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polysorbate 80
tween 80

Supplier Sponsors

Name:2-[2-[3,4-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)oxolan-2-yl]-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl (E)-octadec-9-enoate
CAS Number: 9005-65-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):1340-85-8
ECHA ELINCS - REACH Pre-Reg:500-019-9
XlogP3-AA:4.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:604.82220000
Formula:C32 H60 O10
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:emulsifiers, surfactants
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
EU SANCO Polysorbates View - review
EU SANCO Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80) View - review
FCN 1021 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate View - notice
JECFA Food Additive: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monooleate
GSFA Codex: Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (433)
DG SANTE Food Additives:polysorbate 80
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:polysorbate 80
FEMA Number:2917 polysorbate 80
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):9005-65-6 ; POLYSORBATE 80
FDA Regulation:
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.

Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.836 Polysorbate 60.

Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.838 Polysorbate 65.

Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.840 Polysorbate 80.

Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.842 Sorbitan monostearate.

Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.

Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.

Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.

Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3400 Emulsifiers and/or surface-active agents.

Subpart B--Food Additive Listing
Sec. 573.860 Polysorbate 80.

Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.1 Diluents in color additive mixtures for food use exempt from certification.

Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1001 Diluents in color additive mixtures for drug use exempt from certification.
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to ornge oily liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.06400 @ 25.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.47200 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 695.00 to 696.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Acid Value: 80.00 max. KOH/g
Flash Point: 235.00 °F. TCC ( 112.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.392 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 ethyl acetate
 water, 0.01999 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 mineral oil
 petroleum ether
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:low
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. mild alcoholic
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data2
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: denaturants
surfactant - emulsifying
American International Chemical, LLC.
Augustus Oils
Polysorbate 80
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Polysorbate 80 95%
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Polysorbate 80 Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Our Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate) is derived from olive oil. It is a non-toxic, nonionic surfactant/emulsifier and a water-soluble yellowish liquid used as a dispersing agent which allows oil and water to mix without the use of alcohol. It?s a fragrance solubilizer and stabilizer; it lubricates and has a soothing effect on the skin. This skin- safe ingredient is used extensively in oil-in-water emulsions (lotions, conditioners, cream rinses, shampoos, liquid soaps, body polishes or scrubs, etc.) and also for body mists and linen sprays. Will be found as an ingredient in many body toiletries, cosmetics and wipes now in the market.
Charkit Chemical
Chemical-navi - Nikkol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophilic emulsifier; solubilizer; dispersant; water soluble; plant-derived
Chemical-navi - Nikkol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophilic emulsifier; solubilizer; dispersant; water soluble; plant-derived
Covalent Chemical
Polysorbate 80
Crodalan™ AWS
Odor: bland
Use: Solubilised acetylated lanolin alcohol derivative for personal care products. Water/alcohol soluble emollient, superfatting agent and emulsifier. Particularly suited to detergent and aqueous alcoholic systems, bath oils and aerosol antiperspirants.
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
Glentham Life Sciences
Polysorbate 80
Glentham Life Sciences
Tween 80, 10% solution in water
Glentham Life Sciences
Tween 80
Graham Chemical
Polysorbate 80
Indenta Group
Polysorbate 80
Kao Corporation
Flavor: characteristic
It is a highly hydrophilic surfactant and approved as a food additives. It is a usuful emulsifier, dispersant and solubilizer for aroma chemiclas and oils. Combination of EMASOL O-120V and highly lipophlic one of EMASOL-series lead to a giving an excellent emulsifier.
Kao Corporation
Odor: characteristic
Use: Emulsifier and conditioning agent (low substantive effect). Detoxifying agent in shampoos (low irritation). Fragrances solubilizer.
Kao Corporation
Odor: characteristic
Use: Emulsifier for pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, Stabilizer for color materials, Stabilizer for emulsion polymerizations, Emulsifier for adjuvant of agrochemicals, Emulsifier for water based metal process cutting oils, Surface coating type antistatic agents.
Kraft Chemical
Polysorbate 80
Lipo Chemicals
Liposorb® O-20
Odor: characteristic
Use: Liposorb® O-20 is an oil-in-water emulsifier. Primarily used in combination with Liposorb® O or Lipo® GMS-450. The pair of emulsifiers produces medium, fine-textured lotions and creams in skin and hair care products. Liposorb® O-20 also acts as a spreading aid for bath oils, adds water-dispersibility to anhydrous systems and is a solubilizer for oils and fragrances.
Lluch Essence
Lonza Group
Glycosperse™ O-20 KFG
Lonza Group
Lonzest™ SMO-20
Mohini Organics
Odor: characteristic
Use: MONEBAT™ - 80 is used as an Emulsifier, dispersant, solubilizer, lubricant, detergent, antistat, wetting agent for cosmetics & pharmaceuticals, polishes, insecticides, leather degreasing and veterinary products.
Penta International
Penta International
Polysorbate 80, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Silver Fern Chemical
Polysorbate 80
Odor: characteristic
Use: Polysorbate 80 can be used as an emulsifier in foods, medicines, cosmetics, textiles, agriculture, and occasionally in laboratory identification of bacteria.
SysKem Chemie
Polysorbate 80
Polysorbate 80
Zschimmer & Schwarz
Mulsifan SMO-20
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 34500 ul/kg
Food Research. Vol. 21, Pg. 348, 1956.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 7600 mg/kg
Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Vol. 5, Pg. 467, 1979.

