laevo-glutamic acid
L-glutamic acid
 
Notes:
a non-essential amino acid naturally occurring in the l-form. glutamic acid is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Obt. from acid hydrol. of proteins. Since 1965 the industrial source of glutamic acid for MSG production has been bacterial fermentation of carbohydrate sources such as molasses and corn starch hydrolysate in the presence of a nitrogen source such as ammonium salts or urea. Annual production approx. 350000t worldwide in 1988. Seasoning additive in food manuf. (as Na, K and NH4 salts). Dietary supplement, nutrient Glutamic acid (abbreviated as Glu or E) is one of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids. It is a non-essential amino acid. (Wikipedia)
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
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      Product(s):
      GLUTAMIC ACID, L-
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
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      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      L-Glutamic Acid
       
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
    • H. Interdonati, Inc.
      Innovative products
      Because your flavors and fragrances are only as good as their source "Since 1952"
      H. Interdonati, Inc. began in 1952 with the tradition of delivering quality pharmaceuticals and fine chemical ingredients at competitive prices. The mission was simple: To provide the most reliable, personal service in the industry.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Andrew Interdonati (Sales)
      Voice: 800 367-6617
      Fax: 631 367-6626
      Featured Products
      Product(s):
      Glutamic acid Natural, Kosher
       
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Whats New
      Global Distribution
      Product(s):
      L-Glutamic Acid
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      07-26000 L-GLUTAMIC ACID FCC BASE, Kosher
      07-26001 L-GLUTAMIC ACID FCC, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W328502 L-Glutamic acid, 99%, FCC
      SDS
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
      Facebook
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      RSS
      Product(s):
      G0059 L-Glutamic Acid >99.0%(T)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(2S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid (Click)
CAS Number: 56-86-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 200-293-7
FDA UNII: 3KX376GY7L
Nikkaji Web: J9.171E
Beilstein Number: 1723801
MDL: MFCD00002634
CoE Number: 10100
XlogP3: -3.70 (est)
Molecular Weight: 147.13053000
Formula: C5 H9 N O4
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor enhancers, salt substitute
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
182.1045 L-Glutamic acid View-review
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1420  L-glutamic acid
JECFA Food Additive: L-Glutamic Acid
GSFA Codex: L(+)-Glutamic acid (620)
DG SANTE Food Additives: L-glutamic acid
FEMA Number: 3285  L-glutamic acid
FDA Mainterm: L-GLUTAMIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Special Dietary and Nutritional Additives
Sec. 172.320 Amino acids.


FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances
Sec. 182.1045 Glutamic acid.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 247.00 to  249.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 175.00 °C. @ 10.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: > 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.969 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 9.416e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 8570 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 alcohol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: yeasty
Odor Strength: low
 yeasty  bread baked  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
mild yeast baked bread
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antistatic agents
hair conditioning
humectants
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
L-Glutamic Acid
Ajinomoto USA
L-Glutamic Acid
Flavor: characteristic
L-glutamic acid is classified as a nonessential amino acid.
Anhui Haibei
L-Glutamic Acid
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
L-Glutamic acid
Charkit Chemical
GLUTAMIC ACID, L-
ECSA Chemicals
L-Glutamic Acid
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
L-Glutamic Acid
Glentham Life Sciences
L-Glutamic Acid
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Glutamic acid Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Lansdowne Chemicals
L-Glutamic Acid
Penta International
L-GLUTAMIC ACID FCC BASE, Kosher
Penta International
L-GLUTAMIC ACID FCC, NATURAL, Kosher
Prinova
L-Glutamic Acid
Sigma-Aldrich
L-Glutamic acid, 99%, FCC
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
L-Glutamic Acid >99.0%(T)
Zhong Ya Chemical
L-Glutamic Acid
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 30000 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 48A, Pg. 42, 1970.

oral-rabbit LD50  > 2300 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 48A, Pg. 42, 1970.

intravenous-human TDLo  117 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Vol. 214, Pg. 281, 1947.

