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(Z)-aconitic acid
cis-aconitic acid

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Name:(Z)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
CAS Number: 585-84-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:209-564-4
Nikkaji Web:J37.488A
Beilstein Number:1725829
XlogP3-AA:-1.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:174.10902000
Formula:C6 H6 O6
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1007 Aconitic Acid View - review
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to yellow crystals (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 122.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 542.00 to 543.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 564.00 °F. TCC ( 295.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.140
Shelf Life: 8.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Soluble in:
 water, 1.938e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 4.00E+05 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Similar Items:note
aconitic acid
(E)-aconitic acid
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:none
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. bland
Flavor Type: winey
winey acidic
Taste Description: wine acid
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
cis-Aconitic acid
(Z)-Aconitic Acid
Penta International
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
cis-Aconitic Acid
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
cis-Aconitic acid ≥98%
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 40 - Possible risks of irreversable effects.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Carcinogenicity (Category 2), H351
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H351 - Suspected of causing cancer
Precautionary statement(s)
P201 - Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 - Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P281 - Use personal protective equipment as required.
P308 + P313 - IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
flavoring agents
Recommendation for (Z)-aconitic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for (Z)-aconitic acid flavor usage levels up to:
  25.0000 ppm in the finished product.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):585-84-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :643757
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
(Z)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
 (Z)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):643757
Pubchem (sid):134975772
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00417
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00072
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00630
Export Tariff Code:2917.19.5050
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple fruit
Search PMC Picture
 maple syrup
Search PMC Picture
 passion fruit juice
Search Trop Picture
 soybean root
Search Trop Picture
cis-oxaloacetic acid
cis-aconic acid
cis-aconitic acid
(1Z)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
(Z)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
1,cis-2,3-propene tricarboxylic acid
(1Z)-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
(1Z)-1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
(Z)-1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
cis-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
cis-1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, (1Z)-
1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, (Z)-
1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, cis-
1,cis-2,3-propenetricarboxylic acid
cis-1 2 3-propenetricarboxylic acid


PubMed:The urinary metabolomics profile of an Italian autistic children population and their unaffected siblings.
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PubMed:Biochemistry of microbial itaconic acid production.
PubMed:Metabolic profiling reveals sphingosine-1-phosphate kinase 2 and lyase as key targets of (phyto-) estrogen action in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and not in MCF-12A.
PubMed:Insights on the chemical basis of the astringency of Spanish red wines.
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PubMed:Characterization of taste-active fractions in red wine combining HPLC fractionation, sensory analysis and ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed:Flavonoid glucuronides and a chromone from the aquatic macrophyte Stratiotes aloides.
PubMed:[Metabonomic profiling of plasma metabolites in Wistar rats to study the effect of aging by means of GC/TOFMS-based techniques].
PubMed:A novel monoclonal antibody specific to peptide pdnaelvlltlgqawqg.
PubMed:Biotechnological production of itaconic acid and its biosynthesis in Aspergillus terreus.
PubMed:Abnormal tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolites in isovaleric acidaemia.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of a novel monoclonal antibody specific to human CAD protein.
PubMed:Cloning and functional characterization of the cis-aconitic acid decarboxylase (CAD) gene from Aspergillus terreus.
PubMed:Metabonomic analysis of hepatitis B virus-induced liver failure: identification of potential diagnostic biomarkers by fuzzy support vector machine.
PubMed:Bacillus decisifrondis sp. nov., isolated from soil underlying decaying leaf foliage.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of twenty-one organic acids in food by ion chromatography with eluent autogeneration].
PubMed:Detection of new fumonisin mycotoxins and fumonisin-like compounds by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of cis-aconitic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus terreus TN484-M1.
PubMed:HPMA copolymers with pH-controlled release of doxorubicin: in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo antitumor activity.
PubMed:The methylcitric acid pathway in Ralstonia eutropha: new genes identified involved in propionate metabolism.
PubMed:[The use of liposomal form of phenylimide of cis-aconitic acid in herpes therapy].
PubMed:Lactoferrin. Antiviral activity of lactoferrin.
PubMed:Antiviral effects of milk proteins: acylation results in polyanionic compounds with potent activity against human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 in vitro.
PubMed:Immunotargeting of daunomycin to localized and metastatic human colon adenocarcinoma in athymic mice.
PubMed:Erythrocyte membrane-bound daunorubicin as a delivery system in anticancer treatment.
PubMed:Genetic mapping, distribution, and properties of an aconitase isozyme in Anopheles albimanus (Diptera:Culicidae).
PubMed:[The significance of the cis-aconitic acid for the biological inactivation of the 3,4-benzopyrene cancerogenesis (author's transl)].
PubMed:Transport of tricarboxylic acids in Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed:alpha-Methyl-cis-aconitic acid. Aconitase substrate. II. Substrate properties and aconitase mechanism.
PubMed:Alpha-methyl-cis-aconitic acid, cis-aconitase substrate. I. Synthesis.
PubMed:Isolation of trans-Aconitic Acid from the Moss Mnium affine.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of itaconic acid in Aspergillus terreus. III. The properties and reaction mechanism of cis-aconitic acid decarboxylase.
PubMed:[Colorimetric microdetermination of citric acid and of cis-aconitic acid].
PubMed:The effect of pH on the stability of cis-aconitic acid in dilute solution.
Present in apple fruits, maple syrup and passion fruit juice Aconitic acid is an organic acid. The two isomers are cis-aconitic acid and trans-aconitic acid. The conjugate base of cis-aconitic acid, cis-aconitate is an intermediate in the isomerisation of citrate to isocitrate in the citric acid cycle. It is acted upon by aconitase. (Wikipedia)
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