EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

creatine
N-[amino(imino)methyl]-N-methylglycine

Supplier Sponsors

Name:2-[carbamimidoyl(methyl)amino]acetic acid
CAS Number: 57-00-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-306-6
FDA UNII:MU72812GK0
Nikkaji Web:J9.321A
Beilstein Number:907175
MDL:MFCD00004282
XlogP3-AA:-1.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:131.13513000
Formula:C4 H9 N3 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:special dietary and nutritional additives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 303.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 271.00 to 272.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure:0.002000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 245.00 °F. TCC ( 118.10 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -1.258 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1.33E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Atlantic Chemicals
Creatine
Glentham Life Sciences
Creatine, anhydrous
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Creatine anhydrous
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category:
special dietary and nutritional additives
Recommendation for creatine usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for creatine flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Creatine in combination with resistance training and improvement in muscle strength: evaluation of a health claim pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):57-00-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :586
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
2-[carbamimidoyl(methyl)amino]acetic acid
Chemidplus:0000057001
 
References:
 2-[carbamimidoyl(methyl)amino]acetic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:57-00-1
Pubchem (cid):586
Pubchem (sid):134970539
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00300
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00064
FooDB:FDB005403
Export Tariff Code:2925.20.5000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
MedlinePlusSupp:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple shoot
Search Trop Picture
 apple stem
Search Trop Picture
 loquat shoot
Search Trop Picture
 loquat stem
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
2-(amidinomethylamino)acetic acid
N-amidinosarcosine
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetate
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid
N-[amino(imino)methyl]-N-methylglycine
[[amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetate
[[amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetic acid
N-(aminoiminomethyl)-n-methyl-glycine
N-(aminoiminomethyl)-N-methylglycine
N-carbamimidoyl-N-methylglycine
2-[carbamimidoyl(methyl)amino]acetic acid
 glycine, N-(aminoiminomethyl)-N-methyl-
 kreatin
 krebiozon
N-methyl-N-guanylglycine
(N-methylcarbamimidamido)acetic acid
2-(1-methylguanidino)acetic acid
(a-methylguanido)acetate
(a-methylguanido)acetic acid
(alpha-methylguanido)acetic acid
 methylguanidoacetic acid
 pyrolysate
 

Articles:

PubMed:The effects of six weeks of supplementation with multi-ingredient performance supplements and resistance training on anabolic hormones, body composition, strength, and power in resistance-trained men.
PubMed:Genetic parameters for carnitine, creatine, creatinine, carnosine, and anserine concentration in longissimus muscle and their association with palatability traits in Angus cattle.
PubMed:Quantifying the effects of genetic selection and genetic variation for body size, carcass composition, and meat quality in the domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus).
PubMed:A meat and potato war: implications for cancer etiology.
PubMed:Influence of rearing conditions on performance, behavioral, and physiological responses of pigs to preslaughter handling, carcass traits, and meat quality.
PubMed:Acute heat stress-induced alterations in blood acid-base status and skeletal muscle membrane integrity in broiler chickens at two ages: implications for meat quality.
PubMed:Quality factors in beef, pork, and lamb cooked by microwaves.
PubMed:The Yo-Yo IE2 Test: Physiological Response for Untrained Men vs Trained Soccer Players.
PubMed:Benefits of different urea supplementation methods on the production performances of Merino sheep.
PubMed:Analysing the effects of frozen storage and processing on the metabolite profile of raw mullet roes using (1)H NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Effects of betaine on performance and body composition: a review of recent findings and potential mechanisms.
PubMed:Avocado oil supplementation modifies cardiovascular risk profile markers in a rat model of sucrose-induced metabolic changes.
PubMed:Angelica sinensis improves exercise performance and protects against physical fatigue in trained mice.
PubMed:Dietary deprivation of each essential amino acid induces differential systemic adaptive responses in mice.
PubMed:Dietary Supplements for Aquatic Sports.
PubMed:Effects of methionine supplementation on the redox state of acute heat stress-exposed quails.
PubMed:Food withdrawal lowers energy expenditure and induces inactivity in long-chain fatty acid oxidation-deficient mouse models.
PubMed:Decreased Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of L-Carnitine in Non-Apolipoprotein E4 Carriers at Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease.
PubMed:Transportation stress and the incidence of exertional rhabdomyolysis in emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae).
PubMed:Brown Norway chromosome 1 congenic reduces symptoms of renal disease in fatty Zucker rats.
PubMed:Agaricus brasiliensis KA21 improves circulatory functions in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:High-Intensity Exercise May Compromise Renal Morphology in Rats.
PubMed:Infective endocarditis initially presenting with a dermatomyositis-like syndrome.
PubMed:Myocardial mitochondrial oxidative stress and dysfunction in intense exercise: regulatory effects of quercetin.
PubMed:Stability of creatine derivatives during simulated digestion in an in vitro model.
PubMed:Novel insights on interactions between folate and lipid metabolism.
PubMed:Eugenia jambolana pretreatment prevents isoproterenol-induced myocardial damage in rats: evidence from biochemical, molecular, and histopathological studies.
PubMed:Comment on "Toxic hepatitis in a group of 20 male body-builders taking dietary supplements" by Timcheh-Hariri et al. (2012), Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 3826-3832: alleged adverse effects of creatine supplementation and the lack of appreciation of the wide gap between experimental and clinical studies.
PubMed:Dietary safety of cycloastragenol from Astragalus spp.: subchronic toxicity and genotoxicity studies.
PubMed:Safety of dietary conjugated α-linolenic acid (CLNA) in a neonatal pig model.
PubMed:Brain creatine depletion in vegetarians? A cross-sectional ¹H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H-MRS) study.
PubMed:EFFECTS OF AMINO ACID DERIVATIVES ON PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES.
PubMed:The α' subunit of β-conglycinin and the A1-5 subunits of glycinin are not essential for many hypolipidemic actions of dietary soy proteins in rats.
PubMed:Bioactivity assessment and toxicity of crocin: a comprehensive review.
PubMed:Alanyl-glutamine and glutamine plus alanine supplements improve skeletal redox status in trained rats: involvement of heat shock protein pathways.
PubMed:¹H NMR-based metabolomics studies on the effect of sesamin in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
PubMed:Safety assessment of consumption of glabrous canary seed (Phalaris canariensis L.) in rats.
PubMed:Identification of parvalbumin and two new thermolabile major allergens of Thunnus tonggol using a proteomics approach.
PubMed:Differential response of heat shock proteins to uphill and downhill exercise in heart, skeletal muscle, lung and kidney tissues.
PubMed:A detailed epidemiological and clinical description of 6 human cases of avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus infection in Shanghai.
PubMed:Nutri-metabolomics: subtle serum metabolic differences in healthy subjects by NMR-based metabolomics after a short-term nutritional intervention with two tomato sauces.
PubMed:Effects of 8 weeks of Xpand® 2X pre workout supplementation on skeletal muscle hypertrophy, lean body mass, and strength in resistance trained males.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation associated or not with strength training upon emotional and cognitive measures in older women: a randomized double-blind study.
PubMed:Mitochondrial cumulative damage induced by mitoxantrone: late onset cardiac energetic impairment.
PubMed:Subchronic toxicity study of ulvan from Ulva pertusa (Chlorophyta) in Wistar rats.
PubMed:From biomarkers to medical tests: the changing landscape of test evaluation.
PubMed:Impact of geographical region on urinary metabolomic and plasma fatty acid profiles in subjects with the metabolic syndrome across Europe: the LIPGENE study.
PubMed:Anti-fatigue activity of polysaccharides from the fruits of four Tibetan plateau indigenous medicinal plants.
PubMed:Dietary trans fats enhance doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:Magnesium status and the physical performance of volleyball players: effects of magnesium supplementation.
PubMed:Physiological adaptations to prolonged fasting in the overwintering striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis).
PubMed:Metabolite profile analysis reveals functional effects of 28-day vitamin B-6 restriction on one-carbon metabolism and tryptophan catabolic pathways in healthy men and women.
PubMed:Chronic treatment with coenzyme Q10 reverses restraint stress-induced anhedonia and enhances brain mitochondrial respiratory chain and creatine kinase activities in rats.
PubMed:Hypothalamic plasticity of neuropeptide Y is lacking in brain-type creatine kinase double knockout mice with defective thermoregulation.
PubMed:Protective effect of total phenylethanoid glycosides from Monochasma savatieri Franch on myocardial ischemia injury.
PubMed:Immunostimulatory activity of polysaccharides from Cheonggukjang.
PubMed:Cristalius: a case in designer drugs.
PubMed:Recent advances in the application of metabolomics to Alzheimer's Disease.
PubMed:A combined natural supplement lowers LDL cholesterol in subjects with moderate untreated hypercholesterolemia: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
PubMed:Food, nutrigenomics, and neurodegeneration--neuroprotection by what you eat!
PubMed:First mass spectrometry metabolic fingerprinting of bacterial metabolism in a model cheese.
PubMed:Short-term high-intensity interval exercise training attenuates oxidative stress responses and improves antioxidant status in healthy humans.
PubMed:Use of dietary supplementation with β-guanidinopropionic acid to alter the muscle phosphagen system, postmortem metabolism, and pork quality.
PubMed:Why do hypertensive patients of African ancestry respond better to calcium blockers and diuretics than to ACE inhibitors and β-adrenergic blockers? A systematic review.
