EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

phenyl acetonitrile
acetonitrile, phenyl-

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CAS Number: 140-29-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-410-5
Nikkaji Web:J5.653G
Beilstein Number:0385941
XlogP3:1.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:117.15079000
Formula:C8 H7 N
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:natural substances and extractives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: -24.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 233.00 to 234.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.056000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 215.00 °F. TCC ( 101.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.560
Soluble in:
 water, 2598 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 100 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: fragrance
Lluch Essence
Sheetal Chemicals
Phenyl Acetonitrile
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl cyanide 98%
For experimental / research use only.
Phenylacetonitrile >98.0%(GC)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
T - Toxic.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 24 - Toxic in contact with skin.
R 26 - Very toxic by inhalation.
S 01/02 - Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28 - After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-guinea pig LD50 10 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0570995

oral-mouse LD50 45500 ug/kg
Archives of Toxicology. Vol. 55, Pg. 47, 1984.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 10 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD277-689

oral-rat LD50 270 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 32(8), Pg. 20, 1967.

intraperitoneal-rat LDLo 74982 ug/kg
Toxicology Letters. Vol. 10, Pg. 265, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-guinea pig LDLo 5 ml/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0570995

skin-rabbit LD50 270 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 803, 1982.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 50 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 5, Pg. 161, 1899.

skin-rat LD50 2000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 803, 1982.

subcutaneous-frog LDLo 1100 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 5, Pg. 161, 1899.

subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 32 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 12, Pg. 447, 1904.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 100 mg/m3/2H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 25, 1982.

inhalation-rat LC50 430 mg/m3/2H
Hygiene and Sanitation Vol. 32(7-9), Pg. 176, 1967.

Safety in Use Information:
natural substances and extractives
IFRA Critical Effect:
Release of cyanide
 View the IFRA Standard
View IFRA Standards Library for complete information.
Please review Amendment 49 IFRA documentation for complete information.
Category 1: Products applied to the lips
See notebox %
Category 2: Products applied to the axillae
See notebox %
Category 3: Products applied to the face/body using fingertips
See notebox %
Category 4: Products related to fine fragrance
See notebox %
 Category 5: Products applied to the face and body using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
Category 5A: Body lotion products applied to the body using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
See notebox %
Category 5B: Face moisturizer products applied to the face using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
See notebox %
Category 5C: Hand cream products applied to the hands using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
See notebox %
Category 5D: Baby Creams, baby Oils and baby talc
See notebox %
Category 6: Products with oral and lip exposure
See notebox %
 Category 7: Products applied to the hair with some hand contact
Category 7A: Rinse-off products applied to the hair with some hand contact
See notebox %
Category 7B: Leave-on products applied to the hair with some hand contact
See notebox %
Category 8: Products with significant anogenital exposure
See notebox %
Category 9: Products with body and hand exposure, primarily rinse off
See notebox %
 Category 10: Household care products with mostly hand contact
Category 10A: Household care excluding aerosol products (excluding aerosol/spray products)
See notebox %
Category 10B: Household aerosol/spray products
See notebox %
 Category 11: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate
Category 11A: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate without UV exposure
See notebox %
Category 11B: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate with potential UV exposure
See notebox %
Category 12: Products not intended for direct skin contact, minimal or insignificant transfer to skin
See notebox

Due to the possible ingestion of small amounts of fragrance ingredients from their use in products in Categories 1 and 6, materials must not only comply with IFRA Standards but must also be recognized as safe as a flavoring ingredient as defined by the IOFI Code of Practice ( For more details see chapter 1 of the Guidance for the use of IFRA Standards.

Fragrance ingredient restriction - Note box
On the basis of established maximum concentration levels of this substance in commercially available natural sources (like essential oils and extracts), exposure to this substance from the use of these oils and extracts is not significant and the use of these oils is authorized as long as the level of Benzyl cyanide in the finished product does not exceed 0.01% (100 ppm).
Recommendation for phenyl acetonitrile flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):140-29-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :8794
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:AM1400000 for cas# 140-29-4
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:140-29-4
Pubchem (cid):8794
Pubchem (sid):134974768
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C16074
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB34171
Export Tariff Code:2926.90.4800
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
grades: technical.
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
FLchocolate cocoa
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 allamanda cathartica linn. flower oil brazil @ 9.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca absolute @ 1.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 1.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cress garden cress plant
Search Trop Picture
 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.02-0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 1.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kohlrabi stem
Search Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute (narcissus tazetta var. chinensis) @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.67%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orangeflower absolute morocco @ 0.0-1.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orangeflower water absolute @ 0.8-5.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 acetonitrile, phenyl-
 benzene acetonitrile
 benzyl cyanide
 benzyl nitrile
 cyanomethyl benzene
 phenyl acetyl nitrile


