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corn glutens
protein obtained from the starchy endospermum of corn, zea mays l., gramineae

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CAS Number: 66071-96-3
ECHA EC Number:266-116-0
FDA UNII: Search
Category:food starch-modified
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FDA Mainterm (SATF):66071-96-3 ; CORN GLUTEN
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1321 Corn gluten.
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
bulking agents
hair conditioning
skin conditioning
skin conditioning - emollient
Flavor: characteristic
Dried corn gluten feed usually contains 60-65% bran and 35-40% steep liquor, and may also include corn germ meal. Steep liquor is usually dried onto corn bran in a rotary drum dryer and ground in a hammer mill. Pelleting increases bulk density while increasing tryptophan, minimizing accumulation of fines, and allowing for easy handling and storage. Rich in protein, these pellets are primarily used as poultry, swine, and cattle feed. Corn gluten feed provides a high energy, low fat food source that is highly digestible and rich in crucial amino acids.
Flavor: characteristic
Dried corn gluten feed usually contains 60-65% bran and 35-40% steep liquor, and may also include corn germ meal. Steep liquor is usually dried onto corn bran in a rotary drum dryer and ground in a hammer mill. Pelleting increases bulk density while increasing tryptophan, minimizing accumulation of fines, and allowing for easy handling and storage. Rich in protein, these pellets are primarily used as poultry, swine, and cattle feed. Corn gluten feed provides a high energy, low fat food source that is highly digestible and rich in crucial amino acids.
Flavor: characteristic
A corn ingredient of the wet milling process, corn gluten feed is a medium protein, medium energy feed ingredient. Product is standardized to 16% crude protein.
Flavor: characteristic
Dried corn gluten feed usually contains 60-65% bran and 35-40% steep liquor, and may also include corn germ meal. Steep liquor is usually dried onto corn bran in a rotary drum dryer and ground in a hammer mill. Pelleting increases bulk density while increasing tryptophan, minimizing accumulation of fines, and allowing for easy handling and storage. Rich in protein, these pellets are primarily used as poultry, swine, and cattle feed. Corn gluten feed provides a high energy, low fat food source that is highly digestible and rich in crucial amino acids.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
corn gluten meal 95%
Tate & Lyle
Corn Gluten feed
Animal Feed
Tate & Lyle
Corn Gluten Meal
animal Feed
Vevy Europe
Odor: characteristic
Use: it improves surfactant activity while protecting skin and scalp from dryness due to surfactant harshness. Stable gel-creams are obtained at room temperature. Emulsion stabilizer and apparent viscosity enhancer, emollient, lubricant, anti-itching, soothing agent and skin.
corn glutens
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
food starch-modified
Recommendation for corn glutens usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for corn glutens flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):66071-96-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
Canada Domestic Sub. List:66071-96-3
Pubchem (sid):135333287
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 corn gluten protein
Search Trop Picture
 corn gluten meal
 corn gluten protein
 corn glutens
 octaprotein-colloid (Vevy)
 protein obtained from the starchy endospermum of corn, zea mays l., gramineae
 zea mays gluten protein


PubMed:Quality characteristics of gluten free cookies prepared from different flour combinations.
PubMed:Maize prolamins could induce a gluten-like cellular immune response in some celiac disease patients.
PubMed:Corn peptides protect against thioacetamide-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.
PubMed:Short communication: Supplementing lysine and methionine in a lactation diet containing a high concentration of wet corn gluten feed did not alter milk protein yield.
PubMed:Effects of bulk density of steam-flaked corn in diets containing wet corn gluten feed on feedlot cattle performance, carcass characteristics, apparent total tract digestibility, and ruminal fermentation.
PubMed:Energy partitioning and substrate oxidation by Murciano-Granadina goats during mid lactation fed soy hulls and corn gluten feed blend as a replacement for corn grain.
PubMed:Optimisation of antioxidant peptide preparation from corn gluten meal.
PubMed:Divergent properties of prolamins in wheat and maize.
PubMed:Nutritional assessment of transgenic lysine-rich maize compared with conventional quality protein maize.
PubMed:Use of corn gluten feed and dried distillers grains plus solubles as a replacement for soybean meal and corn for supplementation in a corn silage-based stocker system.
PubMed:Comparison of amino acid digestibility coefficients for corn, corn gluten meal, and corn distillers dried grains with solubles among 3 different bioassays.
PubMed:Effects of protein sources on concentrations of hydrogen sulphide in the rumen headspace gas of dairy cows.
