lecithin
phosphatidyl choline
 
Notes:
a complex mixture of phospholipids; glycolipids; and triglycerides; with substantial amounts of phosphatidylcholines; phosphatidylethanolamines; and phosphatidylinositols, which are sometimes loosely termed as 1,2-diacyl-3-phosphocholines. lecithin is a component of the cell membrane and commercially extracted from soybeans and egg yolk. the emulsifying and surfactant properties are useful in food additives and for forming organogels (gels). derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids. major egg yolk proteins from egg-laying animals such as non-mammalian vertebrates; arthropods; and others. they are high-density lipoglycoproteins derived from circulating precursors, vitellogenins. vitellins serve as nutrients for the growing non-mammalian embryos (embryo, nonmammalian). tsca definition 2008: the complex combination of diglycerides of fatty acids linked to the choline ester of phosphoric acid.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
CAS Number: 8002-43-5Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 232-307-2
Beilstein Number: 5209585
Formula: unspecified
Category: binding agents, emulsifiers, and anticaking agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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US Patents: Search
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1400 Lecithin View-review
GRN 134 Soy protein hydrolyzate with enzyme-modified lecithin View-notice PDF
GRN 226 Lecithin derived from krill View-notice PDF
EU SANCO Lecithins View-review
GRN 533 Lecithin from canola View-notice PDF
JECFA Food Additive: Lecithin
GSFA Codex: Lecithin (322(i))
DG SANTE Food Additives: lecithin
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: lecithin
FDA Mainterm: LECITHIN
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 133 -- CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.169 Pasteurized process cheese.


FDA PART 133 -- CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.173 Pasteurized process cheese food.


FDA PART 133 -- CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.179 Pasteurized process cheese spread.


FDA PART 136 -- BAKERY PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Bakery Products
Sec. 136.110 Bread, rolls, and buns.


FDA PART 169 -- FOOD DRESSINGS AND FLAVORINGS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Food Dressings and Flavorings
Sec. 169.115 French dressing.


FDA PART 169 -- FOOD DRESSINGS AND FLAVORINGS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Food Dressings and Flavorings
Sec. 169.140 Mayonnaise.


FDA PART 169 -- FOOD DRESSINGS AND FLAVORINGS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Food Dressings and Flavorings
Sec. 169.150 Salad dressing.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1400 Lecithin.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white to yellow liquid to solid (est)
Assay: 60.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 oils
 fats
 water, 2.751e-011 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 fixed oils
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength: none
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
bland fatty
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antistatic agents
emollients
emulsifying agents
skin conditioning
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
Lecithin Granular G2C
ADM
BEAKIN LV1 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Beakin brand lecithins are low viscosity fluid lecithins designed for ease in spraying at ambient temperatures and ease in dispersing into oil systems. Beakin lecithins are bland in flavor and light in color.
ADM
BEAKIN LV2 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Beakin lecithins are low viscosity fluid lecithins designed for ease in spraying at ambient temperatures and ease in dispersing into oil systems. Beakin lecithins are bland in flavor and light in color.
ADM
BEAKIN LV3 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Beakin brand lecithins are low viscosity fluid lecithins designed for ease in spraying at ambient temperatures and ease in dispersing into oil systems. Beakin lecithins are bland in flavor and light in color.
ADM
BEAKIN LV30 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Beakin brand lecithins are low viscosity fluid lecithins designed for ease in spraying at ambient temperatures and ease in dispersing into oil systems. Beakin lecithins are bland in flavor and light in color.
ADM
BEAKIN LV4 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Beakin lecithins are low viscosity fluid lecithins designed for ease in spraying at ambient temperatures and ease in dispersing into oil systems. Beakin lecithins are bland in flavor and light in color.
ADM
PERFORMIX E LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Performix brand lecithin is an edible blend of soy lecithin and other surface-active ingredients. Performix E is designed for applications requiring a highly water dispersible product with a high HLB.
ADM
THERMOLEC 200 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Thermolec Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties for both water- and oil-based application. Thermolec Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. When used between solid phases Thermolec Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Thermolec Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Thermolec Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. In addition, these lecithins are resistant to darkening due to heat (up to 350°F for the 200 product).
ADM
THERMOLEC 57 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Thermolec Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties for both water- and oil-based application. Thermolec Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. When used between solid phases Thermolec Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Thermolec Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Thermolec Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. In addition, these lecithins are resistant to darkening due to heat (up to 350°F for the 57 product).
ADM
THERMOLEC WFC LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Thermolec Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties for both water- and oil-based application. Thermolec Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. When used between solid phases Thermolec Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Thermolec Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Thermolec Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. In addition, these lecithins are resistant to darkening due to heat.
ADM
ULTRALEC® F LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Ultralec® F Lecithins are deoiled and are ideal for numerous food applications requiring a dry lecithin ingredient with a bland flavor and aroma. The product is manufactured by a new ultrafiltration process from soy phospholipids. Ultralec® Lecithins consist primarily of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylinositol (PI).
ADM
ULTRALEC® G LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Ultralec® Lecithins are deoiled and are ideal for numerous food applications requiring a dry lecithin ingredient with a bland flavor and aroma. The product is manufactured by a new ultrafiltration process from soy phospholipids. Ultralec® Lecithins consist primarily of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylinositol (PI).
ADM
ULTRALEC® P (POWDERED LECITHIN)
Flavor: characteristic
ULTRALEC® P (POWDERED LECITHIN) is used in a variety of food applications as a surfactant and emulsifier. Beneficial in emulsions to help hold suspension and as a wetting agent to improve water dispersibility.
ADM
YELKIN® 1018 LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® 1018 is a specially modified hydroxylated lecithin which is readily water-dispersible with good emulsifying properties. The product, exceptionally bland in aroma and flavor, is manufactured from soya phospholipids.
ADM
YELKIN® DS LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties. Yelkin® Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Yelkin® Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. When used between solid phases Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent.
ADM
YELKIN® GOLD LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® Gold is a premium quality standardized fluid soy lecithin applicable to numerous food and non-food emulsification uses. The product has been finely filtered to achieve a lustrous clarity and bland odor and flavor.
ADM
YELKIN® SS LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties. Yelkin® Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Yelkin® Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. When used between solid phases Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent.
