BT

Typical G.C. analysis

<
acacia absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
3034.36para- anisaldehyde
230.13  anisyl acetate
35.98  benzaldehyde
27trace  benzothiazole
360.18  benzyl 2-methyl propionate
160.75  benzyl acetate
60.01  benzyl alcohol
450.09  benzyl benzoate
420.13  citronellyl acetate
280.37beta- cyclocitral
340.09  decanol
540.02  dibutyl phthalate
570.09  docosane
290.15  dodecane
550.40  eicosane
500.11  ethyl para-anisate
330.18  ethyl salicylate
325.57  geranial
3119.45  geraniol
220.56  geranyl acetate
561.76  heneicosane
440.51  heptadecane
490.68alpha- ionone
521.34beta- ionone
80.20  limonene
140.86  linalool
130.31(Z)- linalool oxide
212.02 methyl 2,6-dihydrobenzoate
510.59 methyl 6-methoxysalicylate
120.09  methyl benzoate
10.22  methyl cyclohexane
413.833-methyl dec-3-enol
370.923-methyl dec-4-enol
40.18  methyl heptenone
38trace1- methyl naphthalene
350.022- methyl naphthalene
430.31  methyl para-anisate
400.042- methyl propyl benzoate
2694.40  methyl salicylate
51.06  myrcene
252.50  naphthalene
200.66  neryl acetate
486.25  nonadecane
150.13(E,Z)-2,6- nonadienal
170.20(E)-2- nonenal
190.20(E)-2- nonen-1-ol
181.43(Z)-3- nonen-1-ol
100.59(E)-ocimene
90.18(Z)- ocimene
460.15  octadecane
20.04  octane
110.03  octanol
530.26  pentadecane
240.22  tetradecane
580.37  tricosane
390.31  tridecane
70.072,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
470.266,10,14- trimethyl pentadecanone
590.112,6,6- trimethyl-2-hydroxycyclohexylidene acetic acid lactone

R. A. Flath, T. R. Mon, G. Lorenz, V. J. Whitten and J. W. Mackley, Volatile components of Acacua ap. Blossoms. J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1167-1170 (1983).

P&F 9, No. 4, 35, (1984)

allamanda cathartica flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
118.70  benzyl isothiocyanate
180.30  bicyclogermacrene
190.10delta- cadinene
1515.70beta- caryophyllene
120.30alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
130.60beta- cubebene
9trace  cumin alcohol
2120.20  dendrolasin
140.50beta- elemene
80.10  geraniol
171.70  germacrene D
160.90alpha- humulene
439.30  linalool
30.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
20.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
7trace  nerol
200.10(E)- nerolidol
10.30  phenyl acetaldehyde
60.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

artemisia dracunculus herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
8trace1,8- cineole
11tracepara- cymene
21trace  elemicin
192.1  eugenol
17trace  geraniol
70.8  limonene
13trace  linalool
1586.4  methyl chavicol
180.8  methyl eugenol
20trace  methyl isoeugenol
50.1  myrcene
160.1  nerol
93.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
103.3(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
1tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
14trace  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene

E. Werker, E. Putievsky, U. Ravid, N. Dudai and I. Katzir, Glandular hairs, secretoy cavities and essential oils in leaves of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.), J. Herbs, Spices Med. Plants, 2(3), 19-32 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

artemisia pallens wall. herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
231.5 artemone
70.5  borneol
260.8gamma- cadinene
1trace  camphene
322.0  cinnamyl cinnamate
30.8para- cymene
191.5  davana ether
15tracenor-davana ether
211.0(E)- davana furan
220.5(Z)- davana furan
342.5 davanic acid
200.8  davanol
135.0(E)-davanone
1438.0(Z)-davanone
123.0iso davanone
81.5nor- davanone
242.0nor-diterpenoid furan
100.7 ethyl davanate
270.5  farnesol
175.0  geraniol
332.011-hydroxy-8-oxo-9,10-dehydro-10,11-dihydronerolidol
292.0(E)- hydroxydavanone
303.0(Z)-hydroxydavanone
250.5 hydroxydihydrorose furan
180.5 lilac alcohol
90.5  lilac aldehyde
40.5  linalool
110.5  linalool oxide
51.52alpha-(3-methyl but-2-enyl)-4-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran
61.02beta-(3-methyl but-2-enyl)-4-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran
1610.0  nerol
310.58-oxonerolidol
2trace  sabinene
281.5a sesquiterpene alcohol furan

L. N. Misra, A. Chandra and R. S. Thakur, Fragrant components of oil from Artemisia pallens. Phytochemistry, 30, 549-552 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
910.70  aromadendrene
106.00  cadinene
111.30  chamazulene
34.001,8- cineole
713.30  citral
88.00  geraniol
18.70  hexanal
217.40alpha- phellandrene
45.30alpha- terpinene
52.70beta- thujone
62.00  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
620.201,6-epoxyeudesm-4(15)-ene
690.10endo-1,5-epoxysalvial-4(15)-ene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
720.2010-epi-globulol
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
930.20(E)-5-hydroxynerolidol
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
680.204-epi-maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
920.104-methyl-6-isopropyl-1-tetralone
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.10allo- aromadendrene
160.30  bicyclogermacrene
140.10beta- caryophyllene
40.10exo-iso citral
50.30  citronellal
130.10beta- elemene
1248.50  geranial
72.30iso geranial
100.80  geraniol
170.10  germacrene B
30.50  linalool
10.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.40  myrcene
942.50  neral
61.20iso neral
80.20  nerol
110.20  piperitone
180.10  spathulenol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 735, (2000)
bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace8,9-didehydronootkatone
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

boronia megastigma nees absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.102-acetoxylinalool A + tridecane + methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
580.02 acetvanillone + (E)-beta-farnesene
320.45(E)-anethole + safrol + nonanoic acid
87trace apiole
48.015 benzyl 3-methyl butyrate + (Z)-retro-gamma-ionone
40.01  benzyl alcohol
970.06  benzyl benzoate
880.20beta-bisabolol + tetradecanol
340.10isobornyl acetate + menthyl acetate
400.02trans-carvyl acetate + (E)-linalool
540.04beta- caryophyllene
730.09  caryophyllene oxide
120.01  chrysanthenone
651.20sesqui cineole
86trace  coniferyl methyl ether
410.07 cyclic beta-ionone
470.03 decanoic acid + benzyl 2-methyl butyrate + (Z)-retro-gamma-ionone
220.012- decanol
310.06 decanol + 5-hydroxylinalool B + methyl 2-isobutyroxy-3-methyl valerate
210.602-decanone + 7-hydroxyhotrienol
570.657,8-dihydro-beta-ionol + (Z)-retro-alpha-ionone
551.307,8- dihydro-beta-ionone
630.06 dihydroactinodiolide + undecyl acetate
230.01 dodecane + lilac alcohol
500.042- dodecanol
763.80 dodecyl acetate + 8-hydroxylinalyl isobutyrate
108trace  eicosane
420.01delta- elemene
700.097,11-epoxymegastigm-5(6)-en-9-one
490.01  ethyl decanoate
950.08(E,E)- farnesol
28trace  geraniol
460.70 geranyl acetate + vanillin
56trace  geranyl acetone
1114.30(E)-4-(geranyl oxy) cinnamic acid
1061.90(Z)-4-(geranyl oxy) cinnamic acid
90.02  guaiacol
940.70  heptadecane
770.04  hexadecane
590.03alpha- humulene
750.03  humulene oxide I
850.303- hydroxy-beta-ionone
430.208- hydroxylinalool
910.108-hydroxylinalyl 2-methyl butyrate
1132.208-hydroxylinalyl decanoate
1160.308-hydroxylinalyl dodecanoate
1050.308-hydroxylinalyl heptanoate
1091.808-hydroxylinalyl heptanoate
920.108-hydroxylinalyl isovalerate
1120.708-hydroxylinalyl nonanoate
690.208-hydroxylinalyl propionate
990.308-hydroxylinalyl tiglate
1181.408-hydroxylinalyl tridecanoate
980.098-hydroxylinalyl valerate
802.40(E)-3-hydroxymegastigm-7-en-9-one
680.03(Z)-3-hydroxymegastigm-7-en-9-one
1070.09N-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl) 2-methyl butyramide
1100.20N-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl) tiglamide
1159.30N-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl) tiglamide + methyl (Z)-4-(geranyl oxy) cinnamate
840.154-oxo-beta- ionol
520.30beta-ionol + 4,5-epoxy-gamma-homocyclocitral
710.64(E,E)-pseudo- ionone
450.05(Z)-alpha-ionone + (Z)-carvyl acetate
530.04(E)-alpha-ionone + 2,6-dimethyl-4-methyl phenol
6114.90(E)-beta-ionone + alpha-curcumene + 5,6-epoxy-beta-ionone
670.02  italicene ether
820.35delta-jasmonic acid lactone (syn) + 4-hydroxy-beta-ionone
890.70delta-jasmonic acid lactone )anti) + methyl curcubate
50.45  limonene
290.20 linalyl acetate + 5-hydroxylinalool A
740.30(E)-megastigm-7-en-3,9-dione
140.15para-mentha-1,3,8-triene + camphor
30.06para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
1176.70 methyl (E)-4-(geranyl oxy) cinnamate
960.50  methyl (E)-4-hydroxycinnamate
830.70  methyl (Z)-epi-jasmonate
791.20 methyl (Z)-jasmonate + (E)-3-hydroxymegastigm-7-en-9-one
10.10 methyl 1-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate + beta-pinene
440.20 methyl 2-(2-methyl butyoxy)-3-methyl valerate + neryl acetate
150.06 methyl 2-acetoxy-3-methyl valerate
810.70 methyl 2,3-di-epi-curcubate + 4-oxo-beta-ionone
9014.60 methyl 3-epi-curcubate + (Z)-8-heptadecene
18tracepara- methyl acetophenone
240.01  methyl nonanoate
130.01  methyl octanoate
1040.02  methyl palmitate
20.40 myrcene + octanal
250.20 nerol + (E)-tagetenone
1030.08  nonadecane
100.75 nonanal + linalool + hotrienol + 2-phenethyl alcohol
19trace  nonanol
110.082- nonanol
70.07(E)-beta- ocimene
60.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
1010.03  octadecane
200.07  octanoic acid
80.03  octanol
640.16 pentadecane + isoitalicene ether
102trace  pentadecyl acetate
620.05endoperoxide of cyclic beta-ionone
660.02beta-sesqui phellandrene
30traceisopiperitenone + geranial
270.01  piperitone
720.55 spathulenol + (E)-9-hydroxymegastigm-7-en-3-one
780.09 syringl methyl ether + zingerone
260.30(Z)-tagetenone + anisaldehyde
160.02(E)- tagetone
170.03(Z)- tagetone
35trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
510.02  tetradecane
1000.50  tetradecyl acetate
370.03 theaspirane A + 2-undecanol
392.40 theaspirane B + 2-acetoxylinalool B + methyl decanoate
1140.03  tricosane
930.15  tridecyl acetate
360.05  undecanal
601.00 undecanoic acid + 8-hydroxyl linalyl acetate + dodecanol + 2-phenethyl isovalerate + benzyl tiglate
330.052-undecanone + bornyl acetate

