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garcinia mangostana distillates
garcinia mangostana distillates

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CAS Number: 90045-25-3
FDA UNII: Search
Category:flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number:4757 mangosteen distillate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Flavor Type: fruity
fruity sulfurous ripe fruit overripe fruit
Taste Description: fruity sulfurous ripe
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Mangosteen (Whole) Distillate
Odor: Mangosteen Tangy Juicy
F&F Projects
Flavour & Fragrance Consultancy
Analytical and Development Services to the Flavour and Fragrance Industry.
Penta International
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
flavoring agents
Recommendation for garcinia mangostana distillates usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 26
Click here to view publication 26
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): 20.00000100.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 20.00000100.00000
breakfast cereal: 20.00000100.00000
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: 10.0000060.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 40.00000200.00000
fruit ices: 20.00000100.00000
gelatins / puddings: 40.00000200.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 20.00000100.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 500.000004000.00000
snack foods: 20.00000100.00000
soft candy: 20.00000100.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: 20.00000100.00000
Safety References:
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
Pubchem (cas):90045-25-3
Other Information:
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
For Flavor
passion fruit distillates
methyl thioacetate
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 mangosteen purple mangosteen
Search Trop Picture
 mangosteen (whole) distillate natural
 mangosteen distillate


PubMed:Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Mangostenone F in Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated RAW264.7 Macrophages by Suppressing NF-κB and MAPK Activation.
PubMed:Mangostanaxanthones I and II, new xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Cellular trafficking and anticancer activity of Garcinia mangostana extract-encapsulated polymeric nanoparticles.
PubMed:Metabolite footprinting of Plasmodium falciparum following exposure to Garcinia mangostana Linn. crude extract.
PubMed:Inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion of B16-F10 melanoma cells by α-mangostin.
PubMed:α-Mangostin suppresses human gastric adenocarcinoma cells in vitro via blockade of Stat3 signaling pathway.
PubMed:In vitro antiplasmodial activity of benzophenones and xanthones from edible fruits of Garcinia species.
PubMed:Stacking of a stearoyl-ACP thioesterase with a dual-silenced palmitoyl-ACP thioesterase and ∆12 fatty acid desaturase in transgenic soybean.
PubMed:Two new chemical constituents from the stem bark of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Neuroprotective effects of xanthone derivative of Garcinia mangostana against lead-induced acetylcholinesterase dysfunction and cognitive impairment.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetic characterization of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) fruit extract standardized to α-mangostin in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed:Immune Regulation and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Isogarcinol Extracted from Garcinia mangostana L. against Collagen-Induced Arthritis.
PubMed:Anti-angiogenic actions of the mangosteen polyphenolic xanthone derivative α-mangostin.
PubMed:Synthesis of xanthone derivatives based on α-mangostin and their biological evaluation for anti-cancer agents.
PubMed:A new furanoxanthone from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:8-hydroxycudraxanthone G suppresses IL-8 production in SP-C1 tongue cancer cells.
PubMed:Comparison of the biological activity of two different isolates from mangosteen.
PubMed:β Mangostin suppress LPS-induced inflammatory response in RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro and carrageenan-induced peritonitis in vivo.
PubMed:A new xanthone from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Cytotoxic prenylated xanthones from the pericarps of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Rapid identification of cholinesterase inhibitors from the seedcases of mangosteen using an enzyme affinity assay.
PubMed:Histopathological changes in tissues of Bithynia siamensis goniomphalos incubated in crude extracts of camellia seed and mangosteen pericarp.
PubMed:Comparison of the skin penetration of Garcinia mangostana extract in particulate and non-particulate form.
PubMed:γ-Mangostin from Garcinia mangostana pericarps as a dual agonist that activates Both PPARα and PPARδ.
PubMed:α-Mangostin: A Dietary Antioxidant Derived from the Pericarp of Garcinia mangostana L. Inhibits Pancreatic Tumor Growth in Xenograft Mouse Model.
