artemisia dracunculus
None found
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Name: artemisia dracunculus l.
FDA internal no.: 977052-32-6 
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 3043  tarragon
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Specific Food Labeling Requirements
Sec. 101.22 Foods; labeling of spices, flavorings, colorings and chemical preservatives.

Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.10 Spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings.
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
Taste Description:
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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American Natural & Organic Spices
Tarragon, Available as 100% Certified Organic
Flavor: characteristic
Tarragon is an aromatic herb which grows to a height up to one meter. It is raised by division of roots in March or April. There are two different kinds of tarragon in the market Russian and French. We cultivate and trade just the French variety which has an excellent flavour and high content of essential oil.
Bristol Botanicals
Tarragon leaf Artemisia dracunculus
Doug Jeffords Company
Tarragon Leaves
Elite Spice
Fuchs North America
Mountain Valley Growers
Artemisia dracanculus sativus French Tarragon
SupHerb Farms
Tarragon Large
Fresh Frozen
Whole Herb
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
Recommendation for tarragon usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -20.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -23.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -260.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 artemisia dracunculus l.
Chemidplus: 0977052326
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 artemisia dracunculus l.
Pubchem (sid): 135277888
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
Search Trop  Picture
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 artemisia aromatica
 artemisia dracunculina
 artemisia dracunculoides
 artemisia dracunculoides var. dracunculina
 artemisia dracunculus
 artemisia dracunculus subsp. dracunculina
 artemisia glauca
 artemisia glauca var. megacephala
 oligosporus dracunculus
 tarragon large
 tarragon, available as 100% certified organic
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PubMed: Artemisia dracunculus L. extract ameliorates insulin sensitivity by attenuating inflammatory signalling in human skeletal muscle culture.
J-Stage: Effective Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Inhibitors Isolated from Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
J-Stage: Melanin Biosynthesis Inhibitors from Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus
PubMed: Chemical characterization by GC-MS and in vitro activity against Candida albicans of volatile fractions prepared from Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia abrotanum, Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus).
PubMed: An extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. inhibits ubiquitin-proteasome activity and preserves skeletal muscle mass in a murine model of diabetes.
PubMed: Toxicological and mutagenic analysis of Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon) extract.
PubMed: LC-PDA-ESI/MS identification of the phenolic components of three compositae spices: chamomile, tarragon, and Mexican arnica.
PubMed: Essential oil of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in culture media and Iranian white cheese.
PubMed: Effective cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibitors isolated from tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus).
PubMed: Proteomic analysis reveals cellular pathways regulating carbohydrate metabolism that are modulated in primary human skeletal muscle culture due to treatment with bioactives from Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Bioactives of Artemisia dracunculus L. mitigate the role of ceramides in attenuating insulin signaling in rat skeletal muscle cells.
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of two different Artemisia dracunculus L. cultivars for blood sugar lowering effects in rats.
PubMed: Artemisia dracunculus L. (tarragon): a critical review of its traditional use, chemical composition, pharmacology, and safety.
PubMed: Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors from Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Qualitative variation of anti-diabetic compounds in different tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.) cytotypes.
PubMed: Evaluation of PMI-5011, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L., on peripheral neuropathy in streptozotocin-diabetic mice.
PubMed: Chemical composition of bioactive pressurized extracts of Romanian aromatic plants.
PubMed: Survey of artemisinin production by diverse Artemisia species in northern Pakistan.
PubMed: An extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. enhances insulin receptor signaling and modulates gene expression in skeletal muscle in KK-A(y) mice.
PubMed: Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.
PubMed: High-fat diet-induced neuropathy of prediabetes and obesity: effect of PMI-5011, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Nematicidal activity of essential oils and volatiles derived from Portuguese aromatic flora against the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.
PubMed: Regulation of insulin action by an extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. in primary human skeletal muscle culture: a proteomics approach.
PubMed: Efficient synthesis of flavanone glucuronides.
PubMed: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and chemical composition of commercial essential oils.
PubMed: Improved absorption and bioactivity of active compounds from an anti-diabetic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran.
PubMed: Bioactives of Artemisia dracunculus L enhance cellular insulin signaling in primary human skeletal muscle culture.
PubMed: Efficacy of dietary supplementation with botanicals on carbohydrate metabolism in humans.
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia essential oils.
PubMed: Botanicals and the metabolic syndrome.
PubMed: Comparative effects of Artemisia dracunculus, Satureja hortensis and Origanum majorana on inhibition of blood platelet adhesion, aggregation and secretion.
PubMed: Inhibition of blood platelet adhesion, aggregation and secretion by Artemisia dracunculus leaves extracts.
PubMed: Polyphenolic compounds from Artemisia dracunculus L. inhibit PEPCK gene expression and gluconeogenesis in an H4IIE hepatoma cell line.
PubMed: A source of almost pure methyl chavicol: volatile oil from the aerial parts of Tagetes lucida (Asteraceae) cultivated in Costa Rica.
PubMed: A TLC bioautographic assay for the detection of nitrofurantoin resistance reversal compound.
PubMed: Composition of the volatile fraction of Ocotea bofo Kunth (Lauraceae) calyces by GC-MS and NMR fingerprinting and its antimicrobial and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Screening antimicrobial activity of various extracts of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Antihyperglycemic activity of Tarralin, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Bioassay-guided isolation of aldose reductase inhibitors from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Determination of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus and of the antifungal and antibacterial activities of Turkish Artemisia absinthium, A. dracunculus, Artemisia santonicum, and Artemisia spicigera essential oils.
PubMed: [Occupational allergy to mugwort].
PubMed: Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus].
PubMed: Anticonvulsant activity and chemical composition of Artemisia dracunculus L. essential oil.
PubMed: Toxicological evaluation of the ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. for use as a dietary supplement and in functional foods.
PubMed: Antifungal 3-butylisocoumarins from Asteraceae-Anthemideae.
PubMed: Antifungal constituents of the essential oil fraction of Artemisia dracunculus L. Var. dracunculus.
PubMed: Alkamides from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Evidence for an NIH shift as the origin of the apparently anomalous distribution of deuterium in estragole from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Identification of benzodiazepines in Artemisia dracunculus and Solanum tuberosum rationalizing their endogenous formation in plant tissue.
PubMed: Acetylenes and Other Constituents from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Studies on the genotoxic properties of essential oils with Bacillus subtilis rec-assay and Salmonella/microsome reversion assay.
PubMed: Evaluation of traditional plant treatments for diabetes: studies in streptozotocin diabetic mice.
PubMed: Natural inhibitors of complement. III. Inactivation of the complement cascade in vitro by vegetal spices (Ocimum basilicum, Artemisia dracunculus and Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed: A study of four medicinal plant complexes of Mexico and adjacent United States.
PubMed: [Studies on the accumulation and composition of the volatile oils of Satureja hortensis L., Satureja montana L. and Artemisia dracunculus L. during ontogenesis. 2. Changes in the content and composition of the volatile oil].
PubMed: [Studies on the accumulation and composition of volatile oils in Satureja hortensis L., Satureja montana L. and Artemisia dracunculus L. during ontogenesis. 1. Review of literature, thin-layer and gas-chromatographic studies].
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