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, W-R. Bork, R. Rilk, S. Schneider and H-C. Wahlburg, Constituents of the absolute of Boronia megastigma Nees from Tasmania. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 297-311 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

cananga odorata oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
 10.84  benzyl acetate
 0.35  benzyl alcohol
 3.82  benzyl benzoate
 0.03  benzyl salicylate
 6.66delta-cadinene + nerol
 35.18beta-caryophyllene + methyl benzoate
 0.03  cinnamic alcohol
 1.21meta-cresol + para-cresol + cinnamaldehyde
 8.94para-cresyl acetate + meta-cresyl acetate
 2.14para- cresyl methyl ether
 1.29  eugenol
 1.24  farnesol
 0.44  farnesyl acetate
 1.58  geraniol
 9.74alpha- humulene
 1.84  linalool
 1.55  methyl anthranilate
 0.43  methyl eugenol
 0.17  myrcene
 0.15  nerolidol
 0.06alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.03alpha- terpinene
 0.07gamma- terpinene
 7.76alpha-terpineol + unknown
cardamomum officinale seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
527.001,8- cineole
100.40  geraniol
120.60  geranyl acetate
42.30  limonene
63.90  linalool
91.50  linalyl acetate
131.50  nerolidol
10.70alpha- pinene
24.30beta- pinene
32.80  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
85.90alpha- terpineol
1140.90alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.04  allyl levulinate
 0.02allo- aromadendrene
 0.22iso borneol
 0.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.02nor bornyl acetate
 0.06iso bornyl propionate
 0.08delta- cadinene
 0.84  camphor
 2.28trans- carveol
 4.91cis- carveol
 2.07  carvone
 0.16  carvone oxide
 2.09beta- caryophyllene
 0.04beta- copaene
 0.03para- cymene
 0.71  dihydrocarveol
 5.00  geranial
 0.04  geranic acid
 4.30  geraniol
 0.24alpha- guaiene
 0.02  lavandulyl acetate
 32.50  limonene
 0.07  linalool
 0.21(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 4.00(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
 1.64  menthol
 0.03 methyl undecanal
 0.03  myrcene
 0.41  nerol
 0.01  neryl acetate
 0.02  neryl formate
 0.15  perillyl alcohol
 0.01alpha- phellandrene
 0.09alpha- pinene
 0.06beta- pinene
 26.70trans- pinocarveol
 3.54iso pulegol
 0.08iso pulegyl acetate
 0.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.83alpha- terpinene
 0.03gamma- terpinene
 0.26alpha- thujene
 0.14  undecanal
 1.21(E)- verbenol
cinnamomum tamala oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  benzaldehyde
20.10  camphene
110.70  caryophyllene
60.901,8- cineole
73.20para- cymene
1578.00  eugenol
141.20  eugenyl acetate
120.10  geraniol
50.70  limonene
80.20  linalool
130.50  methyl eugenol
40.30  myrcene
11.50alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
100.30alpha- terpineol

B. C. Gulati, Essential oils of cinnamomum species in Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants. Edit. C. K. Atal and B. M. Kapur, R. R. L., Council of Scientific & Indust. Research (1982).

P&F 8, No. 4, 65, (1983)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02-0.03  benzaldehyde
230.78-1.63  benzyl benzoate
40.02-0.10  camphene
100.71-2.221,8- cineole
1777.24-81.47  cinnamaldehyde
215.27-6.58 cinnamyl acetate + beta-caryophyllene
90.36-0.78para- cymene
201.82-2.31  eugenol
221.51-2.02  eugenyl acetate
180.00-0.12  geraniol
110.17-0.42  limonene
140.84-1.61  linalool
70.00-0.02  myrcene
30.06-0.21alpha- pinene
60.03-0.11beta- pinene
50.02-0.03  sabinene
190.00-0.02  safrole
80.04-0.23  salicylaldehyde
150.14-0.19  terpinen-4-ol
120.01-0.03gamma- terpinene
160.19-0.35alpha- terpineol
130.01-0.04  terpinolene
10.01-0.08alpha- thujene

F. Tateo and F. Chizzini, The Composition and Quality of Supercntical CO2 Extracted Cinnamon. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 165-168 ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
60.1  acetophenone
1410.26- acetoxy-11-nor-drim-7-en-9-one
720.27- acetyl-2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(4.2.0)octane
1190.16-acetyl-5,8,8-trimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octan-2,3-dione
1490.213-nor- ambreinolide
1480.18-epi-13-nor- ambreinolide
780.2alpha- ambrinol
1371.4  ambrox
1440.16-oxo-isoambrox
810.9  aromadendr-1-ene
1350.3  aromadendr-1(10)-en-9-one
911.41,5-(Z)-aromadendr-9-ene
1320.11,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
1300.15-epi-1,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
861.5allo- aromadendrene
b30.4  benzoic acid
272.0  borneol
551.7  bornyl acetate
b210.93-iso butenyl-5-methyl-5-vinyl butyrolactone
1260.5  cadalene
980.4delta- cadinene
1250.6alpha- cadinol
1000.6alpha- calacorene
990.6(E)- calamenene
900.5(Z)- calamenene
b91.4gamma-campholenic acid
150.3alpha- campholenic aldehyde
100.3gamma- campholenic aldehyde
b70.3alpha-campholytic acid
b40.2gamma-campholytic acid
b52.4 camphonanic acid
b122.1alpha-camphoneic acid
180.1  camphor
600.8  carvacrol
480.2  carvenone
410.2trans- carveol
430.1cis- carveol
460.5  carvone
1380.1sesqui chamaenol
1171.8  copaborneol
1270.6  copabornyl acetate
741.1alpha- copaene
820.7  cubeb-11-ene
1134.1  cubeban-11-ol
1210.41-epi- cubenol
440.1  cuminaldehyde
b111.0beta- cyclogeranic acid
b80.9gamma-cyclogeranic acid
530.3para- cymen-7-ol
30.4para- cymene
b130.7 davanic acid
390.2  decanal
b203.8  decanoic acid
1060.21,2- dehydroglobulol
1180.33,4- dehydroglobulol
1100.21-epi-3,4- dehydroviridiflorol
1041.41,2- dehydroviridiflorol
1460.214,15- di-nor-8,13-epoxylabd-12-ene
790.1  dihydro-beta-ionene
940.2  dihydroactinidiolide
370.5neo dihydrocarveol
b156.5  dihydrocinnamic acid
b241.7 dimethyl (Z)-2-hexyl-3-methyl butendioic acid
490.22,4- dimethyl acetophenone
91.0alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
970.24,7- dimethyl tetral-1-one
b141.22,6- dimethyl-5-oxoheptanoic acid
770.2  dodecanal
700.111-nor- drim-7-ene
1390.1  drim-8-en-7-one
690.211-nor- drim-8-ene
1010.311-nor- driman-8-ol
1020.2beta- elemol
351.3  elsholtzia ketone
1360.25,11- epoxycadin-1(10)-en-9-ol
1080.85,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene
80.86,8- epoxymenth-1-ene
640.1  ethyl dihydrocinnamate
1240.4beta- eudesmol
1220.2gamma- eudesmol
651.6  eugenol
450.2alpha- fenchyl acetate
760.11-( fur-2-yl methyl)-2-formyl pyrrole
b192.4  geranic acid
510.2  geraniol
800.1  geranyl acetone
1090.5  gleenol
1110.2  globulol
b20.5  heptanoic acid
b10.7  hexanoic acid
1330.1(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl dihydrocinnamate
1340.3  hexyl dihydrocinnamate
590.1(2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl hepta-2,4-dienal
32trace2- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
660.22- hydroxy-4-isopropenyl toluene
680.2(E)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
710.3(Z)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
1400.110- hydroxycalamene-8,9-epoxide
1310.19- hydroxyladanifer-10-one(9(10(1))-abeo-9-hydroxyaromadendran-10-one)
500.42- hydroxypinan-3-one
870.2(E)-beta- ionone
1420.615-nor-labd-1(17)-ene
1530.4  labd-7-en-15-ol
1450.515-nor- labd-7-ene
b316.3 labd-7-enoic acid
1540.3  labd-8-en-15-ol
1430.515-nor-labd-8-ene
b324.0 labd-8-enoic acid
1520.4  labd-8(17)-en-15-ol
b305.1 labd-8(17)-enoic acid
1470.715-nor-labdan-8-ol
b232.5  lauric acid
929.3  ledene
730.2iso ledene
1161.3  ledol
120.2  linalool
70.4(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.2(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
b281.0  linoleic acid
1500.3  manoyl oxide
1510.313-epi- manoyl oxide
850.1  massoia lactone
400.3(Z)-para- menth-4(8)-en-2-ol
620.12- methoxy-6-methyl acetophenone
290.3para- methyl acetophenone
521.0  methyl dihydrocinnamate
750.4  methyl eugenol
10.25- methyl furfural
20.16- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1200.3  muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-ol
1230.3alpha- muurolol
b252.7  myristic acid
330.9  myrtenal
b186.0  myrtenic acid
361.5  myrtenol
581.1  naginata ketone
220.2  nerol oxide
1030.2(E)- nerolidol
130.1  nonanal
b101.6  nonanoic acid
170.7(E)-3- nonen-2-one
b63.7  octanoic acid
b271.2  oleic acid
1150.1beta- oplopenone
b265.1  palmitic acid
1051.2  palustrol
1290.1  pentadecanal
420.13- phenyl propanol
231.5  pinocamphone
280.7iso pinocamphone
191.8trans- pinocarveol
240.3  pinocarvone
630.4trans- pinocarvyl acetate
470.8  piperitone
250.1  propiophenone
1280.24-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
160.1(E)- rose oxide
140.2(Z)- rose oxide
200.1(E)- sabinol
b290.8  stearic acid
210.2(E)- tagetone
260.2(Z)- tagetone
310.8  terpinen-4-ol
340.5alpha- terpineol
1140.1  tetradecanal
890.61,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
950.21,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
540.2  thymol
1070.26-para-tolyl heptan-2-one
880.1  tridecanal
b160.71,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid A
b171.91,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid B
50.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
41.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
930.21-(1,2,2- trimethyl cyclopent-1-yl) pentan-1,4-dione
960.26,6,10-trimethyl decan-2-one
300.52,2,5- trimethyl oxepan-4-one
670.21,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
830.14,4,7a- trimethyl-1,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-2H-inden-2-one
840.1  tuberolactone
610.2  undecanal
b220.3  undecanoic acid
380.3  verbenone
1124.3  viridiflorol
560.2  vitispirane A
570.1  vitispirane B