PubMed:Phytochemicals content, antioxidant activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibition properties of indigenous Garcinia parvifolia fruit.
PubMed:Immunomodulatory activities of alpha-mangostin on peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
PubMed:A concise and efficient total synthesis of α-mangostin and β-mangostin from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Suppressive effect of mangosteen rind extract on the spontaneous development of atopic dermatitis in NC/Tnd mice.
PubMed:Phytochemical, antimicrobial and antiprotozoal evaluation of Garcinia mangostana pericarp and α-mangostin, its major xanthone derivative.
PubMed:Biological activities and bioavailability of mangosteen xanthones: a critical review of the current evidence.
PubMed:Antitumour and free radical scavenging effects of γ-mangostin isolated from Garcinia mangostana pericarps against hepatocellular carcinoma cell.
PubMed:Antileptospiral activity of xanthones from Garcinia mangostana and synergy of gamma-mangostin with penicillin G.
PubMed:α-Mangostin suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced invasion by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 and increasing E-cadherin expression through extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling in pancreatic cancer cells.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of α-mangostin on mammalian DNA polymerase, topoisomerase, and human cancer cell proliferation.
PubMed:Polyphenols from the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) fruit for breast and prostate cancer.
PubMed:Optimized extraction and characterization of antimicrobial phenolic compounds from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) cultivation and processing waste.
PubMed:Isogarcinol is a new immunosuppressant.
PubMed:Efficacy and tolerability of a novel herbal formulation for weight management.
PubMed:Efficacy and tolerability of an herbal formulation for weight management.
PubMed:Inhibition of autophagy augments the anticancer activity of α-mangostin in chronic myeloid leukemia cells.
PubMed:Combating Helicobacter pylori infections with mucoadhesive nanoparticles loaded with Garcinia mangostana extract.
PubMed:The effect of gartanin, a naturally occurring xanthone in mangosteen juice, on the mTOR pathway, autophagy, apoptosis, and the growth of human urinary bladder cancer cell lines.
PubMed:Electrospun chitosan-based nanofiber mats loaded with Garcinia mangostana extracts.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetic properties of pure xanthones in comparison to a mangosteen fruit extract in rats.
PubMed:Distribution of major xanthones in the pericarp, aril, and yellow gum of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana linn.) fruit and their contribution to antioxidative activity.
PubMed:α-Mangostin: anti-inflammatory activity and metabolism by human cells.
PubMed:Chemical genetic screen in fission yeast reveals roles for vacuolar acidification, mitochondrial fission, and cellular GMP levels in lifespan extension.
PubMed:Selective removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by adsorption on mangosteen peel.
PubMed:α-Mangostin Reduced ER Stress-mediated Tumor Growth through Autophagy Activation.
PubMed:Thai herbal formulas used for wound treatment: a study of their antibacterial potency, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxicity effects.
PubMed:Antimalarial activities of medicinal plants and herbal formulations used in Thai traditional medicine.
PubMed:[Optimize technique of extracting alpha-mangostin from pericarp of Garcinia mangostana by supersonic wave using central composite design-response surface methodology].
PubMed:Alpha-mangostin induces changes in glutathione levels associated with glutathione peroxidase activity in rat brain synaptosomes.
PubMed:Single dose oral pharmacokinetic profile of α-mangostin in mice.
PubMed:Inhibition of human aldose reductase-like protein (AKR1B10) by α- and γ-mangostins, major components of pericarps of mangosteen.
PubMed:New "hyphenated" CPC-HPLC-DAD-MS strategy for simultaneous isolation, analysis and identification of phytochemicals: application to xanthones from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Fruit pod extracts as a source of nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.
PubMed:Significant anti-invasive activities of α-mangostin from the mangosteen pericarp on two human skin cancer cell lines.
PubMed:Rapid bactericidal action of alpha-mangostin against MRSA as an outcome of membrane targeting.
