EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

sebum ovile

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 61789-97-7
Other(deleted CASRN):8022-87-5
ECHA EC Number:263-099-1
Category:food-contact surface of paper and paperboard
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
182.70 Hydrogenated tallow (packaging) View - review
186.1555 Tallow (packaging) View - review
FDA Mainterm (SATF):61789-97-7 ; TALLOW, BEEF
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.

Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers.

Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.70 Substances migrating from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging.
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 2.551e-020 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Flavor Type: fatty
tallow fatty
Taste Description: tallow
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning - emollient
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
ECSA Chemicals
Welch, Holme & Clark
Odor: characteristic
Use: Beef tallow is obtained by rendering beef fat, the resultant product then being bleached, neutralised and deodorised (refined beef tallow). On the other hand, the product of fat that is simply rendered is known as "edible beef tallow". Beef tallow is obtained by means of a dry or wet rendering process. The wet rendering process is more gentle and delivers better yields. With the wet rendering process, offal from slaughterhouses undergoes coarse mechanical pulverising and is then steam-heated to a temperature of at least 90°C, breaking down and sterilising enzymes. Fat is then removed from the tissue. The water-fat mixture is then cooled and the fat (edible beef tallow) is separated. Further chemical-physical stages (bleaching, neutralisation, deodorisation) ultimately deliver a product known as 'refined beef tallow'.
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
food-contact surface of paper and paperboard
Recommendation for tallow usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for tallow flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
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EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):61789-97-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
adeps bovis
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
 adeps bovis
Canada Domestic Sub. List:61789-97-7
Pubchem (sid):135326380
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 found in nature
 adeps bovis
 sebum ovile
beef tallow
 tallow, beef


PubMed:The effect of germination on phenolic content and antioxidant activity of chickpea.
PubMed:Effects of supplemental fat on growth performance and quality of beef from steers fed corn finishing diets.
PubMed:Effects of grain processing and dietary lipid source on performance, carcass characteristics, plasma fatty acids, and sensory properties of steaks from finishing cattle.
PubMed:Descriptive flavor analysis of bacon and pork loin from lean-genotype gilts fed conjugated linoleic acid and supplemental fat.
PubMed:Effects of adding poultry fat in the finishing diet of steers on performance, carcass characteristics, sensory traits, and fatty acid profiles.
PubMed:Flavor preference conditioning as a function of fat source.
PubMed:Effects of supplemental fat on growth performance and quality of beef from steers fed barley-potato product finishing diets: I. Feedlot performance, carcass traits, appearance, water binding, retail storage, and palatability attributes.
PubMed:Effects of spray-dried animal plasma on intake and apparent digestibility in dogs.
PubMed:A new flavor-coated sachet bait for delivering oral rabies vaccine to raccoons and coyotes.
PubMed:Influence of two dietary fats on the composition of emu oil and meat.
PubMed:Milk fat composition of Holstein and Jersey cows with control or depleted copper status and fed whole soybeans or tallow.
PubMed:Effects of dietary alpha-linolenic acid and strain of hen on the fatty acid composition, storage stability, and flavor characteristics of chicken eggs.
PubMed:Effect of fat source in receiving diets and reduced nocturnal temperatures on commingled feeder pig performance.
PubMed:Volatile compound content and fatty acid composition of pork as influenced by linoleic acid content of the diet.
PubMed:Multivariate statistical analysis treatment of DSC thermal properties for animal fat adulteration.
PubMed:Engineering Delftia acidovorans DSM39 to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates from slaughterhouse waste.
PubMed:Two-stage thermal conversion of inedible lipid feedstocks to renewable chemicals and fuels.
PubMed:Caecal environment of rats fed far East Asian-modelled diets.
PubMed:Effect of enzymatic hydrolysis with subsequent mild thermal oxidation of tallow on precursor formation and sensory profiles of beef flavours assessed by partial least squares regression.
PubMed:Fat crystal migration and aggregation and polymorphism evolution during the formation of granular crystals in beef tallow and palm oil.
PubMed:The effect of germination on phenolic content and antioxidant activity of chickpea.
PubMed:Analysis of recycled poly (styrene-co-butadiene) sulfonation: a new approach in solid catalysts for biodiesel production.
