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palm kernel oil
oil obtained from the seeds of the palmoil tree, elaeis guineensis, palmaceae

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Name:elaeis guineensis kernel oil
CAS Number: 8023-79-8
ECHA EC Number:232-425-4
FDA UNII: B0S90M0233
Category:edible fats and oils
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 1.141e-011 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning - emollient
Flavor: characteristic
Confections, coatings.
Augustus Oils
Palm Nut Fixed Oil
Azelis UK
Organic Palm Kernel Oil Deodorised Philippines
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Palm kernel oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Palm kernel oil is commonly used as a seasoning.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Palm kernel oil, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Palm kernel oil is a lauric type similar to coconut oil and produces hard soaps that lather well in all kinds of water. Soaps made with palm kernel oil are white, very hard, and lather beautifully; 10-30% is plenty when combined with other vegetable oils. This small percentage also keeps the final bars from developing an odor characteristic of the palm kernel oil. Like coconut oil, palm kernel can have a drying effect when used in excess, yet is moisturizing when used in moderation.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Palm red, butter/oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Red Palm Butter: Some may call this a butter, others an oil. Its state fluctuates from solid to partially solid to fully liquid depending on the ambient temperature. This is an orange/red palm oil/butter made from the fruit of Elaeis guineensis. It is edible, wildcrafted and will provide color and emollient qualities to your toiletries. This product contains lots of natural vitamins and antioxidants, its high content of carotenoids gives the oil/butter its beautiful orange/red color. May also be used as is on the skin and hair. This oil has its own particular, faint, pleasant aroma.
Cargill, Inc.
Encore® 100 palm kernel oil (Natural)
H. Erhard Wagner
Lipo Chemicals
Lipovol® PAL
Odor: characteristic
Use: Lipovol PAL is the refined and deodorized triglyceride oil obtained from the fruit of palm. Primary fatty acids of the triglycerides are palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. Lipovol PAL leaves a lubricious feel on the skin.
Palm Kernel Oil - Refined
Penta International
Palm Oil Fractionated (Fixed Oil)
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
edible fats and oils
Recommendation for palm kernel oil usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for palm kernel oil flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8023-79-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
elaeis guineensis kernel oil
 elaeis guineensis kernel oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8023-79-8
Pubchem (sid):135289215
Other Information:
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
Export Tariff Code:1513.21.0000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 elaeis guineensis
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 elaeis guineensis kernel oil
 encore 100 palm kernel oil (natural)
 lipovol PAL
 oil obtained from the seeds of the palmoil tree, elaeis guineensis, palmaceae
 palm kernel oil
novalipid palm kernel oil
 palm kernel oil philippines organic
 palm nut oil
 palm oil tree kernel oil
 regal HB 84 palm kernel oil (natural)


PubMed:Effect of Preservation Methods of Oil Palm Sap (Elaeis guineensis) on the Reproductive Indices of Male Wistar Rats.
PubMed:Integrated Syntenic and Phylogenomic Analyses Reveal an Ancient Genome Duplication in Monocots.
PubMed:Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review.
PubMed:Improved cryopreservation of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) polyembryoids using droplet vitrification approach and assessment of genetic fidelity.
PubMed:Analysis of multiple transcriptomes of the African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) to identify reference genes for RT-qPCR.
PubMed:Efficient transformation of oil palm protoplasts by PEG-mediated transfection and DNA microinjection.
PubMed:Genetic architecture of palm oil fatty acid composition in cultivated oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) compared to its wild relative E. oleifera (H.B.K) Cortés.
PubMed:Variability and performance evaluation of introgressed Nigerian dura x Deli dura oil palm progenies.
PubMed:Three-dimensional (3D) structure prediction of the American and African oil-palms β-ketoacyl-[ACP] synthase-II protein by comparative modelling.
PubMed:Insights from computational analysis of full-length β-ketoacyl-[ACP] synthase-II cDNA isolated from American and African oil palms.
PubMed:Proteomic identification of differentially expressed proteins during the acquisition of somatic embryogenesis in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:DNA methylation and expression of the EgDEF1 gene and neighboring retrotransposons in mantled somaclonal variants of oil palm.
PubMed:Analyses of hypomethylated oil palm gene space.
PubMed:Induction and characterization of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) pro-embryogenic masses.
