alabama blue clay
None found
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dialuminum;dioxosilane;oxygen(2-);hydrate (Click)
CAS Number: 1318-93-0Picture of molecule
Other: 111744-70-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 215-288-5
MDL: MFCD00132796
Molecular Weight: 282.21177720
Formula: Al2 O9 Si3
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: cosmetic agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: absorbents
bulking agents
emulsion stabilisers
stabilising agents
viscosity controlling agents
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BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Montmorillonite 95%
Liberty Natural Products
Liberty Natural Products
Liberty Natural Products
Liberty Natural Products
Liberty Natural Products
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Montmorillonite K 10, powder
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic agents
Recommendation for montmorillonite usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for montmorillonite flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of Friedland clay (montmorillonite–illite mixed layer clay) when used as technological additive for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Safety assessment of the substance montmorillonite clay modified by dimethyldialkyl(C16-C18)ammonium chloride for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of a natural mixture of illite, montmorillonite and kaolinite (Argile Verte du Velay) as a feed additive for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of natural mixture of illite, montmorillonite and kaolinite for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 71586775
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
Chemidplus: 0001318930
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NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 71586775
Pubchem (sid): 135345434
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
Export Tariff Code: 2508.40.0050
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
 emulsion stabilisers 
 viscosity controlling agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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 alabama blue clay
 albagen 4439
 furonaito 101
 galleonite 136
 gelwhite H
 gelwhite L
 imvite E
 imvite K
 kunipia G
 montmorillonite (AlH(SiO3)2)
 montmorillonite (HAlSi2O6)
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PubMed: Physio-mechanical properties of an active chitosan film incorporated with montmorillonite and natural antioxidants extracted from pomegranate rind.
PubMed: Toxicological evaluation of clay minerals and derived nanocomposites: A review.
PubMed: Investigation on sodium benzoate release from poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)/organoclay/sodium benzoate based nanocomposite film and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Filtration of triazine herbicides by polymer-clay sorbents: Coupling an experimental mechanistic approach with empirical modeling.
PubMed: Controlling effective aspect ratio and packing of clay with pH for improved gas barrier in nanobrick wall thin films.
PubMed: Highly-sensitive and rapid determination of sunset yellow using functionalized montmorillonite-modified electrode.
PubMed: Effects of montmorillonite addition on the performance of starch-based wood adhesive.
PubMed: Release of nanoclay and surfactant from polymer-clay nanocomposites into a food simulant.
PubMed: In-vivo study of genotoxic and inflammatory effects of the organo-modified Montmorillonite Cloisite® 30B.
PubMed: Toxicity induced by F. poae-contaminated feed and the protective effect of Montmorillonite supplementation in broilers.
PubMed: Integrating petrography, mineralogy and hydrochemistry to constrain the influence and distribution of groundwater contributions to baseflow in poorly productive aquifers: insights from Gortinlieve catchment, Co. Donegal, NW Ireland.
PubMed: Short-term safety and efficacy of calcium montmorillonite clay (UPSN) in children.
PubMed: Development of chitosan/montmorillonite nanocomposites with encapsulated α-tocopherol.
PubMed: Development of novel nano-biocomposite antioxidant films based on poly (lactic acid) and thymol for active packaging.
PubMed: In vivo toxicity evaluation of the migration extract of an organomodified clay-poly(lactic) acid nanocomposite.
PubMed: Characterization of nanobiocomposite kappa-carrageenan film with Zataria multiflora essential oil and nanoclay.
PubMed: The improvement of characteristics of biodegradable films made from kefiran-whey protein by nanoparticle incorporation.
PubMed: Automated high-pressure titration system with in situ infrared spectroscopic detection.
PubMed: Preparation, characterization, mechanical and barrier properties investigation of chitosan-clay nanocomposites.
PubMed: Simple and novel electrochemical sensor for the determination of tetracycline based on iron/zinc cations-exchanged montmorillonite catalyst.
PubMed: Characterization of poly(ε-caprolactone)-based nanocomposites containing hydroxytyrosol for active food packaging.
PubMed: MMT-supported Ag nanoparticles for chitosan nanocomposites: structural properties and antibacterial activity.
PubMed: A novel polymer based on MtCu2+/cellulose acetate with antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Effect of dinitolmide intercalated into Montmorillonite on E. tenella infection in chickens.