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, M. Weirauch, K. Thefeld and H. Surburg, Constituents of commercial labdanum oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 295-318 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
70.40delta-3- carene
260.70beta- caryophyllene
200.50  citronellal
13tracepara- cymene
210.20  decanal
19tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
2940.00  geranial
330.60  geraniol
300.50  geranyl acetate
15trace  hexanol
10trace(E)-2- hexenal
17trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
824.70  limonene
220.80  linalool
23trace  linalyl acetate
61.00  myrcene
2823.80  neral
320.20  nerol
18trace  nonanal
121.40(E)-beta- ocimene
90.10beta- phellandrene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
240.10iso pulegol
52.30  sabinene
310.10beta- selinene
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI. Composition of leaf oil from ten Citrus taxa and some intrageneric hybrids Bull. Brew. Sci., 18, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
340.05beta- cubebene
210.11  decanal
280.05  decanol
320.02  decyl acetate
310.01  dodecanal
350.01beta- elemene
270.11  geranial
250.11  geraniol
1094.27  limonene
180.78  linalool
160.05(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.88  myrcene
240.03  neral
230.06  nerol
360.07(E)- nerolidol
300.04  neryl acetate
120.23(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.08  octanal
140.33  octanol
220.05  octyl acetate
260.03  perillaldehyde
80.02alpha- phellandrene
20.40alpha- pinene
50.33beta- pinene
40.08  sabinene
190.06  terpinen-4-ol
130.02gamma- terpinene
200.26alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
290.03alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium var. amara absolute morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.6-15.4  farnesol
120.0-2.0  geraniol
100.0-1.3  geranyl acetate
182.6-9.9  indole
30.0-3.6  limonene
534.0-48.0  linalool
614.0-21.0  linalyl acetate
161.0-4.3  methyl anthranilate
20.0-0.5  myrcene
110.0-1.1  nerol
154.9-8.9  nerolidol
90.0-0.7  neryl acetate
40.0-2.2(E)-beta- ocimene
130.0-2.12- phenethyl alcohol
10.0-2.7beta- pinene
70.0-0.8  terpinen-4-ol + beta-caryophyllene
81.5-3.7alpha- terpineol

M. J. Prager and M. A. Miskiewicz, Gas chromatographic/mass Spectrometric analysis identification and detection of adulteration of perfumery products from bitter orange. trees. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., 64, 131-136 (1981).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus aurantium var. amara flower water absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.0-1.9  farnesol
123.8-7.6  geraniol
100.0-1.1  geranyl acetate
180.0-3.2  indole
20.0-2.2  limonene
540.0-53.0  linalool
31.0-3.7(E)- linalool oxide
40.6-2.3(Z)- linalool oxide
60-2.4  linalyl acetate
162.0-11.4  methyl anthranilate
111.7-2.7  nerol
150.0-1.5  nerolidol
90.0-0.6  neryl acetate
130.9-3.92- phenethyl alcohol
10.0-1.1beta- pinene
70.6-2.0 terpinen-4-ol + beta-caryophyllene
813.0-22.0alpha- terpineol

M. J. Prager and M. A. Miskiewicz, Gas chromatographic/mass Spectrometric analysis identification and detection of adulteration of perfumery products from bitter orange. trees. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., 64, 131-136 (1981).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus bigaradia oil
An oil produced from the flowers of the bitter orange tree was analyzed by a combination of GC/MS and retention indices (Lin et al., 1986). The oil was found to possess the following composition.
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.02  camphene
250.13beta- caryophyllene
29trace  farnesol
170.04  geranial
15trace  geraniol
232.15  geranyl acetate
26tracealpha- humulene
69.13  limonene
950.46  linalool
80.15(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.09(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
210.07(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1618.39  linalyl acetate
19trace  methyl anthranilate
27tracegamma- muurolene
56.26  myrcene
140.50  neral
13trace  nerol
301.09(E)- nerolidol
280.64(Z)- nerolidol
221.09  neryl acetate
24trace  nonanal
73.91beta- ocimene
20.28alpha- pinene
40.53beta- pinene
12tracetrans- pinocarveol
100.11  terpinen-4-ol
114.75alpha- terpineol
20tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

Z-K. Lin, Y-F. Hua and Y-H. Gu, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the flowers, leaves and peels of Citrus aurantium. Zhiwu Xuebao, 28, 635-640 (1966).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus bigaradia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
80.04para- cymene
350.44(E,Z)- farnesol
220.40  geraniol
271.17  geranyl acetate
140.04  hexyl acetate
310.45  indole
280.15(Z)- jasmone
911.50  limonene
1734.60  linalool
160.16(E)- linalool oxide
150.22(Z)- linalool oxide
2323.60  linalyl acetate
320.98  methyl anthranilate
290.03(Z)- methyl jasmonate
61.11  myrcene
210.23  nerol
341.21(E)- nerolidol
260.79  neryl acetate
114.54(E)-beta- ocimene
100.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.182- phenethyl acetate
180.642- phenethyl alcohol
20.46alpha- pinene
58.79beta- pinene
41.10  sabinene
190.14  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
120.06gamma- terpinene
201.13alpha- terpineol
130.16  terpinolene
250.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and H. Boelens, Differences in chemical and sensory properties of orange flower and rose oils obtained from hydrodistillation and from supercritical CO, extraction. Perfum, Flavor., 22(3), 31-35 (1997).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.10  carveol
350.31beta- caryophyllene
330.06alpha- copaene
230.22  decanal
220.03  decanol
34trace  dodecanal
37trace2- dodecenal
290.08  geranial
28trace  geraniol
320.08  geranyl acetate
360.03alpha- humulene
993.05  limonene
190.45  linalool
180.66  linalool oxide
61.76  myrcene
270.06  neral
260.03  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.07  nonanal
160.02  nonanol
380.54  nootkatone
110.24(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.23  octanal
130.07  octanol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.42alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
200.04iso pulegol
41.20  sabinene
210.09  terpinen-4-ol
80.01alpha- terpinene
120.02gamma- terpinene
240.20alpha- terpineol
15trace  terpinolene
300.04alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

G. Ruberto, D. Biondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, an new Citrus hybrid. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
240.05  carveol
360.18beta- caryophyllene
330.04alpha- copaene
230.26  decanal
290.01  decanol
35trace  decyl acetate
340.02  dodecanal
380.032- dodecenal
280.10  geranial
270.01  geraniol
320.05  geranyl acetate
370.02alpha- humulene
1093.59  limonene
180.25  linalool
150.23(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.81  myrcene
260.06  neral
250.02  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.06  nonanal
20trace  nonanol
390.13  nootkatone
120.29(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.58  octanal
140.14  octanol
80.05alpha- phellandrene
20.51alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
190.06iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
210.17  terpinen-4-ol
90.24alpha- terpinene
130.07gamma- terpinene
220.14alpha- terpineol
160.02  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. red blush oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.05  carveol
370.17beta- caryophyllene
340.04alpha- copaene
110.18para- cymene
240.26  decanal
300.02  decanol
36trace  decyl acetate
350.02  dodecanal
390.022- dodecenal
290.07  geranial
280.02  geraniol
330.06  geranyl acetate
380.02alpha- humulene
1293.70  limonene
190.20  linalool
160.21(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.86  myrcene
270.05  neral
260.03  nerol
320.01  neryl acetate
180.05  nonanal
21trace  nonanol
400.07  nootkatone
130.21(E)-beta- ocimene
60.34  octanal
150.14  octanol
80.07alpha- phellandrene
100.18beta- phellandrene
20.52alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
200.05iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
220.18  terpinen-4-ol
90.04alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
230.15alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata var. ponkan oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.37  carvacrol
130.20  carvone
191.86  cedrenol
112.24  citronellol
30.28para- cymene
100.36  decanal
150.74  geranial
140.30  geraniol
461.77  limonene
717.84  linalool
10.49  myrcene
120.33  neral
21.40  octanal
60.45  pentyl cyclopropane
180.53  perillaldehyde
170.18(Z)- terpine hydrate
81.49  terpinen-4-ol
52.62alpha- terpinene
93.81alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and N-H. Xia, Aromatic plants and essential constituents, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish, Co. Distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis oil terpeneless
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.60  citronellal
91.40  citronellol
811.50  decanal
152.00  dodecanal
160.60  elemol
125.60  geranial
101.60  geraniol
20.80  limonene
527.90  linalool
114.50  neral
41.40  nonanal
191.40  nootkatone
14.80  octanal
32.90  octanol
130.80  perillaldehyde
180.80alpha- sinensal
171.30beta- sinensal
73.40alpha- terpineol
140.90  undecanal

A. Fleisher, G. Biza, N. Secord and J. Dono, Ultra-Tech Citrus Concentrates—A New Series of Deterpenified Citrus Oils. Perfum. Flav., 12(2), 57-61 (1987).

