EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

titanium dioxide
titanium, dioxo-

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 13463-67-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):100292-32-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:236-675-5
Molecular Weight:79.86540000
Formula:O2 Ti
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:coloring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
EU SANCO Titanium dioxide View - review
JECFA Food Additive: Titanium Dioxide
GSFA Codex: Titanium dioxide (171)
DG SANTE Food Additives:titanium dioxide
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:titanium dioxide
FDA Mainterm (SATF):13463-67-7 ; TITANIUM DIOXIDE
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.

Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.

Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.380 Xylene-formaldehyde resins condensed with 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin epoxy resins.

Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.390 Zinc-silicon dioxide matrix coatings.

Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1350 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact Surfaces
Sec. 177.1400 Hydroxyethyl cellulose film, water-insoluble.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact Surfaces
Sec. 177.1460 Melamine-formaldehyde resins in molded articles.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1650 Polysulfide polymer-polyepoxy resins.

Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1680 Polyurethane resins.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2260 Filters, resin-bonded.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2355 Mineral reinforced nylon resins.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use.

Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers.

Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3297 Colorants for polymers.

Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.30 Substances used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard products used in food packaging.

Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1575 Titanium dioxide.

Subpart C--Cosmetics
Sec. 73.2575 Titanium dioxide.

Subpart D--Medical Devices
Sec. 73.3126 Titanium dioxide.

Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.350 Mica-based pearlescent pigments.

Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.575 Titanium dioxide.
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
Soluble in:
 hydrofluoric acid
 water, 1634 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 hydrochloric acid
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: opacifying agents
uv absorbers
uv filters
For experimental / research use only.
Titanium Dioxide
American International Chemical, LLC.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Titanium(IV) oxide, Puratronic (metals basis) 98%
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Titanium Dioxide
Odor: characteristic
Use: Titanium Dioxide, water soluble. This product is perfect for lightening colors or making a beautiful snowy white bar of soap. When used in CP to make white soap add to your base oils while heating and mix well prior to adding the lye water solution. Approved for use in cosmetics, including lip products. This material is not for use as a sunscreen. For sunscreen, you need zinc oxide.
Charkit Chemical
Chemway Chemical
Pigment White 6
Covalent Chemical
Titanium Dioxide, Anatase and Rutile
Optisol™ OTP1
Odor: bland
Use: With proven, unrivalled efficacy Optisol UV Absorbers take UV protection to a new level. Delivering broad spectrum UVA and UVB protection with zero skin whitening, Optisol range is unlike any other inorganic sunscreen actives on the market. Optisol sunscreens deliver advanced UV protection. Not only are Optisol sunscreens capable of significantly enhancing the photo-stability of formulations containing organic UV absorbers, they also improve the UV efficacy of inorganic systems to provide a truly multi-faceted approach to UV protection.
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
Foodchem International
Titanium Dioxide
Glentham Life Sciences
Titanium dioxide, 99%
Graham Chemical
Titanium Dioxide
Odor: characteristic
Use: HallBrite T-97 is a hydrophobic microfine Titanium Dioxide designed for use in the formulation of globally acceptable sunscreens. It utilizes Titanium Dioxide of very small particle size that has been made extremely hydrophobic through surface-treatment with Dimethicone. This nanoparticle-free ingredient may be added at up to 3% in finished sunscreen formulations without objectionable whitening of the skin during “rub-in.” HallBrite T-97 is easily added to the oil phase of a formulation. Addition when the oil phase is of low viscosity (e.g., when heated and before any rheological aids are added) maximizes dispersion and, consequently, efficacy. Introduction with a homogenizer, colloid mill or other high shear equipment is not always necessary, but helps ensure its thorough dispersion. Adequate dispersion is necessary to achieve minimum skin whitening during, and subsequent to, application of the finished sunscreen product. HallBrite T-97 typically contributes about 1.5 2.0 SPF units per percent utilized in sunscreen formulations, and also contributes appreciably to shorter wavelength UVA protection.
Indis NV
For experimental / research use only.
Titanium Dioxide
Kraft Chemical
Titanium Dioxide
Penta International
Titanium Dioxide
Rung International
Titanium Dioxide
Odor: characteristic
Use: Titanium Dioxide is manufactured in two crystal forms: Rutile and Anatase. It is obtained primarily from slag by two different processes: Sulfate and chloride. The slag is treated with sulfuric acid, and later, the resultant titanyl sulfate is hydrolysed to form a hydrate. Both the sulfate and the chloride process produce rutile crystalline forms, but only the sulfate process produces anatase Titanium Dioxide, the form that is preferred for food, drug and cosmetic use.
Shiva Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals
Titanium Dioxide,V2o5
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Titanium(IV) oxide, anatase powder, 99.8% trace metals basis
Silver Fern Chemical
Titanium Dioxide
Odor: characteristic
Use: Titanium dioxide is primarily used as a white pigment, especially in products such as paints, paper, rubber, plastics, etc. It can also be found in cosmetics, ceramics, glassware, inks, and can occasionally be used as a high-temperature transducer.
Tianjin Talent Chemical
Titanium Dioxide
TRI-K Industries
TRIshield T-110
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophobic grade TiO2 suitable for high SPF formulas in sun care and skin care.
TRI-K Industries
TRIshield T-150
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophobic grade TiO2 with a high quality coating resulting in excellent dispersibility and stability in sun care and skin care formulas.
TRI-K Industries
TRIshield TS-510
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophobic TiO2 with high quality coating positioned for products formulated with high level of silicones. Excellent for skin care and make-up with SPF claims.
Vevy Europe
Odor: characteristic
Use: absorbing and protectant compound for body and dermatological powders and sprinkles.
Zhong Ya Chemical
Titanium Dioxide Tech Grade
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intratracheal-rat LD > 100 ug/kg
Industrial Health. Vol. 35, Pg. 61, 1997.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
coloring agents
Recommendation for titanium dioxide usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for titanium dioxide flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on Titanium dioxide
View page or View pdf

