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pinus sylvestris leaf extract
extract of the needles of the scotch pine, pinus sylvestris l., pinaceae

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Name:pinus sylvestris l. leaf extract
CAS Number: 84012-35-1
ECHA EC Number:281-679-2
FDA UNII: Search
Name:pinus sylvestris l. extract
CAS Number: 94266-48-5
ECHA EC Number:304-455-9
FDA UNII: Search
Category:cosmetic and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: tonic
SRS Aromatics
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
cosmetic and fragrance agents
RIFM Fragrance Material Safety Assessment: Search
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
IFRA Critical Effect:
Dermal sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 10 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Essential oils (e.g. turpentine oil) and isolates (e.g. delta-3-carene) derived from the Pinacea family, including Pinus and Abies genera, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practicable level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 10 millimoles peroxide per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
 View the IFRA Standard
Recommendation for pinus sylvestris leaf extract flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
Daily Med:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
pinus sylvestris l. leaf extract
pinus sylvestris l. extract
 pinus sylvestris l. leaf extract
Canada Domestic Sub. List:84012-35-1
Pubchem (sid):135323007
 pinus sylvestris l. extract
Canada Domestic Sub. List:94266-48-5
Pubchem (sid):135349991
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:1302.19.0000
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 pinus sylvestris leaf
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PubMed:The role of defoliation and root rot pathogen infection in driving the mode of drought-related physiological decline in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.).
PubMed:Trait-specific responses of Scots pine to irrigation on a short vs long time scale.
PubMed:Biogeographic variation in evergreen conifer needle longevity and impacts on boreal forest carbon cycle projections.
PubMed:Dynamics of leaf gas exchange, xylem and phloem transport, water potential and carbohydrate concentration in a realistic 3-D model tree crown.
PubMed:Intraspecific variability in functional traits matters: case study of Scots pine.
PubMed:Nitrogen-addition effects on leaf traits and photosynthetic carbon gain of boreal forest understory shrubs.
PubMed:Accumulation of particulate matter and trace elements on vegetation as affected by pollution level, rainfall and the passage of time.
PubMed:Structural adjustments in resprouting trees drive differences in post-fire transpiration.
PubMed:Long-term temporal changes in central European tree phenology (1946-2010) confirm the recent extension of growing seasons.
PubMed:Mixing effects of understory plant litter on decomposition and nutrient release of tree litter in two plantations in Northeast China.
PubMed:Growth and stable isotope signals associated with drought-related mortality in saplings of two coexisting pine species.
PubMed:The oxygen isotope enrichment of leaf-exported assimilates--does it always reflect lamina leaf water enrichment?
PubMed:Effects of species-specific leaf characteristics and reduced water availability on fine particle capture efficiency of trees.
PubMed:[Physiological characteristics of Pinus densiflora var. zhangwuensis and Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica seedlings on sandy lands under salt-alkali stresses].
PubMed:Drought-induced defoliation and long periods of near-zero gas exchange play a key role in accentuating metabolic decline of Scots pine.
PubMed:Needle removal by pine sawfly larvae increases branch-level VOC emissions and reduces below-ground emissions of Scots pine.
PubMed:Taxonomic identification of mediterranean pines and their hybrids based on the high resolution melting (HRM) and trnL approaches: from cytoplasmic inheritance to timber tracing.
PubMed:Synergistic, additive and antagonistic impacts of drought and herbivory on Pinus sylvestris: leaf, tissue and whole-plant responses and recovery.
PubMed:Forest floor leachate fluxes under six different tree species on a metal contaminated site.
PubMed:[Needles stable carbon isotope composition and traits of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica in sparse wood grassland in south edge of Keerqin Sandy Land under the conditions of different precipitation].
PubMed:Assimilate transport in phloem sets conditions for leaf gas exchange.
PubMed:Comparing the intra-annual wood formation of three European species (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Pinus sylvestris) as related to leaf phenology and non-structural carbohydrate dynamics.
PubMed:Plant species differences in particulate matter accumulation on leaf surfaces.
PubMed:Modeling forest stand dynamics from optimal balances of carbon and nitrogen.
PubMed:In vivo quantification of cell coupling in plants with different phloem-loading strategies.
PubMed:Pine and mistletoes: how to live with a leak in the water flow and storage system?
PubMed:Cavitation induced by a surfactant leads to a transient release of water stress and subsequent 'run away' embolism in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) seedlings.
PubMed:Manipulation of VOC emissions with methyl jasmonate and carrageenan in the evergreen conifer Pinus sylvestris and evergreen broadleaf Quercus ilex.
PubMed:A high-resolution portrait of the annual dynamics of photochemical and non-photochemical quenching in needles of Pinus sylvestris.
PubMed:Carbon reserves and canopy defoliation determine the recovery of Scots pine 4 yr after a drought episode.
PubMed:The effect of tree architecture on conduit diameter and frequency from small distal roots to branch tips in Betula pendula, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris.
