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pinus halepensis branch/leaf oil
volatile oil obtained from the branches and leaves of pinus halepensis, pinaceae

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CAS Number: 97435-13-7
ECHA EC Number:306-894-1
Category:masking agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
citrus lemon bergamot lime zesty vegetable
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Hermitage Oils
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “In my humble opinion Aleppo pine also known as Jerusalem pine is one of the most aromatically sublime pine essential oils produced. As soon as I open the bottle I’m transported back in time to Southern Italy, smelling lemons, bergamots and cedrat fruits on the trees all over again. There is lovely fresh sharpness to the opening as well, comparable to the zest of lime zest entwined with a distinct vegetative note that reminds me of freshly picked runner beans.
The Vault
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
Category: masking agents
Recommendation for pinus halepensis branch/leaf oil flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
pinus halepensis"+"branch/leaf oil
 pinus halepensis"+"branch/leaf oil
Pubchem (sid):135339389
Other Information:
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
abronia fragrance
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
aldehydic nitrile
cedrat specialty
citral propylene glycol acetal
citronella oil ceylon
citronella oil ceylon replacer
citronellal oxime
citronellyl nitrile
dihydromyrcenyl acetate
lemongrass fragrance
lemongrass oil
lemongrass oil guatemala
lemongrass oil replacer
mandarin lemon fagrance
trimethyl cyclohexene
verbena oil spain
verbena oil terpeneless
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
petitgrain lemon oil
green acetate
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
citral propylene glycol acetal
citronella oil ceylon
lemongrass oil
lemongrass oil guatemala
petitgrain lemon oil
verbena oil spain
verbena oil terpeneless
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 pinus halepensis branch
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aleppo pine branch/leaf oil
jerusalem pine branch/leaf oil
 volatile oil obtained from the branches and leaves of pinus halepensis, pinaceae


PubMed:Indirect Evidence for Genetic Differentiation in Vulnerability to Embolism in Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Missing Rings in Pinus halepensis - The Missing Link to Relate the Tree-Ring Record to Extreme Climatic Events.
PubMed:Timing of False Ring Formation in Pinus halepensis and Arbutus unedo in Southern Italy: Outlook from an Analysis of Xylogenesis and Tree-Ring Chronologies.
PubMed:The Impact of Competition and Allelopathy on the Trade-Off between Plant Defense and Growth in Two Contrasting Tree Species.
PubMed:Climatic Signals from Intra-annual Density Fluctuation Frequency in Mediterranean Pines at a Regional Scale.
PubMed:Genetic Structure of a Naturally Regenerating Post-Fire Seedling Population: Pinus halepensis As a Case Study.
PubMed:Chemical modification of coating of Pinus halepensis pollen by ozone exposure.
PubMed:Composition and Chemical Variability of the Needle Oil from Pinus halepensis growing in Corsica.
PubMed:Resilience to seasonal heat wave episodes in a Mediterranean pine forest.
PubMed:Ash-soil interface: Mineralogical composition and physical structure.
PubMed:Composition and Chemical Variability of the Needle Oil from Pinus halepensis growing in Corsica.
PubMed:Thinning effects on litterfall remaining after 8 years and improved stand resilience in Aleppo pine afforestation (SE Spain).
PubMed:Linking wood anatomy and xylogenesis allows pinpointing of climate and drought influences on growth of coexisting conifers in continental Mediterranean climate.
PubMed:Tuber melosporum smooth spores: an anomalous feature in the genus Tuber.
PubMed:What determines tree mortality in dry environments? A multi-perspective approach.
PubMed:Field heritability of a plant adaptation to fire in heterogeneous landscapes.
PubMed:An epidemiological assessment of stomatal ozone flux-based critical levels for visible ozone injury in Southern European forests.
PubMed:Temporal changes in soil water repellency after a forest fire in a Mediterranean calcareous soil: Influence of ash and different vegetation type.
PubMed:Warming reduces the cover and diversity of biocrust-forming mosses and lichens, and increases the physiological stress of soil microbial communities in a semi-arid Pinus halepensis plantation.
PubMed:Intraspecific variation in the use of water sources by the circum-Mediterranean conifer Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Some physicochemical characteristics of pinus (Pinus halepensis Mill., Pinus pinea L., Pinus pinaster and Pinus canariensis) seeds from North Algeria, their lipid profiles and volatile contents.
PubMed:Composition and chemical variability of Corsican Pinus halepensis cone oil.
PubMed:Seasonal variability of foliar photosynthetic and morphological traits and drought impacts in a Mediterranean mixed forest.
PubMed:Fast growth involves high dependence on stored resources in seedlings of Mediterranean evergreen trees.
