EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

tripropyl amine

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 102-69-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-047-7
FDA UNII: 06S624V3U2
Nikkaji Web:J26.188B
Beilstein Number:1098331
CoE Number:10495
XlogP3:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:143.27337000
Formula:C9 H21 N
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1612 tripropylamine
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:11.026 tripropylamine
FEMA Number:4247 tripropylamine
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):102-69-2 ; TRIPROPYLAMINE
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.75400 to 0.76000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.274 to 6.324
Refractive Index:1.41100 to 1.41700 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -94.00 to -92.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 156.00 to 158.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:2.663000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.9 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 98.00 °F. TCC ( 36.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.790
Soluble in:
 water, 3423 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 748 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fishy
fishy ammoniacal
Odor Description:at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. fishy ammoniacal
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Eastman Chemical
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Penta International
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Tripropylamine ≥98%
Taminco (Eastman)
For experimental / research use only.
Tripropylamine >98.0%(GC)(T)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
T - Toxic.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/21 - Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.
R 25 - Toxic if swallowed.
R 34 - Causes burns.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 96 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1969a)

unreported-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 740 mg/kg
Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. Vol. 14, Pg. 80, 1975.

oral-rat LD50 96 mg/kg
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 30, Pg. 470, 1969.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 570 ul/kg
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 30, Pg. 470, 1969.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 3800 mg/m3/2H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 118, 1982.

inhalation-mammal (species unspecified) LC50 5100 mg/m3
Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. Vol. 14, Pg. 80, 1975.

inhalation-mouse LC50 3800 mg/m3/2H
Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. Vol. 14, Pg. 80, 1975.

inhalation-rat LC50 5100 mg/m3/4H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 118, 1982.

Safety in Use Information:
flavoring agents
Recommendation for tripropyl amine usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.012 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.02 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 340 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 22
Click here to view publication 22
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 2.0000010.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: 0.200001.00000
cheese: 0.400002.00000
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 0.100000.50000
confectionery froastings: 1.000005.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 0.100000.50000
fish products: 0.200001.00000
frozen dairy: 0.400002.00000
fruit ices: 0.400002.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 0.100000.50000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 0.200001.00000
milk products: 0.400002.00000
nut products: --
other grains: 0.200001.00000
poultry: 0.200001.00000
processed fruits: 0.400002.00000
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 0.100000.50000
snack foods: 1.000005.00000
soft candy: --
soups: 0.100000.50000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 0.400002.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 0.100000.50000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 0.400002.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 0.400002.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 1.000005.00000
Chewing gum (05.3): --
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 0.200001.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 2.0000010.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 0.200001.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 0.200001.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 0.100000.50000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 0.200001.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): --
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 1.000005.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 1.000005.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 0.200001.00000
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(EFSA):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 86, (FGE.86)[1] - Consideration of aliphatic and aromatic amines and amides evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives - Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 45 (FGE.45)[1]: One tertiary amine from chemical group 28
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 86, Revision 1 (FGE.86Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and aromatic amines and amides evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 86, Revision 2 (FGE.86Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and arylalkyl amines and amides evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):102-69-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7616
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:TX1575000 for cas# 102-69-2
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):7616
Pubchem (sid):134971617
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32545
Export Tariff Code:2921.19.1100
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
1-propanamine, N,N-dipropyl-
 propyl di-N-propyl amine
 tri-N-propyl amine
 tripropyl ammonium