Re-evaluation of titanium dioxide (E 171) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

Evaluation of four new studies on the potential toxicity of titanium dioxide used as a food additive (E 171)
View page or View pdf

EFSA statement on the review of the risks related to the exposure to the food additive titanium dioxide (E 171) performed by the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (ANSES)
View page or View pdf

Safety assessment of the substance, titanium dioxide surface treated with fluoride-modified alumina, for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

Scienti?c opinion on the proposed amendment of the EU speci?cations for titanium dioxide (E 171) with respect to the inclusion of additional parameters related to its particle size distribution
View page or View pdf

Safety assessment of titanium dioxide (E171) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of a feed additive consisting of titanium dioxide for all animal species (Titanium Dioxide Manufacturers Association)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):13463-67-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :26042
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:13463-67-7
Pubchem (cid):26042
Pubchem (sid):134991003
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):D01931
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36020
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
FDA Color Additive Status ListView
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 cosmetic colorants
 opacifying agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 aerolyst 7710
 aquaspersabil R TiO2
 bayertitan AN 3
 biogenic titania-100
 c.i. 77891
 ci 77891
 CI pigment white 6
 coverleaf MF
 hallbrite T-97
 kalixide CT (Vevy)
 kronos 2073
 oleosperse R TiO2
 oleosperse TiO2
 optisol OT50
 optisol OTP1
 photolite LY-S
 photolite PK-S
 siclone TD-150
 titanium (IV) dioxide
 titanium (IV) oxide
 titanium dioxide FCC
 titanium dioxide microfine dispersion in C12-15 alkyl benzoate 48.5
 titanium dioxide microfine dispersion in caprylic-capric triglyderide 48.5
 titanium dioxide microfine dispersion in octyl palmitate 48.5
 titanium dioxide tech grade
 titanium dioxide USP FCC hombitan AFDC
 titanium oxide
 titanium white
 titanium(IV) oxide
 titanium, dioxo-
 trishield TS-510
 unitane 0-110
 uniwhite AO


