EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
BT
 

abies grandis oil canada
grand fir oil (abies grandis)

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Category: fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (exp)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.88200 to 0.89200 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.339 to 7.422
Refractive Index: 1.46430 to 1.47430 @ 20.00 °C.
Flash Point: 131.60 °F. TCC ( 55.33 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium
Substantivity: 16 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 fresh woody fir needle pear clean citrus
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %.
fresh woody fir pear clean citric
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Hermitage Oils
Grand Fir Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “This aroma reminds me of smelling vegetative green leaves and runner bean skins, a similar note to what I find in Aleppo pine. Very resinous, fresh pine needles, moist earth, zappy and overall this aroma is full of deep forest green character.
The Vault
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 10 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Essential oils (e.g. turpentine oil) and isolates (e.g. delta-3-carene) derived from the Pinacea family, including Pinus and Abies genera, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practicable level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 10 millimoles peroxide per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
IFRA: View Standard
 
Recommendation for abies grandis oil canada flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
None found
 
References:
None found
 
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
abies alba leaf cera
FR
abies balsamea needle extract
FR
abies balsamea sprout extract
FR
himalayan
fir needle oil
FR
pine needle concrete
FR
cade leaf oil
FR
balsamic
balsamic
abies alba cone oil
FR
abies alba leaf extract
FR
conifer acetate
FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir balsam absolute (abies balsamea)
FR
fir balsam concrete
FR
fir carboxylate
FR
fir tree fragrance
FR
christmas
pine fragrance
FR
red
spruce oil
FR
terpinyl benzoate
FR
fir needle
abies amabilis oil canada
FR
floral
citrus propanol
FR
fruity
apple specialty
FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
pear valerate
FR
green
galbanum specialty
FR
herbal
bornyl salicylate
FR
fir needle oil replacer
FR
medicinal
kunzea ericoides leaf oil
FR
pine
abies sibirica needle extract
FR
evergreen fragrance
FR
pine specialty
FR
spicy
ayou wood oil
FR
woody
abies lasiocarpa oil canada
FR
douglas
fir oil
FR
juniper needle oil
FR
moss naphthaleneol
FR
cis-2-
pinanol
FR
For Flavor
 
Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
 herbalFR
 pineFR
 woodyFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 abies grandis
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
grand fir oil (abies grandis)
 fir oil grand (abies grandis)
 

Articles:

PubMed: Altering product outcome in Abies grandis (-)-limonene synthase and (-)-limonene/(-)-alpha-pinene synthase by domain swapping and directed mutagenesis.
PubMed: Partial purification and characterization of the short-chain prenyltransferases, gernayl diphospate synthase and farnesyl diphosphate synthase, from Abies grandis (grand fir).
PubMed: Terpenoid-based defenses in conifers: cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of wound-inducible (E)-alpha-bisabolene synthase from grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: Biosynthesis of β-carotene in engineered E. coli using the MEP and MVA pathways.
PubMed: Engineering Limonene and Bisabolene Production in Wild Type and a Glycogen-Deficient Mutant of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of pinene from glucose using metabolically-engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum.
PubMed: Microbial synthesis of pinene.
PubMed: Constraining 3-PG with a new δ13C submodel: a test using the δ13C of tree rings.
PubMed: Grassland restoration with and without fire: evidence from a tree-removal experiment.
PubMed: Insights into diterpene cyclization from structure of bifunctional abietadiene synthase from Abies grandis.
PubMed: Structure of a three-domain sesquiterpene synthase: a prospective target for advanced biofuels production.
PubMed: Vertical and seasonal variation in the δ¹³C of leaf-respired CO₂ in a mixed conifer forest.
PubMed: Defining how aging Pseudotsuga and Abies compensate for multiple stresses through multi-criteria assessment of a functional-structural model.
PubMed: Investigating the conservation pattern of a putative second terpene synthase divalent metal binding motif in plants.
PubMed: Demography of northern flying squirrels informs ecosystem management of western interior forests.
PubMed: Diterpene resin acid biosynthesis in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda): functional characterization of abietadiene/levopimaradiene synthase (PtTPS-LAS) cDNA and subcellular targeting of PtTPS-LAS and abietadienol/abietadienal oxidase (PtAO, CYP720B1).
PubMed: Wound-induced terpene synthase gene expression in Sitka spruce that exhibit resistance or susceptibility to attack by the white pine weevil.
PubMed: Mutational analysis of a monoterpene synthase reaction: altered catalysis through directed mutagenesis of (-)-pinene synthase from Abies grandis.
PubMed: Altering product outcome in Abies grandis (-)-limonene synthase and (-)-limonene/(-)-alpha-pinene synthase by domain swapping and directed mutagenesis.
PubMed: Sources of variation in ecophysiological parameters in Douglas-fir and grand fir canopies.
PubMed: Decreased needle longevity of fertilized Douglas-fir and grand fir in the northern Rockies.
PubMed: Geranyl diphosphate synthase from Abies grandis: cDNA isolation, functional expression, and characterization.
PubMed: Interaction with the small subunit of geranyl diphosphate synthase modifies the chain length specificity of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase to produce geranyl diphosphate.
PubMed: Bifunctional abietadiene synthase: free diffusive transfer of the (+)-copalyl diphosphate intermediate between two distinct active sites.
PubMed: Partial purification and characterization of the short-chain prenyltransferases, gernayl diphospate synthase and farnesyl diphosphate synthase, from Abies grandis (grand fir).
PubMed: Abietadiene synthase from grand fir (Abies grandis): characterization and mechanism of action of the "pseudomature" recombinant enzyme.
PubMed: Stereochemistry of the cyclization-rearrangement of (+)-copalyl diphosphate to (-)-abietadiene catalyzed by recombinant abietadiene synthase from Abies grandis.
PubMed: Diversity and variability of terpenoid defences in conifers: molecular genetics, biochemistry and evolution of the terpene synthase gene family in grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of four new monoterpene synthase members of the Tpsd gene family from grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: Terpenoid-based defenses in conifers: cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of wound-inducible (E)-alpha-bisabolene synthase from grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: Regulation of oleoresinosis in grand fir (Abies grandis). Differential transcriptional control of monoterpene, sesquiterpene, and diterpene synthase genes in response to wounding
PubMed: Sesquiterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). Comparison of constitutive and wound-induced activities, and cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of delta-selinene synthase and gamma-humulene synthase.
PubMed: Monoterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of myrcene synthase, (-)-(4S)-limonene synthase, and (-)-(1S,5S)-pinene synthase.
PubMed: Abietadiene synthase from grand fir (Abies grandis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of a bifunctional diterpene cyclase involved in resin acid biosynthesis.
PubMed: Induced oleoresin biosynthesis in grand fir as a defense against bark beetles.
PubMed: Regulation of Oleoresinosis in Grand Fir (Abies grandis) (Coordinate Induction of Monoterpene and Diterpene Cyclases and Two Cytochrome P450-Dependent Diterpenoid Hydroxylases by Stem Wounding).
PubMed: Diterpenoid resin acid biosynthesis in conifers: enzymatic cyclization of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate to abietadiene, the precursor of abietic acid.
PubMed: Monoterpene synthases of Pinus contorta and related conifers. A new class of terpenoid cyclase.
PubMed: Diterpenoid resin acid biosynthesis in conifers: characterization of two cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases and an aldehyde dehydrogenase involved in abietic acid biosynthesis.
PubMed: Oleoresinosis in Grand Fir (Abies grandis) Saplings and Mature Trees (Modulation of this Wound Response by Light and Water Stresses).
PubMed: Antigenic cross-reactivity among monoterpene cyclases from grand fir and induction of these enzymes upon stem wounding.
PubMed: Wound-inducible pinene cyclase from grand fir: purification, characterization, and renaturation after SDS-PAGE.
PubMed: Characterization of the constitutive and wound-inducible monoterpene cyclases of grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: Defense mechanisms of conifers : differences in constitutive and wound-induced monoterpene biosynthesis among species.
 
Notes:
None found
 
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