wormwood
artemisia absinthium herb
 
Notes:
None found
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Name: artemisia absinthium l.
FDA internal no.: 977052-73-5 
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 3114  wormwood
FDA Mainterm: ARTEMISIA (ARTEMISIA SPP.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: medium
 wormwood  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
wormwood
 wormwood  
Taste Description:
wormwood
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
Bristol Botanicals
Wormwood Artemisia absinthium
Bristol Botanicals
Wormwood powder Artemisia absinthium
Liberty Natural Products
WORMWOOD HERB C/S HUNGARY
Mountain Valley Growers
Artemisia absinthium Wormwood
Whole Herb
Wormwood Herb
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
Recommendation for wormwood usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): -360.00000
beverages(alcoholic): -5.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Outcome of the consultation with Member States and EFSA on the basic substance application for Artemisia absinthium for use in plant protection as fungicide in wheat and as nematicide and insecticide in vegetables
View page or View pdf
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 artemisia absinthium l.
Chemidplus: 0977052735
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References:
 artemisia absinthium l.
Pubchem (sid): 135327823
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status: View
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 wormwood
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 artemisia absinthium herb
 wormwood herb
 wormwood herb german
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Articles:
PubMed: Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris: a comparative study of infusion polysaccharides.
PubMed: Chemical characterization by GC-MS and in vitro activity against Candida albicans of volatile fractions prepared from Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia abrotanum, Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris.
PubMed: Antiparasitic efficacy of Artemisia absinthium, toltrazuril and amprolium against intestinal coccidiosis in goats.
PubMed: Thidiazuron-Induced Changes in Biomass Parameters, Total Phenolic Content, and Antioxidant Activity in Callus Cultures of Artemisia absinthium L.
PubMed: Morphogenic and biochemical variations under different spectral lights in callus cultures of Artemisia absinthium L.
PubMed: Date of birth and hay fever risk in children and adolescents of Kazakhstan.
PubMed: Antimicrobial Activity of Artemisia absinthium Against Surgical Wounds Infected by Staphylococcus aureus in a Rat Model.
PubMed: Acaricidal activity of extract of Artemisia absinthium against Rhipicephalus sanguineus of dogs.
PubMed: Systematic review: the efficacy of herbal therapy in inflammatory bowel disease.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of herbal remedy PERVIVO and anti-inflammatory drug sulindac on L-1 sarcoma tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis in Balb/c mice.
PubMed: [History of absinthe].
PubMed: Optimisation of ultrasonic-assisted extraction of antioxidant compounds from Artemisia absinthium using response surface methodology.
PubMed: The peculiarities of different types of chronic rhinitis in children and adolescents in Kazakhstan.
PubMed: Gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to interaction of Artemisia absinthium with warfarin.
PubMed: Antioxidative/acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of some Asteraceae plants.
PubMed: Volatile composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium growing in Western Ghats region of North West Karnataka, India.
PubMed: Reversal of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury by aqueous extract of Artemisia absinthium in Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Viper venom induced inflammation with Montivipera xanthina (Gray, 1849) and the anti-snake venom activities of Artemisia absinthium L. in rat.
PubMed: Comparative functional analysis of CYP71AV1 natural variants reveals an important residue for the successive oxidation of amorpha-4,11-diene.
PubMed: [Artemisia absinthium L. in complex treatment of inflammatory periodontal disease].
PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant and cytoprotective activities of Arnica montana L. and Artemisia absinthium L. ethanolic extracts.
PubMed: The intergenic spacer region of the rDNA in Haplopappus gracilis (Nutt.) Gray.
PubMed: [Enterobiasis in pediatric subjects in north-western Italy: a study of home remedies].
PubMed: Cytotoxic effect of some medicinal plants from Asteraceae family on J-45.01 leukemic cell line--pilot study.
PubMed: Anyone for an aperitif? Yes, but only a Braulio DOC with its certified proteome.
PubMed: Artemisia absinthium (AA): a novel potential complementary and alternative medicine for breast cancer.
PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant and free-radical scavenging potential of Artemisia absinthium.
PubMed: The choice of thujone as drug for diabetes.
PubMed: Antimalarial activity of three Pakistani medicinal plants.