PubMed:Biotransformation of phenylacetonitrile to 2-hydroxyphenylacetic acid by marine fungi.
PubMed:Herbivore-induced phenylacetonitrile is biosynthesized from de novo-synthesized L-phenylalanine in the giant knotweed, Fallopia sachalinensis.
PubMed:Mass spectral determination of phenylacetonitrile (PAN) levels in body tissues of adult desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria.
PubMed:Synthesis of 3-cyanoindole derivatives mediated by copper(I) iodide using benzyl cyanide.
PubMed:Study of the lithiated phenylacetonitrile monoanions and dianions formed according to the lithiated base used (LHMDS, LDA, or n-BuLi). 2. Alkylation and deuteriation mechanism study by vibrational and NMR spectroscopy and quantum chemistry calculations.
PubMed:Phenylacetonitrile from the giant knotweed, Fallopia sachalinensis, infested by the Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, is induced by exogenous methyl jasmonate.
PubMed:A new synthetic route to 3-oxo-4-amino-1,2,3-oxadiazole from the diazeniumdiolation of benzyl cyanide: stable sydnone iminium N-oxides.
PubMed:An organic molecule modulated chemoselective cyclization of alkynyl nitriles tethered to 2-alkyl substituted chromones with multireactive sites.
PubMed:Wings and legs are production sites for the desert locust courtship-inhibition pheromone, phenylacetonitrile.
PubMed:2-Methyl-3-nitro-benzyl cyanide.
PubMed:Identification of the monoanions and of their complexes with lithium salts possibly formed in solution during the alkylation of lithiated phenylacetonitrile dianions: infrared spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations.
PubMed:E/Z oxime isomerism in PhC(NOH)CN.
PubMed:An assessment of the release of inorganic cyanide from the fragrance materials benzyl cyanide, geranyl nitrile and citronellyl nitrile applied dermally to the rat.
PubMed:Urinary thiocyanate levels as a biomarker for the generation of inorganic cyanide from benzyl cyanide in the rat.
PubMed:Solvent-free condensation of phenylacetonitrile and nonanenitrile with 4-methoxybenzaldehyde: optimization and mechanistic studies.
PubMed:Toxicity of benzyl cyanide in the rat.
PubMed:Sonocatalyzed synthesis of 2-phenylvaleronitrile under controlled reaction conditions--a kinetic study.
PubMed:Activation of nitriles by metal ligand cooperation. Reversible formation of ketimido- and enamido-rhenium PNP pincer complexes and relevance to catalytic design.
PubMed:An unusual presentation of a customs importation seizure containing amphetamine, possibly synthesized by the APAAN-P2P-Leuckart route.
PubMed:Effects of ultrasound on the formation of alpha-benzoylbenzyl cyanide from benzyl cyanide and alkylphenyl ketone from alpha-alkylbenzyl cyanide by potassium superoxide in the presence of crown ether.
PubMed:Ultrasound promoted C-alkylation of benzyl cyanide--effect of reactor and ultrasound parameters.
PubMed:Structural and vibrational characterization of the mono and dilithiated species derived from phenylacetonitrile in THF by infrared and Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations.
PubMed:Identification of pheromone-like compounds in male reproductive organs of the oriental locust Locusta migratoria.
PubMed:Insect egg deposition induces indirect defense and epicuticular wax changes in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Substituted alpha-(phenylhydrazono)phenylacetonitrile derivatives. Part 1: A new class of uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation.
PubMed:Effective computational modeling of constitutional isomerism and aggregation states of explicit solvates of lithiated phenylacetonitrile.
PubMed:Influence of ultrasound power on the alkylation of phenylacetonitrile under solid-liquid phase transfer catalysis conditions.
PubMed:[Alkylation of benzyl cyanide].
PubMed:Novel phenoxyalkylamine derivatives. IV. Synthesis, Ca2+-antagonistic activity and quantitative structure-activity analysis of alpha-isopropyl-alpha-[3-[3-(3-methoxyphenoxy)propylamino]propyl]- alpha-phenylacetonitrile derivatives.
PubMed:Novel phenoxyalkylamine derivatives. V. Synthesis, alpha-blocking activity and quantitative structure-activity analysis of alpha-[(phenoxyethylamino)propyl]-alpha-phenylacetonitrile derivatives.
PubMed:[Biotransformation and pharmacokinetics of (3,4-dichloroanilino)phenylacetonitrile (H 74)].
PubMed:[Synthesis of aminoalkyl derivatives of phenylacetonitrile from the bromonitriles].
PubMed:C-alkylation of active methylene compounds by means of alcohol. IV. C-alkylation of phenylacetonitrile with aliphatic alcohols.