PubMed:Biomedical applications of nano-titania in theranostics and photodynamic therapy.
PubMed:Developmental toxicity studies with 6 forms of titanium dioxide test materials (3 pigment-different grade & 3 nanoscale) demonstrate an absence of effects in orally-exposed rats.
PubMed:Functional, thermal, and antimicrobial properties of soluble soybean polysaccharide biocomposites reinforced by nano TiO2.
PubMed:Polyethylene Films Containing Silver Nanoparticles for Applications in Food Packaging: Characterization of Physico-Chemical and Anti-Microbial Properties.
PubMed:Effect of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on the cardiovascular system after oral administration.
PubMed:Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Consumer safety (SCCS) - Revision of the opinion on the safety of the use of titanium dioxide, nano form, in cosmetic products.
PubMed:Risk assessment strategies for nanoscale and fine-sized titanium dioxide particles: Recognizing hazard and exposure issues.
PubMed:Effects of human food grade titanium dioxide nanoparticle dietary exposure on Drosophila melanogaster survival, fecundity, pupation and expression of antioxidant genes.
PubMed:Acute and subchronic oral toxicity studies in rats with nanoscale and pigment grade titanium dioxide particles.
PubMed:Pharmaceutical/food grade titanium dioxide particles are absorbed into the bloodstream of human volunteers.
PubMed:A review on potential neurotoxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Nanomaterials in consumer products: a challenging analytical problem.
PubMed:Silver and titanium dioxide nanoparticles alter oxidative/inflammatory response and renin-angiotensin system in brain.
PubMed:Inhalation of titanium dioxide induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated autophagy and inflammation in mice.
PubMed:Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Trigger Loss of Function and Perturbation of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Primary Hepatocytes.
PubMed:Comparison of Infectious Agents Susceptibility to Photocatalytic Effects of Nanosized Titanium and Zinc Oxides: A Practical Approach.
PubMed:Effect of Anatase Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on the Flexural Strength of Heat Cured Poly Methyl Methacrylate Resins: An In-Vitro Study.
PubMed:Development of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2 ) Nanocoatings on Food Contact Surfaces and Method to Evaluate Their Durability and Photocatalytic Bactericidal Property.
PubMed:TiO2 Nanoparticle Exposure Decreases Spermatogenesis via Biochemical Dysfunctions in the Testis of Male Mice.
PubMed:A review of critical factors for assessing the dermal absorption of metal oxide nanoparticles from sunscreens applied to humans, and a research strategy to address current deficiencies.
PubMed:Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Induce Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Mediated Autophagic Cell Death via Mitochondria-Associated Endoplasmic Reticulum Membrane Disruption in Normal Lung Cells.
PubMed:Interaction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles with glucose on young rats after oral administration.
PubMed:Biological effect of food additive titanium dioxide nanoparticles on intestine: an in vitro study.
PubMed:Transmission and Accumulation of Nano-TiO2 in a 2-Step Food Chain (Scenedesmus obliquus to Daphnia magna).
PubMed:DNA extraction from plant food supplements: Influence of different pharmaceutical excipients.
PubMed:Estimation of TiO2 nanoparticle-induced genotoxicity persistence and possible chronic gastritis-induction in mice.
PubMed:The immunomodulatory effects of titanium dioxide and silver nanoparticles.
PubMed:Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on Orange Fruit Surfaces and in Juice Using Photocatalysis and High Hydrostatic Pressure.
PubMed:The great big question: about really tiny materials.
PubMed:An innovative method for immobilizing sucrose isomerase on ε-poly-L-lysine modified mesoporous TiO2.
PubMed:Relationship between wheat characteristics and nutrient digestibility in broilers: comparison between total collection and marker (titanium dioxide) technique.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles: some aspects of toxicity/focus on the development.
PubMed:The effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nano-objects, and their aggregates and agglomerates greater than 100nm (NOAA) on microbes under UV irradiation.
PubMed:Characterizing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in sunscreen spray.
PubMed:Comparing Acute Effects of a Nano-TiO2 Pigment on Cosmopolitan Freshwater Phototrophic Microbes Using High-Throughput Screening.
PubMed:Mechanistic Investigation of the Biological Effects of SiO₂, TiO₂, and ZnO Nanoparticles on Intestinal Cells.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles alter cellular morphology via disturbing the microtubule dynamics.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles enhance mortality of fish exposed to bacterial pathogens.
PubMed:Effects of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on the Synthesis of Fibroin in Silkworm (Bombyx mori).
PubMed:Effect of food processing organic matter on photocatalytic bactericidal activity of titanium dioxide (TiO2).
PubMed:Chances and limitations of nanosized titanium dioxide practical application in view of its physicochemical properties.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity, cell uptake and microscopic analysis of titanium dioxide and silver nanoparticles in vitro.
PubMed:Development of wheat gluten/nanocellulose/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for active food packaging.
PubMed:Impact of anatase and rutile titanium dioxide nanoparticles on uptake carriers and efflux pumps in Caco-2 gut epithelial cells.
PubMed:Arsenic removal by nanoparticles: a review.
PubMed:Visible light caffeic acid degradation by carbon-doped titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Detection and characterization of SiO2 and TiO2 nanostructures in dietary supplements.
PubMed:Genotoxic testing of titanium dioxide anatase nanoparticles using the wing-spot test and the comet assay in Drosophila.
PubMed:Effects of nano-TiO2 on antibiotic resistance transfer mediated by RP4 plasmid.
PubMed:Packaging modifications for protecting flavor of extended-shelf-life milk from light.
PubMed:Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores and digestible indispensable amino acid scores differentially describe protein quality in growing male rats.
PubMed:Nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 (TiO2 NPs) upregulates the expression of silkworm (Bombyx mori) neuropeptide receptor and promotes silkworm feeding, growth, and silking.
PubMed:Chronic exposure to nanoparticulate TiO2 causes renal fibrosis involving activation of the Wnt pathway in mouse kidney.
