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spirulina platensis powder
powder obtained from the dried ground of the alga, spirulina platensis, cyanophyceae

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Name:spirulina platensis powder
CAS Number: 223751-80-2
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Category:food additive and cosmetic agents
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GRN 417 Dried biomass of Arthrospira platensis also known as Spirulina platensis (spirulina) View - notice PDF
GRN 394 Dried biomass of Arthrospira platensis, also known as Spirulina platensis (Spirulina) View - notice PDF
GRN 391 Spirulina (Anthrospira platensis) View - notice PDF
GRN 101 Spirulina View - notice PDF
GRN 127 Spirulina, the dried biomass of Arthrospira platensis View - notice PDF
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin protecting agents
uv absorbers
American International Chemical, LLC.
Changsha Organic Herb
Spirulina Powder
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Spirulina Powder
Shaanxi Y-Herb Biotechnology
Food Grade Blue Spirulina Protein extract Phycocyanin Powder C-Phycocyanin
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
food additive and cosmetic agents
Recommendation for spirulina platensis powder usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for spirulina platensis powder flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
spirulina platensis powder
 spirulina platensis powder
Pubchem (cas):223751-80-2
Other Information:
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 spirulina platensis
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 arthrospira platensis powder
 powder obtained from the dried ground of the alga, spirulina platensis, cyanophyceae
 spirulina powder (spirulina platensis)


PubMed:Evaluation of Algal Biofilms on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) for Use in Biophotovoltaic Platforms Based on Photosynthetic Performance.
PubMed:Targeting angiogenic pathway for chemoprevention of experimental colon cancer using C-phycocyanin as cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor.
PubMed:Analysis of proteome dynamics in mice by isotopic labeling.
PubMed:Inhibitory Effects of Dietary Spirulina platensis on UVB-Induced Skin Inflammatory Responses and Carcinogenesis.
PubMed:Piroxicam and c-phycocyanin prevent colon carcinogenesis by inhibition of membrane fluidity and canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling while up-regulating ligand dependent transcription factor PPARγ
PubMed:Influence of extractive solvents on lipid and fatty acids content of edible freshwater algal and seaweed products, the green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Anti-cancer effects of blue-green alga Spirulina platensis, a natural source of bilirubin-like tetrapyrrolic compounds.
PubMed:Biotemplated fabrication of Sn@C anode materials based on the unique metal biosorption behavior of microalgae.
PubMed:Production of the α and β Subunits of Spirulina Allophycocyanin and C-Phycocyanin in Escherichia coli: A Comparative Study of Their Antioxidant Activities.
PubMed:Proteomic analysis and qRT-PCR verification of temperature response to Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis.
PubMed:Rapid mutation of Spirulina platensis by a new mutagenesis system of atmospheric and room temperature plasmas (ARTP) and generation of a mutant library with diverse phenotypes.
PubMed:Chemoprevention of rat mammary carcinogenesis by spirulina.
PubMed:In vivo estimation of pigment composition and optical absorption cross-section by spectroradiometry in four aquatic photosynthetic micro-organisms.
PubMed:Thermogravimetric and kinetic analysis of thermal decomposition characteristics of low-lipid microalgae.
PubMed:Co-liquefaction of micro- and macroalgae in subcritical water.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of spirulina platensis on carcinogen-activating cytochrome P450 isozymes and potential for drug interactions.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis and phycocyanobilin activate atheroprotective heme oxygenase-1: a possible implication for atherogenesis.
PubMed:Protective role of Spirulina platensis against acute deltamethrin-induced toxicity in rats.
PubMed:Nonhongiella spirulinensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from a cultivation pond of Spirulina platensis in Sanya, China.
PubMed:Protective effect of Spirulina platensis enriched in phenolic compounds against hepatotoxicity induced by CCl4.
PubMed:Ammonium nitrogen removal in batch cultures treating digested piggery wastewater with microalgae Oedogonium sp.
PubMed:The apoptosis pathway of photodynamic therapy using 9-HpbD-a in AMC-HN3 human head and neck cancer cell line and in vivo.
PubMed:Separation and nanoencapsulation of antitumor polypeptide from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Separation and nanoencapsulation of antitumor polypeptide from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Aliidiomarina sanyensis sp. nov., a hexabromocyclododecane assimilating bacterium from the pool of Spirulina platensis cultivation, Sanya, China.
PubMed:Engineering strategies for simultaneous enhancement of C-phycocyanin production and CO2 fixation with Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Effects of pH on chromate(VI) adsorption by Spirulina platensis biomass: batch tests and FT-IR studies.
PubMed:Biodiesel production from Vietnam heterotrophic marine microalga Schizochytrium mangrovei PQ6.
PubMed:A novel photobioreactor structure using optical fibers as inner light source to fulfill flashing light effects of microalgae.
PubMed:Modification of energy-transfer processes in the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira platensis, to adapt to light conditions, probed by time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy.
PubMed:Investigation on the role of Spirulina platensis in ameliorating behavioural changes, thyroid dysfunction and oxidative stress in offspring of pregnant rats exposed to fluoride.
PubMed:The AplI restriction-modification system in an edible cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis NIES-39, recognizes the nucleotide sequence 5'-CTGCAG-3'.
PubMed:Molecular study of dietary heptadecane for the anti-inflammatory modulation of NF-kB in the aged kidney.
PubMed:Improvement of mercuric chloride-induced testis injuries and sperm quality deteriorations by Spirulina platensis in rats.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of some novel fatty acid analogues: a preliminary investigation on their activity against human lung carcinoma cell line.
PubMed:Effects of C-phycocyanin and Spirulina on salicylate-induced tinnitus, expression of NMDA receptor and inflammatory genes.
PubMed:Evaluation of protective efficacy of Spirulina platensis in Balb/C mice with candidiasis.
PubMed:Role of cytokines and Jak3/Stat3 signaling in the 1,2-dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride-induced rat model of colon carcinogenesis: early target in the anticancer strategy.
PubMed:Kinetics of methane production from the codigestion of switchgrass and Spirulina platensis algae.
PubMed:Modeling of ion exchange expanded-bed chromatography for the purification of C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:[CO2 sequestration coupled with industrial cultivation of microalgae].
PubMed:Hydrothermal liquefaction of Spirulina and Nannochloropsis salina under subcritical and supercritical water conditions.
PubMed:Antidiabetic potential of phycocyanin: effects on KKAy mice.
PubMed:Identification of differentially expressed proteins of Arthrospira (Spirulina) plantensis-YZ under salt-stress conditions by proteomics and qRT-PCR analysis.
PubMed:Edible blue-green algae reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by inhibiting NF-κB pathway in macrophages and splenocytes.
PubMed:Stable Isolation of Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Associated with High-Pressure Extraction Process.
PubMed:Artificial neural network model for predicting production of Spirulina platensis in outdoor culture.
PubMed:[Experimental study on the therapeutic effect of C-phycocyanin against pulmonary fibrosis induced by paraquat in rats].
PubMed:Comprehensive assessment of gastric emptying with a stable isotope breath test.
PubMed:A review on biosynthesis of nanoparticles by marine organisms.
PubMed:Characteristics of the photosynthesis microbial fuel cell with a Spirulina platensis biofilm.
PubMed:Catalytic hydrothermal gasification of algae for hydrogen production: composition of reaction products and potential for nutrient recycling.
PubMed:Preventive effect of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis on alloxan-injured mice.
