BT

Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.09  acolamone
253.25iso acolamone
177.38  acoragermacrone
330.24  acorenone
262.85beta- asarone
30.11  borneol
352.46  cadala-1,4,9-triene
183.72delta- cadinene
201.30alpha- calacorene
230.30beta- calacorene
370.86  calamendiol
368.37iso calamendiol
3114.70  calamenene
380.60  calamenone
300.73  calamusenone
20.24  camphor
90.33beta- caryophyllene
60.07alpha- copaene
120.14beta- cubebene
320.231,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
70.48beta- elemene
210.60  elemol
160.90beta- guaiene
130.12beta- gurjunene
100.31beta- gurjurene
292.488-hydroxy-delta-cadinene
340.808-hydroxy-gamma-cadinene
10.21  linalool
80.58  methyl eugenol
150.29(E)- methyl isoeugenol
1117.70(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
271.18alpha- muurolol
281.70epi-alpha- muurolol
145.03  shyobunone
240.82epi- shyobunone
220.08iso shyobunone
40.22  terpinen-4-ol
50.14alpha- terpineol

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.33  acolamone
190.35  acoradiene
240.50  acoragermacrone
361.09  acorenone
301.68beta- asarone
30.04  borneol
60.04  bornyl acetate
370.64  cadala-1,4,9-triene
251.57beta- cadinene
120.44delta- cadinene
132.11gamma- cadinene
270.68alpha- calacorene
290.91preiso calamendiol
343.15  calamenene
399.62  calamenone
20.03  camphor
141.43  cascarilladiene
100.61alpha- cedrene
90.05alpha- copaene
200.74ar- curcumene
420.097-desmethyl-2-methoxycadalene
400.15  dibutyl phthalate
350.591,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
330.451,6- dimethyl-4-isopropyl naphthalene
110.29beta- elemene
220.30(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
161.12(E)-beta- farnesene
210.11beta- guaiene
157.66beta- gurjurene
10.24  linalool
172.85(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
230.96alpha- muurolene
310.69alpha- muurolol
320.24epi-alpha- muurolol
410.05  palmitic acid
380.352-isoproponyl-6-isopropyl methyl-3-vinyl cyclohexanol
80.01alpha-sabinene
2818.70epi- shyobunone
40.08  terpinen-4-ol
50.05alpha- terpineol
70.133,3,7,9-tetramethyl tricyclo(5.4.0.0)undecene
180.162,6,10,10-tetramethyl tricyclo(7.2.0.0)undecene

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

allamanda cathartica flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
118.70  benzyl isothiocyanate
180.30  bicyclogermacrene
190.10delta- cadinene
1515.70beta- caryophyllene
120.30alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
130.60beta- cubebene
9trace  cumin alcohol
2120.20  dendrolasin
140.50beta- elemene
80.10  geraniol
171.70  germacrene D
160.90alpha- humulene
439.30  linalool
30.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
20.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
7trace  nerol
200.10(E)- nerolidol
10.30  phenyl acetaldehyde
60.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

amyris wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.70alpha- acoradiene
301.00beta- acoradiene
350.70beta- acorenol
31.00alpha- agarofuran
141.60beta- bisabolene
260.20delta- cadinol
37<0.10T- cadinol
2tracebeta- caryophyllene
36<0.10  cedranol
173.10ar- curcumene
240.40alpha-monocyclonerolidol
220.30gamma-monocyclonerolidol
210.40gamma-monocyclonerolidol
200.80 dihydroagarofuran
90.10beta- elemene
410.10  elemol
510.9010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
616.80beta- eudesmol
1<0.10  furfural
311.00alpha- gurjunene
160.40beta- himachalene
15<0.10alpha- humulene
70.504alpha- hydroxydihydroagarofuran
38<0.10  ledol
230.50(E)- nerolidol
10<0.10alpha- santalene
346.40 selin-5-en-7-ol
290.10  selina-3,7-diene
193.50  selina-3,7(11)-diene
250.20 selina-5-en-11-ol
320.50alpha- selinene
183.10epi-alpha-selinene
12traceepi-gamma-selinene
27<0.101,3,7,7-tetramethyl bicyclo(4.4.0)-3-decene
13trace  valencene
280.10isovalencene
822.10  valerianol
333.50  zingiberene

B. Corbier, C. Ehret and P. Maupetit, Constituents inedits de L’essence de Santal Amyris. In: Progress in Terpene Chemistry. Edit., D. Joulain, pp. 307-316, Editns Frontiers (1986).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
561.1012-methyl-13-tridecanolide
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
550.4013-tridecanolide
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

apium graveolens seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
225.49  butyl phthalide
100.03trans- carveol
110.02cis- carveol
120.02  carvone
140.03cis- carvyl acetate
170.21beta- caryophyllene
210.21  caryophyllene oxide
80.02  dihydrocarvone
270.07 diterpene hc
160.04beta- elemene
180.03alpha- humulene
314.88  limonene
60.01  limonene oxide
50.02  linalool
291.04  linoleic acid
90.01para- mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol
20.97  myrcene
70.33  naphthalene
40.02  ocimene
302.38 octadecenoic acid
280.65  palmitic acid
150.02  phenyl pentanone
10.19beta- pinene
130.02(E)- sabinyl acetate
2628.84  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
201.82alpha- selinene
1917.59beta- selinene
2522.39  sendanenolide (butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide)
310.07  stearic acid
230.08 unknown phthalate 1
240.03 unknown phthalate 2

P-J, Fan, Z-D. Guo, J-C. Zhang, J-Q. Zheng and L-M. Liu, A study of the composition of supercritical CO2 fluid extract of celery seed. Tianran Chanwa Yanjiu Yu Kaifa, 7(2), 89-93 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

apium graveolens seed oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
232.68  butyl phthalide
110.13trans- carveol
120.06cis- carveol
130.06  carvone
150.07cis- carvyl acetate
180.27beta- caryophyllene
220.25  caryophyllene oxide
90.07  dihydrocarvone
170.07beta- elemene
190.05alpha- humulene
451.95  limonene
70.08  limonene oxide
60.06  linalool
100.06para- mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol
34.38  myrcene
80.79  naphthalene
50.07  ocimene
160.12  phenyl pentanone
10.05alpha- pinene
21.16beta- pinene
140.09(E)- sabinyl acetate
272.50  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
212.17alpha- selinene
2020.76beta- selinene
269.89  sendanenolide (butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide)
240.06 unknown phthalate 1
250.07 unknown phthalate 2

P-J. Fan, Z-D. Guo, J-C. Zhang, J-Q. Zheng and L-M. Liu, A study of the composition of supercritical CO2 fluid extract of celery seed. Tianran Chanwa Yanjiu Yu Kaifa, 7(2), 89-93 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

baccharis coridifolia oil argentina
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.20allo- aromadendrene
110.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
173.30  bicyclogermacrene
180.40beta- bisabolene
190.90delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- calacorene
220.10beta- calacorene
910.80beta- caryophyllene
834.30iso caryophyllene
249.80  caryophyllene oxide
282.00  cedr-8(15)-en-9-alpha-ol
71.20beta- elemene
60.10delta- elemene
210.60  elemol
145.00  germacrene D
250.30  globulol
160.50(E)-beta- guaiene
100.20beta- gurjunene
120.40alpha- humulene
292.8014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
40.10  limonene
260.80epi-alpha- muurolol
30.10  myrcene
50.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.10beta- pinene
271.70  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
158.20beta- selinene
234.20  spathulenol
10.10  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 23, (2001)
baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
620.201,6-epoxyeudesm-4(15)-ene
690.10endo-1,5-epoxysalvial-4(15)-ene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
720.2010-epi-globulol
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
930.20(E)-5-hydroxynerolidol
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
680.204-epi-maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
920.104-methyl-6-isopropyl-1-tetralone
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.10allo- aromadendrene
160.30  bicyclogermacrene
140.10beta- caryophyllene
40.10exo-iso citral
50.30  citronellal
130.10beta- elemene
1248.50  geranial
72.30iso geranial
100.80  geraniol
170.10  germacrene B
30.50  linalool
10.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.40  myrcene
942.50  neral
61.20iso neral
80.20  nerol
110.20  piperitone
180.10  spathulenol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 735, (2000)
cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

callitris intratropica wood oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.60  bulnesol
192.30  cadalene
282.40  callitrin
341.40  callitrisin
370.10 callitrisin isomer 1
235.60  chamazulene
10.10  citronellic acid
352.90  columellarin
200.30(-)-alpha-costol
210.30(+)-alpha-costol
220.10(-)-gamma-costol
380.50 dihydrocallitrisin
3014.00  dihydrocolumellarin
270.60 elemanolide
40.50beta- elemene
121.30  elemol
90.70  eudesma-1,4(15),11-triene
290.10 eudesmanolide isomer
187.60alpha- eudesmol
1714.40beta- eudesmol
140.4010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
159.10gamma- eudesmol
50.20  geranic acid
360.30  germacranolide
256.20  guaiazulene
60.60alpha- guaiene
1313.70  guaiol
310.60isokhusenic acid isomer 1
320.20isokhusenic acid isomer 2
330.10isokhusenic acid isomer 3
260.60 methyl (E)-isocosticate
240.90 methyl (Z)-isocosticate
70.20(E,E)-methyl dihydrogeranate
20.20  methyl geranate
30.90  neric acid
80.80  selina-4,11-diene
102.20beta- selinene
111.50alpha- selinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 25, (2001)
campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
521.90epi-alpha-bisabolol
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
cananga odorata leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.4alpha- amorphene
250.6  bicyclogermacrene
273.0delta- cadinene
260.8gamma- cadinene
300.8alpha- cadinol
290.9T- cadinol
2026.3beta- caryophyllene
280.6  caryophyllene oxide
9trace1,8- cineole
172.9alpha- copaene
180.7beta- cubebene
191.4beta- elemene
151.1delta- elemene
2311.7  germacrene D
410.2  hexanol
12.0(E)-2- hexenal
30.2(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
23.1(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
226.3alpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
121.9  linalool
241.1alpha- muurolene
70.6  myrcene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
514.0alpha- pinene
64.5beta- pinene
13trace  terpinen-4-ol
140.3alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- ylangene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cedrela odorata wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.57allo- aromadendrene
230.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.53beta- bisabolol
270.04 brachyl oxide
121.30  cadina-1,4-diene
130.16alpha- cadinene
911.70delta- cadinene
100.20gamma- cadinene
260.12alpha- calacorene
240.70  calamenene
143.40  calarene
151.20  caryophyllene
415.60alpha- copaene
18.00alpha- cubebene
63.20beta- cubebene
300.96  cubenol
311.40epi- cubenol
86.80beta- curcumene
70.10beta- elemene
20.44delta- elemene
160.12gamma- elemene
181.80beta- farnesene
250.05  geranyl acetone
212.60  germacrene D
50.45alpha- gurjunene
192.10alpha- humulene
200.55  ledene
221.00alpha- muurolene
298.00(E)- nerolidol
280.09  palustrol
111.00sesquiphellandrene + ar-curcumene
320.08  spathulenol
30.38alpha- ylangene