PubMed:Interactions between nano-TiO2 and the oral cavity: impact of nanomaterial surface hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity.
PubMed:The challenge of studying TiO2 nanoparticle bioaccumulation at environmental concentrations: crucial use of a stable isotope tracer.
PubMed:Identification of nanoscale ingredients in commercial food products and their induction of mitochondrially mediated cytotoxic effects on human mesenchymal stem cells.
PubMed:Subacute toxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in male rats: emotional behavior and pathophysiological examination.
PubMed:Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles isolated from confectionery products on the metabolic stress pathway in human lung fibroblast cells.
PubMed:A competitive photoelectrochemical assay for estradiol based on in situ generated CdS-enhanced TiO2.
PubMed:Identification of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in food products: induce intracellular oxidative stress mediated by TNF and CYP1A genes in human lung fibroblast cells.
PubMed:TiO2 nanoparticles induce DNA double strand breaks and cell cycle arrest in human alveolar cells.
PubMed:Novel molecularly imprinted stir bar sorptive extraction based on an 8-electrode array for preconcentration of trace exogenous estrogens in meat.
PubMed:Photoproducts of carminic acid formed by a composite from Manihot dulcis waste.
PubMed:Photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide nanoparticles affect habitat selection of and food quality for a key species in the leaf litter decomposition process.
PubMed:TiO2 nanoparticle-induced neurotoxicity may be involved in dysfunction of glutamate metabolism and its receptor expression in mice.
PubMed:Bioaccumulation of ionic titanium and titanium dioxide nanoparticles in zebrafish eleutheroembryos.
PubMed:FD&C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) degradation via reactive oxygen species triggered by TiO2 and Au/TiO2 nanoparticles exposed to simulated sunlight.
PubMed:Radical intermediates in photoinduced reactions on TiO2 (an EPR spin trapping study).
PubMed:Cytotoxicity, DNA damage, and apoptosis induced by titanium dioxide nanoparticles in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells.
PubMed:Immobilization of cellulase on TiO2 nanoparticles by physical and covalent methods: a comparative study.
PubMed:Concerns regarding nanosized titanium dioxide nasal exposure and neurotoxicity study by Ze et al.
PubMed:[Titanium dioxide nanoparticles: occupational exposure limits].
PubMed:Engineered photoelectrochemical platform for rational global antioxidant capacity evaluation based on ultrasensitive sulfonated graphene-TiO2 nanohybrid.
PubMed:Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice.
PubMed:[Oral exposure to titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanoparticles: from translocation through oral and intestinal epithelia to fate and effects in the organism].
PubMed:Critical review of public health regulations of titanium dioxide, a human food additive.
PubMed:Minimization of methabenzthiazuron residues in leaching water using amended soils and photocatalytic treatment with TiO2 and ZnO.
PubMed:UVB irradiation enhances TiO2 nanoparticle-induced disruption of calcium homeostasis in human lens epithelial cells.
PubMed:Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue under UV light irradiation on prepared carbonaceous TiO2.
PubMed:Th2 factors may be involved in TiO₂ NP-induced hepatic inflammation.
PubMed:Anti-quorum sensing activity of AgCl-TiO2 nanoparticles with potential use as active food packaging material.
PubMed:A new room temperature gas sensor based on pigment-sensitized TiO2 thin film for amines determination.
PubMed:Characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in food products: analytical methods to define nanoparticles.
PubMed:Extraction and preconcentration of tylosin from milk samples through functionalized TiO₂ nanoparticles reinforced with a hollow fiber membrane as a novel solid/liquid-phase microextraction technique.
PubMed:Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity of a hierarchical-ordered TiO₂ mesocrystal and its sensing application on a carbon nanohorn support scaffold.
PubMed:Food grade titanium dioxide disrupts intestinal brush border microvilli in vitro independent of sedimentation.
PubMed:Safety of PVAP and PVAP-T including a 90-day dietary toxicity study in rats and genotoxicity tests with polyvinyl acetate phthalate (PVAP).
PubMed:Effects of feeding silkworm with nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 (TiO2 NPs) on its feed efficiency.
PubMed:Comparison of a novel TiO₂/diatomite composite and pure TiO₂ for the purification of phosvitin phosphopeptides.
PubMed:Assessment of titanium dioxide nanoparticle effects in bacteria: association, uptake, mutagenicity, co-mutagenicity and DNA repair inhibition.
PubMed:Prospects and difficulties in TiO₂ nanoparticles analysis in cosmetic and food products using asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Different modes of TiO2 uptake by Ceriodaphnia dubia: relevance to toxicity and bioaccumulation.
PubMed:Characterization of food-grade titanium dioxide: the presence of nanosized particles.
PubMed:Halogen- and acid-free syntheses of TiO2 nanocrystal coatings and high surface area TiO2 nanocrystal-assembled particles.
PubMed:Nano-hydroxyapatite and nano-titanium dioxide exhibit different subcellular distribution and apoptotic profile in human oral epithelium.
PubMed:Migration of PAHs in food industry sludge to the air during removal by UV and TiO2.
PubMed:Transgenerational effects of NMs.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Mechanistic characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticle-induced toxicity using electron spin resonance.
PubMed:Removal of TiO2 Nanoparticles During Primary Water Treatment: Role of Coagulant Type, Dose, and Nanoparticle Concentration.
PubMed:Detecting free radicals in sunscreens exposed to UVA radiation using chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Migration of Ti from nano-TiO₂-polyethylene composite packaging into food simulants.
PubMed:TiO2 nanoparticles induced hippocampal neuroinflammation in mice.
PubMed:Dietary A1 β-casein affects gastrointestinal transit time, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity, and inflammatory status relative to A2 β-casein in Wistar rats.
PubMed:Using ICP-qMS to trace the uptake of nanoscale titanium dioxide by microalgae-potential disadvantages of vegetable reference material.
PubMed:Genotoxic evaluation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed:Integrated approach to the in vivo genotoxic effects of a titanium dioxide nanomaterial using LacZ plasmid-based transgenic mice.
PubMed:Development and characterization of the kefiran-whey protein isolate-TiO2 nanocomposite films.
