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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
known in France as Absolue de Gui. It is prepared by the usual two step extraction from the leaves and twigs of Viscum Album, a parasitic plant, quite common in central and southern Europe. It grows on various trees, particularly on apple trees, poplars, willows, etc. a plant species of the family viscaceae, order santalales, subclass rosidae. this is the traditional mistletoe of literature and christmas. members contain viscotoxin (5 kda basic polypeptides related to thionins), beta-galactoside- and n-acetyl-d-galactosamine-specific lectin ii (60 kda), and polysaccharides. mistletoe lectin i is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein. commercial extracts include plenosol, eurixor, helixor isorel, iscador, and nsc 635089 (antineoplastic agents, phytogenic).