artichoke absolute
cynara cardunculus absolute
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      The Vault
      Product(s):
      Artichoke Absolute
      Adam Michael has this to say about Artichoke Absolute “The aroma is very unique opening with a bitter vegetative note (cynaropicrin) that resembles the artichoke leaf perfectly. As the aroma develops I detect meaty, earthy, rich, warm and slightly sweet vegetative notes and all of very good tenacity. Artichoke absolute is a rather interesting Egyptian material that I have obtained with the perfumer in mind and that will be of particular use to those creating a culinary perfume. This material is dark orange in colour, of pourable viscosity and obtained from the leaves of the plant by solvent extraction.”
       
       
 
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Name: cynara cardunculus absolute
CAS Number: 93165-00-5
ECHA EC Number: 296-883-7
Category: fragrance agents
 
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength: medium
 green  artichoke  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
green artichoke
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
A. Fakhry
Artichoke Absolute
Hermitage Oils
Artichoke Absolute
Odor: very unique opening with a bitter vegetative note
Use: Adam Michael has this to say about Artichoke Absolute “The aroma is very unique opening with a bitter vegetative note (cynaropicrin) that resembles the artichoke leaf perfectly. As the aroma develops I detect meaty, earthy, rich, warm and slightly sweet vegetative notes and all of very good tenacity. Artichoke absolute is a rather interesting Egyptian material that I have obtained with the perfumer in mind and that will be of particular use to those creating a culinary perfume. This material is dark orange in colour, of pourable viscosity and obtained from the leaves of the plant by solvent extraction.”
The Vault
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
 
Recommendation for artichoke absolute flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 cynara cardunculus absolute
Chemidplus: 0093165005
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References:
 cynara cardunculus absolute
Pubchem (sid): 135335538
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Other Information:
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 cynara cardunculus
GRIN Trop Picture
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Synonyms:
 cardoon absolute
 cynara cardunculus absolute
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Articles:
PubMed: An integrated approach to the evaluation of a metabolomic fingerprint for a phytocomplex. Focus on artichoke [Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus] leaf.
PubMed: Cytochrome P450s from Cynara cardunculus L. CYP71AV9 and CYP71BL5, catalyze distinct hydroxylations in the sesquiterpene lactone biosynthetic pathway.
PubMed: Upgrading of residues of bracts, stems and hearts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus to functional fractions enriched in soluble fiber.
PubMed: [Cloning and bioinformation analysis of flavone synthase II gene of Erigeron breviscapus].
PubMed: Salinity source-induced changes in yield, mineral composition, phenolic acids and flavonoids in leaves of artichoke and cardoon grown in floating system.
PubMed: Proteolytic effect of Cynara cardunculus rennet for use in the elaboration of 'Torta del Casar' cheese.
PubMed: Lipophilic extracts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC): a source of valuable bioactive terpenic compounds.
PubMed: Population structure of Cynara cardunculus complex and the origin of the conspecific crops artichoke and cardoon.
PubMed: Effect of starters and ripening time on the physicochemical, nitrogen fraction and texture profile of goat's cheese coagulated with a vegetable coagulant (Cynara cardunculus).
PubMed: Determination of water-soluble vitamins in multivitamin dietary supplements and in artichokes by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed: Isolation of a polyphenol oxidase (PPO) cDNA from artichoke and expression analysis in wounded artichoke heads.
PubMed: Micropropagation of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus).
PubMed: Cyclopentyl methyl ether: a green co-solvent for the selective dehydration of lignocellulosic pentoses to furfural.
PubMed: Effects of saline stress on mineral composition, phenolic acids and flavonoids in leaves of artichoke and cardoon genotypes grown in floating system.
PubMed: Large-scale transcriptome characterization and mass discovery of SNPs in globe artichoke and its related taxa.
PubMed: Analysis of molecular genetic diversity of cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) in Tunisia.
PubMed: Viruses in artichoke.
PubMed: Cercosporoid leaf pathogens from whorled milkweed and spineless safflower in California.
PubMed: Genetic mapping and identification of QTL for earliness in the globe artichoke/cultivated cardoon complex.
PubMed: Genetic mapping and characterization of the globe artichoke (+)-germacrene A synthase gene, encoding the first dedicated enzyme for biosynthesis of the bitter sesquiterpene lactone cynaropicrin.
PubMed: In-silico and in-vivo analyses of EST databases unveil conserved miRNAs from Carthamus tinctorius and Cynara cardunculus.
PubMed: Sphingomonas cynarae sp. nov., a proteobacterium that produces an unusual type of sphingan.
PubMed: RAD tag sequencing as a source of SNP markers in Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Functional and conformational changes in the aspartic protease cardosin A induced by TFE.
PubMed: Free amino acid content of goat's milk cheese made with animal rennet and plant coagulant.
PubMed: Computational studies on a new cationic peroxidase isoenzyme from artichoke leaves.
PubMed: Acute effect of whey peptides upon blood pressure of hypertensive rats, and relationship with their angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity.
PubMed: Mediterranean wild plants reduce postprandial platelet aggregation in patients with metabolic syndrome.