PubMed:Mangosteen xanthones mitigate ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation in a mouse model of asthma.
PubMed:Ask the doctor. I've seen advertisements for mangosteen juice claiming it has lots of antioxidants and health benefits, including anticancer effects. Is there any truth to this?
PubMed:Application of NIR spectroscopy for the quality control of mangosteen pericarp powder: quantitative analysis of alpha-mangostin in mangosteen pericarp powder and capsule.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo anti-colon cancer effects of Garcinia mangostana xanthones extract.
PubMed:Inflammation-related disorders in the tryptophan catabolite pathway in depression and somatization.
PubMed:Inhibition effects of mangosenone F from Garcinia mangostana on melanin formation in B16F10 cells.
PubMed:Gamma-mangostin, a micronutrient of mangosteen fruit, induces apoptosis in human colon cancer cells.
PubMed:Anti-skin cancer properties of phenolic-rich extract from the pericarp of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.).
PubMed:In vivo toxicity and antitumor activity of mangosteen extract.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of extracts from five medicinal plants and their formula against bacteria that cause chronic wound infection.
PubMed:Alterations in cell cycle and induction of apoptotic cell death in breast cancer cells treated with α-mangostin extracted from mangosteen pericarp.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of xanthones from Garcinia mangostana (L.) and their structure-activity relationship studies.
PubMed:Science in liquid dietary supplement promotion: the misleading case of mangosteen juice.
PubMed:α-Mangostin induces apoptosis and suppresses differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells via inhibiting fatty acid synthase.
PubMed:Xanthones in mangosteen juice are absorbed and partially conjugated by healthy adults.
PubMed:Benzophenone synthase from Garcinia mangostana L. pericarps.
PubMed:Anti-angiogenic effect of α-mangostin.
PubMed:Microbial population in the rumen of swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) as influenced by coconut oil and mangosteen peel supplementation.
PubMed:Antiproliferative effect of α-mangostin on canine osteosarcoma cells.
PubMed:Xanthones as antioxidants: a theoretical study on the thermodynamics and kinetics of the single electron transfer mechanism.
PubMed:Anthelminthic properties of mangostin and mangostin diacetate.
PubMed:α-Mangostin, a xanthone from mangosteen fruit, promotes cell cycle arrest in prostate cancer and decreases xenograft tumor growth.
PubMed:Mangosteen leaf extract increases melanogenesis in B16F1 melanoma cells by stimulating tyrosinase activity in vitro and by up-regulating tyrosinase gene expression.
PubMed:Biological activity and stability of mangosteen as a potential natural color.
PubMed:Protective effect of α-mangostin on cardiac reperfusion damage by attenuation of oxidative stress.
PubMed:Antifibrotic constituents from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Free radical scavenger properties of α-mangostin: thermodynamics and kinetics of HAT and RAF mechanisms.
PubMed:Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
PubMed:Combined microwave-assisted extraction and high-speed counter-current chromatography for separation and purification of xanthones from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Xanthones from mangosteen extracts as natural chemopreventive agents: potential anticancer drugs.
PubMed:α-Glucosidase inhibition and antihyperglycemic activity of prenylated xanthones from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:[Study on ultraviolet-screening effect of extracts from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.) pericarp].
PubMed:Two new xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Cytotoxic effect of xanthones from pericarp of the tropical fruit mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.) on human melanoma cells.
PubMed:α-Mangostin extracted from the pericarp of the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn) reduces tumor growth and lymph node metastasis in an immunocompetent xenograft model of metastatic mammary cancer carrying a p53 mutation.
PubMed:Comparative effect of Lactobacillus casei and a commercial mangosteen dietary supplement on body weight gain and antibody response to Newcastle disease virus vaccine in fighting roosters.
PubMed:α-Mangostin induces apoptosis in human chondrosarcoma cells through downregulation of ERK/JNK and Akt signaling pathway.
PubMed:γ-Mangostin increases serotonin 2A/2C, muscarinic, histamine and bradykinin receptor mRNA expression.
