sodium nitrite
nitrous acid sodium salt (1:1)
 
Notes:
nitrous acid sodium salt. used in many industrial processes, in meat curing, coloring, and preserving, and as a reagent in analytical chemistry techniques. it is used therapeutically as an antidote in cyanide poisoning. the compound is toxic and mutagenic and will react in vivo with secondary or tertiary amines thereby producing highly carcinogenic nitrosamines. Colour fixative and preservative for fish and meat products Sodium nitrite, with chemical formula NaNO2, is used as a color fixative and preservative in meats and fish. When pure, it is a white to slight yellowish crystalline powder. (Wikipedia)
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sodium nitrite (Click)
CAS Number: 7632-00-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 231-555-9
FDA UNII: M0KG633D4F
Nikkaji Web: J44.040J
MDL: MFCD00011118
Molecular Weight: 68.99516928
Formula: N Na O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: preservatives and color fixatives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 228 Sodium nitrite embedded on one side of a food packaging film at a maximum level of 113 milligrams per square meter View-notice PDF
EU SANCO Nitrites View-review
EU SANCO Sodium nitrite View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Sodium Nitrite
GSFA Codex: Sodium nitrite (250)
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: sodium nitrite
FDA Mainterm: SODIUM NITRITE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart B--Food Preservatives
Sec. 172.170 Sodium nitrate.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart B--Food Preservatives
Sec. 172.175 Sodium nitrite.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart B--Food Preservatives
Sec. 172.177 Sodium nitrite used in processing smoked chub.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.820 Polyethylene glycol (mean molecular weight 200-9,500).


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.824 Sodium mono- and dimethyl naphthalene sulfonates.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3570 Lubricants with incidental food contact.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3910 Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.


FDA PART 181 -- PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS
Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.33 Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate.


FDA PART 181 -- PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS
Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.34 Sodium nitrite and potassium nitrite.


FDA PART 573 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FEED AND DRINKING WATER OF ANIMALS
Subpart B--Food Additive Listing
Sec. 573.700 Sodium nitrite.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white to pale yellow powder (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 2.17000 @  25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 alcohol
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: anticorrosive agents
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Suppliers:
American Elements
Sodium Nitrite 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium Nitrite is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
ECSA Chemicals
Sodium Nitrite
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrite
Graham Chemical
Sodium Nitrite
Kraft Chemical
Sodium Nitrite
Penta International
SODIUM NITRITE GRANULAR USP
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrite ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium nitrite 99.999% trace metals basis
Silver Fern Chemical
Sodium Nitrite
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium nitrite has many applications including photography, corrosion inhibitor in greases, heat transfer medium, pharmaceuticals, preservative in foods, and an accelerator in rubbers.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM NITRITE GR FCC FREE FL
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium nitrite has been found to inhibit growth of disease-causing microorganisms; give taste and color to the meat; and inhibit lipid oxidation that leads to rancidity.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM NITRITE USP
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium nitrite can be used as part of an intravenous mixture with sodium thiosulfate to treat cyanide poisoning.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  180 mg/kg
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 30, Pg. 470, 1969.

oral-rabbit LD50  186 mg/kg
Southwestern Veterinarian. Vol. 27, Pg. 246, 1974.

oral-mouse LD50  175 mg/kg
VASCULAR: REGIONAL OR GENERAL ARTERIOLAR OR VENOUS DILATION VASCULAR: BP LOWERING NOT CHARACTERIZED IN AUTONOMIC SECTION
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 97, 1974.

oral-cat LDLo  1500 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1372, 1935.

oral-chicken LD50  28944 ug/kg
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol. 30, Pg. 2185, 1969.

oral-child LDLo  22 mg/kg
VASCULAR: OTHER CHANGES
Lancet. Vol. 2, Pg. 162, 1917.

intravenous-dog LDLo  15 mg/kg
"Drug Dosages in Laboratory Animals - A Handbook," Rev. ed., Barnes, C.D., and L.G. Eltherington, Berkeley, Univ. of California Press, 1973Vol. -, Pg. 245, 1973.

oral-dog LDLo  330 mg/kg
"Drug Dosages in Laboratory Animals - A Handbook," Rev. ed., Barnes, C.D., and L.G. Eltherington, Berkeley, Univ. of California Press, 1973Vol. -, Pg. 245, 1973.

oral-human LDLo  71 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA BLOOD: METHEMOGLOBINEMIA-CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 543, 1969.

oral-human TDLo  14 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY) VASCULAR: REGIONAL OR GENERAL ARTERIOLAR OR VENOUS DILATION
Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. Vol. 74, Pg. 961, 1949.

oral-man LDLo  321 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS BLOOD: METHEMOGLOBINEMIA-CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN
Israel Journal of Medical Sciences. Vol. 28, Pg. 289, 1992.

oral-man TDLo  1714 ug/kg/70M
CARDIAC: PULSE RATE INCREASE WITHOUT FALL IN BP VASCULAR: BP LOWERING NOT CHARACTERIZED IN AUTONOMIC SECTION
Journal of Clinical Investigation. Vol. 16, Pg. 73, 1937.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  158 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 165, Pg. 30, 1969.

intravenous-rabbit LDLo  80 mg/kg
PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE BEHAVIORAL: COMA KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME INCREASED
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 41, Pg. 121, 1931.

intravenous-rat LD50  65 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 13, Pg. 320, 1963.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-rat LD50 96.60 mg/kg
Archives of Toxicology, Supplement. Vol. 14, Pg. 231, 1991.

subcutaneous-cat LDLo 35 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 126, Pg. 209, 1927.

subcutaneous-dog LDLo 60 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: FLACCID PARALYSIS WITHOUT ANESTHESIA (USUALLY NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKAGE) GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 21, Pg. 425, 1911.

subcutaneous-frog LDLo 1000 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1372, 1935.

subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 150 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 35, Pg. 480, 1929.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 60 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1372, 1935.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 96600 ug/kg
Archives of Toxicology, Supplement. Vol. 14, Pg. 231, 1991.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 5500 ug/m3/4H
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 16(10), Pg. 36, 1972.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: preservatives and color fixatives
Recommendation for sodium nitrite usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for sodium nitrite flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on biological hazards (BIOHAZ) related to the effects of Nitrites/Nitrates on the Microbiological Safety of Meat Products
View page or View pdf
Statement on nitrites in meat products
View page or View pdf
Re-evaluation of potassium nitrite (E 249) and sodium nitrite (E 250) as food additives
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 7632-00-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 23668193
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 sodium nitrite
Chemidplus: 0007632000
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 7632-00-0
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References:
 sodium nitrite
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 7632-00-0
Pubchem (cid): 23668193
Pubchem (sid): 134987571
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
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tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
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KEGG (GenomeNet): D05865
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FooDB: FDB015435
Export Tariff Code: 2834.10.1000
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ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grade: reagent; technical; usp; fcc. •sodium nitrite is sold as the salt and in solution. the finely crystalline, slightly yellowish salt is marketed in untreated form and also after treatment with aryl alkyl sulfonates. the salt contains ca. 99.0 % sodium nitrite, 0.6 % sodium nitrate, < 0.1 % sodium chloride and sodium sulfate, and < 0.1 % water.
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 anticorrosive agents 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 nitrous acid sodium salt
 nitrous acid sodium salt (1:1)
 nitrous acid sodium salt(1:1)
 nitrous acid, sodium salt
 sodiumnitrite
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Articles:
PubMed: Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of fermented sheepmeat sausage.
PubMed: Effect of the Addition of Schisandra chinensis Powder on the Physico-chemical Characteristics of Sausage.
PubMed: Inhibitory activity of reuterin, nisin, lysozyme and nitrite against vegetative cells and spores of dairy-related Clostridium species.
PubMed: Effect of amaranthus pigments on quality characteristics of pork sausages.
PubMed: Effects of vegetable juice powder concentration and storage time on some chemical and sensory quality attributes of uncured, emulsified cooked sausages.
PubMed: Effects of varying levels of vegetable juice powder and incubation time on color, residual nitrate and nitrite, pigment, pH, and trained sensory attributes of ready-to-eat uncured ham.
PubMed: [A study on formation of N-(nitrosomethyl) urea in experimental pig stomach gavaged with fish sauce].
PubMed: Effect of antioxidants on the sensory characteristics and storage stability of aseptically processed low-fat beef gels.
PubMed: Nitrite, nitrite alternatives, and the control of Clostridium botulinum in cured meats.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate on botulinal toxin production and nitrosamine formation in wieners.
PubMed: Thymoquinone ameliorates testicular tissue inflammation induced by chronic administration of oral sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite-induced oxidative stress causes membrane damage, protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation and alters major metabolic pathways in human erythrocytes.
PubMed: Nigella sativa oil attenuates chronic nephrotoxicity induced by oral sodium nitrite: Effects on tissue fibrosis and apoptosis.
PubMed: The use of atmospheric pressure plasma-treated water as a source of nitrite for emulsion-type sausage.
PubMed: Use of tocopherol extract and different nitrite sources and starter cultures in the production of organic botifarra catalana, a cooked cured sausage.
PubMed: Impact of Clean-Label Antimicrobials and Nitrite Derived from Natural Sources on the Outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens during Cooling of Deli-Style Turkey Breast.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite potentiates renal oxidative stress and injury in hemoglobin exposed guinea pigs.
PubMed: Protein oxidation and protein nitration influenced by sodium nitrite in two different meat model systems.
PubMed: Oral nitrite therapy improves vascular function in diabetic mice.
PubMed: Optimization of Maillard reaction with ribose for enhancing anti-allergy effect of fish protein hydrolysates using response surface methodology.
PubMed: Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of fermented sheepmeat sausage.
PubMed: Physicochemical characteristics and quality parameters of a beef product subjected to chemical preservatives and high hydrostatic pressure.
PubMed: Cod liver oil ameliorates sodium nitrite-induced insulin resistance and degradation of rat hepatic glycogen through inhibition of cAMP/PKA pathway.
PubMed: Nitrite spray treatment to promote red color stability of vacuum packaged beef.
PubMed: Biochemical and molecular studies on the possible influence of the Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris extracts to mitigate the effect of food preservatives and food chemical colorants on albino rats.
PubMed: Histopathologic, biochemical and genotoxic investigations on chronic sodium nitrite toxicity in mice.
PubMed: Cod liver oil in sodium nitrite induced hepatic injury: does it have a potential protective effect?
PubMed: Contribution of the NO-detoxifying enzymes HmpA, NorV and NrfA to nitrosative stress protection of Salmonella Typhimurium in raw sausages.
PubMed: New composite nitrite-free and low-nitrite meat-curing systems using natural colorants.
PubMed: Shelf life study of hurdle treated ready-to-eat spiced buffalo meat product stored at 30 ± 3 °C for 7 weeks under vacuum and aerobic packaging.
PubMed: A 26-Week Toxicity Assessment of AIR001 (Sodium Nitrite) by Inhalation Exposure in Rats and by Intravenous Administration in Dogs.
PubMed: Effects of different nitrite concentrations from a vegetable source with and without high hydrostatic pressure on the recovery of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat restructured ham.
PubMed: Nitrite in hamburgers in Arak, Iran.
PubMed: Excessive nitrite affects zebrafish valvulogenesis through yielding too much NO signaling.
PubMed: Prevalence of sensitivity to food and drug additives in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria.
PubMed: Inhibitory activity of reuterin, nisin, lysozyme and nitrite against vegetative cells and spores of dairy-related Clostridium species.
PubMed: Identification and characterization of dimeric oxidation products of p-cymene-2,3-diol isolated from Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed: A family cluster of nitrite poisoning, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China, 2013.
PubMed: Exposure of Escherichia coli ATCC 12806 to sublethal concentrations of food-grade biocides influences its ability to form biofilm, resistance to antimicrobials, and ultrastructure.
PubMed: A Family Clustered Nitrite Intoxication Investigation in Gaoxin District, Suzhou, China, 2013.
PubMed: Prevalence of nitrite and nitrate contents and its effect on edible bird nest's color.