PubMed:Effect of ripening, heat processing, and fat type on the micellarization of pigments from jalapeño peppers.
PubMed:Effect of lipid type on growth performance, meat quality and the content of long chain n-3 fatty acids in pork meat.
PubMed:Geophagia in Transkei region of South Africa: case reports.
PubMed:Characterization of oils and fats by 1H NMR and GC/MS fingerprinting: classification, prediction and detection of adulteration.
PubMed:Identification of characteristic flavour precursors from enzymatic hydrolysis-mild thermal oxidation tallow by descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-olfactometry and partial least squares regression.
PubMed:Mapping the regioisomeric distribution of fatty acids in triacylglycerols by hybrid mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Chronic l-arginine treatment improves metabolic, cardiovascular and liver complications in diet-induced obesity in rats.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat on pork eating quality.
PubMed:Improvement in the high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia and adiponectin levels by fish oil feeding combined with food restriction in obese KKAy mice.
PubMed:Caffeine attenuates metabolic syndrome in diet-induced obese rats.
PubMed:Cloning, sequencing, and characterization of lipase genes from a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-synthesizing Pseudomonas resinovorans.
PubMed:Gene expression profile in bone of diabetes-prone BB/OK rats fed a high-fat diet.
PubMed:Level of selected toxic elements in meat, liver, tallow and bone marrow of young semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus L.) from Northern Norway.
PubMed:Quercetin ameliorates cardiovascular, hepatic, and metabolic changes in diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rats.
PubMed:Attachment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to abiotic surfaces of cooking utensils.
PubMed:Level of selected nutrients in meat, liver, tallow and bone marrow from semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer t. tarandus L.).
PubMed:Isolation and lipid degradation profile of Raoultella planticola strain 232-2 capable of efficiently catabolizing edible oils under acidic conditions.
PubMed:Delay of stroke onset by milk proteins in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:Interaction between marginal zinc and high fat supply on lipid metabolism and growth of weanling rats.
PubMed:Level of selected nutrients in meat, liver, tallow and bone marrow from semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer t. tarandus L.).
PubMed:High-fat diets affect energy and bone metabolism in growing rats.
PubMed:Inclusion of blended lipid solutions as functional ingredients to alter the fatty acid profile of beef patties.
PubMed:Authentication of animal fats using direct analysis in real time (DART) ionization-mass spectrometry and chemometric tools.
PubMed:Rutin attenuates metabolic changes, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and cardiovascular remodeling in high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-fed rats.
PubMed:Oils and fats as renewable raw materials in chemistry.
PubMed:γ-Oryzanol recovers mouse hypoadiponectinemia induced by animal fat ingestion.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of lipid composition and thermal, polymorphic, and crystallization behaviors of granular crystals formed in beef tallow and palm oil.
PubMed:Fat source affects growth of weanling rats fed high-fat diets low in zinc.
PubMed:Effects of peach palm oil on performance, serum lipoproteins and haemostasis in broilers.
PubMed:Characterization of graininess formed in all beef tallow-based shortening.
PubMed:Effects of consuming diets containing various fats or citrus flavanones on plasma lipid and urinary F2-isoprostane concentrations in overweight cats.
PubMed:Feeding patterns and dietary intake in a random sample of a Swedish population of insured-dogs.
PubMed:Effects of various fiber additions on lipid digestion during in vitro digestion of beef patties.
PubMed:Fatty acid chain length, postprandial satiety and food intake in lean men.
PubMed:Dietary n-6- or n-3-rich vegetable fats and α-tocopheryl acetate: effects on fatty acid composition and stability of rabbit plasma, liver and meat.
PubMed:Consumption of some polyphenols reduces fecal deoxycholic acid and lithocholic acid, the secondary bile acids of risk factors of colon cancer.
PubMed:Heterapoderopsis bicallosicollis (Coleoptera: Attelabidae): a potential biological control agent for Triadica sebifera.
PubMed:Innovations in the development of healthier chicken sausages formulated with different lipid sources.
PubMed:Detection of non-milk fat in milk fat by gas chromatography and linear discriminant analysis.