PubMed:Analysis of ingredient lists of commercially available gluten-free and gluten-containing food products using the text mining technique.
PubMed:Nutritional value of 15 corn gluten meals for growing pigs: chemical composition, energy content and amino acid digestibility.
PubMed:Effects of wet corn gluten feed on ruminal pH and productivity of lactating dairy cattle fed diets with sufficient physically effective fiber.
PubMed:Influence of maize flour particle size on gluten-free breadmaking.
PubMed:Quality, microstructure, biochemical and immunochemical characteristics of hypoallergenic pasta.
PubMed:Microstructural, physical, and sensory impact of starch, inulin, and soy protein in low-fat gluten and lactose free white sauces.
PubMed:Effects of feeding crude glycerin on performance and ruminal kinetics of lactating Holstein cows fed corn silage- or cottonseed hull-based, low-fiber diets.
PubMed:Immunoreactivity and detection of wheat proteins by commercial ELISA kits.
PubMed:Plant products affect growth and digestive efficiency of cultured Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) fed compounded diets.
PubMed:The sourdough fermentation may enhance the recovery from intestinal inflammation of coeliac patients at the early stage of the gluten-free diet.
PubMed:Effects of varying rates of tallgrass prairie hay and wet corn gluten feed on productivity of lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Increasing and stabilizing β-sheet structure of maize zein causes improvement in its rheological properties.
PubMed:Effects of supplementation frequency on ruminal fermentation and digestion by steers fed medium-quality hay and supplemented with a soybean hull and corn gluten feed blend.
PubMed:Effects of dietary protein concentration and balance of absorbable amino acids on productive responses of dairy cows fed corn silage-based diets.
PubMed:Energy determination of corn co-products fed to broiler chicks from 15 to 24 days of age, and use of composition analysis to predict nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy.
PubMed:Digestibility of amino acids in corn, corn coproducts, and bakery meal fed to growing pigs.
PubMed:Global and grain-specific accumulation of glycoside hydrolase family 10 xylanases in transgenic maize (Zea mays).
PubMed:Effect of long-term corn by-product feeding on beef quality, strip loin fatty acid profiles, and shelf life.
PubMed:Production of crude xylanase from Thermoascus aurantiacus CBMAI 756 aiming the baking process.
PubMed:[Product development on the basis of cereal and leguminous flours to coeliac disease in children aged 6-24 months; II: properties of the mixtures].
PubMed:[Product development on the basis of cereal and leguminous flours to coeliac disease in children between 6-24 months; I: formulation and acceptability].
PubMed:Colour score as a guide for estimating the protein value of corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Performance of lactating dairy cows fed corn as whole plant silage and grain produced from genetically modified corn containing event DAS-59122-7 compared to a nontransgenic, near-isogenic control.
PubMed:Recovery and characterization of α-zein from corn fermentation coproducts.
PubMed:Emulsifying properties of chemically deamidated corn (Zea mays) gluten meal.
PubMed:Thermal and physicochemical properties and nutritional value of the protein fraction of Mexican chia seed (Salvia hispanica L.).
PubMed:Fate of aflatoxin B(1) in contaminated corn gluten during acid hydrolysis.
PubMed:Effects of feeding increasing levels of wet corn gluten feed on production and ruminal fermentation in lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Nitrogen utilization, nutrient digestibility, and excretion of purine derivatives in dairy cattle consuming rations containing corn milling co-products.
PubMed:Effects of starch and protein sources on starch disappearance in the gastrointestinal tract of Hanwoo (Korean native) steers.
PubMed:Evaluation of protein fractionation and ruminal and intestinal digestibility of corn milling co-products.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory effect of enzymatic hydrolysate of corn gluten in an experimental model of colitis.
PubMed:Transfer of linoleic and linolenic acid from feed to milk in cows fed isoenergetic diets differing in proportion and origin of concentrates and roughages.
PubMed:Protein and starch concentrates of air-classified field pea and zero-tannin faba bean for weaned pigs.
PubMed:Finding the "bio" in biobased products: electrophoretic identification of wheat proteins in processed products.
PubMed:Gluten-free bread formulated with Prosopis ruscifolia (vinal) seed and corn flours.
PubMed:Effect of feeding combinations of wet distillers grains and wet corn gluten feed to feedlot cattle.
PubMed:Identification of cis-localization elements that target glutelin RNAs to a specific subdomain of the cortical endoplasmic reticulum in rice endosperm cells.
PubMed:Antihepatotoxic effect of corn peptides against Bacillus Calmette-Guerin/lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury in mice.