PubMed:Listeria monocytogenes behaviour in presence of non-UV-irradiated titanium dioxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Method development and inter-laboratory comparison about the determination of titanium from titanium dioxide nanoparticles in tissues by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Combined effect of UV-irradiation and TiO₂-nanoparticles on the predator-prey interaction of gammarids and mayfly nymphs.
PubMed:TiO(2) nanoparticles and bulk material stimulate human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
PubMed:Speciation of chromium and its distribution in tea leaves and tea infusion using titanium dioxide nanotubes packed microcolumn coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Evaluation of the effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on cultured Rana catesbeiana tailfin tissue.
PubMed:Dynamic changes in ribosome-associated proteome and phosphoproteome during deoxynivalenol-induced translation inhibition and ribotoxic stress.
PubMed:Self-doped rutile titania with high performance for direct and ultrafast assay of H2O2.
PubMed:Progress in the characterization and safety evaluation of engineered inorganic nanomaterials in food.
PubMed:Nasal and pulmonary toxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in rats.
PubMed:Anti-biofilm efficacy of low temperature processed AgCl-TiO2 nanocomposite coating.
PubMed:Effect of intracerebroventricular injection of TiO2 nanoparticles on complex behaviour in the rat.
PubMed:Nanoparticle toxicity by the gastrointestinal route: evidence and knowledge gaps.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles relieve silk gland damage and increase cocooning of Bombyx mori under phoxim-induced toxicity.
PubMed:Investigation on likely effects of Ag, TiO2, and ZnO nanoparticles on sewage treatment.
PubMed:Exogenous pigment in Peyer patches of children suspected of having IBD.
PubMed:Brown seaweed pigment as a dye source for photoelectrochemical solar cells.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles affect the growth and microRNA expression of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum).
PubMed:Photocatalytic bacterial inactivation by TiO2-coated surfaces.
PubMed:Engineered nanoparticle adhesion and removal from tomato surfaces.
PubMed:Can biowarfare agents be defeated with light?
PubMed:Synchrotron verification of TiO2 accumulation in cucumber fruit: a possible pathway of TiO2 nanoparticle transfer from soil into the food chain.
PubMed:Minimal intestinal epithelial cell toxicity in response to short- and long-term food-relevant inorganic nanoparticle exposure.
PubMed:Biosafety assessment of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in acutely exposed nematode Caenorhabditis elegans with mutations of genes required for oxidative stress or stress response.
PubMed:Electrochemical sensor based on graphene and mesoporous TiO2 for the simultaneous determination of trace colourants in food.
PubMed:Renal injury and Nrf2 modulation in mouse kidney following chronic exposure to TiO₂ nanoparticles.
PubMed:Acute toxicity of intravenously administered titanium dioxide nanoparticles in mice.
PubMed:Lipidomic fingerprint of almonds (Prunus dulcis L. cv Nonpareil) using TiO₂ nanoparticle based matrix solid-phase dispersion and MALDI-TOF/MS and its potential in geographical origin verification.
PubMed:Differential growth of and nanoscale TiO₂ accumulation in Tetrahymena thermophila by direct feeding versus trophic transfer from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
PubMed:A new sensor for ammonia based on cyanidin-sensitized titanium dioxide film operating at room temperature.
PubMed:Early phosphoproteomic changes in the mouse spleen during deoxynivalenol-induced ribotoxic stress.
PubMed:Method for toxicity test of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in ciliate protozoan Tetrahymena.
PubMed:Nano-titanium dioxide induced cardiac injury in rat under oxidative stress.
PubMed:Photosensitizing effects of nanometer TiO2 on chlorothalonil photodegradation in aqueous solution and on the surface of pepper.
PubMed:Impact of nano and bulk ZrO2, TiO2 particles on soil nutrient contents and PGPR.
PubMed:Toxicological mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced spleen injury in mice after repeated peroral application.
PubMed:How to measure hazards/risks following exposures to nanoscale or pigment-grade titanium dioxide particles.
PubMed:Effective treatment of olive mill effluents from two-phase and three-phase extraction processes by batch membranes in series operation upon threshold conditions.
PubMed:Titania-based molecularly imprinted polymer for sulfonic acid dyes prepared by sol-gel method.
PubMed:Comparative study on effects of two different types of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on human neuronal cells.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles: a review of current toxicological data.
PubMed:Influence of different types of nanomaterials on their bioaccumulation in a paddy microcosm: a comparison of TiO2 nanoparticles and nanotubes.
PubMed:TiO2 nanoparticle thin film-coated optical fiber Fabry-Perot sensor.
PubMed:A simplified method for determining titanium from TiO2 nanoparticles in fish tissue with a concomitant multi-element analysis.
PubMed:In vivo effects of n-TiO2 on digestive gland and immune function of the marine bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis.
PubMed:Effects of nanoparticles of TiO2 on food depletion and life-history responses of Daphnia magna.
PubMed:Effect of TiO2 photocatalytic activity in a HDPE-based food packaging on the structural and microbiological stability of a short-ripened cheese.
PubMed:Use of natural products as green reducing agents to fabricate highly effective nanodisinfectants.
PubMed:Global protein phosphorylation dynamics during deoxynivalenol-induced ribotoxic stress response in the macrophage.
PubMed:On the application of nanostructured electrodes prepared by Ti/TiO2/WO3 "template": a case study of removing toxicity of indigo using visible irradiation.
PubMed:Enzyme-mimetic effects of gold@platinum nanorods on the antioxidant activity of ascorbic acid.
PubMed:Microparticles and their impact on intestinal immunity.
PubMed:An integrated sensing system for detection of cholesterol based on TiO₂-graphene-Pt-Pd hybrid nanocomposites.
PubMed:Titanium oxide nanoparticle instillation induces inflammation and inhibits lung development in mice.
PubMed:Study of the photocatalytic transformation of synephrine: a biogenic amine relevant in anti-doping analysis.
PubMed:Behavior of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in Lemna minor growth test conditions.
PubMed:Silica and silica-titania sol-gel materials: synthesis and analytical application.