PubMed:Phenolic compounds rutin and o-coumaric acid ameliorate obesity induced by high-fat diet in rats.
PubMed:Effects of conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on fatty acid composition in the plasma, liver, and epididymal fat pads of male-Sprague Dawley rats.
PubMed:Influence of different dietary doses of n-3- or n-6-rich vegetable fats and alpha-tocopheryl acetate supplementation on raw and cooked rabbit meat composition and oxidative stability.
PubMed:Effect of feeding high-temperature, microtime-treated diets with different lipid sources on conjugated linoleic acid formation in finishing Hanwoo steers.
PubMed:Effects of abomasal infusion of linseed oil on responses to glucose and insulin in holstein cows.
PubMed:Nateglinide prevents fatty liver through up-regulation of lipid oxidation pathway in Goto-Kakizaki rats on a high-fat diet.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat and zinc supplementation on the iron utilization in growing rats.
PubMed:Fatty acid composition and sensory traits of beef fed palm oil supplements.
PubMed:Conjugated linoleic acid reduces adipose depots without reduction of stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 gene expression.
PubMed:Effects of intravenous triacylglycerol emulsions on lymphocyte responses to mitogens in fasted dairy cows undergoing intense lipomobilization.
PubMed:Metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in poultry: role of dietary lipids.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of emulsan biopolymers from agro-based feedstocks.
PubMed:Effects of various fat sources, alpha-tocopheryl acetate, and ascorbic acid supplements on fatty acid composition and alpha-tocopherol content in raw and vacuum-packed, cooked dark chicken meat.
PubMed:Effect of high stearic acid containing fat on markers for in vivo lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Determination of beef tallow in lard through a multidimensional off-line non-aqueous reversed phase-argentation LC method coupled to mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Decreased red meat fat consumption in New Zealand: 1995-2002.
PubMed:Flavor preference conditioning as a function of fat source.
PubMed:Stimulation of acyl-CoA oxidase by alpha-linolenic acid-rich perilla oil lowers plasma triacylglycerol level in rats.
PubMed:Short communication: rearrangement of rumenic Acid in ruminant fats: a marker of thermal treatment.
PubMed:Quantification of primary fatty acid amides in commercial tallow and tallow fatty acid methyl esters by HPLC-APCI-MS.
PubMed:Beef tallow increases apoptosis and decreases aberrant crypt foci formation relative to soybean oil in rat colon.
PubMed:Effects of concentration and composition of wet corn gluten feed in steam-flaked corn-based finishing diets.
PubMed:Effects of substrate, passage rate, and pH in continuous culture on flows of conjugated linoleic acid and trans C18:1.
PubMed:Effect of red pepper Capsicum annuum var. conoides and garlic Allium sativum on plasma lipid levels and cecal microflora in mice fed beef tallow.
PubMed:Effects of spray-dried animal plasma on intake and apparent digestibility in dogs.
PubMed:Effect of alfalfa forage preservation method and particle length on performance of dairy cows fed corn silage-based diets and tallow.
PubMed:Principles, application areas and an example of risk assessment conducted at the Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research.
PubMed:Role of unsaponifiable fraction on the preference for beef tallow in C57Black/6 mice.
PubMed:A quantitative assessment of the risk of transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy by tallow-based calf milk-replacer.
PubMed:Evaluation of stabilized rice bran as an ingredient in dry extruded dog diets.
PubMed:Influence of corn silage particle length on the performance of lactating dairy cows fed supplemental tallow.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat, on fatty acid composition and sensory properties of dry-cured Parma ham.
PubMed:Dietary supplementation of conjugated linoleic acid reduces colon tumor incidence in DMH-treated rats by increasing apoptosis with modulation of biomarkers.
PubMed:Anti-obesity effect of Dioscorea nipponica Makino with lipase-inhibitory activity in rodents.
PubMed:Cholecystokinin-A receptors are involved in food intake suppression in rats after intake of all fats and carbohydrates tested.
PubMed:Rendering practices and inactivation of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents.
PubMed:Protein nutrition for ruminants in European countries, in the light of animal feeding regulations linked to bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
PubMed:The effects of a high-fat or high-sucrose diet on serum lipid profiles, hepatic acyl-CoA synthetase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I, and the acetyl-CoA carboxylase mRNA levels in rats.