PubMed:The 3'-untranslated region of rice glutelin GluB-1 affects accumulation of heterologous protein in transgenic rice.
PubMed:Effects of alfalfa hay inclusion rate on productivity of lactating dairy cattle fed wet corn gluten feed-based diets.
PubMed:Comparison of full-fat corn germ, whole cottonseed, and tallow as fat sources for lactating dairy cattle.
PubMed:Influence of early nutritional components on the development of murine autoimmune diabetes.
PubMed:Optimization of gluten-free formulations for French-style breads.
PubMed:Enrichment of gluten-free tarhana with buckwheat flour.
PubMed:Validity assessment of the detection method of maize event Bt10 through investigation of its molecular structure.
PubMed:Estimation of the optimum ratio of standardized ileal digestible isoleucine to lysine for eight- to twenty-five-kilogram pigs in diets containing spray-dried blood cells or corn gluten feed as a protein source.
PubMed:Ultrarapid quantitation of maize proteins by perfusion and monolithic reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Bovine milk caseins and transglutaminase-treated cereal prolamins are differentially recognized by IgA of celiac disease patients according to their age.
PubMed:Genetic control of wheat quality: interactions between chromosomal regions determining protein content and composition, dough rheology, and sponge and dough baking properties.
PubMed:Free and bound fumonisins in gluten-free food products.
PubMed:Comparison of amino acid digestibility determined prececally or based on total excretion of cecectomized laying hens.
PubMed:Conformational changes and molecular mobility in plasticized proteins.
PubMed:Degradation of phytates in distillers' grains and corn gluten feed by Aspergillus niger phytase.
PubMed:Select corn coproducts from the ethanol industry and their potential as ingredients in pet foods.
PubMed:Performance of lactating dairy cows fed varying levels of total mixed ration and pasture.
PubMed:Sensitive detection of cereal fractions that are toxic to celiac disease patients by using monoclonal antibodies to a main immunogenic wheat peptide.
PubMed:Transglutaminase treatment of wheat and maize prolamins of bread increases the serum IgA reactivity of celiac disease patients.
PubMed:Fibrolytic enzymes to increase the nutritive value of dairy feedstuffs.
PubMed:Utilization of soybeans or corn milling by-products in beef heifer development diets.
PubMed:Peptide with angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity from hydrolyzed corn gluten meal.
PubMed:Effects of wet corn gluten feed and roughage levels on performance, carcass characteristics, and feeding behavior of feedlot cattle.
PubMed:Estimation of the proportion of feed protein digested in the small intestine of cattle consuming wet corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Microscopic analysis of corn fiber using starch- and cellulose-specific molecular probes.
PubMed:Effects of stocking rate and corn gluten feed supplementation on performance of young beef cows grazing winter-stockpiled tall fescue-red clover pasture.
PubMed:Preparation of corn (Zea mays) peptides and their protective effect against alcohol-induced acute hepatic injury in NH mice.
PubMed:Production of hydrolysate with antioxidative activity by enzymatic hydrolysis of extruded corn gluten.
PubMed:Milk production of dairy cows fed wet corn gluten feed during the dry period and lactation.
PubMed:Wet corn gluten feed and alfalfa hay levels in dry-rolled corn finishing diets: effects on finishing performance and feedlot nitrogen mass balance.
PubMed:Grain source and processing in diets containing varying concentrations of wet corn gluten feed for finishing cattle.
PubMed:Gluten determination by gliadin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit: interlaboratory study.
PubMed:Evaluation of meat meal, chicken meal, and corn gluten meal as dietary sources of protein in dry cat food.
PubMed:The future of coproducts from corn processing.
PubMed:Optimal wet corn gluten and protein levels in steam-flaked corn-based finishing diets for steer calves.
PubMed:Changes in the digestible lysine and sulfur amino acid needs of broiler chicks during the first three weeks posthatching.
PubMed:Microfiltration of gluten processing streams from corn wet milling.
PubMed:Dietary protein source affects lipid metabolism in the European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax).
PubMed:Membrane separation of solids from corn processing streams.
PubMed:Gut mucosal granulocyte activation precedes nitric oxide production: studies in coeliac patients challenged with gluten and corn.
PubMed:ATR-FT/IR study on the interactions between gliadins and dextrin and their effects on protein secondary structure.
PubMed:Dietary protein source determines the degree of hypertension and renal disease in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat.
PubMed:[Hidden food allergens: peanut and gluten--in Polish foodstuffs].
PubMed:The maize O2 and PBF proteins act additively to promote transcription from storage protein gene promoters in rice endosperm cells.