PubMed:Photocatalytic pre-treatment with food-grade TiO(2) increases the bioavailability and bioremediation potential of weathered oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
PubMed:Available lysine and digestible amino acid contents of proteinaceous foods of India.
PubMed:Exposure of juvenile Danio rerio to aged TiO₂ nanomaterial from sunscreen.
PubMed:Characterization and preliminary toxicity assay of nano-titanium dioxide additive in sugar-coated chewing gum.
PubMed:Titanium Dioxide Nanofibers and Microparticles Containing Nickel Nanoparticles.
PubMed:Nanomaterials in plant protection and fertilization: current state, foreseen applications, and research priorities.
PubMed:Susceptibility of young and adult rats to the oral toxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide in our everyday life; is it safe?
PubMed:A simple gold plate electrode modified with Gd-doped TiO₂ nanoparticles used for determination of trace nitrite in cured food.
PubMed:How do stream organisms respond to, and influence, the concentration of titanium dioxide nanoparticles? A mesocosm study with algae and herbivores.
PubMed:Effects of aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on Artemia salina: assessment of nanoparticle aggregation, accumulation, and toxicity.
PubMed:Genotoxicity evaluation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles using the Ames test and Comet assay.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of TiO(2) anatase nanoparticles in B6C3F1 male mice evaluated using Pig-a and flow cytometric micronucleus assays.
PubMed:Phototoxicity of nano titanium dioxides in HaCaT keratinocytes--generation of reactive oxygen species and cell damage.
PubMed:Photocytotoxicity in human dermal fibroblasts elicited by permanent makeup inks containing titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Isoelectric solubilization/precipitation as a means to recover protein isolate from striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and its physicochemical properties in a nutraceutical seafood product.
PubMed:A facile and sensitive detection of pathogenic bacteria using magnetic nanoparticles and optical nanocrystal probes.
PubMed:Acclimation of Tetrahymena thermophila to bulk and nano-TiO2 particles by changes in membrane fatty acids saturation.
PubMed:Color of low-fat cheese influences flavor perception and consumer liking.
PubMed:Prolonged feeding of terrestrial isopod (Porcellio scaber, Isopoda, Crustacea) on TiO (2) nanoparicles. Absence of toxic effect.
PubMed:A three-prong strategy to develop functional food using protein isolates recovered from chicken processing by-products with isoelectric solubilization/precipitation.
PubMed:Lack of promoting effect of titanium dioxide particles on chemically-induced skin carcinogenesis in rats and mice.
PubMed:Cell membrane integrity and internalization of ingested TiO(2) nanoparticles by digestive gland cells of a terrestrial isopod.
PubMed:Tissue distribution and histopathological effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles after intravenous or subcutaneous injection in mice.
PubMed:Highly selective capture of phosphopeptides using a nano titanium dioxide-multiwalled carbon nanotube nanocomposite.
PubMed:Selective determination of catechin among phenolic antioxidants with the use of a novel optical fiber reflectance sensor based on indophenol dye formation on nano-sized TiO₂.
PubMed:Effects of aged TiO2 nanomaterial from sunscreen on Daphnia magna exposed by dietary route.
PubMed:Distinctive toxicity of TiO2 rutile/anatase mixed phase nanoparticles on Caco-2 cells.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide nanoparticles in food and personal care products.
PubMed:Effects of TiO2 based photocatalytic paint on concentrations and emissions of pollutants and on animal performance in a swine weaning unit.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives.
PubMed:Photocatalytic degradation of phenanthrene on soil surfaces in the presence of nanometer anatase TiO2 under UV-light.
PubMed:[Influence of dioxide titanium nanoparticles on immune system indicators in rats].
PubMed:Effect of ingested titanium dioxide nanoparticles on the digestive gland cell membrane of terrestrial isopods.
PubMed:[Values of the micronucleus test on animal epithelial cells exposed to titanium dioxide].
PubMed:Cathodic electrochemiluminescent behavior of luminol at nafion-nano-TiO2 modified glassy carbon electrode.
PubMed:Diet and risk of inflammatory bowel disease.
PubMed:Effect of photocatalytic and hydrophobic coatings on brewery surface microorganisms.
PubMed:The effect of TiO(2) and Ag nanoparticles on reproduction and development of Drosophila melanogaster and CD-1 mice.
PubMed:Photodegradation of hexythiazox in different solvent systems under the influence of ultraviolet light and sunlight in the presence of TiO2, H2O2, and KNO3 and identification of the photometabolites.
PubMed:Investigation of genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of micro- and nanosized titanium dioxide in six organs of mice in vivo.
PubMed:Effects of nano-TiO(2) in combination with ambient UV-irradiation on a leaf shredding amphipod.
PubMed:Distinct biological effects of different nanoparticles commonly used in cosmetics and medicine coatings.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additive and contaminants.
PubMed:Survival of Staphylococcus aureus exposed to UV radiation on the surface of ceramic tiles coated with TiO2.
PubMed:Gold-silver-graphene hybrid nanosheets-based sensors for sensitive amperometric immunoassay of alpha-fetoprotein using nanogold-enclosed titania nanoparticles as labels.
PubMed:Methods for the determination of European Union-permitted added natural colours in foods: a review.
PubMed:Lack of promoting effect of titanium dioxide particles on ultraviolet B-initiated skin carcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed:Analytical methods for SiO2 and other inorganic oxides in titanium dioxide or certain silicates for food additive specifications.
PubMed:Ecotoxicological effects of an aged TiO2 nanocomposite measured as apoptosis in the anecic earthworm Lumbricus terrestris after exposure through water, food and soil.
PubMed:Responses of Ceriodaphnia dubia to TiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles: a dynamic nano-toxicity assessment of energy budget distribution.
PubMed:The state of nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) may affect sunscreen performance.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in sunscreens: focus on their safety and effectiveness.
PubMed:Lack of skin carcinogenicity of topically applied titanium dioxide nanoparticles in the mouse.
PubMed:Use of titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysts as alternative means for Listeria monocytogenes biofilm disinfection in food processing.
