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methyl alcohol
monohydroxymethane

Supplier Sponsors

Name:methanol
CAS Number: 67-56-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-659-6
FDA UNII:Y4S76JWI15
Nikkaji Web:J2.364G
Beilstein Number:1098229
MDL:MFCD00004595
XlogP3-AA:-0.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:32.04208000
Formula:C H4 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Additive: Methanol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:methanol
FDA Mainterm: METHYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.560 Modified hop extract.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.859 Sucrose fatty acid esters.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.867 Olestra.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Solvents, Lubricants, Release Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 173.250 Methyl alcohol residues.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.385 Sodium methyl sulfate.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.200 Defoaming agents used in coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2420 Polyester resins, cross-linked.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2460 Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene) oxide resins.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.345 Paprika oleoresin.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.615 Turmeric oleoresin.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.78800 to 0.79800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.557 to 6.640
Refractive Index:1.32100 to 1.33100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -94.00 to -93.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 64.00 to 65.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 20.00 to 21.00 °C. @ 100.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:265.414001 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:1.11 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 52.00 °F. TCC ( 11.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.770
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 1.00E+06 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. alcoholic
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: denaturants
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
METHANOL NATURAL
99% min.
Allan Chemical
Methanol
Aurochemicals
METHANOL, Natural
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Methanol 95%
Covalent Chemical
Methanol
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Methanol
Hebei Oukai Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Methyl Alcohol
Kunshan Sainty
Methanol, Natural
LyondellBasell Industries
Methanol
M&U International
NAT.METHANOL, Kosher
Metadynea Trading
Methanol
Penta International
METHANOL NF GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
METHANOL, Kosher
Penta International
METHANOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Methanol anhydrous, 99.8%
Silver Fern Chemical
Methanol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Methanol is used in chemical manufacture and synthesis, as a solvent in resins and dyes, a denaturant for ethanol, as a dehydrator for natural gas, and in the manufacture of synthetic proteins.
Sunaux International
nat.Methanol
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
METHANOL
Wedor Corporation
METHYL ALCOHOL (METHANOL)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
T - Toxic.
R 11 - Highly flammable.
R 23/24/25 - Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 39 - Danger of very serious irreversible effects.
S 01/02 - Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
S 07 - Keep container tightly closed.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 5628 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 19(11), Pg. 27, 1975.

oral-rabbit LD50 14200 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 48A, Pg. 105, 1970.

oral-mouse LD50 7300 mg/kg
Toxicology. Vol. 25, Pg. 271, 1982.

intravenous-cat LDLo 4641 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 16, Pg. 1, 1920.

oral-dog LDLo 7500 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1365, 1935.

parenteral-frog LDLo 59000 mg/kg
PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 50, Pg. 296, 1935.

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50 3556 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intraperitoneal-hamster LD50 8555 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

oral-human LDLo 143 mg/kg
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OPTIC NERVE NEUROPATHY: EYE GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 382, 1969.

oral-human LDLo 428 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 74, 1974.

oral-man LDLo 6422 mg/kg
BRAIN AND COVERINGS: "CHANGES IN CIRCULATION (HEMORRHAGE, THROMBOSIS, ETC.)" LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Canadian Medical Association Journal. Vol. 128, Pg. 14, 1983.

unreported-man LDLo 868 mg/kg
"Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.

oral-man TDLo 3571 uL/kg
BLOOD: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: VISUAL FIELD CHANGES: EYE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Gekkan Yakuji. Pharmaceuticals Monthly. Vol. 35, Pg. 2095, 1993.

oral-man TDLo 9450 uL/kg
BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: MYDRIASIS (PUPILLARY DILATION): EYE
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 16, Pg. 538, 1998.

oral-man TDLo 3429 mg/kg
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: VISUAL FIELD CHANGES: EYE
Acta Medica Scandinavica. Vol. 212, Pg. 5, 1982.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 10765 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-mouse LD50 4710 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intraperitoneal-rabbit LD50 1826 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-rabbit LD50 8907 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 7529 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-rat LD50 2131 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 15800 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 74, 1974.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 9800 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 18, Pg. 185, 1971.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 64000 ppm/4H
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 74, 1974.

inhalation-cat LCLo 44000 mg/m3/6H
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: FOOD INTAKE (ANIMAL) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

inhalation-human TCLo 300 ppm
BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: VISUAL FIELD CHANGES: EYE
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 74, 1974.

inhalation-human TCLo 86000 mg/m3
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: COUGH LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Archiv fuer Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene. Vol. 5, Pg. 1, 1933.

inhalation-mouse LCLo 50000 mg/m3/2H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 80, 1982.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: solvents
Recommendation for methyl alcohol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for methyl alcohol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the evaluation of the substances currently on the list in the Annex to Commission Directive 96/3/EC as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils Part I of III
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA-Iris:IRIS
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):67-56-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :887
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1230
WGK Germany:1
methanol
Chemidplus:0000067561
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:67-56-1
 
