EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

dimethyl phthalate
phthalic acid, dimethyl ester

Supplier Sponsors

Name:dimethyl benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate
CAS Number: 131-11-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-011-6
Nikkaji Web:J5.557C
Beilstein Number:1911460
XlogP3:1.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:194.18650000
Formula:C10 H10 O4
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:solvents/deluents for cosmetic and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless oily liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.19000 to 1.19400 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 9.902 to 9.935
Refractive Index:1.51200 to 1.51400 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 2.00 to 6.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 282.00 to 284.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.003080 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 283.00 °F. TCC ( 139.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.600
Soluble in:
 water, 0.4 g/100 ml
 water, 2014 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 4000mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:low
Substantivity:400 hour(s) at 100.00 %
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: film formers
Allan Chemical
Dimethyl Phthalate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl phthalate
Charkit Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Phthalate from Plants ≥96%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Diethyl phthalate (DEP) and dimethyl phthalate (DMP), phthalic acid ester (PAE) plasticizers, were evaluated for developmental toxicity because of reports in the literature that some PAE were embryotoxic and teratogenic. A previous study (Singh et al., '72) suggested that an increased incidence of skeletal defects in rats might result from gestational exposure to DEP (0.6-1.9 g/kg) or DMP (0.4-1.3 g/kg), ip, on gestational days (gd) 5, 10, and 15. In the current study DEP (0, 0.25, 2.5, and 5%) or DMP (0, 0.25, 1, and 5%) in feed (approximately 0.2-4.0 g/kg/day) were supplied to timed-mated rats from gd 6 to 15. Treatment with 5% DMP resulted in increased relative maternal liver weight. Also, animals exhibited reduced body weight gain during treatment (5% DEP or DMP) and during gestation (5% DEP). Weight gain corrected for gravid uterine weight was also reduced in animals fed 5% DEP. However, high-dose treatment with either DEP or DMP resulted in changes in food and water consumption paralleling the body weight reductions, suggesting that apparent toxic effects on maternal body weight may reflect PAE/feed unpalatability. Treatment with 2.5% DEP resulted in only transient changes in body weight during early treatment. The only maternal effects at 0.25 or 1% DMP were minor changes in food and/or water consumption, and there were no effects at 0.25% DEP. Thus, the NOAELs for maternal toxicity were 1% DMP and 0.25% DEP. In contrast to the observed maternal toxicity, there was no effect of DEP or DMP treatment on any parameter of embryo/fetal development, except an increased incidence of supernumerary ribs (a variation) in the 5% DEP group. These results do not support the conclusion of other investigators that DEP and DMP are potent developmental toxicants. Rather, they suggest that the short-chain PAE are less developmentally toxic than PAE with more complex substitution groups, e.g., di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, and butyl benzyl phthalate.
Covalent Chemical
Dimethyl Phthalate
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Phthalate
Glentham Life Sciences
Dimethyl phthalate
Penta International
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Dimethyl Phthalate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Phthalate ≥98%
Dimethyl phthalate, ≥99%
Certified Food Grade Products
For experimental / research use only.
Dimethyl Phthalate >99.0%(GC)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 6800 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 24(3), Pg. 25, 1980.

oral-chicken LD50 8500 uL/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 93, Pg. 26, 1948.

oral-dog LD > 1400 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 3, Pg. 61, 1973.

oral-guinea pig LD50 2400 uL/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 93, Pg. 26, 1948.

unreported-guinea pig LD50 4800 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(7), Pg. 52, 1988.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 1380 mg/kg
International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.

oral-mouse LD50 6800 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 24(3), Pg. 25, 1980.

unreported-mouse LD50 6800 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(7), Pg. 52, 1988.

oral-rabbit LD50 4400 uL/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 93, Pg. 26, 1948.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 3375 uL/kg
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol. 61, Pg. 51, 1972.

unreported-rat LD50 9500 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(7), Pg. 52, 1988.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rat LD50 > 4800 mg/kg
"Agrochemicals Handbook," with updates, Hartley, D., and H. Kidd, eds., Nottingham, Royal Soc of Chemistry, 1983-86Vol. A154, Pg. 1983

skin-guinea pig LD50 > 10 mL/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 93, Pg. 26, 1948.

subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 6500 mg/kg
"Beitrag zur Toxikologie Technischer Weichmachungsmittel, Dissertation," Eller, H., Pharmakologischen Institut der Universitat Wurzburg, Fed. Rep. Ger., 1937Vol. -, Pg. -, 1937.

skin-rabbit LD50 > 20 mL/kg
"Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2A, Pg. 2343, 1981.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-cat LCLo 9300 mg/m3/6.5
"Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 2nd ed., Patty, F.A., ed., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1958-63Vol. 2, Pg. 1905, 1963.