E. J. Brunke, E. J. Hammerschmidt and F. H. Koster, Essential Oil of Cedrela odorata L. (Meliaceae) from Brazil-Revised List of Constituents. in Progress in Essential Oil Research. E. J. Brunke, ed. pp. 117-122, Walter de

Gruyter, Berlin (1986).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum zeylanicum leaf oil
The seasonal variation in the composition of cinnamon leaf oil produced from leaves harvested at different times of the year was studied by Kaul et al. (1996). They found that oil produced from leaves harvested either in the summer or in the winter possessed comparable chemical compositions, whereas an oil produced from leaves harvested in the rainy season had a reduced level of eugenol and an increased level of eugenyl acetate (Table VIII). Note: this page will only include the summer harvest.
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.43  benzyl benzoate
200.06delta- cadinene
30.12  camphene
170.48beta- caryophyllene
210.26  caryophyllene oxide
130.17(E)- cinnamaldehyde
160.19(E)- cinnamyl acetate
90.07  citronellal
60.36para- cymene
150.34beta- elemene
1493.94  eugenol
191.07  eugenyl acetate
180.12alpha- humulene
70.31 limonene + 1,8-cineole
80.86  linalool
50.23alpha- phellandrene
20.33alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
120.07  piperitone
100.09  terpinen-4-ol
110.10alpha- terpineol
10.03alpha- thujene

P. N. Kaul, A. K. Battacharya and B. R. Rajeswara Rae, Seasonal variation in the composition of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) leaves. Indian Perfum., 40(2), 36-38 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil CO2 extract mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.18  aromadendrene
351.91(E)-alpha- bergamotene
213.25  borneol
50.37  camphene
90.57delta-2- carene
341.46beta- caryophyllene
390.40beta- chamigrene
103.361,4- cineole
24tracepara- cymen-8-ol
113.07para- cymene
262.80  dihydrocarveol
320.13beta- elemene
40.03alpha- fenchene
27trace  geranial
31trace  geranyl acetate
450.21  germacrene B
380.45gamma- gurjunene
33trace(Z)- jasmone
1215.97  limonene
182.30  linalool
400.26gamma- muurolene
80.34  myrcene
290.52  nerol
300.17  neryl acetate
140.08(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.03alpha- pinene
70.17beta- pinene
60.28  sabinene
10.02alpha- santalene
370.35epi-beta- santalene
440.39alpha- selinene
413.15beta- selinene
225.31  terpinen-1-ol
235.72  terpinen-4-ol
162.46gamma- terpinene
204.52(E)-beta- terpineol
194.59(Z)-beta- terpineol
2527.66alpha- terpineol
175.28  terpinolene
150.15alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
420.10  valencene
280.60  verbenone
430.29  viridiflorene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption : deterpenation and high molecular weight compound elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 515-522 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
340.05beta- cubebene
210.11  decanal
280.05  decanol
320.02  decyl acetate
310.01  dodecanal
350.01beta- elemene
270.11  geranial
250.11  geraniol
1094.27  limonene
180.78  linalool
160.05(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.88  myrcene
240.03  neral
230.06  nerol
360.07(E)- nerolidol
300.04  neryl acetate
120.23(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.08  octanal
140.33  octanol
220.05  octyl acetate
260.03  perillaldehyde
80.02alpha- phellandrene
20.40alpha- pinene
50.33beta- pinene
40.08  sabinene
190.06  terpinen-4-ol
130.02gamma- terpinene
200.26alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
290.03alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa root oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20beta- bisabolene
70.90beta- caryophyllene
20.101,8- cineole
121.50ar- curcumene
171.00  curzerenone
30.05para- cymene
60.05beta- elemene
80.50alpha- humulene
10.05  limonene
113.00beta-sesqui phellandrene
50.05  terpinen-4-ol
40.90  terpinolene
130.15alpha,alpha,para- trimethyl benzyl alcohol
1430.00alpha- turmerone
1610.00ar- turmerone
1510.00beta- turmerone
91.50  zingiberene

T. S. Phan, N. H. Van, X. D. Nguyen and S. B. Luong, Chemical composition of the essential oil from rhizome Curcuma longa Linn. of Vietnam. Tap Chi Hoa Hoc, 25(1), 18-21 (1987).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon khasianus x c. pendulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.37beta- bisabolol
290.09delta- cadinene
130.53  camphor
270.36beta- caryophyllene
311.60  caryophyllene oxide
150.38  citronellal
250.08alpha- copaene
60.22para- cymene
190.26  decanal
260.13beta- elemene
300.14  elemol
2349.64  geranial
222.59  geraniol
242.81  geranyl acetate
10.08(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.19alpha- humulene
73.79  limonene
120.79  linalool
30.876- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.40  myrcene
2034.93  neral
90.13(E)-beta- ocimene
80.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.27alpha- phellandrene
20.06alpha- pinene
210.06  piperitone
161.23iso pulegol
170.15  terpinen-4-ol
100.04gamma- terpinene
180.06alpha- terpineol
140.17beta- terpineol
110.09  terpinolene
cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cymbopogon schoenanthus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.30  bulnesol
122.30delta-2- carene
9tracebeta- caryophyllene
20.10para- cymene
8tracebeta- elemene
115.80  elemol
151.30alpha- eudesmol
141.10beta- eudesmol
121.10gamma- eudesmol
33.90  limonene
51.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40.70(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
10trace3- methyl butyl octanoate
130.20T- muurolol
759.10  piperitone
61.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 207, (2000)
cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

echinophora cinerea oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.10beta- caryophyllene
120.10  citronellal
150.80  citronellol
76.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
180.10alpha- humulene
113.40  linalool
51.20  myrcene
192.20  myristicin
661.40alpha- phellandrene
810.70beta- phellandrene
29.60alpha- pinene
40.50beta- pinene
31.20  sabinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
130.70alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
140.10  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 82, (2001)
hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

juniperus communis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
70.10delta-4-carene
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

juniperus phoenicea wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.23  abietatriene
200.25gamma- cadinene
2trace  camphene
50.21delta-3- carene
230.96beta- caryophyllene
240.28  caryophyllene oxide
102.22para- cymen-8-ol
60.14para- cymene
170.62beta- elemene
150.36delta- elemene
160.57gamma- elemene
190.60 elemoferol
183.31  elemol
250.41alpha- humulene
140.46  juniper camphor
70.80  limonene
280.38  manoyl oxide
220.40alpha- muurolene
210.31gamma- muurolene
30.68  myrcene
169.00alpha- pinene
40.80beta- pinene
270.47  sandracopimaradiene
130.37  selina-3,7(11)-diene
110.41beta- selinene
122.15gamma- selinene
91.77alpha- terpineol
84.80alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. de Pascual Teresa, A. F. Barrero, M. C. Caballero, M. A. Ramos and A. San Feliciano, Components de las arcestidas de Juniperus phoenicea linneaus aceit esencial. Rivista Ital. 62, 353-354 (1981).

P&F 7, No. 4, 41, (1982)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
leptospermum scoparium branch/leaf oil new zealand
Porter and Wilkins (1998) reported the results of a GC and CC/MS analysis of manuka oil produced in New Zealand. The components identified in this somewhat uncommon oil were found to be:
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.33alpha- amorphene
293.81gamma- amorphene
110.05iso amyl 2-methyl butyrate
120.13iso amyl isovalerate
170.09iso amyl tiglate
252.09  aromadendrene
280.80allo- aromadendrene
385.94  cadina-1,4-diene
264.88  cadina-3,5-diene
366.02gamma- cadinene
3514.42  calamenene
242.63beta- caryophyllene
410.25  caryophyllene oxide
60.221,8- cineole
215.86alpha- copaene
270.37beta- copaene
193.95alpha- cubebene
50.16para- cymene
220.55beta- elemene
340.84alpha- farnesene
374.91  flavesone
231.02alpha- gurjunene
430.23  ledol
4515.54  leptospermone
444.62iso leptospermone
70.10  limonene
100.10  linalool
130.052- methyl butyl isovalerate
330.77alpha- muurolene
40.24  myrcene
390.24(E)- nerolidol
21.31alpha- pinene
30.12beta- pinene
140.24iso prenyl isovalerate
180.03isoprenyl tiglate
313.67beta- selinene
324.35alpha-selinene + viridiflorene
400.52  spathulenol
150.04  terpinen-4-ol
80.16gamma- terpinene
160.09alpha- terpineol
90.05  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
420.46  viridiflorol
200.32alpha- ylangene