Info:aliphatic and aromatic amines and amides derivatives
PubMed:Synthesis, labeling and bioanalytical applications of a tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)-based electrochemiluminescence probe.
PubMed:RuSi@Ru(bpy)3(2+)/Au@Ag2S Nanoparticles Electrochemiluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer System for Sensitive DNA Detection.
PubMed:Nanocomposites: Graphene-Ruthenium(II) Complex Composites for Sensitive ECL Immunosensors (Small 4/2014).
PubMed:Systematic optimization of ion-pairing agents and hexafluoroisopropanol for enhanced electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of oligonucleotides.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence aptasensor based on bipolar electrode for detection of adenosine in cancer cells.
PubMed:Using ruthenium polypyridyl functionalized ZnO mesocrystals and gold nanoparticle dotted graphene composite for biological recognition and electrochemiluminescence biosensing.
PubMed:Modification of indium tin oxide with dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticles to provide enhanced stable electrochemiluminescence of Ru(bpy)3(2+)/tripropylamine while preserving optical transparency of indium tin oxide for sensitive electrochemiluminescence-based analyses.
PubMed:Comparing ion-pairing reagents and sample dissolution solvents for ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis of oligonucleotides.
PubMed:Medical management of a potentially toxic accidental trialkylamine ingestion during spaceflight.
PubMed:Sensitive electrochemiluminescence biosensor based on Au-ITO hybrid bipolar electrode amplification system for cell surface protein detection.
PubMed:Graphene-Ruthenium(II) Complex Composites for Sensitive ECL Immunosensors.
PubMed:Towards the rational design of ionic liquid matrices for secondary ion mass spectrometry: role of the anion.
PubMed:Non-destructive enhancement of latent fingerprints on stainless steel surfaces by electrochemiluminescence.
PubMed:Paper-based solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor using poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) functionalized graphene/nafion composite film.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescent biosensor of ATP using tetrahedron structured DNA and a functional oligonucleotide for Ru(phen)3(2+) intercalation and target identification.
PubMed:A microfluidic electrochemiluminescent device for detecting cancer biomarker proteins.
PubMed:Highly porous magnetite/graphene nanocomposites for a solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor on paper-based chips.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescent lead biosensor based on GR-5 lead-dependent DNAzyme for Ru(phen)3(2+) intercalation and lead recognition.
PubMed:One-step immobilization of Ru(bpy)3(2+) in a silica matrix for the construction of a solid-state electrochemiluminescent sensor with high performance.
PubMed:Synthesis and ECL performance of highly efficient bimetallic ruthenium tris-bipyridyl complexes.
PubMed:Electrochemical sensing based on gold nanoparticle-decorated halloysite nanotube composites.
PubMed:Preparation of Nafion-Ru(bpy)3(2+)-chitosan/gold nanoparticles composite film and its electrochemiluminescence application.
PubMed:Indirect electrochemiluminescence detection of lysine and histidine separated by capillary electrophoresis based on charge displacement.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of four biogenic and three volatile amines in anchovy by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[Construction of electrochemiluminescence system for harmful algae detection].
PubMed:Immobilization of tris(1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium with graphene oxide for electrochemiluminescent analysis.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescent monomers for solid support syntheses of Ru(II)-PNA bioconjugates: multimodal biosensing tools with enhanced duplex stability.
PubMed:A renewable and ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence immunosenor based on magnetic RuL@SiO2-Au~RuL-Ab2 sandwich-type nano-immunocomplexes.
PubMed:Using stannous ion as an excellent inorganic ECL coreactant for tris(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II).
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescent peptide nucleic acid-like monomers containing Ru(II)-dipyridoquinoxaline and Ru(II)-dipyridophenazine complexes.
PubMed:Mono- and dinuclear Ru(II) complexes of 1,4-bis(3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene): synthesis, structure, photophysical properties and electrochemiluminescent determination of diuretic furosemide.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence analysis of folate receptors on cell membrane with on-chip bipolar electrode.
PubMed:Mechanism study on inorganic oxidants induced inhibition of Ru(bpy)₃²+ electrochemiluminescence and its application for sensitive determination of some inorganic oxidants.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence of pure polymer films and polymer blends.