PubMed:Countervailing effects on pine and oak leaf litter decomposition in human-altered Mediterranean ecosystems.
PubMed:The effect of rainfall and competition intensity on forest response to drought: lessons learned from a dry extreme.
PubMed:Health and vitality assessment of two common pine species in the context of climate change in southern Europe.
PubMed:Greek Pinus essential oils: larvicidal activity and repellency against Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Needles of Pinus halepensis as biomonitors of bioaerosol emissions.
PubMed:Drought stress, growth and nonstructural carbohydrate dynamics of pine trees in a semi-arid forest.
PubMed:Tree carbon allocation dynamics determined using a carbon mass balance approach.
PubMed:Nutritional quality of fresh and heated Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seed oil: trans-fatty acid isomers profiles and antioxidant properties.
PubMed:How do microlocal environmental variations affect microbial activities of a Pinus halepensis litter in a Mediterranean coastal area?
PubMed:Heritability and quantitative genetic divergence of serotiny, a fire-persistence plant trait.
PubMed:Biogeochemical indicators of elevated nitrogen deposition in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems.
PubMed:Metal(loid) allocation and nutrient retranslocation in Pinus halepensis trees growing on semiarid mine tailings.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of leaves and fruits of cultivated conifers in iran.
PubMed:An integrative analysis of the dynamics of landscape- and local-scale colonization of Mediterranean woodlands by Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Extreme fire severity patterns in topographic, convective and wind-driven historical wildfires of Mediterranean pine forests.
PubMed:First insights into the transcriptome and development of new genomic tools of a widespread circum-Mediterranean tree species, Pinus halepensis Mill.
PubMed:Plasticity in dendroclimatic response across the distribution range of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis).
PubMed:Morphological characterization of mycorrhizae formed between three Terfezia species (desert truffles) and several Cistaceae and Aleppo pine.
PubMed:Pollen, wind and fire: how to investigate genetic effects of disturbance-induced change in forest trees.
PubMed:Usefulness of pioneer vegetation for the phytomanagement of metal(loid)s enriched tailings: grasses vs. shrubs vs. trees.
PubMed:Fire structures pine serotiny at different scales.
PubMed:Development-specific responses to drought stress in Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seedlings.
PubMed:Fire-induced population reduction and landscape opening increases gene flow via pollen dispersal in Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Plasticity in reproduction and growth among 52 range-wide populations of a Mediterranean conifer: adaptive responses to environmental stress.
PubMed:Does prescribed burning affect leaf secondary metabolites in pine stands?
PubMed:Allelochemicals of Pinus halepensis as drivers of biodiversity in Mediterranean open mosaic habitats during the colonization stage of secondary succession.
PubMed:Endophytic fungi isolated from Pinus halepensis needles in M'sila (Algeria) region and their bioactivities.
PubMed:Differential ecophysiological response of a major Mediterranean pine species across a climatic gradient.
PubMed:Does anthracene affect microbial activities and organic matter decomposition? A comparative study in Pinus halepensis litters from Mediterranean coastal and inland areas.
PubMed:Ephedra alte (joint pine): an invasive, problematic weedy species in forestry and fruit tree orchards in Jordan.
PubMed:Combination of Fospeg-IPDT and a natural antioxidant compound prevents photosensitivity in a murine prostate cancer tumour model.
PubMed:Fatty acid profiles, antioxidant compounds and antiradical properties of Pinus halepensis Mill. cones and seeds.
PubMed:Appraisal on the wound healing and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oils obtained from the cones and needles of Pinus species by in vivo and in vitro experimental models.
PubMed:Effects of forest plantations on the genetic composition of conspecific native Aleppo pine populations.
PubMed:Stand structure modulates the long-term vulnerability of Pinus halepensis to climatic drought in a semiarid Mediterranean ecosystem.
PubMed:The combined effects of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Tuber melanosporum on the quality of Pinus halepensis seedlings.
PubMed:The full path of Janzen-Connell effects: genetic tracking of seeds to adult plant recruitment.
PubMed:Environmental distribution of PAHs in pine needles, soils, and sediments.
PubMed:Instantaneous and historical temperature effects on alpha-pinene emissions in Pinus halepensis and Quercus ilex.
PubMed:Genetic evidence for a Janzen-Connell recruitment pattern in reproductive offspring of Pinus halepensis trees.
PubMed:Pine needles as passive bio-samplers to determine polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed:Evaluation of antileishmanial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from plants issued from the leishmaniasis-endemic region of Sned (Tunisia).
PubMed:Hydraulic adjustments underlying drought resistance of Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Identification of various laccases induced by anthracene and contribution to its degradation in a Mediterranean coastal pine litter.