PubMed: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects of silymarin on hepatic dysfunction induced by sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Inhibition of Clostridium perfringens growth by potassium lactate during an extended cooling of cooked uncured ground turkey breasts.
PubMed: The occurrence of N-nitrosamines, residual nitrite and biogenic amines in commercial dry fermented sausages and evaluation of their occasional relation.
PubMed: Expression profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and Mycobacterium smegmatis in acid-nitrosative multi-stress displays defined regulatory networks.
PubMed: Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 partly mediates hypotensive effect of nitrite on L-NAME-induced hypertension in normoxic rat.
PubMed: Antibacterial efficacy of Nisin, Pediocin 34 and Enterocin FH99 against Listeria monocytogenes and cross resistance of its bacteriocin resistant variants to common food preservatives.
PubMed: Nitric oxide inhibition of alcohol dehydrogenase in fresh-cut apples ( Malus domestica Borkh).
PubMed: The effect of pH and nitrite concentration on the antimicrobial impact of celery juice concentrate compared with conventional sodium nitrite on Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Toxicity detection of sodium nitrite, borax and aluminum potassium sulfate using electrochemical method.
PubMed: Identifying ingredients that delay outgrowth of Listeria monocytogenes in natural, organic, and clean-label ready-to-eat meat and poultry products.
PubMed: Investigation of in vivo toxicity of hydroxylamine sulfate and the efficiency of intoxication treatment by α-tocopherol acetate and methylene blue.
PubMed: Myoglobin as marker in meat adulteration: a UPLC method for determining the presence of pork meat in raw beef burger.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite influences metabolic conversions of nitric oxide in tissues of the right and left ventricles of the rat heart.
PubMed: Oxidation in HiOx-packaged pork Longissimus muscle predisposes myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic proteins to N-nitrosamine formation in nitrite-curing solution.
PubMed: Effects of organic tomato pulp powder and nitrite level on the physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of pork luncheon roll.
PubMed: Leuconostoc mesenteroides growth in food products: prediction and sensitivity analysis by adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference systems.
PubMed: Effects of the presence of the curing agent sodium nitrite, used in the production of fermented sausages, on bacteriocin production by Weissella paramesenteroides DX grown in meat simulation medium.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia from curing salt.
PubMed: Effect of meat ingredients (sodium nitrite and erythorbate) and processing (vacuum storage and packaging atmosphere) on germination and outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens spores in ham during abusive cooling.
PubMed: Effect of nitrite on the odourant volatile fraction of cooked ham.
PubMed: Determination of nitrate, nitrite and perchlorate anions in meat, milk and their products consumed in Hatay region in Turkey.
PubMed: Effects of high hydrostatic pressure and varying concentrations of sodium nitrite from traditional and vegetable-based sources on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) sliced ham.
PubMed: Assessing the effect, on animal model, of mixture of food additives, on the water balance.
PubMed: [Sodium nitrite induces PC12 cell differentiation].
PubMed: Combined effect of sodium nitrite with high-pressure treatments on the inactivation of Escherichia coli BW25113 and Listeria monocytogenes NCTC 11994.
PubMed: Production potency of folate, vitamin B(12), and thiamine by lactic acid bacteria isolated from Japanese pickles.
PubMed: The effect of high hydrostatic pressure, sodium nitrite and salt concentration on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on RTE ham and turkey.
PubMed: Kinetics of nitrite evaluated in a meat product.
PubMed: Inhibition of toxigenesis of group II (nonproteolytic) Clostridium botulinum type B in meat products by using a reduced level of nitrite.
PubMed: Effects of Purple-fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomoera batatas Cultivar Ayamurasaki) Powder Addition on Color and Texture Properties and Sensory Characteristics of Cooked Pork Sausages during Storage.
PubMed: Survey of naturally and conventionally cured commercial frankfurters, ham, and bacon for physio-chemical characteristics that affect bacterial growth.
PubMed: A new, simple method for the production of meat-curing pigment under optimised conditions using response surface methodology.
PubMed: Dog rose (Rosa canina L.) as a functional ingredient in porcine frankfurters without added sodium ascorbate and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes using natural antimicrobials in no-nitrate-or-nitrite-added ham.
PubMed: The jejunoileal bypass provokes morphological changes in the large intestine? An experimental study in rats.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite: the "cure" for nitric oxide insufficiency.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of Chinese bayberry extract for the preservation of surimi.
PubMed: Prooxidant effects of the combination of green tea extract and sodium nitrite for accelerating lipolysis and lipid oxidation in pepperoni during storage.
PubMed: Induction of colonic aberrant crypts in mice by feeding apparent N-nitroso compounds derived from hot dogs.
PubMed: Nitrosylation of myoglobin and nitrosation of cysteine by nitrite in a model system simulating meat curing.
PubMed: Effect of sodium ascorbate dose on the shelf life stability of reduced nitrite liver pâtés.
PubMed: Effect of sodium chloride, sodium nitrite and temperature on desorption isotherms of previously frozen beef.
PubMed: Influence of NaCl and NaNO3 on sinigrin hydrolysis by foodborne bacteria.
PubMed: Cryptococcus thermophilus sp. nov., isolated from cassava sourdough.
PubMed: In vitro influence of D/L-lactic acid, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite on the infectivity of feline calicivirus and of ECHO virus as potential surrogates for foodborne viruses.
PubMed: Characterization of nitrated phenolic compounds for their anti-oxidant, pro-oxidant, and nitration activities.
PubMed: Effects of natural antimicrobials on inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes and on chemical, physical and sensory attributes of naturally-cured frankfurters.
PubMed: Influence of putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine or spermine on the formation of N-nitrosamine in heated cured pork meat.
PubMed: Evaluation of coloring efficacy of lac dye in comminuted meat product.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite induces acute central nervous system toxicity in guinea pigs exposed to systemic cell-free hemoglobin.
PubMed: Survival and growth of Clostridium perfringens in commercial no-nitrate-or-nitrite-added (natural and organic) frankfurters, hams, and bacon.
PubMed: Use of natural antimicrobials to improve the control of Listeria monocytogenes in a cured cooked meat model system.
PubMed: Determining the impact of varying levels of cherry powder and starter culture on quality and sensory attributes of indirectly cured, emulsified cooked sausages.
PubMed: Micronucleus index of rats treated with sodium nitrite can be amplified by sodium chloride.
PubMed: The ensiling capability of a mixture of sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. essential oil against Clostridium perfringens type A inoculated in mortadella-type sausages formulated with different levels of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: L-arginine and L-glutamine as immunonutrients and modulating agents for oxidative stress and toxicity induced by sodium nitrite in rats.
PubMed: Effect of freeze-dried leek powder (FDLP) and nitrite level on processing and quality characteristics of fermented sausages.
PubMed: Application of high pressure processing to reduce verotoxigenic E. coli in two types of dry-fermented sausage.