N. G. Porter, P. E. Smale, M. A. Nelson, A. J. Hay, J. W. van Klink and C. M. Dean, Variability in essential oil chemistry and plant morphology within a Leptospermum population. New Zealand J. Bot., 36, 125-133 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

leptospermum scoparium var. eximium oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace  aromadendrene
220.30allo- aromadendrene
280.80  bicyclogermacrene
21tracealpha- bulnesene
290.90gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
320.30  caryophyllene oxide
100.101,8- cineole
14tracepara- cymene
170.10beta- elemene
3911.50alpha- eudesmol
4013.80beta- eudesmol
3813.60gamma- eudesmol
2tracealpha- fenchene
300.50  geraniol
353.30  globulol
230.40alpha- humulene
81.40  limonene
164.40  linalool
34trace(E)- methyl cinnamate
60.30  myrcene
330.40(E)- nerolidol
130.80(E)-beta- ocimene
110.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
310.40  palustrol
9tracebeta- phellandrene
118.10alpha- pinene
40.70beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
270.30alpha- selinene
260.30beta- selinene
371.80  spathulenol
190.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
240.30  viridiflorene
364.30  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophhy, B. J. Goldsack, A. R. Bean, P. I. Forester and B. J. Lepschi, Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 5. Leptospermum continentale and allies. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 98-104 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

lime oil distilled mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
350.06(E)-beta-ocimenol
330.09(Z)-beta-ocimenol
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
151.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
197.20  bicyclogermacrene
60.30  bornyl acetate
101.40beta- bourbonene
210.50gamma- cadinene
232.50delta- cadinene
20.30  camphene
1315.10beta- caryophyllene
262.60  caryophyllene oxide
140.20beta- cedrene
95.30alpha- copaene
80.20alpha- cubebene
110.50beta- cubebene
122.50beta- elemene
72.50delta- elemene
170.40(E)-beta- farnesene
203.10  germacrene A
250.30  germacrene B
221.80  germacrene C
1835.60  germacrene D
164.40alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
51.80(E)-beta- ocimene
10.70alpha- pinene
32.90  sabinene
240.40  selina-3,7(11)-diene
270.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 45, (2001)
mentha citrata herb oil
Lawrence (1978) used a combination of column chromatography, preparative and analytical GC and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the oils from three different strains of Menta citrata. The compounds identified in the oils were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.1-0.3 bicyclogermacrene + carvone
29<0.1-0.1delta- cadinene
22<0.1-2.1beta- caryophyllene
60.9-4.11,8- cineole
30<0.1-0.8  citronellol
90.0-0.1para- cymene
200.0-0.3beta- elemene
320.0-1.3  elemol
230.0-0.5(E)-beta- farnesene
31<0.1-1.0  geraniol
280.2-0.5  geranyl acetate
260.2-0.7  germacrene D
190.0-<0.1alpha- gurjunene
210.0-1.4  lavandulyl acetate
5<0.1-0.4  limonene
1710.3-38.1  linalool
1842.0-78.4  linalyl acetate
140.0-<0.1  menthofuran
130.0-0.4  menthone
150.0-0.2iso menthone
40.5-1.3  myrcene
250.7-1.1  neryl acetate
70.2-0.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
8<0.1-0.6(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
120.2-1.53- octanol
11<0.1-1.83- octyl acetate
10.0-0.1alpha- pinene
20.0-0.3beta- pinene
160.0-0.2iso pinocamphone
30.0-0.2  sabinene
240.6-7.3alpha- terpineol
100.0-0.1  terpinolene
33<0.1-3.0  viridiflorol

B. M. Lawrence, A study of the monoterpene interrelationships in the genus Mentha with special reference to the origin of pulegone and menthofuran. PhD thesis, Rijksuniversiteit, Groningen, Netherlands (1978).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
80.40para-menth-2-en-1-ol
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

michelia alba concrete
#%LeftshiftComponents
81.031,8- cineole
90.33para- cymene
120.46alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.58beta- elemene
221.23  geraniol
110.07(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
71.42  limonene
1472.76  linalool
130.78(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.10(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
190.14(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
160.41para-mentha-8,9-dien-1-ol
11.46  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
60.13  methyl angelate
170.20  methyl chavicol
250.38  methyl eugenol
50.05  methyl hexanoate
40.65  myrcene
210.39  nerol
242.582- phenethyl alcohol
230.102- phenethyl propionate
20.12alpha- pinene
32.39beta- pinene
186.04alpha- terpineol
100.55  terpinolene

Ueyama (1992).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40  aromadendrene
290.80  bicyclogermacrene
330.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
190.80beta- bourbonene
470.60 cadinadienol
341.10gamma- cadinene
372.60delta- cadinene
440.10T- cadinol
461.60alpha- cadinol
360.20(Z)- calamenene
450.10(Z)-calamenenol
2211.80beta- caryophyllene
410.90  caryophyllene oxide
182.00alpha- copaene
230.40beta- copaene
110.10  cryptone
150.10alpha- cubebene
350.20  cubebol
300.101-epi- cubenol
160.60  cyclosativene
70.40para- cymene
212.10beta- elemene
140.50delta- elemene
280.50(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
321.30  germacrene A
381.40  germacrene B
2721.60  germacrene D
400.30  germacrene D-4-ol
256.10alpha- humulene
422.70  humulene oxide II
91.10  limonene
100.50  linalool
261.10gamma- muurolene
311.10alpha- muurolene
390.70(E)- nerolidol
50.902- pentyl furan
80.80beta- phellandrene
60.10  phenyl acetaldehyde
29.60alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene
201.40  sativene
120.50  terpinen-4-ol
130.50alpha- terpineol
11.30alpha- thujene
430.10  widdrol
170.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 31, (2001)
murraya koenigii fruit oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
33<0.05  aromadendrene
280.40  bornyl acetate
370.10delta- cadinene
400.10T- cadinol
40.40  camphene
9<0.05delta-3- carene
313.00beta- caryophyllene
110.10para- cymene
250.10  decanal
17<0.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
30<0.05beta- elemene
41<0.05beta- eudesmol
42<0.05(E,E)- farnesol
270.10  geraniol
39<0.05  globulol
320.10beta- gurjunene
34<0.05gamma- gurjunene
350.60alpha- humulene
123.50  limonene
190.10  linalool
73.10  myrcene
260.10  nerol
380.10(E)- nerolidol
290.20  neryl acetate
140.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.50(E)-beta- ocimene
82.70alpha- phellandrene
1323.10beta- phellandrene
348.10alpha- pinene
67.10beta- pinene
50.10  sabinene
20<0.05(Z)- sabinene hydrate
360.10alpha- selinene
230.30  terpinen-4-ol
100.20alpha- terpinene
163.00gamma- terpinene
22<0.05(E)-beta- terpineol
210.10(Z)-beta- terpineol
240.20alpha- terpineol
180.70  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
1<0.05  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 766, (2000)
murraya koenigii leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.10  aromadendrene
290.70  bornyl acetate
400.10delta- cadinene
460.10T- cadinol
30.20  camphene
8<0.05delta-3- carene
334.90beta- caryophyllene
440.10  caryophyllene oxide
310.10alpha- copaene
100.10para- cymene
260.10  decanal
17<0.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
320.20beta- elemene
410.30  elemol
470.20beta- eudesmol
480.20(E,E)- farnesol
28<0.05  geraniol
450.20  globulol
380.10(Z)-beta- guaiene
34<0.05beta- gurjunene
360.10gamma- gurjunene
371.20alpha- humulene
230.10  lavandulol
115.10  limonene
192.00  linalool
62.40  myrcene
270.10  nerol
420.30(E)- nerolidol
300.10  neryl acetate
147.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
76.10alpha- phellandrene
1249.00beta- phellandrene
29.00alpha- pinene
51.50beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
16<0.05(E)- sabinene hydrate
20<0.05(Z)- sabinene hydrate
390.20alpha- selinene
430.10  spathulenol
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
90.20alpha- terpinene
150.20gamma- terpinene
22<0.05(E)-beta- terpineol
210.30(Z)-beta- terpineol
250.60alpha- terpineol
180.20  terpinolene
10.10alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 766, (2000)
ocimum basilicum absolute egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.30(E)-alpha- bergamotene
160.32alpha- bisabolene
60.20  borneol
50.45  camphor
110.21beta- caryophyllene
22.281,8- cineole
100.48beta- elemene
826.49  eugenol
141.26  germacrene D
150.20alpha- guaiene
10.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
130.22alpha- humulene
433.00  linalool
711.23  methyl chavicol
90.48  methyl eugenol
30.31(E)-beta- ocimene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.10  camphene
310.01  cedrol
73.301,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.77alpha- cubebene
270.02  dibutyl octane dioate
180.73beta- elemene
320.06beta- eudesmol
23trace  germacrene B
240.05beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
280.11beta- himachalene
50.01  limonene
161.48  linalool
1985.52  methyl chavicol
260.56  methyl eugenol
120.086- methyl-3-heptanone
40.05  myrcene
150.01(Z)-allo-ocimene
82.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
300.79beta- patchoulene
60.03alpha- phellandrene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.12  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
202.51beta- selinene
210.72alpha- terpineol
140.08  terpinolene
290.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

ocimum basilicum herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
186.76(E)-alpha- bergamotene
20trace  bisabolene
221.10(Z)-delta-bisabolene
211.15gamma- cadinene
2618.14T- cadinol
6trace  camphor
1748.70beta- caryophyllene
241.25  caryophyllene oxide
40.431,8- cineole
130.99alpha- copaene
252.46  cubenol
29trace  docosene
150.96beta- elemene
11tracedelta- elemene
124.00  eugenol
31trace henitriacontane
27trace  hexadecene
196.00alpha- humulene
90.55  lavandulyl acetate
51.55  linalool
80.68  methyl chavicol
142.50(E)- methyl cinnamate
10trace(Z)- methyl cinnamate
160.61  methyl eugenol
30trace  nonacosane
28trace  octadecene
10.16alpha- pinene
30.25beta- pinene
20.10  sabinene
231.50  spathulenol
70.16alpha- terpineol
32trace  tritriacotane

P. Pallado, G. Tassinato, M. D'AIpaos and P. Traldi, Gas chromatography/mass spectmetry in aroma chemistry: a comparison of essential oils and flavours extracted by classical and supercritical techniques. Rapid Commun, Mass Spectro., 11, 1335-3341 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum basilicum herb oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.48(E)-alpha- bergamotene
211.29alpha- bisabolene
90.23  camphor
161.05beta- caryophyllene
63.391,8- cineole
140.19alpha- copaene
150.11beta- elemene
110.29  eugenol
180.20(E)-beta- farnesene
200.72  germacrene D
190.22alpha- humulene
50.23  limonene
81.85  linalool
1081.10  methyl chavicol
120.15  methyl cinnamate
133.92  methyl eugenol
40.21  myrcene
70.76(E)-beta- ocimene
10.28alpha- pinene
30.35beta- pinene
20.13  sabinene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum herb oil poland
#%LeftshiftComponents
212.18alpha- bergamolene
310.13  bicyclogermacrene
200.67  bornyl acetate
180.70beta- bourbonene
390.52delta- cadinol
2trace  camphene
50.11delta-3- carene
251.42beta- caryophyllene
90.721,8- cineole
350.11  citronellol
170.37alpha- copaene
340.04ar- curcumene
120.02para- cymene
220.86beta- elemene
380.62  eugenol
360.02  geraniol
330.05  geranyl acetate
305.07  germacrene D
270.78alpha- humulene
80.11  limonene
1954.06  linalool
230.06  linalyl acetate
150.30para-menthene
261.44  menthol
160.32iso menthone
288.68  methyl chavicol
371.02  methyl eugenol
60.08  myrcene
100.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.11allo- ocimene
10.83alpha- pinene
30.08beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.06alpha- terpinene
110.15gamma- terpinene
290.91alpha- terpineol
130.03  terpinolene
320.85alpha- terpinyl acetate