PubMed:Increase in water-use efficiency and underlying processes in pine forests across a precipitation gradient in the dry Mediterranean region over the past 30 years.
PubMed:Relationships between tree size, crown shape, gender segregation and sex allocation in Pinus halepensis, a Mediterranean pine tree.
PubMed:Ceratonia siliqua (carob) trees as natural habitat and source of infection by Cryptococcus gattii in the Mediterranean environment.
PubMed:Pinus halepensis invasion in mountain pampean grassland: effects of feral horses grazing on seedling establishment.
PubMed:Distribution and sources of PAHs using three pine species along the Ebro River.
PubMed:Leaf δ18O of remaining trees is affected by thinning intensity in a semiarid pine forest.
PubMed:Evaluating post-fire forest resilience using GIS and multi-criteria analysis: an example from Cape Sounion National Park, Greece.
PubMed:The Strait of Gibraltar as a major biogeographic barrier in Mediterranean conifers: a comparative phylogeographic survey.
PubMed:Genetic signals of ancient decline in Aleppo pine populations at the species' southwestern margins in the Mediterranean Basin.
PubMed:Leptographium tereforme sp. nov. and other Ophiostomatales isolated from the root-feeding bark beetle Hylurgus ligniperda in California.
PubMed:Chios mastic, a natural supplement for zinc to enhance male sexuality and prostate function.
PubMed:Plant and soil carbon accumulation following fire in Mediterranean woodlands in Spain.
PubMed:Two new media Pinus halepensis seed agar and blackberry agar for rapid identification of Cryptococcus neoformans.
PubMed:Visible and microscopic needle alterations of mature Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) trees growing on an ozone gradient in eastern Spain.
PubMed:Sensitivity to zinc of Mediterranean woody species important for restoration.
PubMed:Environmental benefits of using magnesium carbonate minerals as new wildfire retardants instead of commercially available, phosphate-based compounds.
PubMed:Plastic bimodal xylogenesis in conifers from continental Mediterranean climates.
PubMed:Equilibrium and kinetics of cadmium adsorption from aqueous solutions using untreated Pinus halepensis sawdust.
PubMed:Patterns of polymorphism resulting from long-range colonization in the Mediterranean conifer Aleppo pine.
PubMed:Variations in allelochemical composition of leachates of different organs and maturity stages of Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Seasonal carbon storage and growth in Mediterranean tree seedlings under different water conditions.
PubMed:Biodiversity of the chemical constituents in the epiphytic lichenized ascomycete Ramalina lacera grown on difference substrates Crataegus sinaicus, Pinus halepensis, and Quercus calliprinos.
PubMed:Water stress responses of two Mediterranean tree species influenced by native soil microorganisms and inoculation with a plant growth promoting rhizobacterium.
PubMed:Production and diversity of volatile terpenes from plants on calcareous and siliceous soils: effect of soil nutrients.
PubMed:To grow or to seed: ecotypic variation in reproductive allocation and cone production by young female Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis, Pinaceae).
PubMed:Physiology-phenology interactions in a productive semi-arid pine forest.
PubMed:Ultrasound-assisted removal of malachite green from aqueous solution by dead pine needles.
PubMed:Sensitivity of terpene emissions to drought and fertilization in terpene-storing Pinus halepensis and non-storing Quercus ilex.
PubMed:Implications of foliar terpene content and hydration on leaf flammability of Quercus ilex and Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Woody plant richness and NDVI response to drought events in Catalonian (northeastern Spain) forests.
PubMed:Inoculation of Pinus halepensis Mill. with selected ectomycorrhizal fungi improves seedling establishment 2 years after planting in a degraded gypsum soil.
PubMed:Invasion of Pinus halepensis Mill. following a wildfire in an Argentine grassland nature reserve.
PubMed:Use of dendrochronological method in Pinus halepensis to estimate the soil erosion in the South East of Madrid (Spain).
PubMed:The use of Aleppo pine needles as a bio-monitor of heavy metals in the atmosphere.
PubMed:Plant coexistence alters terpene emission and content of Mediterranean species.
PubMed:Effect of intraspecific competition and substrate type on terpene emissions from some Mediterranean plant species.
PubMed:Water deficit stress induces different monoterpene and sesquiterpene emission changes in Mediterranean species. Relationship between terpene emissions and plant water potential.
PubMed:Analysis of spatial genetic structure in an expanding Pinus halepensis population reveals development of fine-scale genetic clustering over time.
PubMed:Simulation of stomatal conductance for Aleppo pine to estimate its ozone uptake.
PubMed:The biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory in France: application to plant ecosystems in the Berre-Marseilles area (France).