PubMed: Induction effect of coadministration of soybean isoflavones and sodium nitrite on DNA damage in mouse stomach.
PubMed: Development of a method to manufacture uncured, no-nitrate/nitrite-added whole muscle jerky.
PubMed: Ameliorating effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-supplemented diet against nitrosamine precursors-induced liver injury and oxidative stress in male rats.
PubMed: Garlic oil as a modulating agent for oxidative stress and neurotoxicity induced by sodium nitrite in male albino rats.
PubMed: [Myocardial electrogenesis in laboratory rats under conditions of acute nitrite intoxication].
PubMed: Injection order effects on efficacy of calcium chloride and sodium tripolyphosphate in controlling the pink color defect in uncured, intact turkey breast.
PubMed: Microbial transglutaminase for cold-set binding of unsalted/salted pork models and restructured dry ham.
PubMed: Nitric oxide inhibits the formation of zinc protoporphyrin IX and protoporphyrin IX.
PubMed: Study of the lactic acid bacteria throughout the manufacture of dry-cured lacón (a Spanish traditional meat product). Effect of some additives.
PubMed: Conservation characteristics of wilted perennial ryegrass silage made using biological or chemical additives.
PubMed: Occurrence of microscopic fungi and mycotoxins in conserved high moisture corn from Slovakia.
PubMed: Role of nitrites in the genesis of adenocarcinoma associated with Barrett's esophagus.
PubMed: Solanum nigrum L. extract inhibits 2-acetylaminofluorene-induced hepatocarcinogenesis through overexpression of glutathione S-transferase and antioxidant enzymes.
PubMed: Effects of curing sodium nitrite additive and natural meat fat on growth control of Listeria monocytogenes by the bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus curvatus strain CWBI-B28.
PubMed: Yeast diversity and dynamics in the production processes of Norwegian dry-cured meat products.
PubMed: In vivo evidence of hepato- and reno-protective effect of garlic oil against sodium nitrite-induced oxidative stress.
PubMed: [Functional activity of the rat blood leucocytes during dynamics of nitric hypoxia].
PubMed: Impact of cadaverine in volatile N-nitrosamine formation during the heating of a lean meat model.
PubMed: Effects of green and black tea biocomposites on endogenous synthesis, metabolism and genotoxic effect of carcinogenic N-nitrosodimethylamine.
PubMed: Reactivity of some products formed by the reaction of sorbic acid with sodium nitrite: decomposition of 1,4-dinitro-2-methylpyrrole and ethylnitrolic acid.
PubMed: Combined use of starter cultures and preservatives to control production of biogenic amines and improve sensorial profile in low-acid salami.
PubMed: [Comparative-physiological study of leukocyte participation in initiation of lipid peroxidation during nitrite intoxication in rats and muskrats].
PubMed: Proteolytic and lipolytic modifications during the manufacture of dry-cured lacón, a Spanish traditional meat product: Effect of some additives.
PubMed: Nitrite and nitrate content in meat products and estimated intake in Denmark from 1998 to 2006.
PubMed: Leucopaxillus giganteus mycelium: effect of nitrogen source on organic acids and alkaloids.
PubMed: Interaction of environmental moisture with powdered green tea formulations: effect on catechin chemical stability.
PubMed: A novel small acid soluble protein variant is important for spore resistance of most Clostridium perfringens food poisoning isolates.
PubMed: Effects of commonly used food preservatives on biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans in vitro.
PubMed: Two cases of methemoglobinaemia caused by suspected sodium nitrite poisoning.
PubMed: Methaemoglobinaemia following ingestion of a commonly available food additive.
PubMed: Effect of salt and sodium nitrite on growth and enterotoxin production of Staphylococcus aureus during the production of air-dried fresh pork sausage.
PubMed: Effect of alternative treatments on seed-borne Didymella lycopersici in tomato.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of xanthone on paraquat- and NaNO(2)-induced genotoxicity in cultured cells.
PubMed: Effects of varying levels of vegetable juice powder and incubation time on color, residual nitrate and nitrite, pigment, pH, and trained sensory attributes of ready-to-eat uncured ham.
PubMed: Impact of nitrite on detection of Listeria monocytogenes in selected ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and seafood products.
PubMed: Enhancement of esophageal carcinogenesis in acid reflux model rats treated with ascorbic acid and sodium nitrite in combination with or without initiation.
PubMed: Endogenous formation of N'-nitrosonornicotine in F344 rats in the presence of some antioxidants and grape seed extract.
PubMed: Effect of tomato paste and nitrite level on processing and quality characteristics of frankfurters.
PubMed: [Study of scavenging activity of sorghum pigment to hydroxyl free radicals by fluorimetry].
PubMed: Lipolysis, proteolysis, physicochemical and sensory characteristics of different types of Spanish ostrich salchichon.
PubMed: Gamma study of pH, nitrite, and salt inhibition of Aeromonas hydrophila.
PubMed: Yam bean seed poisoning mimicking cyanide intoxication.
PubMed: Effect of food preservatives on mother rats and survival of their offspring.
PubMed: Determination of neurotoxin gene expression in Clostridium botulinum type A by quantitative RT-PCR.
PubMed: Nitrite anions induce nitrosative deamination of peptides and proteins.
PubMed: Comparative effects of osmotic, sodium nitrite-induced, and pH-induced stress on growth and survival of Clostridium perfringens type A isolates carrying chromosomal or plasmid-borne enterotoxin genes.
PubMed: [Brain cortex oxygen supply in acute nitrite hypoxia in rodents with different ecological specialisation].
PubMed: Deadly meatballs--a near fatal case of methaemoglobinaemia.
PubMed: Further examination of the effects of nitrosylation on Alternaria alternata mycotoxin mutagenicity in vitro.
PubMed: [Oxygen consumption in rat brain tissues in conditions of acute nitrite methemoglobinemia].
PubMed: Two subpopulations of Listeria monocytogenes occur at subinhibitory concentrations of leucocin 4010 and nisin.
PubMed: Effect of immersion solutions containing enterocin AS-48 on Listeria monocytogenes in vegetable foods.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of four food preservatives and their combinations in the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: Modelling the growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides by Artificial Neural Networks.
PubMed: Nitrite poisoning in cats and dogs fed a commercial pet food.
PubMed: Risk assessment of combined photogenotoxic effects of sunlight and food additives.
PubMed: Changes in the mutagenic and estrogenic activities of bisphenol A upon treatment with nitrite.
PubMed: Growth of Listeria monocytogenes on iceberg lettuce and solid media.
PubMed: Determination of diethanolamine in shampoo products containing fatty acid diethanolamides by liquid chromatography with a thermal energy analyzer.
PubMed: Simulation of the effect of sausage ingredients and technology on the functionality of the bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus sakei CTC 494 strain.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia misdiagnosed as ruptured ectopic pregnancy.
PubMed: Effect of leek and onion on processing and quality characteristics of Greek traditional sausages.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of enterocin EJ97 against 'Bacillus macroides/Bacillus maroccanus' isolated from zucchini purée.
PubMed: Evaluation of Staphylococcus aureus growth potential in ham during a slow-cooking process: use of predictions derived from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pathogen Modeling Program 6.1 predictive model and an inoculation study.
PubMed: Performance of response surface and Davey model for prediction of Staphylococcus aureus growth parameters under different experimental conditions.
PubMed: Ionizing radiation and antioxidants affect volatile sulfur compounds, lipid oxidation, and color of ready-to-eat Turkey bologna.
