EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

calcium chloride
calcium(2+) chloride

Supplier Sponsors

Name:calcium dichloride
CAS Number: 10043-52-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):139468-93-2
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:233-140-8
Molecular Weight:110.98200000
Formula:Ca Cl2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:firming agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1193 Calcium chloride View - review
EU SANCO Calcium chloride View - review
GRN 634 Calcium chloride View - notice PDF
GRN 785 Calcium chloride View - notice PDF
JECFA Food Additive: Calcium Chloride
GSFA Codex: Calcium chloride (509)
DG SANTE Food Additives:calcium chloride
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:calcium chloride
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline granules (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 782.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:33900.00000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 9.797e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: astringents
viscosity controlling agents
Allan Chemical
Calcium Chloride
American Elements
Calcium Chloride 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Calcium Chloride is an excellent water soluble crystalline Calcium source for uses compatible with chlorides. Chloride compounds can conduct electricity when fused or dissolved in water. Chloride materials can be decomposed by electrolysis to chlorine gas and the metal. They are formed through various chlorination processes whereby at least one chlorine anion (Cl-) is covalently bonded to the relevant metal or cation. Ultra high purity and proprietary formulations can be prepared. The chloride ion controls fluid equilibrium and pH levels in metabolic systems. They can form either inorganic or organic compounds. Calcium Chloride is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale (See also Nanotechnology Information and Quantum Dots) elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Calcium Chloride Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
American International Chemical, LLC.
Calcium Chloride
Charkit Chemical
Charkit Chemical
Covalent Chemical
Calcium Chloride
Dow Chemical
Calcium Chloride Anhydrous ACS
ECSA Chemicals
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Calcium Chloride
Glentham Life Sciences
Calcium chloride, anhydrous, granular, 1 - 6 mm
Glentham Life Sciences
Calcium chloride, anhydrous
Jarchem Industries
Jarace™ CC-33
Krunal Group
Calcium Chloride
Northwestern Extract
Calcium Chloride FCC
Penta International
Penta International
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Calcium Chloride ≥95%
For experimental / research use only.
Calcium Chloride anhydrous, granular, <7.0 mm, ≥93.0%
Tianjin Talent Chemical
Calcium Chloride
Wedor Corporation
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1000 mg/kg
Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science. Vol. 12, Pg. 216, 1948.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 264 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.

oral-mouse LD50 1640 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.

intravenous-cat LDLo 249 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

intravenous-dog LDLo 274 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

intraarterial-guinea pig LDLo 300 mg/kg
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.

intravenous-guinea pig LDLo 150 mg/kg
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 210 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 34(5), Pg. 51, 1990.

intravenous-mouse LD50 42 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 22, Pg. 150, 1972.

oral-mouse LD50 1940 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.

intravenous-rabbit LDLo 274 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

oral-rabbit LDLo 1384 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

intramuscular-rat LD50 25 mg/kg
Experimental Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 4, Pg. 223, 1946.

intravenous-rat LDLo 161 mg/kg
Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. Vol. 15, Pg. 35, 1929.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 823 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.

subcutaneous-cat LDLo 249 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

subcutaneous-dog LDLo 274 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

subcutaneous-frog LDLo 666 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 472 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1316, 1935.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 2630 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 963, 1977.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
firming agents
Recommendation for calcium chloride usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for calcium chloride flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the active substances, sodium erythorbate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, iron sulphate, activated carbon, cellulose, calcium hydroxide, calcium chloride and water, for use as active system in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

Re-evaluation of hydrochloric acid (E 507), potassium chloride (E 508), calcium chloride (E 509) and magnesium chloride (E 511) as food additives
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):10043-52-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :24854
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
calcium dichloride
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
 calcium dichloride
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:10043-52-4
Pubchem (cid):24854
Pubchem (sid):134990781
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C08130
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2827.20.0000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 viscosity controlling agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 calcium chloride FCC
 calcium chloride FCC anhydrous
 calcium dichloride
 calcium(2+) chloride
 calmate R
 huppert's reagent
 ice melt
 jarace CC-33
 marley cement accelerator