P&F 15, No. 6, 45, (1990)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
51.94para- cymene
92.87  geranial
100.68  geraniol
378.36  limonene
64.51  linalool
72.09  linalyl acetate
110.24  methyl anthranilate
22.23  myrcene
81.26  neral
10.68alpha- pinene
40.12alpha- terpinene

E. A. Omer, A. A. Youseff, E. N. Abo-Zied and A. M. Sharaby, Biochemical studies on the essential oils of Balady orange and mandarin. Egypt. J. Hort., 24, 207-218 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus x bergamia peel oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.28alpha- bergamotene
310.33delta- cadinene
20.02  camphene
240.05  citronellyl acetate
140.35para- cymene
200.04  decanal
301.432,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol + beta-bisabolene
260.07(Z)-beta- farnesene
340.04  geraniol
320.24  geranyl acetate
30.02  hexanal
100.01(E)-2- hexenal
832.28  limonene
2116.27  linalool
2237.39  linalyl acetate
170.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
280.05gamma- muurolene
60.78  myrcene
250.36  neral
330.03  nerol
290.02  neryl acetate
180.02  nonanal
130.14(E)-beta- ocimene
110.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
160.03  octanal
190.09  octyl acetate
90.15beta- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
43.02beta- pinene
50.55  sabinene
70.07alpha- terpinene
124.12gamma- terpinene
270.18alpha-terpineol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
150.18  terpinolene

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek and M. Tutas, Composition of cold-pressed bergamot oil from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 341-342 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.07  borneol
11.20  camphene
90.30beta- caryophyllene
40.301,8- cineole
71.20  decanal
140.40  geraniol
34.70  limonene
860.10 linalool + camphor
100.70  menthol
61.00  menthone
130.06  nerol
21.10beta- pinene
520.05gamma-terpinene + alpha-terpinene
110.23alpha- terpineol

A. S. Reis Machado, E. Gomes de Azevedo, M. Nunes da Ponte and R. M. A. Sardinha, High pressure carbon dioxide extraction from coriander plants. Headspace analysis. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 645-649 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.40  benzaldehyde
360.10  docosane
150.10  dodecane
2218.90  eugenol
240.10(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
2916.10(E,E)- farnesol
301.80(E,Z)- farnesol
271.50(Z,E)-2,6- farnesol
281.00(Z,Z)- farnesol
320.10(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
190.60  geranial
188.10  geraniol
230.40  geranyl acetate
351.60  heneicosane
330.20  hexadecanol
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
200.20  indole
30.30  limonene
821.50  linalool
60.30(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
210.10  methyl geranate
130.50  methyl salicylate
20.20  myrcene
310.40  myristic acid
170.40  neral
165.50  nerol
250.20(E)- nerolidol
90.90  nonanal
40.40(E)-beta- ocimene
100.10  octane thiol
50.20(E)-2- octen-1-al
343.50  palmitic acid
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
144.20alpha- terpineol
70.20  terpinolene
371.70  tricosane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 163, (2000)
croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
curcuma longa rhizome oil
hydrodistillation
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.25alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.21  sabinene
 0.26  myrcene
 0.20alpha- terpinene
 2.72  limonene
 1.09para- cymene
 0.55iso caryophyllene
 0.50beta- caryophyllene
 0.96beta- farnesene
 0.16  linalool
 0.36ar- curcumene
 0.17  perillyl alcohol
 1.54  neral
 1.13  geraniol
 1.08  eugenol
 0.81beta- ionone
 1.37iso eugenol
 3.63 turmerone
 59.69ar-turmerone
 1.92  methyl isoeugenol
 0.14  farnesol
curcuma longa root oil hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.50beta- caryophyllene
80.55iso caryophyllene
120.36ar- curcumene
71.09para- cymene
161.08  eugenol
181.37iso eugenol
100.96beta- farnesene
220.14  farnesol
151.13  geraniol
170.81beta- ionone
62.72  limonene
110.16  linalool
211.92  methyl isoeugenol
40.26  myrcene
141.54  neral
130.17  perillyl alcohol
10.25alpha- pinene
20.02beta- pinene
30.21  sabinene
50.20alpha- terpinene
193.63 turmerone
2059.69ar- turmerone

M. C. Nigam and A. Ahmed, Curcuma longa: terpenoid composition of its essential oil. Indian Perfum., 3, 255-257 (1991)

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene
111.10-1.20  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.10-0.30(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
11trace-0.30  bornyl acetate
150.10-0.30gamma- cadinene
16trace-0.10delta- cadinene
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
8trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
1445.30-56.20  geranial
203.00-5.60  geraniol
170.20-0.40  geranyl acetate
30.10-0.20  limonene
90.60-0.90  linalool
71.20-2.306- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
26.20-9.10  myrcene
1321.30-32.50  neral
190.20-0.40  nerol
50.20-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.10  sabinene
100.70-1.90  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.50beta- bisabolenol
200.10beta- caryophyllene
230.10  caryophyllene oxide
12<0.10  citronellol
180.30alpha-cyclogeraniol
80.302,2- dimethyl-3,4-octadienal
260.30(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
250.20(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
1519.50  geranial
90.10  geraniol
170.40  geranyl formate
71.50  linalool
6<0.10(E)- linalool oxide
5<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide
21.806- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
31.70  myrcene
1338.20  neral
190.70  neryl acetate
4<0.10iso phorone
10.10alpha- pinene
14<0.10  piperitone
100.20alpha- thujone
110.20beta- thujone
220.402- tridecanone
160.502- undecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 301, (2000)
cymbopogon citratus leaf oil cameroon
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  citronellol
745.90  geranial
82.50  geraniol
90.20  geranyl acetate
20.30  limonene
31.20  linalool
40.806- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
112.80  myrcene
633.50  neral

J-C. Chalchat, R-P. Garry, C. Menut, G. Lamaty, R. Malhuret and J. Chopineau, Correlation between chemical composition and antimicrobial activity V1 activity of some African essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 67-75 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.40trans- carveol
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
51.001,8- cineole
210.50  citronellol
300.10ar- curcumene
14trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
330.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
280.10alpha- fenchol
1839.80  geranial
261.40  geranic acid
253.30  geraniol
200.70  geranyl acetate
230.20  geranyl isobutyrate
40.20  limonene
101.30  linalool
80.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.20  menthone
170.60  methyl geranate
62.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.80  myrcene
130.30  myrtenyl acetate
1632.00  neral
270.10  neric acid
190.50  neryl acetate
11trace  octanal
9trace3- octanol
10.40alpha- pinene
290.30iso pulegol
150.90  pulegone
30.10alpha- terpinene
220.402- undecanone

A. Il. Idrissi, J. Bellakhbar, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R. Vila, Composition de L'huile essentielle de la citronelle (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) acclimatee et Maroc. Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 274-277 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.271,8- cineole
80.97  citronellol
30.06para- cymene
1150.48  geranial
104.37  geraniol
130.96  geranyl acetate
120.60  lavandulyl acetate
51.48  linalool
60.35iso menthone
10.426- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
22.34  myrcene
932.17  neral
70.60alpha- terpineol
140.322- tridecanone
P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
cymbopogon khasianus x c. pendulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.37beta- bisabolol
290.09delta- cadinene
130.53  camphor
270.36beta- caryophyllene
311.60  caryophyllene oxide
150.38  citronellal
250.08alpha- copaene
60.22para- cymene
190.26  decanal
260.13beta- elemene
300.14  elemol
2349.64  geranial
222.59  geraniol
242.81  geranyl acetate
10.08(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.19alpha- humulene
73.79  limonene
120.79  linalool
30.876- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.40  myrcene
2034.93  neral
90.13(E)-beta- ocimene
80.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.27alpha- phellandrene
20.06alpha- pinene
210.06  piperitone
161.23iso pulegol
170.15  terpinen-4-ol
100.04gamma- terpinene
180.06alpha- terpineol
140.17beta- terpineol
110.09  terpinolene
cymbopogon martini var. sofia oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.08iso amyl alcohol
90.08iso amyl butyrate
280.47iso amyl hexanoate
360.45iso amyl octanoate
30.06  camphene
170.07  camphor
253.05trans- carveol
230.68cis- carveol
293.20  carvone
380.04  caryophyllene oxide
110.13para- cresol
40.05 dehydro-1,8-cineole
210.28(E)- dihydrocarvone
340.10  eucarvone
300.04  geraniol
350.03  geranyl acetate
390.04  humulene oxide
830.09  limonene
160.16(Z)- limonene oxide
130.03  linalool
240.04para- menth-1-en-9-al
330.55para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
120.58para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
51.14para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
71.64para-mentha-1(7),2,8-triene
2712.14(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
1913.01(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
156.84(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
1411.09(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
262.63para- menthadienol
225.34para- menthadienol
201.70para-menthatrienol
180.076-methyl bicyclo(3.3.0)oct-2-en-7-one
400.03alpha- muurolol
370.09  nerolidol
100.02  octanol
320.21  perillaldehyde
20.02alpha- pinene
310.11iso piperitenone
60.02alpha- terpinene