PubMed:Phycocyanin and phycocyanobilin from Spirulina platensis protect against diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting oxidative stress.
PubMed:Sublethal detergent concentrations increase metabolization of recalcitrant polyphosphonates by the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:C-phycocyanin modulates selenite-induced cataractogenesis in rats.
PubMed:Comparison of Spirulina platensis microalgae and commercial activated carbon as adsorbents for the removal of Reactive Red 120 dye from aqueous effluents.
PubMed:Assessing production of the ubiquitous archaeal diglycosyl tetraether lipids in marine subsurface sediment using intramolecular stable isotope probing.
PubMed:Carbon dioxide capture and nutrients removal utilizing treated sewage by concentrated microalgae cultivation in a membrane photobioreactor.
PubMed:The microalga Spirulina platensis presents anti-inflammatory action as well as hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties in diabetic rats.
PubMed:Photosynthetic efficiency and rate of CO2 assimilation by Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis continuously cultivated in a tubular photobioreactor.
PubMed:Enhanced photosynthetic output via dichroic beam-sharing.
PubMed:Microalgae growth using high-strength wastewater followed by anaerobic co-digestion.
PubMed:Application of power plant flue gas in a photobioreactor to grow Spirulina algae, and a bioactivity analysis of the algal water-soluble polysaccharides.
PubMed:Effects of phosphorus concentration and light intensity on the biomass composition of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis.
PubMed:Synthesis, antidepressant and antimicrobial activities of some novel stearic acid analogues.
PubMed:Chromium (VI) biosorption and removal of chemical oxygen demand by Spirulina platensis from wastewater-supplemented culture medium.
PubMed:Ultrasound assisted extraction of β-carotene from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:iAK692: a genome-scale metabolic model of Spirulina platensis C1.
PubMed:Uptake of uranyl ions from uranium ores and sludges by means of Spirulina platensis, Porphyridium cruentum and Nostok linckia alga.
PubMed:Spirulina and C-phycocyanin reduce cytotoxicity and inflammation-related genes expression of microglial cells.
PubMed:Alteration of the biomass composition of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis under various amounts of limited phosphorus.
PubMed:[Spectrometric characteristics and underlying mechanisms of protective effects of selenium on Spirulina platensis against oxidative stress].
PubMed:An optical-density-based feedback feeding method for ammonium concentration control in Spirulina platensis cultivation.
PubMed:Kinetics and dynamics for light state transition in cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis cells.
PubMed:PTEN regulates apoptotic cell death through PI3-K/Akt/GSK3β signaling pathway in DMH induced early colon carcinogenesis in rat.
PubMed:Comparison of the therapeutic effects of extracts from Spirulina platensis and amnion membrane on inflammation-associated corneal neovascularization.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis versus silymarin in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection. A pilot randomized, comparative clinical trial.
PubMed:Metal biosorption onto dry biomass of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Chlorella vulgaris: multi-metal systems.
PubMed:Cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis in olive-oil mill wastewater treated with sodium hypochlorite.
PubMed:Piroxicam and C-phycocyanin mediated apoptosis in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride induced colon carcinogenesis: exploring the mitochondrial pathway.
PubMed:Production of chiral alcohols from prochiral ketones by microalgal photo-biocatalytic asymmetric reduction reaction.
PubMed:Adaptation of light-harvesting systems of Arthrospira platensis to light conditions, probed by time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy.
PubMed:Synergistic enhancement of glycogen production in Arthrospira platensis by optimization of light intensity and nitrate supply.
PubMed:The effect of Spirulina platensis versus soybean on insulin resistance in HIV-infected patients: a randomized pilot study.
PubMed:Two-stage culture method for optimized polysaccharide production in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Aeration effect on Spirulina platensis growth and γ-Linolenic acid production.
PubMed:Design and optimization of photo bioreactor for O2 regulation and control by system dynamics and computer simulation.
PubMed:The hepatoprotective potential of Spirulina and vitamin C supplemention in cisplatin toxicity.
PubMed:Optimization and kinetic analysis of food dyes biosorption by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Biosorption of food dyes onto Spirulina platensis nanoparticles: equilibrium isotherm and thermodynamic analysis.
PubMed:Comparison of marine algae (Spirulina platensis) and synthetic pigment in enhancing egg yolk colour of laying hens.
PubMed:Novel substrate (algal protein) for cultivation of Rhodospirillum rubrum.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis protects neurons via suppression of glial activation and peripheral sensitization leading to restoration of motor function in collagen-induced arthritic rats.
PubMed:[Functional analysis of promoter fragments of salt-tolerance related genes in Spirulina].
PubMed:Chemoprevention of DMH-induced rat colon carcinoma initiation by combination administration of piroxicam and C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:Simultaneous use of urea and potassium nitrate for Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis cultivation.
PubMed:Kinetic and growth parameters of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis cultivated in tubular photobioreactor under different cell circulation systems.
PubMed:[Oxygen evolution characteristics of Spirulina platensis under various light conditions].
PubMed:Selenium-containing allophycocyanin purified from selenium-enriched Spirulina platensis attenuates AAPH-induced oxidative stress in human erythrocytes through inhibition of ROS generation.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of the Spirulina platensis subcellular proteome in response to low- and high-temperature stresses: uncovering cross-talk of signaling components.
PubMed:Growth and biopigment accumulation of cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis at different light intensities and temperature.
PubMed:Effect of nitrate availability on expression of multi sensor histidine kinase gene in Spirulina platensis PCC 7345.
PubMed:Spirulina prevents memory dysfunction, reduces oxidative stress damage and augments antioxidant activity in senescence-accelerated mice.
PubMed:Reflector based chlorophyll production by Spirulina platensis through energy save mode.
PubMed:Inhibitory activities of microalgal extracts against Epstein-Barr virus DNA release from lymphoblastoid cells.
PubMed:Binding characteristics of copper and cadmium by cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Production of Nα-acetylated thymosin α1 in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Influence of ammonium sulphate feeding time on fed-batch Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis cultivation and biomass composition with and without pH control.
PubMed:Orthogonal test design for optimization of suitable conditions to separate C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis by high-speed counter-current chromatography using reverse micelle solvent system.
PubMed:C-Phycocyanin: an effective protective agent against thymic atrophy by tributyltin.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo safety assessment of edible blue-green algae, Nostoc commune var. sphaeroides Kützing and Spirulina plantensis.
PubMed:Prevention of cadmium bioaccumulation by herbal adaptogens.
PubMed:CO₂ from alcoholic fermentation for continuous cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis in tubular photobioreactor using urea as nitrogen source.
PubMed:Effect of operating conditions of thermochemical liquefaction on biocrude production from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The role of rabbit meat as functional food.
PubMed:D1 protein turnover is involved in protection of Photosystem II against UV-B induced damage in the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis.
PubMed:Growth and content of spirulina platensis biomass chlorophyll cultivated at different values of light intensity and temperature using different nitrogen sources.
PubMed:Potential of Spirulina Platensis as a Nutritional Supplement in Malnourished HIV-Infected Adults in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Randomised, Single-Blind Study.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity of algae extracts on normal and malignant cells.
PubMed:Counteractive action of nitric oxide on the decrease of nitrogenase activity induced by enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in cyanobacterium.
PubMed:One-week antihypertensive effect of Ile-Gln-Pro in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:Growth of Spirulina platensis enhanced under intermittent illumination.
PubMed:Impact of ammonia concentration on Spirulina platensis growth in an airlift photobioreactor.