E. Kostrzewa and K. Karwowska, Chemical composition of the essential oil from sweet basil grown in Poland. Prace Inst. Lab. Bad. Przem Spoz., 44, 97-107(1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.35  camphene
300.02  cedrol
75.471,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.66alpha- cubebene
180.90beta- elemene
310.08beta- eudesmol
230.01  germacrene B
240.08beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
270.13beta- himachalene
50.02  limonene
160.37  linalool
1984.69  methyl chavicol
262.44  methyl eugenol
120.176- methyl-3-heptanone
40.13  myrcene
150.02(Z)-allo-ocimene
81.33(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
290.90beta- patchoulene
60.08alpha- phellandrene
10.13alpha- pinene
30.22  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
200.54beta- selinene
210.90alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
280.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
189.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
20trace  bisabolene
22trace(Z)-delta-bisabolene
214.12gamma- cadinene
265.79T- cadinol
60.46  camphor
171.08beta- caryophyllene
24trace  caryophyllene oxide
44.801,8- cineole
139.68alpha- copaene
251.08  cubenol
29trace  docosene
15tracebeta- elemene
11tracedelta- elemene
1212.40  eugenol
31trace henitriacontane
27trace  hexadecene
190.62alpha- humulene
90.78  lavandulyl acetate
532.00  linalool
811.40  methyl chavicol
141.40(E)- methyl cinnamate
101.70(Z)- methyl cinnamate
161.40  methyl eugenol
30trace  nonacosane
28trace  octadecene
1tracealpha- pinene
30.14beta- pinene
2trace  sabinene
230.62  spathulenol
70.93alpha- terpineol
32trace  tritriacotane

P. Pallado, G. Tassinato, M. D'AIpaos and P. Traldi, Gas chromatography/mass spectmetry in aroma chemistry: a comparison of essential oils and flavours extracted by classical and supercritical techniques. Rapid Commun, Mass Spectro., 11, 1335-3341 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum basilicum var. glabratum oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
243.08(E)-alpha- bergamotene
191.08  bornyl acetate
291.51gamma- cadinene
313.06T- cadinol
30.10  camphene
160.58  camphor
230.17beta- caryophyllene
116.871,8- cineole
300.47  cubenol
9tracepara- cymene
220.30beta- elemene
280.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
271.00  germacrene D
250.46alpha- humulene
10trace  limonene
1543.73  linalool
140.60(E)- linalool oxide
130.39(Z)- linalool oxide
2127.28(E)- methyl cinnamate
204.63(Z)- methyl cinnamate
260.21gamma- muurolene
60.18  myrcene
7tracealpha- phellandrene
20.43alpha- pinene
50.53beta- pinene
40.14  sabinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol
8tracealpha- terpinene
12tracegamma- terpinene
180.63alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

M. J, Perez-Alomo, A, Velwco-Negueruela, M. D. Dwa, M. Harmanda and J. L. Estaben, Composition of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum and Rosmarinus officinalis from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 73-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum gratissimum herb oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.40allo- aromadendrene
315.74 aromadendrene + germacrene D
5trace  benzaldehyde
40.14  camphene
285.50beta- caryophyllene
133.281,8- cineole
262.03beta- elemene
230.17delta- elemene
2419.26  eugenol
291.43alpha- humulene
120.20  limonene
181.32  linalool
22trace  methyl chavicol
25trace  methyl cinnamate
2746.83  methyl eugenol
90.35  myrcene
190.19  myrtenol
150.33(E)-beta- ocimene
143.65(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.083- octanol
80.151- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.44beta- pinene
60.80  sabinene
20trace  terpinen-4-ol
110.14alpha- terpinene
160.07gamma- terpinene
210.31alpha- terpineol
170.11  terpinolene
2tracealpha- thujene
1trace  tricyclene

O. Vostrowksy, W. Garbe and J. G. S. Maia, Essential oil of Alfavaca, Ocimurn gratissimum from Brazlian Amazon. Ziet Naturforsch., 45c, 1073-1076 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

orange bigarade oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.10  camphene
 4.14  camphor
 2.481,8- cineole
 0.47  citronellol
 0.28para- cymen-8-ol
 1.01para- cymene
 0.32  decyl acetate
 0.36  dodecane
 0.31beta- elemene
 1.71  geranyl acetate
 0.42  geranyl formate
 0.42alpha- guaiene
 20.69  linalool
 1.02(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.81(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 30.72  linalyl acetate
 0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.20  myrcene
 4.12  neryl acetate
 11.73iso nonyl acetate
 0.62  nonyl acetate
 0.36  nopol
 0.11alpha- pinene
 0.50beta- pinene
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 3.75alpha- terpineol
 3.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
 1.363,5,5- trimethyl hexanol
orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
275.50(Z)- asarone
295.70(E)- asarone
160.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
11tracebeta- bourbonene
1452.90beta- caryophyllene
130.80iso caryophyllene
252.20  caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8- cineole
40.20para- cymene
10trace(E)-beta- damascenone
120.20beta- elemene
23trace(Z)-iso elemicin
220.10(E,Z)-alpha- farnesene
200.60(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
191.20(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
1723.80alpha- humulene
281.40  humulene oxide I
31trace isomer of apiole 1
32trace isomer of apiole 2
80.20  linalool
180.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
150.20(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
9trace  methyl salicylate
260.30iso myristicin
240.90(E)- nerolidol
7trace  nonanal
3trace3- octanol
20.103- octanone
10.201- octen-3-ol
332.50 other compounds
60.10gamma- terpinene
300.102,4,5- trimethoxybenzaldehyde
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 18, (2001)
palmarosa oil bangladesh
#%LeftshiftComponents
201.20beta- caryophyllene
270.20  caryophyllene oxide
4tracepara- cymene
190.10beta- elemene
281.90(E,E)- farnesol
290.10(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
160.20  geranial
1582.20  geraniol
1810.10  geranyl acetate
250.10  geranyl butyrate
17trace  geranyl formate
23trace  germacrene A
210.10alpha- humulene
50.30  limonene
110.90  linalool
2trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
30.20  myrcene
140.10  neral
130.10  nerol
260.10(E)- nerolidol
12trace  nonanal
71.00(E)-beta- ocimene
60.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace  octanol
1tracebeta- pinene
24trace7-epi-alpha-santalene
220.10alpha- selinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
10trace  terpinolene

J. U. Chowdhury, M. Yusuf, J. Begum, L. Mondello, P. Previti and G. Dugo, Studies on the essential oil bearing plants of Bangladesh. Part IV. Composition of the leaf oils of three Cymbopogon species: C. flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) Wats., C. nardus (L.) Rendlevar. confertiflorus (Stead.) N. L. Bor and C. martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. martinii. J. Essent. Oil Res., 10, 301-306 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

patchouli oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.34alpha-bulnesene + delta-guaiene
110.14 bulnesene oxide
420.64beta- caryophyllene
120.30  caryophyllene oxide
22.01alpha- copaene
16.08beta- elemene
100.11 guaiene oxide
30.04beta- gurjunene
722.20alpha- patchoulene
513.75beta- patchoulene
131.18nor patchoulenol
80.07  patchoulenone
1433.74  patchouli alcohol
90.06 patchouli oxide
160.05 patchouli pyridine
150.44  pogostol

S. R. Srinivas, Atlas of Essential Oils, published by author, Bronx, NY (1986).

P&F 15, No. 2, 75, (1990)

pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
persea americana fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
10trace  benzothiazole
183.00(E)-alpha- bergamotene
222.30  bicyclogermacrene
2415.90beta- bisabolene
255.00delta- cadinene
176.40beta- caryophyllene
139.40alpha- copaene
143.20beta- cubebene
111.40  cyclosativene
5tracepara- cymene
99.40(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
273.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
318.901- eicosene
15tracebeta- elemene
1trace  ethyl acetate
231.40(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
192.20(E)-beta- farnesene
209.50  germacrene D
21trace(E)-ionone
62.80  limonene
7trace  linalool
42.30  myrcene
2690.00(E)- nerolidol
293.80(E)- nerolidol acetate
302.40  pimaradiene
25.20alpha- pinene
330.40beta- pinene
83.20  terpinen-4-ol
282.802,4- tetradecadienal
161.601- tetradecene
12tracealpha- ylangene
(ug/kg) J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 377, (2000)
petitgrain mandarin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.03(E)- anethole
15trace  benzaldehyde
180.03(E)-beta- bergamotene
280.03  bicyclogermacrene
310.06gamma- cadinene
210.30beta- caryophyllene
160.25  citronellal
300.06  citronellol
23trace  citronellyl formate
140.02alpha- copaene
37tracepara- cymen-8-ol
90.32para- cymene
191.28beta- elemene
24trace  ethyl decanoate
440.08  ethyl heptadecanoate
360.06  ethyl laurate
470.60  ethyl linoleate
483.33  ethyl linolenate
410.06  ethyl myristate
120.04  ethyl octanoate
433.36  ethyl palmitate
330.06  ethyl phenyl acetate
460.16  ethyl stearate
290.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
250.02(E)-beta- farnesene
350.10  geraniol
110.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
26tracealpha- humulene
72.88  limonene
1724.80  linalool
32trace  methyl salicylate
42.00  myrcene
39trace  myrtenol
400.02  nerolidol
84.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.01alpha- phellandrene
380.032- phenethyl alcohol
490.74  phytol
10.98alpha- pinene
20.62beta- pinene
327.20  sabinene
132.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
450.48alpha- sinensal
421.60beta- sinensal
22trace  terpinen-1-ol
202.21  terpinen-4-ol
60.26alpha- terpinene
271.28alpha- terpineol
100.32  terpinolene