intravenous-mouse LD50 4500 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 18, Pg. 666, 1968.

oral-mouse LD50 25000 mg/kg
Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico. Vol. 101, Pg. 173, 1962.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 6804 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 35, Pg. 804, 1985.

intravenous-rat LD50 34500 ul/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 254, 1974.

intravenous-cat LDLo 500 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 28, Pg. 1586, 1978.

intravenous-dog LDLo 500 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 28, Pg. 1586, 1978.

intravenous-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 5800 mg/kg
Zhongguo Yaoxue Zazhi. Chinese Pharmacuetical Journal. Vol. 26, Pg. 459, 1991.

oral-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 25000 mg/kg
Zhongguo Yaoxue Zazhi. Chinese Pharmacuetical Journal. Vol. 26, Pg. 459, 1991.

intravenous-rat LD50 1790 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 254, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
emulsifiers, surfactants
Recommendation for polysorbate 80 usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -320.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -170.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -200.00000
fruit ices: -200.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -300.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: -200.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (E 432), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (E 433), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (E 434), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (E 435) and polyoxyethylene
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate as a feed additive for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9005-65-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5281955
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
2-[2-[3,4-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)oxolan-2-yl]-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl (E)-octadec-9-enoate
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:WG2932500 for cas# 9005-65-6
 2-[2-[3,4-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)oxolan-2-yl]-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl (E)-octadec-9-enoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:9005-65-6
Pubchem (cid):5281955
Pubchem (sid):135262334
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C11625
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2916.15.5000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
•grade: polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate polysorbate 20; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate polysorbate 60; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate polysorbitan 65 •grade: polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 emulsifying agents
 essential oils solublizer
 fragrance solublizer
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 alkamuls PSML-80/100
 crodalan AWS
 emasol O-120V
 glycosperse O-20
 glycosperse O-20 KFG
2-[2-[3,4-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)oxolan-2-yl]-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl (E)-octadec-9-enoate
 kaopan TW-O-120
 liposorb O-20
 lonzest SMO-20
 monebatt - 80
 mulsifan SMO-20
 nikkol TO-10MV
 nikkol TO-10V
 norfox sorbo T-80
 poe-20 sorbitan monooleate
 polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate
 polysorbate 81
 rheodol TW-O120V
 toximul see-341
 tween 80