PubMed: In vitro antioxidant and radical-scavenging capacities of Citrullus colocynthes (L) and Artemisia absinthium extracts using promethazine hydrochloride radical cation and contemporary assays.
PubMed: Evaluation of effects of Zingiber officinale on salivation in rats.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial activity of Romanian medicinal plants hydroalcoholic extracts on planktonic and adhered cells.
PubMed: Phytotherapy in medieval Serbian medicine according to the pharmacological manuscripts of the Chilandar Medical Codex (15-16th centuries).
PubMed: Antiparasitic efficiency of Artemisia absinthium on Toxocara cati in naturally infected cats.
PubMed: In vitro trematocidal effects of crude alcoholic extracts of Artemisia annua, A. absinthium, Asimina triloba, and Fumaria officinalis: trematocidal plant alcoholic extracts.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and efflux pump inhibitory activity of caffeoylquinic acids from Artemisia absinthium against gram-positive pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed: In vitro evaluation of antileishmanial activity and toxicity of essential oils of Artemisia absinthium and Echinops kebericho.
PubMed: Investigations into the antiadhesive activity of herbal extracts against Campylobacter jejuni.
PubMed: The quality of selected South African and international homoeopathic mother tinctures.
PubMed: Effects of artemisinin and Artemisia extracts on Haemonchus contortus in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus).
PubMed: Carolus Linnaeus, the ash, worm-wood and other anti-malarial plants.
PubMed: Analysis of Sesquiterpene Lactones, Lignans, and Flavonoids in Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)-Mass Spectrometry, Reversed Phase HPLC, and HPLC-Solid Phase Extraction-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.
PubMed: Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) for poorly responsive early-stage IgA nephropathy: a pilot uncontrolled trial.
PubMed: [Effect of plant polysaccharides on TH1-dependent immune response: screening investigation].
PubMed: In vivo hepatoprotective activity of the aqueous extract of Artemisia absinthium L. against chemically and immunologically induced liver injuries in mice.
PubMed: Effect of feeding bioactive forages on infection and subsequent development of Haemonchus contortus in lamb faeces.
PubMed: Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.)--a curious plant with both neurotoxic and neuroprotective properties?
PubMed: In vitro antiplasmodial and phytochemical study of five Artemisia species from Iran and in vivo activity of two species.
PubMed: Neuroprotective effect of Artemisia absinthium L. on focal ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of some Artemisia species extract.
PubMed: Nematicidal activity of essential oils and volatiles derived from Portuguese aromatic flora against the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.
PubMed: Effect of plants used in Mexico to treat gastrointestinal disorders on charcoal-gum acacia-induced hyperperistalsis in rats.
PubMed: Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) suppresses tumour necrosis factor alpha and accelerates healing in patients with Crohn's disease - A controlled clinical trial.
PubMed: Analysis of essential oils of Artemisia absinthium L. from Lithuania by CC, GC(RI), GC-MS and 13C NMR.
PubMed: Volatile components of four Ethiopian Artemisia species extracts and their in vitro antitrypanosomal and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed: Role of the polypeptide backbone and post-translational modifications in cross-reactivity of Art v 1, the major mugwort pollen allergen.
PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of extracts of Artemisia absinthium against ovine nematodes.
PubMed: In vitro anti-microbial activity of the Cuban medicinal plants Simarouba glauca DC, Melaleuca leucadendron L and Artemisia absinthium L.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium growing wild in Iran.
PubMed: Linkage of 35S and 5S rRNA genes in Artemisia (family Asteraceae): first evidence from angiosperms.
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia essential oils.
PubMed: Investigation on bioavailability of some essential and toxic elements in medicinal herbs.
PubMed: Prophylactic effects of Wormwood on lipid peroxidation in an animal model of lead intoxication.
PubMed: Comparison of the effects of Artemisia vulgaris and Artemisia absinthium growing in western Anatolia against trichinellosis (Trichinella spiralis) in rats.
PubMed: Tropical American plants in the treatment of infectious diseases.
PubMed: Role of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) extract on oxidative stress in ameliorating lead induced haematotoxicity.
PubMed: Absinthe and tobacco--a new look at an old problem? (Comment on: Absinthe--is its history relevant for current public health?).
PubMed: Influence of aqueous crude extracts of medicinal plants on the osmotic stability of human erythrocytes.
PubMed: Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for reproductive problems.