PubMed:Microbial metabolism of α-mangostin isolated from Garcinia mangostana L.
PubMed:Antimicrobial actions of α-mangostin against oral streptococci.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics of α-mangostin in rats after intravenous and oral application.
PubMed:Inhibition of chemiluminescence and chemotactic activity of phagocytes in vitro by the extracts of selected medicinal plants.
PubMed:Apoptotic effects of γ-mangostin from the fruit hull of Garcinia mangostana on human malignant glioma cells.
PubMed:Doxorubicin-induced central nervous system toxicity and protection by xanthone derivative of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:A new antioxidant xanthone from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana Linn.
PubMed:Xanthone constituents of the fruits of Garcinia mangostana with anticomplement activity.
PubMed:Fatty acid synthase inhibitors of phenolic constituents isolated from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:The classical drug discovery approach to defining bioactive constituents of botanicals.
PubMed:Effect of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) extracts as a feed additive on growth and hematological parameters of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings.
PubMed:Xanthones with neuraminidase inhibitory activity from the seedcases of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Free radical scavenging and anti-acne activities of mangosteen fruit rind extracts prepared by different extraction methods.
PubMed:Antioxidant, free radical-scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of different solvent extracts and their phenolic constituents from the fruit hull of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
PubMed:Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Co(II) from aqueous solution using Garcinia mangostana L. fruit shell.
PubMed:Use of asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica aqueous extract as a bath treatment to control columnaris in Nile tilapia.
PubMed:Anti-acne-inducing bacterial activity of mangosteen fruit rind extracts.
PubMed:Enhanced growth of lactobacilli in soymilk upon immobilization on agrowastes.
PubMed:Molecular diversity of fungal endophytes isolated from Garcinia mangostana and Garcinia parvifolia.
PubMed:Assessment of antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity of selected Malaysian plants.
PubMed:Protective effect of mangosteen extract against beta-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and altered proteome in SK-N-SH cells.
PubMed:Xanthones from mangosteen inhibit inflammation in human macrophages and in human adipocytes exposed to macrophage-conditioned media.
PubMed:Two new prenylated xanthones and a new prenylated tetrahydroxanthone from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Potential of xanthones from tropical fruit mangosteen as anti-cancer agents: caspase-dependent apoptosis induction in vitro and in mice.
PubMed:New medicinal properties of mangostins: analgesic activity and pharmacological characterization of active ingredients from the fruit hull of Garcinia mangostana L.
PubMed:Evaluation of Mangosteen juice blend on biomarkers of inflammation in obese subjects: a pilot, dose finding study.
PubMed:Cytotoxic xanthone constituents of the stem bark of Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen).
PubMed:Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of a xanthone-rich Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) product in humans.
PubMed:Mitigation of mitochondrial dysfunction and regulation of eNOS expression during experimental myocardial necrosis by alpha-mangostin, a xanthonic derivative from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Activity of mangosteen xanthones and teleocidin a-2 in death receptor expression enhancement and tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand assays.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of alpha-mangostin against Candida albicans.
PubMed:Effect of a mangosteen dietary supplement on human immune function: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
PubMed:Systematic analysis of in vitro photo-cytotoxic activity in extracts from terrestrial plants in Peninsula Malaysia for photodynamic therapy.
PubMed:Panaxanthone isolated from pericarp of Garcinia mangostana L. suppresses tumor growth and metastasis of a mouse model of mammary cancer.
PubMed:In vitro inhibition of multiple cytochrome P450 isoforms by xanthone derivatives from mangosteen extract.
PubMed:Comparison of bioactive compounds content, free radical scavenging and anti-acne inducing bacteria activities of extracts from the mangosteen fruit rind at two stages of maturity.
PubMed:Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
PubMed:Bioaccessibility, biotransformation, and transport of alpha-mangostin from Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen) using simulated digestion and Caco-2 human intestinal cells.