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai, Part III. Mandarin leaf oil (Citrus recticulata Blanco). J. Essent, Oil Res., 2, 331-334 (1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain sweet oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.66delta-3- carene
470.20trans- carveol
490.21cis- carveol
500.10  caryophyllene oxide
221.52  citronellal
421.30  citronellol
300.70  citronellyl acetate
440.60  cuminaldehyde
480.50para- cymen-8-ol
80.09ortho- cymene
143.17para- cymene
170.082,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
390.312- dodecanone
260.03beta- elemene
310.17(E)-beta- farnesene
381.72  geranial
410.32  geranyl acetate
360.31  geranyl formate
109.76  limonene
2412.09  linalool
210.89(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
201.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.30  linalyl acetate
510.29para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
120.12ortho- mentha-1(7),5,8-triene
430.09para- methyl acetophenone
340.20  methyl geranate
160.476- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.40  myrcene
290.50  myrtenal
450.07  myrtenol
321.01  neral
460.66  nerol
370.08  neryl acetate
180.753- octanol
190.16  perillene
110.01beta- phellandrene
10.95alpha- pinene
41.76beta- pinene
520.46para-iso propyl anisole
280.51iso pulegol
522.32  sabinene
230.61  sabinene hydrate
273.33  terpinen-4-ol
130.11gamma- terpinene
90.08alpha-terpinene + heptanal + 2-methyl-2-butenal
331.09alpha- terpineol
150.02  terpinolene
350.12alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
30.08  toluene
400.392,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hydroxytetrahydropyran

A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Meklati, D. Fraisse and C. Scharff, Analysis of leaf oils from four varieties of sweet orange by combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Flav. Fragr. J., 3, 47-52 ( 1988).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petroselinum crispum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3927.96 apiole
250.02alpha- bergamotene
480.04  bergapten
300.41beta- bisabolene
190.02  bornyl acetate
370.783- butyl phthalide
380.63(E)- butylidene phthalide
40trace(Z)- butylidene phthalide
350.01  carotol
240.02beta- caryophyllene
220.02alpha- copaene
71.46para- cymene
120.04para- cymenene
18trace(E)-2- decenal
170.77(Z)-2- decenal
291.672,6- dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl) phenol
231.59beta- elemene
330.71  elemicin
521.79  falcarindiol
4915.00  falcarinol
260.01(E)-beta- farnesene
270.17  germacrene D
550.37  heraclenol
460.37  hexadecanoic acid
540.04  imperatorin
422.79(E)- ligustilide
440.01(Z)- ligustilide
130.15  linalool
510.01  linoleic acid
140.49para- menthatriene
500.06  methyl linoleate
51.94  myrcene
318.70  myristicin
360.06iso myristicin
150.05  myrtenal
340.02  nerolidol
90.02(E)-beta- ocimene
60.39alpha- phellandrene
81.72beta- phellandrene
328.51beta-sesqui phellandrene
531.06iso pimpinellin
20.25alpha- pinene
42.00beta- pinene
451.24  psoralen
30.01  sabinene
412.29  sedanenolide
430.05(E)-sedanolide
100.09gamma- terpinene
112.50  terpinolene
21tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
10.14alpha- thujene
160.20  undecatriene
200.424- vinyl guaiacol
470.24  xanthotoxin
280.05  zingiberene

M. Spraul, Strukteraufklarung Wertgebender Inhaltsstoffe aus Petersilienblatten, - Wurzeln and -samen sowie aus Dillbluten. Ph.D. thesis Technische Universtat, Munchen (1991).

P&F 21, No. 4, 57, (1996)

petroselinum crispum leaf oil cuba
In 1997, Pino et al. analyLed a parsley leaf oil that was produced from plants grown in Cuba. Using CC/MS as the method of analysis the oil was determined to contain the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.02alpha- amorphene
3414.40 apiole
110.02  benzyl alcohol
210.02(E)-beta- bergamotene
321.42  carotol
190.24beta- caryophyllene
140.03  citronellal
160.09para- cymen-8-ol
50.03para- cymene
90.28alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.61beta- elemene
200.21gamma- elemene
281.70  elemicin
290.02iso elemicin
300.02  elemol
230.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.09  germacrene D
330.28  guaiol
220.03alpha- humulene
70.06  limonene
123.90para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
130.05para- mentha-1,4,8-triene
150.03para- menthatriene
30.84  myrcene
2663.90  myristicin
310.03  nerolidol
40.09alpha- phellandrene
61.60beta- phellandrene
271.04beta-sesqui phellandrene
10.03alpha- pinene
20.01beta- pinene
80.03gamma- terpinene
100.72  terpinolene
170.02  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Herb oil of parsley (Petroselinum crispum Mill.) from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 241-242 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40beta- bisabolene
2512.60gamma- bisabolene
323.50beta- bisabolol
132.60beta- bourbonene
261.80delta- cadinene
311.10alpha- cadinol
168.70beta- caryophyllene
281.90  caryophyllene oxide
291.00epi- cedrol
121.20alpha- copaene
101.90alpha- cubebene
140.80beta- cubebene
230.30  cuparene
80.30  decanal
150.30beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
191.20(E)-beta- farnesene
170.80(Z)-beta- farnesene
270.90  germacrene B
2017.80  germacrene D
360.60  heneicosane
353.60  hexadecanoic acid
181.20alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
60.70  linalool
220.30alpha- muurolene
301.00epi-alpha- muurolol
340.30  nonadecane
70.50  nonanal
50.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
28.90alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
10.40alpha- thujene
372.30  tricosane
333.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
111.70alpha- ylangene
210.80  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 355, (2000)
phoebe porosa mez. oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.661,10- aristolene
350.11  aromadendrene
392.67allo- aromadendrene
332.54(E)-alpha- bergamotene
280.51(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
703.33alpha- bisabolol
692.50beta- bisabolol
150.01  borneol
490.11  cadina-1(10),4-diene
483.28delta- cadinene
461.20gamma- cadinene
501.06alpha- calacorene
591.20alpha-calacorene epoxide
471.47  calamenene
30.03  camphene
80.20delta-3- carene
301.15beta- caryophyllene
541.09beta- caryophyllene oxide
290.11alpha- cedrene
110.451,8- cineole
256.25alpha- copaene
210.42alpha- cubebene
412.49beta- curcumene
230.33  cyclosativene
90.38para- cymene
270.44beta- elemene
200.06delta- elemene
510.59  elemol
608.78  eremoligenol
612.55 eremophil-9,10-en-11-ol
582.1210-epi-gamma- eudesmol
682.367-epi-delta-eudesmol
672.37alpha- eudesmol
656.86beta- eudesmol
620.12gamma- eudesmol
371.28(E)-beta- farnesene
340.63(Z)-beta-farnesene + alpha-amorphene
180.15  geraniol
220.05  geranyl acetate
360.23  guaia-3,7-diene
320.50gamma- gurjunene
633.25  hinesol
381.36alpha- humulene
561.08  humulene oxide I
570.70  ledol
100.10  limonene
140.11  linalool
450.10alpha- muurolene
400.22gamma- muurolene
60.04  myrcene
520.74(E)- nerolidol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
21.29alpha- pinene
50.34beta- pinene
40.03  sabinene
190.70  safrole
431.07alpha- selinene
421.15beta- selinene
530.66  spathulenol
160.29  terpinen-4-ol
120.03gamma- terpinene
170.07alpha- terpineol
130.01  terpinolene
10.04alpha- thujene
261.95sesqui thujene
640.78  torreyol
667.55  valerianol
440.77  viridiflorene
551.19  viridiflorol
240.44alpha- ylangene

T. Reynolds and G. Kite, Volatile constituents of Phoebe pomsa Mez. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 415-418 (1995).

P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil
In 1991, Tucker et al. analyzed the chemical composition of two commercial samples of the leaf oil of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore var. racemosa using both GC and GC/MS. The components that were identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.00-0.39alpha- amorphene
380.00-0.09  aromadendrene
400.00-0.28allo- aromadendrene
410.00-<0.01beta- cadinene
490.28-1.03delta- cadinene
470.05-0.15gamma- cadinene
550.00-0.30alpha- cadinol
530.00-<0.01gamma- cadinol
48<0.01-0.07(Z)- calamenene
30.00-0.14  camphene
210.00-<0.01  camphor
360.64-7.24beta- caryophyllene
420.00-0.17beta- chamigrene
26<0.01-15.51  chavicol
141.38-1.391,8- cineole
270.00-0.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
320.32-0.41alpha- copaene
300.00-<0.01alpha- cubebene
230.00-<0.01para- cymen-8-ol
19<0.01-0.97para- cymene
120.00-0.30alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
330.00-0.20beta- elemene
3144.41-68.93  eugenol
500.00-0.51  eugenyl acetate
460.00-0.59alpha- farnesene
290.00-0.22  geranial
280.00-0.12  geraniol
520.00-0.36  globulol
350.00-0.13alpha- gurjunene
390.15-1.31alpha- humulene
132.07-3.90  limonene
200.13-3.63  linalool
250.03-0.05  methyl chavicol
340-11.88  methyl eugenol
450.00-0.05alpha- muurolene
540.00-<0.01gamma-muurolol
80.10-16.17  myrcene
160.08-1.42(E)-beta- ocimene
150.08-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.00-0.843- octanol
70.00-1.103- octanone
50.00-1.741- octen-3-ol
100.07-0.45alpha- phellandrene
20.46-0.47alpha- pinene
60.00-0.09beta- pinene
40.00-<0.1  sabinene
440.00-0.63alpha- selinene
430.00-0.33beta- selinene
510.00-0.12  spathulenol
220.05-0.90  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.19alpha- terpinene
17<0.01-0.16gamma- terpinene
240.14-0.52alpha- terpineol
180.09-0.24  terpinolene
10.0-<0.1alpha- thujene

A. Tucker, M. J. Macirarello, R. P. Adams, L. R. Landrum and T. A. Zanoni, Volatile leaf oils of Caribbean Myrtaceae 1. Three varieties of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore of the Dominican Republic and the commerciai bay oil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 3, 323-329 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
191.60alpha- agarofuran
260.20  bulnesol
181.30delta- cadinene
242.40alpha- cadinol
25.30  camphene
60.40delta-3- carene
142.30beta- caryophyllene
120.20alpha- copaene
100.30alpha- cubebene
1732.30(Z)-dihydroagarofuran
130.60beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
206.70beta- elemol
217.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
231.60beta- eudesmol
221.00gamma- eudesmol
150.90alpha- humulene
70.70  limonene
80.30para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
162.90gamma- muurolene
50.50  myrcene
110.20alpha- pinene
47.40beta- pinene
33.50  sabinene
252.10  valerianol
110.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 443, (2000)
piper nigrum fruit oil black
#%LeftshiftComponents
261.00alpha- amorphene
321.20  bisabolene
420.20beta- bisabolol
330.50delta- cadinene
390.20 cadinol
30.20  camphene
62.00delta-3- carene
190.10  carvone oxide
245.30beta- caryophyllene
360.10  caryophyllene alcohol
37trace  caryophyllene oxide
160.10  citronellal
221.20alpha- copaene
210.10alpha- cubebene
23tracebeta- elemene
200.10delta- elemene
340.30  elemol
41tracealpha- eudesmol
40tracebeta- eudesmol
250.10  farnesene
280.10alpha- guaiene
38trace  guaiol
270.60alpha- humulene
924.00  limonene
140.30  linalool
130.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
150.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.10gamma- muurolene
353.00  nerolidol
100.50(E)-beta- ocimene
80.60beta- phellandrene
27.80alpha- pinene
515.70beta- pinene
417.90  sabinene
290.10beta- selinene
170.60  terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
110.50gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
120.10  terpinolene
12.10alpha- thujene
31trace  valencene

