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zinc oxide
zinc monoxide

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 1314-13-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:215-222-5
Molecular Weight:81.37920000
Formula:O Zn
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:certain adjuvants and production aids
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
182.8991 Zinc oxide View - review
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:zinc oxide
FDA Mainterm (SATF):1314-13-2 ; ZINC OXIDE
FDA Regulation:
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.

Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1680 Polyurethane resins.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2260 Filters, resin-bonded.

Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3297 Colorants for polymers.

Subpart I--Nutrients
Sec. 182.8991 Zinc oxide.

Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 582.80 Trace minerals added to animal feeds.

Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1991 Zinc oxide.

Subpart C--Cosmetics
Sec. 73.2991 Zinc oxide.
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay:800.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 6431 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:none
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data2
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: bulking agents
cosmetic colorants
skin protecting agents
uv absorbers
American Elements
Zinc Oxide Powder 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: American Elements specializes in producing spray dry and non-spray dry high purity Zinc Oxide Powder with the smallest possible average grain sizes for use in preparation of pressed and bonded sputtering targets and in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Powders are also useful in any application where high surface areas are desired such as water treatment and in fuel cell and solar applications. Nanoparticles (See also Nanotechnology Information and Quantum Dots) also produce very high surface areas. Our standardHigh Purity (99.999%) Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Powder Powder particle sizes average in the range of - 325 mesh, - 100 mesh, 10-50 micronsand submicron (< 1 micron) and our spray dried powder with binder provides an extremely narrow particle size distribution (PSD) for use in thermal and plasma spray guns and other coating applications. We can also provide many materials in the nanoscale range. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Zinc Oxide as pellets, pieces, tablets, and sputtering target. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
American International Chemical, LLC.
Zinc Oxide
For experimental / research use only.
Zinc oxide
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
zinc oxide 95%
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Zinc oxide powder, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a natural mineral which has been used safely for generations to shield against the harmful effects of the sun. It is a very fine, amorphous white or ivory-white powder free from gritty particles. Our zinc oxide is extremely high in quality and purity to meet all U.S. Pharmacopoeia and European Pharmacopoeia standards as per USP33 NF28, it is made from primary grade zinc. Our zinc oxide is not micronized and is not classified as NANO.
Charkit Chemical
Charkit Chemical
Covalent Chemical
Zinc Oxide
Dow Chemical
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
Glentham Life Sciences
Zinc oxide, 99.5%, Ph. Eur., USP grade
Glentham Life Sciences
Zinc oxide, 99%
Jost Chemical
Microencapsulated Zinc Oxide 50%
Kraft Chemical
Zinc Oxide
Liche Opto Co
Zinc Oxide ZnO
Penta International
Penta International
Zinc Oxide
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Zinc Oxide
For experimental / research use only.
Zinc Oxide puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.0% (KT)
Zinc Oxide NDM
Life Essentials - UV Protection
Odor: odorless
Use: Approved in USA, Germany , South Africa, Mercosur, Mexico, Asean states, China, South Korea.
Zinc Oxide Neutral
Life Essentials - UV Protection
Odor: odorless
Use: Approved in USA, Germany, South Africa, Mercosur, Mexico,Brazil, Asean states, China, South Korea.
Zinc Oxide PI
Life Essentials - UV Protection
Odor: odorless
Use: Globally approved Non-nano grade.
TRI-K Industries
TRIshield Z-500
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophilic non-nano grade of ZnO powder with easy dispersion in water for high SPF sunscreens. Suitable for natural formulations and meets USP requirements.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Zinc oxide is used in making rubber, where it imparts desirable characteristics to the material. Zinc oxide is also used as a pigment in white paint and in enamels and glazes.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Wedor Corporation
Zhong Ya Chemical
Zinc Oxide Tech Grade
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
N - Dangerous for the environment.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD > 8737 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 240 mg/kg
Zdravookhranenie Kazakhstana. Public Health of Kazakhstan. Vol. 38(9), Pg. 18, 1978.