PubMed:Effects of light intensity and dilution rate on the semicontinuous cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis. A kinetic Monod-type approach.
PubMed:Acetate versus sulfur deprivation role in creating anaerobiosis in light for hydrogen production by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Spirulina platensis: two different organisms and two different mechanisms.
PubMed:Allelopathic effects of water hyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes].
PubMed:Evaluation of an in vitro method to estimate trace elements bioavailability in edible seaweeds.
PubMed:C-Phycocyanin inhibits MDR1 through reactive oxygen species and cyclooxygenase-2 mediated pathways in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line.
PubMed:Protective effect of aqueous extract from Spirulina platensis against cell death induced by free radicals.
PubMed:White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that had received the hot-water extract of Spirulina platensis showed earlier recovery in immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after pH stress.
PubMed:Purification, identification, and characterization of methylcobalamin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The active conformation of allophycocyanin from Spirulina platensis studied with spectroscopic analysis.
PubMed:Characterization of microalgal carotenoids by mass spectrometry and their bioavailability and antioxidant properties elucidated in rat model.
PubMed:High value pigment production from Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis cultured in seawater.
PubMed:A method for rapid isolation of total RNA of high purity and yield from Arthrospira platensis.
PubMed:A new approach to ammonium sulphate feeding for fed-batch Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis cultivation in tubular photobioreactor.
PubMed:Enhancement of natural killer cell activity in healthy subjects by Immulina®, a Spirulina extract enriched for Braun-type lipoproteins.
PubMed:Methyladeninylcobamide functions as the cofactor of methionine synthase in a Cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis NIES-39.
PubMed:Isolation of an antihypertensive peptide from alcalase digest of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Salt stress induces a decrease in excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes to photosystem II but an increase to photosystem I in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Cultivation of Spirulina platensis using pig wastewater in a semi-continuous process.
PubMed:Spirulina prevents atherosclerosis by reducing hypercholesterolemia in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet.
PubMed:Potential carbon dioxide fixation by industrially important microalgae.
PubMed:Efficacy of Rhodotorula glutinis and Spirulina platensis carotenoids in immunopotentiation of mice infected with Candida albicans SC5314 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 35.
PubMed:A comparative evaluation of microalgae for the degradation of piggery wastewater under photosynthetic oxygenation.
PubMed:Removal of estrone, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, and 17beta-estradiol in algae and duckweed-based wastewater treatment systems.
PubMed:Spirulina improves antioxidant status by reducing oxidative stress in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet.
PubMed:Genomic structure of an economically important cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis NIES-39.
PubMed:Fed-batch cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis: potassium nitrate and ammonium chloride as simultaneous nitrogen sources.
PubMed:Administration of the hot-water extract of Spirulina platensis enhanced the immune response of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and its resistance against Vibrio alginolyticus.
PubMed:Degradation of Chlorpyrifos by an alkaline phosphatase from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Protection by dietary Spirulina platensis against D-galactosamine--and acetaminophen-induced liver injuries.
PubMed:Enhanced algal CO(2) sequestration through calcite deposition by Chlorella sp. and Spirulina platensis in a mini-raceway pond.
PubMed:Alterations in beta-islets of Langerhans in alloxan-induced diabetic rats by marine Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:On the structure of the proton-binding site in the F(o) rotor of chloroplast ATP synthases.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of polysaccharide extract from Spirulina platensis on corneal neovascularization.
PubMed:High-resolution structure of the rotor ring of a proton-dependent ATP synthase.
PubMed:An eco-friendly process: predictive modelling of copper adsorption from aqueous solution on Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Subcellular proteomic characterization of the high-temperature stress response of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The detection of Hg2+ by cyanobacteria in aqueous media.
PubMed:Chemoprevention of rat liver toxicity and carcinogenesis by Spirulina.
PubMed:Modeling of chromium (VI) biosorption by immobilized Spirulina platensis in packed column.
PubMed:Alteration of the gastrointestinal microbiota of mice by edible blue-green algae.
PubMed:Photoregulation of morphological structure and its physiological relevance in the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis.
PubMed:Enhancement of antitumor natural killer cell activation by orally administered Spirulina extract in mice.
PubMed:Evaluation of protective efficacy of Spirulina platensis against collagen-induced arthritis in rats.
PubMed:Effects of biomass weight and light intensity on the performance of photosynthetic microbial fuel cells with Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Modeling of biomass production by Spirulinaplatensis as function of phosphate concentrations and pH regimes.
PubMed:Optimizing analysis of stable isotope breath tests to estimate gastric emptying of solids.
PubMed:Antiinflammatory and antihyperalgesic activity of C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:A potent anti-oxidant property: fluorescent recombinant alpha-phycocyanin of Spirulina.
PubMed:Long-term effect of Spirulina platensis extract on DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis (immunohistochemical study).
PubMed:The mobility of PSI and PQ molecules in Spirulina platensis cells during state transition.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis protects against renal injury in rats with gentamicin-induced acute tubular necrosis.
PubMed:Changes in the amount of cellular trehalose, the activity of maltooligosyl trehalose hydrolase, and the expression of its gene in response to salt stress in the cyanobacterium spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Solid-phase/supercritical-fluid extraction for liquid chromatography of phenolic compounds in freshwater microalgae and selected cyanobacterial species.
PubMed:[Spectral analyses during the isolation course of Spirulina platensis phycobilisomes using low-speed centrifugation].
PubMed:Predictive modeling of biomass production by Spirulina platensis as function of nitrate and NaCl concentrations.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis feeding inhibited the anemia- and leucopenia-induced lead and cadmium in rats.
PubMed:Biomass-modified carbon paste electrodes for monitoring dissolved metal ions.
PubMed:A new strategy for lipid production by mix cultivation of Spirulina platensis and Rhodotorula glutinis.
PubMed:Characterization of thin layer drying of Spirulina platensis utilizing perpendicular air flow.
PubMed:Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on growth, protein and chlorophyll-a content of Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis cells.
PubMed:Biosequestering potential of Spirulina platensis for uranium.
PubMed:Culture Conditions stimulating high γ-Linolenic Acid accumulation by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Proteome analysis at the subcellular level of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis in response to low-temperature stress conditions.
PubMed:In vitro antibacterial activity of laboratory grown culture of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:A new model of phycobilisome in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Purification, crystallization and preliminary crystallographic investigations of selenium-containing phycocyanin from selenium-rich algae (Spirulina platensis).
PubMed:[Spectral changes of C-phycocyanin with different molar ratios of SPDP].
PubMed:Spirulina platensis protects against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
PubMed:Selenium-induced changes in activities of antioxidant enzymes and content of photosynthetic pigments in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Spirulina nitrate-assimilating enzymes (NR, NiR, GS) have higher specific activities and are more stable than those of rice.
PubMed:Neuroprotection by Spirulina platensis protean extract and phycocyanin against iron-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
PubMed:In vitro antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of selenium-containing phycocyanin from selenium-enriched Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Biological activities of exogenous polysaccharides via controlling endogenous proteoglycan metabolism in vascular endothelial cells].
PubMed:Characterization of photosystem II in salt-stressed cyanobacterial Spirulina platensis cells.
PubMed:A stable isotope breath test with a standard meal for abnormal gastric emptying of solids in the clinic and in research.
PubMed:Antioxidant potential of selected Spirulina platensis preparations.
PubMed:The effects of Panax ginseng and Spirulina platensis on hepatotoxicity induced by cadmium in rats.