PubMed: Synthesis and synergistic, additive inhibitory effects of novel spiro derivatives against ringworm infections.
PubMed: Use of nanoclay platelets in food packaging materials: technical and cytotoxicity approach.
PubMed: Common African cooking processes do not affect the aflatoxin binding efficacy of refined calcium montmorillonite clay.
PubMed: Detection and quantification of montmorillonite nanoclay in water-ethanol solutions by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry.
PubMed: Effects of suspended common-scale and nanoscale particles on the survival, growth and reproduction of Daphnia magna.
PubMed: Toxic effects of a modified montmorillonite clay on the human intestinal cell line Caco-2.
PubMed: Nanocomposite PAAm/methyl cellulose/montmorillonite hydrogel: evidence of synergistic effects for the slow release of fertilizers.
PubMed: Transport of silver nanoparticles in saturated columns of natural soils.
PubMed: Selective removal and inactivation of bacteria by nanoparticle composites prepared by surface modification of montmorillonite with quaternary ammonium compounds.
PubMed: Reduction in the urinary aflatoxin M1 biomarker as an early indicator of the efficacy of dietary interventions to reduce exposure to aflatoxins.
PubMed: Effect of clay concentration on morphology and properties of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose films.
PubMed: Organically modified clays as binders of fumonisins in feedstocks.
PubMed: Oxygen barrier of multilayer thin films comprised of polysaccharides and clay.
PubMed: In vitro toxicological assessment of clays for their use in food packaging applications.
PubMed: Effect of monogastric and ruminant gastrointestinal conditions on in vitro aflatoxin B₁ adsorption ability by a montmorillonite.
PubMed: Alginate/quaternized carboxymethyl chitosan/clay nanocomposite microspheres: preparation and drug-controlled release behavior.
PubMed: Structure modification of montmorillonite nanoclay by surface coating with soy protein.
PubMed: Modified hydra bioassay to evaluate the toxicity of multiple mycotoxins and predict the detoxification efficacy of a clay-based sorbent.
PubMed: Effect of adding a mycotoxin-sequestering agent on milk aflatoxin M₁ concentration and the performance and immune response of dairy cattle fed an aflatoxin B₁-contaminated diet.
PubMed: Ultrasound-assisted pullulan/montmorillonite bionanocomposite coating with high oxygen barrier properties.
PubMed: Urea-montmorillonite-extruded nanocomposites: a novel slow-release material.
PubMed: Synthesis and fungicidal activity of novel 3-(substituted/unsubstituted phenylselenonyl)-1-ribosyl/deoxyribosyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole.
PubMed: Interaction of Lactobacillus plantarum MON03 with Tunisian montmorillonite clay and ability of the composite to immobilize Zearalenone in vitro and counteract immunotoxicity in vivo.
PubMed: Effect of humic acid on pyrene removal from water by polycation-clay mineral composites and activated carbon.
PubMed: Bismuth nitrate-induced microwave-assisted expeditious synthesis of vanillin from curcumin.
PubMed: Total allowable concentrations of monomeric inorganic aluminum and hydrated aluminum silicates in drinking water.
PubMed: Water vapor adsorption isotherms of agar-based nanocomposite films.
PubMed: Preparation and properties of polypropylene/clay nanocomposites for food packaging.
PubMed: Clay-chitosan nanobrick walls: completely renewable gas barrier and flame-retardant nanocoatings.
PubMed: Calcium montmorillonite clay reduces urinary biomarkers of fumonisin B₁ exposure in rats and humans.
PubMed: Montmorillonite intercalated with glutathione for antioxidant delivery: synthesis, characterization, and bioavailability evaluation.
PubMed: Transparent films based on PLA and montmorillonite with tunable oxygen barrier properties.
PubMed: Structure and physical properties of starch/poly vinyl alcohol/laponite RD nanocomposite films.
PubMed: Assessing tungsten transport in the vadose zone: from dissolution studies to soil columns.
PubMed: Aflatoxin toxicity reduction in feed by enhanced binding to surface-modified clay additives.
PubMed: Bio-based nanocomposite coating to preserve quality of Fior di latte cheese.
PubMed: Comparative sorption and leaching study of the herbicides fluometuron and 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) in a soil amended with biochars and other sorbents.
PubMed: Structure and physical properties of starch/poly vinyl alcohol/sodium montmorillonite nanocomposite films.