PubMed: Genetic map of artichoke × wild cardoon: toward a consensus map for Cynara cardunculus.
PubMed: Chemical and morphological characteristics of new clones and commercial varieties of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus).
PubMed: The heterologous systems in the study of cardosin B trafficking pathways.
PubMed: Bacterial dynamics in a raw cow's milk Caciotta cheese manufactured with aqueous extract of Cynara cardunculus dried flowers.
PubMed: Thermal degradation studies and kinetic modeling of cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) pyrolysis using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).
PubMed: Purification, biochemical characterization and cloning of a new cationic peroxidase isoenzyme from artichoke.
PubMed: Novel whey-derived peptides with inhibitory effect against angiotensin-converting enzyme: in vitro effect and stability to gastrointestinal enzymes.
PubMed: Responses of Cynara cardunculus L. to single and combined cadmium and nickel treatment conditions.
PubMed: Exploring plant endomembrane dynamics using the photoconvertible protein Kaede.
PubMed: Novel hydroxycinnamoyl-coenzyme A quinate transferase genes from artichoke are involved in the synthesis of chlorogenic acid.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of the flowers of artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) on TPA-induced inflammation and tumor promotion in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin.
PubMed: Polyphenol oxidase activity from three sicilian artichoke [ Cynara cardunculus L. Var. scolymus L. (Fiori)] cultivars: studies and technological application on minimally processed production.
PubMed: Caffeoylquinic acids and flavonoids in the immature inflorescence of globe artichoke, wild cardoon, and cultivated cardoon.
PubMed: Inhibition of pro-inflammatory secreted phospholipase A2 by extracts from Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Construction of a reference molecular linkage map of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus).
PubMed: Ontology and diversity of transcript-associated microsatellites mined from a globe artichoke EST database.
PubMed: Multiplicity of aspartic proteinases from Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Genetic mapping and annotation of genomic microsatellites isolated from globe artichoke.
PubMed: Cultivation and characterization of Cynara Cardunculus for solid biofuels production in the Mediterranean region.
PubMed: The isolation and mapping of a novel hydroxycinnamoyltransferase in the globe artichoke chlorogenic acid pathway.
PubMed: Antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines and toxicity test on Mediterranean dietary plants.
PubMed: Cardosins in postembryonic development of cardoon: towards an elucidation of the biological function of plant aspartic proteinases.
PubMed: Stress-induced biosynthesis of dicaffeoylquinic acids in globe artichoke.
PubMed: Mediterranean diet and cardioprotection: wild artichoke inhibits metalloproteinase 9.
PubMed: Effects of chelates on plants and soil microbial community: comparison of EDTA and EDDS for lead phytoextraction.
PubMed: Production and characterization of recombinant cyprosin B in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (W303-1A) strain.
PubMed: Fractionation of Cynara cardunculus (cardoon) biomass by dilute-acid pretreatment.
PubMed: Phenolic composition of Cynara cardunculus L. organs, and their biological activities.
PubMed: Antioxidant and protective effects of silymarin on ischemia and reperfusion injury in the kidney tissues of rats.
PubMed: Processing and trafficking of a single isoform of the aspartic proteinase cardosin A on the vacuolar pathway.
PubMed: Cardosins improve neuronal regeneration after cell disruption: a comparative expression study.
PubMed: Pulping cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) with peroxyformic acid (MILOX) in one single stage.
PubMed: Allocation of proteolytic activity in the seedling of Cynara cardunculus L. in the initial growth stages.
PubMed: Antigenotoxic effect of extract from Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Growth inhibitory effect of ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of Cynara cardunculus L. in leukemia cells involves cell cycle arrest, cytochrome c release and activation of caspases.
PubMed: Characterization and expression analysis of the aspartic protease gene family of Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Cynara cardunculus L. alkaline pulps: alternatives fibres for paper and paperboard production.
PubMed: Isolation and functional characterization of a cDNA coding a hydroxycinnamoyltransferase involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Research on biomodulatory effect of natural compounds.
PubMed: Retrotransposon-based S-SAP as a platform for the analysis of genetic variation and linkage in globe artichoke.
PubMed: Cardosins: a new and efficient plant enzymatic tool to dissociate neuronal cells for the establishment of cell cultures.
PubMed: Bioactive peptides in ovine and caprine cheeselike systems prepared with proteases from Cynara cardunculus.
PubMed: Effect of acetonitrile on Cynara cardunculus L. cardosin A stability.
PubMed: A first linkage map of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.) based on AFLP, S-SAP, M-AFLP and microsatellite markers.
PubMed: Immobilisation of cardosin A in chitosan sponges as a novel implant for drug delivery.
PubMed: The characterisation of the collagenolytic activity of cardosin a demonstrates its potential application for extracellular matrix degradative processes.
PubMed: Molecular characterization of peptides released from beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin via cardosins A and B.
PubMed: Wild artichoke prevents the age-associated loss of vasomotor function.
PubMed: Time-resolved spectral studies of blue-green fluorescence of artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. Var. Scolymus) leaves: identification of chlorogenic acid as one of the major fluorophores and age-mediated changes.