PubMed:Antiarrhythmic action of alpha-isopropyl-beta-dimethylaminopropyl-phenylacetonitrile (Perocan).
PubMed:[Respiratory physiological studies before and after the administration of alpha-(isopropyl)-beta-(2-dimethylaminopropyl)-phenylacetonitrile].
PubMed:[On substantiation of the maximum permissible concentration of benzyl cyanide in the air of work sites].
PubMed:Substituted alpha-(phenylhydrazono)phenylacetonitrile derivatives. Part 2: Synthesis and biological activity of pro-pesticides.
PubMed:Study of the lithiated phenylacetonitrile monoanions and dianions formed according to the lithiated base used (LHMDS, LDA, or n-BuLi). 1. Evidence of heterodimer ("Quadac") or dianion formation by vibrational spectroscopy.
PubMed:[Novel phenoxyalkylamine derivatives. VI. Synthesis and alpha-blocking activity of alpha-[(phenoxyethylamino)propyl]-alpha-phenylacetonitrile derivatives].
PubMed:[Spasmolytic activity of (3,4-dichloroanilino)phenylacetonitrile (H 74) and its analogs].
PubMed:C- and N-acetylation of phenylacetamide with acetic anhydride by boron trifluoride. Conversion of phenylacetonitrile to diacetyl derivative of phenylacetamide.
PubMed:[The use of alpha-isopropyl-alpha-(beta-dimethylaminopropyl)-phenylacetonitrile citrate as an antitussive drug].
PubMed:[Pharmacology of 2-isopropyl-2-(2-dimethylaminopropyl)-2-phenylacetonitrile citrate].
PubMed:Isolation of identical nitrilase genes from multiple bacterial strains and real-time PCR detection of the genes from soils provides evidence of horizontal gene transfer.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid and their derivatives from the corresponding dinitriles by tetrachloroterephthalonitrile-induced Rhodococcus sp.
PubMed:Nitrile imines and nitrile ylides: rearrangements of benzonitrile N-methylimine and benzonitrile dimethylmethylide to azabutadienes, carbodiimides, and ketenimines. Chemical activation in thermolysis of azirenes, tetrazoles, oxazolones, isoxazolones, and oxadiazolones.
PubMed:Risk of egg parasitoid attraction depends on anti-aphrodisiac titre in the large cabbage white butterfly Pieris brassicae.
PubMed:POP-pincer ruthenium complexes: d(6) counterparts of osmium d(4) species.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of a nitrile hydrolysing acidotolerant black yeast-Exophiala oligosperma R1.
PubMed:Biotransformation of methylphenylacetonitriles by Brazilian marine fungal strain Aspergillus sydowii CBMAI 934: eco-friendly reactions.
PubMed:Nucleophilic attack of α-aminoalkyl radicals on carbon-nitrogen triple bonds to construct α-amino nitriles: an experimental and computational study.
PubMed:Synthesis and evaluation of (Z)-2,3-diphenylacrylonitrile analogs as anti-cancer and anti-microbial agents.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of heterologously expressed nitrilases from filamentous fungi.
PubMed:Progress in carbonylative [2+2+1] cycloaddition: utilization of a nitrile group as the π component.
PubMed:Utilization of arylaliphatic nitriles by haloalkaliphilic Halomonas nitrilicus sp. nov. isolated from soda soils.
PubMed:Versatile Reactivity of Scorpionate-Anchored YttriumDialkyl Complexes towards Unsaturated Substrates.
PubMed:Reactions of Group 4 metallocene complexes with mono- and diphenylacetonitrile: formation of unusual four- and six-membered metallacycles.
PubMed:Stability of benzylic-type isothiocyanates in hydrodistillation-mimicking conditions.
PubMed:Nickel-catalyzed decyanation of inert carbon-cyano bonds.
PubMed:Volatiles from apple trees infested with light brown apple moth larvae attract the parasitoid Dolichogenidia tasmanica.
PubMed:A new nitrilase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110. Gene cloning, biochemical characterization and substrate specificity.
PubMed:Aerobic oxidations of C60(2-) in the presence of PhCN and PhCH2CN: oxygenation versus dehydrogenation reactions.
PubMed:Present or past herbivory: a screening of volatiles released from Brassica rapa under caterpillar attacks as attractants for the solitary parasitoid, Cotesia vestalis.
PubMed:Uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers for d-chlorpheniramine: influence of a porogen on their morphology and enantioselectivity.
PubMed:Photostimulated reduction of nitriles by SmI2.
PubMed:Concentration-dependent parsimonious releaser roles of gregarious male pheromone of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of novel 2, 2'-bipyrimidine fluorescent derivative for protein binding.