PubMed:Effect of irrigation on needle morphology, shoot and stem growth in a drought-exposed Pinus sylvestris forest.
PubMed:Hydraulic adjustment of Scots pine across Europe.
PubMed:Tracing carbon and oxygen isotope signals from newly assimilated sugars in the leaves to the tree-ring archive.
PubMed:[Relationships between phosphorus fractions concentrations in Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica needles and soil available phosphorus].
PubMed:Temporal dynamics of the carbon isotope composition in a Pinus sylvestris stand: from newly assimilated organic carbon to respired carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Diversity of predominant endophytic bacteria in European deciduous and coniferous trees.
PubMed:A new monitoring PAM fluorometer (MONI-PAM) to study the short- and long-term acclimation of photosystem II in field conditions.
PubMed:Persisting soil drought reduces leaf specific conductivity in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and pubescent oak (Quercus pubescens).
PubMed:Predicting the decline in daily maximum transpiration rate of two pine stands during drought based on constant minimum leaf water potential and plant hydraulic conductance.
PubMed:Stored water use and transpiration in Scots pine: a modeling analysis with ANAFORE.
PubMed:Stomatal regulation by microclimate and tree water relations: interpreting ecophysiological field data with a hydraulic plant model.
PubMed:Six-year time course of light-use efficiency, carbon gain and growth of beech saplings (Fagus sylvatica) planted under a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) shelterwood.
PubMed:Plasticity in hydraulic architecture of Scots pine across Eurasia.
PubMed:Evaporative enrichment and time lags between delta18O of leaf water and organic pools in a pine stand.
PubMed:Assessing environmental and physiological controls over water relations in a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stand through analyses of stable isotope composition of water and organic matter.
PubMed:Plant size, not age, regulates growth and gas exchange in grafted Scots pine trees.
PubMed:Tree species effects on decomposition and forest floor dynamics in a common garden.
PubMed:Functional traits and plasticity in response to light in seedlings of four Iberian forest tree species.
PubMed:The role of below-ground competition during early stages of secondary succession: the case of 3-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings in an abandoned grassland.
PubMed:Using ergodic theory to assess the performance of ecosystem models.
PubMed:[Major features of decline of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica plantation on sandy land].
PubMed:Allometry and evaluation of in situ optical LAI determination in Scots pine: a case study in Belgium.
PubMed:Chitosan (biochikol 020 PC) in the control of some ornamental foliage diseases.
PubMed:Avoidance of nonhost plants by a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in a forest of odors.
PubMed:Container-grown tree seedling responses to sodium chloride applications in different substrates.
PubMed:Nutrient conservation increases with latitude of origin in European Pinus sylvestris populations.
PubMed:Photosynthetic utilization efficiency of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation by Scots pine and birch forest stands in the southern Taiga.
PubMed:Effects of season, needle age and elevated atmospheric CO(2) on photosynthesis in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).
PubMed:Seasonal variations in leaf area index, leaf chlorophyll, and water content; scaling-up to estimate fAPAR and carbon balance in a multilayer, multispecies temperate forest.
PubMed:Biochemical acclimation patterns of Betula pendula and Pinus sylvestris seedlings to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations.
PubMed:Impact of needle age on the response of respiration in Scots pine to long-term elevation of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature.
PubMed:Canopy stomatal conductance and xylem sap abscisic acid (ABA) in mature Scots pine during a gradually imposed drought.
PubMed:Site fertility and the morphological and photosynthetic acclimation of Pinus sylvestris needles to light.
PubMed:Effects of climatic warming on cold hardiness of some northern woody plants assessed from simulation experiments.
PubMed:Strategies of a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in an olfactory landscape.
PubMed:Air-pollutant dispersal patterns and vegetation damage in the vicinity of three aluminium smelters in Norway.
PubMed:Photosynthetic responses to needle water potentials in Scots pine after a four-year exposure to elevated CO(2) and temperature.
PubMed:Effects of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) litter on seed germination and early seedling growth of four boreal tree species.
PubMed:Hydraulic conductance, light interception and needle nutrient concentration in Scots pine stands and their relations with net primary productivity.
PubMed:Response of LAI-2000 estimates to changes in plant surface area index in a Scots pine stand.
PubMed:Climate influences the leaf area/sapwood area ratio in Scots pine.
PubMed:Performance of the LAI-2000 plant canopy analyzer in estimating leaf area index of some Scots pine stands.
PubMed:Control of the appearance of alanine aminotransferase in the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedling.
PubMed:Light and temperature dependent inhibition of photosynthesis in frost-hardened and un-hardened seedlings of pine.
PubMed:Regional variation in surface properties of Norway spruce and scots pine needles in relation to forest decline.
PubMed:Changes in carbon allocation patterns in spruce and pine trees following irrigation and fertilization.
PubMed:Stomatal responses to humidity in selected conifers.
PubMed:Photoperiodic control of leaf growth and cambial activity in Pinus sylvestris.
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