Safety in Use Information:
solvents/deluents for cosmetic and fragrance agents
Recommendation for dimethyl phthalate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for dimethyl phthalate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Statement on the re-classification of some phthalates for consistency with the new SCF guidelines for food contact materials by the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):131-11-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :8554
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
dimethyl benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
 dimethyl benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:131-11-3
Pubchem (cid):8554
Pubchem (sid):134973383
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C11233
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2917.34.0150
•applied alone or incorporated into creams former •grade: technical •methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (mekp) is commercially available as a 40% to 60% solution in dimethyl phthalate (dmp).
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester
1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, 1,2-dimethyl ester
1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester
 di methyl phthalate
 dimethyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate
 dimethyl benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate
 dimethyl benzene-o-dicarboxylate
 dimethyl benzene-ortho-dicarboxylate
 dimethyl benzeneorthodicarboxylate
 dimethyl o-phthalate
 methyl 2-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoate
 palatinol M
 phthalic acid dimethyl ester
 phthalic acid methyl ester
 phthalic acid, dimethyl ester
 unimoll DM
 uniplex 110


PubMed:Phthalic acid esters in soils from vegetable greenhouses in Shandong Peninsula, East China.
J-Stage:A Novel Alkaline Esterase from Sporosarcina sp. nov. Strain eSP04 Catalyzing the Hydrolysis of a Wide Variety of Aryl-carboxylic Acid Esters
PubMed:Intake estimates of phthalate esters for South Delhi population based on exposure media assessment.
PubMed:Covalently linked plasticizers: triazole analogues of phthalate plasticizers prepared by mild copper-free “click” reactions with azide-functionalized PVC.
PubMed:Degradation of dimethyl phthalate in solutions and soil slurries by persulfate at ambient temperature.
PubMed:Improving peak shapes with counter gradients in two-dimensional high performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:A comparative study on antioxidant status combined with integrated biomarker response in Carassius auratus fish exposed to nine phthalates.
PubMed:Electrochemical degradation of the dimethyl phthalate ester on a fluoride-doped Ti/β-PbO2 anode.
PubMed:Kinetic study of the removal of dimethyl phthalate from an aqueous solution using an anion exchange resin.
PubMed:Co-metabolic biodegradation of DBP by Paenibacillus sp. S-3 and H-2.
PubMed:Occurrence and spatial distribution of microplastics in sediments from Norderney.
PubMed:[Preparation of a hydrophilic-lipophilic composite solid phase extraction material and application in food safety inspection].
PubMed:Kinetics and mechanism of (•)OH mediated degradation of dimethyl phthalate in aqueous solution: experimental and theoretical studies.
PubMed:Biodegradation of di-n-butyl phthalate by a newly isolated halotolerant Sphingobium sp.
PubMed:Burst and principal components analyses of MEA data for 16 chemicals describe at least three effects classes.
PubMed:Phthalate ester leachates in aquatic mesocosms: implications for ecotoxicity studies of endocrine disrupting compounds.
PubMed:Electrochemical preparation of polyaniline-polypyrrole solid-phase microextraction coating and its application in the GC determination of several esters.
PubMed:Distribution and sources of phthalate esters in the topsoils of Beijing, China.
PubMed:[The occurrence of plasticisers (phthalates) in communal facilities under special consideration of results from LUPE 3].
PubMed:Continental bottled water assessment by stir bar sorptive extraction followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SBSE-GC-MS/MS).
PubMed:Slow-Injection Ultrasound-Assisted Emulsification-Microextraction for Determination of Phthalate Esters in Water.
PubMed:Occurrence of phthalic acid esters in source waters: a nationwide survey in China during the period of 2009-2012.
PubMed:Identification of polymer types and additives in marine microplastic particles using pyrolysis-GC/MS and scanning electron microscopy.
PubMed:Olfactory responses of the antennal trichoid sensilla to chemical repellents in the mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus.
PubMed:[Isolation and characterization of a highly efficient BBP-degrading bacterium].
PubMed:[Degradation mechanisms of dimethyl phthalate in the UV-H2O2 system].
PubMed:Associations of phthalate concentrations in floor dust and multi-surface dust with the interior materials in Japanese dwellings.
PubMed:Theoretical investigation on the mechanisms and kinetics of OH-initiated photooxidation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) in atmosphere.
PubMed:Occurrence and fate of phthalate esters in full-scale domestic wastewater treatment plants and their impact on receiving waters along the Songhua River in China.
PubMed:Investigation on characteristics of leachate and concentrated leachate in three landfill leachate treatment plants.
PubMed:[Kinetics and influencing factors of dimethyl phthalate degradation in aqueous solution by ozonation].
PubMed:Phthalate metabolites in obese individuals undergoing weight loss: Urinary levels and estimation of the phthalates daily intake.
PubMed:The distribution of phthalate esters in indoor dust of Palermo (Italy).
PubMed:Determination of Three Phthalate Esters in Environmental Samples by Coal Cinder Extraction and Cyclodextrin Modified Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography.