PubMed:Outdoor and indoor cultivation of Spirulina platensis in the extreme south of Brazil.
PubMed:A combined stress response analysis of Spirulina platensis in terms of global differentially expressed proteins, and mRNA levels and stability of fatty acid biosynthesis genes.
PubMed:Fractionation and purification of the phycobiliproteins from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Biosorption of trivalent chromium by free and immobilized blue green algae: kinetics and equilibrium studies.
PubMed:Tocopherol fate in plasma and liver of streptozotocin-treated rats that orally received antioxidants and Spirulina extracts.
PubMed:Effects of Spirulina platensis extract on Syrian hamster cheek pouch mucosa painted with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene.
PubMed:Separation of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis using ion exchange chromatography.
PubMed:Nitrification of human urine for its stabilization and nutrient recycling.
PubMed:[Studies on evaluation of natural products for antiviral effects and their applications].
PubMed:Cultivation of Arthrospira (spirulina) platensis in desalinator wastewater and salinated synthetic medium: protein content and amino-acid profile.
PubMed:Cyanobacteria as a biosorbent for mercuric ion.
PubMed:The structure of allophycocyanin from Thermosynechococcus elongatus at 3.5 A resolution.
PubMed:Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies for the biosorption of aqueous lead(II), cadmium(II) and nickel(II) ions on Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Cadmium biosorption on Spirulina platensis biomass.
PubMed:Raceway cultivation of Spirulina platensis using underground water.
PubMed:C-Phycocyanin ameliorates 2-acetylaminofluorene induced oxidative stress and MDR1 expression in the liver of albino mice.
PubMed:Isolation and functional characterization of Spirulina D6D gene promoter: role of a putative GntR transcription factor in transcriptional regulation of D6D gene expression.
PubMed:Comparison of two different pneumatically mixed column photobioreactors for the cultivation of Artrospira platensis (Spirulina platensis).
PubMed:[Growth and cd uptake of Spirulina in water body containing CdCl2].
PubMed:Impact of UV-B radiation on thylakoid membrane and fatty acid profile of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Estimation of relative contribution of "mobile phycobilisome" and "energy spillover" in the light-dark induced state transition in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Photoinhibition induced alterations in energy transfer process in phycobilisomes of PS II in the cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Revealing differentially expressed proteins in two morphological forms of Spirulina platensis by proteomic analysis.
PubMed:Kinetic and equilibrium modeling of chromium (VI) biosorption on fresh and spent Spirulina platensis/Chlorella vulgaris biomass.
PubMed:Induction of axenic culture of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis based on antibiotic sensitivity of contaminating bacteria.
PubMed:Subcellular localization of ferredoxin-NADP(+) oxidoreductase in phycobilisome retaining oxygenic photosysnthetic organisms.
PubMed:Heterotrophic high-cell-density fed-batch and continuous-flow cultures of Galdieria sulphuraria and production of phycocyanin.
PubMed:Nitrogen effects on proteins, chlorophylls and fatty acids during the growth of Arthrospira platensis.
PubMed:Nitric oxide alleviates oxidative damage induced by enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in cyanobacterium.
PubMed:Phycobiliprotein C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis is powerfully responsible for reducing oxidative stress and NADPH oxidase expression induced by an atherogenic diet in hamsters.
PubMed:Effect of extracts from Spirulina platensis bioaccumulating cadmium and zinc on L929 cells.
PubMed:The origin of the temperature-induced fluorescence fluctuation in Spirulina platensis: temperature-sensitive mobility of PQ molecules.
PubMed:Chlorophylls, proteins and fatty acids amounts of arthrospira platensis growing under saline conditions.
PubMed:Quantitation of chiral amino acids from microalgae by MEKC and LIF detection.
PubMed:Characterization by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry of the lipid fraction of Spirulina platensis pressurized ethanol extract.
PubMed:Factors indicating culture status during cultivation of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis.
PubMed:[Antagonistic effects of Se-rich Spirulina platensis on rat liver fibrosis].
PubMed:[The transmembranous passes of K+ in brain cortex under radiation and chemical influences and their modification with natural adaptogen].
PubMed:Spirulina did not ameliorate idiopathic chronic fatigue in four N-of-1 randomized controlled trials.
PubMed:High throughput and rapid screening of marine protein hydrolysates enriched in peptides with angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:C-Phycocyanin inhibits 2-acetylaminofluorene-induced expression of MDR1 in mouse macrophage cells: ROS mediated pathway determined via combination of experimental and In silico analysis.
PubMed:Alteration of mitochondrial membrane potential by Spirulina platensis C-phycocyanin induces apoptosis in the doxorubicinresistant human hepatocellular-carcinoma cell line HepG2.
PubMed:Large-scale recovery of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis using expanded bed adsorption chromatography.
PubMed:[Determination of trace elements in Spirulina platensis (Notdst.) Geitl. by flame atomic absorption spectrometry combined with microsampling pulse nebulization technique].
PubMed:Removal of technetium from solution by algal flagellate Euglena gracilis.
PubMed:Production of biomass and nutraceutical compounds by Spirulina platensis under different temperature and nitrogen regimes.
PubMed:[Alleviative effects of nitric oxide on the biological damage of spirulina platensis induced by enhanced ultraviolet-B].
PubMed:Co2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ accumulation by cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The state transition mechanism - simply depending on light-on and -off in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:A simple method for extracting C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis using Klebsiella pneumoniae.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of selenium-containing phycocyanin from selenium-enriched Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Optimization of phycocyanin extraction from Spirulina platensis using factorial design.
PubMed:Preventive effects of Spirulina platensis on skeletal muscle damage under exercise-induced oxidative stress.
PubMed:[Purification and properties of Se-containing allophycocyanins from selenium rich Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:[Studies of bioavailability of different food sources of selenium in experiment].
PubMed:Immolina, a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide fraction of Spirulina, enhances chemokine expression in human monocytic THP-1 cells.
PubMed:Method to obtain C-phycocyanin of high purity.
PubMed:The impact of physical stresses on the growth of cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis-S5.
PubMed:Lateral energy transfer model for adjacent light-harvesting antennae rods of C-phycocyanins.
PubMed:Simultaneous cultivation of Spirulina platensis and the toxigenic cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa.
PubMed:Effect of heavy metal stress on proline, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase activity in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis-S5.
PubMed:Effects of electromagnetic field on the batch cultivation and nutritional composition of Spirulina platensis in an air-lift photobioreactor.
PubMed:Utilization of glycerol as carbon source on the growth, pigment and lipid production in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Cu2+ removal and recovery by Spi SORB: batch stirred and up-flow packed bed columnar reactor systems.
PubMed:Mechanisms involved in the antiplatelet effect of C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:Nutrition rehabilitation of undernourished children utilizing Spiruline and Misola.
PubMed:Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate accumulation in Nostoc muscorum and Spirulina platensis under phosphate limitation.
PubMed:[Role of sodium ions and their uptake by cells of cultured blue-green algae, Spirulina platensis and Spirulina maxima].
PubMed:[Isolation of pancreatic lipase activity-inhibitory component of spirulina platensis and it reduce postprandial triacylglycerolemia].
PubMed:A lithium-sensitive and sodium-tolerant 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphatase encoded by halA from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis is closely related to its counterparts from yeasts and plants.
PubMed:Comparative evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of carotenoids of microalgae.
PubMed:C-phycocyanin protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury of heart through involvement of p38 MAPK and ERK signaling.