oral-mouse LD50 7950 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(4), Pg. 89, 1986.

oral-human LDLo 500 mg/kg
Gekkan Yakuji. Pharmaceuticals Monthly. Vol. 22, Pg. 291, 1980.

intratracheal-rat LD > 4979 ug/kg
Eisei Kagaku. Hygienic Chemistry. Vol. 35, Pg. P19, 1989.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 2500 mg/m3
International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.

inhalation-human TCLo 600 mg/m3
Journal of Industrial Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 88, 1927.

Safety in Use Information:
certain adjuvants and production aids
Recommendation for zinc oxide usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for zinc oxide flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on safety and efficacy of zinc compounds (E6) as feed additive for all animal species: Zinc oxide, based on a dossier submitted by Grillo Zinkoxid GmbH/EMFEMA
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of zinc compounds (E6) as feed additives for all animal species (zinc acetate, dihydrate; zinc chloride, anhydrous; zinc oxide; zinc sulphate, heptahydrate; zinc sulphate, monohydrate; zinc chelate of amino acids, hydrate; zinc chelate of glycine, hydrate), based on a dossier submitted by FEFANA asbl
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety evaluation of the substance zinc oxide, nanoparticles, uncoated and coated with [3-(methacryloxy)propyl] trimethoxysilane, for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

Safety assessment of the substance zinc oxide, nanoparticles, for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):1314-13-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :14806
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:1314-13-2
Pubchem (cid):14806
Pubchem (sid):134980148
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):D01170
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB34908
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
FDA Color Additive Status ListView
•zinc oxide is incorporated in powders, ointments, and pastes. preparation containing zinc oxide including zinc oxide ointment (20% or 25% zno), zinc oxide paste (25% zno), and zinc oxide and salicylic acid paste (2% salicylic acid in zinc oxide paste). •calamine consists of pink powder containing zinc oxide (not less than 98%) and small amont of ferric oxide. it is incorporated into calamine lotion (8% calamine and 8% zinc oxide), and phenolated calamine lotion (compound calamine lotion) (1% phenol in calamine lotion). •the medicinal grade contains 99.5% or more zno; technical grades contain 90-99% zno and a few tenths of 1% of lead. •grades: american process, lead-free; french process, lead-free, green seal, red seal, white seal (according to fineness); leaded (with lead sulfate); usp, single crystals. •zinc oxide preparations: bandages: zinc paste and coal tar bandage not less