ADM
YELKIN® T LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® Lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties. Yelkin® Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Yelkin® Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. When used between solid phases Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a lubricant or release agent.
ADM
YELKIN® TS LECITHIN
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkin® brand lecithin is a surface-active agent with unique properties. Yelkin Lecithin can modify the boundary layers between many types of substances. In the presence of two immiscible liquid phases, Yelkin Lecithin reduces the surface tension and acts as an emulsifier. When used between a solid and liquid phases -instantizing- Yelkin Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. When used between a solid and liquid phases (instantizing) Yelkin® Lecithin acts as a wetting and dispersing agent. Lecithin has been found useful in a wide variety of food processing, animal nutrition and industrial applications.
ADM
YELKINOL® AC
Flavor: characteristic
Yelkinol® Lecithins are oil-free and are ideal for numerous agricultural applications requiring a dry lecithin ingredient with a bland flavor and odor. The product is manufactured by a new ultrafiltration process from soy phospholipids. The product is available in powdered and granular form.
Austrade
Lecithin
Flavor: characteristic
Lecithin is widely used in food processing because of its dispersing, stabilizing, and emulsifying characteristics. Austrade Inc. offers a variety of lecithin obtained from three different vegetable sources.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Phosphatidyl choline
Odor: characteristic
Use: A major structural phospholipid in brain, comprising approx. 15% of total lipid; primarily localized to gray matter.
Bristol Botanicals
Lecithin
Cargill, Inc.
Chocotop™ fluid lecithins
Cargill, Inc.
Deoiled lecithin
Flavor: characteristic
Deoiled lecithin is highly concentrated lecithin in powder and granule form. Cargill is a supplier of deoiled lecithin. Deoiled lecithin is offered in a variety of particle sizes. Deoiled lecithin have high water dispersibility, and are easy to measure and handle without pumps.
Cargill, Inc.
Leciprime® fluid lecithins
Cargill, Inc.
Lecisoy® fluid lecithins
Cargill, Inc.
Metarin® Specialty Lecithins
Cargill, Inc.
Topcithin® fluid lecithins
Columbus Vegetable Oils
Unbleached Lecithin
H. Erhard Wagner
EWACITHIN 60 (Soybean Lecithin filtrated, liquid)
Kraft Chemical
Lecithin
Liberty Natural Products
LECITHIN GRANULES NON GMO USA
Liberty Natural Products
LECITHIN USA
Maypro Industries
Egg Yolk Lecithin
Maypro Industries
Lecithin
Penta International
LECITHIN GRANULAR NF FCC, Kosher, Halal
Penta International
LECITHIN GRANULAR
Penta International
LECITHIN LIQUID, Kosher
Prinova
Lecithin
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
L-a-Phosphatidylcholine from egg yolk, Type XVI-E, ≥99% (TLC), lyophilized powder
Silver Fern Chemical
Lecithin
Odor: characteristic
Use: Lecithin is most commonly used as an emulsifying agent. Its other applications include food products, paints, petroleum, printing inks, cosmetics, release agents, lubricants, and rubbers.
Soapers Choice
LECITHIN UNBLEACHED
Vevy Europe
AUGON-1000
Odor: characteristic
Use: emollient, moisturizer, W/O co-emulsifier, anti-oxydant.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 8 ml/kg
LIVER: OTHER CHANGES LIVER: FATTY LIVER DEGERATION
Laboratory Investigation. Vol. 47, Pg. 194, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: binding agents, emulsifiers, and anticaking agents
Recommendation for lecithin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for lecithin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on the public health risks of table eggs due to deterioration and development of pathogens
View page or View pdf
Outcome of the consultation with Member States and EFSA on the basic substance application for lecithins for use in plant protection as a fungicide on vineyards, fruit trees, vegetables and ornamentals
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of lecithins for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of lecithins (Lipidol) for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Re-evaluation of lecithins (E 322) as a food additive
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8002-43-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
Chemidplus: 0008002435
RTECS: OG7565000 for cas# 8002-43-5
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8002-43-5
Pubchem (sid): 134989681
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00157
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01176
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
MedlinePlusSupp: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents 
 emollients 
 emulsifying agents 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acti-flow 68-SB
 actiflo
 alcolec 621-F
 alcolec S
 chocotop fluid lecithins
 dulectin
 egg yolk
 emulthin M-35
 gliddex
 granulestin
 kelecin
 leciprime fluid lecithins
 lecisoy fluid lecithins
 lecithin granular
 lecithin granular G2C
 lecithin granular NF FCC
 lecithin liquid
 lecithin soya USP EP
 lecithol
 metarin specialty lecithins
 ovovitellin
 phosphatidyl choline
 soybean lecithin
 topcithin fluid lecithins
 vitellin
 augon-1000 (Vevy)
egg yolk lecithin
deoiled lecithin
 ewacithin 60 (soybean lecithin filtrated, liquid)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
Info: EVALUATION OF CERTAIN FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS
PubMed: An Effective Dispersant for Oil Spills Based on Food-Grade Amphiphiles.
PubMed: Formulating essential oil microemulsions as washing solutions for organic fresh produce production.
PubMed: Controlled Release Properties of Zein-Fatty Acid Blend Films for Multiple Bioactive Compounds.
PubMed: Influence of surfactant composition on physical and oxidative stability of Quillaja saponin-stabilized lipid particles with encapsulated ω-3 fish oil.
PubMed: Effects of ionic and nonionic surfactants on milk shell wettability during co-spray-drying of whole milk particles.
PubMed: Digestion of phospholipids after secretion of bile into the duodenum changes the phase behavior of bile components.
PubMed: Influence of co-surfactants on crystallization and stability of solid lipid nanoparticles.
PubMed: Formulation of a functional fat spread stabilised by natural antioxidants and emulsifiers.
PubMed: Self-Emulsification of Alkaline-Dissolved Clove Bud Oil by Whey Protein, Gum Arabic, Lecithin, and Their Combinations.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory effect and prostate gene expression profiling of steryl ferulate on experimental rats with non-bacterial prostatitis.
PubMed: Investigations into aggregate formation with oppositely charged oil-in-water emulsions at different pH values.
PubMed: Changes of lipid and fatty acid absorption induced by high dose of citric acid ester and lecithin emulsifiers.
