EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

menhaden oil
fixed oil obtained from the small north atlantic fish, menhaden (brevoortia tyrannis)

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Name:brevoortia tyrannis oil
CAS Number: 8002-50-4
ECHA EC Number:232-311-4
Category:special dietary and nutritional additives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 16 Menhaden oil View - notice PDF
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8002-50-4 ; MENHADEN OIL
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1472 Menhaden oil.
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow to white liquid to solid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Saponification Value:180.00 to 200.00
Soluble in:
 water, 1.619e-020 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless to mild fishy
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning - emollient
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Charkit Chemical
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Fish oil from menhaden
crude source of omega-3 fatty acids
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
special dietary and nutritional additives
Recommendation for menhaden oil usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for menhaden oil flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8002-50-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
brevoortia tyrannis oil
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
 brevoortia tyrannis oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8002-50-4
Pubchem (sid):135278561
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 brevoortia tyrannis
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 brevoortia oil
 brevoortia tyrannis oil
 fixed oil obtained from the small north atlantic fish, menhaden (brevoortia tyrannis)
 menhaden fish oil
 menhaden oil


PubMed:Effects of xanthan-locust bean gum mixtures on the physicochemical properties and oxidative stability of whey protein stabilised oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Effect of cross-linking of interfacial sodium caseinate by natural processing on the oxidative stability of oil-in-water (o/w) emulsions.
PubMed:Acidolysis of p-coumaric acid with omega-3 oils and antioxidant activity of phenolipid products in in vitro and biological model systems.
PubMed:Maternal diet influences offspring feeding behavior and fearfulness in the precocial chicken.
PubMed:Separation of the fatty acids in menhaden oil as methyl esters with a highly polar ionic liquid gas chromatographic column and identification by time of flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of fatty acids in marine fish and shellfish from warm water of Straits of Malacca for nutraceutical purposes.
PubMed:Effect of thermal behavior of β-lactoglobulin on the oxidative stability of menhaden oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:The protective effect of menhaden oil in the oxidative damage and renal necrosis due to dietary choline deficiency.
PubMed:Microencapsulation of menhaden fish oil containing soluble rice bran fiber using spray drying technology.
PubMed:Chemical properties of surimi seafood nutrified with ω-3 rich oils.
PubMed:Characterization of lipids and antioxidant capacity of novel nutraceutical egg products developed with omega-3-rich oils.
PubMed:Effect of enzymatic randomization on positional distribution and stability of seal blubber and menhaden oils.
PubMed:Safety evaluation of Algal Oil from Schizochytrium sp.
PubMed:Effect of spray nozzle design on fish oil-whey protein microcapsule properties.
PubMed:Dietary omega-3 fatty acids (fish oils) have limited effects on boar semen stored at 17 °C or cryopreserved.
PubMed:Effect of chemical randomization on positional distribution and stability of omega-3 oil triacylglycerols.
PubMed:Physical properties and oxidation rates of unrefined menhaden oil (Brevoortia patronus).
PubMed:Rheology and oxidative stability of whey protein isolate-stabilized menhaden oil-in-water emulsions as a function of heat treatment.
PubMed:Effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids (fish oils) on boar reproduction and semen quality.
PubMed:Role of continuous phase anionic polysaccharides on the oxidative stability of menhaden oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Fish oil diets do not improve insulin sensitivity and secretion in healthy adult male pigs.
PubMed:Persistent organic pollutants in fish oil supplements on the canadian market: polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed:Reduction of hepatocellular injury after common bile duct ligation using omega-3 fatty acids.
PubMed:Physical and oxidative stability of fish oil-in-water emulsions stabilized with beta-lactoglobulin and pectin.
PubMed:Comparison of soybean oils, gum, and defatted soy flour extract in stabilizing menhaden oil during heating.
PubMed:Ability of surface-active antioxidants to inhibit lipid oxidation in oil-in-water emulsion.
PubMed:Oregano and rosemary extracts inhibit oxidation of long-chain n-3 fatty acids in menhaden oil.
PubMed:Soy isoflavones and fatty acids: effects on bone tissue postovariectomy in mice.
PubMed:Lipid oxidation in a menhaden oil-in-water emulsion stabilized by sodium caseinate cross-linked with transglutaminase.
PubMed:Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids regulate bovine whole-body protein metabolism by promoting muscle insulin signalling to the Akt-mTOR-S6K1 pathway and insulin sensitivity.
PubMed:Human milk fat substitutes containing omega-3 fatty acids.