PubMed:A comparative study on the impact of phthalate esters on soil microbial activity.
PubMed:[Study on removal of di-(2-ethylhcxyl) phthalate by using of small-scale biological aerated filter].
PubMed:Separation of phthalates by cyclodextrin modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography: quantitation in perfumes.
PubMed:Determination of selected phthalate esters compounds in water and sediments by capillary gas chromatography and flame ionization detector.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of four phthalate esters in water samples using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Determination of phthalates released from paper packaging materials by solid-phase extraction-high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate diesters in foods.
PubMed:Electrodeposition of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) on a stainless steel wire for solid phase microextraction and GC determination of some esters with high boiling points.
PubMed:A novel method to prepare monolithic molecular imprinted polymer fiber for solid-phase microextraction by microwave irradiation.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of trace contaminants in leachates before and after a pre-oxidation using a solar photo-Fenton reaction.
PubMed:Phthalate concentrations and dietary exposure from food purchased in New York State.
PubMed:Biomonitoring of phthalate metabolites in the Canadian population through the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2009).
PubMed:Sonophotolytic degradation of dimethyl phthalate without catalyst: analysis of the synergistic effect and modeling.
PubMed:Identifying sources of phthalate exposure with human biomonitoring: results of a 48h fasting study with urine collection and personal activity patterns.
PubMed:Enhancement of photocatalytic degradation of dimethyl phthalate with nano-TiO2 immobilized onto hydrophobic layered double hydroxides: a mechanism study.
PubMed:Classification of smokeless powders using laser electrospray mass spectrometry and offline multivariate statistical analysis.
PubMed:A systematic study of the degradation of dimethyl phthalate using a high-frequency ultrasonic process.
PubMed:Biodegradation of di-n-butyl phthalate by a stable bacterial consortium, HD-1, enriched from activated sludge.
PubMed:Magnetic stirring-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by high performance liquid chromatography for determination of phthalate esters in drinking and environmental water samples.
PubMed:Transfer of eight phthalates through the milk chain--a case study.
PubMed:Effect of cooking at home on the levels of eight phthalates in foods.
PubMed:Novel heterostructured Bi2S3/BiOI photocatalyst: facile preparation, characterization and visible light photocatalytic performance.
PubMed:Phthalates dietary exposure and food sources for Belgian preschool children and adults.
PubMed:Enhanced decomposition of dimethyl phthalate via molecular oxygen activated by Fe@Fe2O3/AC under microwave irradiation.
PubMed:Compound-specific isotope analysis for aerobic biodegradation of phthalate acid esters.
PubMed:Occurrence and profiles of phthalates in foodstuffs from China and their implications for human exposure.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of molecularly imprinted polymer for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate: application to sample clean-up prior to gas chromatographic determination.
PubMed:[Determination of 23 phthalate esters in food by solid-phase extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Phthalates in Belgian cow's milk and the role of feed and other contamination pathways at farm level.
PubMed:Comparison of different wastewater treatments for removal of selected endocrine-disruptors from paper mill wastewaters.
PubMed:Assesment of dimethyl phthalate removal from aqueous phase using barium hexaferrite containing magnetic beads.
PubMed:Air-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction method as a novel microextraction technique; application in extraction and preconcentration of phthalate esters in aqueous sample followed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection.
PubMed:Analysis of phthalates in food products and packaging materials sold on the Belgian market.
PubMed:Removal of phthalate esters from water using immobilized lipase on chitosan beads.
PubMed:Preparation and evaluation of thermally stable nano-structured self-doped polythiophene coating for analysis of phthalate ester trace levels.
PubMed:Tropicibacter phthalicus sp. nov., a phthalate-degrading bacterium from seawater.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate esters in cow milk samples using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography followed by flame ionization and mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed:Toxic organic micro-pollutants removal mechanisms in long-term operated membrane bioreactor treating municipal solid waste leachate.
PubMed:Degradation of Phthalate Esters by Fusarium sp. DMT-5-3 and Trichosporon sp. DMI-5-1 Isolated from Mangrove Sediments.
PubMed:Distributions of phthalic esters carried by total suspended particulates in Nanjing, China.
PubMed:Impact of irreversible sorption of phthalate acid esters on their sediment quality criteria.
PubMed:Determination of dimethyl phthalate in environment water samples by a highly sensitive indirect competitive ELISA.
PubMed:Influences of DMP on the fertilization process and subsequent embryogenesis of abalone (Haliotis diversicolor supertexta) by gametes exposure.
PubMed:Metabolic responses of Eisenia fetida after sub-lethal exposure to organic contaminants with different toxic modes of action.
PubMed:Phthalates residues in plastic bottled waters.
PubMed:Study on the interaction of phthalate esters to human serum albumin by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy.