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PubMed:Addition of a surfactant to tryptic soy broth allows growth of a lactic acid bacteria food antimicrobial, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella enterica.
PubMed:Evaporative light scattering detection based HPLC method for the determination of polysorbate 80 in therapeutic protein formulations.
PubMed:Effect of tween series on growth and Cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid production of Lactobacillus acidophilus F0221 in the presence of bile salts.
PubMed:Influence of droplet size on the efficacy of oil-in-water emulsions loaded with phenolic antimicrobials.
PubMed:Studies on the lipolytic activity of sonicated enzymes from Yarrowia lipolytica.
PubMed:Investigating the hydrogen peroxide quenching capacity of proteins in polyphenol-rich foods.
PubMed:Development of low-energy methods for preparing food Nano-emulsions.
PubMed:[Effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate given at different duration of gestation on the outcome of pregnancy in rats].
PubMed:Cholesterol reduction and lack of genotoxic or toxic effects in mice after repeated 21-day oral intake of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil.
PubMed:Determination of some significant batch culture conditions affecting acetyl-xylan esterase production by Penicillium notatum NRRL-1249.
PubMed:[Selective isolation and diversity of cold-adapted lipase-producing strains from permafrost soil at the terminus of a glacier in the Tianshan Mountains].
PubMed:Manipulating interactions between functional colloidal particles and polyethylene surfaces using interfacial engineering.
PubMed:Flavonoids: precipitation kinetics and interaction with surfactant micelles.
PubMed:Chitosan-whey protein isolate composite films for encapsulation and stabilization of fish oil containing ultra pure omega-3 fatty acids.
PubMed:Influence of surfactant charge on antimicrobial efficacy of surfactant-stabilized thyme oil nanoemulsions.
PubMed:New association of surfactants for the production of food and cosmetic nanoemulsions: preliminary development and characterization.
PubMed:Inhibition of lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of emulsified triglyceride oils by low-molecular weight surfactants under simulated gastrointestinal conditions.
PubMed:Improvement of fitness and efficacy of a fire blight biocontrol agent via nutritional enhancement combined with osmoadaptation.
PubMed:Formation of flavor oil microemulsions, nanoemulsions and emulsions: influence of composition and preparation method.
PubMed:Use of stimulatory agents to enhance the production of bioactive exopolysaccharide from pleurotus tuber-regium by submerged fermentation.
PubMed:Possible influence of surfactants and proteins on the efficiency of contact agar microbiological surface sampling.
PubMed:Assessment of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, propylene glycol, polysorbate 80, and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin for use in developmental and reproductive toxicology studies.
PubMed:[Preparation of self-emulsifying soft capsule and its pharmacokinetic in rats for epimedium flavonoids].
PubMed:Biotransformation optimization of betulin into betulinic acid production catalysed by cultured Armillaria luteo-virens Sacc ZJUQH100-6 cells.
PubMed:The determination of viable counts in probiotic cultures microencapsulated by spray-coating.
PubMed:Translocation of Crohn's disease Escherichia coli across M-cells: contrasting effects of soluble plant fibres and emulsifiers.
PubMed:Optimization of nisin production by Lactococcus lactis UQ2 using supplemented whey as alternative culture medium.
PubMed:Comprehensive investigation of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, propylene glycol, polysorbate 80, and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin for use in general toxicology studies.
PubMed:Improvement of L(+)-lactic acid production from cassava wastewater by Lactobacillus rhamnosus B 103.
PubMed:Production and properties of nanocellulose-reinforced methylcellulose-based biodegradable films.
PubMed:Stabilization of phase inversion temperature nanoemulsions by surfactant displacement.
PubMed:Anti-yeast activity of a food-grade dilution-stable microemulsion.
PubMed:Trypsin from the processing waste of the lane snapper (Lutjanus synagris) and its compatibility with oxidants, surfactants and commercial detergents.
PubMed:Characterization of bacteriocins produced by two strains of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from Beloura and Chouriço, traditional pork products from Portugal.
PubMed:In situ modification of bacterial cellulose network structure by adding interfering substances during fermentation.