oral-human TDLo  71 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE
Science. Vol. 163, Pg. 826, 1969.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor enhancers, salt substitute
Recommendation for laevo-glutamic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 5. Update in publication number(s): 25
Click here to view publication 5
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 1400.000003000.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 400.00000600.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 60.00000600.00000
breakfast cereal: 600.000003000.00000
cheese: 1400.000003000.00000
chewing gum: 100.00000500.00000
condiments / relishes: 2000.000005000.00000
confectionery froastings: 300.00000500.00000
egg products: 1000.000002000.00000
fats / oils: 200.00000600.00000
fish products: 1000.000002500.00000
frozen dairy: 1400.000003000.00000
fruit ices: 200.00000600.00000
gelatins / puddings: 200.00000500.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 1400.000003000.00000
hard candy: 200.00000600.00000
imitation dairy: 1400.000003000.00000
instant coffee / tea: 300.00000600.00000
jams / jellies: 300.00000500.00000
meat products: 1400.000003000.00000
milk products: 1400.000003000.00000
nut products: 300.000001000.00000
other grains: 300.000002000.00000
poultry: 1000.000002000.00000
processed fruits: 60.00000300.00000
processed vegetables: 300.00000500.00000
reconstituted vegetables: 200.00000400.00000
seasonings / flavors: 20000.00000250000.00000
snack foods: 2000.000005000.00000
soft candy: 200.00000600.00000
soups: 1000.000005000.00000
sugar substitutes: 200.000001000.00000
sweet sauces: 200.00000500.00000
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Report of EFSA on the risk assessment of salts of authorised acids, phenols or alcohols for use in food contact materials [1]
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of the use of amino acids (chemical group 34) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety of the change in the production method of L-glutamic acid (E620), monosodium L-glutamate (E621), monopotassium L-glutamate (E622), calcium di-L-glutamate (E623), monoammonium L-glutamate (E624) and magnesium di-L-glutamate (E625)
View page or View pdf
Re-evaluation of glutamic acid (E 620), sodium glutamate (E 621), potassium glutamate (E 622), calcium glutamate (E 623), ammonium glutamate (E 624) and magnesium glutamate (E 625) as food additives
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 56-86-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 33032
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 (2S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid
Chemidplus: 0000056860
RTECS: LZ9700000 for cas# 56-86-0
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References:
 (2S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 56-86-0
Pubchem (cid): 33032
Pubchem (sid): 134972924
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00025
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00148
FooDB: FDB012535
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00271
Export Tariff Code: 2922.42.5000
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
bready
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
 furfuralFL/FR
caramellic
 maltolFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
fermented
 propyl nonanoateFL/FR
floral
bitter orangeflower concrete moroccoFR
 phenethyl butyrateFL/FR
fruity
 ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFR
minty
dextro-carvoneFL/FR
musty
2-acetyl pyrroleFL/FR
nutty
 filbert pyrazineFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
popcorn
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
spicy
 caraway seed oleoresinFL/FR
woody
 pinacolFR
yeasty
2-octen-4-oneFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 propyl nonanoateFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
bready
2-propionyl thiazoleFL
brown
 furfuralFL/FR
burnt
 furfuryl alcoholFL
caramellic
 maltolFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
cocoa
 butyraldehydeFL
coffee
 diisoamyl thiomalateFL
corn chip
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
fruity
 phenethyl butyrateFL/FR
metallic
2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithianeFL
minty
dextro-carvoneFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl pyrroleFL/FR
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
 filbert pyrazineFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
roasted
2-acetyl pyrazineFL/FR
spicy
 caraway seed oleoresinFL/FR
vegetable
2-octen-4-oneFL/FR
waxy
 furfuryl octanoateFL
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents 
 bread white bread 
 hair conditioning 
 humectants 
 yeast 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond seed
Search Trop  Picture
 apple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 artichoke jerusalem artichoke tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 avocado fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 barley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 basil leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 basswood fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bean adzuki bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean banner bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 bean butter bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean fava bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean green bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean lima bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean mung bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean mung bean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 bean yam bean tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 beet root
Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 brazil nut
Search Trop  Picture
 breadfruit seed
Search Trop  Picture
 broadbean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 buckwheat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop  Picture
 butternut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carob bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carob bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 cashew nut
Search Trop  Picture
 cassava root
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 celery plant
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 chayote fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 chestnut sweet chestnut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 chickpea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 chive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 coconut endosperm
Search Trop  Picture