PubMed:Use of genomic data in risk assessment case study: II. Evaluation of the dibutyl phthalate toxicogenomic data set.
PubMed:Efficient mineralization of dimethyl phthalate by catalytic ozonation using TiO2/Al2O3 catalyst.
PubMed:Comparison of initial hydrolysis of the three dimethyl phthalate esters (DMPEs) by a basidiomycetous yeast, Trichosporon DMI-5-1, from coastal sediment.
PubMed:Comparison of nonideal sorption formulations in modeling the transport of phthalate esters through packed soil columns.
PubMed:Migration of plasticizers phthalates, bisphenol A and alkylphenols from plastic containers and evaluation of risk.
PubMed:Photocatalytic ozonation of dimethyl phthalate with TiO2 prepared by a hydrothermal method.
PubMed:Preparation of polypyrrole-coated magnetic particles for micro solid-phase extraction of phthalates in water by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis.
PubMed:Phthalates in cosmetic and personal care products: concentrations and possible dermal exposure.
PubMed:Effects of aging and mixed nonaqueous-phase liquid sources in soil systems on earthworm bioaccumulation, microbial degradation, sequestration, and aqueous desorption of pyrene.
PubMed:A survey of phthalate esters in consumer cosmetic products.
PubMed:Efficient microwave-assisted photocatalytic degradation of endocrine disruptor dimethyl phthalate over composite catalyst ZrO(x)/ZnO.
PubMed:Direct LC-ES-MS/MS determination of phthalates in physiological saline solutions.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate esters in soil by microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography coupled with accelerated solvent extraction.
PubMed:Use of external metabolizing systems when testing for endocrine disruption in the T-screen assay.
PubMed:[Degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) in aqueous solution by UV/Si-FeOOH/H2O2].
PubMed:Application of the UV-C photo-assisted peroxymonosulfate oxidation for the mineralization of dimethyl phthalate in aqueous solutions.
PubMed:Some flame retardants and the antimicrobials triclosan and triclocarban enhance the androgenic activity in vitro.
PubMed:Alkylphenols and phthalates in bottled waters.
PubMed:Poly(methacrylic acid-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) monolith microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography for the determination of phthalate esters in cosmetics.
PubMed:Adsorption of dialkyl phthalate esters on carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate esters in soil samples by microwave assisted extraction and high performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Comparative electrochemical degradation of phthalic acid esters using boron-doped diamond and Pt anodes.
PubMed:Aromatic substitution reactions between ionized benzene derivatives and neutral methyl isocyanide.
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of dimethyl phthalate treated wristbands against three predominant mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) vectors of disease.
PubMed:[Irreversible sorption of phthalate acid esters to river sediments].
PubMed:Development and application of a method for analysis of phthalates in ham sausages by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of phthalates and adipates in human serum using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with solid-phase extraction.
PubMed:Simulated sunlight photodegradation of aqueous phthalate esters catalyzed by the polyoxotungstate/titania nanocomposite.
PubMed:A new approach to catalytic degradation of dimethyl phthalate by a macroporous OH-type strongly basic anion exchange resin.
PubMed:Flame ionization gas chromatographic determination of phthalate esters in water, surface sediments and fish species in the Ogun river catchments, Ketu, Lagos, Nigeria.
PubMed:Comparison of the short term toxicity of phthalate diesters and monoesters in sprague-dawley male rats.
PubMed:Development of a zebrafish embryo teratogenicity assay and quantitative prediction model.
PubMed:Development of a personal dual-phase air sampling method for phthalate diesters.
PubMed:Occurrence of phthalates in surface runoff, untreated and treated wastewater and fate during wastewater treatment.
PubMed:Competitive adsorption of a phthalate esters mixture by chitosan bead and alpha-cyclodextrin-linked chitosan bead.
PubMed:Comparative toxicological evaluation of phthalate diesters and metabolites in Sprague-Dawley male rats for risk assessment.
PubMed:Phthalates determination in pharmaceutical formulae used in parenteral nutrition by LC-ES-MS: importance in public health.
PubMed:Electrochemical incineration of dimethyl phthalate by anodic oxidation with boron-doped diamond electrode.
PubMed:Determination of phthalates in fruit jellies by dispersive SPE coupled with HPLC-MS.
PubMed:[Experimental study on removal of micro-organic pollutants for special ecosystem using ecological embankments].
PubMed:[Aerobic granulation for dimethyl phthalate biodegradation in a sequencing batch reactor].
PubMed:[Ru/AC catalyzed ozonation of recalcitrant organic compounds].
PubMed:Genetic diversity of phthalic acid esters-degrading bacteria isolated from different geographical regions of China.
PubMed:[Determination of trace phthalates in beer by gas chromatography coupled with solid-phase microextraction using a calix[6] arene fiber].
PubMed:Removal of endocrine disrupting chemicals from aqueous phase using spherical microporous carbon prepared from waste polymeric exchanger.
PubMed:Determination of phthalates in raw bovine milk by gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC/TOF-MS) and dietary intakes.
PubMed:Photocatalytic degradation of dimethyl phthalate in an aqueous solution with Pt-doped TiO2-coated magnetic PMMA microspheres.
PubMed:Concurrent degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) during production of Bacillus thuringiensis based biopesticides.