M. H. Boelens, Sensory and chemical evaluation of tropical grass oils. Perfum. Flavor, 19(2), 29-45 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

darwinia citriodora (endl.) benth. leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.10allo- aromadendrene
180.20  aromadendrene
201.30  bicyclogermacrene
70.10  borneol
170.40beta- caryophyllene
110.30  geranial
100.10  geraniol
220.60  globulol
20.80  limonene
61.70  linalool
1537.40  methyl geranate
1441.00  methyl myrtenate
90.30  neral
210.60(E)- nerolidol
30.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
42.00(E)-beta- ocimene
17.80alpha- pinene
50.30gamma- terpinene
80.30alpha- terpineol
120.20 unknown a
130.30 unknown b
160.20 unknown c
232.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 58, (2001)
daucus carota sativa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
267.38  bisabolene
30.11  bornylene
151.99  camphor
289.85  carotol
238.77  carvone
80.301,8- cineole
253.50  daucene
165.92alpha- dihydro-alpha-terpineol
93.00  elemol
120.76alpha- fenchol
133.08beta- fenchol
110.61  fenchone
212.00  geraniol
242.00alpha- humulene
61.60  limonene
1414.90  linalool
188.35  linalyl acetate
240.69  methyl cinnamate
101.336- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
57.49  myrcene
174.022- nonenal
70.65beta- phellandrene
21.42alpha- pinene
410.93  sabinene
191.60  terpinen-4-ol
201.08alpha- terpineol
225.33alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.06alpha- thujene

R. K. Khanna, O. S. Sharma and A. Singh, The essential oil from the leaves of Daucus carota Linn var. sativa. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, New Delhi, Nov. 1989. Edits. S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, Vol. 4, 173-176, Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
80.02-0.03para-mentha-1(7),3,8-triene
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

elettaria cardamomum seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
538.801,8- cineole
100.20  geraniol
120.80  geranyl acetate
44.00  limonene
65.70  linalool
91.00  linalyl acetate
13trace  nerolidol
12.30alpha- pinene
26.20beta- pinene
34.20  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
83.40alpha- terpineol
1124.60alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

eucalyptus citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.39beta- caryophyllene
5trace1,8- cineole
980.10  citronellal
164.18  citronellol
140.02  citronellyl acetate
6tracepara- cymene
80.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
17trace  geraniol
18trace  globulol
4trace  limonene
100.66  linalool
3trace  myrcene
10.14alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
113.41iso pulegol
128.51iso(iso) pulegol
200.10  spathulenol
150.02alpha- terpineol
7trace  terpinolene
19trace  viridiflorol

D. J. Boland, J. J. Brophy and A. P. N. House, Eucalyptus leaf oils. Use, chemisty, distillation and marketing. Inkata Press, Melbourne (1991).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

eucalyptus globulus oil zambia
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.60  aromadendrene
770.101,8- cineole
110.80para- cymene
260.20alpha- eudesmol
270.40beta- eudesmol
250.10gamma- eudesmol
220.10  geranial
230.30  geraniol
14trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
13trace hexen-1-yl acetate
65.70  limonene
16trace  linalool
40.70  myrcene
20trace  neral
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
8trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
214.00alpha- pinene
30.70beta- pinene
190.30trans- pinocarveol
15trace  pinocarvone
180.40  terpinen-4-ol
5tracealpha- terpinene
90.50gamma- terpinene
211.90alpha- terpineol
12trace  terpinolene
10.60iso valeraldehyde
240.50  viridiflorol

E. Chisowa, Chemical composition of essential oils of three Eucalyptus species grown in Zambia. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 653--655 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

geranium leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.45beta- bourbonene
370.07gamma- cadinene
380.29  calamenene
310.45beta- caryophyllene
2023.59 citronellol + nerol
270.50  citronellyl acetate
234.19  citronellyl formate
451.40  citronellyl tiglate
290.17alpha- copaene
60.08para- cymene
425.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
440.38beta- eudesmol
400.10  furopelargone B
221.17  geranial
2123.00  geraniol
280.29  geranyl acetate
252.66  geranyl formate
470.04  geranyl heptanoate
410.19  geranyl isovalerate
330.09  geranyl propionate
461.61  geranyl tiglate
430.22  geranyl valerate
350.39  germacrene D
320.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
340.40alpha- humulene
70.18  limonene
1216.32  linalool
110.26(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
100.35(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.54  menthone
170.58iso menthone
360.89alpha- muurolene
50.27  myrcene
240.12  neryl formate
90.12(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
260.062- phenethyl acetate
140.132- phenethyl alcohol
390.772- phenethyl tiglate
30.20alpha- pinene
150.11(E)- rose oxide
130.74(Z)- rose oxide
40.36  sabinene
180.25  terpinen-4-ol
191.89alpha- terpineol

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil africa
#%LeftshiftComponents
622.90  citronellol
91.14  citronellyl butyrate
87.57  citronellyl formate
717.10  geraniol
111.08  geranyl acetate
131.65  geranyl butyrate
105.90  geranyl formate
122.55  geranyl tiglate
50.18  guaia-6,9-diene
45.26  linalool
20.88  menthone
35.38iso menthone
140.762- phenethyl tiglate
10.37(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
621.38  citronellol
91.26  citronellyl butyrate
88.37  citronellyl formate
717.45  geraniol
110.39  geranyl acetate
131.04  geranyl butyrate
107.55  geranyl formate
121.34  geranyl tiglate
53.90  guaia-6,9-diene
412.90  linalool
21.50  menthone
37.20iso menthone
140.432- phenethyl tiglate
10.21(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.18  furopelargone B
 1.42  citronellyl tiglate
 0.43beta- bourbonene
 0.39beta- caryophyllene
 21.56  citronellol
 0.14  citronellyl acetate
 0.31  citronellyl butyrate
 4.81  citronellyl formate
 0.12alpha- copaene
 0.05para- cymene
 6.0110-epi-gamma- eudesmol
 25.47  geraniol
 0.23  geranyl acetate
 0.22  geranyl butyrate
 2.15  geranyl formate
 0.13  geranyl propionate
 1.25  geranyl tiglate
 0.09  germacrene D
 0.08  guaia-6,9-diene
 0.07(E)-2- hexenal
 0.80(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.42alpha- humulene
 0.43  limonene
 13.07  linalool
 0.13(E)- linalool oxide
 0.23(Z)- linalool oxide
 6.79iso menthone
 0.13  menthone
 2.27  myrcene
 1.09  neral
 0.88(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.59(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.12alpha- phellandrene
 0.772- phenethyl tiglate
 0.24alpha- pinene
 0.29  piperitone
 0.31(Z)- rose oxide
 0.13(E)- rose oxide
 0.21  sabinene
 0.79alpha- terpineol
 0.08  terpinolene
 0.05alpha- ylangene
geranium oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
640.23  citronellol
90.52  citronellyl butyrate
811.35  citronellyl formate
76.45  geraniol
110.10  geranyl acetate
131.32  geranyl butyrate
101.92  geranyl formate
120.98  geranyl tiglate
54.40  guaia-6,9-diene
43.96  linalool
21.41  menthone
35.70iso menthone
140.62- phenethyl tiglate
10.64(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
627.40  citronellol
90.75  citronellyl butyrate
86.74  citronellyl formate
718.00  geraniol
110.61  geranyl acetate
131.09  geranyl butyrate
104.75  geranyl formate
121.48  geranyl tiglate
50.27  guaia-6,9-diene
49.47  linalool
21.31  menthone
35.39iso menthone
140.652- phenethyl tiglate
10.34(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
619.30  citronellol
91.07  citronellyl butyrate
86.02  citronellyl formate
718.40  geraniol
111.06  geranyl acetate
132.44  geranyl butyrate
106.55  geranyl formate
122.24  geranyl tiglate
50.15  guaia-6,9-diene
46.8  linalool
20.78  menthone
35.20iso menthone
141.042- phenethyl tiglate
10.38(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10iso borneol
220.54beta- bourbonene
310.24delta- cadinene
290.21gamma- cadinene
390.35T- cadinol
240.39beta- caryophyllene
50.401,8- cineole
1511.41  citronellol
320.18  citronellyl butyrate
190.10  citronellyl formate
270.39  citronellyl propionate
410.14  citronellyl tiglate
210.39alpha- copaene
30.10para- cymene
383.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.10 furopelargone
182.17  geranial
1750.56  geraniol
430.56 geranyl 3-methyl valerate
230.33  geranyl acetate
330.64  geranyl butyrate
200.20  geranyl formate
300.35  geranyl isobutyrate
370.20  geranyl isovalerate
281.03  geranyl propionate
422.49  geranyl tiglate
400.18  geranyl valerate
263.31  guaia-6,9-diene
250.45alpha- guaiene
40.15  limonene
73.36  linalool
120.29iso menthol
90.23  menthone
117.49iso menthone
160.87  neral
140.22  nerol
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.05alpha- phellandrene
361.152- phenethyl tiglate
10.03alpha- pinene
80.11(E)- rose oxide
340.22  spathulenol
130.15alpha- terpineol