PubMed:The effect of vitamin C and e supplementation on muscle damage and oxidative stress in female athletes: a clinical trial.
PubMed:The effect of Nigella sativa Linn. seed on memory, attention and cognition in healthy human volunteers.
PubMed:Microbial-mammalian cometabolites dominate the age-associated urinary metabolic phenotype in Taiwanese and American populations.
PubMed:Influence of different amounts and sources of selenium supplementation on performance, some blood parameters, and nutrient digestibility in lambs.
PubMed:Identification of seafood as an important dietary source of heterocyclic amines by chemometry and chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Vitamin D3 supplementation modulates inflammatory responses from the muscle damage induced by high-intensity exercise in SD rats.
PubMed:Nano-titanium dioxide induced cardiac injury in rat under oxidative stress.
PubMed:Vigna unguiculata modulates cholesterol induced cardiac markers, genotoxicity and gene expressions profile in an experimental rabbit model.
PubMed:1H-HRMAS NMR study of cold smoked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) treated with E-beam.
PubMed:Influence of social dominance on production, welfare and the quality of meat from beef bulls.
PubMed:Resveratrol protects against physical fatigue and improves exercise performance in mice.
PubMed:Variability in the contents of pork meat nutrients and how it may affect food composition databases.
PubMed:Specific nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity of BT-CAL®, Sigma Anti-bonding Molecule Calcium Carbonate, in mice.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation in fibromyalgia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
PubMed:Biomarkers of food intake and metabolite differences between plasma and red blood cell matrices; a human metabolomic profile approach.
PubMed:Blood antioxidant and oxidative stress biomarkers acute responses to a 1000-m kayak sprint in elite male kayakers.
PubMed:Differential phosphoproteome of the striatum from pleiotrophin knockout and midkine knockout mice treated with amphetamine: correlations with amphetamine-induced neurotoxicity.
PubMed:[Effects of fatty acids on proliferation and differentiation of myoblast].
PubMed:Identification of a vibration regime favorable for bone healing and muscle in estrogen-deficient rats.
PubMed:Effects of oat β-glucan on endurance exercise and its anti-fatigue properties in trained rats.
PubMed:Determination of tenuazonic acid in human urine by means of a stable isotope dilution assay.
PubMed:Monascus-fermented yellow pigments monascin and ankaflavin showed antiobesity effect via the suppression of differentiation and lipogenesis in obese rats fed a high-fat diet.
PubMed:Co-administration of methyl donors along with guanidinoacetic acid reduces the incidence of hyperhomocysteinaemia compared with guanidinoacetic acid administration alone.
PubMed:Diet-induced hyperinsulinemia differentially affects glucose and protein metabolism: a high-throughput metabolomic approach in rats.
PubMed:Does quercetin and vitamin C improve exercise performance, muscle damage, and body composition in male athletes?
PubMed:(-) Epicatechin attenuates mitochondrial damage by enhancing mitochondrial multi-marker enzymes, adenosine triphosphate and lowering calcium in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats.
PubMed:Monascin and ankaflavin have more anti-atherosclerosis effect and less side effect involving increasing creatinine phosphokinase activity than monacolin K under the same dosages.
PubMed:Cordyceps sinensis protects against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
PubMed:The effects of six weeks of supplementation with multi-ingredient performance supplements and resistance training on anabolic hormones, body composition, strength, and power in resistance-trained men.
PubMed:Effects of Taraxacum officinale on fatigue and immunological parameters in mice.
PubMed:Controversy over the use of creatine as a safe dietary supplement.
PubMed:Comment on "toxic hepatitis in a group of 20 male body-builders taking dietary supplements" by.
PubMed:Proteomic analysis of processing by-products from canned and fresh tuna: identification of potentially functional food proteins.
PubMed:Citrus peel polymethoxylated flavones extract modulates liver and heart function parameters in diet induced hypercholesterolemic rats.
PubMed:Iodine deficiency among Belgian pregnant women not fully corrected by iodine-containing multivitamins: a national cross-sectional survey.
PubMed:Evaluation of the impacts of spaying by either the dropped ovary technique or ovariectomy via flank laparotomy on the welfare of Bos indicus beef heifers and cows.
PubMed:Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) fruit extract improves physical fatigue and exercise performance in mice.
PubMed:Pharmacological activation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex reduces statin-mediated upregulation of FOXO gene targets and protects against statin myopathy in rodents.
PubMed:Behavioural and physiological measures following treadmill exercise as potential indicators to evaluate fatigue in sheep.
PubMed:The contribution of diet to total bisphenol A body burden in humans: results of a 48 hour fasting study.
PubMed:Assessment of the association between colchicine therapy and serious adverse events.
PubMed:Proteomic evaluation of myofibrillar carbonylation in chilled fish mince and its inhibition by catechin.
PubMed:Reduction of Na+, K+-ATPase activity and expression in cerebral cortex of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficient mice: a possible mechanism for brain injury in glutaric aciduria type I.
PubMed:Effects of trailer design on animal welfare parameters and carcass and meat quality of three Pietrain crosses being transported over a long distance.
PubMed:Protective effects of sinapic acid on lysosomal dysfunction in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats.
PubMed:Nutritional pork meat compounds as affected by ham dry-curing.
PubMed:Effect of ursolic acid on cardiac marker enzymes, lipid profile and macroscopic enzyme mapping assay in isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemic rats.
PubMed:Kinetic studies on the inhibition of creatine kinase activity by 3-butyl-1-phenyl-2-(phenyltelluro)oct-en-1-one in the cerebral cortex of rats.
PubMed:Maslinic acid protects against isoproterenol-induced cardiotoxicity in albino Wistar rats.
PubMed:Turbinaria conoides (J. Agardh) sulfated polysaccharide protects rat's heart against myocardial injury.
PubMed:Acute and chronic disease associated with naturally occurring T-2 mycotoxicosis in sheep.
PubMed:Toxic hepatitis in a group of 20 male body-builders taking dietary supplements.
PubMed:[A case of rhabdomyolysis caused by saw palmetto of healthy foods].
PubMed:Serum chemistry and antibodies against pathogens in antarctic fur seals, Weddell seals, crabeater seals, and Ross seals.
PubMed:Natural versus commercial carbohydrate supplementation and endurance running performance.
PubMed:Leucine induces myofibrillar protein accretion in cultured skeletal muscle through mTOR dependent and -independent control of myosin heavy chain mRNA levels.
PubMed:Toxicological evaluation of chronic exposure to the organochalcogen 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-(phenylseleno)oct-2-en-1-one in male rats.
PubMed:Ameliorative effect of α-tocopherol on monosodium glutamate-induced cardiac histological alterations and oxidative stress.
PubMed:Chronic acetyl-L-carnitine alters brain energy metabolism and increases noradrenaline and serotonin content in healthy mice.
PubMed:Modifications of the 1H NMR metabolite profile of processed mullet (Mugil cephalus) roes under different storage conditions.
PubMed:Nutrient-derived dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer: a factor analysis in Uruguay.
PubMed:Cardioprotective effect of total paeony glycosides against isoprenaline-induced myocardial ischemia in rats.
PubMed:Periprocedural myocardial infarction in a randomized trial of everolimus-eluting and Paclitaxel-eluting coronary stents: frequency and impact on mortality according to historic versus universal definitions.
PubMed:High sodium intake adversely affects oxidative-inflammatory response, cardiac remodelling and mortality after myocardial infarction.
PubMed:Long-term administration of fasudil improves cardiomyopathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed:Rhythmic 24-hour variations of frequently used clinical biochemical parameters in healthy young males--the Bispebjerg study of diurnal variations.
PubMed:Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomic analysis of livers from aged rats.
PubMed:Proteomics of muscle-specific beef color stability.
PubMed:Effect of low-protein diet on anthracycline pharmacokinetics and cardiotoxicity.
PubMed:The protective effects of polyphenols from jujube peel (Ziziphus Jujube Mill) on isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemia and aluminum-induced oxidative damage in rats.
PubMed:Effects of microcystin-containing cyanobacterial extract on hematological and biochemical parameters of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).
PubMed:Statin-associated muscular and renal adverse events: data mining of the public version of the FDA adverse event reporting system.
PubMed:Supplementation of Nigella sativa fixed and essential oil mediates potassium bromate induced oxidative stress and multiple organ toxicity.
PubMed:Electrical stimulation affects metabolic enzyme phosphorylation, protease activation, and meat tenderization in beef.
PubMed:Cardioprotective activity of standardized extract of Ficus racemosa stem bark against doxorubicin-induced toxicity.
PubMed:Enhanced exercise-induced muscle damage and muscle protein degradation in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic rats.
PubMed:Candida theae sp. nov., a new anamorphic beverage-associated member of the Lodderomyces clade.
PubMed:Proteomic analysis and differential expression in protein extracted from chicken with a varying growth rate and water-holding capacity.
PubMed:Effect of bacoside extract from Bacopa monniera on physical fatigue induced by forced swimming.
PubMed:Effect of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. sinensis) leaf extract on the swimming endurance and exhaustive exercise-induced oxidative stress of rats.
PubMed:Sulfur amino acid-free diet results in increased glutamate in human midbrain: a pilot magnetic resonance spectroscopic study.