PubMed:Suppression of fatty acid synthase by dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids is mediated by fat itself, not by peroxidative mechanism.
PubMed:Short communication: Postruminal infusion of conjugated linoleic acids negatively impacts milk synthesis in Holstein cows.
PubMed:Cod protein lowers the hepatic triglyceride secretion rate in rats.
PubMed:Toxicity of 19 adjuvants to juvenile Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill sunfish).
PubMed:Interaction between dietary protein and fat in triglyceride metabolism in the rat: effects of soy protein and menhaden oil.
PubMed:A new flavor-coated sachet bait for delivering oral rabies vaccine to raccoons and coyotes.
PubMed:Dietary fat source and cholesterol interactions alter plasma lipids and tissue susceptibility to oxidation in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats.
PubMed:Dietary fat source regulates ob gene expression in white adipose tissue of rats under hyperphagic feeding.
PubMed:Dietary alpha-linolenic acid lowers postprandial lipid levels with increase of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid contents in rat hepatic membrane.
PubMed:Olive oil feeding up-regulates uncoupling protein genes in rat brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle.
PubMed:Effect of wheat content, fat source and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance.
PubMed:Lipoprotein lipase and lipogenic enzyme activities in adipose tissue from rats fed different lipid sources.
PubMed:Effect of mechanical processing and fat removal on the nutritive value of cottonseed for lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Effects of dietary fats on meat quality and sensory characteristics of heavy pig loins.
PubMed:Oxidative stability of dark chicken meat through frozen storage: influence of dietary fat and alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid supplementation.
PubMed:Effects of gamma-irradiated fats on plasma lipid concentrations and hepatic cholesterol metabolism in rats.
PubMed:Regioisomerism of triacylglycerols in lard, tallow, yolk, chicken skin, palm oil, palm olein, palm stearin, and a transesterified blend of palm stearin and coconut oil analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Differential effects of diets that provide different lipid sources on hepatic lipogenic activities in rats under ad libitum or restricted feeding.
PubMed:Effect of dietary lipid source on conjugated linoleic acid concentrations in milk fat.
PubMed:Cholesterol oxidation in frozen dark chicken meat: influence of dietary fat source, and α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid supplementation.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fatty acids on colon tumorigenesis induced by methyl nitrosourea in rats.
PubMed:Energy restriction dilutes the changes related to dietary fat type in membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition in rats.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fatty acids on tumorigenesis of colon cancer induced by methyl nitrosourea in rats.
PubMed:Production of high-oleic acid tallow fractions using lipase-catalyzed directed interesterification, using both batch and continuous processing.
PubMed:The effect of ageing on nutrient digestibility by cats fed beef tallow-, sunflower oil- or olive oil-enriched diets.
PubMed:Cecal environment and TBARS level in mice fed corn oil, beef tallow and menhaden fish oil.
PubMed:The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat and vitamin E supplementation on free radical production and on lipid and protein oxidation in turkey muscle extracts.
PubMed:Intestinal absorption of beta-carotene ingested with a meal rich in sunflower oil or beef tallow: postprandial appearance in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins in women.
PubMed:Screening and production of rhamnolipids by Pseudomonas aeruginosa 47T2 NCIB 40044 from waste frying oils.
PubMed:The eicosapentaenoic to docosahexaenoic acid ratio of diets affects the pathogenesis of arthritis in Lew/SSN rats.
PubMed:Modifications induced by dietary lipid source in adipose tissue phospholipid fatty acids and their consequences in lipid mobilization.
PubMed:The transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents: concerns and responses of United States regulatory agencies in maintaining the safety of biologics.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat and vitamin E on antioxidant status of muscles of turkey.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fats on c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in mouse hypothalamus.
PubMed:Lutein and zeaxanthin concentrations in plasma after dietary supplementation with egg yolk.
PubMed:Higher lipid accumulation in broilers fed on saturated fats than in those fed on unsaturated fats.
PubMed:Fish oil feeding delays influenza virus clearance and impairs production of interferon-gamma and virus-specific immunoglobulin A in the lungs of mice.