PubMed:Xanthones from mangosteen prevent lipopolysaccharide-mediated inflammation and insulin resistance in primary cultures of human adipocytes.
PubMed:Anti-cancer effects of xanthones from pericarps of mangosteen.
PubMed:A MYB transcription factor regulates anthocyanin biosynthesis in mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) fruit during ripening.
PubMed:Validation of LC for the determination of alpha-mangostin in mangosteen peel extract: a tool for quality assessment of Garcinia mangostana L.
PubMed:Topical application of Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp gel as an adjunct to periodontal treatment.
PubMed:Alpha-mangostin suppresses PC-3 human prostate carcinoma cell metastasis by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 and urokinase-plasminogen expression through the JNK signaling pathway.
PubMed:Garcinia mangostana L.: a phytochemical and pharmacological review.
PubMed:Centrifugal partition chromatography directly interfaced with mass spectrometry for the fast screening and fractionation of major xanthones in Garcina mangostana.
PubMed:Effects of compounds from Garcinia mangostana on inflammatory mediators in RAW264.7 macrophage cells.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of Thai medicinal plants against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Pichia garciniae sp. nov., isolated from a rotten mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana L., Clusiaceae).
PubMed:Thin-layer chromatography-densitometric analysis of alpha-mangostin content in Garcinia mangostana fruit rind extracts.
PubMed:Structural Characterization, Biological Effects, and Synthetic Studies on Xanthones from Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), a Popular Botanical Dietary Supplement.
PubMed:Field suppression of the invasive ant Wasmannia auropunctata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a tropical fruit orchard in Hawaii.
PubMed:Medicinal properties of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
PubMed:Xanthones from the botanical dietary supplement mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) with aromatase inhibitory activity.
PubMed:Electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol) fiber mats as carriers for extracts from the fruit hull of mangosteen.
PubMed:Garcinia mangostana: a source of potential anti-cancer lead compounds against CEM-SS cell line.
PubMed:Severe lactic acidosis associated with juice of the mangosteen fruit Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Ameliorative prospective of alpha-mangostin, a xanthone derivative from Garcinia mangostana against beta-adrenergic cathecolamine-induced myocardial toxicity and anomalous cardiac TNF-alpha and COX-2 expressions in rats.
PubMed:Effects of alpha-mangostin from mangosteen pericarp extract and imidacloprid on Nilaparvata lugens (Stal.) and non-target organisms: toxicity and detoxification mechanism.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of xanthones isolated from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana L. on rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cell degranulation.
PubMed:Berry fruits: compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and disease.
PubMed:Evaluating the efficacy in improving facial photodamage with a mixture of topical antioxidants.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory activity of mangostins from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Cardioprotective effect of alpha-mangostin, a xanthone derivative from mangosteen on tissue defense system against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
PubMed:Xanthones with quinone reductase-inducing activity from the fruits of Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen).
PubMed:Assay-guided fractionation study of alpha-amylase inhibitors from Garcinia mangostana pericarp.
PubMed:Oligomeric proanthocyanidins from mangosteen pericarps.
PubMed:Effect of Garcinia mangostana on inflammation caused by Propionibacterium acnes.
PubMed:HPLC analysis of selected xanthones in mangosteen fruit.
PubMed:Comparative study of health properties and nutritional value of durian, mangosteen, and snake fruit: experiments in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Characterized mechanism of alpha-mangostin-induced cell death: caspase-independent apoptosis with release of endonuclease-G from mitochondria and increased miR-143 expression in human colorectal cancer DLD-1 cells.
PubMed:The novel botanical insecticide for the control brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal.).
PubMed:Effects of herbal mouthwash containing the pericarp extract of Garcinia mangostana L on halitosis, plaque and papillary bleeding index.
PubMed:Quantitative and qualitative determination of six xanthones in Garcinia mangostana L. by LC-PDA and LC-ESI-MS.
PubMed:Xanthones from Garcinia mangostana (Guttiferae).