PubMed:Protective effects of apricot kernel oil on myocardium against ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.
PubMed:Effects of chronic caffeine intake and low-intensity exercise on skeletal muscle of Wistar rats.
PubMed:Alpha-lipoic acid protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via multiple target effects.
PubMed:Physiological responses of Australian Merino wethers exposed to high heat load.
PubMed:Monitoring of microbial metabolites and bacterial diversity in beef stored under different packaging conditions.
PubMed:Preventive effects of fasudil on adriamycin-induced cardiomyopathy: possible involvement of inhibition of RhoA/ROCK pathway.
PubMed:[Eating habits of a group of professional volleyball players].
PubMed:Brain energy metabolism is activated after acute and chronic administration of fenproporex in young rats.
PubMed:Weighing the benefits of high-dose simvastatin against the risk of myopathy.
PubMed:Possible biological markers of the time of processing of dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Fish proteins as targets of ferrous-catalyzed oxidation: identification of protein carbonyls by fluorescent labeling on two-dimensional gels and MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Moderate and high intensity sprint exercise induce differential responses in COX4I2 and PDK4 gene expression in Thoroughbred horse skeletal muscle.
PubMed:The association of various speed indices to training responses in Thoroughbred flat racehorses measured with a global positioning and heart rate monitoring system.
PubMed:Leucine-protein supplemented recovery feeding enhances subsequent cycling performance in well-trained men.
PubMed:Proteome changes in the insoluble protein fraction of bovine Longissimus dorsi muscle as a result of low-voltage electrical stimulation.
PubMed:Endosulfan-induced hepatotoxicity is route of exposure independent in rats.
PubMed:Safety evaluations on ethanolic extract of red cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) in mice.
PubMed:Effects of long-term silymarin oral supplementation on the blood biochemical profile of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
PubMed:Serum concentrations and clinical effects of atorvastatin in patients taking grapefruit juice daily.
PubMed:Effect of date seeds on oxidative damage and antioxidant status in vivo.
PubMed:Metabolic syndrome and neurometabolic asymmetry of hippocampus in adult bonnet monkeys.
PubMed:Analysis of the efficacy, safety, and regulatory status of novel forms of creatine.
PubMed:Behavioral, clinical, and pathological characterization of acid metalliferous water toxicity in mallards.
PubMed:Pre-clinical study of 21 approved drugs in the mdx mouse.
PubMed:Creatine in mouse models of neurodegeneration and aging.
PubMed:A NMR-based metabolomic approach for differentiation of hagfish dental and somatic skeletal muscles.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation attenuates hemodynamic and arterial stiffness responses following an acute bout of isokinetic exercise.
PubMed:Influence of intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone on muscle tissue and bone healing in orchiectomized rats or controls.
PubMed:Characterization of allergens isolated from the freshwater fish blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala).
PubMed:Restricted feeding improves postischemic recovery of Langendorff-perfused rat hearts.
PubMed:High-Resolution (1)H Magic Angle Spinning NMR Spectroscopy of Intact Arctic Char (Salvelinus Alpinus) Muscle. Quantitative Analysis of n-3 Fatty Acids, EPA and DHA.
PubMed:Results of a safety initiative for patients on concomitant amiodarone and simvastatin therapy in a Veterans Affairs medical center.
PubMed:[Protective effect of extractive of Dioscorea zingiberensis against ischemia/reperfusion injury in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes].
PubMed:Severe, short-term food restriction improves cardiac function following ischemia/reperfusion in perfused rat hearts.
PubMed:Effects of rested harvesting on muscle metabolite concentrations and K-values in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) fillets during storage at 15 degrees C.
PubMed:An interaction between levodopa and enteral nutrition resulting in neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome and prolonged ICU stay.
PubMed:Alleviation of doxorubicin-induced toxicities by anthocyanin-rich bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) extract in rats and mice.
PubMed:Cytoprotective effects of DL-alpha-lipoic acid or squalene on cyclophosphamide-induced oxidative injury: an experimental study on rat myocardium, testicles and urinary bladder.
PubMed:Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid inhibits skeletal muscle differentiation and GLUT4 expression independently from NF-κB activation.
PubMed:Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the myostatin (MSTN) and muscle creatine kinase (CKM) genes are not associated with elite endurance performance.
PubMed:Attenuation of rotenone-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage and neurotoxicty in Drosophila melanogaster supplemented with creatine.
PubMed:Effect of high-protein feeding on performance and nitrogen balance in female cyclists.
PubMed:NMR-based metabonomic investigation of heat stress in myotubes reveals a time-dependent change in the metabolites.
PubMed:Ischemia-modified albumin in differential diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome without ST elevation and unstable angina pectoris.
PubMed:Rest before slaughter ameliorates pre-slaughter stress-induced increased drip loss but not stress-induced increase in the toughness of pork.
PubMed:Ziconotide for treatment of severe chronic pain.
PubMed:Intake, digestibility and rumen dynamics of neutral detergent fibre in cattle fed low-quality tropical forage and supplemented with nitrogen and/or starch.
PubMed:Creatine and creatinine evolution during the processing of dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Physiological effects of wearing graduated compression stockings during running.
PubMed:The effects of ginseng total saponin, panaxadiol and panaxatriol on ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated rat heart.
PubMed:Post-eccentric exercise blunted hGH response.
PubMed:Creatine-induced activation of antioxidative defence in myotube cultures revealed by explorative NMR-based metabonomics and proteomics.
PubMed:Mass barium carbonate poisoning with fatal outcome, lessons learned: a case series.
PubMed:Safety and pharmacokinetics of NXN-188 after single and multiple doses in five phase I, randomized, double-blind, parallel studies in healthy adult volunteers.
PubMed:[Catatonia in a 14 year-old girl: treatment with clorazepam and carbamazepine, a 10-year follow-up].
PubMed:Novel biomarkers of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol exposure by ultra performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry based metabonomic analysis of rat urine.
PubMed:Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) protects against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in rats.
PubMed:ECT in the treatment of a patient with catatonia: consent and complications.
PubMed:Application of the Margin of Exposure (MOE) approach to substances in food that are genotoxic and carcinogenic: example: CAS No: 105650-23-5 PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine).
PubMed:Mass barium carbonate poisoning with fatal outcome, lessons learned: a case series.
PubMed:Cell damage, antioxidant status, and cortisol levels related to nutrition in ski mountaineering during a two-day race.
PubMed:Stability of blood biochemistry levels in animal model research: effects of storage condition and time.
PubMed:Effects of excess corticosterone on LKB1 and AMPK signaling in rat skeletal muscle.
PubMed:Effects of pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures on metabolomic profiles of rat brain.
PubMed:Antioxidant status, oxidative stress, and damage in elite trained kayakers and canoeists and sedentary controls.
PubMed:[Survey of food poisoning incidents in Japan due to ingestion of marine boxfish and their toxicity].
PubMed:Effects of supplementation with free glutamine and the dipeptide alanyl-glutamine on parameters of muscle damage and inflammation in rats submitted to prolonged exercise.
PubMed:Blueberry fruit polyphenolics suppress oxidative stress-induced skeletal muscle cell damage in vitro.
PubMed:Gender differences in correlates of troponin assay in diagnosis of myocardial infarction.
PubMed:Effects of creatine supplementation during resistance training on myosin heavy chain (MHC) expression in rat skeletal muscle fibers.
PubMed:Antioxidant status, oxidative stress, and damage in elite kayakers after 1 year of training and competition in 2 seasons.
PubMed:An open-label study adding creatine monohydrate to ongoing medical regimens in patients with the fibromyalgia syndrome.
PubMed:Oligopeptides arising from the degradation of creatine kinase in Spanish dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Safety and efficacy of intrathecal ziconotide in the management of severe chronic pain.
PubMed:Studies of acetaminophen and metabolites in urine and their correlations with toxicity using metabolomics.
PubMed:Paradoxical coupling of triglyceride synthesis and fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle overexpressing DGAT1.
PubMed:Myopathy and neuropathy associated with nucleos(t)ide analog therapy for hepatitis B.
PubMed:Antioxidants do not prevent postexercise peroxidation and may delay muscle recovery.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation prevents the inhibition of myogenic differentiation in oxidatively injured C2C12 murine myoblasts.
PubMed:Effect of administration of propofol and xylazine hydrochloride on recovery of horses after four hours of anesthesia with desflurane.
PubMed:Gold electrode incorporating corrole as an ion-channel mimetic sensor for determination of dopamine.
PubMed:Effect of water activity and temperature on the stability of creatine during storage.
PubMed:High-dose lovastatin for acute ischemic stroke: results of the phase I dose escalation neuroprotection with statin therapy for acute recovery trial (NeuSTART).
PubMed:Effect of methimazole treatment on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:Mitigating effects of antioxidant properties of black berry juice on sodium fluoride induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetic, tolerability, and bioequivalence comparison of three different intravenous formulations of recombinant human erythropoietin in healthy Korean adult male volunteers: an open-label, randomized-sequence, three-treatment, three-way crossover study.
PubMed:Exercise-induced elevation in plasma oxidative generating capability augments the temporal inflammatory response stimulated by lipopolysaccharide.
PubMed:Palmatine from Coptidis rhizoma reduces ischemia-reperfusion-mediated acute myocardial injury in the rat.