N. Chacko, A. Jayalekshmy, M. Gopalakrishnan and C. S. Natarajan, Roasting studies on black pepper(Piper nigrum L.), Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 305-310 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.10(E)- anethole
290.50iso borneol
46tracebeta- bourbonene
70.30  camphene
270.70  camphor
111.50delta-3- carene
48tracebeta- caryophyllene
54trace  caryophyllene oxide
200.101,8- cineole
450.10alpha- copaene
313.60para- cymen-8-ol
130.40para- cymene
190.20para- cymenene
470.10beta- elemene
420.10  eugenol
490.20beta- farnesene
6tracealpha- fenchene
2230.80  fenchone
241.50alpha- fenchyl alcohol
521.40  germacrene D
510.10beta- gurjunene
30.10  hexanol
20.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
11.20(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
500.20alpha- humulene
550.10  humulene oxide
400.704- hydroxypiperitone
370.10(Z)-2-hydroxypiperitone
390.60(E)-2-hydroxypiperitone
143.20  limonene
23trace  linalool
250.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
530.10alpha- muurolene
92.20  myrcene
300.80  neral
570.20  nerolidol
160.60(E)-beta- ocimene
100.70alpha- phellandrene
150.20beta- phellandrene
58trace  phytol
50.60alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
411.30  piperitenone
4310.90  piperitenone oxide
34trace  piperitone
360.50(E)- piperitone oxide
353.00(Z)- piperitone oxide
441.80iso pulegone
21trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
560.10  spathulenol
280.10  terpinen-4-ol
120.80alpha- terpinene
170.20gamma- terpinene
320.30alpha- terpineol
1825.20  terpinolene
4tracealpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 73, (2001)
polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.40allo- aromadendrene
110.20  aromadendrene
30.20  bicycloelemene
214.30  bicyclogermacrene
50.30beta- bourbonene
240.30  cadina-1,4-diene
230.50gamma- cadinene
221.20delta- cadinene
320.90T- cadinol
350.80alpha- cadinol
260.30  calacorene
250.30  calamenene
107.50beta- caryophyllene
279.50  caryophyllene oxide
42.70alpha- copaene
10.30alpha- cubebene
70.30beta- cubebene
91.00beta- elemene
20.40delta- elemene
186.80  germacrene D
291.50  globulol
6tracealpha- gurjunene
152.40alpha- humulene
331.10T- muurolol
340.60alpha- muurolol
191.50beta- selinene
201.10alpha- selinene
3118.60  spathulenol
121.10 unknown a
140.10 unknown b
160.90 unknown c
282.20 unknown d
170.60  viridiflorene
301.10  viridiflorol
80.30beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
polyalthia michaelii leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  bicycloelemene
234.00  bicyclogermacrene
110.20beta- bourbonene
250.40gamma- cadinene
240.80delta- cadinene
20.60delta-3- carene
151.70beta- caryophyllene
263.40  caryophyllene oxide
100.20alpha- copaene
70.20alpha- cubebene
120.20beta- cubebene
270.30  cubenol
5tracepara- cymene
140.60beta- elemene
80.40delta- elemene
160.10gamma- elemene
200.70  germacrene D
282.40  globulol
180.50alpha- humulene
40.10  limonene
3trace  myrcene
10.30alpha- pinene
210.40beta- selinene
220.40alpha- selinene
3042.20  spathulenol
6trace  terpinolene
130.20 unknown a
170.30 unknown b
190.90 unknown c
290.80  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
ribes nigrum bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38trace-0.33allo- aromadendrene
400.00-1.51  bicyclogermacrene
300.00-2.00  bornyl acetate
41trace-0.15delta- cadinene
3trace-2.41  camphene
90.17-45.50delta-3- carene
7trace-0.55delta-4-carene
351.20-4.98beta- caryophyllene
44trace-1.48  caryophyllene oxide
280.00-0.18  citronellol
32trace-0.42  citronellyl acetate
26trace-0.66para- cymen-8-ol
11trace-0.17meta- cymene
12trace-0.48para- cymene
34trace-0.14beta- elemene
31trace-0.24delta- elemene
360.00-1.62gamma- elemene
220.00-0.20(Z)-1,2- epoxylimonene
420.00-1.12  germacrene B
390.00-1.51  germacrene D
37trace-2.00alpha- humulene
450.00-0.52  humulene oxide
130.17-14.12  limonene
29trace-0.12  linalyl acetate
210.00-0.18(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
230.00-0.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
24trace-0.66para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
62.89-3.61  myrcene
161.21-3.12(E)-beta- ocimene
150.00-5.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
8trace-1.58alpha- phellandrene
141.72-24.63beta- phellandrene
21.30-9.23alpha- pinene
50.17-10.22beta- pinene
4trace-69.00  sabinene
18trace-0.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.00-0.46(Z)- sabinene hydrate
43trace-2.70  spathulenol
460.00-0.18iso spathulenol
250.40-4.52  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-1.32alpha- terpinene
17trace-1.80gamma- terpinene
27trace-0.22alpha- terpineol
190.40-20.00  terpinolene
33trace-0.40alpha- terpinyl acetate
1trace-1.90alpha- thujene

J. L. Le Quere and A. Latrasse, Composition of the essential oils of Blackcurrant bud (Ribes nigram L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 3-10 (1990).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

rose oil otto bulgaria
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02  amyl alcohol
10.01iso amyl alcohol
440.10  benzyl benzoate
350.17beta- bergamotene
310.77beta- caryophyllene
2038.22  citronellol
250.45  citronellyl acetate
230.13  citronellyl formate
110.09para- cymene
300.08beta- elemene
380.07  eudesmol
260.82  eugenol
280.20beta- farnesene
421.98(E,E)- farnesol
400.21(Z,Z)- farnesol
2214.41  geraniol
270.74  geranyl acetate
240.06  geranyl formate
320.50alpha- guaiene
410.19  heptadecane
60.09  heptanal
30.03  hexanal
50.26  hexanol
40.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.37alpha- humulene
120.13  limonene
133.14  linalool
291.71  methyl isoeugenol
90.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.08alpha- muurolene
390.17 nardostachyol
210.05  nerol
80.063- octanol
360.70  pentadecane
170.05  perillyl alcohol
160.132- phenethyl alcohol
70.38alpha- pinene
431.127-isopropyl-1,8-dimethyl naphthalenone
151.39(E)- rose oxide
140.32(Z)- rose oxide
100.18  sabinene
340.53beta- selinene
180.41  terpinen-4-ol
190.94alpha- terpineol

X-Y. Ma, H-P. Pan, F-X. Zhao, H-Q. Li and X-Z. Chen, Chemical constituents in essential oils from transplanted roses of European origin. Fenxi Cheshi Xuebao., 12(5), 1-6 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

salvia atropatana bunge oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1916.30beta- caryophyllene
260.70  caryophyllene oxide
171.40beta- elemene
151.10delta- elemene
270.60beta- eudesmol
2310.00  germacrene B
224.10  germacrene D
183.10alpha- gurjunene
210.70gamma- gurjunene
111.90  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
40.10  hexyl acetate
241.40  hexyl benzoate
101.30  hexyl butyrate
163.90  hexyl hexanoate
2512.20  hexyl octanoate
124.60  hexyl valerate
200.80alpha- humulene
50.10  limonene
92.30  linalool
281.00  manool
60.10(E)-beta- ocimene
140.40  octyl butyrate
10.10alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
20.10  sabinene
2913.30  sclareol
70.10gamma- terpinene
80.20  terpinolene
130.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 575, (2000)
salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1470.47alpha- amorphene
1461.43allo- aromadendrene
1620.18  aromadendrene
1751.29  bicyclogermacrene
1740.72beta- bisabolene
1163.54  borneol
1590.16  bornyl acetate
1510.08gamma- cadinene
1510.53delta- cadinene
2180.15T- cadinol
 0.41alpha- cadinol
15313.08  camphor
1150.03delta-3- carene
1290.83  carvacrol
1610.19beta- caryophyllene
1570.16  caryophyllene oxide
1036.661,8- cineole
1490.01alpha- copaene
1490.34epi- cubebol
1180.17para- cymen-8-ol
1021.52para- cymene
1380.06beta- damascenone
1380.16beta- elemene
1330.07delta- elemene
 0.47beta- eudesmol
1350.83  eugenol
1500.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1141.01 geigerene
1850.33  geraniol
1850.08  germacrene B
1721.18  germacrene D
8781.29  hexanol
1453.71alpha- humulene
1600.25  humulene oxide II
1550.68  linalool
1070.13(Z)- linalool oxide
1230.08  linalyl acetate
 2.2213-epi- manool
1400.18  methyl eugenol
1190.28  myrtanol
1190.55  myrtenal
1561.41(E)- nerolidol
1380.14(Z)-allo-ocimene
9391.26alpha- pinene
1060.19(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1210.18(Z)- sabinol
1570.08  spathulenol
1170.09  terpinen-4-ol
1700.91alpha- terpineol
1182.42delta- terpineol
1701.81alpha- terpinyl acetate
1033.08alpha- thujene
11014.77alpha- thujone
1114.30beta- thujone
1290.37  thymol
1010.23  tricyclene
1100.48  undecane
1592.66  viridiflorol
1490.04alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia sclarea oil
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SALVIA SCLAREA (LAMIACEAE) ESSENTIAL OIL ANA DŽAMIĆ, MARINA SOKOVIĆ, M. RISTIĆ, SLAVICA GRUJIĆ-JOVANOVIĆ, JELENA VUKOJEVIĆ, and P. D. MARIN
#%LeftshiftComponents
1500.17  bicyclogermacrene
1160.64  borneol
1280.83  bornyl acetate
1380.94beta- bourbonene
1520.13delta- cadinene
1140.30  camphor
1411.83beta- caryophyllene
1580.27  caryophyllene oxide
1032.291,8- cineole
1370.55alpha- copaene
1390.67beta- cubebene
1020.18para- cymene
1390.35beta- elemene
1480.84  germacrene D
1450.08alpha- humulene
1021.55  limonene
10918.18  linalool
12552.83  linalyl acetate
1210.14  linalyl formate
9911.01  myrcene
1230.26  nerol
1360.52  neryl acetate
1030.32(Z)-beta- ocimene
1050.66(E)-beta- ocimene
9394.57alpha- pinene
9790.90beta- pinene
2220.06  sclareol
2220.08  sclareol oxide
1570.13  spathulenol
1185.00alpha- terpineol
1161.19beta- terpineol
1190.90gamma- terpineol
1080.41iso terpinolene
1350.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
salvia sclarea oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

schinus molle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.71delta- cadinene
31tracealpha- cadinol
274.70T- cadinol
230.93  calamenene
2trace  camphene
160.47beta- caryophyllene
140.02alpha- copaene
130.01alpha- cubebene
100.59para- cymene
150.01beta- elemene
18tracegamma- elemene
2413.25  elemol
30tracealpha- eudesmol
263.24gamma- eudesmol
205.21  germacrene D
22tracebeta- guaiene
190.39alpha- humulene
89.27  limonene
12trace  methyl octanoate
29tracealpha- muurolol
28traceT- muurolol
5trace  myrcene
252.94  neryl hexanoate
630.24alpha- phellandrene
99.63beta- phellandrene
11.46alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
40.67  sabinene
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
70.02alpha- terpinene
110.20  terpinolene