than 6% zinc oxide; zinc paste and ichthammol bandage zinc oxide 6.25 g per 100 g; zinc paste bandge not less than 6% zinc oxide; zinc paste, calamine and clioquinol bandage zinc oxide 9.25 g per 100 g; creams: zinc and ichthammol cream zinc cream 82 g per 100 g; zinc cream zinc oxide 32 g per 100 g; zinc cream oily zinc oxide 32 g per 100 g; zinc oxide and diphenhydramine cream zinc oxide 8 g per 100 g; dental cements: zinc-eugenol cement; kerr's sealer; dental paste: dental triozinc paste; dusting-powders: cmpd zinc dusting-powder; conspergens zinci; zinc and salicylic acid dusting-powder; zinc, starch, and talc dusting-powder; gauzes: zinc gelatin impregnated gauze; liniments: linimentum phenoli et zinci oxydi; linimentum zinci; lotions: lotions f; schamberg's lotion; zinc talc lotion; ointments: hamer's hemorrhoidal ointment; zinc and caster oil ointment; zinc ointment; zinc oxide and ichthammol ointment; zinc oxide cmpd ointment; pastes: cmpd zinc paste; zinc gelatin •proprietary preparations: calaband, coltapaste, ichthopaste, icthaband, noratex, pharmakon, quinaband, septex cream no1, sudocrem, tarband, thovaline, impregnated gauze, viscopaste, viscopaste pb7, zincaband; herisan; oxyplastine •transparent zinc oxide trade names include sachtotech micro-zinkoxid (sachtleben, germany) and z-cote hp 1 (sunsmart, united states). •trade names: akro-zinc bar 85; acro-zinc bar 90; actox 14; actox 16; actox 216; amalox; azodox; azo 22; azo 33; azo 55; azo 66; azo 77tt; cador xx 78; chinese white; ci77947; cipigment white 4; emanay zinc oxide; emar; felling zinc oxide; flores de zinci; flowers of zinc; green seal 8; hubbuck's white; kadox 15; kadox 72; kadox 25; outmine; ozide; ozlo; permanent white; philosopher's wool; powder base 900; protox types 166, 167, 168, 169, 267, 268; red seal 9; snow white; unichem zo; vandem vac; vandem voc; vandem vpc; white seal 7; xx 203; xx 78; zinc white; zinca 20; zincite; zincoid; zn 0701t; electrox 2500; giap 10; outmine; unichem zo; xx 601 •wettable powder - 202.76% zinc oxide; metal strip - 99.1% zinc; powder - 99% zinc oxide (formulation intermediate); powder - 99.4% zinc oxide (industrial preservative).
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 cosmetic colorants
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 c.i. 77947
 C.I. pigment white 4
 ci 77947
 CI pigment white 4
 dome paste bandage
 kadox 72
 pigment white 4
 protox 168
 unichem ZO
 vandem VAC
 vandem VOC
 vandem VPC
 zinc gelatin
 zinc monoxide
 zinc oxide (ZnO)
 zinc oxide microfine 65 dispersion in C12-15 alkyl benzoate
 zinc oxide NDM
 zinc oxide NDM zinc oxide and dimethicone
 zinc oxide neutral
 zinc oxide PI (Symrise)
 zinc oxide powder
 zinc oxide tech grade
 zinc oxide USP FCC low lead
 zinc oxide USP FCC powder
 zinc oxide USP sunscreen grade
 zinc white
 ZNO zinc oxide USP-1
 ZNO zinc oxide USP-2
 zoco 102 USP-standard