PubMed:Effect of high stearic acid containing fat on markers for in vivo lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of cysteine, tryptophan, and methionine residues in continuous phase beta-lactoglobulin in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:The relationship between the physicochemical properties of antioxidants and their ability to inhibit lipid oxidation in bulk oil and oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Stability of omega-3 fatty acids in fortified surimi seafoods during chilled storage.
PubMed:Characterization of the antioxidant activity of sugars and polyhydric alcohols in fish oil emulsions.
PubMed:Role of continuous phase protein on the oxidative stability of fish oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:[Lecithin essay in the diet of young Penaeus vannamei (Crustacea: Decapoda)].
PubMed:Effects of high fat fish oil and high fat corn oil diets on initiation of AOM-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in male F344 rats.
PubMed:The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids, including conjugated linoleic acid, on calcium absorption and bone metabolism and composition in young growing rats.
PubMed:Microencapsulation and oxidative stability of spray-dried fish oil emulsions.
PubMed:Biomechanical bone strength and bone mass in young male and female rats fed a fish oil diet.
PubMed:Long-term supplementation of various dietary lipids alters bone mineral content, mechanical properties and histological characteristics of Japanese quail.
PubMed:Cod protein lowers the hepatic triglyceride secretion rate in rats.
PubMed:Menhaden oil inhibited gamma-glutamyltransferase-positive altered hepatic foci in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed:Dietary fats differentially modulate the expression of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase, apoprotein-A1 and scavenger receptor b1 in rats.
PubMed:Metal-catalyzed oxidation of a structured lipid model emulsion.
PubMed:Dietary conjugated linoleic acid with fish oil alters yolk n-3 and trans fatty acid content and volatile compounds in raw, cooked, and irradiated eggs.
PubMed:Added triacylglycerols do not hasten hemoglobin-mediated lipid oxidation in washed minced cod muscle.
PubMed:Interaction between dietary protein and fat in triglyceride metabolism in the rat: effects of soy protein and menhaden oil.
PubMed:Dietary fat source and cholesterol interactions alter plasma lipids and tissue susceptibility to oxidation in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats.
PubMed:Effect of emulsifier on oxidation properties of fish oil-based structured lipid emulsions.
PubMed:Dietary fish oil suppresses experimental immunoglobulin a nephropathy in mice.
PubMed:Subchronic toxicity of fish oil concentrates in male and female rats.
PubMed:Ornithine decarboxylase and thymidine kinase activities and polyamine levels from selected organs of adult miniature swine receiving three concentrations of dietary menhaden oil.
PubMed:The effect of different dietary fats on gastrin levels in the pyloric antrum and plasma of weaner and adult Wistar rats.
PubMed:Free radical production in aortic rings from rats fed a fish oil-rich diet.
PubMed:Dietary ratio of (n-6)/(n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids alters the fatty acid composition of bone compartments and biomarkers of bone formation in rats.
PubMed:Cecal environment and TBARS level in mice fed corn oil, beef tallow and menhaden fish oil.
PubMed:Dietary conjugated linoleic acids alter serum IGF-I and IGF binding protein concentrations and reduce bone formation in rats fed (n-6) or (n-3) fatty acids.
PubMed:Variations in dietary fat and cholesterol intakes modify antioxidant status of SHR and WKY rats.
PubMed:Decrease of manganese superoxide dismutase activity in rats fed high levels of iron during colon carcinogenesis.
PubMed:Lack of protective effect of menhaden oil supplementation on rat liver steatosis induced by a carbohydrate-rich diet.
PubMed:High-fat diets and stress responsivity.
PubMed:Conjugated linoleic acids alter bone fatty acid composition and reduce ex vivo prostaglandin E2 biosynthesis in rats fed n-6 or n-3 fatty acids.
PubMed:Polyunsaturated fatty acid inhibition of fatty acid synthase transcription is independent of PPAR activation.
PubMed:Diets enriched in menhaden fish oil, seal oil, or shark liver oil have distinct effects on the lipid and fatty-acid composition of guinea pig heart.
PubMed:Comparison of n-3 fatty acid sources in laying hen rations for improvement of whole egg nutritional quality: a review.
PubMed:Dietary lipids modulate bone prostaglandin E2 production, insulin-like growth factor-I concentration and formation rate in chicks.
PubMed:Dietary marine algae promotes efficient deposition of n-3 fatty acids for the production of enriched shell eggs.
PubMed:Dietary (n-3) and (n-6) polyunsaturates and acetylsalicylic acid alter ex vivo PGE2 biosynthesis, tissue IGF-I levels, and bone morphometry in chicks.