PubMed:Microbial inhibitory and radical scavenging activities of cold-pressed terpeneless Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis) oil in different dispersing agents.
PubMed:Thirteen-week Intravenous Toxicity Study of a Novel Humanized Anti-Human Death Receptor 5 Monoclonal Antibody, CS-1008, in Cynomolgus Monkeys.
PubMed:Influence of linolenic acid content on the oxidation of milk fat.
PubMed:Performance of a Metarhizium anisopliae-treated semiochemical-baited trap in reducing Amblyomma variegatum populations in the field.
PubMed:Characterization of a bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus sakei R1333 isolated from smoked salmon.
PubMed:Modification to the renneting functionality of casein micelles caused by nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:Optimization of mono and diacylglycerols production from enzymatic glycerolysis in solvent-free systems.
PubMed:Clostridium difficile in raw products of animal origin.
PubMed:Different effects of scopolamine and inhibition of prolyl oligopeptidase on mnemonic and motility functions of young and 8- to 9-month-old rats in the radial-arm maze.
PubMed:Inactivation of Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) in infant formula using lactic acid, copper sulfate and monolaurin.
PubMed:Determination of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and iron in emulsified egg samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.
PubMed:Anion-exchange filtration and real-time PCR for the detection of a norovirus surrogate in food.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of a food-grade fully dilutable microemulsion against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Impact of surfactant properties on oxidative stability of beta-carotene encapsulated within solid lipid nanoparticles.
PubMed:Bacteriocin production by Pediococcus pentosaceus isolated from marula (Scerocarya birrea).
PubMed:[Effect of additives on absorption of Coptis chinensis total alkaloids and pharmacokinetics in mice].
PubMed:Effects of acute alcohol consumption and vitamin E co-treatment on oxidative stress parameters in rats tongue.
PubMed:Preparation and pH stability of ferrous glycinate liposomes.
PubMed:Optimization of medium composition for nisin fermentation with response surface methodology.
PubMed:Influence of type of microorganism, food ingredients and food properties on high-pressure carbon dioxide inactivation of microorganisms.
PubMed:Characterization of anti-Listeria bacteriocins isolated from shellfish: potential antimicrobials to control non-fermented seafood.
PubMed:Effect of matrix elasticity on the continuous foaming of food models.
PubMed:Polysorbate 80 inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation and its cleavage by the secreted lipase LipA.
PubMed:[Protective effect of lutein against blue light-induced retinal damage in rat].
PubMed:Release properties of chemical and enzymatic crosslinked gelatin-gum Arabic microparticles containing a fluorescent probe plus vetiver essential oil.
PubMed:Ligandless cloud point extraction of Cr(III), Pb(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Bi(III), and Cd(II) ions in environmental samples with Tween 80 and flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination.
PubMed:Optimization of culture medium for the production of phenyllactic acid by Lactobacillus sp. SK007.
PubMed:[Study and application of determination of protein with meso-tetra-(3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl) porphyrin fading spectrophotometry].
PubMed:Antibacterial activities of naturally occurring compounds against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo [corrected] activity of eugenol oil (Eugenia caryophylata) against four important postharvest apple pathogens.
PubMed:The role of environmental factors and medium composition on bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) production by Enterococcus mundtii strains.
PubMed:Biobased surfactant-like molecules from organic wastes: the effect of waste composition and composting process on surfactant properties and on the ability to solubilize Tetrachloroethene (PCE).
PubMed:Vehicle-dependent disposition kinetics of fluoranthene in Fisher-344 rats.
PubMed:Development and antifungal evaluation of a food-grade U-type microemulsion.
PubMed:Electrostatic forces control nonspecific virus attachment to lettuce.
PubMed:Uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Trifolium pretense L. from water in the presence of a nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:Formulation of a cosurfactant-free O/W microemulsion using nonionic surfactant mixtures.