PubMed:Antioxidant and pro-oxidant effects of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) leaves extract in experimental diabetic nephropathy: a duration-dependent outcome.
PubMed:The oil palm SHELL gene controls oil yield and encodes a homologue of SEEDSTICK.
PubMed:Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds.
PubMed:Protein profiling and histone deacetylation activities in somaclonal variants of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Biochemical and physiological responses of oil palm to bud rot caused by Phytophthora palmivora.
PubMed:Expression profiles of putative defence-related proteins in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) colonized by Ganoderma boninense.
PubMed:Comparative transcriptome analysis of three oil palm fruit and seed tissues that differ in oil content and fatty acid composition.
PubMed:Protective Effects of Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and/or Red Palm Oil (Elaeis guineensis) Supplementation on tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Oxidative Hepatotoxicity in Wistar Rats.
PubMed:Biochemical characterisation during seed development of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Efficacy and safety of Elaeis guineensis and Ficus deltoidea leaf extracts in adults with pre-diabetes.
PubMed:Effect of source/sink ratios on yield components, growth dynamics and structural characteristics of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) bunches.
PubMed:Transcriptome analysis of normal and mantled developing oil palm flower and fruit.
PubMed:Oil palm phenolics confer neuroprotective effects involving cognitive and motor functions in mice.
PubMed:Spectroscopic determination of metals in palm oils from different stages of the technological process.
PubMed:Identification of QTLs associated with callogenesis and embryogenesis in oil palm using genetic linkage maps improved with SSR markers.
PubMed:Breaking-off tissue specific activity of the oil palm metallothionein-like gene promoter in T(1) seedlings of tomato exposed to metal ions.
PubMed:Simultaneous extraction of oil and antioxidant compounds from oil palm fruit (Elaeis guineensis) by an aqueous enzymatic process.
PubMed:Chronic Administration of Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Leaves Extract Attenuates Hyperglycaemic-Induced Oxidative Stress and Improves Renal Histopathology and Function in Experimental Diabetes.
PubMed:Comparative analysis on the effect of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) in reducing cadmium and lead accumulation in liver of Wistar rats.
PubMed:Variations in genomic DNA methylation during the long-term in vitro proliferation of oil palm embryogenic suspension cultures.
PubMed:Lipase activity, mesocarp oil content, and iodine value in oil palm fruits of Elaeis guineensis, Elaeis oleifera, and the interspecific hybrid O×G (E. oleifera × E. guineensis).
PubMed:Characterization of apigenin and luteolin derivatives from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) leaf using LC-ESI-MS/MS.
PubMed:Stability analysis of oil yield in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) progenies in different environments.
PubMed:Overexpression of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) TAPETUM DEVELOPMENT1-like Eg707 in rice affects cell division and differentiation and reduces fertility.
PubMed:Sequence analysis and gene expression of putative oil palm chitinase and chitinase-like proteins in response to colonization of Ganoderma boninense and Trichoderma harzianum.
PubMed:Cognitive enhancement and neuroprotection by catechin-rich oil palm leaf extract supplement.
PubMed:mRNA expression of EgCHI1, EgCHI2, and EgCHI3 in oil palm leaves (Elaeis guineesis Jacq.) after treatment with Ganoderma boninense pat. and Trichoderma harzianum Rifai.
PubMed:Sequence analysis and gene expression of putative exo- and endo-glucanases from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) during fungal infection.
PubMed:EgRBP42 encoding an hnRNP-like RNA-binding protein from Elaeis guineensis Jacq. is responsive to abiotic stresses.
PubMed:Elaeis oleifera Genomic-SSR Markers: Exploitation in Oil Palm Germplasm Diversity and Cross-Amplification in Arecaceae.
PubMed:Characterization of the chloroplast genome sequence of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Transformation of oil palm using Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
PubMed:Wound Healing Activity of Elaeis guineensis Leaf Extract Ointment.
PubMed:SSR markers in transcripts of genes linked to post-transcriptional and transcriptional regulatory functions during vegetative and reproductive development of Elaeis guineensis.
PubMed:Isolation of the detoxification enzyme EgP450 from an oil palm EST library.
PubMed:Factors impacting the formation of monochloropropanediol (MCPD) fatty acid diesters during palm (Elaeis guineensis) oil production.
PubMed:The empiric use of palm kernel oil in neonatal skin care: justifiable or not?
