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CAS Number: 81-13-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:201-327-3
Nikkaji Web:J321.113D
Beilstein Number:1724947
XlogP3-AA:-0.90 (est)
Molecular Weight:205.25423000
Formula:C9 H19 N O4
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:anticaking agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
582.5580 D-pantothenyl alcohol View - review
FDA Regulation:
Subpart E--Anticaking Agents
Sec. 172.480 Silicon dioxide.
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 483.60 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 475.00 °F. TCC ( 246.30 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -0.989 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1000000 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antistatic agents
hair conditioning
skin conditioning
American International Chemical, LLC.
D-Panthenol USP
Dexpanthenol Ph. EUR.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Dexpanthenol (Pantothenyl Alcohol) > 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Dexpanthenol is the alcohol analog of vitamin B5.
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
George Uhe Company
Panthenol (D- And Dl-)
Glentham Life Sciences
Indis NV
For experimental / research use only.
Kraft Chemical
Maypro Industries
Panthenol, D-DL-
Penta International
Qingdao Dacon Trading
For experimental / research use only.
Dexpanthenol pharmaceutical secondary standard; traceable to USP and PhEur
For experimental / research use only.
D-Panthenol >98.0%(T)
TRI-K Industries
Odor: characteristic
Use: D-Panthenol is an active for skin and hair care formulations that improves the appearance of skin and hair. It provides moisturization and anti-inflammatory benefits to skin and improves shine, prevents damage and moisturizes hair.
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intravenous-rabbit LD50 4000 mg/kg
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 73, Pg. 292, 1950.

oral-mouse LD50 15000 mg/kg
Journal of the American College of Toxicology. Vol. 6(1), Pg. 139, 1987.

intravenous-mouse LD50 7000 mg/kg
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 73, Pg. 292, 1950.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 9000 mg/kg
Farmaco, Edizione Scientifica. Vol. 14, Pg. 43, 1959.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
anticaking agents
Recommendation for dextro-panthenol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for dextro-panthenol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):81-13-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :4678
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
RTECS:ES4316000 for cas# 81-13-0
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:81-13-0
Pubchem (cid):4678
Pubchem (sid):135019592
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):D03726
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB04231
Export Tariff Code:2936.24.0000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
•usepaopp pesticide code 068801; trade names: piprotal and tropital. former trade names •aqueous solution can be stabilized with pantolactone. •injection: 250 mgml, in 10 ml and 2 ml vials (various manufacturers); 250 mgml, in ud stat-pak 2ml disposal syringes (syringes contain no more than 0.5% chlorobutanol) ilopan (adria). •pantothenic acid is included in multiple vitamin preparations as calcium or sodium salt or alcohol, panthenol. •aqueous emulsions containing pantothenol with a light-protective substance were prepared and proposed for prevention and treatment of sunburns. •iv hyperalimentation infusion solution containing panthenol and other vitamins are presented. •a composition for treating dental gum diseases consists of a gel in which inflammation inhibitors and antimicrobial substances are added, it is applied directly on tooth gum and contained pantothenyl alc. •a nontoxic, nonirritant composition for prevention of hair loss and for the control of seborrhea was prepared containing d-panthenol. •a mixture suitable for skin protection against polluting agents, water, salt water, air, sunrays, etc, contained 30 parts panthenol. •a perfumed friction tonic for treatment of dry, delicate skin is described. it is nonalcoholic and consists of a solution of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and panthenol in water. •oral compositions for prophylaxis and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the periodontium contained d-panthenol 0.25% wt. •a stable aqueous multivitamin preparation in sterile, storage-stable injection form in a 2 compartment hypodermic syringe contained dexpanthenol. •used in formulation gingival; med-tech: a comforting antiseptic for gums and mouth.
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
(R)-2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethyl butanamide
dextro(+)-alpha,gamma-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-beta,beta-dimethyl butyramide
D-pantothenyl alcohol
dextro-pantothenyl alcohol


US Patents:5,369,092 - Odorant compositions
PubMed:Effects of dexpanthenol and N-acetylcysteine pretreatment in rats before renal ischemia/reperfusion injury.
