dextro-mannitol
D-mannitol
 
Notes:
a diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. it has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. it can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity. Permitted bulk sweetener for foods. Sweetening agent. Food additive, used as anticaking agent, lubricant, for stabiliser and thickener, and for other uses in food processing A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.; Chemically, mannitol is an alcohol and a sugar, or a polyol; Mannitol is a non-permeating molecule i.e. it cannot cross biological membranes.; Mannitol is a sugar alcohol, that is, it is derived from a sugar by reduction. Other sugar alcohols include xylitol and sorbitol. Aqueous solutions of mannitol are mildly acidic and sometimes such solutions are treated to raise the pH. Chemical Abstracts Registry Numbers for mannitol are 123897-58-5, 69-65-8 (D-Mannitol), 75398-80-0, 85085-15-0, and 87-78-5 (mannitol with unspecified stereochemistry).; Mannitol is an organic compound with the formula (C6H8(OH)6). This polyol is used as an osmotic diuretic agent and a weak renal vasodilator. It was originally isolated from the secretions of the flowering ash, called manna after their resemblance to the Biblical food, and is also be referred to as mannite and manna sugar.; Mannitol or hexan-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol (C6H8(OH)6) is an osmotic diuretic agent and a weak renal vasodilator. It is a sorbitol isomer.; it is similar to xylitol or sorbitol. However, mannitol has a tendency to lose a hydrogen ion in aqueous solutions, which causes the solution to become acidic. For this, it is not uncommon to add a substance to adjust its pH, such as sodium bicarbonate.
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
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      MANNITOL ACS
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
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      Product(s):
      Mannitol
       
  • O'Laughlin Industries
    • O'Laughlin Industries Inc.
      Manufacturer of Aroma
      Leading the Flavor and Fragrance Industry since 1980.
      O'Laughlin was established in 1980 by its owner and chief executive Michael O'Laughlin, when he moved to Beijing, China and established a small office. Since then it has grown to be a world class producer of chemicals, with significant production facilities in China, and distribution and sales in all major world markets.
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      US Voice: (973) 376-4600
      US Fax: (973) 376-4630
      Product(s):
      103094 MANNITOL
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
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      Product(s):
      13-06300 MANNITOL GRANULAR USP, Kosher
      13-06400 MANNITOL POWDER USP
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
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      Product(s):
      M0044 D-Mannitol >99.0%(T)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol (Click)
CAS Number: 69-65-8Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 200-711-8
FDA UNII: 3OWL53L36A
Nikkaji Web: J2.369H
Beilstein Number: 1721898
MDL: MFCD00064287
XlogP3: -3.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 182.17278000
Formula: C6 H14 O6
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: sweeteners, humectants, texturizers, stabilizers, bulking agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
180.25 Mannitol View-review
EU SANCO Mannitol View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Mannitol

Mannitol
GSFA Codex: Mannitol (421)
DG SANTE Food Additives: D-mannitol
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 100 -- GENERAL


FDA PART 101 -- FOOD LABELING
Subpart E--Specific Requirements for Health Claims
Sec. 101.80 Health claims: dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries.


FDA PART 101 -- FOOD LABELING
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 101.9 Nutrition labeling of food.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.320 Resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1390 Laminate structures for use at temperatures of 250 deg. F and above.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2420 Polyester resins, cross-linked.


FDA PART 180 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD OR IN CONTACT WITH FOOD ON AN INTERIM BASIS PENDING ADDITIONAL STUDY
Subpart B--Specific Requirements for Certain Food Additives
Sec. 180.25 Mannitol.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 164.00 to  168.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 290.00 to  295.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 558.00 °F. TCC ( 292.50 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -3.262 (est)
Soluble in:
 acetic acid, slightly
 ethyl alcohol, vary slightly
 water, 216000 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 ether
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: odorless
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
odorless
 sweet  
Taste Description:
sweet
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
humectants
masking agents
moisturising agents
skin conditioning
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
Mannitol Granular
Anhui Haibei
Mannito
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
D-Mannitol
Cargill, Inc.
Mannidex® mannitol
Flavor: characteristic
Mannitol polyol sugar substitutes have very low hygroscopicity, provides bulk, texture and preservative benefits of sucrose in sugar-free and calorie-reduced products. Mannitol is suitable for dental health, weight management and sugar avoiders. Mannitol also has a cooling effect in the mouth.
Charkit Chemical
MANNITOL ACS
ECSA Chemicals
Mannitol
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
D(-)-Mannitol
Farbest-Tallman Foods
Mannitol
Foodchem International
Mannitol
George Uhe Company
D-Mannitol
Kao Corporation
MANNITOL KAO (JP GRADE)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sweetener: Masking agent for medicines giving cool and fresh sweetness, low calorie content sweetener.
Kraft Chemical
Mannitol
O'Laughlin Industries
MANNITOL
Penta International
MANNITOL GRANULAR USP, Kosher
Penta International
MANNITOL POWDER USP
Prinova
Mannitol
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Mannitol Powder
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
D(-)Mannitol ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
D-Mannitol meets EP, FCC, USP testing specifications
Sinofi Ingredients
Mannitol
Flavor: characteristic
Sugar Substitutes, Chewing Gum, Confections, Spirit Drinks, Dried Fruit and Vegetables, Alcoholic Beverages, Texturizer, Humectant, Flavoring Agent, Lubricant, Release Agent, Bulking Agent, Anticaking Agent, Firming Agent.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
D-Mannitol >99.0%(T)
The Ingredient House
RightSweet Mannitol
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  13500 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 32, Pg. 1367, 1981.

intravenous-rat LD50  9690 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 32, Pg. 1367, 1981.

oral-mouse LD50  22000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM SMALL INTESTINE
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 40, Pg. 160, 1967.

intravenous-mouse LD50  7470 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 32, Pg. 1367, 1981.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  14000 mg/kg
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 35, Pg. 98, 1936.

intravenous-man TDLo  17143 mg/kg/2D
VASCULAR: BP ELEVATION NOT CHARACTERIZED IN AUTONOMIC SECTION GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: "CHANGES IN TUBULES (INCLUDING ACUTE RENAL FAILURE, ACUTE TUBULAR NECROSIS)"
Archives of Internal Medicine. Vol. 144, Pg. 2053, 1984.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: sweeteners, humectants, texturizers, stabilizers, bulking agents
Recommendation for dextro-mannitol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for dextro-mannitol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 69-65-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 6251
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 (2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
Chemidplus: 0000069658
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: OP2060000 for cas# 69-65-8
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 69-65-8
Pubchem (cid): 6251
Pubchem (sid): 134971672
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00392
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00765
FooDB: FDB001982
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00830
Export Tariff Code: 2905.43.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 binder in adhesives 
 flavoring enhancer 
 humectants 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 anise root
Search Trop  Picture
 barley root
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel root
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway
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 celery leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 celery plant
Search Trop  Picture
 celery root
Search Trop  Picture
 celery shoot
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 celery stem
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion root
Search Trop  Picture
 leek wild leek plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lettuce plant
Search Trop  Picture
 not found in nature
 olive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate root
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate seed
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 pomegranate stem
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate stem bark
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate twig
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 cordycepic acid
 cosmospheres GYAM-M
 diosmol
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexan-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanehexol
 invenex
 isotol
 maniton S
 maniton-s
 manna sugar
 mannazucker
 mannidex
 mannigen
 mannisol
 mannistol
 mannit
D-mannit
 mannit p
D-mannitol
D(-)-mannitol
 mannitol granular USP
 mannitol powder USP
 mannogem 2080
 marine crystal
 mushroom sugar
 osmitrol
 osmofundin
 osmosal
 resectisol
 rightsweet mannitol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Construction of an efficient Escherichia coli whole-cell biocatalyst for d-mannitol production.
PubMed: [Determination of alditols in foods by ion chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Solution behaviour and sweetness response of D-Mannitol at different temperatures.
PubMed: [Production of D-mannitol by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli].
PubMed: [Determination of alditols in wine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after acetate derivatization].
PubMed: Characterization of plant-derived lactococci on the basis of their volatile compounds profile when grown in milk.
PubMed: Engineering of photosynthetic mannitol biosynthesis from CO2 in a cyanobacterium.
PubMed: [Method of quantitative analysis by HPLC and confirmation by LC-MS of sugar alcohols in foods].
PubMed: Differential trafficking of saccharidic probes following aspirin in clinical tests of intestinal permeability in young healthy women.
PubMed: Signaling specificity provided by the Arabidopsis thaliana heterotrimeric G-protein ╬│ subunits AGG1 and AGG2 is partially but not exclusively provided through transcriptional regulation.
PubMed: Enhancing the sensitivity of the comet assay as a genotoxicity test, by combining it with bacterial repair enzyme FPG.
PubMed: Production of the ╬▒-glycosidase inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin from Bacillus species.
PubMed: Soy-derived di- and tripeptides alleviate colon and ileum inflammation in pigs with dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis.
PubMed: An international validation study of a Bhas 42 cell transformation assay for the prediction of chemical carcinogenicity.
PubMed: Risperidone solid dispersion for orally disintegrating tablet: its formulation design and non-destructive methods of evaluation.
PubMed: Structural characterization of laminaran and galactofucan extracted from the brown seaweed Saccharina longicruris.
PubMed: Effect of D-mannitol on feed digestion and cecotrophic system in rabbits.
PubMed: Correlation of mannitol fermentation with virulence-associated genotypic characteristics in Vibrio vulnificus isolates from oysters and water samples in the Gulf of Mexico.
PubMed: l-Tryptophan exhibits therapeutic function in a porcine model of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis.
PubMed: Syntheses of dopa glycosides using glucosidases.
PubMed: Inhibitory action of palatinose and its hydrogenated derivatives on the hydrolysis of alpha-glucosylsaccharides in the small intestine.
PubMed: Lactobacillus ghanensis sp. nov., a motile lactic acid bacterium isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations.
PubMed: Generation of antibodies specific to D-mannitol, a unique haptenic allergen, using reductively aminated D-mannose-bovine serum albumin conjugate as the immunogen.
PubMed: Amyloglucosidase-catalyzed synthesis of eugenyl and curcuminyl glycosides.
PubMed: [Isolation and identification of a bacterial strain JS018 capable of degrading several kinds of organophosphate pesticides].
PubMed: Glycosides and amino acyl esters of carbohydrates as potent inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of Myristica malabarica extracts and their constituents.
PubMed: Embryotoxic effects of CKD-602, a new camptothecin anticancer agent, in rats.
PubMed: Inhibitors of carbohydrate metabolism reduce undirected song production at doses that do not alter food intake in singly housed male zebra finches.
PubMed: Anaphylaxis to excipient mannitol: evidence for an immunoglobulin E-mediated mechanism.
PubMed: Evaluation of the Xpa-deficient transgenic mouse model for short-term carcinogenicity testing: 9-month studies with haloperidol, reserpine, phenacetin, and D-mannitol.
PubMed: Etomoxir, a fatty acid oxidation inhibitor, increases food intake and reduces hepatic energy status in rats.
PubMed: Scale-up of a new bacterial mannitol production process.
PubMed: Staphylococcus equorum subsp. linens, subsp. nov., a starter culture component for surface ripened semi-hard cheeses.
PubMed: Inhibition of diphenolase activity of tyrosinase by vitamin b(6) compounds.
PubMed: Age- and diet-related increase in transepithelial colon permeability of Fischer 344 rats.
PubMed: Examining the relative timing of hydrogen abstraction steps during NAD(+)-dependent oxidation of secondary alcohols catalyzed by long-chain D-mannitol dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas fluorescens using pH and kinetic isotope effects.
PubMed: Interactions of dietary fat and 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol on energy metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes.
PubMed: High-fat diet prevents eating response and attenuates liver ATP decline in rats given 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol.
PubMed: Hydrogenation of fructose on Ru/C catalysts.
PubMed: Determination of sugar alcohols in confectioneries by high-performance liquid chromatography after nitrobenzoylation.
PubMed: Differentiation of Tetragenococcus populations occurring in products and manufacturing processes of puffer fish ovaries fermented with rice-bran.
PubMed: Metabolic inhibitors synergistically decrease hepatic energy status and increase food intake.
PubMed: Kinetic study of the catalytic mechanism of mannitol dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas fluorescens.
PubMed: Liquid chromatographic determination of sugar alcohols in beverages and foods after nitrobenzoylation.
PubMed: Neural substrate for an integrated metabolic control of feeding behavior.
PubMed: Brain fos-like immunoreactivity in chronic decerebrate and neurologically intact rats given 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol.
PubMed: Metabolic inhibition increases feeding and brain Fos-like immunoreactivity as a function of diet.
PubMed: Hyperpolarization of the rat hepatocyte membrane by 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol in vivo.
PubMed: Temporal relationships between eating behavior and liver adenine nucleotides in rats treated with 2,5-AM.
PubMed: 2,5-Anhydro-D-mannitol induces Fos-like immunoreactivity in hindbrain and forebrain: relationship to eating behavior.
PubMed: Effects of the fructose analog, 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol, on food intake and estrous cyclicity in Syrian hamsters.
PubMed: Hyperpolarization of hepatocytes by 2,5-AM: implications for hepatic control of food intake.
PubMed: Intraportal infusion of 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol increases afferent activity in the common hepatic vagus branch.
PubMed: Glucoprivation attenuates the hypophagia induced by epinephrine in mice.
PubMed: Influnce of oat saponins on intestinal permeability in vitro and in vivo in the rat.
PubMed: Fatty acid oxidation modulates the eating response to the fructose analogue 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol.
PubMed: A comparison of the effects of food deprivation and 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol on metabolism and ingestion.
PubMed: Regulation of food intake by metabolic fuels in white-crowned sparrows.
PubMed: Whole body energy expenditure and fuel oxidation after 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol administration.
PubMed: L-ethionine, an amino acid analogue, stimulates eating in rats.
PubMed: Phosphate loading prevents the decrease in ATP and increase in food intake produced by 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol.
PubMed: Induction of Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-li) and stimulation of feeding by 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol (2,5-AM) require the vagus nerve.
PubMed: Increased feeding after treatment with fructose, but not glucose, antimetabolites in rats with dopamine-depleting brain lesions.
PubMed: Insulin and IGE-1 receptors in a human intestinal adenocarcinoma cell line (CACO-2): regulation of Na+ glucose transport across the brush border.
PubMed: Feeding modulation by pentose and hexose analogues.
PubMed: 2,5-Anhydro-D-mannitol: its unique central action on food intake and blood glucose in rats.
PubMed: 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol acts in liver to initiate feeding.
PubMed: Acetaldehyde stimulation of net gluconeogenic carbon movement from applied malic Acid in tomato fruit pericarp tissue.
PubMed: DNA damage by smoke: protection by turmeric and other inhibitors of ROS.
PubMed: Plasma osmolality predicts extracellular fluid catechol concentrations in the lateral hypothalamus.
PubMed: A selective and diagnostic medium for use in the enumeration of Listeria spp. in foods.
PubMed: 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol: a fructose analogue that increases food intake in rats.
PubMed: Fasting and refeeding modulate neutral amino acid transport activity in the basolateral membrane of the rat exocrine pancreatic epithelium: fasting-induced insulin insensitivity.
PubMed: No evidence of carcinogenicity of D-mannitol and propyl gallate in F344 rats or B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed: Vibrio furnissii (formerly aerogenic biogroup of Vibrio fluvialis), a new species isolated from human feces and the environment.
PubMed: Bioavailability of glucose from Palatinit.
PubMed: Absence of carcinogenic response in F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice given D-mannitol in the diet for two years.
PubMed: Carcinogenesis Bioassay of D-Mannitol (CAS No. 69-65-8) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Feed Study).
PubMed: Atypical biogroups of Escherichia coli found in clinical specimens and description of Escherichia hermannii sp. nov.
PubMed: Detection and growth of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in soft ripened cheese.
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