Typical G.C. analysis

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil
154.1 aristolenol
20.2  camphene
174.2  carvacrol
122.0para- cymen-8-ol
618.0para- cymene
114.0 dihydropinocarvone
76.0  limonene
90.6  linalool
142.8  methyl thymol
50.7  myrcene
110.0alpha- pinene
40.3beta- pinene
103.9  pinocarveol
30.2  sabinene
80.1gamma- terpinene
131.9alpha- terpineol
162.0  thymol
croton eluteria bark oil
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
hyssopus officinalis oil
140.3(E)- anethole
171.2beta- bourbonene
181.4beta- caryophyllene
40.1para- cymene
70.4  dihydroverbenone
190.1alpha- humulene
60.6  linalool
160.5  methyl eugenol
3trace  myrcene
131.3  myrtenol
50.2beta- phellandrene
1tracealpha- pinene
20.2beta- pinene
1018.1  pinocamphone
917.4iso pinocamphone
80.6  pinocarveol
150.3  sabinyl acetate
110.4  terpinen-4-ol
120.2alpha- terpineol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, étude des propriétés bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles préamblement analysées. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil corsica
193.20  borneol
158.70  bornyl acetate
26.30  camphene
1311.80  camphor
93.001,8- cineole
121.20para- cymene
210.50  geraniol
73.10  limonene
143.40  linalool
43.40  myrcene
101.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
51.30alpha- phellandrene
83.00beta- phellandrene
122.00alpha- pinene
33.90beta- pinene
170.90  pinocarveol
161.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.70alpha- terpinene
111.90gamma- terpinene
181.00alpha- terpineol
2010.70  verbenone

F. Tomi, P. Bradesi, A. Bigelli and J, Casanova, Computer aided identification of individual components of essential oils using carbon13-NMR spectroscopy. J. Magnet. Reson. Anal., 25-34 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

sage oil dalmatian
As part of a study of the essential oils of Salvia species, Mathé et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis using GC and GC/MS. The components identified in this oil were as follows:
 2.95  borneol
 1.53  bornyl acetate
 5.80  camphene
 26.85  camphor
 4.59beta- caryophyllene
 0.34  caryophyllene oxide
 11.821,8- cineole
 0.90para- cymene
 2.64  limonene
 1.95  linalool
 0.69  myrcene
 3.69alpha- pinene
 1.58beta- pinene
 6.65  pinocarveol
 0.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.16gamma- terpinene
 0.11alpha- terpineol
 0.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
 0.11alpha- thujene
 23.00alpha- thujone
 3.80beta- thujone
salvia officinalis oil sardinia
Also in 1998, Tiziana Baratta et al. used CC/MS to analyze an oil produced from sage leaves obtained in the U.K. spice market. They found that the oil contained the following constituents:
193.00  borneol
131.50  bornyl acetate
45.80  camphene
1226.80  camphor
144.60beta- caryophyllene
210.30  caryophyllene oxide
711.801,8- cineole
90.90para- cymene
62.60  limonene
172.00  linalool
50.70  myrcene
13.70alpha- pinene
21.60beta- pinene
206.70  pinocarveol
150.40  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
180.10alpha- terpineol
160.50alpha- terpinyl acetate
30.10alpha- thujene
1023.00alpha- thujone
113.80beta- thujone

A. T. Peana, M. D. L. Moretti and C. Juliano, Chemical composition and antimicrobial action of the essential oils of Salvia desoleana and S. sclarea. Planta Med., 65,752-753 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

tanacetum vulgare flower oil
2112.49  borneol
33.31  camphene
189.14  camphor
280.84  carvone
164.04  chrysanthenone
290.20  chrysanthenyl acetate
300.10alpha- copaene
70.37para- cymene
270.44isodihydrocarveol + nerol
2622.29(E)- dihydrocarvone
253.88(Z)- dihydrocarvone
120.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
310.94  germacrene D
80.07  limonene
140.26  linalool
200.19  lyratol
130.14(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
110.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
913.53beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
21.34alpha- pinene
50.97beta- pinene
170.57  pinocarveol
190.83  pinocarvone
42.67  sabinene
231.03  terpinen-4-ol
60.23alpha- terpinene
100.37gamma- terpinene
240.39alpha- terpineol
1511.64beta- thujone
10.21  tricyclene
221.86  umbellulone

G. J. Collin, H. Deslauriers, N. Pageau and M. Gagnon, Essential oil of tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) of Canadian origin. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 629-638 (1993).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

thymus vulgaris oil CO2 extract
Oszagyan et al. (1996) analyzed the composition od supercritical fluid CO2 extract of thyme (ex. T. vulgaris) and compared it to a steam-distilled oil. The quantitative data was obtained in a GD-FID, whereas the identity od each component was determined by GC/MS. A comparison between the two analyses is shown in Table VII. Note, only the CO2 extract will be shown here.
160.02  borneol
220.37  bornyl acetate
300.24gamma- cadinene
30.04  camphene
243.17  carvacrol
271.64beta- caryophyllene
100.161,8- cineole
260.22alpha- copaene
82.55para- cymene
210.04  geraniol
320.27  heptadecane
340.16  heptadecanoic acid
310.10  hexadecane
280.09alpha- humulene
90.09  limonene
131.63  linalool
200.54  methyl carvacrol
190.32  methyl thymol
50.17  myrcene
335.98  palmitic acid
60.09alpha- phellandrene
20.01alpha- pinene
40.35beta- pinene
140.02  pinocarveol
358.30  stearic acid
171.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.07alpha- terpinene
110.67gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
150.22beta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
2336.59  thymol
290.01  valencene
25tracealpha- ylangene

H. J. Bestmann, J. Ederand O. Vostrowky, Extraktion von Thymian mit flusigem CO2 in Labormasstab. Zeit. Lebersmitt. Unters Forsch., 180, 491-493 (1985).

P&F 20, No. 3, 67, (1995)

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