PubMed:Characterization and stability analysis of zinc oxide nanoencapsulated conjugated linoleic acid.
PubMed:Cytotoxic Evaluation of Nanostructured Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Thin Films and Leachates.
PubMed:Accumulation and toxicity of CuO and ZnO nanoparticles through waterborne and dietary exposure of goldfish (Carassius auratus).
PubMed:Cerium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles alter the nutritional value of soil cultivated soybean plants.
PubMed:Incorporation of essential oils and nanoparticles in pullulan films to control foodborne pathogens on meat and poultry products.
PubMed:Zinc oxide nanoparticles induce apoptosis by enhancement of autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibition.
PubMed:Toll-like receptor 6 mediated inflammatory and functional responses of Zinc Oxide nanoparticles primed macrophages.
PubMed:Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a marine-derived Bacillus strain for use as an in-feed probiotic for newly weaned pigs.
PubMed:Effect of seaweed-derived laminarin and fucoidan and zinc oxide on gut morphology, nutrient transporters, nutrient digestibility, growth performance and selected microbial populations in weaned pigs.
PubMed:Lack of genotoxic potential of ZnO nanoparticles in in vitro and in vivo tests.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity and mechanism of Ag-ZnO nanocomposite on S. aureus and GFP-expressing antibiotic resistant E. coli.
PubMed:Additive effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles and isoorientin on apoptosis in human hepatoma cell line.
PubMed:Mechanism of uptake of ZnO nanoparticles and inflammatory responses in macrophages require PI3K mediated MAPKs signaling.
PubMed:Metalloproteins and phytochelatin synthase may confer protection against zinc oxide nanoparticle induced toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Zinc oxide nanoparticles delay soybean development: a standard soil microcosm study.
PubMed:Progress in the characterization and safety evaluation of engineered inorganic nanomaterials in food.
PubMed:Dermal absorption and short-term biological impact in hairless mice from sunscreens containing zinc oxide nano- or larger particles.
PubMed:Zinc absorption by young adults from supplemental zinc citrate is comparable with that from zinc gluconate and higher than from zinc oxide.
PubMed:Photoprotection: part II. Sunscreen: development, efficacy, and controversies.
PubMed:Zinc oxide nanoparticles provide an adjuvant effect to ovalbumin via a Th2 response in Balb/c mice.
PubMed:ZnO nanofertilizer and He Ne laser irradiation for promoting growth and yield of sweet basil plant.
PubMed:Fate of ZnO nanoparticles in soils and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata).
PubMed:Surface coatings of ZnO nanoparticles mitigate differentially a host of transcriptional, protein and signalling responses in primary human olfactory cells.
PubMed:Effect of the interaction of seaweed extracts containing laminarin and fucoidan with zinc oxide on the growth performance, digestibility and faecal characteristics of growing piglets.
PubMed:Antibacterial and antifungal activity of photoactivated ZnO nanoparticles in suspension.
PubMed:Minimal intestinal epithelial cell toxicity in response to short- and long-term food-relevant inorganic nanoparticle exposure.
PubMed:Potential treatments to reduce phorbol esters levels in jatropha seed cake for improving the value added product.
PubMed:Nanosized zinc oxide induces toxicity in human lung cells.
PubMed:Modulation of the pharmacokinetics of zinc oxide nanoparticles and their fates in vivo.
PubMed:Effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the function of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity of cultured macrophages exposed to antimicrobial zinc oxide (ZnO) coatings on nanoporous aluminum oxide membranes.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of high-dosage zinc oxide dietary supplementation on Campylobacter coli excretion in weaned piglets.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of bionanocomposite films filled with nanorod-rich zinc oxide.
PubMed:Physical-mechanical and antimicrobial properties of nanocomposite films with pediocin and ZnO nanoparticles.
PubMed:Chronic arsenicosis in cattle: possible mitigation with Zn and Se.
PubMed:UVA radiation induced ultrafast electron transfer from a food carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene to organic molecules, biological macromolecules, and inorganic nano structures.
PubMed:[Research progress on biological toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticle and its mechanism].
PubMed:Bioavailability of zinc oxide added to corn tortilla is similar to that of zinc sulfate and is not affected by simultaneous addition of iron.