PubMed:Effects of feeding combinations of steam-flaked grain sorghum and steam-flaked, high-moisture, or dry-rolled corn on growth performance and carcass characteristics in feedlot cattle.
PubMed:Energy available from corn oil is not different than that from beef tallow in high- or low-fiber diets fed to humans.
PubMed:Interactive effects of increased intake of saturated fat and cholesterol on atherosclerosis in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica).
PubMed:Variations in dietary fat and cholesterol intakes modify antioxidant status of SHR and WKY rats.
PubMed:Comparison of effects of dietary olive oil, tallow and vitamin E on the quality of broiler meat and meat products.
PubMed:[Composition of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids of foods frequently consumed in Argentina].
PubMed:Dietary fat type influences protein consumption in rats given 8-hydroxy-2-(Di-n-propylamino)tetralin.
PubMed:Stimulatory effects of high-fat diets on colon cell proliferation depend on the type of dietary fat and site of the colon.
PubMed:Interactions between dietary fat type and xylanase supplementation when rye-based diets are fed to broiler chickens 2. Performance, nutrient digestibility and the fat-soluble vitamin status of livers.
PubMed:Interactions between dietary fat type and xylanase supplementation when rye-based diets are fed to broiler chickens. 1. Physico-chemical chyme features.
PubMed:Effect of wet corn gluten feed, supplemental protein, and tallow on steer finishing performance.
PubMed:Influence of dietary cholesterol and fat source on atherosclerosis in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica).
PubMed:Effect of rendering procedures on the scrapie agent.
PubMed:Perilla oil prevents the excessive growth of visceral adipose tissue in rats by down-regulating adipocyte differentiation.
PubMed:Effects of heat treatment and physical processing of cottonseed on nutrient digestibility and production performance by lactating cows.
PubMed:Refeeding varying fatty acid and cholesterol diets alters phospholipids in rat intestinal brush border membrane.
PubMed:Acceptance of candidate baits by domestic dogs for delivery of oral rabies vaccines.
PubMed:Effects on nutrient digestion of wheat processing and methods of tallow addition to the diets of lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:The effect of dietary oil containing (n-3) fatty acids on the fatty acid, physicochemical, and organoleptic characteristics of pig meat and fat.
PubMed:Evaluation of wet distillers composite for finishing ruminants.
PubMed:Disposal of rendered specified offal.
PubMed:Susceptibility to hepatic oxidative stress in rabbits fed different animal and plant fats.
PubMed:Changes in body composition and adipocyte cellularity of male broilers subjected to varying degrees of early-life feed restriction.
PubMed:Brain neutral lipids and phospholipids are modified by long-term feeding of beef tallow vs. corn oil diets.
PubMed:Effect of butter compared with tallow consumption on postprandial oxidation of myristic and palmitic acids.
PubMed:Effect of adding fat and(or) milk products to the weanling pig diet on performance in the nursery and subsequent grow-finish stages.
PubMed:Influence of grain type, tallow level, and tallow feeding system on feedlot cattle performance.
PubMed:Menhaden oil feeding increases potential for renal free radical production in BHE/cdb rats.
PubMed:Animal and plant fats selectively modulate oxidizability of rabbit LDL and LDL-mediated disruption of endothelial barrier function.
PubMed:Differential fatty acid accretion in heart, liver and adipose tissues of rats fed beef tallow, fish oil, olive oil and safflower oils at three levels of energy intake.
PubMed:Corn oil and beef tallow elicit different postprandial responses in triglycerides and cholesterol, but similar changes in constituents of high-density lipoprotein.
PubMed:Influence of supplemental dietary fat on changes in vitamin E concentration in livers of poults.
PubMed:Beef tallow, but not corn bran or soybean polysaccharide, reduces large intestinal and fecal bile acid concentrations in rats.
PubMed:Effects of dietary fat on food intake and brain uptake and oxidation of fatty acids.
PubMed:Detection of milk fat adulteration by linear discriminant analysis of fatty acid data.
PubMed:Dietary energy source and density: effects of roughage source, roughage equivalent, tallow level, and steer type on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics.
PubMed:Vagotomy and mercaptoacetate influence the effect of dietary fat on macronutrient selection by rats.