PubMed:Immune response to dietary proteins, gliadin and cerebellar peptides in children with autism.
PubMed:Response of lactating dairy cows to diets containing wet corn gluten feed or a raw soybean hull-corn steep liquor pellet.
PubMed:Effects of concentration and composition of wet corn gluten feed in steam-flaked corn-based finishing diets.
PubMed:Tracing metabolic routes of feed ingredients in tissues of broiler chickens using stable isotopes.
PubMed:Feeding fish with diets of different ratios of C3- and C4-plant-derived ingredients: a laboratory analysis with implications for the back-calculation of diet from stable isotope data.
PubMed:Feeding behavior and performance of dairy cows fed pelleted nonroughage fiber byproducts.
PubMed:Valine needs of male broilers from 42 to 56 days of age.
PubMed:Further evaluation of nonfeed removal methods for molting programs.
PubMed:Amino acid requirement of growing pigs depending on amino acid efficiency and level of protein deposition 1st communication: lysine.
PubMed:Corn processing method in finishing diets containing wet corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Wet corn gluten feed and alfalfa hay combinations in steam-flaked corn finishing cattle diets.
PubMed:Conformation of alpha zeins in solid state by Fourier transform IR.
PubMed:Accumulation, assembly, and digestibility of amarantin expressed in transgenic tropical maize.
PubMed:Inter-relationship between electrophoretic characteristics of pseudocereal and cereal proteins and their microscopic structure for possible substitution based on nutritional evaluation.
PubMed:Oxidative reaction of oxindole-3-acetic acids.
PubMed:New strategy for the determination of gliadins in maize- or rice-based foods matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry: fractionation of gliadins from maize or rice prolamins by acidic treatment.
PubMed:The influence of temperature on the threonine and tryptophan requirements of young broiler chicks.
PubMed:Evaluation of apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in Chinese corn by-products for growing-finishing pigs.
PubMed:Combinations of alfalfa hay and wet corn gluten feed in limit-fed growing diets for beef cattle.
PubMed:Characterization of light gluten and light steep water from a corn wet milling plant.
PubMed:Effects of increasing levels of refined cornstarch in the diet of lactating dairy cows on performance and ruminal pH.
PubMed:Effect of feeding protein supplements of differing degradability on omasal flow of microbial and undegraded protein.
PubMed:Optimizing the level of wet corn gluten feed in the diet of lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Effects of feeding dairy cows protein supplements of varying ruminal degradability.
PubMed:Characterization of gluten processing streams.
PubMed:Evaluation of finishing performance, carcass characteristics, acid-resistant E. coli and total coliforms from steers fed combinations of wet corn gluten feed and steam-flaked corn.
PubMed:Effects of virginiamycin and monensin plus tylosin on ruminal protein metabolism in steers fed corn-based finishing diets with or without wet corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Analysis of xanthophylls in corn by HPLC.
PubMed:Soybean hulls, wheat middlings, and corn gluten feed as supplements for cattle on forage-based diets.
PubMed:Comparison of corn gluten meal and meat meal as a protein source in dry foods formulated for cats.
PubMed:Bioinformatic methods for allergenicity assessment using a comprehensive allergen database.
PubMed:By-product feeds for meat goats: effects on digestibility, ruminal environment, and carcass characteristics.
PubMed:Ideal ratio (relative to lysine) of tryptophan, threonine, isoleucine, and valine for chicks during the second and third weeks posthatch.
PubMed:Plasticity of seed protein composition in response to nitrogen and sulfur availability.
PubMed:Cereal seed storage proteins: structures, properties and role in grain utilization.
PubMed:Interaction of maize zein with wheat gluten in composite dough and bread as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy.
PubMed:Fish meal vs. corn gluten meal as a protein source for dry cat food.
PubMed:High selectivity of human tissue transglutaminase for immunoactive gliadin peptides: implications for celiac sprue.
PubMed:Evaluation of wet corn gluten feed in diets for lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Wheat starch, gliadin, and the gluten-free diet.
PubMed:Analysis of the effects of heat treatment on gliadin immunochemical quantification using a panel of anti-prolamin antibodies.
PubMed:Efficacy of phytase for increasing protein efficiency ratio values of feed ingredients.
PubMed:Supplemental soybean oil or corn for beef heifers grazing summer pasture: effects on forage intake, ruminal fermentation, and site and extent of digestion.
PubMed:Protein-enriched spaghetti fortified with corn gluten meal.
PubMed:Extraction and solubility characteristics of zein proteins from dry-milled corn.