References:
 methanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:67-56-1
Pubchem (cid):887
Pubchem (sid):134970721
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Metabolomics Database:Search
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00132
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB01875
FooDB:FDB013253
Export Tariff Code:2905.11.2000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 brassica napus ssp. oleifera
Search Trop Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli plant
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 clove bud
Search Trop Picture
 clove fruit
Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop Picture
 onion leaf
Search Trop Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 raspberry red raspberry
Search Trop Picture
 roselle fruit
Search Trop Picture
 roselle leaf
Search Trop Picture
 roselle seed
Search Trop Picture
 soursop plant
Search Trop Picture
 soybean plant
Search Trop Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 alcohol, methyl
 alcohol, wood
 carbinol
monocarbinol
 colonial spirits
 columbian spirits
 hydroxymethane
monohydroxymethane
 menthanol
 methanol
 methyl alcohol residues
 methyl hydrate
 pyroligneous spirit
 spirit of wood
 wood alcohol
 wood naphtha
 wood spirit
 

Articles:

PubMed:First principle chemical kinetics in zeolites: the methanol-to-olefin process as a case study.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of aroma compounds and sensorial features of strawberry and lemon guavas (Psidium cattleianum Sabine).
PubMed:Localization of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) and Methylobacterium extorquens genes of strawberry flavor biosynthesis in strawberry tissue by in situ hybridization.
PubMed:Short-chain flavor ester synthesis in organic media by an E. coli whole-cell biocatalyst expressing a newly characterized heterologous lipase.
PubMed:Transformation of ferulic acid to vanillin using a fed-batch solid-liquid two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed:Effect of the hexane extract of Piper auritum on insulin release from β-cell and oxidative stress in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat.
PubMed:The usefulness of intermediate products of plum processing for alcoholic fermentation and chemical composition of the obtained distillates.
PubMed:Biological activity and fatty acid composition of Caesar's mushroom.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of 14 restricted substances in flavor and fragrant by ultra high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Polymer characterization and optimization of conditions for the enhanced bioproduction of benzaldehyde by Pichia pastoris in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed:Rapid tomato volatile profiling by using proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS).
PubMed:Effect of maturity stage and storage on flavor compounds and sensory description of berrycactus (Myrtillocactus geometrizans).
PubMed:Identification of tartary buckwheat tea aroma compounds with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Effect of extraction method on quality of orange juice: hand-squeezed, commercial-fresh squeezed and processed.
PubMed:Fungal aryl-alcohol oxidase: a peroxide-producing flavoenzyme involved in lignin degradation.
PubMed:Determination of 3-methyl-2,4-nonanedione in red wines using methanol chemical ionization ion trap mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Influence of cell integrity on textural properties of raw, high pressure, and thermally processed onions.
PubMed:Biotechnological process for obtaining new fermented products from cashew apple fruit by Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.
PubMed:A comparative study on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum).
PubMed:One-step purification and characterization of a beta-1,4-glucosidase from a newly isolated strain of Stereum hirsutum.
PubMed:Flying the fly: long-range flight behavior of Drosophila melanogaster to attractive odors.
PubMed:[Separation and identification of 5 glycosidic flavor precursors in tobacco by ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Selective preconcentration of volatile mercaptans in small SPE cartridges: quantitative determination of trace odor-active polyfunctional mercaptans in wine.
PubMed:Bioproduction of the aroma compound 2-phenylethanol in a solid-liquid two-phase partitioning bioreactor system by Kluyveromyces marxianus.
PubMed:LC-MS study to reduce ion suppression and to identify N-lactoylguanosine 5'-monophosphate in bonito: a new umami molecule?
PubMed:Optimization of a procedure for the selective isolation of some powerful aroma thiols. Development and validation of a quantitative method for their determination in wine.
PubMed:Solid phase extraction, multidimensional gas chromatography mass spectrometry determination of four novel aroma powerful ethyl esters. Assessment of their occurrence and importance in wine and other alcoholic beverages.
PubMed:Quantification of flavor-related compounds in the unburned contents of bidi and clove cigarettes.
PubMed:Characterization of the methanolic extract of hops using capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Anticariogenic activity of macelignan isolated from Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) against Streptococcus mutans.
PubMed:The biosynthesis and regulation of biosynthesis of Concord grape fruit esters, including 'foxy' methylanthranilate.
PubMed:Effect of the stone content on the quality of plum and cherry spirits produced from mash fermentations with commercial and laboratory yeast strains.
PubMed:Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed:Stability of an Extemporaneously Compounded Propylthiouracil Suspension.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.).
PubMed:Aspartame: review of safety.
PubMed:Characterization of methanol-soluble and methanol-insoluble proteins from developing peanut seed.
PubMed:Formation of volatile compounds during heating of spice paprika (Capsicum annuum) powder.
PubMed:Determination of short-chain free fatty acids in lipolyzed milk fat by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Changes in volatile flavor components of guava juice with high-pressure treatment and heat processing and during storage.
PubMed:Starch flavor: apparent discrimination between amylopectin and amylose by rats.
PubMed:[The quantitative composition of natural and technologically changed aromas of plants. II. Aroma compounds in oranges and their changes during juice processing (author's transl)].
 
Notes:
a colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of formaldehyde and acetic acid, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness. Present in various wines and spirits. Used as a solvent for the preparation of modified hop extracts and spice oleoresins Methanol is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable, liquid with a distinctive odor that is very similar to but slightly sweeter than ethanol (drinking alcohol). Methanol is produced naturally in the anaerobic metabolism of many varieties of bacteria, and is ubiquitous in the environment. (Wikiipedia) Present in lemon and spearmint oils
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