PubMed:Treatment of phthalic acid esters by electrocoagulation with stainless steel electrodes using dimethyl phthalate as a model compound.
PubMed:Comparison on the removal of phthalic acid diesters in a bioreactor landfill and a conventional landfill.
PubMed:A critical analysis of the biological impacts of plasticizers on wildlife.
PubMed:Ferrate(VI) enhanced photocatalytic oxidation of pollutants in aqueous TiO2 suspensions.
PubMed:Catalytic ozonation of dimethyl phthalate over cerium supported on activated carbon.
PubMed:Seasonal distribution of phthalate esters in surface water of the urban lakes in the subtropical city, Guangzhou, China.
PubMed:H2O2/UV-C oxidation of potential endocrine disrupting compounds: a case study with dimethyl phthalate.
PubMed:Combinatorial screening of polymeric sensing materials using RFID sensors: combined effects of plasticizers and temperature.
PubMed:Determination of endocrine disrupting compounds using temperature-dependent inclusion chromatography: I. Optimization of separation protocol.
PubMed:Degradability of the three dimethyl phthalate isomer esters (DMPEs) by a Fusarium species isolated from mangrove sediment.
PubMed:Biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate and di-n-butyl phthalate by Rhodococcus sp. L4 isolated from activated sludge.
PubMed:Distribution of phthalate esters in soil of e-waste recycling sites from Taizhou city in China.
PubMed:Kinetic evaluation and process performance of a fixed film bioreactor removing phthalic acid and dimethyl phthalate.
PubMed:Comparison of aromatic and alkyl micelles for the electrokinetic determination of phthalates in virgin olive oil.
PubMed:Catalytic ozonation of dimethyl phthalate and chlorination disinfection by-product precursors over Ru/AC.
PubMed:Microbial characterization and quantification of an anaerobic sludge degrading dimethyl phthalate.
PubMed:[Determine and parallel analysis of three kinds of PAEs in serum for obese children].
PubMed:Phthalate removal throughout wastewater treatment plant: case study of Marne Aval station (France).
PubMed:Toxicity of seven phthalate esters to embryonic development of the abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta.
PubMed:Distribution of phthalate esters in urban soils of subtropical city, Guangzhou, China.
PubMed:Urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations among workers in selected industries: a pilot biomonitoring study.
PubMed:DMAP as an effective catalyst to accelerate the solubilization of waste fiber-reinforced plastics.
PubMed:Activated sludge-mediated biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate under fermentative conditions.
PubMed:Biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Sphingomonas sp. isolated from phthalic-acid-degrading aerobic granules.
PubMed:[Application of single drop microextraction in the determination of phthalate esters and parabens in drugs by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Occurrence of phthalates in sediment and biota: relationship to aquatic factors and the biota-sediment accumulation factor.
PubMed:Screening method for phthalate esters in water using liquid-phase microextraction based on the solidification of a floating organic microdrop combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Degradation of dimethyl carboxylic phthalate ester by Burkholderia cepacia DA2 isolated from marine sediment of South China Sea.
PubMed:Oxidative degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) by UV/H(2)O(2) process.
PubMed:Atmospheric distribution of particulate- and gas-phase phthalic esters (PAEs) in a Metropolitan City, Nanjing, East China.
PubMed:Assessment of chemical effects on neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells using high content screening.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate esters in cosmetics by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection and mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed:An assessment of the levels of phthalate esters and metals in the Muledane open dump, Thohoyandou, Limpopo Province, South Africa.
PubMed:A novel liquid-phase microextraction method combined with high performance liquid chromatography for analysis of phthalate esters in landfill leachates.
PubMed:Biodegradation of endocrine-disrupting phthalates by Pleurotus ostreatus.
PubMed:Combined photolysis and catalytic ozonation of dimethyl phthalate in a high-gravity rotating packed bed.
PubMed:Evaluation of municipal sewage treatment systems for pollutant removal efficiency by measuring levels of micropollutants.
PubMed:Thermoreversible gelation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) in phthalates: the influence of aliphatic chain length of solvents.
PubMed:Assessing human exposure to phthalic acid and phthalate esters from mineral water stored in polyethylene terephthalate and glass bottles.
PubMed:Reaction pathways of dimethyl phthalate degradation in TiO2-UV-O2 and TiO2-UV-Fe(VI) systems.
PubMed:[Removal of PAEs by combined activated carbon-Fenton process].
PubMed:Decomposition of dimethyl phthalate in an aqueous solution by ozonation with high silica zeolites and UV radiation.
PubMed:Evaluation of the bio-efficacy of three brands of repellents against wild populations of anthropophilic mosquitoes.
PubMed:Application of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of three phthalate esters in water samples.
PubMed:Investigation of feasibility of bamboo charcoal as solid-phase extraction adsorbent for the enrichment and determination of four phthalate esters in environmental water samples.
PubMed:The association between phthalates in dust and allergic diseases among Bulgarian children.
PubMed:Gene expression in the regulation of carotene biosynthesis in Phycomyces.
PubMed:N-acetylcysteine and hemodialysis treatment of a severe case of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide intoxication.