PubMed:Culture of Spirulina platensis in human urine for biomass production and O(2) evolution.
PubMed:Accumulation of selenium in mixotrophic culture of Spirulina platensis on glucose.
PubMed:Separation and characterization of antioxidants from Spirulina platensis microalga combining pressurized liquid extraction, TLC, and HPLC-DAD.
PubMed:Molecular immune mechanism of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis induces apoptosis in HeLa cells in vitro.
PubMed:Effects of CD59 on antitumoral activities of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Higher plant-like fluorescence induction and thermoluminescence characteristics in cyanobacterium, Spirulina mutant defective in PQH2 oxidation by cytb6/f complex.
PubMed:Photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport in the alkaliphilic cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis.
PubMed:Differential responses of three acyl-lipid desaturases to immediate temperature reduction occurring in two lipid membranes of Spirulina platensis strain C1.
PubMed:Nutrition rehabilitation of HIV-infected and HIV-negative undernourished children utilizing spirulina.
PubMed:Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry of Spirulina platensis proteins obtained by pressurized liquid extraction.
PubMed:C-phycocyanin, a very potent and novel platelet aggregation inhibitor from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Chemical stabilization of the phycocyanin from cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:An arginine specific protease from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:A novel protein C-phycocyanin plays a crucial role in the hypocholesterolemic action of Spirulina platensis concentrate in rats.
PubMed:Ammonium and urea removal by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The c15 ring of the Spirulina platensis F-ATP synthase: F1/F0 symmetry mismatch is not obligatory.
PubMed:Copper removal by dry and re-hydrated biomass of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Effects of solar UV radiation on morphology and photosynthesis of filamentous cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis.
PubMed:Protective effect of supplemental low intensity white light on ultraviolet-B exposure-induced impairment in cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis: formation of air vacuoles as a possible protective measure.
PubMed:The effects of salt stress on photosynthetic electron transport and thylakoid membrane proteins in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Characterization via liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detector and tandem mass spectrometry of supercritical fluid antioxidant extracts of Spirulina platensis microalga.
PubMed:Biosynthesis and mobilization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:A novel mechanism for adenylyl cyclase inhibition from the crystal structure of its complex with catechol estrogen.
PubMed:Characterization of proteins from Spirulina platensis microalga using capillary electrophoresis-ion trap-mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis-time of flight-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Heat stress induces an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes to photosystem II but not to photosystem I in a cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Experimental study of spirulina platensis in treating allergic rhinitis in rats].
PubMed:A simple method for efficient extraction and purification of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Geitler.
PubMed:Gastric sensory and motor dysfunction in adolescents with functional dyspepsia.
PubMed:[Effect of CHAPS on the stability of Spirulina platensis phycobilisomes].
PubMed:Heterotrophic high cell-density fed-batch cultures of the phycocyanin-producing red alga Galdieria sulphuraria.
PubMed:[Protective effects of polysacchride of Spirulina platensis and Sargassum thunbeergii on vascular of alloxan induced diabetic rats].
PubMed:Harvesting of Spirulina platensis by cellular flotation and growth stage determination.
PubMed:Proteoglycans released from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cell layers by sodium spirulan are both perlecan and biglycan.
PubMed:P700+- and 3P700-induced quenching of the fluorescence at 760 nm in trimeric Photosystem I complexes from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis.
PubMed:The expression of three desaturase genes of Spirulina platensis in Escherichia coli DH5alpha. Heterologous expression of Spirulina-desaturase genes.
PubMed:Tocopherol measurement in edible products of vegetable origin.
PubMed:Chronic viral hepatitis, the treatment with spiruline for one month has no effect on the aminotransferases.
PubMed:Ultrastructural changes in various organs of the fish Puntius gonionotus fed cadmium-enriched cyanobacteria.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of volatile component and various extracts of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Pressurized liquid extracts from Spirulina platensis microalga. Determination of their antioxidant activity and preliminary analysis by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:Kinetic studies on thermal denaturation of C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:Salubrious effect of C-phycocyanin against oxalate-mediated renal cell injury.
PubMed:Studies on the bioavailability of the provitamin A carotenoid, beta-carotene, using human exfoliated colonic epithelial cells.
PubMed:Prophylactic role of phycocyanin: a study of oxalate mediated renal cell injury.
PubMed:Cyanobacterial bloom control by ultrasonic irradiation at 20 kHz and 1.7 MHz.
PubMed:Molecular mechanisms in C-Phycocyanin induced apoptosis in human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line-K562.
PubMed:Phycocyanin enhances secretary IgA antibody response and suppresses allergic IgE antibody response in mice immunized with antigen-entrapped biodegradable microparticles.
PubMed:Mutation study of conserved amino acid residues of Spirulina delta 6-acyl-lipid desaturase showing involvement of histidine 313 in the regioselectivity of the enzyme.
PubMed:Activation of autoimmunity following use of immunostimulatory herbal supplements.
PubMed:[Essential trace elements distribution in food micro algae Spirulina platensis biomass fractions].
PubMed:Spectroscopic investigation on the energy transfer process in photosynthetic apparatus of cyanobacteria.
PubMed:Transformation of Spirulina platensis strain C1 (Arthrospira sp. PCC9438) with Tn5 transposase-transposon DNA-cation liposome complex.
PubMed:Sorption and desorption of Cu and Cd by macroalgae and microalgae.
PubMed:[Microalgae Spirulina in human nutrition].
PubMed:Fatty acids profile of Spirulina platensis grown under different temperatures and nitrogen concentrations.
PubMed:Kinetics and bioenergetics of Spirulina platensis cultivation by fed-batch addition of urea as nitrogen source.
PubMed:Sodium spirulan as a potent inhibitor of arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro.
PubMed:Identification of antihypertensive peptides from peptic digest of two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Light-induced excitation energy redistribution in Spirulina platensis cells: "spillover" or "mobile PBSs"?
PubMed:[Use of blue-green micro-seaweed Spirulina platensis for the correction of lipid and hemostatic disturbances in patients with ischemic heart disease].
PubMed:Improving Spirulina platensis biomass yield using a fed-batch process.
PubMed:Sodium dependency of the photosynthetic electron transport in the alkaliphilic cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis.
PubMed:A novel water-soluble nanoparticles of hypocrellin B and their interaction with a model protein: C-phycocyanin.
PubMed:Chlorophyll production from Spirulina platensis: cultivation with urea addition by fed-batch process.
PubMed:Cadmium biosorption by cells of Spirulina platensis TISTR 8217 immobilized in alginate and silica gel.
PubMed:Nitrate and phosphate removal by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Identification of a metabolic network structure representative of Arthrospira (spirulina) platensis metabolism.
PubMed:[A new type of adaptation of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis to illumination conditions].
PubMed:[Interaction of Pb(II) ions with C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis: effect of ionic strength].
PubMed:Langmuir-Blodgett film of phycobilisomes from blue-green alga Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Synthesis and biological activity of pseudonucleotides based on the evolution hypothesis of the glycocomponent of nucleic acid].
PubMed:Species-specific differences of the spectroscopic properties of P700: analysis of the influence of non-conserved amino acid residues by site-directed mutagenesis of photosystem I from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
PubMed:[Toxic effects of hexavalent chromium on the growth of blue-green microalgae].
PubMed:C-Phycocyanin, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, induces apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages.
PubMed:Bioeffects of selenite on the growth of Spirulina platensis and its biotransformation.