PubMed: Total Phospholipids in Edible Oils by In-Vial Solvent Extraction Coupled with FTIR Analysis.
PubMed: Development of lycopene micelle and lycopene chylomicron and a comparison of bioavailability.
PubMed: Enhanced bioavailability and bioefficacy of an amorphous solid dispersion of curcumin.
PubMed: Delivery of green tea catechin and epigallocatechin gallate in liposomes incorporated into low-fat hard cheese.
PubMed: Blending lecithin and gelatin improves the formation of thymol nanodispersions.
PubMed: Preparation of curcumin microemulsions with food-grade soybean oil/lecithin and their cytotoxicity on the HepG2 cell line.
PubMed: Influence of casein-phospholipid combinations as emulsifier on the physical and oxidative stability of fish oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Emulsifiers and thickeners on extrusion-cooked instant rice product.
PubMed: [Effect of emodin lipid nano-microbubble on MAPK signal pathway and inflammation cytokine in AT-II cells by mechanical stretch].
PubMed: Oxidative stability, phenolic compounds and antioxidant potential of a virgin olive oil enriched with natural bioactive compounds.
PubMed: Effect of nanostructured lipid vehicles on percutaneous absorption of curcumin.
PubMed: Acid lipase from Candida viswanathii: production, biochemical properties, and potential application.
PubMed: Inhibitory Effect of Liposomal Solutions of Grape Seed Extract on the Formation of Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines.
PubMed: Physical and oxidative stability of uncoated and chitosan-coated liposomes containing grape seed extract.
PubMed: Preparation, characterization, and thermal stability of β-cyclodextrin/soybean lecithin inclusion complex.
PubMed: Surfactant-aided electrospraying of low molecular weight carbohydrate polymers from aqueous solutions.
PubMed: Development of a novel selective and differential medium for the isolation of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Entrapment of a volatile lipophilic aroma compound (d-limonene) in spray dried water-washed oil bodies naturally derived from sunflower seeds (Helianthus annus).
PubMed: Bioavailability of encapsulated resveratrol into nanoemulsion-based delivery systems.
PubMed: Enhancing the release of the antioxidant tocopherol from polypropylene films by incorporating the natural plasticizers lecithin, olive oil, or sunflower oil.
PubMed: Nanoemulsion improves the oral bioavailability of baicalin in rats: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
PubMed: Identification of volatiles from oxidised phosphatidylcholine molecular species using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed: Use of calcium caseinate in association with lecithin for masking the bitterness of acetaminophen--comparative study with sodium caseinate.
PubMed: The effect of fucoxanthin rich power on the lipid metabolism in rats with a high fat diet.
PubMed: Effect of a labile methyl donor on the transformation of 5-demethyltangeretin and the related implication on bioactivity.
PubMed: Formation of solid shell nanoparticles with liquid ω-3 fatty acid core.
PubMed: Encapsulation of coenzyme Q10 in a simple emulsion-based nutraceutical formulation and application in cheese manufacturing.
PubMed: Characterisation and optimisation of physical and oxidative stability of structured lipid-based infant formula emulsion: effects of emulsifiers and biopolymer thickeners.
PubMed: Stability and in vitro digestibility of emulsions containing lecithin and whey proteins.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity and inhibitory effects of lead (Leucaena leucocephala) seed extracts against lipid oxidation in model systems.
PubMed: Influence of vitamin E acetate and other lipids on the phase behavior of mesophases based on unsaturated monoglycerides.
PubMed: Effect of antioxidant properties of lecithin emulsifier on oxidative stability of encapsulated bioactive compounds.
PubMed: Nanovesicles system for rapid-onset sublingual delivery containing sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
PubMed: Improvement of bread dough quality by Bacillus subtilis SPB1 biosurfactant addition: optimized extraction using response surface methodology.
PubMed: Washing effects of limonene on pesticide residues in green peppers.
PubMed: Biological and functional properties of proteolytic enzyme-modified egg protein by-products.
PubMed: Nutrient intake, serum lipids and iron status of colligiate rugby players.
PubMed: Comparing the effects of ultra-high-pressure homogenization and conventional thermal treatments on the microbiological, physical, and chemical quality of almond beverages.
PubMed: Localization and reactivity of a hydrophobic solute in lecithin and caseinate stabilized solid lipid nanoparticles and nanoemulsions.
PubMed: Influence of heating and acidification on the flavor of whey protein isolate.
PubMed: Presence of electrostatically adsorbed polysaccharides improves spray drying of liposomes.
PubMed: Biochemical characterization of radical scavenging polyphenols from Nyctanthes arbortristis.
PubMed: Effects of lipids on enzymatic hydrolysis and physical properties of starch.
PubMed: Electrochemical reaction and oxidation of lecithin under pulsed electric fields (PEF) processing.
PubMed: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions and lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase activity in collegiate soccer players.
PubMed: Human norovirus surrogate reduction in milk and juice blends by high pressure homogenization.
PubMed: Hypolipidaemic effects and mechanisms of the main component of Opuntia dillenii Haw. polysaccharides in high-fat emulsion-induced hyperlipidaemic rats.
PubMed: Dietary phosphilipids and sterols protective against peptic ulceration.
PubMed: Characterization of the spray drying behaviour of emulsions containing oil droplets with a structured interface.
PubMed: Controllable antioxidative xylan-chitosan Maillard reaction products used for lipid food storage.
PubMed: Direct characterization of commercial lecithins by easy ambient sonic-spray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Formulation and shelf life stability of water-borne lecithin nanoparticles for potential application in dietary supplements field.
PubMed: Lecithin/cholesterol acyltransferase modulates diet-induced hepatic deposition of triglycerides in mice.
PubMed: Characterization of lecithin isolated from anchovy (Engraulis japonica) residues deoiled by supercritical carbon dioxide and organic solvent extraction.
PubMed: High hydrostatic pressure extract of garlic increases the HDL cholesterol level via up-regulation of apolipoprotein A-I gene expression in rats fed a high-fat diet.
PubMed: Nanoemulsion-based delivery systems for poorly water-soluble bioactive compounds: Influence of formulation parameters on Polymethoxyflavone crystallization.
PubMed: Flavonoids with potent antioxidant activity found in young green barley leaves.
