sodium polyacrylate
polyacrylic acid, sodium salt
 
Notes:
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
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sodium;prop-2-enoate (Click)
CAS Number: 9003-04-7Picture of molecule
Other: 100359-37-3
FDA UNII: 7C98FKB43H
Nikkaji Web: J107.533K
MDL: MFCD00147949
Formula: (C3 H4 O2)x-.x-Na
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: control mineral scale during the evaporation of beet sugar juice or cane sugar juice
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Pubchem Patents: Search
FDA Mainterm: POLYACRYLIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.310 Boiler water additives.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart A--Polymer Substances and Polymer Adjuvants for Food Treatment
Sec. 173.73 Sodium polyacrylate.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.200 Defoaming agents used in coatings.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: absorbents
binding agents
emollients
emulsion stabilisers
film formers
hair fixing agents
skin conditioning
viscosity controlling agents
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Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Polyacrylate(PAAS) 95%
Connect Chemicals
Con WTP 1000
Odor: characteristic
Use: Con WTP 1000 is a pure acrylic acid homopolymer with a low molecular weight (2000 g/mol) from our new range of deposition control agents and dispersing agents. It can be used in all aspects of modern, all-organic water treatment applications.
Connect Chemicals
Con WTP 1100
Odor: characteristic
Use: Con WTP 1100 is a pure acrylic acid homopolymer with a medium molecular weight from our new range of deposition control agents and dispersing agents. It can be used in all aspects of modern, all-organic water treatment applications.
Kingyoung Bio Technical
Sodium Polyacrylate
Kowa Amerian Corporation
Aronvis AH-105X
Odor: characteristic
Use: Aronvis AH-105X is used as a Gelling agent for pharmaceuticals or cosmetics. It has the ability to absorb as much as 200 to 300 times its mass in water.
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Sodium Polyacrylate
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Poly(acrylic acid sodium salt) average Mw ∼5,100 by GPC, powder
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 40000 mg/kg
Proceedings of the Scientific Section of the Toilet Goods Association. Vol. 20, Pg. 16, 1953.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: control mineral scale during the evaporation of beet sugar juice or cane sugar juice
Recommendation for sodium polyacrylate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for sodium polyacrylate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to a 16th list of substances for food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety evaluation of the active substance, polyacrylic acid, sodium salt, crosslinked, for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the substances, kaolin and polyacrylic acid, sodium salt, for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on safety assessment of the active substance, polyacrylic acid, sodium salt, crosslinked, for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on safety assessment of the active substance, polyacrylic acid, sodium salt crosslinked, for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Safety assessment of the active substance polyacrylic acid, sodium salt, cross-linked, for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Safety assessment of the active substance polyacrylic acid, sodium salt, cross-linked, for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9003-04-7
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 4068533
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 sodium;prop-2-enoate
Chemidplus: 0007446813
RTECS: 9003-04-7
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References:
 sodium;prop-2-enoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9003-04-7
Pubchem (cid): 4068533
Pubchem (sid): 134988845
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C19501
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31647
FooDB: FDB010091
Export Tariff Code: 3906.90.5000
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 viscosity controlling agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 poly(acrylic acid sodium salt)
 polyacrylic acid sodium salt
 polyacrylic acid, sodium salt
 propenoic acid sodium carbonate polymer
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Articles:
PubMed: Bio-inspired self-cleaning PAAS hydrogel released coating for marine antifouling.
PubMed: NMR Water Self-Diffusion and Relaxation Studies on Sodium Polyacrylate Solutions and Gels in Physiologic Ionic Solutions.
PubMed: In vitro studies on the beneficial effect of a hydrokinetic fiber dressing on wound healing by reduction of protease activity.
PubMed: Application of poly (ethyleneimine) solution as a binding agent in DGT technique for measurement of heavy metals in water.
PubMed: Surfactant size effect on surface-enhanced Raman scattering intensity from silver nanoparticles.
PubMed: Stacking faults enriched silver nanowires: facile synthesis, catalysis and SERS investigations.
PubMed: Improving of red colorants production by a new Penicillium purpurogenum strain in submerged culture and the effect of different parameters in their stability.
PubMed: Effects of sodium polyacrylate on water retention and infiltration capacity of a sandy soil.
PubMed: [Predicting the cadmium bioavailability in the soil of sugarcane field based on the diffusive gradients in thin films with binding phase of sodium polyacrylate].
PubMed: Recovery of nickel from aqueous solutions by complexation-ultrafiltration process with sodium polyacrylate and polyethylenimine.
PubMed: Observation of microstructural changes in polymer-coated Kompeito-type platinum particles by in situ heating TEM.