PubMed:Salt reduction in vegetable fermentation: reality or desire?
PubMed:Genetic analysis of chemosensory traits in human twins.
PubMed:Effects of postmortem calcium chloride injection on meat palatability traits of strip loin steaks from cattle supplemented with or without zilpaterol hydrochloride.
PubMed:Manufacture of reduced-sodium Cheddar-style cheese with mineral salt replacers.
PubMed:Physico-chemical and sensory properties of reduced-fat mortadella prepared with blends of calcium, magnesium and potassium chloride as partial substitutes for sodium chloride.
PubMed:On the formulation design and rheological evaluations of pectin-based functional gels.
PubMed:Influence of partial replacement of NaCl with KCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 on lipolysis and lipid oxidation in dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Effect of tenderizers combined with organic acids on Escherichia coli O157:H7 thermal resistance in non-intact beef.
PubMed:Beef customer satisfaction: factors affecting consumer evaluations of calcium chloride-injected top sirloin steaks when given instructions for preparation.
PubMed:Consumer acceptance of calcium chloride-marinated top loin steaks.
PubMed:Effects of calcium salts on beef longissimus quality.
PubMed:Effects of postexsanguination vascular infusion of cattle with a solution of saccharides, sodium chloride, and phosphates or with calcium chloride on quality and sensory traits of steaks and ground beef.
PubMed:Continuous production of extracellular L-glutaminase by Ca-alginate-immobilized marine Beauveria bassiana BTMF S-10 in packed-bed reactor.
PubMed:Intragastric calcium infusions support flavor preference learning by calcium-deprived rats.
PubMed:Antioxidant status affects color stability and tenderness of calcium chloride-injected beef.
PubMed:Improving the flavor of calcium chloride and lactic acid injected mature beef top round steaks.
PubMed:Improving tenderness of normal and callipyge lambs with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Are the tastes of polycose and monosodium glutamate unique?
PubMed:Flavor and texture characteristics of low fat ground beef patties formulated with whey protein concentrate.
PubMed:Restaurant consumer acceptance of beef loin strip steaks tenderized with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Retail consumer acceptance of beef tenderized with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Postmortem injection of calcium chloride effects on beef quality traits.
PubMed:Improvement of beef tenderness and quality traits with calcium chloride injection in beef loins 48 hours postmortem.
PubMed:Calcium chloride concentration, injection time, and aging period effects on tenderness, sensory, and retail color attributes of loin steaks from mature cows.
PubMed:Evaluation of calcium chloride and lactic acid injection on chemical, microbiological and descriptive attributes of mature cow beef.
PubMed:Latent learning about calcium and sodium.
PubMed:Effects of postmortem injection time, injection level, and concentration of calcium chloride on beef quality traits.
PubMed:The Characteristics of Two Calcium Pectinates Prepared from Citrus Pectin using Either Calcium Chloride or Calcium Hydroxide.
PubMed:Influence of lactose on the diffusion of calcium ions at physiological temperature.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) as a tool for monitoring the fate of fluazinam in soil.
PubMed:The effect of postharvest calcium application in hydro-cooling water on tissue calcium content, biochemical changes, and quality attributes of sweet cherry fruit.
PubMed:Calcineurin phosphatase and phospholipase C are required for developmental and pathological functions in the citrus fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata.
PubMed:Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene and calcium chloride treatments on quality maintenance of 'Lingwu Long' Jujube fruit.
PubMed:Effectiveness of calcium chloride and calcium lactate on maintenance of textural and sensory qualities of fresh-cut mangos.
PubMed:Dissolution properties of silk cocoon shells and degummed fibers from African wild silkmoths.
PubMed:Renal tubular dysfunction in sickle cell disease.
PubMed:Processing Treatments for Mitigating Acrylamide Formation in Sweetpotato French Fries.
PubMed:Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum immobilization in alginate coated with chitosan and gelatin on antibacterial activity.
PubMed:Combined inhibitory effect against postharvest storage rots and their effects on postharvest quality parameters in cherry tomatoes by cassia oil and calcium chloride.
PubMed:ESR studies on the thermal decomposition of trimethylamine oxide to formaldehyde and dimethylamine in jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) extract.
PubMed:Halocin SH10 production by an extreme haloarchaeon Natrinema sp. BTSH10 isolated from salt pans of South India.
PubMed:Effect of post-harvest calcium chloride dip treatment and gamma irradiation on storage quality and shelf-life extension of Red delicious apple.
PubMed:Individual and combined effects of CaCl₂ and UV-C on the biosynthesis of resveratrols in grape leaves and berry skins.
PubMed:Back to the roots: photodynamic inactivation of bacteria based on water-soluble curcumin bound to polyvinylpyrrolidone as a photosensitizer.
PubMed:Salt reduction in vegetable fermentation: reality or desire?
PubMed:The effects of phytic acid on the Maillard reaction and the formation of acrylamide.
PubMed:Reduction of saltiness and acrylamide levels in palm sugar-like flavouring through buffer modification and the addition of calcium chloride.
PubMed:Effects of cooking methods and chemical tenderizers on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef patties.
PubMed:Salt equivalence and temporal dominance of sensations of different sodium chloride substitutes in butter.