 coconut leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 coconut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee arabica coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed
Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cowpea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 date palm fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 eggplant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 endive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 evening-primrose seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fenugreek seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fig fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 flax seed
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba seed
Search Trop  Picture
 goosefoot leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 grape fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava strawberry guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 irish moss thallus
Search Trop  Picture
 leek wild leek plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lentil seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lentil sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 lettuce lamb's lettuce plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lettuce leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 lotus indian lotus rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 lotus indian lotus seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lupin white lupin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lupine white lupine seed
Search Trop  Picture
 macadamia nut
Search Trop  Picture
 mallow jew's mallow leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 marango shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon seed
Search Trop  Picture
 moringa shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 mushroom shiitake mushroom fruit
Search  PMC Picture
 mustard white mustard seed
Search Trop  Picture
 oat plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 okra fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pea
Search Trop  Picture
 pea black-eyed pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pea pigeon pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peanut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 pigweed leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 pine pinyon pine seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pistachio nut
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 poppy opium poppy seed
Search Trop  Picture
 potato sweet potato root
Search Trop  Picture
 potato tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 purslane herb
Search Trop  Picture
 radish root
Search Trop  Picture
 rice hay
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rye seed
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame seed
Search Trop  Picture
 sorrel west african sorrel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach indian spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach water spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 squash summer squash fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 star fruit fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 strawberry guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 sunflower seed
Search Trop  Picture
 taro root
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon root
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 turnip indian turnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut english walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 watercress herb
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 watermelon fruit
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Synonyms:
(S)-2-aminoglutaric acid
(2S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid
(S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid
(S)-(+)-glutamic acid
L-glutamic acid
L-(+)-glutamic acid
L-glutamic acid fcc base
L-glutamic acid FCC, natural
 glutamic acid, (S)-
 glutamic acid, L-
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Articles:
PubMed: Umami evaluation in taste epithelium on microelectrode array by extracellular electrophysiological recording.
PubMed: Production and optimization of L-glutaminase enzyme from Hypocrea jecorina pure culture.
PubMed: Kokumi-active glutamyl peptides in cheeses and their biogeneration by Penicillium roquefortii.
PubMed: II. Glutamine and glutamate.
PubMed: Glutamate and the flavor of foods.
PubMed: Improved Production of Poly-gamma-Glutamic Acid by Bacillus subtilis D7 Isolated from Doenjang, a Korean Traditional Fermented Food, and Its Antioxidant Activity.
PubMed: Enzymatic production of alpha-ketoglutaric acid from l-glutamic acid via l-glutamate oxidase.
PubMed: Identifying key non-volatile compounds in ready-to-drink green tea and their impact on taste profile.
PubMed: The effects of glycine, L-threonine, and L-cystine supplementation to a 9% casein diet on the conversions of L-tryptophan to nicotinamide and to serotonin in rats.
PubMed: CuInS(2) quantum dots/poly((L)-glutamic acid)-drug conjugates for drug delivery and cell imaging.
PubMed: pH-Sensitive nano-systems for drug delivery in cancer therapy.
PubMed: Ingestion of bacterial lipopolysaccharide inhibits peripheral taste responses to sucrose in mice.
PubMed: Specific amino acids inhibit food intake via the area postrema or vagal afferents.
PubMed: Umami evaluation in taste epithelium on microelectrode array by extracellular electrophysiological recording.
PubMed: Effect of metformin on the urinary metabolites of diet-induced-obese mice studied by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF/MS).
PubMed: Recombinant expression, purification and characterisation of the native glutamate racemase from Lactobacillus plantarum NC8.
PubMed: Effects of L-theanine or caffeine intake on changes in blood pressure under physical and psychological stresses.
PubMed: Novel synthesis of steryl esters from phytosterols and amino Acid.
PubMed: Folate analysis in foods by UPLC-MS/MS: development and validation of a novel, high throughput quantitative assay; folate levels determined in Australian fortified breads.
PubMed: Antiadhesion as a functional concept for prevention of pathogens: N-Phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acid amides as inhibitors of the Helicobacter pylori BabA outer membrane protein.
PubMed: Twofold pH and temperature stimuli-responsive behaviour in block copolypeptide-decorated single wall carbon nanotubes.
PubMed: The influence of monoacylglycerol and L-glutamic acid on the viscoelastic properties of wheat flour dough and sensory characteristics of French loaf product.