PubMed: Antimicrobial silver-montmorillonite nanoparticles to prolong the shelf life of fresh fruit salad.
PubMed: Zearalenone removal in synthetic media and aqueous part of canned corn by montmorillonite K10 and pillared montmorillonite K10.
PubMed: Thermal and rheological properties of L-polylactide/polyethylene glycol/silicate nanocomposites films.
PubMed: Agar hydrogel with silver nanoparticles to prolong the shelf life of Fior di Latte cheese.
PubMed: Direct probing of the folding/unfolding event of bovine hemoglobin at montmorillonite clay modified electrode by adsorptive-transfer voltammetry.
PubMed: Active systems based on silver-montmorillonite nanoparticles embedded into bio-based polymer matrices for packaging applications.
PubMed: Bioavailability of organoclay formulations of atrazine in soil.
PubMed: Applying zeta potential measurements to characterize the adsorption on montmorillonite of organic cations as monomers, micelles, or polymers.
PubMed: The effects of continuous and pulsed exposures of suspended clay on the survival, growth, and reproduction of Daphnia magna.
PubMed: Direct electrochemical determination of methyl jasmonate in wheat spikelet at a nano-montmorillonite film modified electrode by derivative square wave voltammetry.
PubMed: Selenium removal from drinking water by adsorption to chitosan-clay composites and oxides: batch and columns tests.
PubMed: Effect of type and content of modified montmorillonite on the structure and properties of bio-nanocomposite films based on soy protein isolate and montmorillonite.
PubMed: Organoclays as soil amendments to increase the efficacy and reduce the environmental impact of the herbicide fluometuron in agricultural soils.
PubMed: Rheological and thermal properties of polylactide/silicate nanocomposites films.
PubMed: Review: nanocomposites in food packaging.
PubMed: Adsorption and oxidative transformation of phenolic acids By Fe(III)-montmorillonite.
PubMed: Genotoxicity of unmodified and organo-modified montmorillonite.
PubMed: Combining asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation with light-scattering and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric detection for characterization of nanoclay used in biopolymer nanocomposites.
PubMed: Physicochemical properties of starch-CMC-nanoclay biodegradable films.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of organically modified nano-clays.
PubMed: Atrazine removal from water by polycation-clay composites: effect of dissolved organic matter and comparison to activated carbon.
PubMed: Adsorption effect on the degradation of carbaryl, mecoprop, and paraquat by anodic fenton treatment in an SWy-2 montmorillonite clay slurry.
PubMed: Environmentally friendly formulations of alachlor and atrazine: preparation, characterization, and reduced leaching.
PubMed: Herbicide solubilization in micelle-clay composites as a basis for controlled release sulfentrazone and metolachlor formulations.
PubMed: Characterizing and designing polycation-clay nanocomposites as a basis for imazapyr controlled release formulations.
PubMed: Reduction of ochratoxin a levels in red wine by bentonite, modified bentonites, and chitosan.
PubMed: Effect of soil moisture on the release of alachlor from alginate-based controlled-release formulations.
PubMed: Sorption of chlorpyrifos to selected minerals and the effect of humic acid.
PubMed: Selective modification of clay minerals for the adsorption of herbicides widely used in olive groves.
PubMed: Zinc transformations in neutral soil and zinc efficiency in maize fertilization.
PubMed: Montmorillonite ameliorates hyperthyroidism of rats and mice attributed to its adsorptive effect.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of chitosan-based nanocomposite films with antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Water remediation by micelle-clay system: case study for tetracycline and sulfonamide antibiotics.
PubMed: Thermospectroscopic study of the adsorption mechanism of the hydroxamic siderophore ferrioxamine B by calcium montmorillonite.
PubMed: Properties of aged montmorillonite-wheat gluten composite films.
PubMed: Inter-laboratory comparison of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in bleaching earth used in the refinement of edible oils.
PubMed: Short-term safety evaluation of processed calcium montmorillonite clay (NovaSil) in humans.
PubMed: Water purification from organic pollutants by optimized micelle-clay systems.
PubMed: Sorption of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in model humic acid-clay systems.
PubMed: Adsorption of sterigmatocystin by montmorillonite and inhibition of its genotoxicity in the Nile tilapia fish (Oreachromis nilaticus).
PubMed: Organoclay formulations of acetochlor: effect of high salt concentration.