PubMed:Effect of high pressure processing on the gel properties of salt-soluble meat protein containing CaCl2 and κ-carrageenan.
PubMed:Storage stability of low-fat sodium reduced fresh merguez sausage prepared with olive oil in konjac gel matrix.
PubMed:Degradation of complex carbohydrate: immobilization of pectinase from Bacillus licheniformis KIBGE-IB21 using calcium alginate as a support.
PubMed:Effect of pH, salt and chemical rinses on bacterial attachment to extracellular matrix proteins.
PubMed:Properties of a new protein film from bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia) and effect of CaCl₂ on its hydrophobicity.
PubMed:Influence of estrous and circadian cycles on calcium intake of the rat.
PubMed:Enhanced production of bacterial cellulose by using Gluconacetobacter hansenii NCIM 2529 strain under shaking conditions.
PubMed:Enhancing isomaltulose production by recombinant Escherichia coli producing sucrose isomerase: culture medium optimization containing agricultural wastes and cell immobilization.
PubMed:Pectin and charge modified pectin hydrogel beads as a colon-targeted drug delivery carrier.
PubMed:Mineral and sensory profile of seasoned cracked olives packed in diverse salt mixtures.
PubMed:Effect of calcium in brine on salt diffusion and water distribution of Mozzarella cheese during brining.
PubMed:Casein maps: effect of ethanol, pH, temperature, and CaCl2 on the particle size of reconstituted casein micelles.
PubMed:Evaluation of sonication treatment and buffer composition on rumen bacteria protein extraction and carboxymethylcellulase activity.
PubMed:Tea creaming in nonfermented teas from Camellia sinensis and Ilex vomitoria.
PubMed:Culture medium optimization of a new bacterial extracellular polysaccharide with excellent moisture retention activity.
PubMed:Effects of site-directed mutagenesis in the N-terminal domain of thermolysin on its stabilization.
PubMed:Development of a model system for the study of spoilage associated secondary cucumber fermentation during long-term storage.
PubMed:Optofluidic micro-sensors for the determination of liquid concentrations.
PubMed:Effects of postmortem calcium chloride injection on meat palatability traits of strip loin steaks from cattle supplemented with or without zilpaterol hydrochloride.
PubMed:Susceptibility of the individual caseins in reconstituted skim milk to cross-linking by transglutaminase: influence of temperature, pH and mineral equilibria.
PubMed:Mechanical properties of calcium alginate fibers produced with a microfluidic device.
PubMed:Isolation and molecular characterisation of alkaline protease producing Bacillus thuringiensis.
PubMed:Hydrolytic activity of Virgibacillus sp. SK37, a starter culture of fish sauce fermentation, and its cell-bound proteinases.
PubMed:Manufacture of reduced-sodium Cheddar-style cheese with mineral salt replacers.
PubMed:A differential behavior of α-amylase, in terms of catalytic activity and thermal stability, in response to higher concentration CaCl2.
PubMed:Whey protein nanofibrils: the environment-morphology-functionality relationship in lyophilization, rehydration, and seeding.
PubMed:Heat stability of milk supplemented with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Effect of temperature and pH on the solubility of caseins: environmental influences on the dissociation of α(S)- and β-casein.
PubMed:Moisture-induced aggregation of alpha-lactalbumin: effects of temperature, cations, and pH.
PubMed:Comparison of heat stability of goat milk subjected to ultra-high temperature and in-container sterilization.
PubMed:Modulation of lipid digestibility using structured emulsion-based delivery systems: comparison of in vivo and in vitro measurements.
PubMed:Abiotic stress responses promote Potato virus A infection in Nicotiana benthamiana.
PubMed:Mineral content and sensory characteristics of Gordal green table olives fermented in chloride salt mixtures.
PubMed:Effects of process variables on the encapsulation of oil in ca-alginate capsules using an inverse gelation technique.
PubMed:Autologous adipose tissue-derived stem cells induce persistent bone-like tissue in osteonecrotic femoral heads.
PubMed:Feasibility of using dialysis for determining calcium ion concentration and pH in calcium-fortified soymilk at high temperature.
PubMed:Preparation and deproteinization of garlic polysaccharide.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from rape flower.
PubMed:Effect of soluble calcium on the renneting properties of casein micelles as measured by rheology and diffusing wave spectroscopy.
PubMed:Preparation and evaluation of a novel gastric floating alginate/poloxamer inner-porous beads using foam solution.
PubMed:Behavior of protein in the presence of calcium during heating of whey protein concentrate solutions.
PubMed:Effect of three cations on the stability and microstructure of protein aggregate from duck egg white under alkaline condition.
PubMed:Biochemical and sensory changes in dry-cured ham salted with partial replacements of NaCl by other chloride salts.
PubMed:Determining salt concentrations for equivalent water activity in reduced-sodium cheese by use of a model system.
PubMed:Analysis of the mechanism of inhibition of human matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) activity by green tea catechins.
PubMed:Physico-chemical and sensory properties of reduced-fat mortadella prepared with blends of calcium, magnesium and potassium chloride as partial substitutes for sodium chloride.
PubMed:Influence of partial replacement of NaCl with KCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 on lipolysis and lipid oxidation in dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Evidence for fat, oil, and grease (FOG) deposit formation mechanisms in sewer lines.
PubMed:Mechanical and water-holding properties and microstructures of soy protein isolate emulsion gels induced by CaCl2, glucono-δ-lactone (GDL), and transglutaminase: influence of thermal treatments before and/or after emulsification.