PubMed:Rat pancreatitis produced by 13-week administration of zinc oxide nanoparticles: biopersistence of nanoparticles and possible solutions.
PubMed:Fast classification of meat spoilage markers using nanostructured ZnO thin films and unsupervised feature learning.
PubMed:Enzyme-mimetic effects of gold@platinum nanorods on the antioxidant activity of ascorbic acid.
PubMed:In situ synchrotron X-ray fluorescence mapping and speciation of CeO₂ and ZnO nanoparticles in soil cultivated soybean (Glycine max).
PubMed:Molecular cloning, characterization of CAT, and eco-toxicological effects of dietary zinc oxide on antioxidant enzymes in Eisenia fetida.
PubMed:In vivo nanotoxicity assays in plant models.
PubMed:Soybean susceptibility to manufactured nanomaterials with evidence for food quality and soil fertility interruption.
PubMed:Assessment of phytotoxicity of ZnO NPs on a medicinal plant, Fagopyrum esculentum.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of zinc oxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Development and evaluation of ZnO-Fe2O3 based nanocomposite sensors for butanol detection.
PubMed:Nanoscale ZnO induces cytotoxicity and DNA damage in human cell lines and rat primary neuronal cells.
PubMed:Examination of nanoparticle inactivation of Campylobacter jejuni biofilms using infrared and Raman spectroscopies.
PubMed:Effects of dietary spray-dried egg on growth performance and health of weaned pigs.
PubMed:Morphology and antifungal effect of nano-ZnO and nano-Pd-doped nano-ZnO against Aspergillus and Candida.
PubMed:Dissolution kinetics of macronutrient fertilizers coated with manufactured zinc oxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Influence of simulated gastrointestinal conditions on particle-induced cytotoxicity and interleukin-8 regulation in differentiated and undifferentiated Caco-2 cells.
PubMed:ZnO nanorod coating for solid phase microextraction and its applications for the analysis of aldehydes in instant noodle samples.
PubMed:Induction of oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptosis in mouse liver after sub-acute oral exposure to zinc oxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:The influence of operational parameters and feed preparation in a convective batch ribbon powder mixer.
PubMed:ZnO nanorod array polydimethylsiloxane composite solid phase micro-extraction fiber coating: fabrication and extraction capability.
PubMed:Tracing the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus on laboratory ants using physical preconcentration coupled ZnO nanoparticle assisted MALDI-TOF MS.
PubMed:Preparation, characterization and antibacterial applications of ZnO-nanoparticles coated polyethylene films for food packaging.
PubMed:Gold coated zinc oxide nanonecklaces as a SERS substrate.
PubMed:Effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on iron absorption in asymptomatic adults consuming wheat flour fortified with iron and zinc.
PubMed:Distinct biological effects of different nanoparticles commonly used in cosmetics and medicine coatings.
PubMed:Designing and surface modification of zinc oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications.
PubMed:Acceptability of complementary foods and breads prepared from zinc-fortified cereal flours among young children and adults in Senegal.
PubMed:Effect of zinc and iron fortification of the feed on liver and thyroid function in rats.
PubMed:Comparative chronic toxicity of nanoparticulate and ionic zinc to the earthworm Eisenia veneta in a soil matrix.
PubMed:Immobilization of Aspergillus oryzae β galactosidase on zinc oxide nanoparticles via simple adsorption mechanism.
PubMed:A novel approach reveals that zinc oxide nanoparticles are bioavailable and toxic after dietary exposures.
PubMed:ZnO-ZnS QDs interfacial heterostructure for drug and food delivery application: enhancement of the binding affinities of flavonoid aglycones to bovine serum albumin.
PubMed:Antibacterial and physical properties of poly(vinyl chloride)-based film coated with ZnO nanoparticles.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity and mechanism of action of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni.
PubMed:Effect of mineral fortification on plasma biochemical profile in rats.
PubMed:Formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) from a refinery process for zinc oxide used in feed additives: a source of dioxin contamination in Chilean pork.
PubMed:Inactivation of Salmonella in liquid egg albumen by antimicrobial bottle coatings infused with allyl isothiocyanate, nisin and zinc oxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in sunscreens: focus on their safety and effectiveness.
PubMed:Investigation of ZnO nanoparticles' ecotoxicological effects towards different soil organisms.