PubMed:Molecular characterization and evaluation of mycorrhizal capacity of Suillus isolates from central Spain for the selection of fungal inoculants.
PubMed:Sensitivity of Mediterranean woody seedlings to copper, nickel and zinc.
PubMed:The use of compost in afforestation of Mediterranean areas: Effects on soil properties and young tree seedlings.
PubMed:Response of Pinus halepensis Mill. seedlings to biosolids enriched with Cu, Ni and Zn in three Mediterranean forest soils.
PubMed:A common mode of attraction of larvae and adults of insect predators to the sex pheromone of their prey (Hemiptera: Matsucoccidae).
PubMed:Molecular markers detecting an ectomycorrhizal Suillus collinitus strain on Pinus halepensis roots suggest successful inoculation and persistence in Mediterranean nursery and plantation.
PubMed:Colonisation of Pinus halepensis roots by Pseudomonas fluorescens and interaction with the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus granulatus.
PubMed:Enterobacter cloacae, an obligatory endophyte of pollen grains of Mediterranean pines.
PubMed:Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) core and rice hulls as components of container media for growing Pinus halepensis M. seedlings.
PubMed:Bioaccumulation of copper, iron, and zinc by Pinus halepensis (Miller).
PubMed:Case study: inorganic pollutants associated with particulate matter from an area near a petrochemical plant.
PubMed:Trace element accumulation in the moss Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw. and the trees Quercus ilex L. and Pinus halepensis Mill. in Catalonia.
PubMed:Compensation processes of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) to ozone exposure and drought stress.
PubMed:Morphological and physiological damage by surfactant-polluted seaspray on Pinus pinea and Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Fatty acid composition of two Tunisian pine seed oils.
PubMed:Association between tree-ring and needle delta13C and leaf gas exchange in Pinus halepensis under semi-arid conditions.
PubMed:The geographic selection mosaic for squirrels, crossbills and Aleppo pine.
PubMed:'Candidatus Phytoplasma pini', a novel taxon from Pinus silvestris and Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Hypersensitivity to pollen allergens on the Adriatic coast.
PubMed:Winter photoinhibition in the field involves different processes in four co-occurring Mediterranean tree species.
PubMed:Spatial pattern of ozone injury in Aleppo pine related to air pollution dynamics in a coastal-mountain region of eastern Spain.
PubMed:Effects of nitrogen deposition on nitrogen cycling in an Aleppo pine stand in Athens, Greece.
PubMed:Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution.
PubMed:Studies on the structure of the plant wax nonacosan-10-ol, the main component of epicuticular wax conifers.
PubMed:Complex population genetic structure in the endemic Canary Island pine revealed using chloroplast microsatellite markers.
PubMed:Delta(13)C and tree-ring width reflect different drought responses in Quercus ilex and Pinus halepensis.
PubMed:Phenolic compounds content in Pinus halepensis Mill. needles: a bioindicator of air pollution.
PubMed:Does tree diversity increase wood production in pine forests?
PubMed:Background ozone monitoring and phytodetection in the greater rural area of Corinth--Greece.
PubMed:Regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in Pinus halepensis needles submitted to ozone and water stress.
PubMed:Energy dissipation in drought-avoiding and drought-tolerant tree species at midday during the Mediterranean summer.
PubMed:Physiological response of Pinus halepensis needles under ozone and water stress conditions.
PubMed:Seasonal patterns of non-terpenoid C6-C10 VOC emission from seven Mediterranean woody species.
PubMed:Ozone treatment affects pigment precursor metabolism in pine seedlings.
PubMed:Relationship between carbohydrate concentration and root growth potential in coniferous seedlings from three climates during cold hardening and dehardening.
PubMed:Elevated CO2 and ozone reduce nitrogen acquisition by Pinus halepensis from its mycorrhizal symbiont.
PubMed:Characterization of nuclear microsatellites in Pinus halepensis Mill. and their inheritance in P. halepensis and Pinus brutia Ten.
PubMed:Impacts of urban levels of ozone on Pinus halepensis foliage.
PubMed:Antioxidative defense and photoprotection in Pinus halepensis induced by Mediterranean conditions and ozone exposure.
PubMed:Seasonal patterns of terpene content and emission from seven Mediterranean woody species in field conditions.
PubMed:Geographical variation in water relations, hydraulic architecture and terpene composition of Aleppo pine seedlings from Italian provinces.
PubMed:Fatty acids and ultrastructure of ozone-exposed Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) needles.
PubMed:Hypersensitivity to pollen allergens on the Adriatic coast.
PubMed:Description of Bakernema dauniense n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Italy.
PubMed:Isozyme variation and heterozygosity in Pinus halepensis L.
None found
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