PubMed:Development of shellac-coated sustained release pellet formulations.
PubMed:Impact of citric acid and calcium ions on acid solubilization of mechanically separated turkey meat: effect on lipid and pigment content.
PubMed:The effects of olive oil emulsified alginate on the physico-chemical, sensory, microbial, and fatty acid profiles of low-salt, inulin-enriched sausages.
PubMed:Carcass maturity and dicationic salts affect preblended, low-fat, low-sodium restructured beef.
PubMed:Sequential application of NaHCO3, CaCl2 and Candida oleophila (isolate 13L) affects significantly Penicillum expansum growth and the infection degree in apples.
PubMed:Characterization of high-milk-protein powders upon rehydration under various salt concentrations.
PubMed:Interaction between β-casein and whey proteins as a function of pH and salt concentration.
PubMed:Effects of camptothecin, etoposide and Ca2+ on caspase-3 activity and myofibrillar disruption of chicken during postmortem ageing.
PubMed:Inactivation of human and murine norovirus by high-pressure processing.
PubMed:Efficacy of various dietary calcium salts to improve intestinal resistance to Salmonella infection in rats.
PubMed:Composition of poorly and non-coagulating bovine milk and effect of calcium addition.
PubMed:Development and characterization of edible films based on mucilage of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.).
PubMed:Effect of preservatives for food grade C-Phycoerythrin, isolated from marine cyanobacteria Pseudanabaena sp.
PubMed:Influence of NaCl reduction and replacement on the growth of Lactobacillus sakei in broth, cooked ham and white sauce.
PubMed:Effect of zero energy cool chamber and post-harvest treatments on shelf-life of fruits under semi-arid environment of Western India. Part 2. Indian gooseberry fruits.
PubMed:Effect of zero energy cool chamber and post-harvest treatments on shelf-life of fruits under semi-arid environment of Western India. Part 1. Ber fruits.
PubMed:Recovery and concentration of polyphenols from olive mill wastewaters by integrated membrane system.
PubMed:Effect of NaCl reduction and replacement on the growth of fungi important to the spoilage of bread.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of calcium on non-heme iron absorption may be related to translocation of DMT-1 at the apical membrane of enterocytes.
PubMed:Molecular and enzymatic characterization of a subfamily I.4 lipase from an edible oil-degrader Bacillus sp. HH-01.
PubMed:Transglutaminase catalysis of modified whey protein dispersions.
PubMed:Impact of interfacial composition on physical stability and in vitro lipase digestibility of triacylglycerol oil droplets coated with lactoferrin and/or caseinate.
PubMed:Fermentation of cucumbers brined with calcium chloride instead of sodium chloride.
PubMed:Controlling the bleeding of carmine colorant in crabstick.
PubMed:Effect of disaccharides on ion properties in milk-based systems.
PubMed:Effects of postharvest application of 1-MCP and postcutting dip treatment on the quality and nutritional properties of fresh-cut kiwifruit.
PubMed:Injection order effects on efficacy of calcium chloride and sodium tripolyphosphate in controlling the pink color defect in uncured, intact turkey breast.
PubMed:Fermentation profiles of Manzanilla-Aloreña cracked green table olives in different chloride salt mixtures.
PubMed:Control of postharvest decay on cherry tomatoes by marine yeast Rhodosporidium paludigenum and calcium chloride.
PubMed:Measurement of ionic calcium, pH, and soluble divalent cations in milk at high temperature.
PubMed:Buffering effects of calcium salts in kimchi: lowering acidity, elevating lactic acid bacterial population and dextransucrase activity.
PubMed:Effects of calcium chloride and calcium sulfate in an oral bolus given as a supplement to postpartum dairy cows.
PubMed:Inter-regional variability in environmental availability of fungicide derived copper in vineyard soils: an Australian case study.
PubMed:Yersinia enterocolitica in slaughter pig tonsils: enumeration and detection by enrichment versus direct plating culture.
PubMed:Efficacy of chlorine dioxide against Listeria monocytogenes in brine chilling solutions.
PubMed:Investigation of acrylamide formation on bakery products using a crust-like model.
PubMed:Isolation of caseins from whey proteins by microfiltration modifying the mineral balance in skim milk.
PubMed:Effect of different concentrations of calcium chloride and potassium chloride on egg white proteins during isoelectric precipitation of ovomucin.
PubMed:Evaluation of isolation methods for pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from pig intestinal content.
PubMed:Cloning of dextransucrase gene from Leuconostoc citreum HJ-P4 and its high-level expression in E. coli by low temperature induction.
PubMed:Evaluation of the efficiency of a phytostabilization process with biological indicators of soil health.
PubMed:Effect of tenderizers combined with organic acids on Escherichia coli O157:H7 thermal resistance in non-intact beef.
PubMed:Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored 'Fuji Kiku-8' apples.
PubMed:Quality index, consumer acceptability, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activity of fresh-cut "ataulfo" mangoes (mangifera indica L.) as affected by low-temperature storage.
PubMed:Optimization of a phage amplification assay to permit accurate enumeration of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis cells.
PubMed:Use of a D-optimal mixture design to estimate the effects of diverse chloride salts on the growth parameters of Lactobacillus pentosus.
PubMed:Immobilization of a thermostable alpha-amylase by covalent binding to an alginate matrix increases high temperature usability.
PubMed:Microbiological preservation of cucumbers for bulk storage using acetic acid and food preservatives.