PubMed: Effective induction of oral anaphylaxis to ovalbumin in mice sensitized by feeding of the antigen with aid of oil emulsion and salicylate.
PubMed: Reducing the fat content in ground beef without sacrificing quality: a review.
PubMed: In vitro suppression of oral squamous cell carcinoma growth by ultrasound-mediated delivery of curcumin microemulsions.
PubMed: Coupling in vitro gastrointestinal lipolysis and Caco-2 cell cultures for testing the absorption of different food emulsions.
PubMed: Identification and characterization of an LCAT-like Arabidopsis thaliana gene encoding a novel phospholipase A.
PubMed: An egg-enriched diet attenuates plasma lipids and mediates cholesterol metabolism of high-cholesterol fed rats.
PubMed: Individual and combined effects of postharvest dip treatments with water at 50 degrees C, soy lecithin and sodium carbonate on cold stored cactus pear fruits.
PubMed: Purification of L-alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine by column chromatography.
PubMed: Confectionery coating with an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) system.
PubMed: Encapsulation of polyphenolic grape seed extract in polymer-coated liposomes.
PubMed: Preparation of a tea polyphenol nanoliposome system and its physicochemical properties.
PubMed: Evaluation of the stability and antioxidant activity of nanoencapsulated resveratrol during in vitro digestion.
PubMed: Large-scale production of phospholipase D from Streptomyces racemochromogenes and its application to soybean lecithin modification.
PubMed: Hypersensitivity to total parenteral nutrition fat-emulsion component in an egg-allergic child.
PubMed: Improved solvent extraction procedure and high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method for analysis of polar lipids from dairy materials.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of catalase-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles protecting enzyme against proteolysis.
PubMed: Effects of lecithin and pectin on riboflavin-photosensitized oxidation of orange oil in a multilayered oil-in-water emulsion.
PubMed: Optimisation of chocolate formulation using dehydrated peanut-cowpea milk to replace dairy milk.
PubMed: Estrogens in the daily diet: in vitro analysis indicates that estrogenic activity is omnipresent in foodstuff and infant formula.
PubMed: Continuous and intermittent walking alters HDL(2)-C and LCATa.
PubMed: Design of nanoemulsion-based delivery systems of natural antimicrobials: effect of the emulsifier.
PubMed: Effects of lipid chain length on the surface properties of alkylaminomethyl rutin and of its mixture with model lecithin membrane.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of lecithin from squid (Todarodes pacificus) viscera deoiled by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed: Amelioration of cadmium-induced oxidative stress, impairment in lipids and plasma lipoproteins by the combined treatment with quercetin and α-tocopherol in rats.
PubMed: Lipid nanoparticles as vitamin matrix carriers in liquid food systems: On the role of high-pressure homogenisation, droplet size and adsorbed materials.
PubMed: Inhibition of citral degradation by oil-in-water nanoemulsions combined with antioxidants.
PubMed: Effect of dietary lipids on longevity and memory in the SAMP8 mice.
PubMed: Chemical stabilization of oils rich in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids during storage.
PubMed: Safety assessment of AGPC as a food ingredient.
PubMed: Slowly and rapidly digested fat emulsions are equally satiating but their triglycerides are differentially absorbed and metabolized in humans.
PubMed: Vitamin A metabolism: an update.
PubMed: β-Carotene and its cleavage enzyme β-carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (CMOI) affect retinoid metabolism in developing tissues.
PubMed: Development and storage study of reduced sugar soy containing compound chocolate.
PubMed: Survival characteristics of environmental and clinically derived strains of Cronobacter sakazakii in infant milk formula (IMF) and ingredients.
PubMed: Influence of debittered, defatted fenugreek seed powder and flaxseed powder on the rheological characteristics of dough and quality of cookies.
PubMed: Soybean-derived phosphatidylserine improves memory function of the elderly Japanese subjects with memory complaints.
PubMed: Effect of agglomeration on flowability of baby food powders.
PubMed: New mathematical model for interpreting pH-stat digestion profiles: impact of lipid droplet characteristics on in vitro digestibility.
PubMed: [Study on optimizing prescription of baicalein long circulating liposomes].
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of diacylglyceride phospholipids on DNA polymerase and topoisomerase activities, and human cancer cell growth.
PubMed: Bioavailability of lycopene in the rat: the role of intestinal lymphatic transport.
PubMed: [Lecithin influence on the effectiveness of the antioxidant effect of flavonoids and alpha-tocopherol].
PubMed: Hypolipidemic effect of Pleurotus eryngii extract in fat-loaded mice.
PubMed: The role of plasmalogen in the oxidative stability of neutral lipids and phospholipids.
PubMed: Optimization of mono and diacylglycerols production from enzymatic glycerolysis in solvent-free systems.
PubMed: An interaction of the pre- and post-weaning diets rich in omega-6 polyunsaturated fats alters plasma lipids, hepatic gene expression and aortic vascular reactivity in adult C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed: Testing and enhancing the in vitro bioaccessibility and bioavailability of Rosmarinus officinalis extracts with a high level of antioxidant abietanes.
PubMed: Effect of nanovesicle-encapsulated nisin on growth of Listeria monocytogenes in milk.
PubMed: Compositions of seed, forage, and processed fractions from insect-protected soybean MON 87701 are equivalent to those of conventional soybean.
PubMed: Evaluation of an oral carrier system in rats: bioavailability and antioxidant properties of liposome-encapsulated curcumin.
PubMed: Efficiency of hemoglobin from rainbow trout, cod, and herring in promotion of hydroperoxide-derived free radicals.
PubMed: Impact of surfactant properties on oxidative stability of beta-carotene encapsulated within solid lipid nanoparticles.
PubMed: Phospholipid, oleic acid micelles and dietary olive oil influence the lutein absorption and activity of antioxidant enzymes in rats.
PubMed: Influence of post-harvest treatments with fludioxonil and soy lecithin co-application in controlling blue and grey mould and fludioxonil residues in Coscia pears.
PubMed: Ca(2+) cross-linked alginic acid nanoparticles for solubilization of lipophilic natural colorants.
PubMed: Analysis of human plasma lipids and soybean lecithin by means of high-performance thin-layer chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Audit of manufactured products: use of allergen advisory labels and identification of labeling ambiguities.