PubMed:Effect of different dietary supplemental fats and oils on the tissue fatty acid composition and growth of female broilers.
PubMed:Hypercholesterolemic effect of dietary cholesterol in diets enriched in polyunsaturated and saturated fat. Dietary cholesterol, fat saturation, and plasma lipids.
PubMed:Dietary fat quantity and composition alter colon cell kinetics in growing rats.
PubMed:Dietary fatty acid composition influences energy accretion in rats.
PubMed:Growth of three fungi on poultry fat or beef tallow.
PubMed:Delayed effects of early nutrition with cholesterol plus saturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids on intestinal morphology and transport function in the rat.
PubMed:Effects of supplementing growing steers with high levels of partially hydrogenated tallow on feed intake, digestibility, live weight gain, and carcass characteristics.
PubMed:Selective disruption of endothelial barrier function in culture by pure fatty acids and fatty acids derived from animal and plant fats.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat quantity and composition on insulin binding to rat intestine.
PubMed:Antilisterial activity of pediocin AcH in model food systems in the presence of an emulsifier or encapsulated within liposomes.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fat and aging on adipose tissue cellularity in mice differing in genetic predisposition to obesity.
PubMed:Effects of vitamin E and fat supplementation on concentration of vitamin E in plasma and milk of sows and in plasma of piglets.
PubMed:Vitamin E and fat supplementation of sows and the effect on tissue vitamin E concentrations in their progeny.
PubMed:Effects of dietary vitamin E and fat on some serum enzymes in pigs.
PubMed:Fish oil modifies effect of high cholesterol diet on intestinal absorption in diabetic rats.
PubMed:Gender and dietary fat affect alpha-tocopherol status in F344/N rats.
PubMed:The effect of dietary fat on diet selection may involve central serotonin.
PubMed:Effect of dietary cholestyramine on the elimination pattern of ochratoxin A in rats.
PubMed:Volatile compound content and fatty acid composition of pork as influenced by linoleic acid content of the diet.
PubMed:Barley diets with different fat sources have hypocholesterolemic effects in chicks.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat and α-tocopherol supplementation on lipid oxidation in pork.
PubMed:Postprandial lipoprotein composition in pigs fed diets differing in type and amount of dietary fat.
PubMed:In vivo determination of triglyceride secretion using radioactive glycerol in rats fed different dietary saturated fats.
PubMed:Prostaglandin synthesis and fatty acid composition of phospholipids and triglycerides in skeletal muscle of chicks fed combinations of flaxseed oil and animal tallow.
PubMed:Dietary fiber sources lower blood cholesterol in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed:Reassessment of trans fatty acid availability in the US diet.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fat on growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 human breast carcinomas in athymic nude mice: relationship between carcinoma growth and lipid peroxidation product levels.
PubMed:Effect of source and level of supplemental fat on total and ruminal organic matter and nitrogen digestion in dairy cows.
PubMed:Effect of maternal fasting on fetal and placental lipid metabolism in swine.
PubMed:The relationship between thromboxane and cytosolic calcium modifiers in rat platelets.
PubMed:Body weight and longevity in genetically obese and non-obese mice fed fat-modified diets.
PubMed:Macronutrient selection in rats: effect of fat type and level.
PubMed:Promotion of colonic microadenoma growth in mice and rats fed cooked sugar or cooked casein and fat.
PubMed:Modulation of CD4 expression on lymphoma cells transplanted to mice fed (n - 3) polyunsaturated fatty acids.
PubMed:Effect of various triglycerides on plasma cholecystokinin levels in rats.
PubMed:Lipid metabolism of liquid-associated and solid-adherent bacteria in rumen contents of dairy cows offered lipid-supplemented diets.
PubMed:Sites of digestion in beef steers fed bermudagrass hay and supplemented with high-nitrogen feeds alone or mixed with tallow.
PubMed:Protein and carbohydrate selection respond to changes in dietary saturated fatty acids but not to changes in essential fatty acids.
PubMed:Effects of dietary fatty acid composition on macronutrient selection and synaptosomal fatty acid composition in rats.
PubMed:The acute oral toxicity and primary ocular and dermal irritation of selected N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidones.