PubMed: Comparison of genotypes of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis phage type 30 and 9c strains isolated during three outbreaks associated with raw almonds.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis of theanine from glutamic acid ╬│-methyl ester and ethylamine by immobilized Escherichia coli cells with ╬│-glutamyltranspeptidase activity.
PubMed: Directed assembly of carbon nanotubes on soft substrates for use as a flexible biosensor array.
PubMed: Sensory-directed identification of beta-alanyl dipeptides as contributors to the thick-sour and white-meaty orosensation induced by chicken broth.
PubMed: History of glutamate production.
PubMed: Kokumi-active glutamyl peptides in cheeses and their biogeneration by Penicillium roquefortii.
PubMed: Odor detection thresholds and enantiomeric distributions of several 4-alkyl substituted gamma-lactones in Australian red wine.
PubMed: Enhanced production of poly (gamma-glutamic acid) from Bacillus licheniformis NCIM 2324 by using metabolic precursors.
PubMed: Effects of cultivation conditions on the production of gamma-PGA with Bacillus subtilis ZJU-7.
PubMed: Absorption of N-phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acids in healthy humans by oral administration of cocoa (Theobroma cacao).
PubMed: Mechanism of the suppression against D-galactosamine-induced hepatic injury by dietary amino acids in rats.
PubMed: Microstructure of poly(gamma-glutamic acid) produced by Bacillus subtilis consisting of clusters of D- and L-glutamic acid repeating units.
PubMed: Luteimonas composti sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic bacterium isolated from food waste.
PubMed: High-throughput microplate enzymatic assays for fast sugar and acid quantification in apple and tomato.
PubMed: The influence of extrusion on loss and racemization of amino acids.
PubMed: Antimicrobial polypeptide multilayer nanocoatings.
PubMed: Characterization of gamma-glutamyl hydrolase produced by Bacillus sp. isolated from Thai Thua-nao.
PubMed: Terminal nerve-derived neuropeptide y modulates physiological responses in the olfactory epithelium of hungry axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum).
PubMed: Efficient production of poly-gamma-glutamic acid by Bacillus subtilis ZJU-7.
PubMed: Quantitative studies, taste reconstitution, and omission experiments on the key taste compounds in morel mushrooms (Morchella deliciosa Fr.).
PubMed: Synergistic interactions between commonly used food additives in a developmental neurotoxicity test.
PubMed: [Media optimization for the novel antimicrobial peptide by Bacillus sp. fmbJ224].
PubMed: Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from tobacco.
PubMed: Isolation, structure determination, synthesis, and sensory activity of N-phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acids from cocoa (Theobroma cacao).
PubMed: Sensory-guided decomposition of roasted cocoa nibs (Theobroma cacao) and structure determination of taste-active polyphenols.
PubMed: Activity-guided identification of (S)-malic acid 1-O-D-glucopyranoside (morelid) and gamma-aminobutyric acid as contributors to umami taste and mouth-drying oral sensation of morel mushrooms (Morchella deliciosa Fr.).
PubMed: Glutathione: a review on biotechnological production.
PubMed: Bioprocess monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy.
PubMed: Low molecular weight compounds responsible for savory taste of Indonesian soy sauce.
PubMed: Application of stepwise discriminant analysis to classify commercial orange juices using chiral micellar electrokinetic chromatography-laser induced fluorescence data of amino acids.
PubMed: Effect of the shear rate on pullulan production from beet molasses by Aureobasidium pullulans in an airlift reactor.
PubMed: Monohydroxamates of aspartic acid and glutamic acid exhibit antioxidant and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activities.
PubMed: Discrimination between arabica and robusta coffee species on the basis of their amino acid enantiomers.
PubMed: Industrial production of amino acids by coryneform bacteria.
PubMed: Synthesis and sensory characterization of novel umami-tasting glutamate glycoconjugates.
PubMed: Reaction of folic acid with reducing sugars and sugar degradation products.
PubMed: Changes in nitrogen compounds in must and wine during fermentation and biological aging by flor yeasts.
PubMed: Long-term zinc deficiency decreases taste sensitivity in rats.
PubMed: Formation of Pentylpyridines in an Oil Medium.
PubMed: Glutamate and the flavor of foods.
PubMed: Metabolism of theanine, gamma-glutamylethylamide, in rats.
PubMed: Pullulan production from deproteinized whey by Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed: High-throughput flow-injection analysis of glucose and glutamate in food and biological samples by using enzyme/polyion complex-bilayer membrane-based electrodes as the detectors.
PubMed: Aspartate dehydrogenase in vitamin B12-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae IFO 13541.
PubMed: Effect of glutamic acid on broilers given submarginal crude protein with adequate essential amino acids using feeds high and low in potassium.
PubMed: Mitigating the effects of halofuginone on skin strength by feeding L-proline to broiler chickens.
PubMed: The addition of glutamic acid or protein to a threonine-deficient diet differentially affects growth performance and threonine dehydrogenase activity in fattening pigs.
PubMed: The significance of apical K+ channels in mudpuppy feeding behavior.
PubMed: Nutritional profile and antimicrobial spectrum of the spice Aframomum danielli K. Schum.
PubMed: Interactive effects of dietary levels of tryptophan and protein on voluntary feed intake and growth performance in pigs, in relation to plasma free amino acids and hypothalamic serotonin.
PubMed: Enzymatic determination of free glutamic acid in dried soups and in minced sausages: NMKL collaborative study.
PubMed: Glutamic acid-induced shoot differentiation in tobacco callus tissues and changes in nicotine content and in activities of aminotransferases, ornithine transcarbamylase, and arginase.
PubMed: Effects of l-glutamic acid diethyl ester on discrimination learning in rats.
PubMed: Two proglumide analogues are equipotent antagonists of the inhibition of food intake by CCK-8.
PubMed: [Toxicological characteristics of disodium salt of N-lauroyl-L-glutamic acid--a surface-active agent used in the food processing industry].
PubMed: Effect of diets supplemented with amino acids on intestinal sucrase and leucine aminopeptidase activities in rats.
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