PubMed:Optimized culture conditions for bacteriocin production by Pediococcus acidilactici LAB 5 and its characterization.
PubMed:Nubsella zeaxanthinifaciens gen. nov., sp. nov., a zeaxanthin-producing bacterium of the family Sphingobacteriaceae isolated from freshwater.
PubMed:Interactions between iron, phenolic compounds, emulsifiers, and pH in omega-3-enriched oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Development of ascorbyl palmitate nanocrystals applying the nanosuspension technology.
PubMed:Production of endoglucanase by the native strains of Streptomyces isolates in submerged fermentation.
PubMed:Deinococcus misasensis and Deinococcus roseus, novel members of the genus Deinococcus, isolated from a radioactive site in Japan.
PubMed:Development of a self-emulsifying formulation that reduces the food effect for torcetrapib.
PubMed:Atmospheric plasma inactivation of foodborne pathogens on fresh produce surfaces.
PubMed:Functional properties of butter oil made from bovine milk with experimentally altered fat composition.
PubMed:Problems associated with traditional hygiene swabbing: the need for in-house standardization.
PubMed:Diversity of bacterial isolates from commercial and homemade composts.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of caffeine aqueous solutions and caffeine oleate emulsions against Drosophila melanogaster and Hypothenemus hampei.
PubMed:Antimicrobial effects of a microemulsion and a nanoemulsion on enteric and other pathogens and biofilms.
PubMed:Learned flavor preferences induced by intragastric administration of rewarding nutrients: role of capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent fibers.
PubMed:Characterization of two bacteriocins produced by Pediococcus acidilactici isolated from "Alheira", a fermented sausage traditionally produced in Portugal.
PubMed:Effect of coenzyme Q(10) incorporation on the characteristics of nanoliposomes.
PubMed:Growth of probiotic lactobacilli in the presence of oleic acid enhances subsequent survival in gastric juice.
PubMed:Toxicity of phenanthrene dissolved in nonionic surfactant solutions to Pseudomonas putida P2.
PubMed:Purification and kinetic characterization of a fructosyltransferase from Aspergillus aculeatus.
PubMed:Evaluation of inactivation methods for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in noncellular blood products.
PubMed:Phospholipid-based microemulsions suitable for use in foods.
PubMed:Study of immobilized and extracellular saccharase of watermelon.
PubMed:Studies and application of catalytic kinetic spectrophotometric determination of trace chromium(VI) sensitized by microemulsion medium.
PubMed:Susceptibility of Penicillium expansum spores to sodium hypochlorite, electrolyzed oxidizing water, and chlorine dioxide solutions modified with nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:Optimization in the preparation of coenzyme Q10 nanoliposomes.
PubMed:Optimization of a medium for enhancing nicotine biodegradation by Ochrobactrum intermedium DN2.
PubMed:Biochemical characterization of an extracellular polygalacturonase from Trichoderma harzianum.
PubMed:Effect of stabilizers on the shelf-life of Penicillium frequentans conidia and their efficacy as a biological agent against peach brown rot.
PubMed:Microemulsions as transdermal drug delivery vehicles.
PubMed:Chemical structures and biological activities of rhamnolipids produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa B189 isolated from milk factory waste.
PubMed:Enzymatic assay method for evaluating the lipase activity in complex extracts from transgenic corn seed.
PubMed:Lipolytic activity and radial daily growth rate changes during incubation of thermomyces lanuginosus on natural and synthetic fatty substrates.
PubMed:Enhanced lycopene production in Escherichia coli engineered to synthesize isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate from mevalonate.
PubMed:Nicotine carboxylate insecticide emulsions: effect of the fatty acid chain length.
PubMed:Identification and production of a bacteriocin from Enterococcus mundtii QU 2 isolated from soybean.
PubMed:Development of novel Alicyclobacillus spp. isolation medium.
PubMed:Effects of non-ionic surfactants on isotachophoretic separations of 2-arylpropionic acids.
PubMed:Characterization of a 3944 Da bacteriocin, produced by Enterococcus mundtii ST15, with activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
PubMed:Study of immobilized and extracellular aminopeptidases of watermelon.
PubMed:Production of bacteriocin-like inhibitory compounds by human fecal Bifidobacterium strains.
PubMed:Development of an IMS-PCR assay for the detection of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis in water.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a fructosyltransferase from onion bulbs and its key role in the synthesis of fructo-oligosaccharides in vivo.