M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from Schinus molle berries and leaves. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 49 -52 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

schinus molle seed oil
Bernhard et al. (1983) analyzed an oil of S. molle fruit produced by the Likens-Nickerson apparatus using GC/MS. They found that the oil contained the following components:
#%LeftshiftComponents
129.11delta- cadinene
326.64 cadinol
271.39T- cadinol
230.26alpha- calacorene
160.15gamma- calacorene
140.28  calamenene
82.02beta- caryophyllene
210.12alpha- copaene
200.13alpha- cubebene
172.93para- cymene
70.52beta- elemene
241.32  elemol
300.90alpha- eudesmol
311.01beta- eudesmol
261.04gamma- eudesmol
150.34  geranyl butyrate
130.22beta- guaiene
220.71alpha- gurjunene
90.58alpha- humulene
57.23  limonene
190.95  methyl octanoate
111.48alpha- muurolene
100.48gamma- muurolene
290.69alpha- muurolol
282.32T- muurolol
320.41  myrcene
250.28  neryl hexanoate
417.34alpha- phellandrene
66.21beta- phellandrene
12.66alpha- pinene
20.17beta- pinene
180.10  terpinolene

R. A. Bernhard, T. Shibamoto, K. Yamaguchi and E. White, The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L. J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 463-466 (1983).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

sideritis montana oil bulgaria
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.90  bicyclogermacrene
42.20alpha- bourbonene
121.20delta- cadinene
150.80alpha- cadinol
141.80T- cadinol
78.80beta- caryophyllene
60.50beta- cedrene
31.20alpha- copaene
52.00beta- elemene
15.60delta- elemene
88.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
1041.10  germacrene D
91.60alpha- humulene
130.80  nerolidol
21.10  neryl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
sideritis scardica oil bulgaria
#%LeftshiftComponents
144.50  bicyclogermacrene
60.70alpha- bourbonene
153.50delta- cadinene
185.20alpha- cadinol
918.80beta- caryophyllene
81.50beta- cedrene
51.70alpha- copaene
134.40ar- curcumene
70.50beta- elemene
40.80delta- elemene
175.80  elemol
106.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
194.30  farnesol
126.60  germacrene D
112.20alpha- humulene
30.70  limonene
22.10  myrcene
1612.10  nerolidol
11.40alpha- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
spearmint oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.91-1.24beta- bourbonene
20.05-0.08  camphene
310.11-0.17trans- carveol
320.31-0.54cis- carveol
2965.79-71.62  carvone
300.03-0.12cis- carvyl acetate
71.40-1.571,8- cineole
12trace-0.04para- cymene
250.12-0.43(E)- dihydrocarvone
240.92-2.20(Z)- dihydrocarvone
270.35-0.43  dihydrocarvyl acetate
220.06-0.23beta- elemene
280.09-0.30  germacrene D
613.65-17.27  limonene
200.10-0.51  linalool
260.08-0.11  menthol
180.08-0.26  menthone
50.82-1.13  myrcene
9trace-0.07(E)-beta- ocimene
80.06-0.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
152.09-2.663- octanol
11trace-0.073- octanone
160.05-0.121- octen-3-yl acetate
140.13-0.233- octyl acetate
10.51-0.72alpha- pinene
30.58-0.76beta- pinene
40.43-0.56  sabinene
170.95-1.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.06-0.08(Z)- sabinene hydrate
230.33-0.45  terpinen-4-ol
100.07-0.14gamma- terpinene
130.04-0.07  terpinolene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

sugandha kokila berry oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.40  aromadendrene
260.70alpha- bergamolene
421.10beta- bisabolene
452.90delta- cadinene
500.10alpha- calacorene
470.30  calamenene
30.10  camphene
221.50  camphor
601.30  capric acid
580.40  carvacrol
297.40beta- caryophyllene
520.70  caryophyllene oxide
1113.101,8- cineole
204.70alpha- copaene
190.70alpha- cubebene
490.10para- cymen-8-ol
163.60para- cymene
270.30beta- elemene
590.20  elemicin
440.50  geranial
480.20  geraniol
351.30alpha- humulene
622.70  lauric acid
90.50  limonene
232.80  linalool
240.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
320.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
570.20para-menth-5-en-1,2-ol
5413.70(E)- methyl cinnamate
510.20(Z)- methyl cinnamate
530.60  methyl eugenol
560.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
460.20  methyl laurate
60.40  myrcene
612.50  myristicin
370.30  neral
410.30  neryl acetate
210.202- nonanol
181.902- nonanone
140.20(E)-beta- ocimene
120.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
71.50alpha- phellandrene
101.40beta- phellandrene
11.20alpha- pinene
41.90beta- pinene
50.80  sabinene
252.10alpha- santalene
340.80beta- santalene
330.10epi-beta- santalene
430.60alpha- selinene
401.00beta- selinene
550.50  spathulenol
150.10  styrene
304.00  terpinen-4-ol
80.40alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
386.60alpha- terpineol
360.40delta- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
390.012- undecanol
283.602- undecanone

S. R. Adhikary, B. S. Tuladhar, A. Sheak, T. A. van Beek, M. A. Posthumus and G. P. Lelyveld, investigation of Nepalese essential oils. 1. The oil of Cinnamomum glaucescens (Sugandha kokila). J. Essent. Oil Res. 4, 151-159 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

tanacetum annum l. oil marocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10allo- aromadendrene
470.30  benzyl benzoate
450.60alpha- bisabolol
212.10  borneol
80.40iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
360.40gamma- cadinene
350.30(Z)- calamenene
30.50  camphene
209.60  camphor
10030delta-3- carene
270.20  carvacrol
250.30  carvone
291.20beta- caryophyllene
400.70  caryophyllene oxide
4628.00  chamazulene
141.001,8- cineole
122.20para- cymene
421.707,12- dehydro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochamazulene
343.703,6- dihydrochamazulene
411.705,6- dihydrochamazulene
280.40beta- elemene
370.40  elemol
445.10beta- eudesmol
301.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
430.70  hinesol
390.30  ledol
131.30  limonene
170.10  linalool
64.40  myrcene
240.10  myrtenal
70.20  octanal
92.60alpha- phellandrene
320.102- phenethyl isovalerate
21.30alpha- pinene
53.10beta- pinene
190.10trans- pinocarveol
46.40  sabinene
380.20  spathulenol
221.80  terpinen-4-ol
110.40alpha- terpinene
150.40gamma- terpinene
230.40alpha- terpineol
160.10  terpinolene
10.10alpha- thujene
180.10alpha- thujone
261.20  thymol
330.50  valencene

H. Greche, M. Ismaili-Alaoui, N. Hajjaji, S. Zrira, A. Belanger and B. Benjilali, Composition of Tanacetum annuum L. oil from Morocco. J. Essent. Oil Res., 11, 343-348 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