PubMed:Effects of chronic administration of benfluorex to rats on the metabolism of corticosterone, glucose, triacylglycerols, glycerol and fatty acid.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fish oil supplementation on eicosanoid production by rat renal allografts.
PubMed:The influence of dietary low and high unsaturated fats and cholesterol on the fatty acid pattern of serum and aortic cholesteryl esters and the lipid deposits of pig aorta.
PubMed:Interactions between fats of differing chemical content: apparent availability of fatty acids.
PubMed:Interactions between fats of differing chemical content: apparent metabolisable energy values and apparent fat availability.
PubMed:Autoxidation of cholesterol in tallows heated under deep frying conditions: evaluation of oxysterols by GLC and TLC-FID.
PubMed:Lack of oestrogen-like activity in commercially refined vegetable oils.
PubMed:Nutritional significance of different fat sources for growing broilers.
PubMed:Fate of sodium pentobarbital in rendered products.
PubMed:[Quantitative analysis of auto-oxidation products of cholesterol in food of animal origin].
PubMed:Olfactory behavior of red flour beetleTribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) towards natural fatty acid esters.
PubMed:Dietary fibers and supplementary iron in a milk replacer for veal calves.
PubMed:Further factors influencing N-nitrosamine formation in bacon.
PubMed:Influence of dietary status on liver palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase, peroxisomal enzymes, CoASH and long-chain acyl-CoA in rats.
PubMed:Effect of fat retention on the rachitogenic effect of rye fed to broiler chicks.
PubMed:Fat-supplemented diet protects against activity-stress ulcers in rats.
PubMed:Digestive lipolysis in the preruminant calf. The abomasal hydrolysis of butter oil, coconut oil, palm oil and tallow.
PubMed:Nutrient balance of lactating sows fed supplemental tallow.
PubMed:Effects of concentrates with beef tallow on food intake and milk production of cows fed grass silage.
PubMed:[Effect on energy and nitrogen balances of replacing part of the tallow in a milk replacer for preruminant calves by tricaproin or coconut oil: effect of previous feeding level].
PubMed:Trans unsaturated fatty acids in natural products and processed foods.
PubMed:True metabolizable energy of fats at low level dietary inclusion.
PubMed:Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat.
PubMed:Neonatal diarrhoea in calves given milk-substitutes differing in fat source and fed by different procedures.
PubMed:Comparative studies of adaptive responses of fatty acid synthetase activities in rat liver and adipose tissue.
PubMed:Body lipids of guinea pigs exposed to different dietary fats from mid-gestation to 3 months of age. IV. Effect of food restriction at 3 months on the distribution and cellularity of adipose tissue.
PubMed:Digestibility and associative effects of protected tallow.
PubMed:[Qualitative aspects of intestinal digestion of soybean cake carbohydrates in the preruminant calf].
PubMed:The use of mutton tallow fat in fish sausages.
PubMed:The metabolism of beef tallow sucrose esters in rat and man.
PubMed:Relationship of level and type of dietary fat to fetal and maternal rat lipogenesis and lipid deposition.
PubMed:An oil fraction from edible beef tallow as a constituent of whey-soy drink mix.
PubMed:Effect of fat supplementation on voluntary food intake and rumen metabolism in sheep.
PubMed:Influence of fat level and type of carbohydrate on the capacity of pectin in lowering serum and liver lipids of young rats.
PubMed:Artificial rearing of pigs. 5. The effect of different proportions of beef tallow or soya-bean oil and dried skim milk in the diet on growth, feed utilization, apparent digestibility and carcass compostion.
PubMed:Influence of low ambient temperature and dietary lipids on adipose tissue and plasma fatty acid composition of the Japanese quail.
PubMed:The involvement of dietary fat and vitamins, stress, litter and starvation on the incidence of the fatty liver and kidney syndrome in chicks.
PubMed:Intensive beef production from sorghum grain. The effects of quality of roughage, supplementation with tallow and minerals and level of dietary nitrogen.
PubMed:Effects of interesterification and fatty acid supplementation on the digestibility of tallow in milk replacers for calves.
tsca definition 2008: an animal fat. contains primarily glycerides of c16-18 fatty acids.
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