PubMed:Formation mechanisms of monochloropropanediol (MCPD) fatty acid diesters in refined palm (Elaeis guineensis) oil and related fractions.
PubMed:Genetic linkage map of a high yielding FELDA deli×yangambi oil palm cross.
PubMed:In vitro rescue of interspecific embryos from Elaeis guineensis x E. oleifera (Arecaceae).
PubMed:Synthesis of fatty acid methyl ester from palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) with Ky(MgCa)2xO3 as heterogeneous catalyst.
PubMed:Effect of fruit ripening on content and chemical composition of oil from three oil palm cultivars (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) grown in Colombia.
PubMed:Symbiotic interaction of endophytic bacteria with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and its antagonistic effect on Ganoderma boninense.
PubMed:Differential transcriptomic profiles effected by oil palm phenolics indicate novel health outcomes.
PubMed:Synthesis of methyl esters from palm (Elaeis guineensis) oil using cobalt doped MgO as solid oxide catalyst.
PubMed:Impact of different inclusion levels of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) fronds on fatty acid profiles of goat muscles.
PubMed:Phylogenetic and experimental characterization of an acyl-ACP thioesterase family reveals significant diversity in enzymatic specificity and activity.
PubMed:Environmental regulation of sex determination in oil palm: current knowledge and insights from other species.
PubMed:Potential health implication of in vitro human low-density lipoprotein-vitamin E oxidation modulation by polyphenols derived from Côte d'Ivoire's oil palm species.
PubMed:Antihypertensive and cardiovascular effects of catechin-rich oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) leaf extract in nitric oxide-deficient rats.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of an oil palm constitutive promoter derived from a translationally control tumor protein (TCTP) gene.
PubMed:Regulatory mechanisms underlying oil palm fruit mesocarp maturation, ripening, and functional specialization in lipid and carotenoid metabolism.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of proline/betaine transporter gene from oil palm.
PubMed:The effects of provisioning and crop-raiding on the diet and foraging activities of human-commensal white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus).
PubMed:Differential expression of oil palm pathology genes during interactions with Ganoderma boninense and Trichoderma harzianum.
PubMed:Combination of acid labile detergent and C18 Empore™ disks for improved identification and sequence coverage of in-gel digested proteins.
PubMed:Crystallization of silver through reduction process using Elaeis guineensis biosolid extract.
PubMed:Variations in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) progeny response to high aluminium concentrations in solution culture.
PubMed:The shoot apical meristem of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis; Arecaceae): developmental progression and dynamics.
PubMed:Chimpanzee oil-palm use in southern Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau.
PubMed:Epigenetic imbalance and the floral developmental abnormality of the in vitro-regenerated oil palm Elaeis guineensis.
PubMed:A novel transcript of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.), Eg707, is specifically upregulated in tissues related to totipotency.
PubMed:Acute oral toxicity and brine shrimp lethality of Elaeis guineensis Jacq., (oil palm leaf) methanol extract.
PubMed:SSR mining in oil palm EST database: application in oil palm germplasm diversity studies.
PubMed:Palm oil-derived natural vitamin E alpha-tocotrienol in brain health and disease.
PubMed:Effect of autohydrolysis and enzymatic treatment on oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) frond fibres for xylose and xylooligosaccharides production.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of differentially expressed transcripts from the suspension cells of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in response to different concentration of auxins.
PubMed:[First occurrence of Alcaeorrhynchus grandis (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) preying on defoliating caterpillars of oil palm in the State of Pará, Brazil].
PubMed:QTL detection by multi-parent linkage mapping in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Analysis of beta-carotene hydroxylase gene cDNA isolated from the American oil-palm (Elaeis oleifera) mesocarp tissue cDNA library.
PubMed:Microbial Inoculation Improves Growth of Oil Palm Plants (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:In vitro conservation of oil palm somatic embryos for 20 years on a hormone-free culture medium: characteristics of the embryogenic cultures, derived plantlets and adult palms.
PubMed:Nitrogen management is essential to prevent tropical oil palm plantations from causing ground-level ozone pollution.
PubMed:Phenology and growth adjustments of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) to photoperiod and climate variability.
PubMed:Phenology, growth and physiological adjustments of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) to sink limitation induced by fruit pruning.
PubMed:Leaf-tool use for drinking water by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): acquisition patterns and handedness.