PubMed: Interactions of cellulose-based comb polyelectrolyte with oppositely charged surfactant dodecyl-trimethylammonium bromide.
PubMed: Hydrogen bond network relaxation in aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions: the effect of temperature.
PubMed: Influence of amendments on soil arsenic fractionation and phytoavailability by Pteris vittata L.
PubMed: Impact of sodium polyacrylate on the amorphous calcium carbonate formation from supersaturated solution.
PubMed: Short time spreading and wetting of offset printing liquids on model calcium carbonate coating structures.
PubMed: Single kaolinite nanometer layers prepared by an in situ polymerization-exfoliation process in the presence of ionic liquids.
PubMed: Pattern formation in the iodate-sulfite-thiosulfate reaction-diffusion system.
PubMed: Impact of Ni(OH)(2) platelike particles on lamellar surfactant mesophases and the orientation of their mixtures under elongational flow.
PubMed: Solidifying agent and processing of blood used for the larval diet affect screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) life-history parameters.
PubMed: Microstructure of polyelectrolyte nanoaggregates studied by fluorescence probe method.
PubMed: Measurement of respirable superabsorbent polyacrylate (SAP) dust by ethanol derivatization using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detection.
PubMed: Novel hydrogel-based preparation-free EEG electrode.
PubMed: [Optimization of cataplasm matrix with face-centered design-response surface method].
PubMed: Adsorption of sodium polyacrylate in high solids loading calcium carbonate slurries.
PubMed: Delivery of fullerene-containing complexes via microgel swelling and shear-induced release.
PubMed: Sodium polyacrylate as a binding agent in diffusive gradients in thin-films technique for the measurement of Cu2+ and Cd2+ in waters.
PubMed: Nickel adsorption by sodium polyacrylate-grafted activated carbon.
PubMed: Novel chronotherapeutic rectal aminophylline delivery system for therapy of asthma.
PubMed: Clay-polymer nanocomposite material from the delamination of kaolinite in the presence of sodium polyacrylate.
PubMed: Nanostructures formed by self-assembly of negatively charged polymer and cationic surfactants.
PubMed: Nanoparticles of cationic chimeric peptide and sodium polyacrylate exhibit striking antinociception activity at lower dose.
PubMed: Electrochemistry and electrocatalysis with myoglobin in biomembrane-like surfactant-polymer 2C12N+PA- composite films.
PubMed: Spiral pattern in a radial displacement involving a reaction-producing gel.
PubMed: The calcite/water interface II. Effect of added lattice ions on the charge properties and adsorption of sodium polyacrylate.
PubMed: Protein partitioning in poly(ethylene glycol)/sodium polyacrylate aqueous two-phase systems.
PubMed: Probing the extent of the Sr2+ ion condensation to anionic polyacrylate coils: a quantitative anomalous small-angle x-ray scattering study.
PubMed: Determination of impurities in magnesium niobate by slurry introduction axially viewed inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry.
PubMed: Temperature-induced collapse of alkaline Earth cation-polyacrylate anion complexes.
PubMed: Control of the morphology and particle size of boehmite nanoparticles synthesized under hydrothermal conditions.
PubMed: Deswelling kinetics of polyacrylate gels in solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide.
PubMed: The calcite/water interface I. Surface charge in indifferent electrolyte media and the influence of low-molecular-weight polyelectrolyte.
PubMed: Sodium polyacrylate adsorption onto anionic and cationic silica in the presence of salts.
PubMed: Bioactive glass as precursor of designed-architecture scaffolds for tissue engineering.
PubMed: Salt effect on the interactions between gemini surfactant and oppositely charged polyelectrolyte in aqueous solution.
PubMed: [Evaluation of the sanitary-and-epidemiological safety of flocculating agents used for portable water purification].
PubMed: In situ investigation of complex BaSO4 fiber generation in the presence of sodium polyacrylate. 2. Crystallization mechanisms.
PubMed: In situ investigation of complex BaSO4 fiber generation in the presence of sodium polyacrylate. 1. Kinetics and solution analysis.
PubMed: Interactions between gemini surfactant alkanediyl-alpha,omega-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromide) and polyelectrolyte NaPAA.
PubMed: Polyethylene glycol, unique among laxatives, suppresses aberrant crypt foci, by elimination of cells.
PubMed: Raman spectroscopic study of the structure of water in aqueous solutions of amphoteric polymers.
PubMed: Phase behavior of gemini surfactant hexylene-1,6-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromide) and polyelectrolyte NaPAA.