PubMed:[Distribution of phthalic acid esters in agricultural soils in typical regions of Guangdong Province].
PubMed:Application of the Polanyi potential theory to phthalates adsorption from aqueous solution with hyper-cross-linked polymer resins.
PubMed:Determination of phthalates and adipate in bottled water by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Stir bar sorptive extraction coupled to thermodesorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of insect repelling substances in water samples.
PubMed:Anoxic biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) by activated sludge cultures under nitrate-reducing conditions.
PubMed:Molecular motion of a nickel-bis(dithiolato) complex in solution.
PubMed:Aqueous oxidation of dimethyl phthalate in a Fe(VI)-TiO(2)-UV reaction system.
PubMed:[Matrix solid-phase dispersion and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for the determination of phthalic acid esters in vegetables].
PubMed:Development of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as a simple, rapid and highly sensitive method for the determination of phthalate esters in water samples.
PubMed:Mean centering of ratio spectra as a new method for determination of rate constants of consecutive reactions.
PubMed:Quantitative and qualitative determination of dimethyl phthalate and N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide in repellents commercial formulations by high performance thin layer chromatography.
PubMed:[Breakthrough characteristics of dimethyl phthalate in granular activated carbon].
PubMed:Occurrence and air-sea exchange of phthalates in the Arctic.
PubMed:Quantitative identification of unknown exposure pathways of phthalates based on measuring their metabolites in human urine.
PubMed:Laboratory determination of protection time in four chemical repellents against Anopheles stephensi.
PubMed:Dynamic liquid-phase microextraction of three phthalate esters from water samples and determination by gas chromatography.
PubMed:A novel electro-fenton process for water treatment: reaction-controlled pH adjustment and performance assessment.
PubMed:Anaerobic degradation of dimethyl phthalate in wastewater in a UASB reactor.
PubMed:Environmental fate of endocrine-disrupting dimethyl phthalate esters (DMPE) under sulfate-reducing condition.
PubMed:Continuous full filling capillary electrochromatography: nanoparticle synthesis and evaluation.
PubMed:Assessment on the removal of dimethyl phthalate from aqueous phase using a hydrophilic hyper-cross-linked polymer resin NDA-702.
PubMed:[Application of single drop microextraction in the determination of phthalate esters in food by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of dimethyl phthalate against Anopheles stephensi and Culex pipiens.
PubMed:[Effects of organic pollutants in drinking water on the removal of dimethyl phthalate by advanced oxidation processes].
PubMed:[Separation of phthalates in non-aqueous micelle using capillary electrokinetic chromatography].
PubMed:Complete degradation of dimethyl isophthalate requires the biochemical cooperation between Klebsiella oxytoca Sc and Methylobacterium mesophilicum Sr Isolated from Wetland sediment.
PubMed:Degradation of phthalate esters in an activated sludge wastewater treatment plant.
PubMed:Enhanced degradation and toxicity reduction of dihexyl phthalate by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. pisi cutinase.
PubMed:[Determination of phthalic acid esters in textiles by solid phase extraction-gas chromatography].
PubMed:Yacht-maker's lung: A case of hypersensitivity pneumonitis in yacht manufacturing.
PubMed:Distribution of PAEs in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, China.
PubMed:Denitrifying degradation of dimethyl phthalate.
PubMed:Determination of phthalate esters from food-contacted materials by on-line microdialysis and liquid chromatography.
PubMed:[Analysis of phthalates in plastic food-packaging bags by thin layer chromatography].
PubMed:Considerations on ultra-trace analysis of phthalates in drinking water.
PubMed:Catalytic activity of Ru/Al2O3 for ozonation of dimethyl phthalate in aqueous solution.
PubMed:Sorption of phthalate esters and PCBs in a marine ecosystem.
PubMed:Analysis of consumer cosmetic products for phthalate esters.
PubMed:Analysis of ingested material and urine by GC-MS and 1H NMR spectroscopy: poisoning of an adult with adulterated soda.
PubMed:[Catalytic oxidation of dimethyl phthalate in aqueous solution by aluminum oxide].
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of the fatty components of pollen Typhae before and after being carbonized].
PubMed:Aerobic degradation of diethyl phthalate by Sphingomonas sp.
PubMed:New Mutants of Phycomyces blakesleeanus for (beta)-Carotene Production.
PubMed:Human exposure to phthalates via consumer products.
PubMed:Biochemical pathway and degradation of phthalate ester isomers by bacteria.
PubMed:Separation and determination of phthalates by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of the transformation of phthalate esters in a series of stoichiometric reactions in anaerobic wastes.
PubMed:Bioavailability of phthalate congeners to earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in artificially contaminated soils.
PubMed:Adsorption of phthalic acid and its esters onto high-area activated carbon-cloth studied by in situ UV-spectroscopy.
PubMed:Multivariate optimization of a solid-phase microextraction method for the analysis of phthalate esters in environmental waters.
PubMed:[Preparation and evaluation of 2,6-di-O-pentyl-beta-cyclodextrin bonded silica stationary phase for high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:[Determination of thiodicarb by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Gene expression profiling following in utero exposure to phthalate esters reveals new gene targets in the etiology of testicular dysgenesis.
PubMed:[Analysis of the phthalates in cosmetics by capillary gas chromatography].