PubMed: Adsorption of atrazine, hydroxyatrazine, deethylatrazine, and deisopropylatrazine onto Fe(III) polyhydroxy cations intercalated vermiculite and montmorillonite.
PubMed: Heavy metal toxicity and bioavailability of dissolved nutrients to a bacterivorous flagellate are linked to suspended particle physical properties.
PubMed: Sorption and degradation of azimsulfuron on iron(III)-rich soil colloids.
PubMed: Application of adsorbent agents technology in the removal of aflatoxin B(1) and fumonisin B(1) from malt extract.
PubMed: Toxicological evaluation and metal bioavailability in pregnant rats following exposure to clay minerals in the diet.
PubMed: Flazasulfuron: alcoholysis, chemical hydrolysis, and degradation on various minerals.
PubMed: Clay-based affinity probes for selective cleanup and determination of aflatoxin B1 using nanostructured montmorillonite on quartz.
PubMed: Photostabilization of an entomopathogenic fungus using composite clay matrices.
PubMed: Sulfentrazone adsorbed on micelle-montmorillonite complexes for slow release in soil.
PubMed: Bioavailability of an organophosphorus pesticide, fenamiphos, sorbed on an organo clay.
PubMed: Sulfosulfuron incorporated in micelles adsorbed on montmorillonite for slow release formulations.
PubMed: Imazaquin adsorbed on pillared clay and crystal violet-montmorillonite complexes for reduced leaching in soil.
PubMed: Influence of herbicide structure, clay acidity, and humic acid coating on acetanilide herbicide adsorption on homoionic clays.
PubMed: Slow-release formulations of sulfometuron incorporated in micelles adsorbed on montmorillonite.
PubMed: Sulfometuron incorporation in cationic micelles adsorbed on montmorillonite.
PubMed: Inorganic and organic clays as carriers for controlled release of the herbicide hexazinone.
PubMed: Characterization of clay-based enterosorbents for the prevention of aflatoxicosis.
PubMed: Nicosulfuron: alcoholysis, chemical hydrolysis, and degradation on various minerals.
PubMed: Organo-clay formulation of acetochlor for reduced movement in soil.
PubMed: Fe(III)-EDDHA and -EDDHMA sorption on Ca-montmorillonite, ferrihydrite, and peat.
PubMed: Investigation of organophilic montmorillonite clay inclusion in zearalenone-contaminated diets using the mouse uterine weight bioassay.
PubMed: Montmorillonite-phenyltrimethylammonium yields environmentally improved formulations of hydrophobic herbicides.
PubMed: Photostabilization of the herbicide norflurazon by using organoclays.
PubMed: Organo-clay formulations of the hydrophobic herbicide norflurazon yield reduced leaching.
PubMed: Structural influences in relative sorptivity of chloroacetanilide herbicides on soil.
PubMed: Sorption and catalytic hydrolysis of diethatyl-ethyl on homoionic clays.
PubMed: Adsorption and Interactions of Methyl Green with Montmorillonite and Sepiolite.
PubMed: Natural soil colloids To retard simazine and 2,4-D leaching in soil.
PubMed: Chemoenzymatic synthesis of homochiral (R)- and (S)-karahanaenol from (R)-limonene.
PubMed: Sorption and desorption of triadimefon by soils and model soil colloids.
PubMed: Molecular characterization of high affinity, high capacity clays for the equilibrium sorption of ergotamine.
PubMed: [In vitro adsorption of aflatoxins by means of sorbent compounds: montmorillonite].
PubMed: [Coexistent effect of clay minerals on transfer frequency of plasmid DNA to fecal coliforms isolated from ground water].
PubMed: [Histo-autoradiographic study of the synthesis of gastric mucus in the rat stomach. Chronology of stimulation of mucus synthesis following ingestion of water, food and a combination of montmorillonite beidellite and an antacid].
PubMed: [Histo-autoradiographic study of the secretion of gastric mucus in the rat stomach. II. Role of feeding and its combination with an antacid].
PubMed: Adsorption of benzimidazole fungicides on montmorillonite and kaolinite clay surfaces.
PubMed: Adsorption-desorption of selected pesticides by organic matter and montmorillonite.
PubMed: [Year-round buffering of the feed ration using for dairy cows montmorillonite (Bentonite) and its effect on the health and the hematological and biochemical indices].
PubMed: [Buffering of the animal feed ration with montmorillonite (bentonite) in ruminants under experimental conditions].
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