PubMed:Diffusion-controlled luminescence quenching in metal-organic frameworks.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence detection of mercury(II) ions based on DNA probe labeled with ruthenium complex.
PubMed:Electrochemical aptasensor using the tripropylamine oxidation to probe intramolecular displacement between target and complementary nucleotide for protein array.
PubMed:Fabrication of chemiluminescence sensor based on conducting polymer@SiO2/Nafion composite film.
PubMed:Switched ferroelectric plasma ionizer (SwiFerr) for ambient mass spectrometry.
PubMed:High electrochemiluminescence of a new water-soluble iridium(III) complex for determination of antibiotics.
PubMed:A sensitive, non-damaging electrochemiluminescent aptasensor via a low potential approach at DNA-modified gold electrodes.
PubMed:The electrochemiluminescence of ruthenium complex/tripropylamine systems at DNA-modified gold electrodes.
PubMed:DNA sensor by using electrochemiluminescence of acridinium ester initiated by tripropylamine.
PubMed:Rapid and highly sensitive detection of mercury ion (Hg2+) by magnetic beads-based electrochemiluminescence assay.
PubMed:3D nanostructured Ni(OH)2 microspheres as an efficient immobilization matrix of Ru(bpy)3(2+) for high-performance electrochemiluminescence sensor.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Enhanced electrogenerated chemiluminescence of a ruthenium tris(2,2')bipyridyl/tripropylamine system on a boron-doped diamond nanograss array.
PubMed:A novel solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor based on Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) immobilization on TiO(2) nanotube arrays and its application for detection of amines in water.
PubMed:Multi-walled carbon nanotubes and Ru(bpy)3(2+)/nano-Au nano-sphere as efficient matrixes for a novel solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor.
PubMed:Ru(bpy)3(2+)-doped silica nanoparticles labeling for a sandwich-type electrochemiluminescence immunosensor.
PubMed:Thermal dissociation of tripropylamine as the first step in the growth of carbon nanotubes inside AlPO4-5 channels.
PubMed:Tripropyl-ammonium trithio-cyanurate.
PubMed:Chemical modification of Posidonia with cyclic anhydrides: effect on thermal stability.
PubMed:Study of highly efficient bimetallic ruthenium tris-bipyridyl ECL labels for coreactant system.
PubMed:Label-free electrochemiluminescent aptasensor with attomolar mass detection limits based on a Ru(phen)(3)(2+)-double-strand DNA composite film electrode.
PubMed:Intra- and intermolecular interaction ECL study of novel ruthenium tris-bipyridyl complexes with different amine reductants.
PubMed:Interaction of cationic hydrophobic surfactants at negatively charged surfaces investigated by atomic force microscopy.
PubMed:Reductive addition of the benzenethiyl radical to alkynes by amine-mediated single electron transfer reaction to diphenyl disulfide.
PubMed:Novel poly-dopamine adhesive for a halloysite nanotube-Ru(bpy)(3)2+ electrochemiluminescent sensor.
PubMed:A novel tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II)/tripropylamine cathodic electrochemiluminescence in acetonitrile for the indirect determination of hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed:CE with a new electrochemiluminescent detection system for separation and detection of proteins labeled with tris(1,10-phenanthroline) ruthenium(II).
PubMed:Solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor based on the Nafion/poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) composite film.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence from tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)-graphene-Nafion modified electrode.
PubMed:Quenching of the electrochemiluminescence of tris(2,2'-bipyridine)-ruthenium(II) by sodium diphenylamine-4-sulfonate.
PubMed:An electrochemiluminescent detector based on multi-wall-carbon-nanotube/Nafion/Ru(bpy)3(2+) composite film modified heated-electrode.
PubMed:Differential photoluminescent and electrochemiluminescent detection of anions with a modified ruthenium(II)-bipyridyl complex.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence from hydrophilic thin film Ru(bpy)3(2+)-modified electrode prepared using natural halloysite nanotubes and polyacrylamide gel.
PubMed:Solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor through the electrodeposition of Ru(bpy)3(2+)/AuNPs/chitosan composite film onto electrode.
PubMed:Ru(bpy)(3) covalently doped silica nanoparticles as multicenter tunable structures for electrochemiluminescence amplification.
PubMed:A novel technique for NACE coupled with simultaneous electrochemiluminescence and electrochemical detection for fast analysis of tertiary amines.
PubMed:Ultrasensitive detection of TNT in soil, water, using enhanced electrogenerated chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence from Ru(bpy)(3)2+ immobilized in poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate)-poly(vinyl alcohol) composite films.