PubMed:Novel preoperative pharmacologic methods of preventing postoperative sore throat due to tracheal intubation.
PubMed:Clinical efficacy of a spray containing hyaluronic Acid and dexpanthenol after surgery in the nasal cavity (septoplasty, simple ethmoid sinus surgery, and turbinate surgery).
PubMed:Comparing the effects of nebivolol and dexpanthenol on wound healing: an experimental study.
PubMed:Retrospective study of radiotherapy-induced skin reactions in breast cancer patients: Reduced incidence of moist desquamation with a hydroactive colloid gel versus dexpanthenol.
PubMed:Release of Betaine and Dexpanthenol from Vitamin E Modified Silicone-Hydrogel Contact Lenses.
PubMed:Treatment of rhinitis sicca anterior with ectoine containing nasal spray.
PubMed:Protective effect of vitamin B5 (dexpanthenol) on cardiovascular damage induced by streptozocin in rats.
PubMed:Effects of minoxidil gel on burn wound healing in rats.
PubMed:The effects of dexpanthenol in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: Histological, histochemical and immunological evidences.
PubMed:Pustular irritant contact dermatitis caused by dexpanthenol in a child.
PubMed:[Effects of panthenol-glutamine on intestine of rats with burn injury and its dose-effect relationship].
PubMed:Panthenol-stabilized cerium dioxide nanoparticles for cosmeceutic formulations against ROS-induced and UV-induced damage.
PubMed:Synthesis of α-collagen fragments and research of their influence on the degree of hydration of a model of epidermis.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis caused by panthenol in a child.
PubMed:Natural ingredients in atopic dermatitis and other inflammatory skin disease.
PubMed:Protective effect of dexpanthenol on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats.
PubMed:Efficacy of dexpanthenol for pediatric post-tonsillectomy pain and wound healing.
PubMed:Clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute and late radiation reactions from the MASCC Skin Toxicity Study Group.
PubMed:Effects of melatonin and dexpanthenol on antioxidant parameters when combined with estrogen treatment in ovariectomized rats.
PubMed:Tolerability and effects on quality of life of liposomal nasal spray treatment compared to nasal ointment containing dexpanthenol or isotonic NaCl spray in patients with rhinitis sicca.
PubMed:Effects of Noscarna™ on hypertrophic scarring in the rabbit ear model: histopathological aspects.
PubMed:Protective effect of dexpanthenol on ischemia-reperfusion-induced renal injury in rats.
PubMed:Nasal obstruction as a key symptom in allergic rhinitis: efficacy and safety of a medical device in children.
PubMed:The beneficial effects of Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) on wound healing of rabbit skin.
PubMed:Dexpanthenol modulates gene expression in skin wound healing in vivo.
PubMed:The effects of retinoids on secondary wound healing: biometrical and histopathological study in rats.
PubMed:Effects of intravesical dexpanthenol use on lipid peroxidation and bladder histology in a chemical cystitis animal model.
PubMed:Panthenyl triacetate transformation, stimulation of metabolic pathways, and wound-healing properties in the human skin.
PubMed:Comparative trial of 5% dexpanthenol in water-in-oil formulation with 1% hydrocortisone ointment in the treatment of childhood atopic dermatitis: a pilot study.
PubMed:A randomized, prospective, double-blind study of the efficacy of dexpanthenol nasal spray on the postoperative treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery.
PubMed:Ameliorating effects of dexpanthenol in cerebral ischaemia reperfusion induced injury in rat brain.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis caused by dexpanthenol: report of two cases.
PubMed:A novel cosmetic approach to treat thinning hair.
PubMed:Kinetics of physiological skin flora in a suction blister wound model on healthy subjects after treatment with water-filtered infrared-A radiation.
PubMed:Skin moisturizing effects of panthenol-based formulations.
PubMed:Efficacy of topical hydrating and emollient lotion containing 10% urea ISDIN® plus dexpanthenol (Ureadin Rx 10) in the treatment of skin xerosis and pruritus in hemodialyzed patients: an open prospective pilot trial.
PubMed:Effect of ultrasound and dexpanthenol on collagen organization in tegumentary lesions.