PubMed:Role of transitory carbon reserves during adjustment to climate variability and source-sink imbalances in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Use of metabolic control analysis to give quantitative information on control of lipid biosynthesis in the important oil crop, Elaeis guineensis (oilpalm).
PubMed:The gene MT3-B can differentiate palm oil from other oil samples.
PubMed:Changes in 13C/12C of oil palm leaves to understand carbon use during their passage from heterotrophy to autotrophy.
PubMed:Transcriptome analysis during somatic embryogenesis of the tropical monocot Elaeis guineensis: evidence for conserved gene functions in early development.
PubMed:[Bionomics data and descriptions of the immatures of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), pest of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) in Tabasco, Mexico].
PubMed:Biofuel plantations on forested lands: double jeopardy for biodiversity and climate.
PubMed:Isolation and expression analysis of genes encoding MET, CMT, and DRM methyltransferases in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in relation to the 'mantled' somaclonal variation.
PubMed:Birds defend oil palms from herbivorous insects.
PubMed:Contrasting globulin and cysteine proteinase gene expression patterns reveal fundamental developmental differences between zygotic and somatic embryos of oil palm.
PubMed:Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) tissue culture ESTs: identifying genes associated with callogenesis and embryogenesis.
PubMed:Microbial degradation of palm (Elaeis guineensis) biodiesel.
PubMed:Functional analysis of three lily (Lilium longiflorum) APETALA1-like MADS box genes in regulating floral transition and formation.
PubMed:Genomewide selection in oil palm: increasing selection gain per unit time and cost with small populations.
PubMed:Field development of oil palms (Elaeis guineensis jacq) originating from cryopreserved stabilized polyembryonic cultures.
PubMed:Analysis and functional annotation of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from multiple tissues of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:EgAP2-1, an AINTEGUMENTA-like (AIL) gene expressed in meristematic and proliferating tissues of embryos in oil palm.
PubMed:Identification of a 7S globulin as a novel coconut allergen.
PubMed:A class I KNOX gene from the palm species Elaeis guineensis (Arecaceae) is associated with meristem function and a distinct mode of leaf dissection.
PubMed:Determination of flower structure in Elaeis guineensis: do palms use the same homeotic genes as other species?
PubMed:Natural efficiency of parasitism by Billaea rhynchophorae (Blanchard) (Diptera: Tachinidae) for the control of Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed:Functional characterization of MADS box genes involved in the determination of oil palm flower structure.
PubMed:Growth of yeasts, lactic and acetic acid bacteria in palm wine during tapping and fermentation from felled oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) in Ghana.
PubMed:Mining for single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions / deletions in expressed sequence tag libraries of oil palm.
PubMed:Post-oil-spill fires at Ugbomro (Niger Delta): a new vista in soil-pollution studies.
PubMed:Post-impact assessment of oil pollution in Agbada west plain of Niger Delta, Nigeria: field reconnaissance and total extractable hydrocarbon content.
PubMed:Assaying lipase activity from oil palm fruit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) mesocarp.
PubMed:Circadian control of isoprene emissions from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Somaclonal variation in micropropagated oil palm. Characterization of two novel genes with enhanced expression in epigenetically abnormal cell lines and in response to auxin.
PubMed:Differential gene expression and characterization of tissue-specific cDNA clones in oil palm using mRNA differential display.
PubMed:MADS box genes in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis): patterns in the evolution of the SQUAMOSA, DEFICIENS, GLOBOSA, AGAMOUS, and SEPALLATA subfamilies.
PubMed:Metabolic control analysis reveals an important role for diacylglycerol acyltransferase in olive but not in oil palm lipid accumulation.
PubMed:Reproductive developmental complexity in the African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis, Arecaceae).
PubMed:Analysis of expressed sequence tags from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Stem rots of oil palm caused by Ganoderma boninense: pathogen biology and epidemiology.
PubMed:Possible sources of genetic resistance in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) to basal stem rot caused by Ganoderma boninense--prospects for future breeding.
PubMed:Microsatellite-based high density linkage map in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:A developmental study on the appearance of tocopherols and tocotrienols in developing palm mesocarp (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Stabilization of palm oils by using Ficus exasperata leaves in local processing methods.
PubMed:Search for methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphisms associated with the mantled variant phenotype in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq).
PubMed:Antioxidants from palm (Elaeis guineensis) fruit extracts.
PubMed:Bioreactor culture of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) and effects of nitrogen source, inoculum size, and conditioned medium on biomass production.