PubMed:Fabrication of a colorimetric electrochemiluminescence sensor.
PubMed:Electrolytically produced copper(I) chloride on the copper wire as an excellent sorbent for some amines.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of electrochemiluminescent ruthenium(II) complexes containing o-phenanthroline and various alpha-diimine ligands.
PubMed:Electrochemistry and electrochemiluminescence of stable tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) monolayer assembled on benzene sulfonic acid modified glassy carbon electrode.
PubMed:Ruthenium aminophenanthroline metallopolymer films electropolymerized from an ionic liquid: deposition and electrochemical and photonic properties.
PubMed:Polyethyleneimine-functionalized platinum nanoparticles with high electrochemiluminescence activity and their applications to amplified analysis of biomolecules.
PubMed:Measurement of bovine somatotropin (bST) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in bovine milk using an electrochemiluminescent assay.
PubMed:Electrochemistry and electrochemiluminescence of [Ru(II)-tris(bathophenanthroline-disulfonate)]4- in aprotic conditions and aqueous buffers.
PubMed:Sensitive determination of norepinephrine, synephrine, and isoproterenol by capillary electrophoresis with indirect electrochemiluminescence detection.
PubMed:High-density gold nanoparticles supported on a [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+)-doped silica/Fe3O4 nanocomposite: facile preparation, magnetically induced immobilization, and applications in ECL detection.
PubMed:Bis(2,2'-bipyridine)(5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-[1,10]phenanthroline)ruthenium: synthesis and electrochemical and electrochemiluminescence characterization.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence of ruthenium complex immobilized in a highly cross-linked polymer and its analytical applications.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence: an oxidative-reductive mechanism between quinolone antibiotics and tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II).
PubMed:[Ru(bpy)3]2+-doped silica nanoparticles within layer-by-layer biomolecular coatings and their application as a biocompatible electrochemiluminescent tag material.
PubMed:One-step immobilization of tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) via vapor-surface sol-gel deposition towards solid-state electrochemiluminescence detection.
PubMed:Nafion-tris(2-2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) Ultrathin Langmuir-Schaefer films: redox catalysis and electrochemiluminescent properties.
PubMed:Qualitative screening for basic drugs in autopsy liver samples by dual-plate overpressured layer chromatography.
PubMed:Bifunctional nanostructure of magnetic core luminescent shell and its application as solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor material.
PubMed:Silver(I) ions-enhanced electrochemiluminescence of tris(2,2-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II).
PubMed:Enhanced electrochemiluminescence sensor from tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) incorporated into MCM-41 and an ionic liquid-based carbon paste electrode.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence sensor based on partial sulfonation of polystyrene with carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Environmentally friendly and highly sensitive ruthenium(II) tris(2,2'-bipyridyl) electrochemiluminescent system using 2-(dibutylamino)ethanol as co-reactant.
PubMed:Synthesis of PtNPs/AQ/Ru(bpy)3(2+) colloid and its application as a sensitive solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor material.
PubMed:A quantitative electrochemiluminescence assay for Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence sensors using Ru(bpy)3(2+) doped in silica nanoparticles.
PubMed:Adsorption dynamics and electrochemical and photophysical properties of thiolated ruthenium 2,2'-bipyridine monolayers.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence in polyelectrolyte multilayers: efficiency and mechanism.
PubMed:Microfluidic chip with electrochemiluminescence detection using 2-(2-aminoethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidine labeling.
PubMed:Comparative study of ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridine) derivatives for electrochemiluminescence application.
PubMed:Tweezing-adsorptive bubble separation. Analytical method for the selective and high enrichment of metalloenzymes.
PubMed:Determination of tertiary amines based on pH junctions and field amplification in capillary electrophoresis with electrochemiluminescence detection.
PubMed:4-(Dimethylamino)butyric acid labeling for electrochemiluminescence detection of biological substances by increasing sensitivity with gold nanoparticle amplification.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence quenching as an indirect method for detection of dopamine and epinephrine with capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)-zirconia-Nafion composite films applied as solid-state electrochemiluminescence detector for capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from polymer-bound ortho-metallated iridium(III) systems.