L. Ntezurubanza, G. Collin, F. X. Avobangria, H. Deslauriers and J-B. Nizeyimana, Composition chemique de L’huile essentielle de Pelargonium graveolens, Mentha sacchalinensis, Cymbopogon citratus et de Ocimum canum cultivés au Rwanda. In: Valorisation de la Biomasse végétale par les produits naturals. Actes du colloque de Chicoutimi 22-25 Aug. 1993, Edits., F-X Garneau and G. J. Collin, pp. 317-320, Centre Recherches pour le Developpment International, Ottawa (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium petiole oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.08beta- bourbonene
360.15gamma- cadinene
370.06  calamenene
300.11beta- caryophyllene
1630.87 citronellol + nerol
231.27  citronellyl acetate
201.85  citronellyl formate
310.05  citronellyl propionate
453.93  citronellyl tiglate
250.10alpha- cubebene
40.06para- cymene
427.8810-epi-gamma- eudesmol
440.23beta- eudesmol
400.06  furopelargone B
193.31  geranial
1824.16  geraniol
260.48  geranyl acetate
380.08  geranyl butyrate
211.76  geranyl formate
480.19  geranyl heptanoate
470.22  geranyl hexanoate
410.22  geranyl isovalerate
320.06  geranyl propionate
464.05  geranyl tiglate
430.37  geranyl valerate
330.30alpha- humulene
50.11  limonene
92.04  linalool
80.07(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.12(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
131.27  menthone
140.72iso menthone
350.34alpha- muurolene
30.09  myrcene
240.15  neryl acetate
60.13(E)-beta- ocimene
220.092- phenethyl acetate
110.102- phenethyl alcohol
290.142- phenethyl butyrate
391.452- phenethyl tiglate
10.13alpha- pinene
170.08  piperitone
120.08(E)- rose oxide
100.10(Z)- rose oxide
20.07  sabinene
340.12alpha- selinene
150.29alpha- terpineol
270.05alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.15beta- bourbonene
430.35  calamenene
370.07beta- caryophyllene
2225.87 citronellol + nerol
302.81  citronellyl acetate
264.92  citronellyl formate
380.09  citronellyl propionate
511.88  citronellyl tiglate
340.29alpha- copaene
310.29alpha- cubebene
90.08para- cymene
482.4610-epi-gamma- eudesmol
500.39beta- eudesmol
460.31  furopelargone B
253.41  geranial
249.51  geraniol
320.29  geranyl acetate
440.07  geranyl butyrate
282.31  geranyl formate
540.21  geranyl heptanoate
530.10  geranyl hexanoate
470.08  geranyl isovalerate
550.54  geranyl octanoate
521.84  geranyl tiglate
490.11  geranyl valerate
390.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.32(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
400.30alpha- humulene
100.13  limonene
1413.25  linalool
130.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.13(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
181.32  menthone
197.33iso menthone
420.08alpha- muurolene
60.76  myrcene
270.10  neryl formate
110.16(E)-beta- ocimene
70.09alpha- phellandrene
290.252- phenethyl acetate
160.262- phenethyl alcohol
360.102- phenethyl butyrate
451.092- phenethyl tiglate
30.10alpha- pinene
50.09beta- pinene
230.10  piperitone
170.11(E)- rose oxide
150.16(Z)- rose oxide
40.15  sabinene
410.09alpha- selinene
200.12  terpinen-4-ol
80.11alpha- terpinene
212.42alpha- terpineol
330.23alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  borneol
70.401,8- cineole
62.90para- cymene
231.60  decanal
245.003,7-dimethyl-1-octene-3,7-diol
210.403,7- dimethyl-1,5-octadiene-3,7-diol
260.50  geraniol
91.20  limonene
1424.50  linalool
120.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
130.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.40(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
190.50(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
160.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
15trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
271.1para-menthane-1,8-diol hydrate
50.40  myrcene
250.40  nerol
41.20  octanal
111.00  octanol
80.20beta- phellandrene
12.10alpha- pinene
36.00beta- pinene
23.80  sabinene
2019.20  terpinen-4-ol
100.60gamma- terpinene
224.20alpha- terpineol
287.001,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
290.601,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 471, (2000)
hamamelis virginiana leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.01  benzyl benzoate
 trace  butyl benzoate
 0.05  cadalene
 0.04delta- cadinene
 0.21beta- caryophyllene
 0.07  cyclosativene
 trace(E)-beta- damascenone
 0.03  decanal
30.01  decane
 0.28  docosanal
181.27  docosane
 0.21  docosanol
 0.20  dodecanal
40.03  dodecane
 0.69  dotriacontane
 trace  eicosanal
150.60  eicosane
 0.02  eicosanol
 0.16  ethyl hexadecanoate
 0.09  ethyl linoleate
 0.05  ethyl linolenate
 0.06  ethyl oleate
 0.09 ethyl tetracosane
 0.01  ethyl tetradecanoate
 0.05alpha- eudesmol
 0.02gamma- eudesmol
 1.47(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
 0.08alpha- farnesene
 1.74  geraniol
 0.07  geranyl acetone
 0.01  geranyl formate
 0.47  geranyl linalool
 1.14 henitriacontane
 16.12  heptacosane
120.31  heptadecane
 0.052- heptadecanone
 0.91  hexacosanal
 2.27  hexacosane
 0.15  hexadecanal
100.07  hexadecane
 1.62  hexadecanoic acid
 0.10  hexadecanol
110.161- hexadecyne
 0.13  hexanol
 0.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.02(E)-2-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
 0.15(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-or-3-methyl butyrate
 0.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl angelate or tiglate
 0.30(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
 0.14(E)-2- hexen-1-yl butyrate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
 0.03(E)-2- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
 0.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl octanoate
 0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl salicylate
 trace  hexyl tiglate
 trace  hotrienol
 0.05alpha- humulene
 trace hydroxyedulan-1
 0.08beta- ionone
 0.02  kaurene
 3.74  linalool
 0.12(E)- linalool oxide
 0.31(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.10  manool
 0.03  manoyl oxide
190.022- methyl docosane
 0.11  methyl docosanoate
 0.04  methyl eicosanoate
160.022- methyl heneicosane
170.013- methyl heneicosane
 0.06 methyl henitriacontane
 0.083- methyl heptacosane
 0.05 methyl hexacosane
 0.222-methyl hexacosane
 0.043- methyl hexacosane
 0.33  methyl hexadecanoate
 0.09  methyl linoleate
 0.47  methyl linolenate
 0.21 methyl nonacosane
 0.03 methyl octacosane
 0.072- methyl octacosane
 0.083- methyl octacosane
 0.13  methyl oleate
 0.182- methyl pentacosane
 0.153- methyl pentacosane
 0.054- methyl pentacosane
 0.03 methyl tetracosane
 0.024- methyl tetracosane
 0.15  methyl tetracosanoate
70.273- methyl tetradecane
 0.03  methyl tetradecanoate
 0.132- methyl triacontane
 0.043- methyl triacontane
 0.04  myrcenol
 0.03  nerol
 0.09  nerol oxide
 0.17(E)- nerolidol
 7.12  nonacosane
 0.03  nonadecanal
140.78  nonadecane
 0.62  nonanal
20.01  nonane
 0.11  nonanoic acid
 0.09  nonanol
 0.28  octacosanal
 1.75  octacosane
130.12  octadecane
 trace  octadecanol
 0.03  octanal
10.59  octane
 trace  octanol
 0.031- octen-3-ol
 10.99  pentacosane
 0.13  pentadecanal
80.10  pentadecane
 0.042- pentadecanone
 9.79(E)- phytol
 0.68iso phytol
 0.07iso propyl tetradecanoate
 trace  riesling acetal
 0.03beta- santalene
 0.09  squalene
 1.06alpha- terpineol
 0.39  tetracosanal
 2.59  tetracosane
 0.081- tetracosene
 0.05  tetradecanal
60.23  tetradecane
 0.30  tetratriacontane
 1.14  triacontane
 0.68  tritriacontane
2010.38  tricosane
 0.24  tridecanal
50.54  tridecane
 0.042- tridecanone
 0.211,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
 0.011,1,6- trimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
90.234,8,12- trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene
 0.706,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
 0.80ar- turmerone
 0.42  undecanal
 0.03(E)-2- undecenal
 0.21  viridiflorol
 0.09  vitispirane

R. Engel, M. Gutmann, C. Harisch, H. Koloclziej and A. Nahstedt, Study on the composition of the volatile fraction of Hamamelis virginiana. Planta Med., 64, 251-258 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
482.20-4.00ar- abietatriene
39trace-0.20  aromadendrene oxide
2612.00-18.80(E)-alpha-bergamotene + beta-caryophyllene
461.60-2.50(Z)-alpha-bergamotol
471.80-3.00(E)-alpha- bergamotol
34trace-0.60delta- cadinene
450.30-0.70alpha- cadinol
50.10-0.30delta-3- carene
370.10-0.30iso caryophyllene oxide
380.90-1.90  caryophyllene oxide
90.50-0.801,8- cineole
21trace-0.10alpha- cubebene
22trace-0.20beta- cubebene
350.20-0.40para- cymen-8-ol
140.30-1.30para- cymene
180.10-0.40para- cymenene
40trace-0.10  elemol
25trace-0.20beta- fenchol
330.10-0.90  geranial
360.10-0.30  geraniol
16trace-0.10  hexanol
170.10-0.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.70-1.80alpha- humulene
82.00-4.90  limonene
240.10-0.20  linalool
10trace-0.10para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
320.20-0.50alpha- muurolene
43trace-0.10T- muurolol
420.10-0.30alpha- muurolol
60.20-0.50  myrcene
290.20-1.00  neral
13trace-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
190.30-0.901- octen-3-ol
11.80-2.60alpha- pinene
33.70-6.00beta- pinene
430.40-37.10  sabinene
20trace-0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
410.30-0.70  spathulenol
440.10-0.30epi-spathulenol
272.10-5.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.60-0.90alpha- terpinene
121.00-2.10gamma- terpinene
300.10-0.30alpha- terpineol
154.00-7.20  terpinolene
2trace-0.10alpha- thujene
310.60-1.00  valencene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 55, (2001)
jasmine absolute sambac
#%LeftshiftComponents
521.20  benzyl acetate
71.05  benzyl alcohol
241.50  benzyl benzoate
282.43(E)- cinnamyl benzoate
270.16(Z)- cinnamyl benzoate
170.08para- cresol
180.08  eugenol
1212.40alpha- farnesene
221.30(E,E)- farnesol
200.50(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
60.08  geraniol
10.14(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
82.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
160.45(Z)- jasmone
37.40  linalool
2trace  linalyl acetate
194.90  methyl anthranilate
40.30  methyl benzoate
114.30  methyl linolenate
90.95  methyl palmitate
102.00 methyl stearate + methyl oleate + methyl acetyl anthranilate
132.352- phenethyl acetate
142.152- phenethyl alcohol
261.262- phenethyl benzoate
250.34  phytol
210.35iso phytol
232.55 phytyl acetate + geranyl linalool

A. Chaput, C. Gardou, D. Huddadi, R. Jullien, E. Moustafa Kamel and Y. Saint-Jaim, Etude sur les composants de l’absolue de ‘foll” Egyptian, In Proceedings VIIIth International Essential Oil Congress, Cannes, pp210-214, FEDAROM, Grass (1982).