PubMed:Effects of rabeprazole sodium on gastric emptying, electrogastrography, and fullness.
PubMed:Inhibition of enterovirus 71-induced apoptosis by allophycocyanin isolated from a blue-green alga Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis growth in open raceway ponds using fresh water supplemented with carbon, nitrogen and metal ions.
PubMed:Probing connection of PBS with the photosystems in intact cells of Spirulina platensis by temperature-induced fluorescence fluctuation.
PubMed:[Structure elucidation of glycan of a glycoconjugate SPPA-1 isolated from Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:[Physico-chemical properties and biological activities of a glycoconjugate SPPA-1 from Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Quantification of a novel h-shaped ultrasonic resonator for separation of biomaterials under terrestrial gravity and microgravity conditions.
PubMed:[Effect of polysaccharide from Spirulina platensis on hematopoietic cells proliferation, apoptosis and Bcl-2 expression in mice bearing tumor treated with chemotherapy].
PubMed:[The comparison on growth rate and photopigments of filaments of Spirulina platensis strain Z with different morphology].
PubMed:[Detection of biologically active substances with antagonistic and stimulating activity in Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Uptake of macrominerals and trace elements by the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira platensis PCC 8005) under photoautotrophic conditions: culture medium optimization.
PubMed:[Action of Spirulina platensis on bacterial viruses].
PubMed:MELISSA: a loop of interconnected bioreactors to develop life support in space.
PubMed:Influence of different radioprotective compounds on radiotolerance and cell cycle distribution of human progenitor cells of granulocytopoiesis in vitro.
PubMed:L-myo-lnositol 1-Phosphate Synthase from Plant Sources (Characteristics of the Chloroplastic and Cytosolic Enzymes).
PubMed:The ycf27 genes from cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae: distribution and implications for chloroplast evolution.
PubMed:[Optimization of cultivation conditions in se-enriched Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Electric field effects on red chlorophylls, beta-carotenes and P700 in cyanobacterial Photosystem I complexes.
PubMed:Experimental substantiation of the possibility of developing selenium- and iodine-containing pharmaceuticals based on blue-green algae Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Thermal characteristics of Spirulina platensis cells under nongrowing conditions at various values of pH medium.
PubMed:Inhibition of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cell proliferation by sodium spirulan, a new sulfated polysaccharide isolated from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Influence of a Spirulina platensis biomass on the microflora of fermented ABT milks during storage (R1).
PubMed:Effects of salinity stress on photosystem II function in cyanobacterial Spirulina platensis cells.
PubMed:Alginate immobilization of Spirulina platensis for wastewater treatment.
PubMed:Microcalorimetric study of iodized and noniodized cells and C-phycocyanin of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Repair of wounded monolayers of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells is inhibited by calcium spirulan, a novel sulfated polysaccharide isolated from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Activation of the human innate immune system by Spirulina: augmentation of interferon production and NK cytotoxicity by oral administration of hot water extract of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Inhibition activity of spirulina platensis proteins photo-immobilization biomaterial on proliferation of cancer cells].
PubMed:Validation of a stable isotope gastric emptying test for normal, accelerated or delayed gastric emptying.
PubMed:[Stimulating and inhibiting effect of Spirulina platensis on microorganisms].
PubMed:[Microcalorimetric study of native cells of the microalgae Spirulina platensis in the temperature range (2-55)C].
PubMed:A particular structure associated to the nucleoid of cyanobacteria.
PubMed:Chemomodulation of carcinogen metabolising enzymes, antioxidant profiles and skin and forestomach papillomagenesis by Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Characteristics of in vivo isolation of free fatty acids by prokaryotic and eukaryotic algae under elevated and reduced temperature].
PubMed:Chemo- and radio-protective effects of polysaccharide of Spirulina platensis on hemopoietic system of mice and dogs.
PubMed:Interaction of phycobilisomes with photosystem II dimers and photosystem I monomers and trimers in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Isolation of three high molecular weight polysaccharide preparations with potent immunostimulatory activity from Spirulina platensis, aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Chlorella pyrenoidosa.
PubMed:Characterisation of a specific phycocyanin-hydrolysing protease purified from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Use of the microalgae Spirulina platensis and its selenium-containing form in nutrition of patients with nonspecific ulcerative colitis].
PubMed:Inactive corrinoid-compound significantly decreases in Spirulina platensis grown in a cobalt-deficient medium.
PubMed:Citric acid-enhanced Helicobacter pylori urease activity in vivo is unrelated to gastric emptying.
PubMed:Growth performance of two Indian major carps, catla (Catla catla) and rohu (Labeo rohita) fed diets containing different levels of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Binding of Cd(II) ions by C-phycocyanin during Spirulina platensis cell growth].
PubMed:Pyrolytic characteristics of microalgae as renewable energy source determined by thermogravimetric analysis.
PubMed:[Biological activity of Spirulina].
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of different fractions of Spirulina platensis protean extract.
PubMed:Effects of low doses of erythromycin on the 13C Spirulina platensis gastric emptying breath test and electrogastrogram: a controlled study in healthy volunteers.
PubMed:Scavenging of peroxynitrite by phycocyanin and phycocyanobilin from Spirulina platensis: protection against oxidative damage to DNA.
PubMed:Effect of protein restriction on (15)N transfer from dietary [(15)N]alanine and [(15)N]Spirulina platensis into urea.
PubMed:Probing the mechanism of a cyanobacterial Delta9 fatty acid desaturase from Spirulina platensis C1 (Arthrospira sp. PCC 9438).
PubMed:Time-resolved fluorescence emission measurements of photosystem I particles of various cyanobacteria: a unified compartmental model.
PubMed:Enhancement of chicken macrophage phagocytic function and nitrite production by dietary Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Cyanobacterial stabilized phycobilisomes as fluorochromes for extracellular antigen detection by flow cytometry.
PubMed:Scale-up and design of a pilot-plant photobioreactor for the continuous culture of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Structure of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis at 2.2 A resolution: a novel monoclinic crystal form for phycobiliproteins in phycobilisomes.
PubMed:Crystal structure of a light-harvesting protein C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Activity of tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes in cyanobacteria Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Gelation of edible blue-green algae protein isolate (Spirulina platensis Strain Pacifica): thermal transitions, rheological properties, and molecular forces involved.
PubMed:Effects of structural modification of calcium spirulan, a sulfated polysaccharide from Spirulina platensis, on antiviral activity.
PubMed:CyaG, a novel cyanobacterial adenylyl cyclase and a possible ancestor of mammalian guanylyl cyclases.
PubMed:Effect of EHF radiation on metabolism of Cyanobacteria spirulina platensis and other photosynthesizing organisms.
PubMed:Thermal behavior of long wavelength absorption transitions in Spirulina platensis photosystem I trimers.
PubMed:Selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 by C-phycocyanin, a biliprotein from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Calcium and phosphate regulation of nitrogen metabolism in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis under the high light stress.
PubMed:Probing magnetic properties of the reduced [2Fe-2S] cluster of the ferredoxin from Arthrospira platensis by 1H ENDOR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Role of light in the response of PSII photochemistry to salt stress in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:C-phycocyanin: a potent peroxyl radical scavenger in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed:[The postradiation use of vitamin-containing complexes and a phycocyanin extract in a radiation lesion in rats].
PubMed:[Study of the factors of Cr(III) bioaccumulation on Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Polyhydroxybutyrate production from carbon dioxide by cyanobacteria.
