EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

propylene carbonate
carbonic acid, cyclic propylene ether

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 108-32-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):104083-03-6
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-572-1
Nikkaji Web:J5.073C
Beilstein Number:0107913
XlogP3:-0.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:102.08942000
Formula:C4 H6 O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.18900 @ 25.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.42100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -55.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 240.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.035000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 270.00 °F. TCC ( 132.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.410
Soluble in:
 water, 1.75E+05 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 water, 2.582e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:minty spicy medical
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: solvents
viscosity controlling agents
Propylene carbonate S
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2-Oxo-4-methyl-1,3-dioxolane 95%
Charkit Chemical
Connect Chemicals
Propylene Carbonate (PC)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Propylene Carbonate (PC) is a VOC-free clear polar solvent having high boiling and flash points. Propylene Carbonate (PC) is a carbonate ester derived from propylene glycol with the peculiarity to have a low order of toxicity and a mild ether-like odor. Propylene Carbonate (PC) is stable under most conditions and it is not hydroscopic or corrosive. It is particularly well suited for applications requiring a water white product or high purity. It can be used in cosmetics and personal care products; mainly in the formulation of make-up, primarily lipstick, eye shadow, and mascara, as well as in skin cleansing products.
Covalent Chemical
Propylene Carbonate
ECSA Chemicals
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Propylene Carbonate
LyondellBasell Industries
Arconate Propylene Carbonate
Penta International
Penta International
Penta International
For experimental / research use only.
Propylene carbonate
Selectophore™, ≥99.0%
Silver Fern Chemical
Propylene Carbonate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Propylene carbonate is used in a variety of syntheses and applications as a polar, aprotic solvent. It can also be found in some adhesives, paint strippers, cosmetics, and can be used as a plasticizer.
SysKem Chemie
Propylene Carbonate
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Used in pharmaceutical cream and ointment bases.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD > 500 mg/kg
"Summary Tables of Biological Tests," National Research Council Chemical-Biological Coordination Center. Vol. 6, Pg. 218, 1954.

oral-mouse LD50 20700 mg/kg
Journal of the American College of Toxicology. Vol. 6(1), Pg. 23, 1987.

oral-rat LD50 29100 uL/kg
Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 4/25/1958

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 15800 mg/kg
Shikoku Igaku Zasshi. Shikoku Medical Journal. Vol. 28, Pg. 276, 1972.

skin-rabbit LD50 > 20 mL/kg
Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 4/25/1958

subcutaneous-rat LD50 11100 mg/kg
Shikoku Igaku Zasshi. Shikoku Medical Journal. Vol. 28, Pg. 276, 1972.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 > 5000 mg/m3
United States Patent Document. Vol. #5122301

Safety in Use Information:
Recommendation for propylene carbonate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for propylene carbonate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):108-32-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7924
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
RTECS:FF9650000 for cas# 108-32-7
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:108-32-7
Pubchem (cid):7924
Pubchem (sid):134972905
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):D05633
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 arconate 1000
 arconate 5000
 carbonic acid cyclic 1,2-propylene ester
 carbonic acid cyclic methylethylene ester
 carbonic acid, cyclic propylene ester
 carbonic acid, cyclic propylene ether
 carbonic acid, propylene ester
1,3-dioxolan-2-one, 4-methyl-
 jeffsol PC
1,2-propane diol cyclic carbonate
1,2-propanediol cyclic carbonate
 propylene carbonate S
 propylene glycol cyclic carbonate
 texacar PC


PubMed:Polypyridyl Ru(ii)-derivatized polypropylacrylate polymer with a terminal water oxidation catalyst. Application of reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization.
PubMed:Ring-Opening Graft Polymerization of Propylene Carbonate onto Xylan in an Ionic Liquid.
PubMed:Development of glucose biosensors based on nanostructured graphene-conducting polyaniline composite.
PubMed:Multicomponent Nanomaterials with Complex Networked Architectures from Orthogonal Degradation and Binary Metal Backfilling in ABC Triblock Terpolymers.
PubMed:Interpreting the nonlinear dielectric response of glass-formers in terms of the coupling model.
PubMed:Dual Emissions from Ruthenium(II) Complexes Having 4-Arylethynyl-1,10-phenanthroline at Low Temperature.
PubMed:Supercharging with m-Nitrobenzyl Alcohol and Propylene Carbonate: Forming Highly Charged Ions with Extended, Near-Linear Conformations.
PubMed:Enteric Polymer Based on pH-Responsive Aliphatic Polycarbonate Functionalized with Vitamin E To Facilitate Oral Delivery of Tacrolimus.
PubMed:A comparative study of layered transition metal oxide cathodes for application in sodium-ion battery.
PubMed:Ionic liquid supported on an electrodeposited polycarbazole film for the headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography determination of aromatic esters.
PubMed:Extremely supercharged proteins in mass spectrometry: profiling the pH of electrospray generated droplets, narrowing charge state distributions, and increasing ion fragmentation.
PubMed:Electrospun aligned poly(propylene carbonate) microfibers with chitosan nanofibers as tissue engineering scaffolds.
PubMed:Nanoparticle delivery of photosensitive Pt(IV) drugs for circumventing cisplatin cellular pathway and on-demand drug release.
PubMed:Dendrite-free lithium deposition with self-aligned nanorod structure.
PubMed:Effect of the alkali insertion ion on the electrochemical properties of nickel hexacyanoferrate electrodes.
PubMed:Mixtures of protic ionic liquids and propylene carbonate as advanced electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries.
PubMed:Impact of redox-active polymer molecular weight on the electrochemical properties and transport across porous separators in nonaqueous solvents.
PubMed:Manganese hexacyanomanganate open framework as a high-capacity positive electrode material for sodium-ion batteries.
PubMed:Lithium ion quantification using mercury amalgams as in situ electrochemical probes in nonaqueous media.
PubMed:Novel polymer gel electrolyte with organic solvents for quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells.
PubMed:Regarding initial ring opening of propylene oxide in its copolymerization with CO2 catalyzed by a cobalt(III) porphyrin complex.
PubMed:Ultrafast spectroscopy and structural characterization of a photochromic isomerizing ruthenium bis-sulfoxide complex.
PubMed:Diffusional motion of redox centers in carbonate electrolytes.
PubMed:Base-free non-noble-metal-catalyzed hydrogen generation from formic acid: scope and mechanistic insights.
PubMed:X-Ray absorption spectroscopy of LiBF4 in propylene carbonate: a model lithium ion battery electrolyte.
PubMed:Copolymerization and terpolymerization of carbon dioxide/propylene oxide/phthalic anhydride using a (salen)Co(III) complex tethering four quaternary ammonium salts.
PubMed:Aza-crown ether complex cation ionic liquids: preparation and applications in organic reactions.
PubMed:Investigating the effects of solvent on the ultrafast dynamics of a photoreversible ruthenium sulfoxide complex.
PubMed:Dynamics of the NbCl5-catalyzed cycloaddition of propylene oxide and CO2 : assessing the dual role of the nucleophilic Co-catalysts.
PubMed:Facile estimation of catalytic activity and selectivities in copolymerization of propylene oxide with carbon dioxide mediated by metal complexes with planar tetradentate ligand.
PubMed:A method of switching the signal in an MRI phantom based on trace ion currents.
PubMed:A method of orbital analysis for large-scale first-principles simulations.
PubMed:Calorimetric determination of fragility in glass forming liquids: T(f) vs. T(g-onset) methods.
PubMed:Can green solvents be alternatives for thermal stabilization of collagen?
PubMed:Enhanced performance of dicationic ionic liquid electrolytes by organic solvents.
PubMed:A polyoxovanadate as an advanced electrode material for supercapacitors.
PubMed:Tuning thin-film electrolyte for lithium battery by grafting cyclic carbonate and combed poly(ethylene oxide) on polysiloxane.
PubMed:Translational diffusion in mixtures of imidazolium ILs with polar aprotic molecular solvents.
PubMed:Solution additives for supercharging proteins beyond the theoretical maximum proton-transfer limit in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Electrocatalytic water oxidation by a monomeric amidate-ligated Fe(III)-aqua complex.
PubMed:Enhanced electric double-layer capacitance by desolvation of lithium ions in confined nanospaces of microporous carbon.
PubMed:The modification of polyurethane foams using new boroorganic polyols (II) polyurethane foams from boron-modified hydroxypropyl urea derivatives.
PubMed:Predicting ion specific capacitances of supercapacitors due to quantum ionic interactions.
PubMed:Synthesis of Cu, Zn and Cu/Zn brass alloy nanoparticles from metal amidinate precursors in ionic liquids or propylene carbonate with relevance to methanol synthesis.
PubMed:Electrochemical fabrication of a novel polycarbazole coating for the headspace solid-phase microextraction and GC determination of some chlorobenzenes.
PubMed:A critical overview of non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis. Part I: mobility and separation selectivity.
PubMed:Li(+)-molecule interactions of lithium tetrafluoroborate in propylene carbonate + N,N-dimethylformamide mixtures: an FTIR spectroscopic study.
PubMed:Electrochemical characterization of liquid phase exfoliated two-dimensional layers of molybdenum disulfide.
PubMed:Quantum chemistry study of the oxidation-induced stability and decomposition of propylene carbonate-containing complexes.
PubMed:Study on capacitance evolving mechanism of polypyrrole during prolonged cycling.
PubMed:Photoelectrochemical scanning droplet cell microscopy for localized photovoltaic investigations on organic semiconductors.
PubMed:An ionic-polymer-metallic composite actuator for reconfigurable antennas in mobile devices.
PubMed:Multiscale theory in the molecular simulation of electrolyte solutions.
PubMed:A new air-stable zinc complex based on a 1,2-phenylene-diimino-2-cyanoacrylate ligand as an efficient catalyst of the epoxide-CO2 coupling.
PubMed:Observation of strong nano-effect via tuning distributed architecture of graphene oxide in poly(propylene carbonate).
PubMed:NMR T1 relaxation time measurements and calculations with translational and rotational components for liquid electrolytes containing LiBF4 and propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Properties and in vitro characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate-chitosan scaffolds prepared by modified precipitation method.
PubMed:FTIR spectroscopic studies of lithium tetrafluoroborate in propylene carbonate+diethyl carbonate mixtures.
PubMed:Controlled synthesis of multi-arm star polyether-polycarbonate polyols based on propylene oxide and CO2.
PubMed:Colorimetric determination of pyrophosphate anion and its application to adenylation enzyme assay.
PubMed:Surface passivation of natural graphite electrode for lithium ion battery by chlorine gas.
PubMed:Sustained delivery of dbcAMP by poly(propylene carbonate) micron fibers promotes axonal regenerative sprouting and functional recovery after spinal cord hemisection.
PubMed:Relation between the activation energy of oxygen diffusion and the instantaneous shear modulus in propylene carbonate near the glass transition temperature.
PubMed:The influence of pore size and surface area of activated carbons on the performance of ionic liquid based supercapacitors.
PubMed:Potential of polyE-323 coated capillaries for capillary electrophoresis of lipids.
PubMed:In situ atomic force microscopy of lithiation and delithiation of silicon nanostructures for lithium ion batteries.
PubMed:A one-pot synthesis of a triblock copolymer from propylene oxide/carbon dioxide and lactide: intermediacy of polyol initiators.
PubMed:Influence of solvent on ion aggregation and transport in PY15TFSI ionic liquid-aprotic solvent mixtures.
PubMed:Ion dynamics in porous carbon electrodes in supercapacitors using in situ infrared spectroelectrochemistry.
PubMed:Superhydrophobic conducting polymers based on hydrocarbon poly(3,4-ethylenedioxyselenophene).
PubMed:Oxidative decomposition of propylene carbonate in lithium ion batteries: a DFT study.
PubMed:Tuning excited state isomerization dynamics through ground state structural changes in analogous ruthenium and osmium sulfoxide complexes.
PubMed:Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of single-site aluminium amides bearing benzotriazole phenoxide ligands: catalysis for ring-opening polymerization of lactide and carbon dioxide/propylene oxide coupling.
PubMed:Self-assembling, amphiphilic polymer-gemcitabine conjugate shows enhanced antitumor efficacy against human pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
PubMed:Non-volatile polymer electrolyte based on poly(propylene carbonate), ionic liquid, and lithium perchlorate for electrochromic devices.
PubMed:A chiral mixed metal-organic framework based on a Ni(saldpen) metalloligand: synthesis, characterization and catalytic performances.
PubMed:Catalytic disproportionation of the superoxide intermediate from electrochemical O2 reduction in nonaqueous electrolytes.
PubMed:Neutron reflectometry studies on the lithiation of amorphous silicon electrodes in lithium-ion batteries.
PubMed:Influence of the metal (Al, Cr, and Co) and substituents of the porphyrin in controlling reactions involved in copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide by porphyrin metal(III) complexes. 3. Cobalt chemistry.
PubMed:Interfaces of propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Nonlinear dielectric response at the excess wing of glass-forming liquids.
PubMed:Electrochemical characterization of sub-micro-gram amounts of organic semiconductors using scanning droplet cell microscopy.
PubMed:Mechanical and thermal properties of eco-friendly poly(propylene carbonate)/cellulose acetate butyrate blends.
PubMed:An advanced sodium-ion rechargeable battery based on a tin-carbon anode and a layered oxide framework cathode.
PubMed:Robust cycling of Li-O2 batteries through the synergistic effect of blended electrolytes.
PubMed:Direct electrodeposition of crystalline silicon at low temperatures.
PubMed:Micro-ultracapacitors with highly doped silicon nanowires electrodes.
PubMed:Excited-state relaxation of ruthenium polypyridyl compounds relevant to dye-sensitized solar cells.
PubMed:A new modular phosphite-pyridine ligand library for asymmetric Pd-catalyzed allylic substitution reactions: a study of the key Pd-π-allyl intermediates.
PubMed:Synergistic gelation of silica nanoparticles and a sorbitol-based molecular gelator to yield highly-conductive free-standing gel electrolytes.
PubMed:A comparative study on the thermophysical properties for two bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide-based ionic liquids containing the trimethyl-sulfonium or the trimethyl-ammonium cation in molecular solvents.
PubMed:Greening pharmaceutical applications of liquid chromatography through using propylene carbonate-ethanol mixtures instead of acetonitrile as organic modifier in the mobile phases.
PubMed:Greener bioanalytical approach for LC/MS-MS assay of enalapril and enalaprilat in human plasma with total replacement of acetonitrile throughout all analytical stages.
PubMed:Efficient electroorganic synthesis of 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydroxytriphenylene derivatives.
PubMed:Reaction of CO2 with propylene oxide and styrene oxide catalyzed by a chromium(III) amine-bis(phenolate) complex.
PubMed:Micellization of amphiphilic block copolymers in binary and ternary solvent mixtures.
PubMed:Influence of the metal (Al, Cr, and Co) and the substituents of the porphyrin in controlling the reactions involved in the copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide by porphyrin metal(III) complexes. 2. Chromium chemistry.
PubMed:Length and time scales of structural heterogeneities in deeply supercooled propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Nanostructured surfactant-based systems for the removal of polymers from wall paintings: a small-angle neutron scattering study.
PubMed:Biological characterization of folate-decorated biodegradable polymer-platinum(II) complex micelles.
PubMed:Dielectric spectroscopy and ultrasonic study of propylene carbonate under ultra-high pressures.
PubMed:Shear and dielectric responses of propylene carbonate, tripropylene glycol, and a mixture of two secondary amides.
PubMed:Electrochemical preparation of luminescent graphene quantum dots from multiwalled carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Biodegradable amphiphilic copolymer containing nucleobase: synthesis, self-assembly in aqueous solutions, and potential use in controlled drug delivery.
PubMed:Poly(glycidyl methacrylate-acrylonitrile)-based polymeric electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cell applications.
PubMed:An optical microscopy study on the phase structure of poly(L-lactide acid)/poly(propylene carbonate) blends.
PubMed:Ionic liquid-nanoparticle hybrid electrolytes and their application in secondary lithium-metal batteries.
PubMed:Organic carbonates as stabilizing solvents for transition-metal nanoparticles.
PubMed:Interactions between polyacrylonitrile and solvents: density functional theory study and two-dimensional infrared correlation analysis.
PubMed:Partially reduced graphite oxide as an electrode material for electrochemical double-layer capacitors.
PubMed:On the density scaling of pVT data and transport properties for molecular and ionic liquids.
PubMed:Capacitive energy storage in nanostructured carbon-electrolyte systems.
PubMed:Low-temperature ozone exposure technique to modulate the stoichiometry of WOx nanorods and optimize the electrochromic performance.
PubMed:Influence of adsorbed polar molecules on the electronic transport in a composite material Li(1.1)V3O8-PMMA for lithium batteries.
PubMed:Refractive index, molar refraction and comparative refractive index study of propylene carbonate binary liquid mixtures.
PubMed:Electrochemistry and DFT simulation of optical spectra of N-ferrocenoyl-N'-ω-decenoyl-ethylenediamine.
PubMed:Electrochemiluminescence cell fabrication using TiO2 nanotube produced by anodic oxidation.
PubMed:Efficiency enhancement in dye sensitized solar cells using gel polymer electrolytes based on a tetrahexylammonium iodide and MgI2 binary iodide system.
PubMed:Free-energy and structural analysis of ion solvation and contact ion-pair formation of Li(+) with BF4(-) and PF6(-) in water and carbonate solvents.
PubMed:Microstructure and properties of polyhydroxybutyrate-chitosan-nanohydroxyapatite composite scaffolds.
PubMed:Large-scale first-principles molecular dynamics for electrochemical systems with O(N) methods.
PubMed:Variation of electrochemical capacitor performance with Room Temperature Ionic Liquid electrolyte viscosity and ion size.
PubMed:Role of the triiodide/iodide redox couple in dye regeneration in p-type dye-sensitized solar cells.
PubMed:Influence of coupling bonds on the anti-tumor activity of polymer-pirarubicin conjugates.
PubMed:A new piece in the puzzle of lithium/air batteries: computational study on the chemical stability of propylene carbonate in the presence of lithium peroxide.
PubMed:Photostability of phosphonate-derivatized, Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes on metal oxide surfaces.
PubMed:Bimolecular electron transfers that deviate from the Sandros-Boltzmann dependence on free energy: steric effect.
PubMed:Surface modification of poly(propylene carbonate) by aminolysis and layer-by-layer assembly for enhanced cytocompatibility.
PubMed:Potential-induced phase transition of low-index Au single crystal surfaces in propylene carbonate solution.
PubMed:Selective double quantum resolved correlation experiment for the complete separation of entire proton NMR spectra of enantiomers.
PubMed:Kinetics of azobenzene nitrene oxidation by molecular oxygen in glassy propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Proton-coupled electron transfer at modified electrodes by multiple pathways.
PubMed:Composite electronic materials based on poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene) and highly charged poly(aryleneethynylene)-wrapped carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors.
PubMed:Glassy relaxation and excess wing in mode-coupling theory: the dynamic susceptibility of propylene carbonate above and below T(c).
PubMed:Fabrication and in vivo osteogenesis of biomimetic poly(propylene carbonate) scaffold with nanofibrous chitosan network in macropores for bone tissue engineering.
PubMed:Fluorinated ethylene carbonate as electrolyte additive for rechargeable Na batteries.
PubMed:Hydrogen storage and delivery: the carbon dioxide - formic acid couple.
PubMed:A theoretical study of structure-solubility correlations of carbon dioxide in polymers containing ether and carbonyl groups.
PubMed:Preparation of flexible and elastic poly(trimethylene carbonate) structures by stereolithography.
PubMed:Density functional theory study of the role of anions on the oxidative decomposition reaction of propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Microscopic structure and dynamics of LiBF4 solutions in cyclic and linear carbonates.
PubMed:Temperature dependence of the Landau-Placzek ratio in glass forming liquids.
PubMed:Dielectric properties of organic solvents from non-polarizable molecular dynamics simulation with electronic continuum model and density functional theory.
PubMed:Efficient dehydrogenation of formic acid using an iron catalyst.
PubMed:High-rate oxygen reduction in mixed nonaqueous electrolyte containing acetonitrile.
PubMed:Biocompatibility evaluation of electrospun aligned poly (propylene carbonate) nanofibrous scaffolds with peripheral nerve tissues and cells in vitro.
PubMed:Supercapacitors based on self-assembled graphene organogel.
PubMed:Differences in reactivity of epoxides in the copolymerisation with carbon dioxide by zinc-based catalysts: propylene oxide versus cyclohexene oxide.
PubMed:Nanoparticle-coated separators for lithium-ion batteries with advanced electrochemical performance.
PubMed:High ionic conductivity P(VDF-TrFE)/PEO blended polymer electrolytes for solid electrochromic devices.
PubMed:Polymer synthesis: making the gradient.
PubMed:Dimers of cyclic carbonates: chirality recognition in battery solvents and energy storage.
PubMed:Fibrous Scaffolds Made by Co-Electrospinning Soluble Eggshell Membrane Protein with Biodegradable Synthetic Polymers.
PubMed:Mussel-inspired polydopamine-treated polyethylene separators for high-power li-ion batteries.
PubMed:Application of π-extended ferrocene with varied anchoring groups as photosensitizers in TiO2-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).
PubMed:High-yield synthesis of few-layer graphene flakes through electrochemical expansion of graphite in propylene carbonate electrolyte.
PubMed:Proline-catalysed amination reactions in cyclic carbonate solvents.
PubMed:Heat capacity in the glass transition range modeled on the basis of heterogeneous dynamics.
PubMed:The influence of the metal (Al, Cr, and Co) and the substituents of the porphyrin in controlling the reactions involved in the copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide by porphyrin metal(III) complexes. 1. Aluminum chemistry.
PubMed:Synthesis, characterization, and lectin recognition of hyperbranched polysaccharide obtained from 1,6-anhydro-D-hexofuranose.
PubMed:Highly stable redox-active molecular layers by covalent grafting to conductive diamond.
PubMed:[Influence of aligned electrospinning poly (propylene carbonate) on axonal growth of dorsal root ganglion in vitro].
PubMed:Accurate static and dynamic properties of liquid electrolytes for Li-ion batteries from ab initio molecular dynamics.
PubMed:Stereocomplex of poly(propylene carbonate): synthesis of stereogradient poly(propylene carbonate) by regio- and enantioselective copolymerization of propylene oxide with carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Generalizations of the Fuoss approximation for ion pairing.
PubMed:Design, synthesis, and electrochemistry of room-temperature ionic liquids functionalized with propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(2-methyl-2-benzoxycarbonyl-propylene carbonate) micelles for rapamycin delivery: in vitro characterization and biodistribution.
PubMed:An improved approach to poly(ester-carbonate) conjugates.
PubMed:Models for liquid-liquid partition in the system propylene carbonate-organic solvent and their use for estimating descriptors for organic compounds.
PubMed:Ocular irritation reversibility assessment for personal care products using a porcine corneal culture assay.
PubMed:Thermal stability, photochromic sensitivity and optical properties of [Ru(bpy)(2)(OSOR)]+ compounds with R = Bn, BnCl, BnMe.
PubMed:Biodegradable microfibers deliver the antitumor drug temozolomide to glioma C6 cells in vitro.
PubMed:Non-specific and specific interactions on functionalized polymer surface studied by FT-SPR.
PubMed:The effects of different plant extracts on intestinal cestodes and on trematodes.
PubMed:Nonaqueous catalytic water oxidation.
PubMed:Kinetics and mechanism of vanadium catalysed asymmetric cyanohydrin synthesis in propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Carbon dioxide-based copolymers: environmental benefits of PPC, an industrially viable catalyst.
PubMed:Demixing of severely overlapped ¹H NMR resonances and interpretation of anomalous intensity pattern of dipolar coupled A₃ spins in a weakly aligning medium.
PubMed:A bimetallic iron(III) catalyst for CO2/epoxide coupling.
PubMed:The reaction of primary aromatic amines with alkylene carbonates for the selective synthesis of bis-N-(2-hydroxy)alkylanilines: the catalytic effect of phosphonium-based ionic liquids.
PubMed:Removal of acrylic coatings from works of art by means of nanofluids: understanding the mechanism at the nanoscale.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of amphiphilic lipopolymers for micellar drug delivery.
PubMed:Length scale of heterogeneities in glassy propylene carbonate probed by oxygen diffusion.
PubMed:Experimental and molecular simulation investigation of enhanced CO2 solubility in hybrid adsorbents.
PubMed:Anti-tumor Activity of Biodegradable Polymer-Paclitaxel Conjugate Micelles on Lewis Lung Cancer Mice Models.
PubMed:Impact of the electrochemical porosity and chemical composition on the lithium ion exchange behavior of polypyrroles (ClO4-, TOS-, TFSI-) prepared electrochemically in propylene carbonate. comparative EQCM, EIS and CV studies.
PubMed:Solvent effects on isomerization in a ruthenium sulfoxide complex.
PubMed:A chiral solvent effect in asymmetric organocatalysis.
PubMed:Compatibilization by homopolymer: significant improvements in the modulus and tensile strength of PPC/PMMA blends by the addition of a small amount of PVAc.
PubMed:A triphenylamine-grafted imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline ruthenium(II) complex: acid-base and photoelectric properties.
PubMed:Effect of a quaternary ammonium salt on propylene carbonate structure in slit-shape carbon nanopores.
PubMed:Dielectric saturation of liquid propylene carbonate in electrical energy storage applications.
PubMed:Exfoliation of graphite oxide in propylene carbonate and thermal reduction of the resulting graphene oxide platelets.
PubMed:Stereoselectivity in electron-transfer reactions in chiral media.
PubMed:Comparison of interionic/intermolecular vibrational dynamics between ionic liquids and concentrated electrolyte solutions.
PubMed:Poly(vinyl alcohol)-borate hydro/cosolvent gels: viscoelastic properties, solubilizing power, and application to art conservation.
PubMed:Lactose mediated liver-targeting effect observed by ex vivo imaging technology.
PubMed:7Li NMR chemical shift titration and theoretical DFT calculation studies: solvent and anion effects on second-order complexation of 12-crown-4 and 1-aza-12-crown-4 with lithium cation in several aprotic solvents.
PubMed:Theoretical investigations on oxidative stability of solvents and oxidative decomposition mechanism of ethylene carbonate for lithium ion battery use.
PubMed:New type of Li ion conductor with 3D interconnected nanopores via polymerization of a liquid organic electrolyte-filled lyotropic liquid-crystal assembly.
PubMed:Carbonates: ecofriendly solvents for palladium-catalyzed direct 2-arylation of oxazole derivatives.
PubMed:Density scaling and dynamic correlations in viscous liquids.
PubMed:Revisiting the laser dye Styryl-13 as a reference near-infrared fluorophore: implications for the photoluminescence quantum yields of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Inhibition of bubble coalescence by electrolytes in binary mixtures of dimethyl sulfoxide and propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers.
PubMed:Electric and mechanical relaxations of LiClO4-propylene carbonate systems in 100 MHz region.
PubMed:Iridium phosphite-oxazoline catalysts for the highly enantioselective hydrogenation of terminal alkenes.
PubMed:Polarizable force field development and molecular dynamics simulations of ionic liquids.
PubMed:Visualization of enantiomers using natural abundant (13)C-filtered single and double quantum selective refocusing experiments: Application to small chiral molecules.
PubMed:Electrochemical isotope effect and lithium isotope separation.
PubMed:Ion specific electrolyte effects on thin film drainage in nonaqueous solvents propylene carbonate and formamide.
PubMed:Multi-walled carbon nanotube paper anodes for lithium ion batteries.
PubMed:Organic carbonates as alternative solvents for asymmetric hydrogenation.
PubMed:Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection.
PubMed:Theoretical insight into oxidative decomposition of propylene carbonate in the lithium ion battery.
PubMed:Investigation of the ion storage/transfer behavior in an electrical double-layer capacitor by using ordered microporous carbons as model materials.
PubMed:Correlation between ion diffusional motion and ionic conductivity for different electrolytes based on ionic liquid.
PubMed:Variable-band-gap poly(arylene ethynylene) conjugated polyelectrolytes adsorbed on nanocrystalline TiO(2): photocurrent efficiency as a function of the band gap.
PubMed:Synthesis and structure of bismuth compounds bearing a sulfur-bridged bis(phenolato) ligand and their catalytic application to the solvent-free synthesis of propylene carbonate from CO2 and propylene oxide.
PubMed:The effect of plasma lipids on the pharmacokinetics of chlorpyrifos and the impact on interpretation of blood biomonitoring data.
PubMed:A direct test of the correlation between elastic parameters and fragility of ten glass formers and their relationship to elastic models of the glass transition.
PubMed:New mega-Farad ultracapacitors.
PubMed:Evaluation of lithium ion insertion reactivity via electrochromic diffraction-based imaging.
PubMed:In situ attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy of imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids under "supercritical" CO(2).
PubMed:Calix[4]pyrrole derivative: recognition of fluoride and mercury ions and extracting properties of the receptor-based new material.
PubMed:A highly porous NiO/polyaniline composite film prepared by combining chemical bath deposition and electro-polymerization and its electrochromic performance.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of imidacloprid in relation to metabolic activation and composition of the commercial product.
PubMed:Electrochemical determination of iodide on a vanadium oxide-polypropylene carbonate coated glassy carbon electrode.
PubMed:Rh-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of unsaturated lactate precursors in propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Comparison of electron-transfer rates for metal- versus ring-centered redox processes of porphyrins in monolayers on Au(111).
PubMed:Confinement effects on the self-assembly of 1,3:2,4-Di-p-methylbenzylidene sorbitol based organogel.
PubMed:High-performance quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell based on an electrospun PVdF-HFP membrane electrolyte.
PubMed:Halide coordination to zinc porphyrin sensitizers anchored to nanocrystalline TiO2.
PubMed:Organic carbonates as alternative solvents for palladium-catalyzed substitution reactions.
PubMed:Ion-specific influence of electrolytes on bubble coalescence in nonaqueous solvents.
PubMed:Limiting conductances of electrolytes and the walden product in mixed solvents in a phenomenological approach.
PubMed:Supersensitivity of transition-metal nanoparticle formation to initial precursor concentration and reaction temperature: understanding its origins.
PubMed:Functional polyterthiophene-appended uranyl-salophen complex: electropolymerization and ion-selective response for monohydrogen phosphate.
PubMed:The inflection point in the pressure dependence of viscosity under high pressure: a comprehensive study of the temperature and pressure dependence of the viscosity of propylene carbonate.
PubMed:A partially substituted calix[4]resorcarene receptor and its selective recognition for soft metal cations (silver and mercury).
PubMed:Stability of benzoyl peroxide in aromatic ester-containing topical formulations.
PubMed:Myotoxicity studies of O/W-in situ forming microparticle systems.
PubMed:Rhodium-complex-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation: transformation of precatalysts into active species.
PubMed:Electrochemical and EPR studies of the corannulene ruthenium(II) sandwich complex [(eta6-C6Me6)Ru(eta6-C20H10)](SbF6)(2).
PubMed:Determination of ammonia based on the electrochemical oxidation of N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine in propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Establishment of a biomimetic device based on tri-layer polymer actuators--propulsion fins.
PubMed:Nanocluster formation and stabilization fundamental studies: ranking the nanocluster stabilizing ability of halides.
PubMed:Propylene carbonate as a solvent for asymmetric hydrogenations.
PubMed:Preparation of novel polymeric microspheres for controlled release of finasteride.
PubMed:Cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides catalyzed by polyaniline salts.
PubMed:Structure of SDS micelles with propylene carbonate as cosolvent: a PGSE-NMR and SAXS study.
PubMed:Solvation structure of Li+ in concentrated LiPF6-propylene carbonate solutions.
PubMed:Preparation and properties of biodegradable polymeric blends from poly(propylene carbonate) and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol).
PubMed:Engineering of vascular grafts with genetically modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on poly (propylene carbonate) graft.
PubMed:Trapping of charge carriers in colloidal particles of self-assembled films from TiO(2) and poly(vinyl sulfonic acid).
PubMed:Cathodic electrodeposition of mixed molybdenum tungsten oxides from peroxo-polymolybdotungstate solutions.
PubMed:Two-dimensional double metal cyanide complexes: highly active catalysts for the homopolymerization of propylene oxide and copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide.
PubMed:PEGylated Nanoparticles based on a polyaspartamide. preparation, physico-chemical characterization, and intracellular uptake.
PubMed:Direct in situ observation of dynamic transport for electrolyte components by NMR combined with electrochemical measurements.
PubMed:Ultrafast synthesis of ultrahigh molar mass polymers by metal-catalyzed living radical polymerization of acrylates, methacrylates, and vinyl chloride mediated by SET at 25 degrees C.
PubMed:A test of the transition-metal nanocluster formation and stabilization ability of the most common polymeric stabilizer, poly(vinylpyrrolidone), as well as four other polymeric protectants.
PubMed:Nanocluster formation and stabilization fundamental studies: investigating "solvent-only" stabilization en route to discovering stabilization by the traditionally weakly coordinating anion BF4- plus high dielectric constant solvents.
PubMed:Catalytic asymmetric addition of carbon dioxide to propylene oxide with unprecedented enantioselectivity.
PubMed:Universal and non-universal features of the dynamic susceptibility of supercooled liquids.
PubMed:Polymer electrolytes based on room temperature ionic liquid: 2,3-dimethyl-1-octylimidazolium triflate.
PubMed:Two-cation competition in ionic-liquid-modified electrolytes for lithium ion batteries.
PubMed:Solvent decompositions and physical properties of decomposition compounds in Li-ion battery electrolytes studied by DFT calculations and molecular dynamics simulations.
PubMed:Effect of water and alkali modifications on ETS-10 for the cycloaddition of CO2 to propylene oxide.
PubMed:Solvent control on the selective, nonselective, and absent response of a partially substituted lower rim calix(4)arene derivative for soft metal cations (mercury(II) and silver(I)). Structural and thermodynamic studies.
PubMed:New insights on anion recognition by isomers of a calix pyrrole derivative.
PubMed:Peculiar properties of water as solute.
PubMed:A novel carbon electrode material for highly improved EDLC performance.
PubMed:A new interpretation of dielectric data in molecular glass formers.
PubMed:Biodegradability and thermal stability of poly(propylene carbonate)/starch composites.
PubMed:Morphology, ionic diffusion and applicability of novel polymer gel electrolytes with LiI/I2.
PubMed:Anion complexation by calix[3]thieno[1]pyrrole: the medium effect.
PubMed:Molar conductivity calculation of Li-ion battery electrolyte based on mode coupling theory.
PubMed:Infrared (attenuated total reflection) study of propylene carbonate solutions containing lithium and sodium perchlorate.
PubMed:Ionic limiting molar conductivity calculation of Li-ion battery electrolyte based on mode coupling theory.
PubMed:Covalent bonding of alkene and alkyne reagents to graphitic carbon surfaces.
PubMed:Tetrahaloindate(III)-based ionic liquids in the coupling reaction of carbon dioxide and epoxides to generate cyclic carbonates: H-bonding and mechanistic studies.
PubMed:Stepped light-induced transient measurements of photocurrent and voltage in dye-sensitized solar cells: application for highly viscous electrolyte systems.
PubMed:Specialist gelator for ionic liquids.
PubMed:On the formation of aliphatic polycarbonates from epoxides with chromium(III) and aluminum(III) metal-salen complexes.
PubMed:Cobalt catalysts for the alternating copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide: combining high activity and selectivity.
PubMed:Diffusive solvent dynamics in a polymer gel electrolyte studied by quasielastic neutron scattering.
PubMed:Nanostructured fluids based on propylene carbonate/water mixtures.
PubMed:Direct Yellow and Methylene Blue liquid-liquid extraction with alkylene carbonates.
PubMed:Effective, selective coupling of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide to poly(propylene carbonate) using (salen)CrN3 catalysts.
PubMed:Specific background electrolytes for nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Spatially resolved imaging of inhomogeneous charge transfer behavior in polymorphous molybdenum oxide. II. Correlation of localized coloration/insertion properties using spectroelectrochemical microscopy.
PubMed:Photoelectrochemistry on Ru(II)-2,2'-bipyridine-phosphonate-derivatized TiO2 with the I3-/I- and quinone/hydroquinone relays. Design of photoelectrochemical synthesis cells.
PubMed:A dielectric fallacy in inferring Tg of water.
PubMed:Temperature and volume effects on the change of dynamics in propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Studies of bicarbonate binding by dinuclear and mononuclear Ni(II) complexes.
PubMed:Electrowetting (EW)-based valve combined with hydrophilic teflon microfluidic guidance in controlling continuous fluid flow.
PubMed:Radiation and temperature effects on conductivity properties of PVA-KOH-PC composite.
PubMed:Concerning the mechanism of the ring opening of propylene oxide in the copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide to give poly(propylene carbonate).
PubMed:Electrochemical insertion of magnesium ions into V2O5 from aprotic electrolytes with varied water content.
PubMed:Effect of large hydrostatic pressure on the dielectric loss spectrum of type- a glass formers.
PubMed:(Salen)tin complexes: syntheses, characterization, crystal structures, and catalytic activity in the formation of propylene carbonate from CO(2) and propylene oxide.
PubMed:Photocyanation of pyrene across an oil/water interface in a polymer microchannel chip.
PubMed:Dilatometric and mass spectrometric investigations on lithium ion battery anode materials.
PubMed:Asymmetric catalysis with CO2: direct synthesis of optically active propylene carbonate from racemic epoxides.
PubMed:Sensitization and stabilization of TiO(2) photoanodes with electropolymerized overlayer films of ruthenium and zinc polypyridyl complexes: a stable aqueous photoelectrochemical cell.
PubMed:Enhanced ionic conductivity of polymer electrolytes containing nanocomposite SiO2 particles.
PubMed:A spectroelectrochemical study on perylene cation radical in polymer microchannel-microelectrode chips.
PubMed:In vitro release of Tacrolimus from Tacrolimus ointment and its speculated mechanism.
PubMed:Power laws in polymer solution dynamics.
PubMed:Solvent compatibility of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based microfluidic devices.
PubMed:Long-range transport in an assembly of ZnO quantum dots: the effects of quantum confinement, Coulomb repulsion and structural disorder.
PubMed:Photochemical behavior of azobenzene-conjugated CoII, CoIII, and FeII bis(terpyridine) complexes.
PubMed:[An IR study of ion solvation and association of lithium perchlorate in some organic solvents].
PubMed:Comparative kinetic studies of the copolymerization of cyclohexene oxide and propylene oxide with carbon dioxide in the presence of chromium salen derivatives. In situ FTIR measurements of copolymer vs cyclic carbonate production.
PubMed:Heteroconjugation-based capillary electrophoretic separation of phenolic compounds in acetonitrile and propylene carbonate.
PubMed:A rapid and effective synthesis of propylene carbonate using a supercritical CO2-ionic liquid system.
PubMed:Elution behavior of polyethylene in polar mobile phases on a non-polar sorbent.
PubMed:Nonaqueous electrophoresis microchip separations: conductivity detection in UV-absorbing solvents.
PubMed:Photoluminescence switching of azobenzene-conjugated Pt(II) terpyridine complexes by trans-cis photoisomerization.
PubMed:Photosensitized oxidation of 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin: singlet oxygen does not contribute to the formation of fluorescent oxidation product 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein.
PubMed:Ion-molecule interactions in solutions of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate + diethyl carbonate mixtures: an IR and molecular orbital study.
PubMed:Determination of electroosmotic flow mobility with a pressure-mediated dual-ion technique for capillary electrophoresis with conductivity detection using organic solvents.
PubMed:Cyclic carbonate formation from carbon dioxide and oxiranes in tetrabutylammonium halides as solvents and catalysts.
PubMed:Brillouin-scattering study of propylene carbonate: an evaluation of phenomenological and mode coupling analyses.
PubMed:Broadband dielectric spectroscopy on glass-forming propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Anisole hydrogenation with well-characterized polyoxoanion- and tetrabutylammonium-stabilized Rh(0) nanoclusters: effects of added water and acid, plus enhanced catalytic rate, lifetime, and partial hydrogenation selectivity.
PubMed:Electrophoretic mobilities of large organic ions in nonaqueous solvents: determination by capillary electrophoresis in propylene carbonate, N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N,-dimethylacetamide, acetonitrile and methanol.
PubMed:Solid-state structures of zinc(II) benzoate complexes. Catalyst precursors for the coupling of carbon dioxide and epoxides.
PubMed:Propylene carbonate as a nonaqueous solvent for capillary electrophoresis: mobility and ionization constant of aliphatic amines.
PubMed:Quenching of singlet molecular oxygen (1O2) by azide anion in solvent mixtures.
PubMed:Study on photoconductivity of dye-polymer-based solid-state thin film.
PubMed:A new vogel-like law: ionic conductivity, dielectric relaxation, and viscosity near the glass transition.
PubMed:Extension of the application range of UV-absorbing organic solvents in capillary electrophoresis by the use of a contactless conductivity detector.
PubMed:Mode-coupling theory and polynomial fitting functions: a complex-plane representation of dielectric data on polymers.
PubMed:[Characterization of Ru(bpy)(3)2+ and Ru(phen)(3)2+ complexes with silver(i) ion of ground state in propylene-carbonate].
PubMed:Kinetics and stoichiometry in the Karl Fischer solution.
PubMed:The problem of uniqueness of fit for viscoelastic films on thickness-shear mode resonator surfaces.
PubMed:Universal and nonuniversal features of glassy relaxation in propylene carbonate
PubMed:Vibrational spectroscopic studies on ion solvation of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate + N,N-dimethylformamide mixtures.
PubMed:Excess wing in the dielectric loss of glass formers: A johari-goldstein beta relaxation?
PubMed:Merocyanine 540 solubilized as an ion pair with cationic surfactant in nonpolar solvents: spectral and photochemical properties.
PubMed:Non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis of drugs: properties and application of selected solvents.
PubMed:Influence of solvent polarity and proticity on the photochemical properties of norfloxacin.
PubMed:Synthesis and X-ray Structure of the Novel Aluminum Complex [{eta(3)-HB(3-Phpz)(2)(5-Phpz)}(2)Al][AlCl(4)]. Catalysis of CO(2)/Propylene Oxide to Propylene Carbonate by the AlCl(4)(-) Anion.
PubMed:Acid-base equilibria in gamma-butyrolactone studied by use of pH-ISFETs.
PubMed:A 7Li and 19F NMR relaxation study of LiCF3SO3 in plasticised solid polyether electrolytes.
PubMed:Permeability of commercial solvents through living human skin.
PubMed:An in vitro method for determination of tissue partition coefficients of non-volatile chemicals such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and estradiol.
PubMed:Pressure and propylene carbonate denaturation of native and "aged" phosphorylated cholinesterase.
PubMed:Light-scattering study of the liquid-glass transition in propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Potentiometric response of poly(3-octylthiophene), poly(3-methylthiophene) and polythiophene in aqueous solutions.
PubMed:Solvent extraction of uranium(VI) into toluene by dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 from mixed aqueous-organic solutions.
PubMed:Coulometric titrations of bases in propylene carbonate using hydrogenpalladium and deuteriumpalladium generator electrodes.
PubMed:Determination of water in ascorbic acid by the proton isoconcentration technique using the standard addition method.
PubMed:Metabolic fate of the new anti-ulcer drug enprostil in animals. 4th communication: effect on hepatic drug metabolizing enzyme system in rats.
PubMed:Separation of the stereoisomers of an allenic E-type prostaglandin.
PubMed:Evaluation of glove material resistance to ethylene glycol dimethyl ether permeation.
PubMed:Release of lonapalene from two-phase emulsion-type ointment systems.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic determination of mecarbam and its metabolites mecarboxon, diethoate, and diethoxon in cottonseeds.
PubMed:Multidimensional column-switching liquid chromatographic method for dissolution testing of enprostil soft elastic gelatin capsules.
PubMed:Reactivity of enprostil stereoisomers in soft elastic gelatin capsules.
PubMed:Determination of propylene carbonate in pharmaceutical formulations using liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Vapour and liquid diffusion of model penetrants through human skin; correlation with thermodynamic activity.
PubMed:Correlation of thermodynamic activity and vapour diffusion through human skin for the model compound, benzyl alcohol.
PubMed:Examination of biodegradability of poly(ethylene carbonate) and poly(propylene carbonate) in the peritoneal cavity in rats.
PubMed:2-methyltetrahydrofuran--lithium hexafluoroarsenate: a superior electrolyte for the secondary lithium electrode.
PubMed:Transdermal uptake of a peptide hormone: inhibition by calcitonin eardrops of induced osteolysis in guinea-pig ossicles.
PubMed:[On the contamination of milk and milk products with chlorinated hydrocarbons. I. Methods].
PubMed:Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction method. Extraction of iron(III) thenoyltrifluoroacetonate by propylene carbonate.
PubMed:Propylene carbonate extraction of tris(pentan-2,4-dione)-iron(3) from aqueous solution: application to the spectrophotometric determination of iron.
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