PubMed: Contribution of starter cultures to the proteolytic process of a fermented non-dried whole muscle ham product.
PubMed: Quantitative interaction effects of carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrite on neurotoxin gene expression in nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum type B.
PubMed: The depletion of sodium nitrite by lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi.
PubMed: The antilisterial effect of Leuconostoc carnosum 4010 and leucocins 4010 in the presence of sodium chloride and sodium nitrite examined in a structured gelatin system.
PubMed: Quantification of toxin-encoding mRNA from Clostridium botulinum type E in media containing sorbic acid or sodium nitrite by competitive RT-PCR.
PubMed: Relating induced in situ conditions of raw chicken breast meat to pinking.
PubMed: Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by enterocin EJ97 produced by Enterococcus faecalis EJ97.
PubMed: Nitrite-induced injury of Listeria monocytogenes and the effect of selective versus nonselective recovery procedures on its isolation from frankfurters.
PubMed: The curing agent sodium nitrite, used in the production of fermented sausages, is less inhibiting to the bacteriocin-producing meat starter culture Lactobacillus curvatus LTH 1174 under anaerobic conditions.
PubMed: Evaluation of induced color changes in chicken breast meat during simulation of pink color defect.
PubMed: Exposure of Salmonella Enteritidis to chlorine or food preservatives decreases [corrected] susceptibility to antibiotics.
PubMed: Incidence of Clostridium perfringens in commercially produced cured raw meat product mixtures and behavior in cooked products during chilling and refrigerated storage.
PubMed: Mutagenicity of bisphenol A (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol) in vitro: effects of nitrosylation.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia following unintentional ingestion of sodium nitrite--New York, 2002.
PubMed: Oxidation of quercetin by salivary components. Quercetin-dependent reduction of salivary nitrite under acidic conditions producing nitric oxide.
PubMed: The effect of selected functional additives and heat treatment on nitrosamine content in pasteurized pork ham.
PubMed: Promoting effects of combined antioxidant and sodium nitrite treatment on forestomach carcinogenesis in rats after initiation with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine.
PubMed: The global regulator ArcA controls resistance to reactive nitrogen and oxygen intermediates in Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis.
PubMed: Tumor-promoting effect of GGN-MRP extract from the Maillard reaction products of glucose and glycine in the presence of sodium nitrite in C3H10T1/2 cells.
PubMed: The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) generic model for the production of Thai fermented pork sausage (Nham).
PubMed: Antimutagenic effect of one variety of green pepper (Capsicum spp.) and its possible interference with the nitrosation process.
PubMed: Examination of Alternaria alternata mutagenicity and effects of nitrosylation using the Ames Salmonella test.
PubMed: Formation of N-nitroso-N-methylurea in various samples of smoked/dried fish, fish sauce, seafoods, and ethnic fermented/pickled vegetables following incubation with nitrite under acidic conditions.
PubMed: Nitric oxide donating compounds inhibit HCl-induced gastric mucosal lesions mainly via prostaglandin.
PubMed: The effect of sodium nitrite on some parameters of the immune system.
PubMed: Pre-inoculation enrichment procedure enhances the performance of bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis meat starter culture.
PubMed: The epidemiological enigma of gastric cancer rates in the US: was grandmother's sausage the cause?
PubMed: Determination of benzidine in the food colours tartrazine and sunset yellow FCF, by reduction and derivatization followed by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Characterization of N-(Nitrosomethyl)urea in Nitrosated Fermented Fish Products.
PubMed: Chemopreventive effects of S-methylcysteine on rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by concurrent administration of sodium nitrite and morpholine.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia induced by combined use of sodium nitrate and acetoaminophen.
PubMed: Effect of preservation techniques and food additives on staphylococcal thermonuclease.
PubMed: Cholesterol oxidation in meat products and its regulation by supplementation of sodium nitrite and apple polyphenol before processing.
PubMed: [Effects of sodium nitrite, a NO donor, on activity of neurons in visual and sensorimotor regions of cortex during learning].
PubMed: The fate of added nitrate used in the manufacture of Emmental cheese.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of cooked cured meat pigment (CCMP) and meat emulsion coagulates prepared with CCMP.
PubMed: Minimum sodium nitrite levels for pinking of various cooked meats as related to use of direct or indirect-dried soy isolates in poultry rolls.
PubMed: UV-induced Lactobacillus gasseri mutants resisting sodium chloride and sodium nitrite for meat fermentation.
PubMed: Growth, pigment production and protease activity of Monascus purpureus as affected by salt, sodium nitrite, polyphosphate and various sugars.
PubMed: Speciation of iodide, iodine, and iodate in environmental matrixes by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry using in situ chemical manipulation.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of citrus essential oils and their components on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine.
PubMed: The presence of salt and a curing agent reduces bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus sakei CTC 494, a potential starter culture for sausage fermentation.
PubMed: Characterisation of lactic acid bacteria from spoiled, vacuum-packaged, cold-smoked rainbow trout using ribotyping.
PubMed: Analysis of virulence of clinical isolates of Salmonella enteritidis in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed: The improvement of color and shelf life of ham by gamma irradiation.
PubMed: N-Nitroso compounds in the diet.
PubMed: A model based on absorbance data on the growth rate of Listeria monocytogenes and including the effects of pH, NaCl, Na-lactate and Na-acetate.
PubMed: The spoilage flora of vacuum-packaged, sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate treated, cold-smoked rainbow trout stored at 4 degrees C or 8 degrees C.
PubMed: Acute cyanide toxicity caused by apricot kernel ingestion.
PubMed: Promotional effect of N-nitroso-N-(3-keto-1,2-butanediol)-3'-nitrotyramine (a nitrosated Maillard reaction product) in mouse fibroblast cells.
PubMed: Effect of environmental and substrate factors on survival and growth of Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed: Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during the manufacture of pepperoni.
PubMed: Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef jerky assessed on two plating media.
PubMed: Revised model for aerobic growth of Shigella flexneri to extend the validity of predictions at temperatures between 10 and 19 degrees C.
PubMed: The effect of intrinsic fluoride in cows' milk on in vitro enamel demineralization.
PubMed: Potential effect of sodium nitrite on the expression of nuclear proto-oncogenes during 2-acetyl aminofluorene-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed: Carcinogenicity of methylurea or morpholine in combination with sodium nitrite in rat multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay.
PubMed: Inhibition of pink color development in cooked, uncured ground turkey through the binding of non-pink generating ligands to muscle pigments.
PubMed: Effect of food products on endogenous generation of N-nitrosamines in rats.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite and potassium nitrate in control of nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum outgrowth and toxigenesis in vacuum-packed cold-smoked rainbow trout.