PubMed:Investigation of photodegradation and hydrolysis of selected substituted urea and organophosphate pesticides in water.
PubMed:Phenology of semiochemical-mediated host foraging by the western boxelder bug, Boisea rubrolineata, an aposematic seed predator.
PubMed:Probing the enantioselectivity of a diverse group of purified cobalt-centred nitrile hydratases.
PubMed:[Design, synthesis and evaluation of novel 2H-1, 4-benzodiazepine-2-ones as inhibitors of HIV-1 transcription].
PubMed:Differential response in foliar chemistry of three ash species to emerald ash borer adult feeding.
PubMed:Mechanical activation of catalysts for C-C bond forming and anionic polymerization reactions from a single macromolecular reagent.
PubMed:Hitch-hiking parasitic wasp learns to exploit butterfly antiaphrodisiac.
PubMed:Genome mining for the discovery of new nitrilases in filamentous fungi.
PubMed:Volatile composition screening of Salix spp. nectar honey: benzenecarboxylic acids, norisoprenoids, terpenes, and others.
PubMed:Stereodivergent quaternization of 2-alkyl-2-p-tolylsulfinylacetonitriles: NMR spectroscopic evidence of planar and pyramidal benzylic carbanions.
PubMed:Novel cross-stage solitarising effect of gregarious-phase adult desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria (Forskål)) pheromone on hoppers.
PubMed:Biocatalytic synthesis of (R)-(-)-mandelic acid from racemic mandelonitrile by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-permeabilized cells of Alcaligenes faecalis ECU0401.
PubMed:Metalated nitrile and enolate chlorinations.
PubMed:Chemical ecology of obligate pollination mutualisms: testing the 'private channel' hypothesis in the Breynia-Epicephala association.
PubMed:Odorous products of the chlorination of phenylalanine in water: formation, evolution, and quantification.
PubMed:In vitro digestion of sinigrin and glucotropaeolin by single strains of Bifidobacterium and identification of the digestive products.
PubMed:Juvenile-hormone-mediated plasticity of aggregation behaviour and olfactory processing in adult desert locusts.
PubMed:Anti-aphrodisiac compounds of male butterflies increase the risk of egg parasitoid attack by inducing plant synomone production.
PubMed:Isocyanides inhibit human heme oxygenases at the verdoheme stage.
PubMed:Alternate substrates of dopamine beta-hydroxylase. I. Kinetic investigations of benzyl cyanides as substrates and inhibitors.
PubMed:Characterisation of the substrate specificity of the nitrile hydrolyzing system of the acidotolerant black yeast Exophiala oligosperma R1.
PubMed:Rhodium-catalyzed reductive cleavage of carbon-cyano bonds with hydrosilane: a catalytic protocol for removal of cyano groups.
PubMed:Reductions of aliphatic and aromatic nitriles to primary amines with diisopropylaminoborane.
PubMed:Metabolism of organonitriles to cyanide by rat nasal tissue enzymes.
PubMed:Nucleophilicities of the anions of arylacetonitriles and arylpropionitriles in dimethyl sulfoxide.
PubMed:Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran.
PubMed:Dolichodial: a new aphid sex pheromone component?
PubMed:Structure of a mutagen from roasted seeds of Moringa oleifera.
PubMed:Male-derived butterfly anti-aphrodisiac mediates induced indirect plant defense.
PubMed:Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece.
PubMed:A comprehensive investigation of the chemistry and basicity of a parent amidoruthenium complex.
PubMed:Aggregation pheromone system of adult gregarious desert locust schistocerca gregaria (forskal).
PubMed:Stereoselective construction of nitrile-substituted cyclopropanes.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of an enantioselective arylacetonitrilase from Pseudomonas putida.
PubMed:Derivative of alpha,beta-dicyanostilbene: convenient precursor for the synthesis of diphenylmaleimide compounds, E-Z isomerization, crystal structure, and solid-state fluorescence.
PubMed:Cyanogenic allosides and glucosides from Passiflora edulis and Carica papaya.
PubMed:Genetic change may be caused by interference with protein-protein interactions.
PubMed:Stereoselective quaternization of alpha-amino phenylacetonitriles mediated by a remote sulfinyl group.
PubMed:Chemical communication: butterfly anti-aphrodisiac lures parasitic wasps.
PubMed:Improved reagent for electrophilic amination of stabilized carbanions.
PubMed:Antiaphrodisiacs in pierid butterflies: a theme with variation!