PubMed:Particles which may occur in food or food packaging can exert cytotoxicity and (oxidative) DNA damage in target cells of the human intestine.
PubMed:[Toxicological and hygiene characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticles introduced to the gastrointestinal tract of rats. Communication 1. Integral, biochemical and hematologic indices, small intestinal macromolecule absorption, DNA damage].
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives. Seventy-first report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles at two trophic levels: plant and human lymphocytes.
PubMed:Involvement of JNK and P53 activation in G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by titanium dioxide nanoparticles in neuron cells.
PubMed:Evaluation of two milk replacers fed to hand-reared cheetah cubs (Acinonyx jubatus): nutrient composition, apparent total tract digestibility, and comparison to maternal cheetah milk.
PubMed:Activation of the inflammasome by amorphous silica and TiO2 nanoparticles in murine dendritic cells.
PubMed:A combination of hot air treatment and nano-packing reduces fruit decay and maintains quality in postharvest Chinese bayberries.
PubMed:FTIR study of the effect of nTiO2 on the biochemical constituents of gill tissues of Zebrafish (Danio rerio).
PubMed:Comparative study of predictive computational models for nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity.
PubMed:Iron in vitro bioavailability and iodine storage stability in double-fortified salt.
PubMed:Microbiological shelf life of pasteurized milk in bottle and pouch.
PubMed:Ranking initial environmental and human health risk resulting from environmentally relevant nanomaterials.
PubMed:Nanoparticles: a closer look at their dermal effects.
PubMed:Partial depolymerization of pectin by a photochemical reaction.
PubMed:Trophic transfer of TiO(2) nanoparticles from Daphnia to zebrafish in a simplified freshwater food chain.
PubMed:Comparative cytotoxicity of Al2O3, CeO2, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles to human lung cells.
PubMed:[Quickly determination of titanium dioxide content in juice based on Vis/NIR spectroscopy technique].
PubMed:Probing the phosphoproteome of HeLa cells using nanocast metal oxide microspheres for phosphopeptide enrichment.
PubMed:Selective enrichment of phosphatidylcholines from food and biological matrices using metal oxides as solid-phase extraction materials prior to analysis by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS.
PubMed:Enzymatic recognition of DNA damage induced by UVB-photosensitized titanium dioxide and biological consequences in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: evidence for oxidatively DNA damage generation.
PubMed:Lack of significant dermal penetration of titanium dioxide from sunscreen formulations containing nano- and submicron-size TiO2 particles.
PubMed:Quantification of iprodione in dry basil using silica gel supported titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Toxicity and bioaccumulation of TiO2 nanoparticle aggregates in Daphnia magna.
PubMed:Hydroxyapatite affinity chromatography for the highly selective enrichment of mono- and multi-phosphorylated peptides in phosphoproteome analysis.
PubMed:Biocompatible electrochemiluminescent biosensor for choline based on enzyme/titanate nanotubes/chitosan composite modified electrode.
PubMed:A portable photoelectrochemical probe for rapid determination of chemical oxygen demand in wastewaters.
PubMed:Solar photochemical treatment of winery wastewater in a CPC reactor.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of whey protein film incorporated with TiO2 nanoparticles.
PubMed:Antimicrobial efficiency of titanium dioxide-coated surfaces.
PubMed:Enhanced photocatalytic disinfection of P. expansum in cold storage using a TiO2/ACF film.
PubMed:Quality of sour cream packaged in cups with different light barrier properties measured by fluorescence spectroscopy and sensory analysis.
PubMed:Disinfection of iceberg lettuce by titanium dioxide-UV photocatalytic reaction.
PubMed:Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) gold-nanoparticle-doped titanium dioxide (GTD) photonic crystals modified electrodes for hydrogen peroxide biosensor.
PubMed:Removal of simazine in a UV/TiO2 heterogeneous system.
PubMed:Photocatalytic properties of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide films in the degradation of domoic acid in aqueous solution: potential for use in molluscan shellfish biotoxin depuration facilities.
PubMed:Photolytic depolymerization of alginate.
PubMed:New approaches for determination of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid from different tea samples--prospects and limits of cleanup with molecularly imprinted polymer and titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Particle size determination of sunscreens formulated with various forms of titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Selective extraction of phospholipids from dairy products by micro-solid phase extraction based on titanium dioxide microcolumns followed by MALDI-TOF-MS analysis.
PubMed:Endogenous components of digesta protein from the terminal ileum of pigs fed a casein-based diet.
PubMed:Sensory stability of ultra-high temperature milk in polyethylene bottle.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of organically modified nano-clays.
PubMed:Synthesis of nano B2O3/TiO2 composite material as a new solid phase extractor and its application to preconcentration and separation of cadmium.
PubMed:Effects of ingested nano-sized titanium dioxide on terrestrial isopods (Porcellio scaber).
PubMed:Toxicity of nanoparticulate and bulk ZnO, Al2O3 and TiO2 to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Effect of UVA irradiance on photocatalytic and UVA inactivation of Bacillus cereus spores.
PubMed:In vivo screening to determine hazards of nanoparticles: nanosized TiO2.
PubMed:Photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol.
PubMed:Nanotoxicity of TiO(2) nanoparticles to erythrocyte in vitro.
PubMed:[Spectrum study of organochlorine pesticides after nano TiO2 photocatalytic degradation in AgNO3 medium].
PubMed:A clean-up method by photocatalysis for HPLC analysis of iprodione in dry basil.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in mouse fibroblast cells.
PubMed:Safety evaluation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles by their absorption and elimination profiles.
PubMed:Gallic acid photochemical oxidation as a model compound of winery wastewaters.
PubMed:Detoxification of phytotoxic compounds by TiO2 photocatalysis in a recycling hydroponic cultivation system of asparagus.
PubMed:Ecotoxicity of engineered nanoparticles to aquatic invertebrates: a brief review and recommendations for future toxicity testing.