P&F 19, No. 2, 63, (1994)

jasminum grandiflorum absolute india
#%LeftshiftComponents
324.15-29.65  benzyl acetate
21.06-1.75  benzyl alcohol
1417.85-21.20  benzyl benzoate
72.00-3.95  eugenol
90.01-0.06alpha- farnesene
120.22-0.44  farnesol
40.03-0.10  geraniol
182.80-4.35  geranyl linalool
61.07-1.85  indole
110.70-1.45  jasmin lactone
57.90-9.45(Z)- jasmone
14.33-7.25  linalool
80.39-0.82  methyl anthranilate
135.12-7.20  methyl jasmonate
101.84-2.46  nerolidol
167.80-13.25  phytol
151.95-2.95iso phytol
172.45-3.05iso phytyl acetate

J. Verghese and T. P. Sunny, Seasonal studies on the concrete and absolute of Indan Jasminum grandiflorum L. Flowers. Flavr. Fragr. J., 7, 323-327 (1992).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
50trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
292.76 borneol + linalool oxide pyranoid
380.06  bornyl acetate
70.18  butyl isobutyrate
59trace  cadalene
530.56gamma- cadinene
580.99T- cadinol
40.13  camphene
260.59  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
491.08beta- caryophyllene
563.74  caryophyllene oxide
480.05alpha- cedrene
123.321,8- cineole
430.22  citronellyl acetate
46tracealpha- copaene
110.33para- cymene
19tracepara- cymenene
42tracedelta- elemene
510.97(Z)-beta- farnesene
60trace(Z,E)- farnesol
36trace  geraniol
451.95  geranyl acetate
520.14  germacrene D
570.10  hexadecane
91.96  hexyl acetate
320.25  hexyl butyrate
280.12 hexyl isobutyrate + pinocarvone
405.46  lavandulyl acetate
130.59  limonene
2220.98  linalool
201.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
182.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
3726.54  linalyl acetate
410.12  linalyl propionate
35trace  methyl thymol
81.08  myrcene
341.02 nerol + citronellol + carvone
550.08(E)- nerolidol
54trace(Z)- nerolidol
441.02  neryl acetate
151.15(E)-beta- ocimene
140.86(Z)-beta- ocimene
61trace  octadecane
250.093- octen-1-yl acetate
231.341- octen-3-yl acetate
330.12  octyl acetate
30.14alpha- pinene
60.51beta-pinene + 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.07cis- pinene hydrate
270.16trans- pinocarveol
50.05  sabinene
170.11(E)- sabinene hydrate
301.52  terpinen-4-ol
160.07gamma- terpinene
314.34alpha- terpineol
210.29  terpinolene
47trace  tetradecane
2tracealpha- thujene
39trace  thymol
1trace  tricyclene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicies and M. Baranauskiene, Composition of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 107-110 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.26  borneol
 0.06  bornyl acetate
 32.29  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 29.131,4- cineole
 0.06  coumarin
 0.05  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.79(E)-beta- farnesene
 1.80  geraniol
 0.05  geranyl acetate
 0.03  hexanol
 0.05  lavandulol
 22.65  linalool
 0.08(E)- linalool oxide
 0.13(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.08  linalyl acetate
 0.06  myrcene
 0.56  nerol
 0.02  neryl acetate
 0.32beta- pinene
 0.71  terpinen-4-ol
 0.02gamma- terpinene
 4.95alpha- terpineol
 0.03  terpinolene
lavender oil spike
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.11  acetone
490.02beta- bisabolol
381.69  borneol
430.18gamma- cadinene
480.06T- cadinol
41.08  camphene
282.17beta- caryophyllene
470.20  caryophyllene oxide
1022.901,8- cineole
350.07  cryptone
460.09para- cymen-8-ol
151.39para- cymene
310.31beta- farnesene
450.35  geraniol
390.20  germacrene D
180.01  hexanol
19trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.06  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.02  hexyl butyrate
17trace  hexyl isobutyrate
290.02  hexyl tiglate
340.16alpha- humulene
330.50  lavandulol
93.18  limonene
230.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
420.18(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
41trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
25trace6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
70.80  myrcene
320.07  myrtenol
440.69  nerol
400.88  neryl acetate
130.08(E)-beta- ocimene
110.47(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.053- octanone
220.091- octen-3-ol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
34.77alpha- pinene
54.10beta- pinene
26trace  plinol (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
240.37  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
60.37  sabinene
270.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
362.67alpha- terpineol
370.53gamma- terpineol
160.07  terpinolene
2trace  tricyclene
300.475,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavender-Lavandin-A Composition. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 364-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

lemongrass oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  camphene
100.40beta- caryophyllene
80.80  citronellal
140.60  citronellol
1222.70  geranial
152.20  geraniol
133.40  geranyl acetate
58.30  limonene
92.10  linalool
73.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
410.30  myrcene
1118.50  neral
6trace4- nonanone
25.40alpha- pinene
12.80alpha- thujene

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

lemongrass oil guatemala
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.20beta- caryophyllene
40.90  citronellal
100.40  citronellol
837.30  geranial
114.60  geraniol
91.70  geranyl acetate
112.30  limonene
51.80  linalool
33.006- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
730.50  neral
21.804- nonanone

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

leptospermum scoparium var. eximium oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace  aromadendrene
220.30allo- aromadendrene
280.80  bicyclogermacrene
21tracealpha- bulnesene
290.90gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
320.30  caryophyllene oxide
100.101,8- cineole
14tracepara- cymene
170.10beta- elemene
3911.50alpha- eudesmol
4013.80beta- eudesmol
3813.60gamma- eudesmol
2tracealpha- fenchene
300.50  geraniol
353.30  globulol
230.40alpha- humulene
81.40  limonene
164.40  linalool
34trace(E)- methyl cinnamate
60.30  myrcene
330.40(E)- nerolidol
130.80(E)-beta- ocimene
110.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
310.40  palustrol
9tracebeta- phellandrene
118.10alpha- pinene
40.70beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
270.30alpha- selinene
260.30beta- selinene
371.80  spathulenol
190.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
240.30  viridiflorene
364.30  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophhy, B. J. Goldsack, A. R. Bean, P. I. Forester and B. J. Lepschi, Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 5. Leptospermum continentale and allies. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 98-104 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

leptospermum scoparium var. rotundifolium oil australia
In 1979, Flynn et al. reported that L. scoparium var. rotundifolium contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.60  aromadendrene
181.00allo- aromadendrene
140.90iso borneol
130.50beta- caryophyllene
725.401,8- cineole
210.30  cuminyl alcohol
92.30para- cymene
274.50alpha- eudesmol
287.10beta- eudesmol
262.70gamma- eudesmol
221.60  geraniol
241.10  globulol
61.20  limonene
110.40  linalool
230.50gamma- muurolene
4trace  myrcene
190.30  myrtenol
200.10  neral
230.80alpha- pinene
31.90beta- pinene
121.30  terpinen-4-ol
50.10alpha- terpinene
80.30gamma- terpinene
154.70alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
161.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.10alpha- thujene
252.00  viridiflorol

T. M. Flynn, E. V. Lassak and M. P. Smyth, The volatile leaf oils of three species of Leptospermum. Phytochemistry, 18, 2030-2031 (1979).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

lime oil distilled mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
350.06(E)-beta-ocimenol
330.09(Z)-beta-ocimenol
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

lippia citriodora cymbopogon oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
182.00beta- caryophyllene
232.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.20alpha- cedrene
64.901,8- cineole
115.90 citronellol + nerol
150.60  citronellyl acetate
212.40ar- curcumene
1419.90  geranial
136.60  geraniol
161.00  geranyl acetate
190.20alpha- humulene
513.50  limonene
81.20  linalool
22.30  methyl heptenone
40.40  myrcene
1214.40  neral
220.70(E)- nerolidol
71.70(E)-ocimene
10.60alpha- pinene
31.80  sabinene
90.60  terpinen-4-ol
102.10alpha- terpineol
200.20  thujopsene

Ph. Morin, M. Caude, H. Richard and R. Rosset, Semipreparative Separation of Terpenoids from Essential Oils by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Their Subsequent Identification by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatog,, 363, 57-59, (1986).