PubMed:Particles which may occur in food or food packaging can exert cytotoxicity and (oxidative) DNA damage in target cells of the human intestine.
PubMed:A preemptive strike on the FDA approval of the Sargenti paste.
PubMed:Metabonomic study on women of reproductive age treated with nutritional intervention: screening potential biomarkers related to neural tube defects occurrence.
PubMed:Characterization and stability analysis of zinc oxide nanoencapsulated conjugated linoleic acid.
PubMed:Does the newly weaned piglet select a zinc oxide supplemented feed, when given the choice?
PubMed:Magnetic-field-assisted rapid ultrasensitive immunoassays using Fe3O4/ZnO/Au nanorices as Raman probes.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum.
PubMed:A highly sensitive H2O2 sensor based on zinc oxide nanorod arrays film sensing interface.
PubMed:Effect of ultrafine zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles on induction of oral tolerance in mice.
PubMed:Nanoparticles: a closer look at their dermal effects.
PubMed:Toxicity of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles on human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) is accentuated by oxidative stress.
PubMed:Comparative cytotoxicity of Al2O3, CeO2, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles to human lung cells.
PubMed:Finger millet (Eleucine coracana) flour as a vehicle for fortification with zinc.
PubMed:Assay-dependent phytotoxicity of nanoparticles to plants.
PubMed:Development and optimization of iron- and zinc-containing nanostructured powders for nutritional applications.
PubMed:ZnO nanorod array solid phase micro-extraction fiber coating: fabrication and extraction capability.
PubMed:Antibacterial activities of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed:Antimicrobial efficacy of zinc oxide quantum dots against Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Enteritidis, and Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed:Herpes labialis.
PubMed:Toxicity of nanoparticulate and bulk ZnO, Al2O3 and TiO2 to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Stability analysis of zinc oxide-nanoencapsulated conjugated linoleic acid and gamma-linolenic acid.
PubMed:Dietary supplementation with zinc oxide stimulates ghrelin secretion from the stomach of young pigs.
PubMed:Transfer of dietary zinc and fat to milk--evaluation of milk fat quality, milk fat precursors, and mastitis indicators.
PubMed:Zinc bioavailability from zinc-fortified foods.
PubMed:Mexoryl: a review of an ultraviolet a filter.
PubMed:Dynamics of innate immune response in Gallus domesticus using two methods of induced molting.
PubMed:Fortifying milk with ferrous gluconate and zinc oxide in a public nutrition program reduced the prevalence of anemia in toddlers.
PubMed:Herpes labialis.
PubMed:Suspected zinc-induced copper deficiency in growing kittens exposed to galvanised iron.
PubMed:Effect of prior sporidesmin intoxication on the pancreopathy associated with zinc oxide toxicity.
PubMed:Zinc absorption from zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, zinc oxide + EDTA, or sodium-zinc EDTA does not differ when added as fortificants to maize tortillas.
PubMed:Na2EDTA enhances the absorption of iron and zinc from fortified rice flour in Sri Lankan children.
PubMed:Effects of copper and zinc source on performance and humoral immune response of newly received, lightweight beef heifers.
PubMed:Large doses of zinc oxide increases the activity of hydrolases in rats.
PubMed:Quantitative evaluation of antifungal activity of metallic oxide powders (MgO, CaO and ZnO) by an indirect conductimetric assay.
PubMed:Proposed nutrient composition for fortified complementary foods.
PubMed:Zinc and copper: proposed fortification levels and recommended zinc compounds.
PubMed:Absorption of zinc from wheat products fortified with iron and either zinc sulfate or zinc oxide.
PubMed:Exchangeable zinc pool size in infants is related to key variables of zinc homeostasis.
PubMed:Toxic metals and metalloids in dietetic products.
PubMed:Cofortification of iron-fortified flour with zinc sulfate, but not zinc oxide, decreases iron absorption in Indonesian children.
PubMed:The effect of five-year zinc supplementation on serum zinc, serum cholesterol and hematocrit in persons randomly assigned to treatment group in the age-related eye disease study: AREDS Report No. 7.
PubMed:Investigation of excretion and absorption of different zinc salts in puppies.
PubMed:The effect of zinc oxide supplementation on the stability of the intestinal flora with special reference to composition of coliforms in weaned pigs.
PubMed:Bioavailability of zinc in several sources of zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, and zinc metal.