PubMed:Development of an electrochemical immunosensor for aflatoxin M1 in milk with focus on matrix interference.
PubMed:Host-pathogen-biocontrol agent interaction as affected by sequential application of Na2CO3 and CaCl2.
PubMed:Effect of calcium on the physical properties of stirred probiotic yogurt.
PubMed:Calcium Uptake during Immersion of Strawberries in CaCl2 Solutions.
PubMed:Determination of decoquinate in animal feeds by liquid chromatography: collaborative study.
PubMed:Hydrogen peroxide removal with magnetically responsive Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells.
PubMed:Individual effects of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium chloride salts on Lactobacillus pentosus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae growth.
PubMed:Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef treated with marination and tenderization ingredients.
PubMed:Effect of different cultural conditions for phytase production by Aspergillus niger CFR 335 in submerged and solid-state fermentations.
PubMed:The rebodying of stirred yoghurt: interactions between proteins.
PubMed:Effect of alginate-pectin composition on drug release characteristics of microcapsules.
PubMed:Improved control of anthracnose rot in loquat fruit by a combination treatment of Pichia membranifaciens with CaCl(2).
PubMed:Surface effects in the acetylation of granular potato starch.
PubMed:Effect of calcium chloride addition on ice cream structure and quality.
PubMed:Calcium ions make phytohemagglutinin resistant to trypsin proteolysis.
PubMed:Removal of lipids and diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins from blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) during acid and alkaline isolation of proteins.
PubMed:Timothy hay with a low dietary cation-anion difference improves calcium homeostasis in periparturient Holstein cows.
PubMed:Salt effect on the pH profile and kinetic parameters of microbial phytases.
PubMed:Pretreatment of microcrystalline cellulose flakes with CaCl2 increases the surface area, and thus improves enzymatic saccharification.
PubMed:Low-fat sodium-reduced sausages: Effect of the interaction between locust bean gum, potato starch and κ-carrageenan by a mixture design approach.
PubMed:Calcium taste preferences: genetic analysis and genome screen of C57BL/6J x PWK/PhJ hybrid mice.
PubMed:Effects of introducing negative charges into the molecular surface of thermolysin by site-directed mutagenesis on its activity and stability.
PubMed:Normal cadmium uptake in microcytic anemia mk/mk mice suggests that DMT1 is not the only cadmium transporter in vivo.
PubMed:Effects of calcium chloride and sodium hexametaphosphate on certain chemical and physical properties of soymilk.
PubMed:Novel surfactant-based adsorbent material for groundwater remediation.
PubMed:Effect of low pH on the susceptibility of isolated cod (Gadus morhua) microsomes to lipid oxidation.
PubMed:Properties of milk protein gels formed by phosphates.
PubMed:Effect of cutting time, temperature, and calcium on curd moisture, whey fat losses, and curd yield by response surface methodology.
PubMed:Novel online sensor technology for continuous monitoring of milk coagulation and whey separation in cheesemaking.
PubMed:Trypsin from the pyloric caeca of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix).
PubMed:Coagulant modulates the hypocholesterolemic effect of tofu (coagulated soymilk).
PubMed:Taste solution preferences of C57BL/6J and 129X1/SvJ mice: influence of age, sex, and diet.
PubMed:Forty mouse strain survey of voluntary calcium intake, blood calcium, and bone mineral content.
PubMed:Influence of calcium salt supplementation on calcium equilibrium in skim milk during pH cycle.
PubMed:1% calcium chloride treatment in combination with gamma irradiation improves microbial and physicochemical properties of diced tomatoes.
PubMed:Irradiation D values of Salmonella spp. in diced tomatoes dipped in 1% calcium chloride.
PubMed:Oxyresveratrol as an antibrowning agent for cloudy apple juices and fresh-cut apples.
PubMed:Nature identification and morphology characterization of anion-exchange membrane fouling during conventional electrodialysis.
PubMed:Suitability of pea starch and calcium alginate as antimicrobial coatings on chicken skin.
PubMed:Influence of heating on oil-in-water emulsions prepared with soybean soluble polysaccharide.
PubMed:Evidence for fibril-like structure in bovine casein micelles.
PubMed:Physicochemical properties of alginate/polycaprolactone-based films containing essential oils.
PubMed:Rates of foliar penetration of chelated Fe(III): role of light, stomata, species, and leaf age.
PubMed:Disruption and reassociation of casein micelles under high pressure: influence of milk serum composition and casein micelle concentration.
PubMed:Comparison of the wild-type alpha-amylase and its variant enzymes in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens in activity and thermal stability, and insights into engineering the thermal stability of bacillus alpha-amylase.
PubMed:[Study on ethanol tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae X330 under very high gravity medium].
PubMed:Nature identification and morphology characterization of cation-exchange membrane fouling during conventional electrodialysis.
PubMed:Influence of soil aging on sorption and bioavailability of simazine.
PubMed:Chemical intervention strategies for substantial suppression of acrylamide formation in fried potato products.
PubMed:Microencapsulation of alpha-tocopherol using sodium alginate and its controlled release properties.
PubMed:Evolution of carbohydrates of pre-cut mango slices subjected to osmotic dehydration.
PubMed:Self-diffusion coefficient of water in tofu determined by pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance.
PubMed:Improvement of texture and structure of reduced-fat Cheddar cheese by exopolysaccharide-producing lactococci.