PubMed:Genetic diversity of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) germplasm collections from Africa: implications for improvement and conservation of genetic resources.
PubMed:Structural features of N-glycans linked to glycoproteins from oil palm pollen, an allergenic pollen*.
PubMed:Phytonutrient deficiency: the place of palm fruit.
PubMed:Cultural innovation and transmission of tool use in wild chimpanzees: evidence from field experiments.
PubMed:Comparison of the effect of two excipients (karite nut butter and vaseline) on the efficacy of Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Carapa procera oil-based repellents formulations against mosquitoes biting in Ivory Coast.
PubMed:Retroelements, transposons and methylation status in the genome of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) and the relationship to somaclonal variation.
PubMed:Palm oil: biochemical, physiological, nutritional, hematological, and toxicological aspects: a review.
PubMed:Characterisation of copia-like retrotransposons in oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Methylation-sensitive RFLPs: characterisation of two oil palm markers showing somaclonal variation-associated polymorphism.
PubMed:Polyphenol-enriched extract of oil palm fronds (Elaeis guineensis) promotes vascular relaxation via endothelium-dependent mechanisms.
PubMed:Use of control analysis to study the regulation of plant lipid biosynthesis.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of soluble peroxidase from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) leaf.
PubMed:White-faced monkey (Cebus capucinus) ecology and management in neotropical agricultural landscapes during the dry season.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of 31-kDa palm pollen glycoprotein (Ela g Bd 31 K), which is recognized by IgE from palm pollinosis patients.
PubMed:Thermal stability of peroxidase from the african oil palm tree Elaeis guineensis.
PubMed:Control analysis of lipid biosynthesis in tissue cultures from oil crops shows that flux control is shared between fatty acid synthesis and lipid assembly.
PubMed:Control mechanisms operating for lipid biosynthesis differ in oil-palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) and olive (Olea europaea L.) callus cultures.
PubMed:Characterization of a defensin gene expressed in oil palm inflorescences: induction during tissue culture and possible association with epigenetic somaclonal variation events.
PubMed:Root system architecture and gravitropism in the oil palm.
PubMed:Association of lignifying enzymes in shell synthesis of oil palm fruit (Elaeis guineensis--dura variety).
PubMed:Development, characterisation, and across-taxa utility of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) microsatellite markers.
PubMed:Long-term chemiluminescent signal is produced in the course of luminol peroxidation catalyzed by peroxidase isolated from leaves of african oil palm tree.
PubMed:Kernel-specific cDNA clones encoding three different isoforms of seed storage protein glutelin from oil palm Elaeis guineensis.
PubMed:The study of a monocotyledon abscission zone using microscopic, chemical, enzymatic and solid state 13C CP/MAS NMR analyses.
PubMed:Purification and stability of peroxidase of African oil palm Elaies guineensis.
PubMed:Effect of feeding crude red palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and grain amaranth (Amaranthus paniculatus) to hens on total lipids, cholesterol, PUFA levels and acceptability of eggs.
PubMed:Evaluation of the allergenicity of tropical pollen and airborne spores in Singapore.
PubMed:A mesocarp-and species-specific cDNA clone from oil palm encodes for sesquiterpene synthase.
PubMed:Purification and characterisation of acyl-CoA: glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) tissues.
PubMed:Prevalence of allergic sensitization to regional inhalants among allergic patients in Jakarta, Indonesia.
PubMed:Metabolism of Cytokinins by Tissue Culture Lines of Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Producing Normal and Abnormal Flowering Palms.
PubMed:Dietary responses to fruit scarcity of wild chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea: possible implications for ecological importance of tool use.
PubMed:Biochemical studies of oil biosynthesis in olive (Olea europea) and oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) callus cultures.
PubMed:Red palm oil for combating vitamin A deficiency.
PubMed:Construction of a RFLP genetic linkage map for oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Assessment of nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast RFLP markers in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Analysis of the genetic effects for several traits in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) populations. I. Population means.
PubMed:The utility of RAPD markers for the determination of genetic variation in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Somatic embryogenesis from immature inflorescences of oil palm.
PubMed:Effect of red palm oil on some hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in rats.
PubMed:Multigeneration studies on red palm oil, and on hydrogenated vegetable oil containing mahua oil.
PubMed:Cryopreservation of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) somatic embryos involving a desiccation step.