tanacetum annum l. oil marocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.70alpha- thujene
24.90alpha- pinene
31.80  camphene
422.30  sabinene
510.10beta- pinene
66.00  myrcene
77.60alpha- phellandrene
80.90alpha- terpinene
98.90para- cymene
104.20  limonene
110.301,8- cineole
121.50gamma- terpinene
1313.20  camphor
142.70  borneol
15trace  terpineol
160.80  thymol
170.20beta- elemene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
190.80(Z)-beta- farnesene
201.10 valencene
211.903,6- dihydrochamazulene
22trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace5,6- dihydrochamazulene
24trace7,12- dehydro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochamazulene
250.30beta- eudesmol
262.80  chamazulene
thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
75.30  benzofuran
182.80  bicyclogermacrene
192.30delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- cadinol
510.601,8- cineole
152.20alpha- copaene
160.50beta- elemene
210.10(E,E)- farnesol
260.30  heneicosane
310.60  heptacosane
300.10  hexacosane
1717.20(E)-beta- ionone
40.30  limonene
101.202- methyl benzaldehyde
240.20  methyl hexadecanoate
223.10  myristic acid
2522.90  palmitic acid
290.60  pentacosane
230.20  pentadecanoic acid
110.703- phenyl-2-propenal
10.50alpha- pinene
21.70  sabinene
90.60(E)- sabinene hydrate
126.50  terpinen-4-ol
31.20alpha- terpinene
62.00gamma- terpinene
132.00alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
280.10  tetracosane
271.30  tricosane
140.30alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
valeriana officinalis rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.2-0.8beta- bisabolene
580.5-1.5epi-alpha-bisabolol
160.1-0.6  borneol
15trace-0.1iso borneol
252.3-33.5  bornyl acetate
430.5-1.2  bornyl isovalerate
460.1-0.3delta- cadinene
30.1-6.4  camphene
14trace-0.1  camphor
21trace-0.1trans- carveol
200.1-0.2cis- carveol
8trace-0.21,8- cineole
31trace-0.1  citronellyl acetate
510.2-2.1  citronellyl isovalerate
33trace-0.2alpha- copaene
570.4-3.9  cryptofauronol
70trace-2.9  cryptofauronyl acetate
22trace-0.1  cuminaldehyde
400.7-2.1ar- curcumene
70.1-1.5para- cymene
340.2-1.42,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
620.1-0.4  drimenol
350.1-0.4beta- elemene
300.2-2.9delta- elemene
420.1-0.4gamma- elemene
75trace-0.6  ethyl palmitate
380.5-7.6  eudesma-2,6,8-triene
530.6-6.9beta- eudesmol
29trace-0.1  eugenol
610.1-0.4  eugenyl isovalerate
670.1-1.1iso eugenyl isovalerate
480.4-0.6  faurinone
410.2-1.4  germacrene D
44trace-1.0beta- gurjunene
370.1-0.9alpha- humulene
390.1-0.7beta- ionone
450.2-3.8  kessane
380.1-3.5  kessanyl acetate
730.1-0.7  kessoglycyl monoacetate
630.1-12.6alpha- kessyl acetate
520.5-2.1  ledol
100.1-1.2  limonene
13trace  linalool
500.1-1.6  maaliol
240.1-0.2  methyl carvacrol
710.1-0.9  methyl palmitate
23trace-0.4  methyl thymol
650.1-0.2  methyl valerenate
6trace-0.1  myrcene
190.1-4.0  myrtenol
28trace-9.1  myrtenyl acetate
560.1-0.2 myrtenyl hexanoate
491.6-10.5  myrtenyl isovalerate
26trace-0.8  nojigiku acetate
470.5-3.2  pacifigorgiol
720.1-1.9  palmitic acid
9trace-2.4beta- phellandrene
20.1-0.2alpha- pinene
5trace-0.9beta- pinene
4trace-0.1  sabinene
170.1-0.6  terpinen-4-ol
11trace-0.2gamma- terpinene
18trace-0.1alpha- terpineol
12trace-0.1  terpinolene
270.1  thymol
1trace-0.1  tricyclene
550.5-8.2  valeranone
660.1-1.5(E)-valeren-1-yl acetate
640.2-0.8(Z)-valeren-1-yl acetate
76trace-1.6(E)-valeren-1-yl isovalerate
74trace-0.7(Z)-valeren-1-yl isovalerate
590.4-12.4  valerenal
690.3-2.8  valerenic acid
600.3-1.2(Z+E)- valerenol
541.5-14.2  valerianol
320.1-0.4alpha- ylangene

R. Bos and H. J. Woerdenbag, Analytical aspects of the essential oil, valerenic acid derivatives and valepotriates in Valeriana officinalis roots and rhizomes. In: Proceedings, International Symposium on breeding research and medicinal and aromatic plants. Edits., F. Pank, p. 355-358, Beiträge zur Zuchtungsforschung, Quedlinburg, Germany (1996).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

valeriana officinalis rhizome oil CO2 extract china
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.37  acetic acid
170.01  benzoic acid
410.72(E)-alpha- bergamotol
420.34(Z)-alpha-bergamotol
180.47  borneol
2336.07  bornyl acetate
360.24delta- cadinene
100.02iso camphane
52.81  camphene
110.03delta-3- carene
250.02trans-carvone oxide
240.14cis- carvone oxide
310.65beta- caryophyllene
130.021,8- cineole
210.19  cumic acid
80.02para- cymene
290.07beta- elemene
270.08delta- elemene
370.53  elemol
120.013- ethyl-2,5-dimethyl-1,3-hexadiene
442.45  eugenyl acetate
350.66 germacrene
402.24  globulol
340.23  guaiene
320.21beta- gurjunene
330.31alpha- humulene
90.26  limonene
150.02  linalool
220.12  methyl chavocol
200.02  myrtenol
4326.56  nootkatone
40.60alpha- pinene
70.59beta- pinene
60.03  sabinene
160.01  sabinene hydrate
263.03  sabinyl acetate
380.73 sabinyl valerate
391.84  spathulenol
190.13  terpinen-4-ol
140.02  terpinolene
280.62alpha- terpinyl acetate
300.42 thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether
30.03  tricyclene
20.21iso valeric acid

J-J. Xian, G. Yuan, Y-X. Zhang, J-M. Yuan and X-W. Luo, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the roots of Valeriana officinalis. Yunnan Zhiwu Yanjiu, 17, 479-481 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10beta- bourbonene
170.40delta- cadinene
70.30  carvacrol
130.209-epi-beta- caryophyllene
120.50beta- caryophyllene
90.10alpha- copaene
81.10  cyclosativene
20.10para- cymene
110.20beta- elemene
202.90epi- globulol
150.40gamma- gurjunene
250.30  hexadecanoic acid
241.002- hexadecanone
180.20  ledol
30.20  limonene
40.30  linalool
160.80gamma- muurolene
260.30iso phytol
10.20alpha- pinene
1964.40  spathulenol
50.60  terpinen-4-ol
60.30alpha- terpineol
143.50 unknown a
216.10 unknown b
223.20 unknown c
232.00 unknown d
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 751, (2000)
zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  aromadendrene
201.10allo- aromadendrene
2312.50  bicyclogermacrene
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.10alpha- bulnesene
240.50delta- cadinene
250.60gamma- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
340.30T- cadinol
20.50  camphene
1714.00beta- caryophyllene
270.40  caryophyllene oxide
290.50  cubeban-11-ol
120.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
226.10  germacrene D
300.60  globulol
320.10  guaiol
140.10alpha- gurjunene
211.60alpha- humulene
280.60  ledol
81.20  limonene
150.20  linalool
360.10alpha- muurolol
350.30T- muurolol
62.90  myrcene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
260.60  palustrol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
91.00beta- phellandrene
381.70  phytol
146.00alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
330.20  spathulenol
7tracealpha- terpinene
100.10gamma- terpinene
310.50  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zanthoxylum nitidum leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1310.70 a 2-alkanone, mw 268
40.80  aromadendrene
90.60delta- cadinene
101.40gamma- cadinene
311.00beta- caryophyllene
125.30  caryophyllene oxide
10.70alpha- cubebene
22.00beta- elemene
60.70  germacrene D
57.20alpha- humulene
82.30alpha- selinene
73.80beta- selinene
117.702- tridecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zanthoxylum ovalifolium leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.50  aromadendrene
150.30allo- aromadendrene
90.20  bicycloelemene
198.20  bicyclogermacrene
200.50delta- cadinene
210.10gamma- cadinene
20.50  camphene
137.50beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
100.30alpha- copaene
120.60beta- elemene
240.60  globulol
160.90alpha- humulene
61.30  limonene
110.20  linalool
180.20alpha- muurolene
519.80  myrcene
81.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.70beta- phellandrene
131.60alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
40.70  sabinene
221.20  safrole
264.40  spathulenol
170.80  viridiflorene
250.40  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zingiber officinale oil CO2 extract australia
In 1994, Bartley and Foley analyzed the chemical composition of a supercritical fluid extract of Australian-grown ginger. The freshly harvested roots were peeled and chopped into 2 mm cubes before grinding under liquid nitrogen. The pulp was mixed with coarse granulated Celite (diatomaceous earth) and subjected to extraction by supercritical CO2. The analysis was preformed by a combination of capillary GC (for retention indices and quantitative data) and GC/MS (for component identification confirmation). The compounds identified were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.20 aromadendrenol
2310.83alpha- bergamolene
242.73beta- bisabolene
290.14alpha- bisabolol
110.60  borneol
160.10iso bornyl acetate
250.14gamma- cadinene
43.71  camphene
92.991,8- cineole
213.25ar- curcumene
120.11  decanal
280.22  dodecatrienol
190.20beta- elemene
180.23delta- elemene
270.25  elemol
200.18beta- farnesene
1525.06  geranial
140.66  geraniol
170.12  geranyl acetate
10.52  hexanal
70.43  limonene
100.46  linalool
20.113- methyl hexanol
60.53  myrcene
132.87  neral
350.086- paradol
340.20 pentenyl curcumene
81.63beta- phellandrene
268.18beta-sesqui phellandrene
50.08beta- pinene
300.22(Z)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
360.316- shogaol
30.93alpha- thujene
310.15 zingerenol
2225.87  zingiberene
330.64 zongerone

J. P. Bartley and P. Foley, Supercritical fluid extraction of Australian grown ginger (Zingibar officinale), J. Sci. Food Agric., 66, 365-371 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

zingiber officinale root oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
3113.49beta- bisabolene
120.48  borneol
190.23  bornyl acetate
304.51gamma- cadinene
33.88  camphene
110.10  camphor
260.44beta- caryophyllene
293.39alpha- cedrene
84.001,8- cineole
150.21  citronellol
220.29  citronellyl acetate
2826.31ar- curcumene
70.13para- cymene
240.81beta- elemene
210.10delta- elemene
182.93  geranial
170.30  geraniol
232.92  geranyl acetate
270.58beta- gurjunene
90.10  heptyl acetate
100.46  linalool
10.105- methyl-2-hexanol
50.376- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
60.12  myrcene
161.34  neral
320.92  nerolidol
21.04alpha- pinene
40.14beta- pinene
130.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.37alpha- terpineol
200.212- undecanone
250.28  zingiberene

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

zingiber officinale var. gigante root oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.50  aromadendrene
254.70beta- bisabolene
150.70  borneol
35.70  camphene
140.30  citronellal
171.00  citronellol
190.50alpha- copaene
237.90ar- curcumene
80.20para- cymene
210.90beta- elemene
267.40alpha- farnesene
189.60 geraniol + geranial
200.50  geranyl acetate
10.402- heptanol
101.60  limonene
120.70  linalool
50.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
61.30  myrcene
165.40  neral
130.302- nonanol
70.60alpha- phellandrene
277.00beta-sesqui phellandrene
98.40beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
22.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
110.50  terpinolene
2419.00  zingiberene

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

zingiber zerumbet (l.) sm. root oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
244.90  borneol
228.90iso borneol
160.30  bornyl acetate
24.40  camphene
1212.80  camphor
180.50beta- caryophyllene
310.90  caryophyllene oxide
67.101,8- cineole
280.40ar- curcumene
3414.40  curzerenone
300.10para- cymen-8-ol
70.10para- cymene
200.10  decanol
173.30beta- elemene
110.20delta- elemene
291.70gamma- elemene
331.00  germacrone
80.10  heptanol
210.30alpha- humulene
320.30 humulene epoxide isomer
50.80  limonene
141.10  linalool
40.30  myrcene
131.902- nonanol
90.302- nonanone
100.102- octanol
11.30alpha- pinene
32.40beta- pinene
260.80alpha- selinene
251.00beta- selinene