PubMed:The role of Curcuma longa against doxorubicin (adriamycin)-induced toxicity in rats.
PubMed:Protective effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract against oxidative stress induced by cisplatin in rats.
PubMed:Mice lacking brain-type creatine kinase activity show defective thermoregulation.
PubMed:Dietary supplement use among elite young German athletes.
PubMed:In vitro primary satellite cell growth and differentiation within litters of pigs.
PubMed:Effects of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation during resistance training on strength, body composition, and muscle damage in trained and untrained young men: a meta-analysis.
PubMed:Moringa oleifera leaf extract prevents isoproterenol-induced myocardial damage in rats: evidence for an antioxidant, antiperoxidative, and cardioprotective intervention.
PubMed:A novel dietary restriction method for group-housed rats: weight gain and clinical chemistry characterization.
PubMed:Acute alcohol consumption aggravates the decline in muscle performance following strenuous eccentric exercise.
PubMed:Acute and timing effects of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) on indirect markers of skeletal muscle damage.
PubMed:Dose-dependent effects of genistein and daidzein on protein metabolism in porcine myotube cultures.
PubMed:[Statistical analysis of the consumption of nutritional and dietary supplements in gyms].
PubMed:Mitochondria-targeted plastoquinone derivatives as tools to interrupt execution of the aging program. 2. Treatment of some ROS- and age-related diseases (heart arrhythmia, heart infarctions, kidney ischemia, and stroke).
PubMed:The effects of Creatine Long-Term Supplementation on Muscle Morphology and Swimming Performance in Rats.
PubMed:Evaluations of the trans-sulfuration pathway in multiple liver toxicity studies.
PubMed:Effect of lairage duration on rabbit welfare and meat quality.
PubMed:Long-term creatine supplementation is safe in aged patients with Parkinson disease.
PubMed:The effects of acute whole body vibration as a recovery modality following high-intensity interval training in well-trained, middle-aged runners.
PubMed:Effect of Ramadan fasting on markers of oxidative stress and serum biochemical markers of cellular damage in healthy subjects.
PubMed:Advances in protein-amino acid nutrition of poultry.
PubMed:Effect of cooking conditions on creatinine formation in cooked ham.
PubMed:Determination of normal values of some blood serum enzymes in Acipenser stellatus Pallas.
PubMed:Development and validation of a sensitive immunoassay for the skeletal muscle isoform of creatine kinase.
PubMed:Myo- and hepatotoxic effects of cultivated mushrooms in mice.
PubMed:Inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain in brain of rats subjected to an experimental model of depression.
PubMed:[Method for determination of creatine in minced meat].
PubMed:International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: nutrient timing.
PubMed:Functional food for exercise performance: fact or foe?
PubMed:Antioxidant response and oxidative damage induced by a swimming session: influence of gender.
PubMed:Space requirements of weaned pigs during a sixty-minute transport in summer.
PubMed:Raltegravir: first in class HIV integrase inhibitor.
PubMed:Inhibition of acrylamide toxicity in mice by three dietary constituents.
PubMed:The role of oxidative stress in the development of congestive heart failure in a chicken genotype selected for rapid growth.
PubMed:Cardiovascular effects of prorenin blockade in genetically spontaneously hypertensive rats on normal and high-salt diet.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation augments skeletal muscle carnosine content in senescence-accelerated mice (SAMP8).
PubMed:d-galactose administration induces memory loss and energy metabolism disturbance in mice: protective effects of catalpol.
PubMed:Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection for the determination of anabolic steroids and related compounds in nutritional supplements.
PubMed:Water-soluble precursors of beef flavour: I. Effect of diet and breed.
PubMed:Plasma biomarker profiling in the detection of growth promoter use in calves.
PubMed:Improving muscle mass: response of muscle metabolism to exercise, nutrition and anabolic agents.
PubMed:Legal pre-event nutritional supplements to assist energy metabolism.
PubMed:Effect of dietary protein content during recovery from high-intensity cycling on subsequent performance and markers of stress, inflammation, and muscle damage in well-trained men.
PubMed:Transportation of young beef bulls alters circulating physiological parameters that may be effective biomarkers of stress.
PubMed:Consumption of green tea favorably affects oxidative stress markers in weight-trained men.
PubMed:Salvianolic acids prevent acute doxorubicin cardiotoxicity in mice through suppression of oxidative stress.
PubMed:Telbivudine for the management of chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
PubMed:A three generation study with genetically modified Bt corn in rats: Biochemical and histopathological investigation.
PubMed:Effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of erlotinib, an orally active epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, in healthy individuals.
PubMed:Effect of protein-rich feeding on recovery after intense exercise.
PubMed:Assessment of Hg contamination and exposure to miners and schoolchildren at a small-scale gold mining and recovery operation in Thailand.
PubMed:Indications of hepatic and cardiac toxicity caused by subchronic Tricholoma flavovirens consumption.
PubMed:The use of dietary supplements by athletes.
PubMed:Thermal and storage stability of nutraceuticals in a milk beverage dietary supplement.
PubMed:Differential proteome analysis of hagfish dental and somatic skeletal muscles.
PubMed:Food deprivation in the common vole (Microtus arvalis) and the tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus).
PubMed:Effect of farm floor type on the behaviour of heavy pigs during pre-slaughter handling.
PubMed:Mechanisms of acrolein-induced myocardial dysfunction: implications for environmental and endogenous aldehyde exposure.
PubMed:Kinetics of creatine ingested as a food ingredient.
PubMed:Creatine transporter deficiency: prevalence among patients with mental retardation and pitfalls in metabolite screening.
PubMed:A 12-week, prospective, open-label analysis of the effect of rosuvastatin on triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism in patients with primary dyslipidemia.
PubMed:Peptides reproducibly released by in vivo digestion of beef meat and trout flesh in pigs.
PubMed:Dietary supplements selected by young people exercising in fitness rooms in Kraków and environs.
PubMed:Impact of differing protein sources and a creatine containing nutritional formula after 12 weeks of resistance training.
PubMed:[Decreased serum aldolase levels in Yusho].
PubMed:The effect of feed withdrawal and crating density in transit on metabolism and meat quality of broilers at slaughter weight.
PubMed:Salinomycin toxicosis in horses.
PubMed:The adenosine A1 receptor antagonist SLV320 reduces myocardial fibrosis in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy without affecting blood pressure.
PubMed:Frequency and severity of musculoskeletal symptoms in humans during an outbreak of trichinellosis caused by Trichinella britovi.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo studies of creatine monohydrate supplementation to Duroc and Landrace pigs.
PubMed:Hydrophilic chromatographic determination of carnosine, anserine, balenine, creatine, and creatinine.
PubMed:Dietary carbohydrate content influences boron's effect on lipid and protein indices in rats.
PubMed:Creatine improves health and survival of mice.
PubMed:Metabolic and clinical traits in horses undergoing feed deprivation for elective orthopaedic surgery.
PubMed:Repeated administration of diphenyl ditelluride induces hematological disorders in rats.
PubMed:An NMR-based metabonomic investigation on effects of milk and meat protein diets given to 8-year-old boys.
PubMed:Behavioral training and hydraulic chute restraint enables handling of eland antelope (Taurotragus oryx) without general anesthesia.
PubMed:Antihypertensive effects of Gynura procumbens extract in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:1H MRS-detectable metabolic brain changes and reduced impulsive behavior in adult rats exposed to methylphenidate during adolescence.
PubMed:Risks associated with statin therapy: a systematic overview of randomized clinical trials.
PubMed:Identification of carbonylated protein in frozen rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fillets and development of protein oxidation during frozen storage.
PubMed:Myopathy associated with gluten sensitivity.
PubMed:Serum chemistry values for free-ranging ringed seals (Pusa hispida) in Svalbard.
PubMed:Proteomic identification of brain proteins in the canine model of human aging following a long-term treatment with antioxidants and a program of behavioral enrichment: relevance to Alzheimer's disease.
PubMed:Acute renal failure in a young weight lifter taking multiple food supplements, including creatine monohydrate.
PubMed:Susceptibility of human metabolic phenotypes to dietary modulation.
PubMed:Formation of mutagenic heterocyclic aromatic amines in fried pork from Duroc and Landrace pigs upon feed supplementation with creatine monohydrate.
PubMed:Effects of baseline serum levels of Se on markers of eccentric exercise-induced muscle injury.
PubMed:[Trichinellosis: epidemiological, clinical and laboratory aspects. A retrospective study (1994-2003)].
PubMed:Body composition assessed by impedance changes very early with declining renal graft function.
PubMed:The effects of feed restriction on plasma biochemistry in growing meat type chickens (Gallus gallus).
PubMed:Intrathecal ziconotide for refractory chronic pain.
PubMed:Possible role of creatine concentrations in the brain in regulating appetite and weight.
PubMed:Creatine monohydrate and glucose supplementation to slow- and fast-growing chickens changes the postmortem pH in pectoralis major.
PubMed:Changes in proteolytic enzyme mRNAs relevant for meat quality during myogenesis of primary porcine satellite cells.
PubMed:NMR-based metabonomic studies reveal changes in the biochemical profile of plasma and urine from pigs fed high-fibre rye bread.
PubMed:Citrulline modulates muscle protein metabolism in old malnourished rats.
PubMed:Clinical and laboratory aspects of a trichinellosis outbreak in Izmir, Turkey.