PubMed:Intake restriction strategies and sources of energy and protein during the growing period affect nutrient disappearance, feedlot performance, and carcass characteristics of crossbred heifers.
PubMed:Supplemental dietary protein for grazing dairy cows: effect on pasture intake and lactation performance.
PubMed:The BLAST algorithms: practical application in molecular cloning, marker-assisted selection (MAS) and introgression of wheat.
PubMed:Effect of presolvent extraction processing method on the nutritional value of soybean meal for chicks.
PubMed:Occurrence of aflatoxins in cereal grains from four Egyptian governorates.
PubMed:Limiting order of amino acids and the effects of phytase on protein quality in corn gluten meal fed to young chicks.
PubMed:Structural and immunochemical homologies between foxtail millet glutelin 60 kDa and starch granule-bound starch synthase proteins from rice, barley, corn and wheat grains.
PubMed:Interactions between forage and wet corn gluten feed as sources of fiber in diets for lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Short-term dietary effects on reproductive wastage after induced ovulation and artificial insemination in primiparous lactating Sarda ewes.
PubMed:The effects of corn milling coproducts on growth performance and diet digestibility by beef cattle.
PubMed:Crude protein and rumen undergradable protein effects on reproduction and lactation performance of Holstein cows.
PubMed:Corn protein-based thermoplastic resins: effect of some polar and amphiphilic plasticizers.
PubMed:Early postmolt performance of laying hens fed a low-protein corn molt diet supplemented with corn gluten meal, feather meal, methionine, and lysine.
PubMed:Thermal properties of corn gluten meal and its proteic components.
PubMed:Use of different dietary protein sources for lactating goats: milk production and composition as functions of protein degradability and amino acid composition.
PubMed:Nutritional evaluation of poultry by-product meal as a protein source for ruminants: effects on performance and nutrient flow and disappearance in steers.
PubMed:Supplementation of rumen-undegradable protein to the diets of early lactation Holstein cows on grass pasture.
PubMed:Effects of postruminal protein on fatty acid digestibility in dairy cows.
PubMed:The GCN4 motif in a rice glutelin gene is essential for endosperm-specific gene expression and is activated by Opaque-2 in transgenic rice plants.
PubMed:Performance and digestion by steers grazing tall fescue and supplemented with energy and protein.
PubMed:Effect of energy source and escape protein on receiving and finishing performance and health of calves.
PubMed:Ruminally protected lysine or lysine and methionine for lactating dairy cows fed a ration designed to meet requirements for microbial and postruminal protein.
PubMed:Use of high-precision gas isotope ratio mass spectrometry to determine natural abundance 13C in lutein isolated from C3 and C4 plant sources.
PubMed:Mycotoxins in ingredients of animal feeding stuffs: II. Determination of mycotoxins in maize and maize products.
PubMed:Ruminal degradation, amino acid composition, and estimated intestinal digestibilities of four protein supplements.
PubMed:Effect of wet corn gluten feed, supplemental protein, and tallow on steer finishing performance.
PubMed:Effects of source of carbohydrate and protein and rumen-protected methionine on performance of cows.
PubMed:Effect of degradable and escape protein and roughage type on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing yearling steers.
PubMed:Escape protein supplementation of steers fed grass silage-based diets.
PubMed:Adequacy of amino acids in diets fed to lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Utilisation of U-14C-lysine by young turkeys.
PubMed:Lysine deficiency in postweaned calves fed corn and corn gluten meal diets.
PubMed:The amino acid composition of protein feedstuffs before and after ruminal incubation and after subsequent passage through the intestines of dairy cows.
PubMed:Tissue-specific expression in transgenic maize of four endosperm promoters from maize and rice.
PubMed:Lactational evaluation of protein supplements of varying ruminal degradabilities.
PubMed:Structural characteristics of corn starches extruded with soy protein isolate or wheat gluten.
PubMed:Evaluation of wet distillers composite for finishing ruminants.
PubMed:Effects of feeding cattle manure on growth performance and carcass characteristics of large white pigs.
PubMed:Ruminal degradation, amino acid composition, and intestinal digestibility of the residual components of five protein supplements.
PubMed:Preparation of corn peptide from corn gluten meal and its administration effect on alcohol metabolism in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:Comparison of nitrogen-15 and purines as microbial markers in continuous culture.
PubMed:Influence of by-product feeds and tallow on lactation performance of Holstein cows during two seasons.
PubMed:Effects of feed intake and dietary level of wet corn gluten feed on feedlot performance, digestibility of nutrients, and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing beef heifers.