PubMed:Plant regeneration from embryogenic suspension cultures of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Nutritional evaluation of crude palm oil in rats.
PubMed:Teratorhabditis palmarum n. sp. (Nemata: Rhabditidae): An Associate of Rhynchophorus palmarum and R. cruentatus.
PubMed:P NMR Observations on the Effect of the External pH on the Intracellular pH Values in Plant Cell Suspension Cultures.
PubMed:Application of X-ray microanalysis to cell suspensions of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
PubMed:Conditions for isolation and regeneration of viable protoplasts of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:The Metabolism of the Germinating Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Seedling : In Vivo Studies.
PubMed:Some Enzymic Activities in the Germinating Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Seedling.
PubMed:An investigation of the growth characteristics of oil-palm (Elaeis guineensis) suspension cultures using 31P NMR.
PubMed:Genotype X environment interaction for bunch yield and its components in the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis, Jacq.).
PubMed:The use of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity and changes in wall composition as measures of embryogenesis in tissue cultures of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
PubMed:Heritability of fresh fruit bunch yield and its components in the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis, Jacq.).
PubMed:Selection of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) in Africa.
PubMed:Experimental evidence of the pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum Schl. f. to the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.).
PubMed:Regulation of 3-hydroxyhexanoate composition in PHBH synthesized by recombinant Cupriavidus necator H16 from plant oil by using butyrate as a co-substrate.
PubMed:Palm-based medium-and-long-chain triacylglycerol (P-MLCT): production via enzymatic interesterification and optimization using response surface methodology (RSM).
PubMed:Suitability of polystyrene as a functional barrier layer in coloured food contact materials.
PubMed:The response of hepatic transcriptome to dietary cholesterol in Prague hereditary hypercholesterolemic (PHHC) rat.
PubMed:Comparison of process parameter optimization using different designs in nanoemulsion-based formulation for transdermal delivery of fullerene.
PubMed:Physicochemical characterization and thermodynamic studies of nanoemulsion-based transdermal delivery system for fullerene.
PubMed:Physicochemical properties and potential food applications of Moringa oleifera seed oil blended with other vegetable oils.
PubMed:Production and characterization of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates by Pseudomonas mosselii TO7.
PubMed:Formulation development and optimization of palm kernel oil esters-based nanoemulsions containing sodium diclofenac.
PubMed:The effects of low-molecular-weight emulsifiers in O/W-emulsions on microviscosity of non-solidified oil in fat globules and the mobility of emulsifiers at the globule surfaces.
PubMed:Calcium and fat metabolic balance, and gastrointestinal tolerance in term infants fed milk-based formulas with and without palm olein and palm kernel oils: a randomized blinded crossover study.
PubMed:Formulation optimization of palm kernel oil esters nanoemulsion-loaded with chloramphenicol suitable for meningitis treatment.
PubMed:Emissions of particulate matter and associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from agricultural diesel engine fueled with degummed, deacidified mixed crude palm oil blends.
PubMed:Construction of a stable plasmid vector for industrial production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) by a recombinant Cupriavidus necator H16 strain.
PubMed:Comparative transcriptome analysis of three oil palm fruit and seed tissues that differ in oil content and fatty acid composition.
PubMed:Carcass fat quality of pigs is not improved by adding corn germ, beef tallow, palm kernel oil, or glycerol to finishing diets containing distillers dried grains with solubles.
PubMed:Production of biodiesel fuel by transesterification of different vegetable oils with methanol using Al₂O₃ modified MgZnO catalyst.
PubMed:Effects of chemical interesterification on the physicochemical, microstructural and thermal properties of palm stearin, palm kernel oil and soybean oil blends.
PubMed:Effect of vesicle's membrane packing behaviour on skin penetration of model lipophilic drug.
PubMed:Increased recovery and improved purity of PHA from recombinant Cupriavidus necator.
PubMed:Purification and characterisation of antibacterial peptide-containing compound derived from palm kernel cake.
PubMed:Modification of palm kernel oil esters nanoemulsions with hydrocolloid gum for enhanced topical delivery of ibuprofen.
PubMed:Preparation of human milk fat substitutes from palm stearin with arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid: combination of enzymatic and physical methods.
PubMed:Biosynthesis and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoate containing high 3-hydroxyhexanoate monomer fraction from crude palm kernel oil by recombinant Cupriavidus necator.