PubMed:Direct competitive ELISA based on a monoclonal antibody for detection of aflatoxin B1. Stabilization of ELISA kit components and application to grain samples.
PubMed:Formation of calcium alginate gel capsules: influence of sodium alginate and CaCl2 concentration on gelation kinetics.
PubMed:Effect of calcium and carbonate concentrations on anionic membrane fouling during electrodialysis.
PubMed:Effects of Pseudomonas fluorescens M3/6 bacterial protease on plasmin system and plasminogen activation.
PubMed:Myocardial dysfunction induced by food restriction is related to morphological damage in normotensive middle-aged rats.
PubMed:Extracellular protease activity of different Pseudomonas strains: dependence of proteolytic activity on culture conditions.
PubMed:Soil amendments reduce trace element solubility in a contaminated soil and allow regrowth of natural vegetation.
PubMed:Production and characterization of oil-in-water emulsions containing droplets stabilized by multilayer membranes consisting of beta-lactoglobulin, iota-carrageenan and gelatin.
PubMed:Calcium deficiency cannot induce obesity in rats.
PubMed:Influence of environmental stresses on stability of oil-in-water emulsions containing droplets stabilized by beta-lactoglobulin-iota-carrageenan membranes.
PubMed:Separation of membranes from acid-solubilized fish muscle proteins with the aid of calcium ions and organic acids.
PubMed:Immobilised artificial membrane chromatography coupled with molecular probing. Mimetic system for studying lipid-calcium interactions in nutritional mixtures.
PubMed:Content and molecular weight of extractable beta-glucan in American and Swedish oat samples.
PubMed:Calcium deprivation increases the palatability of calcium solutions in rats.
PubMed:Interaction between trehalose and alkaline-earth metal ions.
PubMed:Vacuum infusion of plant or fungal pectinmethylesterase and calcium affects the texture and structure of eggplant.
PubMed:Size control of calcium alginate beads containing living cells using micro-nozzle array.
PubMed:Gustatory neural responses to umami taste stimuli in C57BL/6ByJ and 129P3/J mice.
PubMed:Survival of freeze-dried Lactobacillus bulgaricus KFRI 673 in chitosan-coated calcium alginate microparticles.
PubMed:Fat and sodium chloride reduction in sausages using kappa-carrageenan and other salts.
PubMed:The callipyge phenomenon: tenderness intervention methods.
PubMed:Characterization of a calcium-soluble protein fraction from yellow mustard (Sinapis alba) seed meal with potential application as an additive to calcium-rich drinks.
PubMed:1H nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry study of water state in milk protein mixtures.
PubMed:Electrostatic effects on the yield stress of whey protein isolate foams.
PubMed:Impact of cleaning and disinfection agents on biofilm structure and on microbial transfer to a solid model food.
PubMed:Rapid softening of acidified peppers: effect of oxygen and sulfite.
PubMed:Transformation of colonial Escherichia coli on solid media.
PubMed:Comparison of four methods for isolation of Yersinia enterocolitica from raw and pasteurized milk from northern Iran.
PubMed:Consumer acceptance of calcium chloride-marinated top loin steaks.
PubMed:Effect of calcium ions on the solubility of muscular collagen and tenderness of beef meat.
PubMed:An improved method of microencapsulation and its evaluation to protect Lactobacillus spp. in simulated gastric conditions.
PubMed:Electrical potentials of plant cell walls in response to the ionic environment.
PubMed:Influence of environmental conditions on the stability of oil in water emulsions containing droplets stabilized by lecithin-chitosan membranes.
PubMed:Cross-inhibitory activity of cereal protein inhibitors against alpha-amylases and xylanases.
PubMed:A new multistep Ca2+-induced cold gelation process for beta-lactoglobulin.
PubMed:Sorption-desorption of two "aged" sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinone herbicide metabolites in soil.
PubMed:Prerigor injection using glycolytic inhibitors in low-quality beef muscles.
PubMed:Effects of postexsanguination vascular infusion of carcasses with calcium chloride or a solution of saccharides, sodium chloride, and phosphates on beef display-color stability.
PubMed:Transfer of protein from milk to cheese.
PubMed:Effects of postexsanguination vascular infusion of cattle with a solution of saccharides, sodium chloride, and phosphates or with calcium chloride on quality and sensory traits of steaks and ground beef.
PubMed:Factors Influencing texture retention of salt-free, acidified, red bell peppers during storage.
PubMed:Differential effects of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum mill) matrix on the volatility of important aroma compounds.
PubMed:Influence of EDTA and citrate on physicochemical properties of whey protein-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions containing CaCl2.
PubMed:Sample preparation for amino acid determination by integrated pulsed amperometric detection in foods.
PubMed:Continuous production of extracellular L-glutaminase by Ca-alginate-immobilized marine Beauveria bassiana BTMF S-10 in packed-bed reactor.
PubMed:Effect of hydrodynamic and physicochemical changes on critical flux of milk protein suspensions.
PubMed:Sorption-desorption of "aged" sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinone herbicides in soil.
PubMed:Production of alginate microspheres by internal gelation using an emulsification method.
PubMed:Extrinsic labelling of zinc and calcium in bread.
PubMed:Intragastric calcium infusions support flavor preference learning by calcium-deprived rats.
PubMed:Characterization of "lettucine", a serine-like protease from Lactuca sativa leaves, as a novel enzyme for milk clotting.
PubMed:Osmotic dehydration of apple slices with CaCl2 and sucrose limits decay caused by Penicillium expansum, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Botrytis cinerea and does not promote Listeria monocytogenes or total aerobic population growth.