PubMed:Antennal perception of oilseed rape,Brassica napus (Brassicaceae), volatiles by the cabbage seed weevilCeutorhynchus assimilis (Coleoptera, Curculionidae).
PubMed:Mammalian pheromones VIII Chemical characterization of preorbital gland secretion of grey duiker,Sylvicapra grimmia (Artiodactyla: Bovidae).
PubMed:Characterization of benzyl isothiocyanate and phenyl acetonitrile from papayas by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Synthesis and antiprotozoal evaluation of benzothiazolopyrroloquinoxalinones, analogues of kuanoniamine A.
PubMed:The physiology of locust phase polymorphism: an update.
PubMed:Courtship inhibition pheromone in desert locusts, Schistocerca gregaria.
PubMed:Flash vacuum pyrolysis over solid catalysts. 2. pyrazoles over hydrotalcites.
PubMed:Novel heme-containing lyase, phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase from Bacillus sp. strain OxB-1: purification, characterization, and molecular cloning of the gene.
PubMed:Biodegradation of cyanide compounds by a Pseudomonas species (S1).
PubMed:Fecal volatiles as part of the aggregation pheromone complex of the desert locust,Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae).
PubMed:Mechanistic and structural studies on Rhodococcus ATCC 39484 nitrilase.
PubMed:Regiochemistry and substrate stereoselectivity of O-demethylation of verapamil in the presence of the microsomal fraction from rat and human liver.
PubMed:Constituents of mandibular and Dufour's glands of an australianPolyrhachis weaver ant.
PubMed:Ozone degrades common herbivore-induced plant volatiles: does this affect herbivore prey location by predators and parasitoids?
PubMed:Benzyl isothiocyanate is the chief or sole anthelmintic in papaya seed extracts.
PubMed:Boundary conditions on the partitioning of deaminatively generated benzyl cations.
PubMed:Induction by nitriles of sex chromosome aneuploidy: tests of mechanism.
PubMed:A kinetic evaluation of monoamine oxidase activity in rat liver mitochondrial outer membranes.
PubMed:The reaction pathway of membrane-bound rat liver mitochondrial monoamine oxidase.
PubMed:Naturally occurring toxic factors in plants and animals used as food.
PubMed:A novel azaindolizinone derivative ZSET1446 (spiro[imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3,2-indan]-2(3H)-one) improves methamphetamine-induced impairment of recognition memory in mice by activating extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2.
PubMed:Glycine conjugates in a lepidopteran insect herbivore--the metabolism of benzylglucosinolate in the cabbage white butterfly, Pieris rapae.
PubMed:Retentivity and enantioselectivity of uniformly-sized molecularly imprinted polymers for (S)-nilvadipine in aqueous and non-aqueous mobile phases.
PubMed:Regulation of aldoxime dehydratase activity by redox-dependent change in the coordination structure of the aldoxime-heme complex.
PubMed:A ruthenium-grafted hydrotalcite as a multifunctional catalyst for direct alpha-alkylation of nitriles with primary alcohols.
PubMed:Effects of juvenile hormone treatment on phase changes and pheromone production in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae).
PubMed:Cyanogenesis in glucosinolate-producing plants: Carica papaya and Carica quercifolia.
PubMed:Selective mono-C-methylations of arylacetonitriles and arylacetates with dimethylcarbonate: a mechanistic investigation.
PubMed:Kairomone from dandelion,Taraxacum officinale, attractant for scarab beetleAnomala octiescostata.
PubMed:Cytochrome P-455 nm complex formation in the metabolism of phenylalkylamines. XIII. Enzyme interactions with a series of beta-alkyl-substituted 2-phenylethanamines and corresponding N-hydroxylamines.
PubMed:Nitriles and isonitriles as interferents in cyanide determination in polluted waters.
PubMed:Mutagens from roasted seeds of Moringa oleifera.
PubMed:Biological properties of 3-benzyl-1,2-benzisothiazole compounds.
PubMed:A comparative randomized double-blind clinical trial of isoaminile citrate and chlophedianol hydrochloride as antitussive agents.
PubMed:The biosynthesis of cyanogenic glucosides in higher plants. Channeling of intermediates in dhurrin biosynthesis by a microsomal system from Sorghum bicolor (linn) Moench.
PubMed:Analgesic activity of the epimeric tropane analogs of meperidine. A physical and pharmacological study.
PubMed:A cyanogenic glycoside from Canthium schimperianum.
reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor. Isol. from oil of garden cress (Lepidium sativum) and other plant oils
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