PubMed: Ion-exchange controls the kinetics of deswelling of polyelectrolyte microgels in solutions of oppositely charged surfactant.
PubMed: Aspects on the interaction between sodium carboxymethylcellulose and calcium carbonate and the relationship to specific site adsorption.
PubMed: Particulate hematite diffusion in sodium polyacrylate solutions. The effect of ionic strength.
PubMed: The effect of pretreatment of calcite dispersions with anionic sodium polyacrylate on their flocculation behavior induced by cationic starch.
PubMed: Kinetics of shear-induced gel deswelling/solvent release.
PubMed: Influence of sodium polyacrylate on the rheology of aqueous Laponite dispersions.
PubMed: Complexation of anionic polyelectrolytes with cationic liposomes: evidence of reentrant condensation and lipoplex formation.
PubMed: Water relations of the pine exine.
PubMed: Infrared study of the interaction of charged silica particles with TiO2 particles containing adsorbed cationic and anionic polyelectrolytes.
PubMed: [A procedure for determination of the content of sodium polyacrylate in aqueous extracts].
PubMed: "Like-charge attraction" between anionic polyelectrolytes: molecular dynamics simulations.
PubMed: Interaction of sodium polyacrylate adsorbed on TiO2 with cationic and anionic surfactants.
PubMed: Influence of dispersing agents and solution conditions on the solubility of crude kaolin.
PubMed: Hydrogel patches containing triclosan for acne treatment.
PubMed: Recycled paper products as substitutes for gelling agent in screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larval diet.
PubMed: Alpha-tricalcium phosphate hydrolysis to octacalcium phosphate: effect of sodium polyacrylate.
PubMed: Simultaneous optimization of percutaneous delivery and adhesion for ketoprofen poultice.
PubMed: Biomimetic growth of hydroxyapatite on gelatin films doped with sodium polyacrylate.
PubMed: Osmotic swelling of polyacrylate hydrogels in physiological salt solutions.
PubMed: Sodium polyacrylate potentiates the anti-adhesion effect of a cellulose-derived polymer.
PubMed: Single-dose oral toxicity study of a cross-linked sodium polyacrylate/polyvinyl alcohol copolymer in chickens (Gallus domesticus).
PubMed: Disposition of radiolabeled FAVOR PAC in rats.
PubMed: Mutagenicity studies of FAVOR PAC.
PubMed: Short-term oral toxicity study of FAVOR PAC in rats.
PubMed: Effect of sodium polyacrylate on the hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate.
PubMed: Influence of polymeric additives on the mechanical properties of alpha-tricalcium phosphate cement.
PubMed: Deoxycholate-hydrogels: novel drug carrier systems for topical use.
PubMed: Development of a simple dry eye model in the albino rabbit and evaluation of some tear substitutes.
PubMed: Absorption of Polyelectrolytes on Colloidal Surfaces as Studied by Electrophoretic and Dynamic Light-Scattering Techniques.
PubMed: Antibiotic pasting for foul putrefactive cancers.
PubMed: Adsorption of low-molecular-weight sodium polyacrylate on hydroxyapatite.
PubMed: [Preoperative treatment of esophageal cancer with oral peplomycin jelly].
PubMed: Characterization of toxicity involving haemorrhage and cardiovascular failure, caused by parenteral administration of a soluble polyacrylate in the rat.
PubMed: Use of oral sodium polyacrylate in rat gastrointestinal alkali burns.
PubMed: [Oral administration of oil bleomycin combined with sodium polyacrylate for the treatment of esophageal cancer].
PubMed: Effects of sodium polyacrylate (PANa) on acute esophagitis by gastric juice in rats.
PubMed: Experimental studies of reflux esophagitis following total gastrectomy in rats-pathogenesis and treatment.
PubMed: Prevention of gastric ulcers in swine by feeding of sodium polyacrylate.
PubMed: Effect of sodium polyacrylate on chronic reflux esophagitis in rats.
PubMed: Protective effect of sodium polyacrylate on induced duodenal ulceration in guinea pigs.
PubMed: [Physicochemical studies on the sedimentation state of suspension particles. VI. On the effect of sodium polyacrylate on the aggregation and sedimentation state of griseofulvin and calcium carbonate (author's transl)].
PubMed: [Physicochemical studies on the sedimentation state of suspension particles. III. Studies on the effect of sodium polyacrylate on the sedimentation state of pyrimidine penicilllin G (author's transl)].
PubMed: Antiulcerogenic property of sodium polyacrylate on experimental ulcerations in rats.
PubMed: Heats of dilution of polyacrylic acid at various degrees of ionization.
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