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of nitrophenol isomers by gas chromatography with dimethyl phthalate as internal standard].
PubMed:Thermodynamics of complexation of dimethyl esters of tere-, iso-, and phthalic acids with alpha- and beta-cyclodextrins.
PubMed:New methodology for the determination of phthalate esters, bisphenol A, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether, and nonylphenol in commercial whole milk samples.
PubMed:Discriminative power of an assay for automated in vitro screening of teratogens.
PubMed:Environmental remediation by an integrated microwave/UV illumination technique. 8. Fate of carboxylic acids, aldehydes, alkoxycarbonyl and phenolic substrates in a microwave radiation field in the presence of TiO2 particles under UV irradiation.
PubMed:Distribution of phthalate esters in a marine aquatic food web: comparison to polychlorinated biphenyls.
PubMed:Increase in biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Closterium lunula using inorganic carbon.
PubMed:Microbial degradation of the endocrine-disrupting chemicals phthalic acid and dimethyl phthalate ester under aerobic conditions.
PubMed:Monitoring the sonochemical degradation of phthalate esters in water using solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:[Removal of phthalate esters from drinking water using ozone-GAC process].
PubMed:Survey of phthalate pollution in arable soils in China.
PubMed:Dimethylphthalate hydrolysis by specific microbial esterase.
PubMed:Migration of surrogate contaminants in paper and paperboard into water through polyethylene coating layer.
PubMed:Phthalates in underground waters of the Zagreb area.
PubMed:Effect and mechanism of inorganic carbon on the biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Chlorella pyrenoidosa.
PubMed:Selection of test chemicals for the ECVAM international validation study on in vitro embryotoxicity tests. European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods.
PubMed:Phthalate esters detected in various water samples and biodegradation of the phthalates by microbes isolated from river water.
PubMed:Monitoring of phthalic acid monoesters in river water by solid-phase extraction and GC-MS determination.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction of phthalates from water.
PubMed:Degradation of dimethylphthalate by cells of Bacillus sp. immobilized in calcium alginate and polyurethane foam.
PubMed:An assessment of the toxicity of phthalate esters to freshwater benthos. 1. Aqueous exposures.
PubMed:Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide ingestion: toxicity and outcome in a 6-year-old child.
PubMed:Kinetics of phthalate reactions with ammonium hydroxide in aqueous matrix.
PubMed:Initial degradation of dimethylphthalate by esterases from Bacillus species.
PubMed:Analytical procedure for quantifying five compounds suspected as possible contaminants in recycled paper/paperboard for food packaging.
PubMed:Perinatal exposure to the phthalates DEHP, BBP, and DINP, but not DEP, DMP, or DOTP, alters sexual differentiation of the male rat.
PubMed:Field evaluation of herbal mosquito repellents.
PubMed:Biodegradation of diethyl phthalate in soil by a novel pathway.
PubMed:Chemicals in laboratory room air stimulate olfactory neurons of female Bombyx mori.
PubMed:Results of the L5178Y mouse lymphoma assay and the Balb/3t3 cell in vitro transformation assay for eight phthalate esters.
PubMed:Determination of some insect repellents in cosmetic products by high-performance thin-layer chromatography.
PubMed:Anaerobic biodegradability of phthalic acid isomers and related compounds.
PubMed:Photographic detection of fluorescent-labelled oligodeoxynucleotide in the blotting format by peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence.
PubMed:Occupational contact dermatitis caused by computer mice.
PubMed:Anaerobic degradation of xenobiotics by organisms from municipal solid waste under landfilling conditions.
PubMed:NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Diethylphthalate (CAS No. 84-66-2) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Dermal Studies) with Dermal Initiation/ Promotion Study of Diethylphthalate and Dimethylphthalate (CAS No. 131-11-3) in Male Swiss (CD-1(R)) Mice.
PubMed:Evaluation of the laboratory mouse model for screening topical mosquito repellents.
PubMed:Vehicle effects on in vitro percutaneous absorption through rat and human skin.
PubMed:Comparative repellent properties of certain chemicals against mosquitoes, house flies and cockroaches using modified techniques.
PubMed:Studies on the inheritance of repellent tolerances in Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Relative potency of DEPA as a repellent against the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi.
PubMed:Response of Anopheles dirus and Aedes albopictus to repellents in the laboratory.
PubMed:Diethylphenylacetamide: a new insect repellent against stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans.
PubMed:Developmental toxicity evaluation of diethyl and dimethyl phthalate in rats.
PubMed:Persistence of leech repellents on cloth.
PubMed:NTP technical report on the toxicity studies of Methyl Ethyl Ketone Peroxide (CAS No. 1338-23-4) in Dimethyl Phthalate (CAS No. 131-11-3) (45:55) Administered Topically in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice.
PubMed:Physiological properties of a Pseudomonas strain which grows with p-xylene in a two-phase (organic-aqueous) medium.
PubMed:Independence of the carotene and sterol pathways of Phycomyces.
PubMed:Prevention of Lyme disease.
PubMed:Implications of physico-chemical factors on the migration of phthalate esters from tubing commonly used for oral/nasal feeding.
PubMed:Comparative activity of three repellents against the ticks Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Argas persicus.