PubMed:Extraction of phenanthrene and fluoranthene from contaminated sand using palm kernel and soybean oils.
PubMed:Copper extraction by fatty hydroxamic acids derivatives synthesized based on palm kernel oil.
PubMed:Preparation of vesicle drug carrier from palm oil- and palm kernel oil-based glycosides.
PubMed:State of dispersed lipid carrier and interface composition as determinants of beta-carotene stability in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Benzyl and methyl fatty hydroxamic acids based on palm kernel oil as chelating agent for liquid-liquid iron(III) extraction.
PubMed:Effect of high saturated free fatty acids feeding on progression of renal failure in rat model of experimental nephrotoxicity.
PubMed:The empiric use of palm kernel oil in neonatal skin care: justifiable or not?
PubMed:Formulation and in vitro release evaluation of newly synthesized palm kernel oil esters-based nanoemulsion delivery system for 30% ethanolic dried extract derived from local Phyllanthus urinaria for skin antiaging.
PubMed:Expression of Aeromonas caviae polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase gene in Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM15050) enables the biosynthesis of SCL-MCL PHA from palm oil products.
PubMed:Physico-chemical properties of various palm-based diacylglycerol oils in comparison with their corresponding palm-based oils.
PubMed:Effect of surfactant and surfactant blends on pseudoternary phase diagram behavior of newly synthesized palm kernel oil esters.
PubMed:Stability of β-carotene in protein-stabilized oil-in-water delivery systems.
PubMed:Lipase-catalyzed preparation of human milk fat substitutes from palm stearin in a solvent-free system.
PubMed:Enzymatic synthesis of Fatty hydroxamic Acid derivatives based on palm kernel oil.
PubMed:Elucidation of beta-oxidation pathways in Ralstonia eutropha H16 by examination of global gene expression.
PubMed:Altering functional properties of fats using power ultrasound.
PubMed:Effect of solid fat content on structure in ice creams containing palm kernel oil and high-oleic sunflower oil.
PubMed:Fish oil in feeds for entire male and female pigs: changes in muscle fatty acid composition and stability of sensory quality.
PubMed:Preliminary study on mosquito repellent and mosquitocidal activities of Ocimum gratissimum (L.) grown in eastern Nigeria.
PubMed:Morphogenetic behavior of tropical marine yeast Yarrowia lipolytica in response to hydrophobic substrates.
PubMed:trans-Free margarines prepared with canola oil/palm stearin/palm kernel oil-based structured lipids.
PubMed:Effect of dietary alternative lipid sources on haematological parameters and serum constituents of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings.
PubMed:The application of medium-chain fatty acids: edible oil with a suppressing effect on body fat accumulation.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymers from mixtures of plant oils and 3-hydroxyvalerate precursors.
PubMed:Determination of the herbicide fluroxypyr in oil matrices.
PubMed:Influence of dietary oils and protein level on pork quality. 2. Effects on properties of fat and processing characteristics of bacon and frankfurter-style sausages.
PubMed:A reduced protein diet induces stearoyl-CoA desaturase protein expression in pig muscle but not in subcutaneous adipose tissue: relationship with intramuscular lipid formation.
PubMed:A manufacturer's perspective on selected palm-based products.
PubMed:Biosynthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- hydroxyhexanoate) from palm oil products in a Wautersia eutropha mutant.
PubMed:Degradation of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates in tropical forest and mangrove soils.
PubMed:Density and microviscosity studies of palm oil/water emulsions.
PubMed:Effect of fat nature and aroma compound hydrophobicity on flavor release from complex food emulsions.
PubMed:Enzyme production and profile by Aspergillus niger during solid substrate fermentation using palm kernel cake as substrate.
PubMed:Selective cholesterol deposition in the kidney tissue of rats fed palm kernel oil diet.
PubMed:Squalene in oils and fats from domestic and commercial fryings of potatoes.
PubMed:Phytonutrient deficiency: the place of palm fruit.
PubMed:Biodegradation of a medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate in tropical river water.
PubMed:Effects of different fibre sources and fat addition on cholesterol and cholesterol-related lipids in blood serum, bile and body tissues of growing pigs.
PubMed:Arabinoxylan-lipid-based edible films and coatings. 3. Influence of drying temperature on film structure and functional properties.
PubMed:Arabinoxylan-lipids-based edible films and coatings. 2. Influence of sucroester nature on the emulsion structure and film properties.