PubMed:Stimulated microbial reductive dechlorination following surfactant treatment at the Bachman Road site.
PubMed:Factors affecting the antilisterial effects of nisin in milk.
PubMed:Purification, characterization and amino acid sequencing of divergicin M35: a novel class IIa bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium divergens M35.
PubMed:Determination of sixteen UV filters in suncare formulations by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Influence of emulsifier type and content on functional properties of polysaccharide lipid-based edible films.
PubMed:Delayed exacerbation of acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion-induced arrhythmia by tracheal instillation of diesel exhaust particles.
PubMed:Effect of the shear rate on pullulan production from beet molasses by Aureobasidium pullulans in an airlift reactor.
PubMed:Production, characterization and application of a thermostable polygalacturonase of a thermophilic mould Sporotrichum thermophile Apinis.
PubMed:Comparison of four methods for isolation of Yersinia enterocolitica from raw and pasteurized milk from northern Iran.
PubMed:Use of Tween 40 and Tween 80 to deliver a mixture of phytochemicals to human colonic adenocarcinoma cell (CaCo-2) monolayers.
PubMed:Five-component food-grade microemulsions: structural characterization by SANS.
PubMed:Immunodetection of the bacteriocin lacticin RM: analysis of the influence of temperature and Tween 80 on its expression and activity.
PubMed:1,8-cineole (eucalyptol), a monoterpene oxide attenuates the colonic damage in rats on acute TNBS-colitis.
PubMed:Ice cream structural elements that affect melting rate and hardness.
PubMed:Efficacy of detergents in removing Salmonella and Shigella spp. from the surface of fresh produce.
PubMed:Influence of inoculum preparation on the growth of Penicillium chrysogenum.
PubMed:Recovery of surface bacteria from and surface sanitization of cantaloupes.
PubMed:Simple and rapid analysis of endocrine disruptors in liquid medicines and intravenous injection solutions by automated in-tube solid-phase microextraction/high performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Survivability of Salmonella and Shigella spp. in sodium lauryl sulfate and tween 80 at 22 and 40 degrees C.
PubMed:Food-grade chemical and biological agents permeabilize red beet hairy roots, assisting the release of betalaines.
PubMed:Oral bioavailability of the antioxidant astaxanthin in humans is enhanced by incorporation of lipid based formulations.
PubMed:Effect of sulfuric and phosphoric acid pretreatments on enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover.
PubMed:A novel method for the reduction of numbers of Listeria monocytogenes cells by freezing in combination with an essential oil in bacteriological media.
PubMed:Effect of a surfactant, Tween 80, on the formation and secretion of chylomicrons in the rat.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of nickel, iron, and copper in margarine by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy after sample emulsification.
PubMed:Nesterenkonia lacusekhoensis sp. nov., isolated from hypersaline Ekho Lake, East Antarctica, and emended description of the genus Nesterenkonia.
PubMed:Effect of glucose on glycerol bioconversion by Lactobacillus reuteri.
PubMed:Effect of food-grade surfactant on bioremediation of explosives-contaminated soil.
PubMed:Combined effects of chemical, heat and ultrasound treatments to kill Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on alfalfa seeds.
PubMed:Optimization of some additives to improve protease production under SSF.
PubMed:Fats and fatty acids as growth factors for Lactobacillus delbrueckii.
PubMed:Combined effects of water activity, temperature and chemical treatments on the survival of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on alfalfa seeds.
PubMed:Factors influencing the detection and enumeration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on alfalfa seeds.
PubMed:Efficacy of chemical treatments in eliminating Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on scarified and polished alfalfa seeds.
PubMed:Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on strawberry fruit and reduction of the pathogen population by chemical agents.
PubMed:[Determination method of polysorbates in powdered soup by HPLC].
PubMed:Intracerebroventricular capsaicin and food intake in the rat.
PubMed:Oxygen requirements of the food spoilage yeast Zygosaccharomyces bailii in synthetic and complex media.
PubMed:Anaphylactic shock after intra-articular injection of carboxymethylcellulose.