PubMed:The maize transcription factor Opaque-2 activates a wheat glutenin promoter in plant and yeast cells.
PubMed:Feeding wet corn gluten feed to reduce subacute acidosis in cattle.
PubMed:Effect of protein supplementation on forage intake and nitrogen balance of lambs fed freshly harvested wheat forage.
PubMed:Intake and digestion of low-, medium-, and high-quality grass hays by lambs receiving increasing levels of corn supplementation.
PubMed:Effects of protein source on nitrogen metabolism in continuous culture and intestinal digestion in vitro.
PubMed:Effects of protein concentration and protein source on performance of newly arrived feedlot steers.
PubMed:Supplemental protein sources for steers fed corn-based diets: II. Growth and estimated metabolizable amino acid supply.
PubMed:Supplemental protein sources for steers fed corn-based diets: I. Ruminal characteristics and intestinal amino acid flows.
PubMed:A three-step in vitro procedure for estimating intestinal digestion of protein in ruminants.
PubMed:True digestibility of amino acids and protein in pigs with 13C as a label to determine endogenous amino acid excretion.
PubMed:Antibody response against wheat, rye, barley, oats and corn: comparison between gluten-sensitive patients and monoclonal antigliadin antibodies.
PubMed:Determining the net energy value of wet and dry corn gluten feed in beef growing and finishing diets.
PubMed:In situ ruminal disappearance of essential amino acids in protein feedstuffs.
PubMed:High-lysine corn as a source of protein and energy for finishing calves.
PubMed:Wet corn distillers byproducts compared with dried corn distillers grains with solubles as a source of protein and energy for ruminants.
PubMed:Alfalfa and escape protein supplements for grazed corn residues.
PubMed:Effect of protein source on ruminal fermentation and passage of amino acids to the small intestine of lactating cows.
PubMed:Quantitative evaluation of fiber from nonforage sources used to replace alfalfa silage.
PubMed:Electrophoretic analysis of ruminal degradability of corn proteins.
PubMed:Growth efficiency and digestibility of heated protein fed to growing ruminants.
PubMed:Corn gluten meal or dried brewers grains as partial replacement for soybean meal in the diet of Holstein cows.
PubMed:Effects of replacing milk and soybean products with wheat glutens on digestibility of nutrients and growth performance in nursery pigs.
PubMed:Characterization of mutagenic activity in cooked-grain-food products.
PubMed:[Effect of corn gluten additives into the flour products in patient with non-insulin-dependent diabetes].
PubMed:[Effect of physical treatment of rapeseed expeller, wheat, corn and corn gluten feed on the degradability in the rumen and the enzymatic in vitro digestibility of nondegraded crude proteins].
PubMed:Evaluation of potential sources of proteins in diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
PubMed:[The effect of the main protein source in rations of ewes and the time of blood collection on the glucose and triacylglycerol levels in blood at the beginning of lactation].
PubMed:Response of early lactation cows to fat supplementation in diets with different nonstructural carbohydrate concentrations.
PubMed:Effects of supplemental protein source on ruminal fermentation, protein degradation, and amino acid absorption in steers and on growth and feed efficiency in steers and heifers.
PubMed:Evaluating two sources of dried whey and the effects of replacing the corn and dried whey component with corn gluten meal and lactose in the diets of weanling swine.
PubMed:Effect of postweaning age on rate of in situ protein disappearance in calves weaned at 5 weeks of age.
PubMed:CD of proline-rich polypeptides: application to the study of the repetitive domain of maize glutelin-2.
PubMed:Multiple food allergy.
PubMed:Fecal consistency as related to dietary composition in lactating Holstein cows.
PubMed:Alternate day supplementation of corn stalk diets with soybean meal or corn gluten meal fed to ruminants.
PubMed:In vivo degradation of protein in diets formulated for two degradabilities.
PubMed:Response of Holstein cows to corn gluten meal used to increase undegradable protein in early or later lactation.
PubMed:Dietary effects on stunting syndrome in poults.
PubMed:Convergent solid-phase peptide synthesis IX: application to the synthesis of peptides with repetitive sequences.
PubMed:Effect of forage source on retention of digesta markers applied to corn gluten meal and brewers grains for heifers.
PubMed:Effect of wet or dry corn gluten feed on nutrient digestibility and milk yield and composition.
PubMed:Utilization of alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw in cattle growing and finishing diets.
PubMed:Responses of dairy cows to supplemental rumen-protected forms of methionine and lysine.