PubMed:Menhaden oil feeding increases potential for renal free radical production in BHE/cdb rats.
PubMed:Effect of N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplemented diet on neutrophil-mediated ileal permeability and neutrophil function in the rat.
PubMed:Role of dietary lipids on fetal tissue fatty acid composition and fetal survival in swine at 42 days of gestation.
PubMed:Dietary modulation of DNA adduct formation of the food mutagen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline in the male Fischer 344 rat.
PubMed:The absorption and effect of dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on serum leukotriene B4 in patients with cystic fibrosis.
PubMed:Dietary lipids modify the fatty acid composition of cartilage, isolated chondrocytes and matrix vesicles.
PubMed:Detrimental effects of an omega-3 fatty acid-enriched diet on wound healing.
PubMed:Effects of dietary menhaden oil on DNA adducts of the food mutagen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) in Fischer-344 rats.
PubMed:Dietary fish oil inhibits human breast carcinoma growth: a function of increased lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Effect of varying proportions of dietary menhaden and corn oil on experimental rat mammary tumor promotion.
PubMed:The effect of different dietary fats on gastrin levels in the pyloric antrum and plasma of weaner and adult Wistar rats.
PubMed:Changes in plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids in patients fed enteral formulas containing different fats.
PubMed:Menhaden, coconut, and corn oils and mammary tumor incidence in BALB/c virgin female mice treated with DMBA.
PubMed:Application of the 32P-postlabelling assay to the inhibition of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ)-DNA adduct formation by dietary fatty acids.
PubMed:Lipid peroxidation products are elevated in fish oil diets even in the presence of added antioxidants.
PubMed:Effect of different dietary triglycerides on liver fatty acids and prostaglandin synthesis by mouse peritoneal cells.
PubMed:A study of the composition of fish liver and body oil triglycerides.
PubMed:Response of (n-3) and (n-6) fatty acids in piglet brain, liver and plasma to increasing, but low, fish oil supplementation of formula.
PubMed:Metabolic effects of coconut, safflower, or menhaden oil feeding in lean and obese Zucker rats.
PubMed:Effect of dietary fat on growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 human breast carcinomas in athymic nude mice: relationship between carcinoma growth and lipid peroxidation product levels.
PubMed:The effect of dietary lipid on skin tumor promotion by benzoyl peroxide: comparison of fish, coconut and corn oil.
PubMed:The effect of various dietary fats on skin tumor initiation.
PubMed:Effect of dietary alpha-linolenic acid on growth, metastasis, fatty acid profile and prostaglandin production of two murine mammary adenocarcinomas.
PubMed:Eicosanoid synthesis and ornithine decarboxylase activity in mammary tumors of rats fed varying levels and types of N-3 and/or N-6 fatty acids.
PubMed:Lack of a protective effect of menhaden oil on skin tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.
PubMed:Effect of dietary menhaden oil and vitamin E on in vivo lipid peroxidation induced by iron.
PubMed:Lipid peroxidation in rat tissue slices: effect of dietary vitamin E, corn oil-lard and menhaden oil.
PubMed:Recovery of fish oil-derived fatty acids in lymph of thoracic duct-cannulated Wistar rats.
PubMed:Effect of dietary lipids and vitamin E on in vitro lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney homogenates.
PubMed:Modification of retinyl acetate toxicity in rats by coadministration of menhaden oil.
PubMed:Effects of D,L-2-difluoromethylornithine and indomethacin on mammary tumor promotion in rats fed high n-3 and/or n-6 fat diets.
PubMed:Attenuation of the febrile response in guinea pigs by fish oil enriched diets.
PubMed:Ca2+-Mg2+ ATPase of mouse cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum is affected by membrane n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content.
PubMed:Disparate effects of dietary fatty acids on activity of 5'-nucleotidase of rat liver plasma membrane.
PubMed:Rapid autoxidation of fish oil in diets without added antioxidants.
PubMed:Modulation of zymosan stimulated leukotriene release by dietary unsaturated fatty acids.
PubMed:Digestion, absorption and effects on cholesterol absorption of menhaden oil, fish oil concentrate and corn oil by rats.
PubMed:Omega-3 fatty acids inhibiting the growth of a transplantable rat mammary adenocarcinoma.
PubMed:Assay for lipolytic and proteolytic activity using marine substrates.
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it consists primarily of the glycerides of c14-c18 and c16-c22 unsatd. fatty acids. (brevoortia tyrannis).
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