PubMed:Elution, detection, and quantification of polio I, bacteriophages, Salmonella montevideo, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 from seeded strawberries and tomatoes.
PubMed:Comparison of aqueous chemical treatments to eliminate Salmonella on alfalfa seeds.
PubMed:Inhibition of Salmonella on poultry skin using protein- and polysaccharide-based films containing a nisin formulation.
PubMed:Efficacy of nisin-coated polymer films to inactivate Salmonella Typhimurium on fresh broiler skin.
PubMed:Beta-glucosidase from Chalara paradoxa CH32: purification and properties.
PubMed:Dynamic rheology of renneted milk gels containing fat globules stabilized with different surfactants.
PubMed:Lipase production by Penicillium restrictum using solid waste of industrial babassu oil production as substrate.
PubMed:Effect of sausage ingredients and additives on the production of enterocin A and B by Enterococcus faecium CTC492. Optimization of in vitro production and anti-listerial effect in dry fermented sausages.
PubMed:Fatty acid membrane composition and activation of glycine-betaine transport in Lactococcus lactis subjected to osmotic stress.
PubMed:Isolation of Yersinia from raw meat (pork and chicken) and precooked meat (porcine tongues and sausages) collected from commercial establishments in Mexico City.
PubMed:Production of sakacin P by Lactobacillus sakei in a completely defined medium.
PubMed:Estrogenic activity of glycitein, a soy isoflavone.
PubMed:Efficiency and protective effect of encapsulation of milk immunoglobulin G in multiple emulsion.
PubMed:Pullulan production from deproteinized whey by Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed:Comparison of three protocols for the isolation of Arcobacter from poultry.
PubMed:Involvement of lipids in ferriprotoporphyrin IX polymerization in malaria.
PubMed:Virus passage through track-etch membranes modified by salinity and a nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon oxidation by the white-rot fungus Bjerkandera sp. strain BOS55 in the presence of nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:The composition of NF-defined emulsifiers: sorbitan monolaurate, monopalmitate, monostearate, monooleate, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, and polysorbate 80.
PubMed:Maximization of cholesterol oxidase production by Rhodococcus equi no. 23 By using response surface methodology.
PubMed:Evidence for a bacteriocin-like substance produced by a new strain of Streptococcus sp., inhibitory to gram-positive food-borne pathogens.
PubMed:Virulence factors and pathogenicity of Vibrio vulnificus strains isolated from seafood.
PubMed:Nutritional factors that affect the production of cholesterol oxidase by Rhodococcus equi no. 23.
PubMed:Absorption, retention and urinary excretion of chromium-51 in rats pretreated with indomethacin and dosed with dimethylprostaglandin E2, misoprostol or prostacyclin.
PubMed:Inactivation of yeast and filamentous fungi by the lactoperoxidase-hydrogen peroxide-thiocyanate-system.
PubMed:Microbial sterility testing of oil-formulated bovine somatotropin using Tween 80 dispersion.
PubMed:Anaphylactic shock following povidone.
PubMed:Optimizing conditions for the growth of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018 in tryptone-yeast extract-glucose medium by using response surface methodology.
PubMed:[The NEFERM test in the identification of psychrotrophic bacteria isolated from milk and dairy products].
PubMed:[The NEFERM-Test for identification of psychrotrophic bacteria in food].
PubMed:Evaluation of diluents and media for enumerating Zygosaccharomyces rouxii in blueberry syrup.
PubMed:Minimized virus binding for tests of barrier materials.
PubMed:Effectiveness of a one-day procedure for recovery of Salmonella from milk powders.
PubMed:Ethanol self-administration in freely feeding and drinking rats: effects of Ro15-4513 alone, and in combination with Ro15-1788 (flumazenil).
PubMed:The benzodiazepine inverse agonist RO19-4603 exerts prolonged and selective suppression of ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring (P) rats.
PubMed:Factors that interact with the antibacterial action of thyme essential oil and its active constituents.
PubMed:Antilisterial activity of pediocin AcH in model food systems in the presence of an emulsifier or encapsulated within liposomes.
PubMed:Delayed effects of neonatal exposure to Tween 80 on female reproductive organs in rats.
PubMed:Development and use of a selective medium for isolation of Leuconostoc spp. from vegetables and dairy products.
PubMed:[Anaphylaxis caused by carboxymethylcellulose: report of 2 cases of shock from injectable corticoids].