PubMed:Heterogeneous photocatalytic disinfection of wash waters from the fresh-cut vegetable industry.
PubMed:Photocatalytic antimicrobial activity of thin surface films of TiO(2), CuO and TiO (2)/CuO dual layers on Escherichia coli and bacteriophage T4.
PubMed:Development of TiO2 powder-coated food packaging film and its ability to inactivate Escherichia coli in vitro and in actual tests.
PubMed:Photochemical UV/TiO2 treatment of olive mill wastewater (OMW).
PubMed:Photocatalytic treatment of black table olive processing wastewater.
PubMed:Bactericidal effect of TiO2 on the selected Vibrio parahaemolyticus and optimization using response surface methodology.
PubMed:Immediate functional loading of single-tooth TIO2 grit-blasted implant restorations: a controlled prospective study in a porcine model. Part I: Clinical outcome.
PubMed:Dietary microparticles and their impact on tolerance and immune responsiveness of the gastrointestinal tract.
PubMed:Photocatalytic ozonation of winery wastewaters.
PubMed:Mexoryl: a review of an ultraviolet a filter.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed:Behavioral and physiological changes in Daphnia magna when exposed to nanoparticle suspensions (titanium dioxide, nano-C60, and C60HxC70Hx).
PubMed:High-performance dual-action polymer-TiO2 nanocomposite films via melting processing.
PubMed:Photocatalytic TiO2 coating-to reduce ammonia and greenhouse gases concentration and emission from animal husbandries.
PubMed:Adsorption to metal oxides of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa siderophore pyoverdine and implications for bacterial biofilm formation on metals.
PubMed:Available (ileal digestible reactive) lysine in selected pet foods.
PubMed:The effect of a commercial enzyme preparation on apparent metabolizable energy, the true ileal amino acid digestibility, and endogenous ileal lysine losses in broiler chickens.
PubMed:Titanium dioxide/UV photocatalytic disinfection in fresh carrots.
PubMed:Carboxy-terminated oligo(ethylene glycol)-alkane phosphate: synthesis and self-assembly on titanium oxide surfaces.
PubMed:Fine particles that adsorb lipopolysaccharide via bridging calcium cations may mimic bacterial pathogenicity towards cells.
PubMed:Available (ileal digestible reactive) lysine in selected cereal-based food products.
PubMed:Enhanced photocatalytic activity in composites of TiO2 nanotubes and CdS nanoparticles.
PubMed:Phosphorylation of B14.5a subunit from bovine heart complex I identified by titanium dioxide selective enrichment and shotgun proteomics.
PubMed:Transdermal absorption of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid is enhanced by both ethanol consumption and sunscreen application.
PubMed:The potential risks of nanomaterials: a review carried out for ECETOC.
PubMed:True ileal amino acid digestibility of goat and cow milk infant formulas.
PubMed:Sanitation of seawater effluent from seaweed processing plants using a photo-catalytic TiO2 oxidation.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of TiO2 photocatalysis against Penicillium expansum in vitro and in fruit tests.
PubMed:Response of mouse skin to tattooing: use of SKH-1 mice as a surrogate model for human tattooing.
PubMed:Reactive oxygen species produced upon photoexcitation of sunscreens containing titanium dioxide (an EPR study).
PubMed:Dietary sources of inorganic microparticles and their intake in healthy subjects and patients with Crohn's disease.
PubMed:[The effects of fluorescent lamp coated with a photocatalyst film on the number of floating microorganisms or smell molecules in a room installed with the lamp].
PubMed:Determination of tackiness of chitosan film-coated pellets exploiting minimum fluidization velocity.
PubMed:Evaluation of relative photonic efficiency in heterogeneous photocatalytic reactors.
PubMed:Effect of microbial phytase on ileal digestibility of phytate phosphorus, total phosphorus, and amino acids in a low-phosphorus diet for broilers.
PubMed:Bactericidal effect of TiO2 photocatalyst on selected food-borne pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed:The effect of titanium dioxide alumina beads on the photocatalytic degradation of picloram in water.
PubMed:Degradation pathway of dicyclanil in water in the presence of titanium dioxide. Comparison with photolysis.
PubMed:Effects of wheat variety and specific weight on dietary apparent metabolisable energy concentration and performance of broiler chicks.
PubMed:Fine and ultrafine particles of the diet: influence on the mucosal immune response and association with Crohn's disease.
PubMed:The effects of plasticizers and titanium dioxide on the properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) coatings.
PubMed:Efficacy and tolerability of a low microparticle diet in a double blind, randomized, pilot study in Crohn's disease.
PubMed:Determination of titanium dioxide in foods using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry.
PubMed:Enzymes (beta-glucanase and arabinoxylanase) and/or sepiolite supplementation and the nutritive value of maize-barley-wheat based diets for broiler chickens.
PubMed:Microfine zinc oxide (Z-cote) as a photostable UVA/UVB sunblock agent.
PubMed:The photogenotoxicity of titanium dioxide particles.
PubMed:Oxidative damage to nucleic acids photosensitized by titanium dioxide.
PubMed:Adsorption of bacteriocins by ingestible silica compounds.
PubMed:Characterisation of inorganic microparticles in pigment cells of human gut associated lymphoid tissue.
PubMed:Silicotic lymph node reactions in mice: genetic differences, correlation with macrophage markers, and independence from T lymphocytes.
PubMed:Evaluation of inert markers for the determination of ileal and faecal apparent digestibility values in the pig.
PubMed:Postcolumn formation of fluorophores from nitrogenous pesticides by UV photolysis.
PubMed:Pulmonary response to toner upon chronic inhalation exposure in rats.
PubMed:The use of titanium dioxide as an inert marker for digestion studies in raptors.
PubMed:Digestibility of pentose sugars and uronic acids and their effect on chick weight gain and caecal size.
PubMed:An in vitro lung epithelial cell system for evaluating the potential toxicity of inhalable materials.
PubMed:Influence of ambient temperature on feeding activity parameters and digestive function in domestic fowls.
PubMed:Collaborative study of the quantitative determination of titanium dioxide in cheese.
PubMed:The use of titanium dioxide as a catalyst for large-scale Kjeldahl determination of the total nitrogen content of cereal grains.
used medically as protectant against externally caused irritation & sunlight; high concentrations of dust may cause irritation to respiratory tract. Colour additive in foods; also found in foods as an indirect additive arising from its use in packaging materials, e.g. paper, cellophane
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