PubMed: Toxicity studies of Asahi Kasei PI, purified phosphatidylinositol from soy lecithin.
PubMed: Molecular structure and baking performance of individual glycolipid classes from lecithins.
PubMed: Blood lipid-lowering and antioxidant effects of a structured lipid containing monoacylglyceride enriched with monounsaturated fatty acids in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed: Effects of gassericins A and T, bacteriocins produced by Lactobacillus gasseri, with glycine on custard cream preservation.
PubMed: [Effect of additives on absorption of Coptis chinensis total alkaloids and pharmacokinetics in mice].
PubMed: Oleoyl-chitosan nanoparticles inhibits Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by damaging the cell membrane and putative binding to extracellular or intracellular targets.
PubMed: Modulating pancreatic lipase activity with galactolipids: effects of emulsion interfacial composition.
PubMed: Substitution of vegetable oil for a partially-hydrogenated fat favorably alters cardiovascular disease risk factors in moderately hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
PubMed: Plasma LCAT activity and lipid subfraction composition in obese beagles undergoing weight loss.
PubMed: Phytosterol glycosides reduce cholesterol absorption in humans.
PubMed: The impact of agglomeration and storage on flavor and flavor stability of whey protein concentrate 80% and whey protein isolate.
PubMed: Formation of biocompatible nanoparticles via the self-assembly of chitosan and modified lecithin.
PubMed: Resveratrol supplementation worsen the dysregulation of genes involved in hepatic lipid homeostasis observed in hyperhomocysteinemic mice.
PubMed: Effects of intestinal constituents and lipids on intestinal formation and pharmacokinetics of desethylamiodarone formed from amiodarone.
PubMed: Oxidative stability of egg and soy lecithin as affected by transition metal ions and pH in emulsion.
PubMed: In vitro evaluation of the dissolution behaviour of itraconazole in bio-relevant media.
PubMed: In vitro uptake of β-carotene by human exfoliated colonic epithelial cells.
PubMed: Effect of interfacial protein cross-linking on the in vitro digestibility of emulsified corn oil by pancreatic lipase.
PubMed: Formation of biopolymer-coated liposomes by electrostatic deposition of chitosan.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo [corrected] activity of eugenol oil (Eugenia caryophylata) against four important postharvest apple pathogens.
PubMed: Composition of grain, forage, and processed fractions from second-generation glyphosate-tolerant soybean, MON 89788, is equivalent to that of conventional soybean (Glycine max L.).
PubMed: Short- and long-term dietary effects on disease and mortality in American lobster Homarus americanus.
PubMed: Using the lymph fistula rat model to study the potentiation of GIP secretion by the ingestion of fat and glucose.
PubMed: P39, a novel soybean protein allergen, belongs to a plant-specific protein family and is present in protein storage vacuoles.
PubMed: Type I hypersensitivity in an asthmatic child allergic to peanuts: was soy lecithin to blame?
PubMed: Retinyl ester formation by lecithin: retinol acyltransferase is a key regulator of retinoid homeostasis in mouse embryogenesis.
PubMed: The oral absorption of phospholipid prodrugs: in vivo and in vitro mechanistic investigation of trafficking of a lecithin-valproic acid conjugate following oral administration.
PubMed: The role of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase and organic substances from coal in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: a new hypothesis.
PubMed: Glycoprotein emulsifiers from two marine Halomonas species: chemical and physical characterization.
PubMed: Linker-based lecithin microemulsions for transdermal delivery of lidocaine.
PubMed: Effect of soybean phospholipids on canthaxanthin lipoproteins transport, digestibility, and deposition in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) muscle.
PubMed: Efficient preparation of liposomes encapsulating food materials using lecithins by a mechanochemical method.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of flavonoids isolated from young green barley leaves toward biological lipid samples.
PubMed: Binding of Sudan II and IV to lecithin liposomes and E. coli membranes: insights into the toxicity of hydrophobic azo dyes.
PubMed: Spray-dried multilayered emulsions as a delivery method for omega-3 fatty acids into food systems.
PubMed: Acetylation of soybean lecithin and identification of components for solubility in supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed: Dietary fish protein alters blood lipid concentrations and hepatic genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis in the rat model.
PubMed: Enterotoxigenic Bacillus spp. DNA fingerprint revealed in naturally contaminated nonfat dry milk powder using rep-PCR.
PubMed: Beneficial effects of coconut water feeding on lipid metabolism in cholesterol-fed rats.
PubMed: Phospholipid-based microemulsions suitable for use in foods.
PubMed: Improvement of cholesterol levels and reduction of cardiovascular risk via the consumption of phytosterols.
PubMed: Plasma HDL subfraction levels increase in rats fed proso-millet protein concentrate.
PubMed: Use of Rhodotorula minuta live cells hosted in water-in-oil macroemulsion for biotrasformation reaction.
PubMed: [The influence of phospholipids food and antioxidant at patients with hypertension].
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of the emulsifying properties of phosphatidylcholine after enzymatic acyl modification.
PubMed: [Role of heparin in the formation of food lipemia].
PubMed: Development of yellow pigmentation in squid (Loligo peali) as a result of lipid oxidation.
PubMed: Improvement of texture and structure of reduced-fat Cheddar cheese by exopolysaccharide-producing lactococci.
PubMed: Impact of ingredient labeling practices on food allergic consumers.
PubMed: Use of differential scanning calorimetry to study lipid oxidation. 1. Oxidative stability of lecithin and linolenic acid.
PubMed: Characterization and quantification of proteins in lecithins.
PubMed: Stability of spray-dried tuna oil emulsions encapsulated with two-layered interfacial membranes.
PubMed: Cereulide-producing strains of Bacillus cereus show diversity.
PubMed: Intraperitoneal leptin regulates lipid metabolism in ethanol supplemented Mus musculas heart.
PubMed: Biocompatible lipidic formulations: phase behavior and microstructure.
PubMed: Cholesterol intake is associated with lecithin intake in Japanese people.
PubMed: Increasing the oxidative stability of liquid and dried tuna oil-in-water emulsions with electrostatic layer-by-layer deposition technology.
PubMed: Interactions of whey proteins during heat treatment of oil-in-water emulsions formed with whey protein isolate and hydroxylated lecithin.