PubMed:Direct contact membrane inoculation of yeasts and moulds for evaluating preservative efficacy in solid cosmetics.
PubMed:Purification and properties of the NADH reductase component of alkene monooxygenase from Mycobacterium strain E3.
PubMed:Influence of fat and emulsifiers on the efficacy of nisin in inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes in fluid milk.
PubMed:Isolation of parasites on fruits and vegetables.
PubMed:Metabolism of phenanthrene by Phanerochaete chrysosporium.
PubMed:Influence of Growth Conditions on the Production of a Bacteriocin, Pediocin AcH, by Pediococcus acidilactici H.
PubMed:Bioavailability of cyclandelate from capsules in beagle dogs and dissolution rate: correlations with bioavailability in humans.
PubMed:Production and properties ofβ-glucosidase byNeurospora sitophila.
PubMed:Interspecies variations in response to topical application of selected zinc compounds.
PubMed:Comparison of enrichment and plating media for isolation of Yersinia.
PubMed:Aroclor 1254 treatment and fasting influences on rat liver mitochondrial carbamoyl phosphate synthesis with ADP and ATP.
PubMed:Extraction of light filth from whole leaves of alfalfa, lemon balm, papaya, and spearmint: collaborative study.
PubMed:Laboratory studies on salmonella-contaminated cheese involved in a major outbreak of gastroenteritis.
PubMed:The chorioallantoic membrane in irritation testing.
PubMed:Methodology for enumeration of coliphages in foods.
PubMed:Voluntary food consumption and gastric emptying in rats given intravenous Triton WR-1339.
PubMed:Extraction of light filth from unground marjoram: collaborative study.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic analysis of enviradene, a new antiviral agent, in plasma and its application in bioavailability studies in the dog.
PubMed:Determination of internal insect infestation of oats: collaborative study.
PubMed:Extraction of light filth from whole peppermint leaves: collaborative study.
PubMed:Improved enrichment for recovery of Shigella sonnei from foods.
PubMed:Effect of homogenization procedures on Escherichia coli counts in naturally contaminated cheese.
PubMed:Influence of surface-active food additives on the integrity and permeability of rat intestinal mucosa.
PubMed:Egg yolk-free Baird-Parker medium for the accelerated enumeration of foodborne Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Enterobacter sakazakii: a tween 80 esterase-positive representative of the genus Enterobacter isolated from powdered milk specimens.
PubMed:Inexpensive treatment of frozen dairy products for membrane filtration.
PubMed:Determination of internal insect infestation of wheat: collaborative study.
PubMed:Extraction and thrips and other whole or equivalent insects from frozen blackberries and raspberries: collaborative study.
PubMed:Extraction of light filth from ground allspice: collaborative study.
PubMed:Membrane filtration of dairy products for microbiological analysis.
PubMed:Biological characters and bacteriophage typing of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from chicken staphylococcosis and commercial balanced chicken food in Argentine.
PubMed:[Lipolytic activity from milk isolated strains of the species Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, Tsiklinsky 1899 (author's transl)].
PubMed:Mineral oil extraction of light filth from rubbed sage: collaborative study.
PubMed:Usefulness of the stomacher in a microbiological regulatory laboratory.
PubMed:Tween 80 medium for differentiating nonpigmented Serratia from other Enterobacteriaceae.
PubMed:Methods in coccidiosis research: separation of oocysts from faeces.
PubMed:Collaborative study of a method for the extraction of light filth from ground turmeric.
PubMed:Collaborative study of a method for the extraction of light filth from whole, cracked, or flaked and ground spices.
PubMed:A new selective medium for the isolation of Salmonellae other than Salmonella typhi.
PubMed:Assay for lipolytic and proteolytic activity using marine substrates.
PubMed:Death of Lactobacillus bulgaricus Resulting from Liquid Nitrogen Freezing.
PubMed:Microorganisms of the San Francisco sour dough bread process. II. Isolation and characterization of undescribed bacterial species responsible for the souring activity.
sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals. Emulsifier, surfactant in production of coarse cryst. NaCl, stabiliser, wetting agent in poultry scalds, colour diluent, flavour Polysorbate 80 is a nonionic surfactant and emulsifier derived from polyethoxylated sorbitan and oleic acid, and is often used in foods. Polysorbate 80 is a viscous, water-soluble yellow liquid. (Wikipedia)
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