P&F 13, No. 3, 29, (1988)

lippia citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
460.5allo- aromadendrene
280.4  bornyl butyrate
430.8beta- bourbonene
480.1delta- cadinene
500.6gamma- cadinene
590.9T- cadinol
410.1  carvacrol
320.4trans- carveol
400.8  carvone
450.4beta- caryophyllene
52traceiso caryophyllene
555.5  caryophyllene oxide
581.0iso caryophyllene oxide
530.4alpha- cedrene
1412.41,8- cineole
420.6alpha- copaene
470.6beta- cubebene
51trace  cuparene
494.6ar- curcumene
70.2para- cymene
360.6  fenchone
269.9  geranial
350.7  geranic acid
330.5  geraniol
291.6  geranyl acetate
300.9  geranyl isobutyrate
310.3  geranyl propionate
440.1alpha- gurjunene
130.4(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
120.3  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
43.7  limonene
191.3  linalool
180.1(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
17trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
540.2  longifolene
240.7  methyl geranate
97.46- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
560.5alpha- muurolol
370.2  myrtenal
236.9  neral
571.2  nerolidol
270.6  neryl acetate
100.33- octanol
110.71- octen-3-ol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
11.4alpha- pinene
20.3beta- pinene
390.7trans- pinocarveol
210.7iso pulegol
15trace rose oxide
30.2  sabinene
380.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.3(Z)- sabinene hydrate
605.2  spathulenol
221.0  terpinen-4-ol
61.0gamma- terpinene
252.3alpha- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- thujone
340.3  thymol
610.1  viridiflorol

J. Bellakhdar, A.IL. Idrissi, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R.Vila, Analysis de L'huile essentielle dela verveine odorante (Lippia citriodora H, B, and K). Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 269-273 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

litsea cubeba fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.42  camphene
180.17beta- caryophyllene
100.17  citronellal
170.24beta- cubebene
70.11para- cymene
1637.86  geranial
150.53  geraniol
822.66  limonene
91.22  linalool
50.526- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
60.55  myrcene
1425.50  neral
130.25  nerol
11.43alpha- pinene
41.22beta- pinene
31.67  sabinene
110.26  terpinen-4-ol
120.36alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, R-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Aromatic plants and essential constituents (supplement 1), p. 36, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

mace oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.16  borneol
160.09  bornyl acetate
230.15delta- cadinene
40.67delta-3- carene
210.07beta-caryophyllene + (E)-isoeugenol
66.971,8-cineole + limonene
253.14  elemicin
200.45(Z)-iso eugenol
180.15 eugenol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
140.22  geraniol
190.16 geranyl acetate + alpha-copaene
220.03alpha- humulene
90.42 linalool + terpinolene
170.22  methyl eugenol
260.01  myristic acid
245.92  myristicin
33.17alpha- phellandrene
72.80beta- phellandrene
115.24alpha- pinene
245.52beta-pinene + sabinene
150.67 safrole + para-cymen-8-ol
124.59  terpinen-4-ol
81.83gamma- terpinene
53.53alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
100.32beta- terpineol
130.94alpha-terpineol + piperitol
270.05 triglyceryl myristate

M. Gopalakrishnan, Chemical composition of nutmeg and mace. J. Spices Aromat. Crops, 1, 49-54 (1992).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

mace oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.00 hydrodistilled oil
11.30alpha- thujene
21.30alpha- pinene
3trace  camphene
423.50  sabinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.80  myrcene
71.60alpha- phellandrene
82.50delta-3- carene
93.90alpha- terpinene
100.20para- cymene
113.90  limonene
122.201,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
146.60gamma- terpinene
150.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
160.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
173.30  terpinolene
180.70  linalool
19trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.90(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.60(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
2223.60  terpinen-4-ol
231.30alpha- terpineol
240.20(Z)- piperitol
250.30(E)- piperitol
26trace  nerol
27trace  geraniol
280.70  safrole
290.70  bornyl acetate
30trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
310.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
320.10  eugenol
330.10  geranyl acetate
343.70  methyl eugenol
35tracebeta- cubebene
360.10beta- caryophyllene
370.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
38trace  germacrene D
392.30  myristicin
4010.50  elemicin
41trace(Z)-iso elemicin
420.50(E)-iso elemicin
G. R. Mallavarapu and S. Ramesh, Composition of essential oils of nutmeg and mace. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 20, 746-748 (1998). P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)
mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.01  camphene
300.06beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
260.11  decanal
320.04  farnesene
220.07  geranial
210.03  geraniol
310.03alpha- humulene
1073.58  limonene
150.19  linalool
290.48  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
61.73  myrcene
20trace  neral
190.04  nerol
250.01  nonanal
28trace  nonanol
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.08  octanal
270.02  octanol
70.06alpha- phellandrene
90.39beta- phellandrene
21.79alpha- pinene
51.36beta- pinene
40.22  sabinene
330.14alpha- sinensal
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
80.40alpha- terpinene
1316.68gamma- terpinene
180.38alpha- terpineol
140.78  terpinolene
10.66alpha- thujene
230.11  thymol
G. Ruberto, D. Bondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, a new Citrus hybrid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.64alpha- thujene
21.78alpha- pinene
30.02  camphene
40.17  sabinene
51.41beta- pinene
60.06  octanal
71.71  myrcene
80.07alpha- phellandrene
9tracedelta-3- carene
100.24alpha- terpinene
110.52beta- phellandrene
120.23para- cymene
1372.71  limonene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.02(E)-beta- ocimene
1617.17gamma- terpinene
170.03  octanol
180.82  terpinolene
190.02  nonanal
200.16  linalool
210.02  citronellal
220.27  terpinen-4-ol
230.37alpha- terpineol
240.11  decanal
250.07  nerol
26trace  neral
270.03  geraniol
280.08  geranial
290.02  thymol
300.46  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
310.06beta- caryophyllene
320.02alpha- humulene
330.05(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.89alpha- thujene
 2.36alpha- pinene
 0.02  camphene
 0.26  sabinene
 1.68beta- pinene
 1.70  myrcene
 0.21 octanol + alpha-phellandrene
 0.44alpha- terpinene
 0.33para- cymene
 69.51  limonene
 trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.02(E)-beta-ocimene
 19.85gamma- terpinene
 0.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 trace  octanol
 0.87  terpinolene
 0.04(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.11  linalool
 0.03  nonanal
 0.03  citronellal
 0.04  terpinen-4-ol
 0.14alpha- terpineol
 0.09  decanal
 0.02  nerol
 0.01  neral
 trace  geraniol
 0.05  geranial
 0.05  thymol
 0.01  undecanal
 trace  neryl acetate
 tracealpha- copaene
 trace  geranyl acetate
 tracealpha- cubebene
 0.45  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 0.10beta- caryophyllene
 0.01alpha- humulene
 tracebeta- cubebene
 0.15  farnesene
marjoram oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
12.63alpha- pinene
22.45  camphene
32.70beta- pinene
41.92  myrcene
51.35  limonene
639.901,8- cineole
72.20gamma- terpinene
81.37  camphor
919.41  linalool
100.43beta- caryophyllene
114.04alpha- terpineol
120.52  borneol
130.71  geraniol
140.51  thymol
15trace  carvacrol
marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

melissa officinalis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.12  camphene
134.95beta- caryophyllene
219.99  caryophyllene oxide
1213.32  citronellal
70.83para- cymene
1626.80  geranial
194.23  geraniol
171.76  geranyl acetate
50.74  limonene
100.25  linalool
93.796- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
40.15  myrcene
1419.75  neral
200.64  nerol
181.45  neryl acetate
80.12  octanal
10.05alpha- pinene
30.09beta- pinene
60.40gamma- terpinene
110.25 terpinene-1-ol
151.44alpha- terpineol

A. S. Shalaby, S. El-Gengaihi and M. Khattab, Oil of Melissa officinalis L. as affected by storage and herb drying. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 667-669 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

mentha citrata herb oil
Lawrence (1978) used a combination of column chromatography, preparative and analytical GC and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the oils from three different strains of Menta citrata. The compounds identified in the oils were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.1-0.3 bicyclogermacrene + carvone
29<0.1-0.1delta- cadinene
22<0.1-2.1beta- caryophyllene
60.9-4.11,8- cineole
30<0.1-0.8  citronellol
90.0-0.1para- cymene
200.0-0.3beta- elemene
320.0-1.3  elemol
230.0-0.5(E)-beta- farnesene
31<0.1-1.0  geraniol
280.2-0.5  geranyl acetate
260.2-0.7  germacrene D
190.0-<0.1alpha- gurjunene
210.0-1.4  lavandulyl acetate
5<0.1-0.4  limonene
1710.3-38.1  linalool
1842.0-78.4  linalyl acetate
140.0-<0.1  menthofuran
130.0-0.4  menthone
150.0-0.2iso menthone
40.5-1.3  myrcene
250.7-1.1  neryl acetate
70.2-0.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
8<0.1-0.6(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
120.2-1.53- octanol
11<0.1-1.83- octyl acetate
10.0-0.1alpha- pinene
20.0-0.3beta- pinene
160.0-0.2iso pinocamphone
30.0-0.2  sabinene
240.6-7.3alpha- terpineol
100.0-0.1  terpinolene
33<0.1-3.0  viridiflorol

B. M. Lawrence, A study of the monoterpene interrelationships in the genus Mentha with special reference to the origin of pulegone and menthofuran. PhD thesis, Rijksuniversiteit, Groningen, Netherlands (1978).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

mentha x piperita oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.05  borneol
160.31beta-bourbonene + benzaldehyde
330.16delta- cadinene
170.42  camphor
320.16  carvone
32.471,8- cineole
40.22para- cymene
340.05  geraniol
300.05  germacrene D
130.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
270.18alpha- humulene
350.04(Z)- jasmone
20.38  limonene
180.28  linalool
10trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
140.07  menthofuran
2535.07  menthol
213.74neo menthol
240.39neoiso menthol
1132.22  menthone
155.43iso menthone
209.39  menthyl acetate
50.072- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
60.082- methyl butyl isovalerate
360.06(Z)- nerolidol
80.213- octanol
90.301- octen-3-ol
70.073- octyl acetate
10.04beta- pinene
311.32  piperitone
260.22  pulegone
230.05  rosefuran oxide
12trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.24(Z)- sabinene hydrate
220.07  terpinen-4-ol
280.06alpha- terpineol
370.09  viridiflorol

D. Karasawa, S. Shatar, A. Erdenechimeg, Y. Okamoto, H. Tateha and S, Shimizu, A study on Mongolian mints. A new chemotype from Mentha asiatia Borriss and constituents of M. arvensis L. and M. piperita L. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 255-260 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

michelia alba concrete
#%LeftshiftComponents
81.031,8- cineole
90.33para- cymene
120.46alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.58beta- elemene
221.23  geraniol
110.07(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
71.42  limonene
1472.76  linalool
130.78(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.10(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
190.14(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid