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dimethyl carbonate
carbonic acid, dimethyl ester

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Name:dimethyl carbonate
CAS Number: 616-38-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:210-478-4
FDA UNII: KE9J097SPN
Nikkaji Web:J7.032G
Beilstein Number:0635821
MDL:MFCD00008420
CoE Number:2301
XlogP3-AA:0.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:90.07842000
Formula:C3 H6 O3
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:cosmetic agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.06360 @ 25.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.36870 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 3.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 90.00 to 91.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:55.364000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 65.00 °F. TCC ( 18.30 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 0.070 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water, 7.859e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: fragrance
propellants
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Achiewell
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Carbonate
Connect Chemicals
Dimethylcarbonate (DMC)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) is used in chemical synthesis as methylating, carbonylating, methoxylating and metholating agent. DMC can be used as VOC exempt solvent in many paints and coatings. It is a fast evaporating polar solvent and can replace esters, glycol ethers and ketones (like methyl ethyl ketone, MEK) in formulations. DMC is also used in the replacement of phosgene, dimethyl sulphate and methyl chloroformate.
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Carbonate
Kowa Amerian Corporation
DMC
Odor: characteristic
Use: Dimethyl Carbonate can be used as VOC exempt solvent in many paints and coatings. It is a fast evaporating polar solvent and can replace esters, glycol ethers and ketones in formulations. DMC can be used as a methylating and carbonylating reagent in organic synthesis. Because of its high oxygen content, it can be used as a fuel additive.
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Carbonate
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Carbonate anhydrous, ≥99%
Silver Fern Chemical
Dimethyl Carbonate
Odor: characteristic
Use: DMC has been proven effective in replacing esters, glycol ethers and ketones in many formulations.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Carbonate >98.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 13000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 361, 1979.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 1600 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 361, 1979.

oral-mouse LD50 6000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 361, 1979.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 800 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 361, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 361, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category:
cosmetic agents
Recommendation for dimethyl carbonate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for dimethyl carbonate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC, E 242) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

Safety assessment of the substance dimethyl carbonate for use in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):616-38-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :12021
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
dimethyl carbonate
Chemidplus:0000616386
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:616-38-6
 
References:
 dimethyl carbonate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:616-38-6
Pubchem (cid):12021
Pubchem (sid):134977867
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB29580
FooDB:FDB000737
Export Tariff Code:2918.99.5000
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grade: technical
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 carbonic acid dimethyl ester
 carbonic acid, dimethyl ester
 
 
Notes:
Used for cold sterilisation of beverages. Effective against typical beverage-spoiling microorganisms, like yeasts and fermentative bacteria Dimethyl carbonate, often abbreviated DMC, is a flammable clear liquid boiling at 90 C. It has recently found use as a methylating reagent. Its main benefit over other methylating reagents such as iodomethane and dimethyl sulfate is its lesser toxicity and its biodegradability. Also, it is now prepared from catalytic oxidative carbonylation of methanol with carbon monoxide and oxygen, instead of from phosgene making its production non-toxic and environmentally friendly. This allows dimethyl carbonate to be considered a green reagent.
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