histidine hydrochloride
L-histidine, hydrochloride (1:1)
 
Notes:
an essential amino acid that is required for the production of histamine.
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(2S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;hydrochloride (Click)
CAS Number: 645-35-2Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 211-438-9
FDA UNII: 1D5Q932XM6
Beilstein Number: 4168261
MDL: MFCD00064556
Molecular Weight: 191.61710000
Formula: C6 H10 Cl N3 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: antioxidants
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data2
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antioxidants
reducing agents
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Suppliers:
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
L-Histidine hydrochloride solution 100 mM amino acid in 0.1 M HCl, analytical standard
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-rat LD50  4407 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Vol. 64, Pg. 319, 1956.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: antioxidants
Recommendation for histidine hydrochloride usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for histidine hydrochloride flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 645-35-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 66091
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 (2S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;hydrochloride
Chemidplus: 0000645352
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References:
 (2S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;hydrochloride
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 645-35-2
Pubchem (cid): 66091
Pubchem (sid): 135050767
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 antioxidants 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
S(+)-a-amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoic acid hydrochloride
(2S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid hydrochloride
(S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid hydrochloride
(2S)-2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;hydrochloride
L-histidine HCL
laevo-histidine hydrochloride
L-histidine hydrochloride (1:1)
 histidine hydrochloride, L-
(-)-histidine monohydrochloride
L-histidine monohydrochloride
 histidine monohydrochloride, L-(+)-
L-histidine, hydrochloride (1:1)
L-histidine, monohydrochloride
L-histidine.HCl
L-histidinedihydrochloride
L-histidinehydrochloride
L-histidinemonohydrochloride
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Articles:
PubMed: Investigations on the growth aspects and characterization of semiorganic nonlinear optical single crystals of L-histidine and its hydrochloride derivative.
PubMed: C-REDOR curves of extended spin systems.
PubMed: Interactions of oligomers of organic polyethers with histidine amino acid.
PubMed: A Kirkwood-Buff force field for the aromatic amino acids.
PubMed: Capillary isotachophoresis for the analysis of ionic liquid entities.
PubMed: Impact of freezing on pH of buffered solutions and consequences for monoclonal antibody aggregation.
PubMed: Paenibacillus tyraminigenes sp. nov. isolated from Myeolchi-jeotgal, a traditional Korean salted and fermented anchovy.
PubMed: Deuterium quadrupolar tensors of L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate-d7.
PubMed: Analysis of isomeric glutamyl peptides by capillary electrophoresis. Application to stability studies.
PubMed: Mechanisms of the Eimeria tenella growth inhibitory activity induced by concanavalin A and reticuloendotheliosis virus supernatants with interferon gamma activity in chicken macrophages and fibroblasts.
PubMed: Determination of some cardiovascular drugs in serum and urine by capillary isotachophoresis.
PubMed: L-histidine methyl ester dihydrochloride.
PubMed: Proton transfer in histidine hydrochloride induced by a dipolar aprotic solvent.
PubMed: Histamine formation by mouse preimplantation embryos.
PubMed: Intermolecular indole-imidazolium complexes. II. Interaction of a block copolymer (L-tryptophan)n-(gamma-ethyl-DL-glutamate)m with imidazolium hydrochloride and poly(L-histidine hydrochloride).
PubMed: Letter: Optical activity of the charge-transfer complex between poly-L-histidine hydrochloride and indole.
PubMed: Amino Acid and vitamin requirements of several bacteroides strains.
PubMed: Crystal structure of histidine hydrochloride monohydrate.
PubMed: AMINO ACID MIXTURES EFFECTIVE PARENTERALLY FOR LONG CONTINUED PLASMA PROTEIN PRODUCTION. CASEIN DIGESTS COMPARED.
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