PubMed:Permethrin and dimethyl phthalate as tent fabric treatments against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Comparative sensitivity of four Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) to five repellents.
PubMed:Mutagenicity and metabolism of dimethyl phthalate and its binding to epidermal and hepatic macromolecules.
PubMed:In vitro genotoxicity of dimethyl terephthalate.
PubMed:1H NMR spin-echo spectroscopy of human erythrocytes. Transformation of exogenous compounds.
PubMed:Peripheral zonal hepatic necrosis caused by accidental ingestion of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide.
PubMed:[Studies on the efficacy of five repellents against Phlebotomus alexandri].
PubMed:Evaporation and skin penetration characteristics of mosquito repellent formulations.
PubMed:Survey of the anaerobic biodegradation potential of organic chemicals in digesting sludge.
PubMed:No embryotoxic or teratogenic effect of dimethyl phthalate in rats after epicutaneous application.
PubMed:Effects of phthalate esters on plant seedlings and reversal by a soil microorganism.
PubMed:Field trials on the relative efficacy of three repellents against Mansonia mosquitoes.
PubMed:In vitro absorption of some o-phthalate diesters through human and rat skin.
PubMed:Teratogenic evaluation of 1,1,3,3-tetrabutylurea in the rat following dermal exposure.
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of diethyl phenyl acetamide & other insect repellents against rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild).
PubMed:Isolation and identification of mosquito repellents inArtemisia vulgaris.
PubMed:Degradation of dimethylterephthalate by a Rhodococcus species.
PubMed:Activation of nonspecific lipase (EC 3.1.1.-) by bile salts.
PubMed:Cell heterogeneity in sickle cell disease: quantitation of the erythrocyte density profile.
PubMed:Field trials on the relative efficacy of five repellents against Simulium himalayense (Diptera:Simuliidae).
PubMed:[Evaluation of the cumulative properties of harmful substances by the subchronic toxicity test].
PubMed:A method to measure receptor binding of ligands with low affinity. Application to plasma proteins binding assay with hemopoietic cells.
PubMed:Developmental toxicity of nine selected compounds following prenatal exposure in the mouse: naphthalene, p-nitrophenol, sodium selenite, dimethyl phthalate, ethylenethiourea, and four glycol ether derivatives.
PubMed:Mutagenicity evaluation of phthalic acid esters and metabolites in Salmonella typhimurium cultures.
PubMed:Field evaluation of three repellents against mosquitoes, black flies & land leeches.
PubMed:[Dimethylphthalate metabolism in epidermal application of the preparation].
PubMed:Repellent tests against Leptotrombidium (Leptotrombidium) fletcheri (Acari: Trombiculidae).
PubMed:[Functioning of the systems of neuromediator inactivation in the brain terminals of rats chronically exposed to terephthalic acid and its dimethyl ester].
PubMed:[Experience with the diagnosis and treatment of scabies].
PubMed:Standard photopatch testing with Musk Ambrette.
PubMed:Overview of phthalate ester pharmacokinetics in mammalian species.
PubMed:Hepatic effects of phthalate esters.
PubMed:Mutagenic activity of phthalate esters in bacterial liquid suspension assays.
PubMed:Assessment of the mutagenicity of phthalate esters.
PubMed:Metabolism of dimethylphthalate by Micrococcus sp. strain 12B.
PubMed:Phthalate esters I: Effects on cytochrome P-450 mediated metabolism in rat liver and lung, serum enzymatic activities and serum protein levels.
PubMed:Utilization of a cell separation technique to evaluate patients with a positive direct antiglobulin test.
PubMed:Effect of phthalic acid esters on drug metabolizing enzymes.
PubMed:Bioaccumulation and metabolism of phthalate esters by oysters, brown shrimp, and sheepshead minnows.
PubMed:Polyvinyl chloride dermatitis not caused by phthalates.
PubMed:Absorption and metabolism of three phthalate diesters by the rat small intestine.
PubMed:The effects of phthalate esters on fibroblasts in primary culture.
PubMed:[Early hemodialysis in the treatment of severe poisonings with the repellents, DETA, benphthalate and dimethylphthalate].
PubMed:[Late sequelae of the use of repellents. III. A study of the mutagenic properties of dimethylphthalate and phenoxyacetic N,N-diethylamide by means of dominant lethal mutations].
PubMed:[Chrysotile fiber count in asbestos-cement board plants (author's transl)].
PubMed:The influence of phthalate esters on human plasma lecithin/cholesterol acyltransferase.
PubMed:[Cytogenetic study of the mutagenic properties of the repellents dimethyl phthalate and phenoxyacetic acid N,N-diethylamide].
PubMed:The utilization of the plasticizer dimethyl phthalate by an isolated strain of Enterobacter aerogenes.
PubMed:Diethylamide of thujic acid: a potent repellent of Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Use of repellents and attractants in filariasis control.
PubMed:[Dimethyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate as substitutes for clove oil in histological technics].
PubMed:The synthesis of C14 carbonyl labeled dimethyl phthalate.
PubMed:[Effectiveness of topical dimethyl phthalate as individual repellent of mosquitoes, gnats, and malanders].
PubMed:The control of scrub typhus in Niigata Prefecture 1949. I. Protective measure by the use of repellents (dimethyl phthalate and benzyl benzoate).
PubMed:Soap micelles that solubilize dimethyl phthalate, a liquid insoluble in water and in hydrocarbon.
PubMed:Dimethyl phthalate for the treatment of mange in rabbits caused by Notoedres cati var. cuniculi (Gerlach 1857).
PubMed:Tests against chiggers in New Guinea to develop a practical field method for impregnating uniforms with dimethyl phthalate for scrub typhus prevention.
PubMed:Emulsifiers for dimethyl phthalate; a preliminary investigation.
used as plasticizer in computer mouse.
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