PubMed: Effect of nitrite on blood pressure in anaesthetized and free-moving rats.
PubMed: Lipid peroxidation in linoleic acid micelles caused by H2O2 in the presence of myoglobin.
PubMed: Expanded models for the non-thermal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Faulty sausage production causing methaemoglobinaemia.
PubMed: Nitrate preserved sausage meat causes an unusual food poisoning incident.
PubMed: Predictive modelling of growth of Listeria monocytogenes. The effects on growth of NaCl, pH, storage temperature and NaNO2.
PubMed: Nitrite-induced adrenal effects in rats and the consequences for the no-observed-effect level.
PubMed: N-nitrosodibenzylamine in boneless hams processed in elastic rubber nettings.
PubMed: Reproductive toxicology. Sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Effectiveness of intramuscularly administered cyanide antidotes on methemoglobin formation and survival.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia secondary to cleaning solution ingestion.
PubMed: Thermal resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus spores in different heating systems containing some approved food additives.
PubMed: Model for the survival of Staphylococcus aureus in nongrowth environments.
PubMed: Assessment of food chemical intolerance in adult asthmatic subjects.
PubMed: Gastric carcinogenesis: 2-chloro-4-methylthiobutanoic acid, a novel mutagen in salted, pickled Sanma hiraki fish, or similarly treated methionine.
PubMed: A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and formaldehyde from foods.
PubMed: Mutagenicity of soy sauce treated with nitrite in the presence of ethanol or alcoholic beverages.
PubMed: Acute toxicity of nitrite in juvenile grass carp modified by weight and temperature.
PubMed: Expanded response surface model for predicting the effects of temperatures, pH, sodium chloride contents and sodium nitrite concentrations on the growth rate of Yersinia enterocolitica.
PubMed: Additives in finnish sausges and other meat products.
PubMed: N-Nitroso-N-(3-keto-1,2-butanediol)-3'-nitrotyramine. A new genotoxic agent derived from the reaction of tyrosine and glucose in the presence of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Accidental acute fatal sodium nitrite poisoning.
PubMed: Growth suppression of Listeria monocytogenes in a meat product.
PubMed: Influence of pH, salt and nitrite on the heme-dependent catalase activity of lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed: Kinetic study on the nitrosation of dibenzylamine in a model system.
PubMed: Growth of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packed cooked meats: effects of pH, aw, nitrite and ascorbate.
PubMed: Model for the combined effects of temperature, initial pH, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite concentrations on anaerobic growth of Shigella flexneri.
PubMed: Response surface model of the effect of pH, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite on growth of Yersinia enterocolitica at low temperatures.
PubMed: Expansion of response surface models for the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to include sodium nitrite as a variable.
PubMed: Evaluation of lactic acid bacterium fermentation products and food-grade chemicals to control Listeria monocytogenes in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat.
PubMed: Methemoglobinemia caused by the accidental contamination of drinking water with sodium nitrite.
PubMed: An evaluation of the HemoCue for measuring haemoglobin in field studies in Jamaica.
PubMed: The effects of diacetate with nitrite, lactate, or pediocin on the viability of Listeria monocytogenes in turkey slurries.
PubMed: Construction and comparison of response surface kinetic models for the Yersinia enterocolitica type strain and a food isolate under aerobic conditions.
PubMed: Biochemical characterization of lactobacilli from dry fermented sausages.
PubMed: [Evolution of the microbiological parameters of cured ham].
PubMed: Effect of three preservatives on the growth of Bacillus cereus, Vero cytotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, on plates with gradients of pH and sodium chloride concentration.
PubMed: [Effect of preservatives on survival of Campylobacter jejuni in ground pork meat].
PubMed: Studies on endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds in the guinea pig supplemented with proline or thioproline and sodium nitrate.
PubMed: Inactivation of Yersinia enterocolitica by nitrite and nitrate in food.
PubMed: Proteins and amino acids as scavengers of nitrite: inhibitory effect on the formation of nitrosodimethylamine and diazoquinone.
PubMed: Inhibition of mutagenesis by p-aminobenzoic acid as a nitrite scavenger.
PubMed: The effects of Chinese tea on the occurrence of esophageal tumors induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine in rats.
PubMed: Teas and tea components as inhibitors of carcinogen formation in model systems and man.
PubMed: Determination of total non-sulphonated aromatic amines in soft drinks and hard candies by reduction and derivatization followed by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: The minimum quantity of nitrite required to stain sliced and homogenised cooked pork.
PubMed: Characteristics of some intermediate moisture smoked meats.
PubMed: Testing multiple variables on the growth of a mixed inoculum of Salmonella strains using gradient plates.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite and sodium chloride on growth of lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed: An investigation of the effects of four variables on the growth of Salmonella typhimurium using two types of gradient gel plates.
PubMed: The effects of temperature, pH, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Studies on the mechanism of the toxic action of sodium nitrite on intestinal absorption in rats.
PubMed: The effect of exercise associated with acute poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed: The effect of exercise associated with subchronic poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed: The effect of acute poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed: The effect of subchronic poisoning with potassium nitrate and sodium nitrite on the processes of intestinal absorption of D-xylose in rats.
PubMed: Treatment of cyanide poisoning.
PubMed: [Prevention of in vivo formation of NMBz A and the formation of oesophageal tumour by tea in rats].
PubMed: Cough, exertional, and other miscellaneous headaches.
PubMed: Pharmacotoxicological aspects of nitrate and nitrite in domestic fowls.
PubMed: Determination of total non-sulphonated aromatic amines in tartrazine, sunset yellow FCF and allura red by reduction and derivatization followed by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Excretion and distribution of nitrite-treated or untreated 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid in rats.
PubMed: Cytotoxic and cytostatic effects of arecoline and sodium nitrite on human cells in vitro.
PubMed: Metabolism of 1,4-dinitro-2-methylpyrrole, a mutagen formed by a sorbic acid-nitrite reaction, by intestinal bacteria.
PubMed: Metabolic formation, synthesis and genotoxicity of the N-hydroxy derivative of the food mutagen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo (4,5-b) pyridine (PhIP).
PubMed: [The mutagenic effects of sodium nitrite and monosodium glutamate used as food additives demonstrated by the Salmonella microsome test system].
PubMed: Prevention of tumour production in rats fed aminopyrine plus nitrite by sea buckthorn juice.
PubMed: [Nitrate and nitrite levels in daily food rations of children from the rural Puławy regions].
PubMed: The effect of Chinese tea on the occurrence of esophageal tumors induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine formed in vivo.
PubMed: Nitrates, nitrites and N-nitrosocompounds: a review of the occurrence in food and diet and the toxicological implications.
PubMed: Inhibition by coffee of nitrosourea-mediated DNA damage in mice.