PubMed: The influence of bile salts and mixed micelles on the pharmacokinetics of quinine in rabbits.
PubMed: Influence of dough ingredients on 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) formation in toast.
PubMed: Extension of AOAC official method 999.14 (choline in infant formula and milk) to the determination of choline in dietary supplements.
PubMed: [Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT)].
PubMed: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor bound with lecithin derivative showed a markedly enhanced pharmacological potency due to its potent cell membrane affinity followed by prolonged MAPK activation.
PubMed: Phytosterols and lecithin do not have an additive effect in lowering plasma and hepatic cholesterol levels in diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats.
PubMed: [Biological effects of the soybean phospholipids].
PubMed: Factors affecting the antilisterial effects of nisin in milk.
PubMed: Nondestructive observation of bovine milk by NMR spectroscopy: analysis of existing States of compounds and detection of new compounds.
PubMed: Determination of choline in milk, milk powder, and soy lecithin hydrolysates by flow injection analysis and amperometric detection with a choline oxidase based biosensor.
PubMed: Cholesterol metabolism in rat is affected by protocatechuic acid.
PubMed: Phytosterols and cholesterol metabolism.
PubMed: [Lecithin essay in the diet of young Penaeus vannamei (Crustacea: Decapoda)].
PubMed: Production and characterization of O/W emulsions containing droplets stabilized by lecithin-chitosan-pectin mutilayered membranes.
PubMed: [Food allergy: effect of proteins-lipids and proteins-polysaccharides interactions].
PubMed: Solubilization of carotenoids from carrot juice and spinach in lipid phases: II. Modeling the duodenal environment.
PubMed: Role of infant dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, liposoluble vitamins, cholesterol and lecithin on psychomotor development.
PubMed: Beneficial effects of fish liver preparations of sea bass (Lates calcarifer) versus gemfibrozil in high fat diet-induced lipid-intolerant rats.
PubMed: Influence of environmental conditions on the stability of oil in water emulsions containing droplets stabilized by lecithin-chitosan membranes.
PubMed: Physical behavior of purified and crude wax obtained from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seed oil refineries and seed hulls.
PubMed: The addition of soybean phosphatidylcholine to triglyceride increases suppressive effects on food intake and gastric emptying in rats.
PubMed: Lecithin decreases human milk fat loss during enteral pumping.
PubMed: Production and characterization of O/W emulsions containing cationic droplets stabilized by lecithin-chitosan membranes.
PubMed: Rheology and stability of acidified food emulsions treated with high pressure.
PubMed: Possible anaphylaxis after propofol in a child with food allergy.
PubMed: Dietary fats differentially modulate the expression of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase, apoprotein-A1 and scavenger receptor b1 in rats.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed: Detection of soy DNA in margarines.
PubMed: Cigarette smoking, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions, and lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase in young women.
PubMed: Comparison of triglycerides and phospholipids as supplemental sources of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in piglets.
PubMed: Antistress and adaptogenic activity of lecithin supplementation.
PubMed: The effects of diet, genetics and chemicals on toxicity and aberrant DNA methylation: an introduction.
PubMed: Determination of lecithin drug specialties and diet integrators; by means of first or second derivative enzymatic-spectrophotometric analysis.
PubMed: The antimicrobial properties of milkfat after partial hydrolysis by calf pregastric lipase.
PubMed: Phytosterols in human nutrition.
PubMed: The seeds from Plantago ovata lower plasma lipids by altering hepatic and bile acid metabolism in guinea pigs.
PubMed: Effect of emulsifier on oxidation properties of fish oil-based structured lipid emulsions.
PubMed: The effect of a pectin-lecithin complex on prevention of gastric mucosal lesions induced by feed deprivation in ponies.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of sweetgrass (Hierochloë odorata Wahlnb.) extract in lard and rapeseed oil emulsions.
PubMed: Evaluation of antilisterial action of cilantro oil on vacuum packed ham.
PubMed: Combination of lipids and emulsifiers enhances the absorption of orally administered quercetin in rats.
PubMed: Bioavailability study of dried microencapsulated ferrous sulfate--SFE 171--by means of the prophylactic-preventive method.
PubMed: Identification of IgE-binding proteins in soy lecithin.
PubMed: Antioxidants and total peroxyl radical-trapping ability of olive and seed oils.
PubMed: Dietary effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors: beyond saturated fatty acids and cholesterol.
PubMed: Methylamine in human urine.
PubMed: Determination of the IgE-binding activity of soy lecithin and refined and non-refined soybean oils.
PubMed: Behaviour of formula emulsions containing hydrolysed whey protein and various lecithins.
PubMed: Effects of various whey protein hydrolysates on the emulsifying and surface properties of hydrolysed lecithin.
PubMed: Ingredient and labeling issues associated with allergenic foods.
PubMed: Diazepam submicron emulsions containing soya-bean oil and intended for oral or rectal delivery.
PubMed: Co-ordinated induction of beta-carotene cleavage enzyme and retinal reductase in the duodenum of the developing chicks.
PubMed: Emulsification of caraway essential oil in water by lecithin and beta-lactoglobulin: emulsion stability and properties of the formed oil-aqueous interface.
PubMed: Liposomes containing drug and cyclodextrin prepared by the one-step spray-drying method.
PubMed: Formation of biocompatible reversed micellar systems using phospholipids.
PubMed: Conversion to docosahexaenoic acid-containing phosphatidylserine from squid skin lecithin by phospholipase D-mediated transphosphatidylation.
PubMed: Dietary fat modulates serum paraoxonase 1 activity in rats.
PubMed: Inhibition of lipolysis causes suppression of endogenous glucose production independent of changes in insulin.
PubMed: Ion chromatographic determination of inositol in infant formulae and clinical products for enteral feeding.
PubMed: Correlation of dietary food intakes and serum lipid fatty acids in urban senior citizens.
PubMed: Influence of calcium, magnesium, or potassium ions on the formation and stability of emulsions prepared using highly hydrolyzed whey proteins.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of aminophospholipid-linked Maillard compounds in model systems and egg yolk products.
PubMed: Nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements: issues and findings from NHANES III.
PubMed: Developmental induction and villus-crypt distribution of retinol esterifying enzyme activities in chick duodenum.