PubMed:[Addition of vitamins and minerals to corn and wheat flour in Mexico].
PubMed:Microfine zinc oxide (Z-cote) as a photostable UVA/UVB sunblock agent.
PubMed:Iron and zinc interactions in humans.
PubMed:Dietary zinc oxide in weaned pigs--effects on performance, tissue concentrations, morphology, neutrophil functions and faecal microflora.
PubMed:Determination of total phosphorus in foods by colorimetry: summary of NMKL collaborative study.
PubMed:Zinc source influences zinc retention in hair and hair growth in the dog.
PubMed:Absorption and retention of zinc when administered as an amino-acid chelate in the dog.
PubMed:Determination of total phosphorus in foods by colorimetric measurement of phosphorus as molybdenum blue after dry-ashing: NMKL interlaboratory study.
PubMed:Bioavailability of zinc from inorganic and organic sources for pigs fed corn-soybean meal diets.
PubMed:Sargenti defended.
PubMed:Growth and plasma zinc responses of young pigs fed pharmacologic levels of zinc.
PubMed:FDA explains status of N2 material.
PubMed:Methodology for assessing zinc bioavailability: efficacy estimates for zinc-methionine, zinc sulfate, and zinc oxide.
PubMed:Interspecies variations in response to topical application of selected zinc compounds.
PubMed:[Extra zinc oxide in swine fodder... Why not!].
PubMed:Zinc methionine for ruminants: relative bioavailability of zinc in lambs and effects of growth and performance of growing heifers.
PubMed:Experimental systems which modify and simulate rapeseed-induced liver haemorrhages in in-lay hens.
PubMed:Withdrawal of zinc oxide-containing diets from mature, female domestic fowl: effects on selected tissue mineral contents.
PubMed:Withdrawal of zinc oxide-containing diets from mature, female domestic fowl: effects on laying performance and the weights of selected tissues.
PubMed:Comparison of the effects of feeding diets supplemented with zinc oxide or zinc acetate on the performance and tissue mineral content of mature female fowls.
PubMed:[Hygienic evaluation of the zinc ion content in extracts from rubbers in contact with food products].
PubMed:Effects of short- and long-term feeding of zinc oxide-supplemented diets on the mature, female domestic fowl with special reference to tissue mineral content.
PubMed:Zinc toxicity in the fowl: ultrastructural pathology and relationship to selenium, lead and copper.
PubMed:Respiratory disease in adult cattle.
PubMed:Comparison of dietary hydrated copper sulphate, dietary zinc oxide and a direct method for inducing a moult in laying hens.
PubMed:N2: clarifying the controversy.
PubMed:The effects of high dietary zinc on food intake in the domestic fowl.
PubMed:Antibacterial properties of periodontal dressings.
PubMed:Sensitizing properties of food additives and other commercial products.
Nutrient supplement Zinc oxide is a constituent of cigarette filters for removal of selected components from tobacco smoke. A filter consisting of charcoal impregnated with zinc oxide and iron oxide removes significant amounts of HCN and H2S from tobacco smoke without affecting its flavor.; Zinc oxide is an amphoteric oxide. It is nearly insoluble in water and alcohol, but it is soluble in (degraded by) most acids, such as hydrochloric acid:; Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO. It usually appears as a white powder, nearly insoluble in water. The powder is widely used as an additive into numerous materials and products including plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, rubber (e.g. car tyres), lubricants, paints, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, foods (source of Zn nutrient), batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, first aid tapes, etc. ZnO is present in the Earth crust as a mineral zincite; however, most ZnO used commercially is produced synthetically.; Zinc white is used as a pigment in paints and is more opaque than lithopone, but less opaque than titanium dioxide. It is also used in coatings for paper. Chinese white is a special grade of zinc white used in artists' pigments. Because it reflects both UVA and UVB rays of ultraviolet light, zinc oxide can be used in ointments, creams, and lotions to protect against sunburn and other damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet light (see sunscreen). It is the broadest spectrum UVA and UVB absorber that is approved for use as a sunscreen by the FDA, and is completely photostable. It is also a main ingredient of mineral makeup.; ZnO is a relatively soft material with approximate hardness of 4.5 on the Mohs scale. Its elastic constants are smaller than those of relevant III-V semiconductors, such as GaN. The high heat capacity and heat conductivity, low thermal expansion and high melting temperature of ZnO are beneficial for ceramics.
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