PubMed:Final conclusions and recommendations of the National Lipid Association Statin Safety Assessment Task Force.
PubMed:Statin safety: lessons from new drug applications for marketed statins.
PubMed:Vegetarian diets : nutritional considerations for athletes.
PubMed:Influence of dietary creatine monohydrate and carcass cooling rate on colour characteristics of pork loin from different pure breeds.
PubMed:Significance of early postmortem temperature and pH decline on colour characteristics of pork loin from different crossbreeds.
PubMed:Journey length and high temperatures: effects on rabbit welfare and meat quality.
PubMed:Daptomycin: the first approved lipopeptide antimicrobial.
PubMed:Protection against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by Spirulina in rats.
PubMed:Mechanisms and biomarkers of cardiovascular injury induced by phosphodiesterase inhibitor III SK&F 95654 in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
PubMed:Evaluation of subchronic inhalation toxicity of dimethyl disulfide in rats.
PubMed:Influence of an algal triacylglycerol containing docosahexaenoic acid (22 : 6n-3) and docosapentaenoic acid (22 : 5n-6) on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy men and women.
PubMed:Suspected myotoxicity of edible wild mushrooms.
PubMed:Mechanistic pathways of formation of acrylamide from different amino acids.
PubMed:Treatment for mitochondrial disorders.
PubMed:Effects of polyphenolic antioxidants on exercise-induced oxidative stress.
PubMed:Effects of selenium depletion and selenium repletion by choice feeding on selenium status of young and old laying hens.
PubMed:Comparison of secondary metabolite production by Penicillium crustosum strains, isolated from Arctic and other various ecological niches.
PubMed:Effect of coenzyme Q10 and vitamin E on brain energy metabolism in the animal model of Huntington's disease.
PubMed:Variations in metabolite contents and protein denaturation of the longissimus dorsi muscle in various porcine quality classifications and metabolic rates.
PubMed:Enzymatic examination of potential interaction between statins or fibrates and consumed Tricholoma equestre.
PubMed:Acute trichinellosis in children compared with adults.
PubMed:Cardiovascular toxicities of performance-enhancing substances in sports.
PubMed:Effects of creatine supplementation on body composition and renal function in rats.
PubMed:Bioactive compounds in cod (Gadus morhua) products and suitability of 1H NMR metabolite profiling for classification of the products using multivariate data analyses.
PubMed:Dietary supplement use by varsity athletes at a Canadian university.
PubMed:Dietary creatine monohydrate affects quality attributes of Duroc but not Landrace pork.
PubMed:The effect of production system and age on levels of iron, taurine, carnosine, coenzyme Q(10), and creatine in beef muscles and liver.
PubMed:[Blood cell count and blood chemical analysis in Yusho patients].
PubMed:Re-evaluation of patients involved in a trichinellosis outbreak caused by Trichinella britovi 15 years after infection.
PubMed:Lone atrial fibrillation associated with creatine monohydrate supplementation.
PubMed:Short-term and long-term in vivo exposure to an ephedra- and caffeine-containing metabolic nutrition system does not induce cardiotoxicity in B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed:Study of the oxidative stress in a rat model of chronic brain hypoperfusion.
PubMed:Origin of the high-frequency resonances in 1H NMR spectra of muscle tissue: an in vitro slow magic-angle spinning study.
PubMed:Risk of worsening renal function with nesiritide in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.
PubMed:Propofol 6% as sedative in children under 2 years of age following major craniofacial surgery.
PubMed:Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in smokers and non-smokers. The fifth Tromsø study.
PubMed:Seizures reported in association with use of dietary supplements.
PubMed:No effects of lifelong creatine supplementation on sarcopenia in senescence-accelerated mice (SAMP8).
PubMed:Aerobic training, but not creatine supplementation, alters the gluteus medius muscle.
PubMed:The effects of fasting and refeeding on biochemical parameters in the red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa).
PubMed:Increased plasma creatine kinase activities triggered by edible wild mushrooms.
PubMed:[Changes in myocardial enzyme spectrum and electrocardiogram after Salmonella food poisoning].
PubMed:Environmental exposure to cadmium at a level insufficient to induce renal tubular dysfunction does not affect bone density among female Japanese farmers.
PubMed:Prevalent use of dietary supplements among people who exercise at a commercial gym.
PubMed:Potential ergogenic effects of arginine and creatine supplementation.
PubMed:Cooking temperature effects on the forms of iron and levels of several other compounds in beef semitendinosus muscle.
PubMed:Analytical strategies for the detection of non-labelled anabolic androgenic steroids in nutritional supplements.
PubMed:Pattern of renal function recovery after leptospirosis acute renal failure.
PubMed:Accidental poisoning of 17 dogs with lasalocid.
PubMed:Writing about creatine: is it worth the risk?
PubMed:The role of creatine in the generation of N-methylacrylamide: a new toxicant in cooked meat.
PubMed:Ergogenic aids: a review of basic science, performance, side effects, and status in sports.
PubMed:Effects of creatine supplementation on the performance and body composition of competitive swimmers.
PubMed:Nondestructive observation of bovine milk by NMR spectroscopy: analysis of existing States of compounds and detection of new compounds.
PubMed:Formation of semicarbazide (SEM) in food by hypochlorite treatment: is SEM a specific marker for nitrofurazone abuse?
PubMed:Identification of specific oxidatively modified proteins in chicken muscles using a combined immunologic and proteomic approach.
PubMed:Resistance imparted by traditional Chinese medicines to the acute change of glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and creatine kinase activities in rat blood caused by noise.
PubMed:Dogmas and controversies in the handling of nitrogenous wastes: the effect of feeding and fasting on the excretion of ammonia, urea and other nitrogenous waste products in rainbow trout.
PubMed:Combined high-field 13C CP MAS NMR and low-field NMR relaxation measurements on post mortem porcine muscles.
PubMed:Nutritional status of Brazilian elite swimmers.
PubMed:[Nutrition and health--nutrition and performance in sports].
PubMed:Dynamic high-resolution 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy and 1H T2 measurements in postmortem rabbit muscles using slow magic angle spinning.
PubMed:Enfuvirtide: a fusion inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection.
PubMed:Effect of a 10-week strength training program and recovery drink on body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and anaerobic power and capacity.
PubMed:Dietary exposure to cadmium at close to the current provisional tolerable weekly intake does not affect renal function among female Japanese farmers.
PubMed:Rosuvastatin: a review of its use in the management of dyslipidemia.
PubMed:Water-holding capacity in chicken breast muscle is enhanced by pyruvate and reduced by creatine supplements.
PubMed:Blood pressure status in Hangzhou region.
PubMed:Concentrations in beef and lamb of taurine, carnosine, coenzyme Q(10), and creatine.
PubMed:Polygynous mating impairs body condition and homeostasis in male reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus tarandus).
PubMed:Octacosanol supplementation increases running endurance time and improves biochemical parameters after exhaustion in trained rats.
PubMed:Dietary supplements.
PubMed:Iron status of young males and females performing weight-training exercise.
PubMed:Effect of oral administration of dantrolene sodium on serum creatine kinase activity after exercise in horses with recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis.
PubMed:Creatinine in the dog: a review.
PubMed:Creatine monohydrate supplementation on body weight and percent body fat.
PubMed:Hippocampal N-acetyl aspartate levels do not mirror neuronal cell densities in creatine-supplemented epileptic rats.
PubMed:[Study on the toxicological effect of chloropropanols on rats].
PubMed:A magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging study of adult nonhuman primates exposed to early-life stressors.
PubMed:An outbreak of trichinellosis due to consumption of bear meat infected with Trichinella nativa, in 2 northern Saskatchewan communities.
PubMed:The effects of 8 weeks of creatine monohydrate and glutamine supplementation on body composition and performance measures.
PubMed:Proteome analysis reveals novel proteins associated with proliferation and differentiation of the colorectal cancer cell line Caco-2.
PubMed:Ostreopsis sp., a possible origin of palytoxin (PTX) in parrotfish Scarus ovifrons.
PubMed:[Elevation of serum creatine kinase and low serum aldolase in the patients with KANEMI YUSHOU].
PubMed:Supplement use in the adolescent athlete.
PubMed:Transrenal fixation of endovascular stent-grafts for infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair: mid-term results.
PubMed:Inactivation of creatine kinase induced by quercetin with horseradish peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide. pro-oxidative and anti-oxidative actions of quercetin.
PubMed:Statin-associated myopathy.
PubMed:Free diet selection by broilers as influenced by dietary macronutrient ratio and corticosterone supplementation. 1. Diet selection, organ weights, and plasma metabolites.
PubMed:Effect of pre-slaughter physiological conditions on the oxidative stability of colour and lipid during chill storage of sliced, retail packed roast ham.
PubMed:Health assessment of U.S. Army Rangers.
PubMed:Occurrence of a food poisoning incident by palytoxin from a serranid Epinephelus sp. in Japan.
PubMed:Resistance-training-induced adaptations in skeletal muscle protein turnover in the fed state.
PubMed:Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate: a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection.
PubMed:A study on human urine in a high-selenium area of China by 1H-NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Patterns of gene expression in atrophying skeletal muscles: response to food deprivation.
PubMed:Rapid time-resolved immunofluorometric assay for the measurement of creatine kinase in serum and whole blood samples.