PubMed:Physico-chemical parameters influencing DNase activity of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Intracellular phosphorus pool in a culture of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:A valid, accurate, office based non-radioactive test for gastric emptying of solids.
PubMed:Effect of ultraviolet-B radiation on intact cells of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis: characterization of the alterations in the thylakoid membranes.
PubMed:Changes of the photosynthetic apparatus in Spirulina cyanobacterium by sodium stress.
PubMed:Temperature-independent and -dependent expression of desaturase genes in filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis strain C1 (Arthrospira sp. PCC 9438)
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of spirulina platensis component and removing the stench.
PubMed:Characterization of the transient species generated by the photoexcitation of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis: a laser photolysis and pulse radiolysis study.
PubMed:Isolation of Biopterin-alpha-glucoside from Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis and Its Physiologic Function.
PubMed:In vitro oligomerization of a membrane protein complex. liposome-based reconstitution of trimeric photosystem I from isolated monomers.
PubMed:[Effect of biologically active food additives containing autolysate of baker's yeast and spirulina on intestinal permeability in an experiment].
PubMed:Class specific influence of dietary Spirulina platensis on antibody production in mice.
PubMed:Efficiency of sunlight utilization: tubular versus flat photobioreactors
PubMed:Lactic acid bacteria growth promoters from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Electron spin resonance studies on photosensitized formation of hydroxyl radical by C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis by calcium spirulan (Ca-SP), a novel sulfated polysaccharide derived from a blue-green alga, Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Coevolution of actin and associated proteins: an alpha-actinin-like protein in a cyanobacterium (Spirulina platensis).
PubMed:Further purification and structural analysis of calcium spirulan from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:News & notes. Efficient library construction with a TA vector and its application to cloning of the phytoene synthase gene from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective effect of C-phycocyanin: protection for carbon tetrachloride and R-(+)-pulegone-mediated hepatotoxicty in rats.
PubMed:Ultraviolet-B effects on Spirulina platensis cells: modification of chromophore-protein interaction and energy transfer characteristics of phycobilisomes.
PubMed:Inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an aqueous extract of Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira platensis).
PubMed:The cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis contains a long wavelength-absorbing pigment C738 (F76077K) at room temperature.
PubMed:Recovery of gold from thiourea solutions using microorganisms.
PubMed:[Element composition of bacterial cells of various taxa].
PubMed:Fluorescence spectroscopy of the longwave chlorophylls in trimeric and monomeric photosystem I core complexes from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:cDNA sequence of a translational elongation factor Ts homologue from Caenorhabditis elegans: mitochondrial factor-specific features found in the nematode homologue peptide.
PubMed:The Spirulina platensis adenylate cyclase gene, cyaC, encodes a novel signal transduction protein.
PubMed:Effect of growth temperature on the biosynthesis of eukaryotic lipid molecular species by the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Solution structure of ferredoxin from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus and its thermostability.
PubMed:Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of C-phycocyanin and allophycocyanin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of carotenoids and chlorophylls in algae by high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Calcium spirulan as an inducer of tissue-type plasminogen activator in human fetal lung fibroblasts.
PubMed:Study on the Structure of C-Phycocyanin in Spirulina platensis with Scanning Tunneling Microscope.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis inhibits anaphylactic reaction.
PubMed:Studies on electron donation to photosystem I sites by exogenous donors in Spirulina thylakoids.
PubMed:A natural sulfated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan, isolated from Spirulina platensis: in vitro and ex vivo evaluation of anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-human immunodeficiency virus activities.
PubMed:Electrostatic effects in electron transfer reactions of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins with inorganic reagents.
PubMed:Dietary Spirulina platensis enhances humoral and cell-mediated immune functions in chickens.
PubMed:Spirulina platensis exposure enhances macrophage phagocytic function in cats.
PubMed:A flat inclined modular photobioreactor for outdoor mass cultivation of photoautotrophs.
PubMed:Heparin cofactor II-dependent antithrombin activity of calcium spirulan.
PubMed:Photic Volume in Photobioreactors Supporting Ultrahigh Population Densities of the Photoautotroph Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Molecular characterization of an adenylate cyclase gene of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Purification, cDNA cloning, and regulation of lysophospholipase from rat liver.
PubMed:Calcium spirulan, an inhibitor of enveloped virus replication, from a blue-green alga Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Evidence for incorporation of intact dietary pyrimidine (but not purine) nucleosides into hepatic RNA.
PubMed:Estimates of the effect of feeding on whole-body protein degradation in women vary with the amino acid used as tracer.
PubMed:Photosynthetic performance of a helical tubular photobioreactor incorporating the cyanobacterium spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Isolation, crystallization, crystal structure analysis and refinement of allophycocyanin from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis at 2.3 A resolution.
PubMed:Sequence of the gamma-subunit of Spirulina platensis: a new principle of thiol modulation of F0F1 ATP synthase?
PubMed:Tertiary structure of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin from Spirulina platensis refined at 2.5 A resolution: structural comparisons of plant-type ferredoxins and an electrostatic potential analysis.
PubMed:Occurrence of inosine kinase as a distinct enzyme in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Electrochemical study of the redox properties of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins. Evidence for superreduction of the Rieske [2Fe-2S] cluster.
PubMed:Enhancement of antibody production in mice by dietary Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Comparison of freeze-dried and extruded Spirulina platensis as yolk pigmenting agents.
PubMed:Effect of simple shear flow on photosynthesis rate and morphology of micro algae.
PubMed:Replacement value of blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis) for fishmeal and a vitamin-mineral premix for broiler chicks.
PubMed:Cloning and characterization of the gene encoding an esterase from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of a chlorate-resistant mutant of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:ESEEM studies of the iron-sulphur clusters of succinate dehydrogenase in Arum maculatum spadix mitochondrial membranes.
PubMed:Adaptation of a strain of Spirulina platensis to grow in cobalt- and iodine-enriched media.
PubMed:Trimeric forms of the photosystem I reaction center complex pre-exist in the membranes of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The chromosomal location of genes for elongation factor Tu and ribosomal protein S10 in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis provides clues to the ancestral organization of the str and S10 operons in prokaryotes.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of eukaryotic lipid molecular species by the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:On the activation mechanism of the H(+)-ATP synthase and unusual thermodynamic properties in the alkalophilic cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Utilization of beta-carotene from Spirulina platensis by rats.
PubMed:A structured model for simulation of cultures of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis in photobioreactors: II. Identification of kinetic parameters under light and mineral limitations.
PubMed:A structured model for simulation of cultures of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis in photobioreactors: I. Coupling between light transfer and growth kinetics.
PubMed:Iron bioavailability from Spirulina platensis, whole egg and whole wheat.
PubMed:Isolation from Spirulina membranes of two photosystem I-type complexes, one of which contains chlorophyll responsible for the 77 K fluorescence band at 760 nm.
PubMed:Protoplasts from the cyanobacterium,Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Molecular characterization of the genes encoding acetohydroxy acid synthase in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and sequencing of the beta-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase gene from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Overproduction of gamma-Linolenic and Eicosapentaenoic Acids by Algae.
PubMed:Uniformly 13C-labeled algal protein used to determine amino acid essentiality in vivo.
PubMed:Mutagenesis of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis by UV and nitrosoguanidine treatment.
PubMed:Proton nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of adrenodoxin. Assignment of aromatic resonances and evidence for a conformational similarity with ferredoxin from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Effect of Light Quality on Phycobilisome Components of the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and expression of Spirulina platensis acetohydroxy acid synthase genes in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Structure of the [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin I from the blue-green alga Aphanothece sacrum at 2.2 A resolution.