PubMed: Comparison of bacteriological qualities of various egg yolk sources and the in vitro and in vivo fertilizing potential of bovine semen frozen in egg yolk or lecithin based diluents.
PubMed: Effects of soybean (Glycine max) germination on biologically active components, nutritional values of seeds, and biological characteristics in rats.
PubMed: Interactions between food components and drugs. Part 8: Effect of pectins and bile acid preparations forming stable mixed micelles on transport of quinine in vitro.
PubMed: Forecasting the in vivo performance of four low solubility drugs from their in vitro dissolution data.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of whey phospholipids.
PubMed: Identification of character impact odorants of different soybean lecithins.
PubMed: Quantification and sensory studies of character impact odorants of different soybean lecithins.
PubMed: Ability of iron to promote surfactant peroxide decomposition and oxidize alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed: Effect of lactoferrin on oxidative stability of corn oil emulsions and liposomes.
PubMed: Coordinated distribution patterns of three enzyme activities involved in the absorption and metabolism of beta-carotene and vitamin A along the villus-crypt axis of chick duodenum.
PubMed: Dietary precursors of trimethylamine in man: a pilot study.
PubMed: Aqueous solubility and dissolution rate does not adequately predict in vivo performance: a probe utilizing some N-acyloxymethyl phenytoin prodrugs.
PubMed: Fatty acid composition of plasma and erythrocytes in term infants fed human milk and formulae with and without docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acids from egg yolk lecithin.
PubMed: Effect of ecological factors on the inhibitory spectrum and activity of bacteriocins.
PubMed: Antigenicity of the proteins in soy lecithin and soy oil in soybean allergy.
PubMed: Analysis of lecithin in pharmaceutical products and diet integrators using a new biosensor operating directly in non aqueous solvent.
PubMed: Cholesterol-lowering effects of NTE-122, a novel acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitor, on cholesterol diet-fed rats and rabbits.
PubMed: The Effects of Caseinate Submicelles and Lecithin on the Thin Film Drainage and Behavior of Commercial Caseinate.
PubMed: Overview of the preparation, use and biological studies on polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR).
PubMed: Soy lecithin reduces plasma lipoprotein cholesterol and early atherogenesis in hypercholesterolemic monkeys and hamsters: beyond linoleate.
PubMed: Moderate doses of alcoholic beverages with dinner and postprandial high density lipoprotein composition.
PubMed: Fatty acids modulate lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase secretion independently of effects on triglyceride secretion in primary rat hepatocytes.
PubMed: Effects of lecithin addition in oil or water phase on the stability of emulsions made with whey proteins.
PubMed: Basic studies for the practical use of bitterness inhibitors: selective inhibition of bitterness by phospholipids.
PubMed: Influence of dietary arachidonic acid on metabolism in vivo of 8cis,11cis,14-eicosatrienoic acid in humans.
PubMed: Inducing cholesterol precipitation from pig bile with beta-cyclodextrin and cholesterol dietary supplementation.
PubMed: Fish meal lecithin as alternative precursor of docosahexaenoate and choline.
PubMed: Lack of lecithin: retinol acyltransferase activity in chick lungs.
PubMed: Bioavailability and stability of microencapsulated ferrous sulfate in fluid milk: studies in mice.
PubMed: A physicochemical basis for the effect of food on the absolute oral bioavailability of halofantrine.
PubMed: Visual acuity and fatty acid status of term infants fed human milk and formulas with and without docosahexaenoate and arachidonate from egg yolk lecithin.
PubMed: Influence of environmental parameters on phosphatidylcholine phospholipase C production in Listeria monocytogenes: a convenient method to differentiate L. monocytogenes from other Listeria species.
PubMed: Thermodynamics of water-lipid interaction in presence and absence of salts.
PubMed: Allergy to soy lecithin in a child.
PubMed: The composition of glyphosate-tolerant soybean seeds is equivalent to that of conventional soybeans.
PubMed: Esterification of oxysterols in human serum: effects on distribution and cellular uptake.
PubMed: In vitro measurement of beta-carotene cleavage activity: methodological considerations and the effect of other carotenoids on beta-carotene cleavage.
PubMed: New procedure to fortify fluid milk and derivatives with iron: a comparative study in mice.
PubMed: Pulmonary phospholipid changes induced by butylated hydroxy toluene, an antioxidant, in rats.
PubMed: Consumption of excess vitamin A, but not excess beta-carotene, causes accumulation of retinol that exceeds the binding capacity of cellular retinol-binding protein, type II in rat intestine.
PubMed: Lipid metabolism in pediatric nutrition.
PubMed: Effect of peroxyl radicals on lecithin/cholesterol acyltransferase activity in human plasma.
PubMed: Nutritional support in liver disease.
PubMed: Inhibition of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase activity in human blood plasma by cigarette smoke extract and reactive aldehydes.
PubMed: Esterification of oxysterols by human plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase.
PubMed: Measurement of superoxide dismutase-like activity of natural antioxidants.
PubMed: Dietary nucleotides enhance plasma lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase activity and apolipoprotein A-IV concentration in preterm newborn infants.
PubMed: Specific oligonucleotide primers for detection of lecithinase-positive Bacillus spp. by PCR.
PubMed: The effects of bile salts and lipids on the physicochemical behavior of gemfibrozil.
PubMed: Lecithin and choline in human health and disease.
PubMed: Lipoprotein changes in small-for-gestational-age infants fed nucleotide-supplemented milk formula.
PubMed: Effect of dietary phospholipids and their constituents on bile composition in rats and hamsters.
PubMed: Encapsulation of chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin G (IgY) by liposomes.
PubMed: Dietary vitamin A modulates lecithin-retinol acyltransferase activity in developing chick intestine.
PubMed: A comparison of beta-carotene-splitting activity isolated from intestinal mucosa of pasture-grazed sheep, goats and cattle.
PubMed: Effect of a soybean hull:soy lecithin:soapstock mixture on ruminal digestion and performance of growing beef calves and lactating dairy cattle.
PubMed: Infant diet affects serum lipoprotein concentrations and cholesterol esterifying enzymes in baboons.
PubMed: The influence of lecithin on plasma choline concentrations in triathletes and adolescent runners during exercise.
PubMed: Lipoproteins in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants during the first week of life.