PubMed:Comparative quantitative fatty acid analysis of triacylglycerols using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and gas chromatography.
PubMed:Interactions of milk fat and milk fat fractions with confectionery fats.
PubMed:Lipase-catalysed production of biodiesel fuel from some Nigerian lauric oils.
PubMed:A kinetic study of lipase-catalyzed alcoholysis of palm kernel oil.
PubMed:Determination of the fatty acid composition of saponified vegetable oils using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Influence of palm olein on protein utilisation in the growing rat.
PubMed:Production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and its copolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) by Erwinia sp. USMI-20.
PubMed:Regulation of very low density lipoprotein apo B metabolism by dietary fat saturation and chain length in the guinea pig.
PubMed:Regulation of plasma lipoprotein levels by dietary triglycerides enriched with different fatty acids.
PubMed:Dietary fat saturation effects on low-density-lipoprotein concentrations and metabolism in various animal models.
PubMed:Influence of palm oil and palm oil fractions on protein utilisation.
PubMed:Comparison of the effects of diets enriched in lauric, palmitic, or oleic acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins in healthy women and men.
PubMed:Relative effects of high saturated fatty acid levels in meat, dairy products, and tropical oils on serum lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein degradation by mononuclear cells in healthy males.
PubMed:Blending of palm oil, palm stearin and palm kernel oil in the preparation of table and pastry margarine.
PubMed:Regulation of guinea pig very low density lipoprotein secretion rates by dietary fat saturation.
PubMed:Relative effects on serum lipids and apolipoproteins of a caprenin-rich diet compared with diets rich in palm oil/palm-kernel oil or butter.
PubMed:Fat high in stearic acid favorably affects blood lipids and factor VII coagulant activity in comparison with fats high in palmitic acid or high in myristic and lauric acids.
PubMed:Utilization of crude and refined palm and palm kernel oils in broiler diets.
PubMed:Dietary fat saturation modifies the metabolism of LDL subfractions in guinea pigs.
PubMed:Childhood convulsions: a hospital survey on traditional remedies.
PubMed:Differential effects of saturated fatty acids on low density lipoprotein metabolism in the guinea pig.
PubMed:Tropical oils: nutritional and scientific issues.
PubMed:Preliminary investigation on the effect of dietary supplemental biotin and palm kernel oil on blood, liver and kidney lipids in chicks.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fats on butyrylcholinesterase and esterase-1 (ES-1) activity in plasma of rats.
PubMed:Liver cholesterol concentrations in rats fed diets containing various fats of plant origin.
PubMed:A comparison of the digestion and absorption of cocoa butter and palm kernel oil and their effects on cholesterol absorption in rats.
PubMed:Dietary cholesterol and fats at a young age: do they influence cholesterol metabolism in adult life?
PubMed:Effect of dietary palm kernel oil and biotin on the fatty liver and kidney syndrome in broiler chicken.
PubMed:Long-term and short-term effects of dietary cholesterol and fats in the Mongolian gerbil.
PubMed:Changes of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats dependent on the quantity and quality of fat intake.
PubMed:Effects of sunflowerseed oil, linseed oil, evening primrose oil and hydrogenated palm kernel oil on hypertension development in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:Influence of dietary linoleic acid on cardiac function and prostaglandin release and on the effects of isoprenaline in the isolated rat heart.
PubMed:Experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits fed cholesterol-free diets.
PubMed:Hydrolysis of vegetable oils and triglycerides by thermotolerant and zoopathogenic species of Aspergillus from Nigerian palm produce.
PubMed:Palm oil and palm kernel oil.
PubMed:Effects of palm-kernel oil and sunflower-seed oil on serum lipids and atherogenesis in alloxan-diabetic rabbits.
PubMed:[Study of the safety of hydrogenated palm kernel oil as a base for suppositories].
PubMed:Studies on the nutrition of the young calf. 3. A comparison of unhydrogenated palmkernel oil, hydrogenated palm-kernel oil, and butterfat, as constituents of a milk diet.
PubMed:Studies of the nutrition of the young calf. II. The nutritive value of unhydrogenated palm oil, unhydrogenated palm-kernel oil, and butteriat, as additions to a milk diet.
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it consists primarily of the glycerides of the fatty acids linoleic acid and oleic acid. (elaeis quineensis, palmae).
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