolate to food preservatives].
PubMed:Evaluation of estrogenic activities of hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke condensate.
PubMed:Propyl paraben induces potassium efflux in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:The effects of parabens on the mechanosensitive channels of E. coli.
PubMed:Development and validation of a stability indicating HPLC method for determination of lisinopril, lisinopril degradation product and parabens in the lisinopril extemporaneous formulation.
PubMed:The use of colloidal microgels as a (trans)dermal drug delivery system.
PubMed:Compatibility of sennoside A and B with pharmaceutical excipients.
PubMed:Propyl paraben inhibits voltage-dependent sodium channels and protects cardiomyocytes from ischemia-reperfusion injury.
PubMed:Effect of UV screens and preservatives on vitellogenin and choriogenin production in male medaka (Oryzias latipes).
PubMed:Determination of chlorpheniramine maleate and tincture ipecac in dosage form by liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection.
PubMed:Determination of bifonazole in creams containing methyl- and propyl p-hydroxybenzoate by derivative spectrophotometric method.
PubMed:Control of Aspergillus growth and aflatoxin production using antioxidants at different conditions of water activity and pH.
PubMed:Potential use of antioxidants for control of growth and fumonisin production by Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum on whole maize grain.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of PrbA, a new esterase from Enterobacter cloacae hydrolyzing the esters of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens).
PubMed:[Determination of 4 antiseptics and 6 sunscreen agents in cosmetic products by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Effects of propyl paraben on the male reproductive system.
PubMed:Intestinal absorption enhancement of the ester prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate through modulation of the biochemical barrier by defined ester mixtures.
PubMed:Gas chromatography/mass spectrometric assay of endogenous cellular lipid peroxidation products: quantitative analysis of 9- and 10-hydroxystearic acids.
PubMed:Inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by slow release of propyl paraben from a polymer coating.
PubMed:Safety assessment of propyl paraben: a review of the published literature.
PubMed:[Competitive binding of some alkyl p-hydroxybenzoates to human estrogen receptor alpha and beta].
PubMed:Identification and quantification of estrogenic compounds in recycled and virgin paper for household use as determined by an in vitro yeast estrogen screen and chemical analysis.
PubMed:Sensitive liquid chromatographic assay for amprenavir, a human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitor, in human plasma, cerebrospinal fluid and semen.
PubMed:Lack of oestrogenic effects of food preservatives (parabens) in uterotrophic assays.
PubMed:Effect of Salts on the Micellization, Clouding, and Solubilization Behavior of Pluronic F127 Solutions.
PubMed:Role of mitochondrial membrane permeability transition in p-hydroxybenzoate ester-induced cytotoxicity in rat hepatocytes.
PubMed:A simplified and rapid high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for ketoprofen in isopropyl myristate.
PubMed:Mechanism of p-hydroxybenzoate ester-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and cytotoxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes.
PubMed:Analysis of Ecteinascidin 743, a new potent marine-derived anticancer drug, in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with solid-phase extraction.
PubMed:A method for preserving saliva samples at ambient temperatures.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of pH-sensitive poly(organophosphazene) hydrogels.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of bromhexine hydrochloride and methyl and propyl p-hydroxybenzoate and determination of dextromethorphan hydrobromide in cough-cold syrup by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:High performance liquid chromatographic determination of phenoxetol, methyl paraben, ethyl paraben, n-propyl paraben, iso-butyl paraben, n-butyl paraben and croconazole.HCl.
PubMed:The guinea pig maximization test--with a multiple dose design.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of sorbic acid, benzoic acid and parabens in foods: a new gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique adopted in a survey on Italian foods and beverages.
PubMed:Separation and simultaneous determination of methyl paraben and propyl paraben in Choletec (kit for the preparation of Tc-99m mebrofenin) by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Ciliotoxicity of methyl- and propyl-p-hydroxybenzoates: a dose-response and surface-response study.
PubMed:Kinetic evaluation of the ciliotoxicity of methyl- and propyl-p-hydroxybenzoates using factorial experiments.
PubMed:Antioxidants in some pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food from the European market.
PubMed:Prevention of bacterial colonization on polyurethane in vitro by incorporated antibacterial agent.
PubMed:[Investigation, identification and dosage of local anesthetics and antihistaminics in cosmetic products].
PubMed:The effect of some preservatives used in nasal preparations on the mucus and ciliary components of mucociliary clearance.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of methylprednisolone and methylprednisolone 21-[8-[methyl-(2-sulfoethyl)amino]-8-oxooctanoate] sodium salt in human urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection.
PubMed:The effect of some preservatives used in nasal preparations on mucociliary clearance.
PubMed:Assessment of salicylate derivatives for potential use in ulcerative colitis: proposal for a new action of 5-aminosalicylic acid?
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic determination of propyl paraben in cigarette filler.
PubMed:Determination of warfarin in human plasma by high performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:The suitability of some preservatives in chloroquine phosphate syrup.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of methylprednisolone and methylprednisolone 21-[8-[methyl-(2-sulfoethyl)amino]-8-oxoctanoate] sodium salt in human plasma.
PubMed:HPLC determination of clenbuterol in pharmaceutical gel formulations.
PubMed:Short-term pathological and proliferative effects of butylated hydroxyanisole and other phenolic antioxidants in the forestomach of Fischer 344 rats.
PubMed:Properties of alkyl hydroxycinnamates and effects on Pseudomonas fluorescens.
PubMed:High pressure liquid chromatographic determination of methyl and propyl p-hydroxybenzoates in comminuted meats.
PubMed:Topical tobramycin and gentamicin sulfate in the treatment of ocular infections: multicenter study.
PubMed:Ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatographic separation of a multicomponent anticholinergic drug formulation.
PubMed:Spectrophotometric determination of some preservatives in milk.
PubMed:Potassium hydroxide solution 10% for the fast hydrolysis of esters for analysis.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of four antihistamines in combination by high-pressure liquid chromatography.
PubMed:[Silicone derivatives of medicinal agents. XI. Methylsilyl derivatives of methyl and propyl p-hydroxybenzoate].
PubMed:On the solubilization properties of surfactant-polymer complexes.
PubMed:[Propyl parahydroxybenzoate. Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate].
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to methyl and propyl paraben.
PubMed:RELATIVE STABILITY OF PERTUSSIS VACCINE PRESERVED WITH MERTHIOLATE, BENZETHONIUM CHLORIDE, OR THE PARABENS.
PubMed:EFFECT OF PHENOLIC ACIDS AND ESTERS ON RESPIRATION AND REPRODUCTION OF BACTERIA IN URINE.
 
Notes:
Antimicrobial agent, preservative, flavouring agent
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