PubMed: Direct contact membrane inoculation of yeasts and moulds for evaluating preservative efficacy in solid cosmetics.
PubMed: Lipid peroxidation of liposome induced by glucosone.
PubMed: Gastric bezoar caused by lecithin: an unusual complication of health faddism.
PubMed: Changes in lipid composition of calf tissues by excess dietary zinc.
PubMed: Interaction of rat lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase with rat apolipoprotein A-I and with lecithin-cholesterol vesicles.
PubMed: Properties of agents that effectively entrap liquid lipids.
PubMed: Influence of fat and emulsifiers on the efficacy of nisin in inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes in fluid milk.
PubMed: [Content of available lysine in gamma-irradiated soybean products].
PubMed: Quinoa flour in baked products.
PubMed: Purification and some properties of a Bacillus cereus mouse lethal toxin.
PubMed: Acute effects of resistance exercise on parameters of lipoprotein metabolism.
PubMed: Effect of trans fatty acids on plasma lipids, platelet function and systolic blood pressure in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed: Autoxidation of stored soybean lecithin (short communication).
PubMed: Cholesterol metabolism in mature and immature rats fed animal and plant protein.
PubMed: Effects of dietary oleic, linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids on blood pressure, serum lipids, lipoproteins and the formation of eicosanoid precursors in patients with mild essential hypertension.
PubMed: Affinity of lipid transfer protein for lipid and lipoprotein particles as influenced by lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase.
PubMed: Rapid labeling of lipoproteins in plasma with radioactive cholesterol. Application for measurement of plasma cholesterol esterification.
PubMed: Nutrition and dementia.
PubMed: Isolation and properties of rat plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase.
PubMed: Lecithin intake and serum cholesterol.
PubMed: Intraperitoneal feeding.
PubMed: Location and activity of ubiquinone 10 and ubiquinone analogues in model and biological membranes.
PubMed: Nutrients that modify the speed of internal clock and memory storage processes.
PubMed: [Effect of a phosphatidylcholine-enriched diet on the structural and functional parameters of rat liver microsomes].
PubMed: Characterization of the content of occluded biliary endoprostheses.
PubMed: Long-term effects of commonly available weight reducing programmes in Sweden.
PubMed: Lecithin determination in foods and drugs by an amperometric enzymatic sensor.
PubMed: Choline, phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin in human and bovine milk and infant formulas.
PubMed: Products based on soya lecithin.
PubMed: Effect of chronic ethanol and food deprivation on intestinal villus morphology and brush border membrane content of lipid and marker enzymes.
PubMed: Toxic-oil syndrome. Gallium-67 scanning and bronchoalveolar lavage studies in patients with abnormal lung function.
PubMed: [Nutrition physiology studies with formula diets: metabolism of multiple unsaturated fatty acids and prostaglandin biosynthesis in the human].
PubMed: Hemolytic activity of isolates of Yersinia sp.
PubMed: Increased cholesteryl ester content in liver of mice fed lipid emulsion diets high in polyunsaturated fats.
PubMed: Comparison of the clinical and biochemical effect of increased alpha-linolenic acid in a safflower oil intravenous fat emulsion.
PubMed: Detection of soy protein in soy lecithin, margarine and, occasionally, soy oil.
PubMed: Comparison of intraluminal and intravenous mediators of colonic response to eating.
PubMed: [A request for authorization to use lecithin and mono- and diglycerides of dietary fatty acids as emulsifiers in candy products containing fatty substances and in candy products with moisture above 6%].
PubMed: Essential fatty acid deficiency: a suggestion concerning experimental design.
PubMed: Lipid and blood pressure-lowering effect of mackerel diet in man.
PubMed: Effects of dietary lecithin on hormonal and neurobehavioral profiles in normal subjects.
PubMed: Effects of intravenously administered safflower oil emulsion on respiratory gas exchange of low-birth-weight infants.
PubMed: The safety of lecithin diet supplementation in schizophrenic patients.
PubMed: Effects of dietary phospholipids and odd-chain fatty acids on the behavioural maturation of mice.
PubMed: Fat and vitamin A stability in the presence of Ronoxan A and other antioxidants.
PubMed: The contrasting effects of a dietary soya lecithin product and corn oil on lipoprotein lipids in normolipidemic and familial hypercholesterolemic subjects.
PubMed: Effects of antioxidants on lipid peroxide formation in irradiated synthetic diets.
PubMed: [The effect of formula diets with a modified fat content on human plasma phosphatide fractions].
PubMed: Acetylcarnitine and free carnitine in body fluids before and after birth.
PubMed: Cold stress influence on lung lecithin in the newborn rabbit.
PubMed: [Emulsified intermediate moisture foods].
PubMed: Effects of diet on glucaric acid concentration in bile and the formation of calcium bilirubinate gallstones.
PubMed: Lecithin inhibits fatty acid and bile salt absorption from rat small intestine in vivo.
PubMed: Effect of maternal malnutrition on surface activity of fetal lungs in rats.
PubMed: Formation of dimethylnitrosamine from commercial lecithin and its components in a model systems.
PubMed: In vivo incorporation of 14C-1-palmitate and 3H-u-glucose into lung lecithin.
PubMed: Thermal inactivation of poliovirus in the presence of selective organic molecules (cholesterol, lecithin, collagen, and beta-carotene).
PubMed: Improved extraction of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides from animal tissues.
PubMed: [New color reactions in the qualitative determination of lecithin, cephalin, and sphingomyelin in food products].
PubMed: Characteristics of yeasts isolated from Pacific crab meat.
PubMed: The effect of soybean lecithin on the stabilization and utilization of vitamin A and carotene soybean lecithin as a stabilizer of fat, vitamin A and carotene in foods and feeds.
PubMed: Lecithin increases the effect of shortening in bread.
PubMed: EXPERIMENTAL RICKETS IN RATS : V. THE EFFECT OF VARYING THE ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS OF A RICKETS-PRODUCING DIET.
PubMed: EXPERIMENTAL LIPEMIA IN RABBITS.
PubMed: ON THE PRESENCE OF CHOLIN AND NEURIN IN THE INTESTINAL CANAL DURING ITS COMPLETE OBSTRUCTION : A RESEARCH ON AUTOINTOXICATION.
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