PubMed:Internal structure of normal maize starch granules revealed by chemical surface gelatinization.
PubMed:Osmotic dehydration of apple slices using a sucrose/CaCl2 combination to control spoilage caused by Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Penicillium expansum.
PubMed:Influence of CaCl(2) on the foliar biomass and quality of tobacco leaves.
PubMed:Effect of added salt and increase in ionic strength on skim milk electroacidification performances.
PubMed:Mechanism of pressure-induced gelation of milk.
PubMed:Reversal of cardiac and renal fibrosis by pirfenidone and spironolactone in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
PubMed:Radionuclide fluxes at a plant manufacturing dicalcium phosphate for domestic animals.
PubMed:Mechanical properties and water-vapor permeability of soy-protein films affected by calcium salts and glucono-delta-lactone.
PubMed:Bile salt hydrolase activity of Enterococci isolated from food: screening and quantitative determination.
PubMed:Gelation of edible blue-green algae protein isolate (Spirulina platensis Strain Pacifica): thermal transitions, rheological properties, and molecular forces involved.
PubMed:Effect of deboning time, muscle tensioning, and calcium chloride marination on texture characteristics of chicken breast meat.
PubMed:Hydration of pectic polysaccharides.
PubMed:Glucose oxidase release from calcium alginate gel capsules.
PubMed:Properties of tofus and soy milks prepared from soybeans having different subunits of glycinin.
PubMed:Calcium chloride sprays decrease physiological disorders following long-term cold storage of apple.
PubMed:Decreased in vitro fluoroquinolone concentrations after admixture with an enteral feeding formulation.
PubMed:Calcium- and magnesium-dependent aggregation of legume seed storage proteins.
PubMed:Effect of processing conditions on phospholipase D activity of corn kernel subcellular fractions.
PubMed:Sorption and leaching of atrazine and MCPA in natural and peat-amended calcareous soils from Spain.
PubMed:Incorporation of soy milk lipid into protein coagulum by addition of calcium chloride.
PubMed:Influence of partial replacement of NaCl with KCl and CaCl(2) on texture and color of dry fermented sausages.
PubMed:Kinetics of thermal inactivation of the extracellular proteinase from Pseudomonas fluorescens 22F: influence of pH, calcium, and protein.
PubMed:Kinetic compensation and the role of cations in pectinesterase catalysis.
PubMed:Firmness and phytochemical losses in pasteurized yellow banana peppers (Capsicum annuum) as affected by calcium chloride and storage.
PubMed:Stimulation of cell division in the rat by NaCl, KCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2, and inhibition of the sodium chloride effect on the glandular stomach by ascorbic acid and beta-carotene.
PubMed:Improvement of muscle protein functionality in processed meats by magnesium and other divalent chloride salts.
PubMed:Anything else to add?
PubMed:Influence of tightly bound Mg2+ and Ca2+, nucleotides, and phalloidin on the microsecond torsional flexibility of F-actin.
PubMed:Calcium supplements increase the serum levels of crosslinked N-telopeptides of bone collagen and parathyroid hormone in rachitic Nigerian children.
PubMed:Use and removal of sulfite by conversion to sulfate in the preservation of salt-free cucumbers.
PubMed:Effect of prerigor freezing and postrigor calcium chloride injection on the tenderness of callipyge longissimus.
PubMed:The effect of intrinsic fluoride in cows' milk on in vitro enamel demineralization.
PubMed:Evidence that peroral calcium does not activate the gastrin-ECL-cell axis in the rat.
PubMed:Calcium intake by rats: influence of parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D.
PubMed:Effect of postmortem injection time and postinjection aging time on the calcium-activated tenderization process in beef.
PubMed:Effect of electrical stimulation in combination with calcium chloride or sodium chloride treatments at constant ionic strength on moisture binding and textural quality of early-harvested breast fillets.
PubMed:Comment on the paper "Improving tenderness of normal and callipyge lambs with calcium chloride".
PubMed:The use of the bacteriocin, nisin, as a preservative in ricotta-type cheeses to control the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed:Effect of calcium addition and acidification on the quality characteristics of canned okra (Hibiscus esculentus L).
PubMed:Calcium chloride injection and degree of doneness effects on the sensory characteristics of beef inside round roasts.
PubMed:Tenderizing spent fowl meat with calcium chloride. 4. Improved oxidative stability and the effects of additional aging.
PubMed:Tenderizing spent fowl meat with calcium chloride. 3. Biochemical characteristics of tenderized breast meat.
PubMed:Tenderizing spent fowl meat with calcium chloride. 2. The role of delayed application and ionic strength.
PubMed:Improving tenderness of normal and callipyge lambs with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Attachment of Salmonella choleraesuis choleraesuis to beef muscle and adipose tissues.
PubMed:Mixture risk assessment: a case study of Monsanto experiences.
PubMed:Effect of vitamin C concentration and co-injection with calcium chloride on beef retail display color.
PubMed:Are the tastes of polycose and monosodium glutamate unique?
PubMed:Heat resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus spores in alginate-mushroom puree mixture.
PubMed:Flavor and texture characteristics of low fat ground beef patties formulated with whey protein concentrate.
PubMed:Restaurant consumer acceptance of beef loin strip steaks tenderized with calcium chloride.
PubMed:Different effects of three high-dose oral calcium salts on acid-base metabolism, plasma electrolytes and urine parameters of rats.
PubMed:Improvement of beef tenderness and quality traits with calcium chloride injection in beef loins 48 hours postmortem.
PubMed:Ontogeny of the ionic specificity of sodium appetite in the rat pup.
PubMed:Calcium chloride concentration, injection time, and aging period effects on tenderness, sensory, and retail color attributes of loin steaks from mature cows.
PubMed:Laying hens respond differently to high dietary levels of phosphorus in monobasic and dibasic calcium phosphate.
PubMed:Adrenoceptor-mediated cardiac and vascular responses in hypothyroid rats.
PubMed:Latent learning about calcium and sodium.
PubMed:Solubility of calcium salts and carrageenan used in infant formulas did not influence calcium absorption in rats.
PubMed:Computer-aided modeling and optimization for capsaicinoid production by immobilized Capsicum frutescens cells.
PubMed:Simplified methods for the synthesis of 2-hexadecanoylthio-1-ethylphosphorylcholine and for the determination of phospholipase A2 activity.
PubMed:Isolation of Yersinia enterocolitica from foods.
PubMed:Freezing and calcium chloride marination effects on beef tenderness and calpastatin activity.
PubMed:The role of Ca(2+)-dependent proteases (calpains) in post mortem proteolysis and meat tenderness.
PubMed:Effect of oral calcium and calcium + fluoride treatments on mouse bone properties during suspension.
PubMed:Effect of NaCl on catalysis of lipid oxidation by the soluble fraction of fish muscle.
PubMed:Effects of calcium chloride injection and hot boning on the tenderness of round muscles.
PubMed:Repression of the cell wall protein gene operon in Bacillus brevis 47 by magnesium and calcium ions.
PubMed:Reactive properties of the organic solvent-soluble lipase.
PubMed:The relationship between thromboxane and cytosolic calcium modifiers in rat platelets.
PubMed:A kinetic study of some factors which influence the intestinal absorption of calcium in rats.
PubMed:Effects of heat-, CaCl2- and ethanol-treatments on activation of Bacillus spores.
PubMed:Preliminary characterization of a food-borne multiple-antibiotic-resistant Salmonella typhimurium strain.
PubMed:[The salt appetite of rats with spontaneous arterial hypertension].
PubMed:Factors influencing the detachment of a polymer-associated Acinetobacter sp. from stainless steel.
PubMed:Evidence for two mechanisms of flocculation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:A technique for spot application of fibrin glue during open heart operations.
PubMed:Na deficiency and other physiological influences on voluntary Na intake of BALB/c mice.
PubMed:[Authorization request for the use of L-carnitine, calcium chloride and magnesium sulfate as nutritional additives in the formulation of food designed for specialized diets].
PubMed:Recovery of phenytoin from solutions of caseinate salts and calcium chloride.
PubMed:Microorganisms associated with mouldiness of dried yam chips and their prevention.
PubMed:Ionostatic control of food intake in the domestic fowl.
PubMed:Barium-impregnated fibrin glue: application to a bleeding duodenal sinus.
PubMed:Chemical composition and protein properties of peanuts.
PubMed:Avian coccidiosis: the administration of encapsulated oocysts.
PubMed:[Effect of varying the vitamin E allowance on the contractile function of the heart muscle].
PubMed:The effect of 'fibre-filler' (F-plan diet) on iron, zinc and calcium absorption in rats.
PubMed:Utilization by sheep of whole shelled corn impregnated with urea, calcium, potassium and sulfur.
PubMed:Do calories, osmolality, or calcium determine gastric emptying?
PubMed:Heat resistance, spore germination, and enterotoxigenicity of Clostridium perfringens.
PubMed:Influence of dietary electrolytes on digestive tract pH and acid-base status of chicks.
PubMed:Intravenous extravasation injuries: the effectiveness of hyaluronidase in their treatment.
PubMed:[Intra-analyzer organization of cortical neurons during conditioned reflex switching].
PubMed:Reduction of feeding in rats by calcitonin.
PubMed:Calcium-Induced Alteration of Cellular Morphology Affecting the Resistance of Lactobacillus acidophilus to Freezing.
PubMed:Functional importance of the taste papillae of Phormia regina M.
PubMed:Effects of calcium and pH on spun fibres produced from plasma-alginate mixtures.
PubMed:[Analytic study of foaming agents in imported beers].
PubMed:Solubility and heat stability of whey protein concentrates.
PubMed:Food iron absorption in human subjects. IV. The effects of calcium and phosphate salts on the absorption of nonheme iron.
PubMed:The role of ACTH and adrenal glucocorticoids in the salt appetite of wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus (L)).
PubMed:Adsorption of benzimidazole fungicides on montmorillonite and kaolinite clay surfaces.
PubMed:Factors affecting L-alanine induced germination of Bacillus spores.
PubMed:The effect of lithium and related metal ions on the urinary excretion of 2-oxoglutarate and citrate in the rat.
PubMed:Solubility behavior of soybean globulins as a function of pH and ionic strength.
PubMed:Hormonal factors influencing salt appetite in pregnancy.
PubMed:Taste preference in the chicken (Gallus domesticus L.).
PubMed:Effect of potassium depletion on mineral appetite in the rat.
PubMed:Characteristics of three phages infectious for psychrophilic fishery isolates of Pseudomonas putrefaciens.
PubMed:[Age-dependent calcium absorption].
PubMed:Isolation of inhibitory factor in raw milk whey active against propionibacteria.
PubMed:Preservatives in dairy foods.
a salt used to replenish calcium levels, as an acid-producing diuretic, and as an antidote for magnesium poisoning. Used as a postharvest dip to reduce decay in apples and berries. Added to food as an anticaking agent, curing or pickling agent, firming agent, flavour enhancer, antimrobial, humectant, nutrient supplement, pH control agent, processing aid, stabiliser and thickener, surface active agent, synergist or texturiser
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