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CAS Number: 2277-16-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
% from:92.00% to 94.00%
FDA UNII: F418SB3097
Nikkaji Web:J110.530B
XlogP3-AA:2.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:140.22572000
Formula:C9 H16 O
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:(E,E)-2,4-nonadienal 5.00% to 6.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Also contains 1-2% 2-nonen-4-ol
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1642 (E)-4-nonenal
FEMA Number:4302 trans-4-nonenal
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):2277-16-9 ; TRANS-4-NONENAL
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 93.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.84300 to 0.84700 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.015 to 7.048
Refractive Index:1.43400 to 1.43900 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 196.00 to 197.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Boiling Point: 80.00 °C. @ 2.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.398000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 152.00 °F. TCC ( 66.80 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 2.999 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, very slightly
 water, 204.9 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fruity
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
For experimental / research use only.
4-Nonenal, (4E)-
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
flavor and fragrance agents
RIFM Fragrance Material Safety Assessment: Search
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for (E)-4-nonenal usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 23
Click here to view publication 23
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.0000010.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 2.0000010.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 5.0000015.00000
condiments / relishes: 5.0000025.00000
confectionery froastings: 2.0000010.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: 1.000005.00000
gelatins / puddings: 2.0000010.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 2.0000010.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: 2.0000010.00000
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 50.000001000.00000
snack foods: 2.0000010.00000
soft candy: 2.0000010.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: 10.0000025.00000
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5283337
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):5283337
Pubchem (sid):134981900
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32535
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 citrus reticulata blanco var. clementine
Search Trop Picture
 yuzu peel oil
PbMd Search Trop Picture
4-nonenal (trans)
4-nonenal, (4E)-
4-nonenal, (E)-
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
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