PubMed:Characterization of proteolysis during the ripening of semi-dry fermented sausages.
PubMed:Mechanisms of hyperammonemia.
PubMed:Plasma biochemical values from apparently healthy free-ranging polar bears from Svalbard.
PubMed:Identification of protein degradation during post-mortem storage of pig meat.
PubMed:Influence of fasting on the effects of ischemic preconditioning in the ischemic-reperfused rat heart.
PubMed:Blood chemistry in southern elephant seal mothers and pups during lactation reveals no effect of handling.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation induces alteration in cross-sectional area in skeletal muscle fibers of wistar rats under swimming training.
PubMed:Simulated preslaughter holding and isolation effects on stress responses and live weight shrinkage in meat goats.
PubMed:[Mitochondrial oxidation and ultrastructure of the myocardium on a background of incorporation of cesium radionuclides].
PubMed:Problems associated with the determination of heterocyclic amines in cooked foods and human exposure.
PubMed:Welfare assessment of broiler breeders that are food restricted after peak rate of lay.
PubMed:The athlete's diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies.
PubMed:Natural variations of precursors in pig meat affect the yield of heterocyclic amines--effects of RN genotype, feeding regime, and sex.
PubMed:[Ma Huang, from dietary supplement to abuse].
PubMed:Skeletal muscle characteristics predict body fat gain in response to overfeeding in never-obese young men.
PubMed:Creatine monohydrate supplemented in swine finishing diets and fresh pork quality: II. Commercial applications.
PubMed:Dietary practices, attitudes, and physiological status of collegiate freshman football players.
PubMed:Trichinellosis acquired in the United Kingdom.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation affects sprint endurance in juvenile rainbow trout.
PubMed:Effect of vitamin C supplementation against cisplatin-induced toxicity and oxidative DNA damage in rats.
PubMed:Inadvertent doping through supplement use by athletes: assessment and management of the risk in Australia.
PubMed:Welfare assessment of modified rearing programmes for broiler breeders.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity and inhibitory effect of Gamazumi (Viburnum dilatatum THUNB.) on oxidative damage induced by water immersion restraint stress in rats.
PubMed:Safety and tolerability of esterified phytosterols administered in reduced-fat spread and salad dressing to healthy adult men and women.
PubMed:Creatine use among young athletes.
PubMed:Effect of pre-slaughter physiological conditions on the oxidative stability of colour and lipid during chill storage of pork.
PubMed:[Influential factors in the elevation of serum creatine phosphokinase for the patients with Kanemi Yusho--freeze fracture study of rat muscle plasma membrane].
PubMed:Suppressive effects on allergic contact dermatitis by short-term fasting.
PubMed:Updates in pediatric nutrition.
PubMed:Diet restriction plays an important role in the alterations of heart mitochondrial function following exposure of young rats to chronic hypoxia.
PubMed:Toxicity of culture material of Fusarium verticillioides strain MRC 826 to nonhuman primates.
PubMed:Ornithine carbamoyltransferase deficiency: improved sensitivity of testing for protein tolerance in the diagnosis of heterozygotes.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation improves sprint performance in male sprinters.
PubMed:Dietary supplements: how they are used and regulated.
PubMed:Nutrition for the Australian Rules football player.
PubMed:Thermal acclimation, growth, and burst swimming of threespine stickleback: enzymatic correlates and influence of photoperiod.
PubMed:Systemic toxicity from repeated cutaneous contact with 2,4-pentanedione.
PubMed:Expression and purification of polyhistidine-tagged firefly luciferase in insect cells--a potential alternative for process scale-up.
PubMed:Behavioural and physiological responses of pigs to being transported for up to 24 hours followed by six hours recovery in lairage.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation increases renal disease progression in Han:SPRD-cy rats.
PubMed:Cerivastatin: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic efficacy in the management of hypercholesterolaemia.
PubMed:Creatine use among a select population of high school athletes.
PubMed:An epidemic survey on freshwater puffer poisoning in Bangladesh.
PubMed:Dietary supplement creatine protects against traumatic brain injury.
PubMed:Comparison of clinical pathology parameters with two different blood sampling techniques in rats: retrobulbar plexus versus sublingual vein.
PubMed:Influence of one bout of vigorous exercise on ascorbic acid in plasma and oxidative damage to DNA in blood cells and muscle in untrained rats.
PubMed:Isotachophoretic determination of creatinine in meat and meat products.
PubMed:Crazy for creatine. Everyone from Mark McGwire to kiddie jocks is using this muscle builder. But is it safe?
PubMed:Differentiation of myoblasts in serum-free media: effects of modified media are cell line-specific.
PubMed:Creatine and creatinine metabolism.
PubMed:Transportation of goats: effects on physiological stress responses and live weight loss.
PubMed:Formation of the mutagen IFP in model systems and detection in restaurant meats.
PubMed:Tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced apoptosis is associated with suppression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-5 secretion in differentiating murine skeletal myoblasts.
PubMed:Conjugated linoleic acid effects on circulating hormones, metabolites and lipoproteins, and its proportion in fasting serum and erythrocyte membranes of swine.
PubMed:Effects of food withdrawal and transport on 5- to 10-day-old calves.
PubMed:Relationship between food deprivation before transport and aggression in pigs held in lairage before slaughter.
PubMed:Rapid post-mortem glycolysis and delay chilling of turkey carcasses cause alterations to protein extractability and degradation of breast muscle proteins.
PubMed:Formation of mutagenic/carcinogenic heterocyclic amines in dry-heated model systems, meats, and meat drippings.
PubMed:Fasting limits norepinephrine release with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion.
PubMed:Effects of cold acclimation on the activity levels of creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes in various tissues of the rat.
PubMed:Food for thought.
PubMed:Nutritional supplements to increase muscle mass.
PubMed:[Influential factors in elevation of serum creatine phosphokinase for the patients with Kanemi Yusho].
PubMed:Mizoribine and mycophenolate mofetil.
PubMed:DNA adducts of heterocyclic amine food mutagens: implications for mutagenesis and carcinogenesis.
PubMed:[Studies on aging through analysis of the glucose metabolism related to the ATP--production of the senescence accelerated mouse (SAM)].
PubMed:Supplement use and nutritional habits in Norwegian elite athletes.
PubMed:Nutritional supplements: fact vs. fiction.
PubMed:Comparative estrogenic activity of wine extracts and organochlorine pesticide residues in food.
PubMed:Effects of granisetron and its combination with dexamethasone on cisplatin-induced delayed emesis in the ferret.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation and age influence muscle metabolism during exercise.
PubMed:Changes in physical characteristics, hematological parameters and nutrients and food intake during weight reduction in judoists.
PubMed:Carcinogenic heterocyclic amines in model systems and cooked foods: a review on formation, occurrence and intake.
PubMed:Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella senftenberg, and enzymes with potential as time-temperature indicators in ground turkey thigh meat.
PubMed:Interaction of age, strain, sex and food restriction on plasma creatine kinase activity in turkeys.
PubMed:Dietary lignin, and insoluble fiber, enhance uterine cancer but did not influence mammary cancer induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea in rats.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of antioxidants on formation of heterocyclic amines.
PubMed:Lack of histological cerebellar changes in Wistar rats given pulegone for 28 days. Comparison of immersion and perfusion tissue fixation.
PubMed:Severe muscle damage induced by high carbohydrate intake from elemental diet in a patient with Crohn's disease.
PubMed:Influence of a superactivated charcoal on the toxic effects of aflatoxin or T-2 toxin in growing broilers.
PubMed:Effect of oral creatine supplementation on jumping and running performance.
PubMed:Measuring compliance with prescribed exchanges in CAPD and CCPD patients.
PubMed:Failure of dietary bentonite clay, Silent Herder mineral supplement, or parenteral Banamine to alleviate locoweed toxicosis in rats.
PubMed:Protective effect of flavonoids on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.
PubMed:Effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation on the integrity of skeletal muscle in exercised horses.
PubMed:The effect of creatine supplementation on two 700-m maximal running bouts.
PubMed:[Elevation of serum creatine kinase in the patients with Kanemi Yusho].
PubMed:Effect of feeding deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin)-contaminated barley to horses.
PubMed:Adaptation of cardiac myosin and creatine kinase to chronic hypoxia: role of anorexia and hypertension.
PubMed:Evaluation of D-amino acid levels in rat by gas chromatography-selected ion monitoring mass spectrometry: no evidence for subacute toxicity of orally fed D-proline and D-aspartic acid.
PubMed:Effects on calves less than one month old of feeding or not feeding them during road transport of up to 24 hours.
PubMed:Quantification of heterocyclic amine carcinogens in cooked meats using isotope dilution liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Reduction of stress-induced changes in meat quality with thermolysed brewer's yeast of high nucleotide content in pigs.
PubMed:The concentration of creatine in meat, offal and commercial dog food.
PubMed:Creatine is an ergogen for anaerobic exercise.
PubMed:Stabilization of rat heart mitochondria by alpha-tocopherol in rats.
PubMed:Outbreak of trichinosis in Ontario secondary to the ingestion of wild boar meat.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation: recent developments.
PubMed:Carbohydrate ingestion augments skeletal muscle creatine accumulation during creatine supplementation in humans.