PubMed:Flow injection analysis of tetracyclines using inhibited Ru(bpy)3(2+)/tripropylamine electrochemiluminescence system.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 80. C-reactive protein determination at high amplification with [Ru(bpy)3]2+-containing microspheres.
PubMed:Mass spectrometric investigation of noncovalent complexation between a tetratosylated resorcarene and alkyl ammonium ions.
PubMed:Capillary electrophoresis coupled with electrochemiluminescence detection using porous etched joint.
PubMed:Electrochemical and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of clay nanoparticles/Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) multilayer films on ITO electrodes.
PubMed:Rapid and sensitive immunomagnetic-electrochemiluminescent detection of p53 antibodies in human serum.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from R(bpy)3(2+) ion-exchanged in carbon nanotube/perfluorosulfonated ionomer composite films.
PubMed:Development of an ordered array of optoelectrochemical individually readable sensors with submicrometer dimensions: application to remote electrochemiluminescence imaging.
PubMed:Direct voltammetric evidence for a reducing agent generated from the electrochemical oxidation of tripropylamine for electro-chemiluminescence of ruthenium tris(bipyridine) complexes?
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) immobilized in titania-perfluorosulfonated ionomer composite films.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 72. Determination of immobilized DNA and C-reactive protein on Au(111) electrodes using tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) labels.
PubMed:Miniaturized tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) electrochemiluminescence detection cell for capillary electrophoresis and flow injection analysis.
PubMed:A simple and low-cost electrochemiluminescence detector for capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:An enzymatic electrochemiluminescence assay for the lethal factor of anthrax.
PubMed:A multichannel microfluidic sensor that detects anodic redox reactions indirectly using anodic electrogenerated chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Effects of poly(ethylene glycol) tert-octylphenyl ether on tris(2-phenylpyridine)iridium(III)-tripropylamine electrochemiluminescence.
PubMed:Capillary electrophoresis with solid-state electrochemiluminescence detector.
PubMed:New technique for capillary electrophoresis directly coupled with end-column electrochemiluminescence detection.
PubMed:Surfactant chain length effects on the light emission of tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)/ tripropylamine electrogenerated chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 67. Dependence of light emission of the tris(2,2')bipyridylruthenium(II)/tripropylamine system on electrode surface hydrophobicity.
PubMed:Formation of aerosol particles from reactions of secondary and tertiary alkylamines: characterization by aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence of tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) immobilized in poly(p-styrenesulfonate)-silica-Triton X-100 composite thin-films.
PubMed:Evaluation of electrochemiluminescent technology for inhibitors of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor binding.
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence. 66. The role of direct coreactant oxidation in the ruthenium tris(2,2')bipyridyl/tripropylamine system and the effect of halide ions on the emission intensity
PubMed:Electrogenerated chemiluminescence of tris (2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) ion-exchanged in nafion-silica composite films
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence of ruthenium (II) tris(bipyridine) encapsulated in sol-gel glasses
PubMed:Rapid and sensitive immunomagnetic-electrochemiluminescent detection of staphyloccocal enterotoxin B.
PubMed:The effects of nonionic surfactants on the tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)--tripropylamine electrochemiluminescence system.
PubMed:Comparative studies of magnetic particle-based solid phase fluorogenic and electrochemiluminescent immunoassay.
PubMed:Preliminary electrochemiluminescence studies of metal ion-bacterial diazoluminomelanin (DALM) interactions.
PubMed:[Electro chemiluminescence immunoassay].
PubMed:A new non-isotopic detection system for immunoassays.
PubMed:Prevention of neutrophil-mediated injury to endothelial cells by perfluorochemical.
PubMed:Reversed-phase ion-pair chromatography of tetracycline, tetracycline analogs, and their potential impurities.
PubMed:Photoabsorption and ionization cross sections in a seeded CO(2) laser mixture.
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
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