PubMed: Mutagenicity and cytotoxicity of N-nitrosothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid.
PubMed: Methaemoglobinaemia due to accidental sodium nitrite poisoning. Report of 10 cases.
PubMed: [The effect of lysine-enriched bread on the formation of N-nitrosamines from their precursors in the stomach of dogs].
PubMed: Direct sampling gas-liquid chromatographic--mass spectrometric analysis of hexanal from non-nitrite and nitrite-cured bacon during storage.
PubMed: The effect of phosphate, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite, storage temperature and pH on the growth of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in a laboratory medium.
PubMed: Chronic toxicity of sodium nitrite in the male F344 rat.
PubMed: Genotoxicity of nitrosated ranitidine.
PubMed: [Assessment of the degree of carcinogenicity of small doses of nitrites].
PubMed: Chronic toxicity tests of sodium thiocyanate with sodium nitrite in F344 rats.
PubMed: Investigations on N-nitrosopyrrolidine in dry-cured bacon.
PubMed: The inhibition of the growth of Bacillus cereus in liver sausage.
PubMed: Interaction of nitrite with catalase in the perfused rat liver.
PubMed: The inhibitory effect of thioproline on carcinogenesis induced by N-benzylmethylamine and nitrite.
PubMed: Alkylating activity in food products--especially sauerkraut and sour fermented dairy products--after incubation with nitrite under quasi-gastric conditions.
PubMed: Formation of a mutagenic diazoquinone by interaction of phenol with nitrite.
PubMed: Effect of water on nitrosamine formation in fried bacon.
PubMed: Dietary thiocyanate and N-nitrosation in vivo in the Wistar rat.
PubMed: Identification of minor nitrosation products of the alkaloid gramine by mass spectrometry.
PubMed: The effect of incubation time and temperature on growth of Escherichia coli on gradient plates containing sodium chloride and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Pathologic effects of chronic administration of hydrochlorothiazide, with and without sodium nitrite, to F344 rats.
PubMed: Studies in the guinea-pig stomach on the formation of N-nitrosomethylurea, from methylurea and sodium nitrite, and its disappearance.
PubMed: Some N-acyl-D-amino acid derivatives having antibotulinal properties.
PubMed: Circadian monitoring of gastric juice mutagenicity.
PubMed: Mutagens formed from butylated hydroxyanisole treated with nitrite under acidic conditions.
PubMed: Observations of the use of 137caesium radiation to control N-nitrosopyrrolidine formation in bacon.
PubMed: In-vitro and in-vivo formation of N-nitrosomethylcyclohexylamine from bromhexin and sodium nitrite, and DNA methylation in rats.
PubMed: Induction of DNA repair in HeLa S3 carcinoma cells by the N-nitroso derivatives of 1-(N-L-tryptophan)-1-deoxy-D-fructose and 1-(5-hydroxytryptamino)-1-deoxy-D-fructose.
PubMed: [Effect of components of curing mixtures on the antagonistic properties of enterococci and other bacteria isolated from cured meat].
PubMed: [A case of sodium nitrite poisoning].
PubMed: Mutagenicity studies of selected antihistamines, their metabolites and products of nitrosation.
PubMed: [Sanitary bacteriological research on cooked sausages prepared by partial substitution of nitrites with a new dye made from the blood of slaughter animals].
PubMed: Sister chromatid exchange induced by metanil yellow and nitrite singly and in combination in vivo on mice.
PubMed: Formation of triazene from sulphonamide and nitrite in acidic solution.
PubMed: Relation of nitrite concentration to mutagen formation in soy sauce.
PubMed: Effect of N-nitrosothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid on formation of N-nitrosothiazolidine in uncooked bacon.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of products from the nitrosation of the alkaloid gramine.
PubMed: Does exposure to environmental pollutants increase the need for vitamin C?
PubMed: Effects of methyl linoleate hydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide on N-nitrosation of dimethylamine.
PubMed: [Use of a dry protein mixture for the correction of hypoxia caused by sodium nitrite].
PubMed: Effects of sodium nitrite and potassium sorbate on in vitro cultured mammalian cells.
PubMed: [Food inhibitors of the formation of carcinogenic nitroso compounds].
PubMed: Influence of NaCl, NaNO2 and oxygen on the germination and growth of Bacillus licheniformis, a spoilage organism of chub-packed luncheon meat.
PubMed: Heat injury and recovery of Streptococcus faecium associated with the souring of chub-packed luncheon meat.
PubMed: [Mutagenicity of food additive morpholine (fatty acid salt)].
PubMed: Induction of tumours in rats by feeding nitrosatable amines together with sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Primary mutagenicity screening of food additives currently used in Japan.
PubMed: Comparison of three methods for determination of N-nitrosopyrrolidine in fried dry-cured bacon.
PubMed: Developmental toxicity and psychotoxicity of sodium nitrite in rats.
PubMed: Chromosomal aberrations induced by sodium nitrite in bone marrow of adult rats and liver cells of transplacentally exposed embryos.
PubMed: Amadori- and N-nitroso-Amadori compounds and their pyrolysis products. Chemical, analytical and biological aspects.
PubMed: Possible mutagenic constituents in nitrite-treated soy sauce.
PubMed: [Mechanism of the formation of nitrosyl complexes of non-heme iron in animal tissues in vivo].
PubMed: Mutagenic activity of a nitrosated early Maillard product: DNA synthesis (DNA repair) induced in HeLa S3 carcinoma cells by nitrosated 1-(N-L-tryptophan)-1-deoxy-D-fructose.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite on aflatoxin production in pork sausage at different temperatures and the effect of nitrite on growth of Aspergillus parasiticus in culture.
PubMed: Altered incidences of hepatic and hemopoietic neoplasms in F344 rats fed sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Teratogenic effect of extended administration of N-nitrosoethylurea and ethylurea/nitrite in rats.
PubMed: Survival in foods of Staphylococcus aureus grown under optimal and stressed conditions and the effect of some food preservatives.
PubMed: Nitrate and nitrite contents in Cuban cheese of the Gouda type.
PubMed: [Experience in pair-feeding of rats treated with nitrate or sodium nitrite].
PubMed: Estimation of the daily intake of nitrates and nitrites which children one to six years old, who attend State Nurseries in the City of Havanna, may consume.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of phenolics, teas and saliva on the formation of mutagenic nitrosation products of salted fish.
PubMed: The inhibitory effect of whole and deproteinized saliva on mutagenicity and clastogenicity resulting from a model nitrosation reaction.
PubMed: Reduction of teratogenic effects of ethylenethiourea in rats by interaction with sodium nitrite in vivo.
PubMed: Mutagenicity of the products obtained from heated milk systems.
PubMed: Nitrite poisoning caused by food contaminated with cooling fluid.
PubMed: [Physical and chemical effect of reducing histamine levels in the meat of mackerel-type fish and its application in the manufacture of fish products].
PubMed: Carcinogenicity studies of sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate in F-344 rats.
PubMed: Inhibition by an antioxidant of the carcinogenic effect of nitrosomorpholine formed in vivo.
PubMed: Nitrite, nitrite alternatives, and the control of Clostridium botulinum in cured meats.
PubMed: Alkylating activity of processed fish products treated with sodium nitrite in simulated gastric juice.
PubMed: Evaluation of the mutagenicity of sorbic acid-sodium nitrite reaction products.
PubMed: Accidental poisoning of two laboratory technologists with sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Chemical aspects of mutagen formation by sorbic acid-sodium nitrite reaction.
PubMed: Influence of sodium nitrite, temperature, and lactic acid bacteria on the growth of Brochothrix thermosphacta under anaerobic conditions.
PubMed: Nitrite safe?