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity in cultures of endophytic fungi isolated from Garcinia species.
PubMed:Prenylated xanthones as potential antiplasmodial substances.
PubMed:Mangosteen for the cancer patient: facts and myths.
PubMed:Antioxidative and neuroprotective activities of extracts from the fruit hull of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.).
PubMed:What are the facts and myths about mangosteen?
PubMed:Antioxidant xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen).
PubMed:Cytotoxic prenylated xanthones from the young fruit of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Xanthones and benzophenones from Garcinia griffithii and Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Antimicrobial effects of Thai medicinal plants against acne-inducing bacteria.
PubMed:Activity of medicinal plant extracts against hospital isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of alpha-mangostin against vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE) and synergism with antibiotics.
PubMed:A geranylated biphenyl derivative from Garcinia malvgostana.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of crude alpha-mangostin, a xanthone derivative, on two different categories of colon preneoplastic lesions induced by 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine in the rat.
PubMed:gamma-Mangostin inhibits inhibitor-kappaB kinase activity and decreases lipopolysaccharide-induced cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression in C6 rat glioma cells.
PubMed:Antiproliferative activity of Thai medicinal plant extracts on human breast adenocarcinoma cell line.
PubMed:Alpha-mangostin induces Ca2+-ATPase-dependent apoptosis via mitochondrial pathway in PC12 cells.
PubMed:Antiproliferation, antioxidation and induction of apoptosis by Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) on SKBR3 human breast cancer cell line.
PubMed:Induction of apoptosis by xanthones from mangosteen in human leukemia cell lines.
PubMed:Antimycobacterial activity of prenylated xanthones from the fruits of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Garcinone E, a xanthone derivative, has potent cytotoxic effect against hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines.
PubMed:Inhibitions of histamine release and prostaglandin E2 synthesis by mangosteen, a Thai medicinal plant.
PubMed:Xanthones from the heartwood of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Xanthones from the green fruit hulls of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Sigmoid colon perforation by ingested Sandorica seed.
PubMed:Inhibition of cyclooxygenase and prostaglandin E2 synthesis by gamma-mangostin, a xanthone derivative in mangosteen, in C6 rat glioma cells.
PubMed:Three xanthones and a benzophenone from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Two novel xanthones from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Improved stearate phenotype in transgenic canola expressing a modified acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase.
PubMed:Characterization of acyl-ACP thioesterases of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) seed and high levels of stearate production in transgenic canola.
PubMed:Effect of gamma-mangostin through the inhibition of 5-hydroxy-tryptamine2A receptors in 5-fluoro-alpha-methyltryptamine-induced head-twitch responses of mice.
PubMed:[Novel types of receptor antagonists from the medicinal plant Garcinia mangostana].
PubMed:Gamma-mangostin, a novel type of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor antagonist.
PubMed:Immunopharmacological activity of polysaccharide from the pericarb of mangosteen garcinia: phagocytic intracellular killing activities.
PubMed:Evaluation of the antifungal activity of natural xanthones from Garcinia mangostana and their synthetic derivatives.
PubMed:Histaminergic and serotonergic receptor blocking substances from the medicinal plant Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of xanthones from guttiferaeous plants against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:The mode of inhibitory action of alpha-mangostin, a novel inhibitor, on the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-pumping ATPase from rabbit skeletal muscle.
PubMed:Active constituents against HIV-1 protease from Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Mangostin inhibits the oxidative modification of human low density lipoprotein.
PubMed:Influence of irradiance on photosynthesis, morphology and growth of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) seedlings.
PubMed:Gas exchange characteristics of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) leaves.
PubMed:Inhibition of wheat embryo calcium-dependent protein kinase and other kinases by mangostin and gamma-mangostin.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activities of Garcinia mangostana.
PubMed:Effect of mangostin, a xanthone from Garcinia mangostana Linn. in immunopathological & inflammatory reactions.
PubMed:Pharmacological profile of mangostin and its derivatives.
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