PubMed:Delta6 desaturase inhibition : a novel mode of action of norflurazone.
PubMed:The nutritional value of dehydrated, blue-green algae (Spirulina platensis) for poultry.
PubMed:Multinuclear magnetic resonance studies of the 2Fe.2S* ferredoxin from Anabaena species strain PCC 7120. 1. Sequence-specific hydrogen-1 resonance assignments and secondary structure in solution of the oxidized form.
PubMed:A macromodel for outdoor algal mass production.
PubMed:Effects of Spirulina platensis on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in fructose-induced hyperlipidemic rats.
PubMed:Cloning and nucleotide sequence of an archaebacterial glutamine synthetase gene: phylogenetic implications.
PubMed:Identification of localized redox states in plant-type two-iron ferredoxins using the nuclear Overhauser effect.
PubMed:On-line optimization of biotechnological processes: I. Application to open algal pond.
PubMed:Organization and nucleotide sequence of the genes for ribosomal protein S2 and elongation factor Ts in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Examination of protein sequence homologies: V. New perspectives on evolution between bacterial and chloroplast-type ferredoxins inferred from sequence evidence.
PubMed:Radioprotective effect of extract from Spirulina platensis in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test.
PubMed:A novel and inexpensive source of allophycocyanin for multicolor flow cytometry.
PubMed:Characterization of the str operon genes from Spirulina platensis and their evolutionary relationship to those of other prokaryotes.
PubMed:[Enhancement of endonuclease activity and repair DNA synthesis by polysaccharide of Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Hydrogen bonding of sulfur ligands in blue copper and iron-sulfur proteins: detection by resonance Raman spectroscopy.
PubMed:Effect of cobalt on the primary productivity of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Kinetics and bioenergetics of light-limited photoautotrophic growth of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Computer control of carbon-nitrogen ratio in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Organization of genes for ribosomal proteins S7 and S12, elongation factors EF-Tu and EF-G in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:The phosphoglycerate kinases from Trypanosoma brucei. A comparison of the glycosomal and the cytosolic isoenzymes and their sensitivity towards suramin.
PubMed:Preparation of a highly active ATPase of the mesophilic cyanobacterium Spirulina maxima.
PubMed:A new restriction endonuclease from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Properties of the cyanobacterial coupling factor ATPase from Spirulina platensis. II. Activity of the purified and membrane-bound enzymes.
PubMed:Properties of the cyanobacterial coupling factor ATPase from Spirulina platensis. I. Electrophoretic characterization and reconstitution of photophosphorylation.
PubMed:The mutagenesis and temporal partial genetic mapping in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Osmotic adjustment in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Two tuf genes in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Purification of the elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Classification of iron-sulfur cores in ferredoxins by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
PubMed:Main chain fold of a [2Fe-2S]ferredoxin I from Aphanothece sacrum at 2.5 A resolution.
PubMed:Kinetic studies on reactions of iron-sulphur proteins. Oxidation of the reduced form of Spirulina platensis [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin with inorganic complexes.
PubMed:Production of Spirulina biomass: Maintenance of monoalgal culture outdoors.
PubMed:Altered methionyl-tRNA synthetase in a Spirulina platensis mutant resistant to ethionine.
PubMed:Photosynthetic Electron Transfer in Preparations of the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Nutritional quality of the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis Geitler.
PubMed:[Low potential c-type cytochrome of Thiocapsa roseopersicina].
PubMed:Reconstitution of electron transport by cytochrome c-553 in a cell-free system of Nostoc muscorum.
PubMed:Structure-function relationship of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins and design of a model molecule.
PubMed:Hydrocarbons in green and blue-green algae.
PubMed:[Effect of oxygen and substrates for growth on the superoxide dismutase and catalase activity of microorganisms].
PubMed:Accumulation of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate in Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:X-ray analysis of a [2Fe-2S] ferrodoxin from Spirulina platensis. Main chain fold and location of side chains at 2.5 A resolution.
PubMed:Structural stability of halophilic proteins.
PubMed:Production of amino acids by analog-resistant mutants of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Comparative evaluation of the vitamin composition of unicellular algae and higher plants grown under artificial conditions].
PubMed:Studies on the proteins of mass-cultivated, blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis).
PubMed:Comparison of the redox reactions of various types of cytochrome c with iron hexacyanides.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of cytochrome f-556.5 from the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Physico-chemical properties of water-soluble proteins from Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Ecophysiological studies on Spirulina platensis. Effect of temperature, light intensity and nitrate concentration on growth and ultrastructure.
PubMed:[Immunostimulating activity of the lipopolysaccharides of blue-green algae].
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of two ferredoxin-NADP+ reductases from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Chemical modification of biliprotein chromophores.
PubMed:Adenosine 5'-triphosphate sulphurylase from Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Studies on plant bile pigments, VII. Preparation and characterization of phycobiliproteins with chromophores chemically modified by reduction.
PubMed:[Comparative evaluation of methods for isolating total protein from the biomass of Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Radioimmunoassay for the determination of free and conjugated abscisic acid.
PubMed:The ultrastructure of Spirulina platensis in relation to temperature and light intensity.
PubMed:X-ray analysis of ferredoxin from Spirulina platensis. II. Chelate structure of active center.
PubMed:A glucan from the cell wall of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Location of the iron-sulfur cluster in Spirulina platensis ferredoxin by x-ray analysis.
PubMed:On the morphology and ultrastructure of the cell wall of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:[Cytochrome f of Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Purification and physicochemical properties of superoxide dismutase from two photosynthetic microorganisms.
PubMed:The complete amino acid sequence of the Spirulina platensis ferredoxin.
PubMed:[Carbonic anhydrase of blue-green alga Spirulina platensis].
PubMed:Amino acid sequence of Spirulina platensis ferredoxin: a far divergency of blue-green algal ferredoxins.
PubMed:[Protein and energy value of spiruline blue algae supplemented by amino acids: digestive and metabolic utilization by the growing rat].
PubMed:[Production and characteristic constituents of the algae Spirulina platensis and maxima].
PubMed:[Physiological and biochemical characteristics of Spirulina platensis cultures].
PubMed:Proceedings: Freezing and freeze-drying of Spirulina platensis.
PubMed:Nutritive value of processed Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Scenedesmus obliquus and Spirulina platensis as measured by protein synthesis in vitro in rat skeletal muscle.
PubMed:[Sterols and triterpene alcohols of a Cyanophyceae: Spirulina platensis Geitler].
PubMed:[Comparative study of the nucleic acids of 2 species of Spirulina: Spirulina platensis Geitler and Spirulina maxima Geitler].
PubMed:[Incorporation of 3H-thymidine, 3H-uridine and 3H-leucine in the blue alga Spirulina platensis (Gom.) geitler].
PubMed:[Comparative study of lipids of Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitler and Spirulina geitleri J. de Toni].
PubMed:[Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of proteins of Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitler and Spirulina geitleri J. de Toni].
PubMed:[Composition in mineral elements of 2 Cyanophycea, Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitler and Sp. geitleri J. de Toni].
PubMed:[Carotenoids of Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitler (Cyanophyceae)].
PubMed:[Preliminary note on the content of mineral elements and oligo-elements of Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitler and of Spirulina maxima (Setch. et Gardn.) Geitler].
PubMed:The occurrence and biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid in a blue-green alga,Spirulina platensis.
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