PubMed: Molecular analysis of the interaction between cardosin A and phospholipase D(alpha). Identification of RGD/KGE sequences as binding motifs for C2 domains.
PubMed: Extraction and partial characterization of a coagulant preparation from Silybum marianum flowers. Its action on bovine caseinate.
PubMed: On the enzymatic hydrolysis of whey proteins brought about by cardosin a from Cynara carduncunlus.
PubMed: Partial identification of water-soluble peptides released at early stages of proteolysis in sterilized ovine cheese-like systems: influence of type of coagulant and starter.
PubMed: Development and characterization of microsatellite markers in Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Mediterranean food and health: building human evidence.
PubMed: Hypochlorous acid scavenging properties of local Mediterranean plant foods.
PubMed: Activation, proteolytic processing, and peptide specificity of recombinant cardosin A.
PubMed: Purification of cynarases from artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.): enzymatic properties of cynarase A.
PubMed: Triterpenoid cynarasaponins from Cynara cardunculus L. reduce chemically induced mutagenesis in vitro.
PubMed: Volatile free fatty acids as ripening indicators for Serra da Estrela cheese.
PubMed: Amplified fragment length polymorphism for genetic diversity assessment in globe artichoke.
PubMed: [Anticomplement activity of saponins from Cynara cardunculus L].
PubMed: Use of recombinant cyprosin in the manufacture of ewe's milk cheese.
PubMed: Effect of pH on the gelation properties of skim milk gels made from plant coagulants and chymosin.
PubMed: Isolation and partial characterization of rennet-like proteases from Australian cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.).
PubMed: A new dilignan from Cynara cardunculus.
PubMed: Antioxidative properties of cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) infusion against superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, and hypochlorous acid.
PubMed: Modeling the kinetics of whey protein hydrolysis brought about by enzymes from Cynara cardunculus.
PubMed: Analysis of artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L.) extract by means of micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography.
PubMed: [Monodesmosidic saponins in Cynara cardunculus L].
PubMed: Mathematical modelling of the formation of rennet-induced gels by plant coagulants and chymosin.
PubMed: Molecular cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding cardosin B, an aspartic proteinase accumulating extracellularly in the transmitting tissue of Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of whey proteins by proteases extracted from Cynara cardunculus and immobilized onto highly activated supports.
PubMed: Purification, cloning and autoproteolytic processing of an aspartic proteinase from Centaurea calcitrapa.
PubMed: Action of cardosin A from Cynara humilis on ovine and caprine caseinates.
PubMed: [Apigenin-7-methylglucuronide from Cynara cardunculus L].
PubMed: Chemical and microbiological characteristics of ewes' milk cheese manufactured with extracts from flowers of Cynara cardunculus and Cynara humilis as coagulants.
PubMed: Cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding cardosin A, an RGD-containing plant aspartic proteinase.
PubMed: Crystal structure of cardosin A, a glycosylated and Arg-Gly-Asp-containing aspartic proteinase from the flowers of Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Processing, activity, and inhibition of recombinant cyprosin, an aspartic proteinase from cardoon (Cynara cardunculus).
PubMed: Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic studies of the plant aspartic proteinase cardosin A.
PubMed: Identification and proteolytic processing of procardosin A.
PubMed: Crystallisation, structure solution, and initial refinement of plant cardosin-A.
PubMed: Structural and functional aspects of cardosins.
PubMed: Substrate specificity and molecular modelling of aspartic proteinases (cyprosins) from flowers of Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens cv. cardoon.
PubMed: Molecular cloning of aspartic proteinases from flowers of Cynara cardunculus SUBSP. flavescens CV. cardoon and Centaurea calcitrapa.
PubMed: Cardosinogen A. The precursor form of the major aspartic proteinase from cardoon.
PubMed: Cardosin A, an abundant aspartic proteinase, accumulates in protein storage vacuoles in the stigmatic papillae of Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: The glycosylation of the aspartic proteinases from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.).
PubMed: Action on bovine alpha s1-casein of cardosins A and B, aspartic proteinases from the flowers of the cardoon Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Purification, characterization and partial amino acid sequencing of two new aspartic proteinases from fresh flowers of Cynara cardunculus L.
PubMed: Cardosin A and B, aspartic proteases from the flowers of cardoon.
PubMed: Plant aspartic proteinases from Cynara cardunculus spp. flavescens cv. cardoon; nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding cyprosin and its organ-specific expression.
PubMed: Aspartic proteinases (cyprosins) from Cynara cardunculus spp. Flavescens cv. cardoon; purification, characterisation, and tissue-specific expression.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of a cDNA from flowers of Cynara cardunculus encoding cyprosin (an aspartic proteinase) and its use to study the organ-specific expression of cyprosin.
PubMed: Compositae dermatitis in South Australia: contact dermatitis from Ixodia achillaeoides and Cynara cardunculus or the tribulations of a dry flower arranger.
PubMed: [Effect of the atherogenic diet and Cynara scolymus L, and Cynara cardunculus L. on the histopathological picture of the coronary vessels and myocardium in rats].
PubMed: [Further studies on anti-arteriosclerotic properties of Cynara scolymus L and Cynara cardunculus L].
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Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
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