PubMed:Dietary fat, protein degradability, and calving season: effects on nutrient use and performance of early lactation cows.
PubMed:Escape protein for beef cows: II. Source and level in ammoniated wheat straw-corn silage diets.
PubMed:Effects of dietary energy level and protein source on nutrient digestion and ruminal nitrogen metabolism in steers.
PubMed:Energy and protein supplementation of ammoniated wheat straw diets for growing steers.
PubMed:[Analysis of food and feed by partial sequences of characteristic protein components (carrier peptides). 1. Isolation and structural determination of wheat-specific peptides from chymotryptic hydrolysates of gliadin].
PubMed:Net energy of ensiled wet corn gluten feed in corn silage diets for finishing steers.
PubMed:Self-management of dietary compliance in coeliac disease by means of ELISA "home test" to detect gluten.
PubMed:Effects of source and amount of protein on ruminal fermentation and passage of nutrients to the small intestine of lactating cows.
PubMed:Sequence analysis of a genomic clone encoding a Zc2 protein from Zea mays W64 A.
PubMed:Hydrolyzed feather meal as a protein source for growing calves.
PubMed:Effects of corn vs corn gluten feed on site, extent and ruminal rate of forage digestion and on rate and efficiency of gain.
PubMed:Long-term effects of corn gluten feed on the reproductive performance and weight of gestating sows.
PubMed:Intestinal supply of amino acids in sheep fed alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw-based diets supplemented with soybean meal or combinations of corn gluten meal and blood meal.
PubMed:Evaluation of corn gluten feed in the diets of laying hens.
PubMed:Antibody response reveal differences in oral tolerance to wheat and maize grain protein fractions.
PubMed:Characteristic effect of soy and rice protein on cholesterol metabolism in rats.
PubMed:Corn gluten meal and blood meal mixture for dairy cows in midlactation.
PubMed:Protein digestion in weanling pigs: effect of dietary protein source.
PubMed:Production responses of dairy cows fed various amounts of rumen-protected methionine and lysine.
PubMed:Effects of dry corn gluten feed on feedlot cattle performance and fiber digestibility.
PubMed:Evaluation of soybean meal, corn gluten meal, blood meal and fish meal as sources of nitrogen and amino acids disappearing from the small intestine of steers.
PubMed:Nutritional value of wet corn gluten feed for sheep and lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Growth performance and carcass composition of turkey hens fed corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Wet corn gluten feed as a supplement for lactating dairy cattle and growing heifers.
PubMed:Effects of corn gluten feed on forage intake, digestibility and ruminal parameters of cattle fed native grass hay.
PubMed:Use of a four-parameter logistic model to evaluate the protein quality of mixtures of Mormon cricket meal and corn gluten meal in rats.
PubMed:[The efficiency of and requirements for selected amino acids in growing female pigs. 3. Threonine].
PubMed:Dietary protein supplementation. Fundamentals and examples of practical application.
PubMed:Malt sprouts as a source of supplemental protein for ruminants.
PubMed:Nitrogen balance and amino acid disappearance from the small intestine in calves fed soybean meal-, toasted soybean meal- or corn gluten meal-supplemented diets.
PubMed:Relationship between amino acid composition of diet and plasma cholesterol level in growing rats fed a high cholesterol diet.
PubMed:Protein supplementation of ammoniated roughages. III. Corncobs supplemented with a blood meal-corn gluten meal mixture--steer studies.
PubMed:Nucleotide sequence of a B1 hordein gene and the identification of possible upstream regulatory elements in endosperm storage protein genes from barley, wheat and maize.
PubMed:Protein sources evaluated for ruminating Holstein calves.
PubMed:Nucleic acid (cDNA) and amino acid sequences of the maize endosperm protein glutelin-2.
PubMed:[Comparative studies of partial amino acid sequences of prolamins and glutelins from various cereals. VI. Anion exchange chromatography of peptide fractions obtained by cation exchange chromatography].
PubMed:[Gluten-sensitive enteropathy--in the light of new clinical and pathogenetic aspects].
PubMed:Evaluation of slowly degraded proteins: dehydrated alfalfa and corn gluten meal.
PubMed:Separation of cereal proteins by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Requirement for dietary lysine and arginine by fry of rainbow trout.
PubMed:[Comparative investigations of partial amino acid sequences of prolamines and glutelins from cereals. II. Fractionation of glutelins (author's transl)].
PubMed:Nutritive value of globin-amino acid and complementary globin-cereal mixtures.