PubMed:Creatine depletion elicits structural, biochemical, and physiological adaptations in rat costal diaphragm.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation does not improve sprint performance in competitive swimmers.
PubMed:Effects of feeding, watering and resting intervals on lambs transported by road and ferry to France.
PubMed:Effects of meal frequency on body composition during weight control in boxers.
PubMed:Contractile properties of rat skeletal muscles after hindlimb unloading and beta-GPA administration.
PubMed:Daily fluctuations of haematology and blood biochemistry in horses fed varying levels of protein.
PubMed:Separation and determination of amino acids, creatinine, bioactive amines and nucleic acid bases by dual-mode gradient ion-pair chromatography.
PubMed:Effects of histamine application and water-immersion stress on gizzard erosion and fattening of broiler chicks.
PubMed:Nutrition for improved sports performance. Current issues on ergogenic aids.
PubMed:Subchronic toxicity study of domoic acid in the rat.
PubMed:Relationships between the degree of food restriction and welfare indices in broiler breeder females.
PubMed:Direct identification of the common cheese contaminant Penicillium commune in factory air samples as an aid to factory hygiene.
PubMed:[Epidemic outbreak of acute food poisoning caused by pesticides].
PubMed:The effect of oral creatine supplementation on the 1000-m performance of competitive rowers.
PubMed:Diet selection by chicks.
PubMed:Effects of oral creatine supplementation on multiple sprint cycle performance.
PubMed:Vitamin E supplementation and stress affect tissue alpha-tocopherol content of beef heifers.
PubMed:Influence of increasing breast meat yield on muscle histology and meat quality in the chicken.
PubMed:Effects of creatine supplementation on performance.
PubMed:The patient at risk: who should we be treating?
PubMed:Consumption of deoxynivalenol-contaminated wheat by mallard ducks under experimental conditions.
PubMed:Supplementation of broiler diets with all-rac-alpha- or a mixture of natural source RRR-alpha-,gamma-,delta-tocopheryl acetate. 1. effect on vitamin E status of broilers in vivo and at slaughter.
PubMed:Influence of dietary curcumin and cholesterol on the progression of experimentally induced diabetes in albino rat.
PubMed:Exertional rhabdomyolysis as a result of strenuous military training.
PubMed:The effect of selenium supplementation on skeletal and cardiac muscle in selenium-depleted patients.
PubMed:Plasticity of craniomandibular muscle function: 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the rabbit masseter muscle.
PubMed:Attributes of microbial associations of meat growing as xenic batch cultures in a meat juice at 4 degrees C.
PubMed:Creatine supplementation and exercise performance.
PubMed:Alpha-tocopherol supplementation in racing cyclists during extreme endurance training.
PubMed:Decline of taste sensitivity in protein deficient adult rats.
PubMed:Energetic status and mitochondrial oxidative capacity of rat skeletal muscle in response to creatine analogue ingestion.
PubMed:Effects of hypocaloric feeding and refeeding on myocardial Ca and ATP cycling in the rat.
PubMed:Insulin-induced renal dysfunction in regular Sabra rats.
PubMed:Nutritional ergogenics in athletics.
PubMed:Factors affecting the formation and yield of heterocyclic amines.
PubMed:Tissue acylcarnitine and acyl-coenzyme A profiles in chronically hyperammonemic mice treated with sodium benzoate and supplementary L-carnitine.
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of the inflammatory myopathies.
PubMed:Detection of occupational lead nephropathy using early renal markers.
PubMed:Carcinogens in foods: heterocyclic amines and cancer and heart disease.
PubMed:The patient at risk: who should we be treating?
PubMed:Metabolic activities of pseudomonads in batch cultures in extract of minced lamb.
PubMed:Haematology and blood composition at two ambient temperatures in genetically fat and lean adult broiler breeder females fed ad libitum or restricted throughout life.
PubMed:Dietary, serum and urine ascorbic acid status in male athletes.
PubMed:Effect of microwave pretreatment on heterocyclic aromatic amine mutagens/carcinogens in fried beef patties.
PubMed:Feed access effects on serum metabolites of hybrid large white male turkeys.
PubMed:ATP synthesis kinetic properties of mitochondria isolated from the rat extensor digitorum longus muscle depleted of creatine with beta-guanidinopropionic acid.
PubMed:Fumonisin mycotoxicosis in broilers. Weights and serum chemistry modifications.
PubMed:Treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia: fluvastatin versus bezafibrate.
PubMed:Formation of mutagenic activity from amino acids heated at cooking temperatures.
PubMed:A preterm infant with secondary carnitine deficiency due to MCT formula--effective treatment of L-carnitine.
PubMed:The influence of dietary creatine supplementation on performance during repeated bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling in man.
PubMed:Biochemical and physiological effects of long-term sublethal T-2 toxin feeding in rabbits.
PubMed:Effect of dietary supplementation of red or white wine on human blood chemistry, hematology and coagulation: favorable effect of red wine on plasma high-density lipoprotein.
PubMed:Heterocyclic aromatic amine content of selected beef flavors.
PubMed:A modified creatine sucrose medium for differentiation of species in Penicillium subgenus Penicillium.
PubMed:Dietary fish oil supplementation attenuates myocardial dysfunction and injury caused by global ischemia and reperfusion in isolated rat hearts.
PubMed:Long-term dietary fish oil supplementation protects against ischemia-reperfusion-induced myocardial dysfunction in isolated rat hearts.
PubMed:Carcinogenic factors in food with relevance to colon cancer development.
PubMed:The use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to suppress the effects of aflatoxicosis in broiler chicks.
PubMed:Reduced, positive nitrogen balance and elevated plasma free fatty acid concentration in growing, glutamate-induced obese rats.
PubMed:Cooking procedures and food mutagens: a literature review.
PubMed:Serum enzymes as indicators of capture myopathy in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos).
PubMed:Comparison of human trichinellosis caused by Trichinella spiralis and by Trichinella britovi.
PubMed:Fluid electrolyte changes in physically healthy subjects during prolonged restriction of motor activity and daily hyperhydration.
PubMed:Reduction of liver taurine in rats by beta-alanine treatment increases carbon tetrachloride toxicity.
PubMed:Antihypertensive effects of CS-045 treatment in obese Zucker rats.
PubMed:Effect of antioxidant vitamin supplementation on muscle function after eccentric exercise.
PubMed:Effects of dietary vitamin E and fat on some serum enzymes in pigs.
PubMed:[The correction of metabolic disorders in severely burned patients by enteral hyperalimentation].
PubMed:Effect of food restriction on the phosphocreatine energy shuttle components in rat heart.
PubMed:Elevated muscle vitamin E does not attenuate eccentric exercise-induced muscle injury.
PubMed:Blood pressure responses to sucrose ingestion in four rat strains.
PubMed:Effect of myotonia induced by anthracene-9-carboxylic acid on mitochondrial calcium, plasma creatinine-phosphokinase and aldolase activity in the rat.
PubMed:Subacute toxicity of paraquat in beagle dogs: clinicopathology and pathologic examinations.
PubMed:Comparison of six methods for force normalization in muscles from malnourished rats.
PubMed:On the assessment of water-holding capacity of hot- vs cold-boned pork.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of growth, diet, and urinary N excretion in elementary school children from urban and rural areas of Korea.
PubMed:[The body muscle compartment and its relationship to food absorption and blood chemistry during an extreme endurance performance].
PubMed:Effects of glucose on the formation of PhIP in a model system.
PubMed:Reduced growth of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in creatine depleted mice fed beta-guanidinopropionic acid.
PubMed:Calcium supplementation reduces vertebral bone loss in perimenopausal women: a controlled trial in 248 women between 46 and 55 years of age.
PubMed:The identification of a new heterocyclic amine mutagen from a heated mixture of creatine, glutamic acid and glucose.
PubMed:Increased blood antioxidant systems of runners in response to training load.
PubMed:Characterization of swine susceptible to malignant hyperthermia by in vivo, in vitro and post-mortem techniques.
PubMed:[The diagnostic significance of different blood parameters and liver biopsy in chronic copper poisoning of sheep].
PubMed:Formation of heterocyclic amines using model systems.
PubMed:Selenium in pediatric nutrition.
PubMed:[Formation of IQ-compounds in meat and meat products].
PubMed:Formation of meat mutagens.
PubMed:Diminution of aflatoxin toxicity to growing lambs by dietary supplementation with hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate.
PubMed:Exercise induced alterations in the serum muscle enzymes, erythrocyte potassium and plasma constituents following feed withdrawal or furosemide and sodium bicarbonate administration in the horse.
PubMed:Circadian variation in renal function of the obese rat.
PubMed:Interactions between the beta-adrenergic agonist salbutamol and genotype on meat quality in pigs.
PubMed:Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis associated with lovastatin-gemfibrozil combination therapy.
PubMed:Effects of monosaccharides and disaccharides on the formation of food mutagens in model systems.
PubMed:The onset of sodium retention in experimental cirrhosis in rats is related to a critical threshold of liver function.
PubMed:The amount and composition of the proteins in drip from stored pig meat.
PubMed:The effects of the beta-adrenergic agonist salbutamol on meat quality in pigs.
PubMed:Studies on the relationship between acute testicular damage and urinary and plasma creatine concentration.
PubMed:Mutagens from model systems.
PubMed:New mutagens from cooked food.