PubMed: Liver tumors induced in rats by oral administration of the antihistaminic methapyrilene hydrochloride.
PubMed: Relationship between the increased sensitivity of heat injured Clostridium perfringens spores to surface active antibiotics and to sodium chloride and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Desmutagenic actions of ascorbic acid and cysteine on a new pyrrole mutagen formed by the reaction between food additives; sorbic acid and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Evaluation of the mutagenicity of sorbic acid-sodium nitrite reaction products produced in bacon-curing brines.
PubMed: Antibotulinal efficacy of sulfur dioxide in meat.
PubMed: [Possibility of endogenous dimethylnitrosamine synthesis in rats administered dimethylamine and nitrite with the food].
PubMed: Tumours induced in Fischer 344 rats by the feeding of disulfiram together with sodium nitrite.
PubMed: The occurrence and significance of Pseudomonas in Wiltshire bacon brines.
PubMed: Daily dietary intakes of nitrate, nitrite and volative N-nitrosamines in the Netherlands using the duplicate portion sampling technique.
PubMed: [Role of sodium nitrite in histamine urticaria of dietary origin].
PubMed: [Blockade of nitrogen oxide and nitrites by various substances].
PubMed: A survey of feeding N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) to domestic animals over an 18 year period.
PubMed: Model system studies on N-nitrosamine formation in relation to cured meat: the non-polar phase and S-nitroso peptides.
PubMed: Dietary and other factors affecting nitrosomethylurea (NMU) formation in the rat stomach.
PubMed: Formation of N-nitrosamine and N-nitrosamino acids from food products and nitrite under simulated gastric conditions.
PubMed: Use of nitrates and nitrites as food additives in Nordic countries.
PubMed: Significance of in vivo formation of N-nitroso compounds.
PubMed: Effects of biotin, with or without sodium nitrite, on weight, food and fluid intake, and on methemoglobin, lactate and lipids in the blood of rats.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite on the bioavailability of meat iron for the anemic rat.
PubMed: [Formation of the carcinogen N-nitrosocarbaryl by interaction of the insecticide carbaryl (N-methyl-l-naphthyl carbamate) and sodium nitrite in rat gastric juice].
PubMed: Heat inactivation of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex organisms in meat products.
PubMed: Effect of processing variables on the outgrowth of Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 spores in comminuted meat cured with sorbic acid and sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Nitrite promotes lymphoma incidence in rats.
PubMed: Sodium nitrite and sorbic acid effects on Clostridium botulinum spore germination and total microbial growth in chicken frankfurter emulsions during temperature abuse.
PubMed: Redox potential-dependent nitrite metabolism by Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed: A new N-nitroso compound, N-3-methylbutyl-N-1-methylacetonylnitrosamine, in corn-bread inoculated with fungi.
PubMed: Chronic toxicity of sodium nitrite in mice, with reference to its tumorigenicity.
PubMed: Formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds in corn-bread inoculated with fungi.
PubMed: Iron and the antibotulinal efficacy of nitrite.
PubMed: Effect of maternally administered sodium nitrite on hepatic erythropoiesis in fetal CD-1 mice.
PubMed: Improved colorimetric method for determining nitrate and nitrate in foods.
PubMed: Determination of nitrite at low level without prior extraction.
PubMed: Inhibition of corrosion during autoclave sterilization of carbon steel dental instruments.
PubMed: System for evaluating clostridial inhibition in cured meat products.
PubMed: Causes of variation in botulinal inhibition in perishable canned cured meat.
PubMed: [Volatile matters in oral cavity (1)--determination of alcohol and acetone in saliva].
PubMed: Effects of sodium nitrite on DRL performance in the rat.
PubMed: Effects of imipramine, nitrite, and dimethylnitrosamine on reproduction in mice.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite, carbon monoxide, and reduced food supply on unilateral ovarian compensatory hypertrophy in the rat.
PubMed: Formation of methylnitrosocyanamide from methylguanidine and sodium nitrite in acidic solution.
PubMed: The intake of nitrate, nitrite and volatile N-nitrosamines and the occurrence of volatile N-nitrosamines in human urine and veal calves.
PubMed: Studies related to nitrosamide formation: nitrosation in solvent: water and solvent systems, nitrosomethylurea formation in the rat stomach and analysis of a fish product for ureas.
PubMed: Enhancing nitrite inhibition of Clostridium botulinum with isoascorbate in perishable canned cured meat.
PubMed: [Food additives and their possible genetic toxicity; microbiological determination].
PubMed: [Mass food poisoning with sodium nitrite].
PubMed: Toxic synergism of methylmercury with sodium nitrite and ethylurea on reproduction and survival of progeny in rats.
PubMed: Chromosome tests with 134 compounds on Chinese hamster cells in vitro--a screening for chemical carcinogens.
PubMed: [Lack of a cancerogenic effect after application of amines and amides together with nitrite in rabbits (author's transl)].
PubMed: [Induction of tumours by different endogenously formed N-nitroso-ureas in the hooded rat (author's transl)].
PubMed: Effect of sodium ascorbate on tumor induction in rats treated with morpholine and sodium nitrite, and with nitrosomorpholine.
PubMed: Nitrite in meat products determined by fluorescence quenching of p-aminobenzoate ion.
PubMed: [Methemoglobinemias caused by ingestion of nitrites and nitrates].
PubMed: [Residual nitrite and nitrate content in French cooked hams and shoulders].
PubMed: Dose-response study of the carcinogenicity of dietary sodium nitrite and morpholine in rats and hamsters.
PubMed: Effect of nitrite and erythorbate on growth of Bacillus cereus in cooked sausage and in laboratory media.
PubMed: Nutrition and experimental carcinogenesis: a review.
PubMed: Growth of Staphylococcus and Salmonella on frankfurters with and without sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Absence of nitroso formation from (14C) methomyl and sodium nitrite under simulated stomach conditions.
PubMed: Fluorometric determination of nitrite in cured meats.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite on toxin production by Clostridium botulinum in bacon.
PubMed: Inhibition of mouse-liver microsomal enzyme function after oral administration of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Effect of sodium ascorbate and sodium nitrite on toxin formation of Clostridium botulinum in wieners.
PubMed: Effect of pH, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrite on enterotoxin A production.
PubMed: Effect of sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate on botulinal toxin production and nitrosamine formation in wieners.
PubMed: Effect of nitrite and nitrate on toxin production by Clostridium botulinum and on nitrosamine formation in perishable canned comminuted cured meat.
PubMed: Long-term experiment with canned meat treated with sodium nitrite and glucono-delta-lactone in rats.
PubMed: Growth from spores of Clostridium perfringens in the presence of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Aflatoxin production in meats. II. Aged dry salamis and aged country cured hams.
PubMed: [A new fluorometric analysis of dulcin using sodium nitrite. I. Establishment of quantitative method and its application to food analysis].
PubMed: [Possible reduction of sodium nitrite added to sausages prepared from subproducts].
PubMed: Role of curing agents in the preservation of shelf-stable canned meat products.
PubMed: CHEMICAL SENSITIZATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM SPORES TO RADIATION IN MEAT.
PubMed: Secondary methemoglobinemia due to the adulteration of fish with sodium nitrite.
PubMed: [Poisoning by pure sodium nitrite and exploratory nitrite determination at the sick bed].
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