PubMed:Availability of selenium in fish meal in comparison with soybean meal, corn gluten meal and selenomethionine relative to selenium in sodiumselenite for restoring glutathione peroxidase activity in selenium-depleted chicks.
PubMed:Relationships between nutritional quality of dietary proteins and hepatic polyribosome profiles in rats.
PubMed:Influence of dietary protein concentration and quality on response to erythropoietin in the polycythaemic rat.
PubMed:The role of various cereals in coeliac disease.
PubMed:Lysine requirement of broilers as influenced by environmental temperatures.
PubMed:Response to dietary nitrogen in ponies.
PubMed:Lysine requirement of hens fed diets with corn as the major cereal grain.
PubMed:The effect of feeding various levels of dietary glycine in a pre-experimental diet to one-day old chicks on their subsequent glycine plus serine requirement.
PubMed:Utilization of proteins by the equine species.
PubMed:Comprehensive evaluation of fatty acids in foods. VI. Cereal products.
PubMed:[Protein utilization of mixed feed rations in lactating pigs with reference to the essential amino acid content of the feed proteins. 2. Report. Utilization of the feed proteins in the use of soy bean extraction residue, waste liquor yeast, horse bean meal fish meal and maize gluten for a basic ration].
PubMed:Labile nitrogen reserves and plasma nitrogen fractions in growing cattle.
PubMed:Labile nitrogen reserves in the ruminant. Metabolic changes in growing cattle employing a nitrogen depletion-repletion treatment.
PubMed:Effect of dietary protein on tyrosine toxicity in the rat.
PubMed:[Wheat protein disulfide reductase].
PubMed:Amino acid bioavailability: a comparative evaluation of several assay techniques.
PubMed:Lysine requirements of starting and growing turkeys.
PubMed:Protein quality for the nonruminant herbivore.
PubMed:Concentrations of amino acids and urea in the plasma of the ruminating calf and estimation of the amino acid requirements.
PubMed:Metabolizable energy value of corn gluten feed.
PubMed:Differential effect of gluten and casein diets on rat liver HMP shunt dehydrogenases.
PubMed:Availability of sulfur amino acids in corn and corn gluten meal for growing chicks.
PubMed:The available lysine requirement of 7-9 week old male broiler chicks.
PubMed:Subjective and colorimetric evaluation of the xanthophyll utilization of natural and synthetic pigments in broiler diets.
PubMed:Effect of source of supplemental nitrogen and level of nitrate on feedlot performance and vitamin A metabolism of fattening beef calves.
PubMed:Use of heat to saponify xanthophyll esters and speed analysis for carotenoids in feed materials: collaborative study.
PubMed:Abomasal and blood plasma nitrogen constituents of wethers fed corn gluten and fish meal supplemented semipurified diets.
PubMed:Biological availability of fat-soluble vitamins: vitamin A and carotene.
PubMed:[Influence of food protein quality on hydrolases in the digestive tract. 8. Relationship between body mass and proteolytic activity in small intestinal mucosa in growing rats].
PubMed:[Effect of the quality of food protein on hydrolases of the digestive tract. 7. Effect of the quality of food protein on the electrophoretic heterogeneity of the amino acid arylamidase of the small intestine mucosa in rats].
PubMed:Corn gluten feed in swine diets and effect of pelleting on tryptophan availability to pigs and rats.
PubMed:[Effect of food protein quality on hydrolases in the digestive tract. 6. Effect of the amino acid pattern of dietary proteins on the autolytic capacity of the small intestine mucosa in the rat].
PubMed:[Changes in enzymes of the intestinal tract under the effect of various levels of amino acids in the food].
PubMed:[Effect of food protein quality on hydrolases in the digestive tract. 4. Dependency of the proteolytic activity in the small intestine mucosa on the biological value of food protein].
PubMed:[Effect of food protein quality on hydrolases in the digestive tract. 5. Effect of the amino acid patern on selected peptidases and on the oxygen uptake (Q02) by the small intestine mucosa of the rat].
PubMed:Vitamin A activity of corn carotenes for swine.
PubMed:Effects of types and levels of carbohydrates and proteins on carcass composition of adult rats.
PubMed:Laboratory research in food allergy. I. Food allergens.
PubMed:[Use of gluten as the source of nitrogen for the griseofulvin producer].
PubMed:Effect of soybean meal, raw soybeans, corn gluten feed, and urea on the concentration of rumen fluid components at intervals after feeding.
PubMed:Evaluation of maize gluten meal as a protein source in egg production with and without supplements of L-lysine and DL-methionine.
tsca definition 2008: the dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ and the separation of the bran in the wet-milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm.
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