PubMed:Influence of creatine, amino acids and water on the formation of the mutagenic heterocyclic amines found in cooked meat.
PubMed:Effect of subacute oral intake of the food antioxidant butylated hydroxyanisole on clinical parameters and phase-I and -II biotransformation capacity in man.
PubMed:Salinomycin poisoning in point-of-lay turkeys.
PubMed:Administration of a creatine analogue induces isomyosin transitions in muscle.
PubMed:Cardiovascular disease risk factors in free-living men: comparison of two prudent diets, one based on lactoovovegetarianism and the other allowing lean meat.
PubMed:Protein metabolism in ovine primary muscle cultures derived from satellite cells--effects of selected peptide hormones and growth factors.
PubMed:Prolonged acetaminophen ingestion in mice: effects on the availability of methionine for metabolic functions.
PubMed:Effect of chronic caloric restriction on hepatic enzymes of intermediary metabolism in the male Fischer 344 rat.
PubMed:A myopathy of sheep associated with sarcocystis infection and monensin administration.
PubMed:Brain creatine phosphate and creatine kinase in mice fed an analogue of creatine.
PubMed:Creatine turnover in the starry flounder,Platichthys stellatus.
PubMed:Monensin toxicity in turkey breeder hens.
PubMed:Hippocampal serotonin mediates hypoactivity in dietarily obese hamsters: a possible manifestation of aging?
PubMed:Biochemical changes produced by beta- and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane isomers in albino rats.
PubMed:Physical complications in anorexia nervosa. Haematological and neuromuscular changes in 12 patients.
PubMed:Toxicity of pirimiphos-methyl: II. Effect of dietary feeding on blood and urine constituents in albino rats.
PubMed:The effects of Sarcocystis miescheriana infections on blood enzymes and weight gain of stress-sensitive and stress-insensitive pigs.
PubMed:Mutagenicity of pan-fried bovine tissues in relation to their content of creatine, creatinine, monosaccharides and free amino acids.
PubMed:Effects of creatine and creatinine content on the mutagenic activity of meat extracts, bouillons and gravies from different sources.
PubMed:[Administration of creatine and creatinine with breast milk and infant milk preparations].
PubMed:Rhabdomyolysis associated with Crohn's disease.
PubMed:Antigenic characterization of Penicillium camemberti and related common cheese contaminants.
PubMed:Assessment of the risk of formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds from dietary precursors in the stomach.
PubMed:Effect of ascorbic acid and vitamin E on biochemical changes associated with vitamin E deficiency in rats.
PubMed:[Effect of vitamin E on experimental inflammation in rats].
PubMed:Muscle creatine content in rats given repeated large doses of nicotinamide: effects of dietary methionine, choline, carnitine, and other supplements.
PubMed:Formation of mutagens by heating foods and model systems.
PubMed:Tolerance of the preruminant calf for selenium in milk replacer.
PubMed:Studies of nitrogen balance in male highlanders in Papua New Guinea.
PubMed:Body composition, food intake, cardirespiratory fitness, blood lipids and psychological development in highly active and inactive preschool children.
PubMed:Preclinical toxicology studies with the lipid-regulating agent gemcadiol.
PubMed:Blood lipids as related to food intake, body composition, and cardiorespiratory efficiency in preschool children.
PubMed:[Features of humoral regulation of metabolism during modelling of space flight factors].
PubMed:Dietary manipulation and exercise in the heat: thermoregulatory and metabolic effects in rats.
PubMed:Formation of food mutagens via Maillard reactions.
PubMed:[Differentiated dietotherapy of patients with obesity and hyperuricemia].
PubMed:Food deprivation and exercise in the heat: thermoregulatory and metabolic effects.
PubMed:Clinical and biochemical effects of aflatoxin in feed ration of chicks.
PubMed:Mixed carbon source utilization of meat-spoiling Pseudomonas fragi 72 in relation to oxygen limitation and carbon dioxide inhibition.
PubMed:Ammonia-like taint and creatine, creatinine and dimethylamine contents in reindeer meat.
PubMed:Citrinin mycotoxicosis in the rabbit: clinicopathological alterations.
PubMed:Comparative toxicology of monensin sodium in laboratory animals.
PubMed:The time required for recovery from mixing stress in young bulls and the prevention of dark cutting beef.
PubMed:Species identification of cooked meats by enzyme-staining of isoelectricfocusing gels.
PubMed:Heat-induced mutagen formation from creatine and fat-soluble constituents of food.
PubMed:Changes in cardiac cathepsin B activity in response to interventions that alter heart size or protein metabolism: comparison with cathepsin D.
PubMed:[Use of biochemical and biophysical indicators in muscles (m. longissimus dorsi) obtained by harpoon biopsy in predicting the quality of pork].
PubMed:Nutrient intake and energy regulation in physical exercise.
PubMed:Pathways of high and low voltage electrical stimulation in sheep carcasses.
PubMed:Longitudinal study of breast-feeding and return of fertility.
PubMed:Neonatal iminoglycinuria: evidence that the prolinuria originates in selective deficiency of transport activity in the proximal nephron.
PubMed:Nutritional management of chronic renal failure.
PubMed:Effect of postoperative nutrition on muscle high energy phosphates.
PubMed:Effect of insulin and leucine on protein turnover in rat soleus muscle after burn injury.
PubMed:Metabolic rate and blood hormone and metabolite levels of individuals susceptible to malignant hyperpyrexia at rest and in response to food and mild exercise.
PubMed:Relative role of caloric restriction and exercise training upon susceptibility to isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in male rats.
PubMed:Physiological criteria and mycotoxin production as AIDS in identification of common asymmetric penicillia.
PubMed:Alcoholic rhabdomyolysis: an experimental model in the rat.
PubMed:Fundamental issues in clinical chemistry.
PubMed:[A prophylactic regimen for infections in colorectal surgery (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Effect of the composition of the caloric pool on the indicators of protein metabolism in infants].
PubMed:[Indicators of protein metabolism in infants with intrauterine dystrophy red various dietary mixtures].
PubMed:Haematological and blood chemistry changes in ewes and lambs following supplementation with vitamin E and selenium.
PubMed:Urinary creatinine and creatine excretion in pigs in relation to body weight and nitrogen balance.
PubMed:Acute oral toxicity of ethylidene gyromitrin in rabbits, rats and chickens.
PubMed:[Study of the effectiveness of using diets with a varying protein content during physical loads in an experiment on rats].
PubMed:Nitrogen retention in rats fed on diets enriched with arginine and glycine. 1. Improved N retention after trauma.
PubMed:[Phosphocreatine metabolic indices during increased and decreased energy expenditures in man].
PubMed:Quality factors in beef, pork, and lamb cooked by microwaves.
PubMed:[Influence of uncoupling agents on the capacity of transamidinase in kidney and pancreas].
PubMed:[Frequency of goiter and urinary iodine in the Peidmont school children. Data on iodine contents in some local food].
PubMed:Serum biochemical and changes in rats deprived of food or water for 24 h.
PubMed:Involvement of food intake in the lysine-arginine antagonism in chicks.
PubMed:Calcium-activated tension of skinned muscle fibers of the frog. Dependence on magnesium adenosine triphosphate concentration.
PubMed:Electrocardiography and blood chemistry in the detection of myocardial lesions in dogs.
PubMed:Simulated field blood studies in the bottle-nosed dolphin Tursiops truncatus. 2. Effects of stress on some hematologic and plasma chemical parameters.
PubMed:Evaluation of commercial kits.
PubMed:The effect of food-deprivation and re-feeding on brain enzyme activity in immature rat brain.
PubMed:Urinary excretion values in 2-day food-deprived, unrestrained chimpanzees.
PubMed:The wholesomeness of fish protein concentrate: a new approach to the evaluation of food safety.
PubMed:The effect of food deprivation on enzyme activity in developing brain.
PubMed:Chemical and organoleptic changes in poultry meat resulting from the growth of psychrophylic spoilage bacteria at 1 degree C. 3. Glutamine, glutathione, tyrosine, ammonia, lactic acid, creatine, carbohydrate, haem pigment and hydrogen sulphide.
PubMed:[Effect of 20 days of food deprivation on the substrates of carbohydrate and fat metabolism and on enzyme activities in the blood].
PubMed:[Qualitative characteristics of meat extracts].
PubMed:Physiologic and metabolic changes in Macaca nemestrina on two types of diets during restraint and non-restraint. I. Body weight changes, food consumption and urinary excretion of nitrogen, creatine and creatinine.
PubMed:Estimating protein quality of meat products from the content of typical amino-acids and creatine.
PubMed:THE EFFECT OF FOOD INGESTION ON THE URINARY EXCRETION OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM.
PubMed:SERUM ENZYME STUDIES IN MUSCLE DISEASE. I. VARIATIONS IN SERUM CREATINE KINASE ACTIVITY IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS.
PubMed:[THE TOTAL CREATININE CONTENT OF BEEF--A MARK OF QUALITY?].
PubMed:[On the determination of the creatine content of carbohydrate-containing products].
PubMed:Preliminary report on fish poisoning at Fanning Island (Central Pacific).
 
Notes:
an amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. in muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. creatine is excreted as creatinine in the urine. Creatine is a essential, non-proteinaceous amino acid found in all animals and in some plants. Creatine is synthesized in the kidney, liver and pancreas from L-arginine, glycine and L-methionine.
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