PubMed: Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).
PubMed: Steroid-sparing effect of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) in Crohn's disease: a double-blind placebo-controlled study.
PubMed: Absinthe--a review.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oils of serbian wild-growing Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris.
PubMed: Absinthe: la fée vert.
PubMed: Absinthism: a fictitious 19th century syndrome with present impact.
PubMed: Genome size variation in the Artemisia arborescens complex (Asteraceae, Anthemideae) and its cultivars.
PubMed: Evaluation of extracts and oils of tick-repellent plants from Sweden.
PubMed: Determination of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus and of the antifungal and antibacterial activities of Turkish Artemisia absinthium, A. dracunculus, Artemisia santonicum, and Artemisia spicigera essential oils.
PubMed: Thujone--cause of absinthism?
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition and antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from three Turkish artemisia species.
PubMed: Traditional phytotherapy in Central Italy (Marche, Abruzzo, and Latium).
PubMed: Tetramethoxy hydroxyflavone p7F downregulates inflammatory mediators via the inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB.
PubMed: Total synthesis of absinthin.
PubMed: Traditional medicine in Sakarya province (Turkey) and antimicrobial activities of selected species.
PubMed: [Bitter healing power].
PubMed: Search for constituents with neurotrophic factor-potentiating activity from the medicinal plants of paraguay and Thailand.
PubMed: [Polyclonal antisera to birch pollen allergen for the air allergen screening].
PubMed: Thirteen-week repeated dose toxicity study of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) extract in rats.
PubMed: Puccinia tanaceti: specialist or generalist?
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium from Croatia and France.
PubMed: [Absinthe and the artistic creativeness].
PubMed: Absinthe: enjoying a new popularity among young people?
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of extracts from some edible plants commonly consumed in Asia.
PubMed: Ethnophysiology and herbal treatments of intestinal worms in Dominica, West Indies.
PubMed: Comparative study of the assay of Artemia salina L. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (LD50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.
PubMed: Acaricidal properties of Artemisia absinthium and Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae) essential oils obtained by three methods of extraction.
PubMed: CNS acetylcholine receptor activity in European medicinal plants traditionally used to improve failing memory.
PubMed: Traditional antihelmintic, antiparasitic and repellent uses of plants in Central Italy.
PubMed: Thujone exhibits low affinity for cannabinoid receptors but fails to evoke cannabimimetic responses.
PubMed: Phytotherapy in functional upper abdominal complaints Results of a clinical study with a preparation of several plants.
PubMed: Multicentre evaluation of Capture Assay Radim Liquid Allergen for measurement of specific IgE antibodies.
PubMed: Preventive and curative effects of Artemisia absinthium on acetaminophen and CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity.
PubMed: A bioassay for inhibition of serotonin release from bovine platelets.
PubMed: Extracts of Artemisia abrotanum and Artemisia absinthium inhibit growth of Naegleria fowleri in vitro.
PubMed: Screening of Artemisia absinthium for antimalarial effects on Plasmodium berghei in mice: a preliminary report.
PubMed: Vincent van Gogh and the thujone connection.
PubMed: Chemical Characteristics of the Oil from Artemisia absinthium Collected in Patagony (Argentina).
PubMed: 24zeta-Ethylcholesta-7,22-Dien-3beta-ol: A Possibly Antipyretic Constituent of Artemisia absinthium.
PubMed: [Biochemical study of pollens of the genus Artemisia].
PubMed: Antipyretic studies on some indigenous Pakistani medicinal plants.
PubMed: Isolation and Identification of a Senescence-promoting Substance from Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.).
PubMed: [Development of allergic reactivity to Artemesia pollen during combined sensitization to pollen and microbes].
PubMed: [Studies on the effects of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) on bile and pancreatic juice secretion in man].
PubMed: [Chemical varieties of Artemisia absinthium L., compositae].
PubMed: [Pharmacognostic examination of the prochamazulenogen containing plants Achillea millefolium L. and Artemisia absinthium L].
PubMed: [Comments on the work of G. Schenk and N.E. Schuster, Bitter principles of Artemisia absinthium].
PubMed: [The bitter principles of Artemisia absinthium].
PubMed: [Artemisia absinthium L., the true wormwood].
PubMed: Case of Poisoning by Oil of Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium).
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