PubMed:Topical use of a silymarin-based preparation to prevent radiodermatitis : results of a prospective study in breast cancer patients.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of pantothenic acid and D-panthenol in cosmetics by high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:[Severe inflammation of the muzzle caused by a nose ring in a breeding bull].
PubMed:Protective effects of dexpanthenol and y-27632 on stricture formation in a rat model of caustic esophageal injury.
PubMed:Conservative treatment of a patient with epidermolysis bullosa presenting as bart syndrome: a case report.
PubMed:Tissue extract from Eisenia foetida as a wound-healing agent.
PubMed:[Glued eyelids by cyanoacrylate glue (superglue)].
PubMed:[Simulation of corneal epithelial injuries by mechanical and corrosive damage : Influence of fetal bovine serum and dexpanthenol on epithelial regeneration in a cell culture model].
PubMed:The nitric acid burn trauma of the skin.
PubMed:[Evidence-based cosmetics: concepts and applications in photoaging of the skin and xerosis].
PubMed:Corneal re-epithelialization following phototherapeutic keratectomy for recurrent corneal erosion as in vivo model of epithelial wound healing.
PubMed:[Effects of panthenol and carnitine on aldehyde metabolic enzymes in rats with tetrachloromethane-induced liver injury].
PubMed:Comparison of primary human fibroblasts and keratinocytes with immortalized cell lines regarding their sensitivity to sodium dodecyl sulfate in a neutral red uptake cytotoxicity assay.
PubMed:Calcium pantothenate modulates gene expression in proliferating human dermal fibroblasts.
PubMed:[Efficacy and patient benefit of treatment of irritated skin with ointments containing dexpanthenol: health services research (observational study) on self-medication in a pharmaceutical network].
PubMed:[Study of skin care in premature and newborn infants].
PubMed:Hippophae rhamnoides L. and dexpanthenol-bepanthene on blood flow after experimental skin burns in rats using 133Xe clearance technique.
PubMed:[Survey of sensory perception and patients' subjective assessment of the application of nasal sprays - the nasal-spray-sensoric-scale].
PubMed:Oxymetazoline plus dexpanthenol in nasal congestion.
PubMed:Comparison on the efficacy of dexpanthenol in sea water and saline in postoperative endoscopic sinus surgery.
PubMed:Topical fentanyl in a randomized, double-blind study in patients with corneal damage.
PubMed:Ointments as a source of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus spread.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of some water-soluble vitamins and preservatives in multivitamin syrup by validated stability-indicating high-performance liquid chromatography method.
PubMed:Safety and efficacy of a new honey ointment on diabetic foot ulcers: a prospective pilot study.
PubMed:[Can dexpanthenol prevent peritoneal adhesion formation? An experimental study].
PubMed:Natural advances in eczema care.
PubMed:[Can dexpanthenol prevent peritoneal adhesion formation? An experimental study].
PubMed:How pantothenol intervenes in Coenzyme-A biosynthesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
PubMed:Feedback inhibition of pantothenate kinase regulates pantothenol uptake by the malaria parasite.
PubMed:Efficacy of Tonimer gel spray on postoperative nasal care after endonasal surgery.
PubMed:[Clinical evaluation of the efficacy and tolerability of the ''NoAll Bimbi Pasta Trattante'' barrier cream in napkin dermatitis].
PubMed:Development of a w/o/w emulsion for chemical peeling applications containing glycolic acid.
PubMed:The protective effect of dexpanthenol on testicular atrophy at 60th day following experimental testicular torsion.
PubMed:Therapy of acute wounds with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA).
PubMed:Hamamelis in children with skin disorders and skin injuries: results of an observational study.
PubMed:Wound-healing activity of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) on chicken embryonic fibroblasts.
PubMed:Evaluation of the ultrasound influence in the cutaneous penetration of d-panthenol: test in vitro.
PubMed:Comparison of dexpanthenol and zinc oxide ointment with ointment base in the treatment of irritant diaper dermatitis from diarrhea: a multicenter study.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to panthenol and cocamidopropyl PG dimonium chloride phosphate in a facial hydrating lotion.
PubMed:Dexpanthenol pastille and benzydamine hydrochloride spray for the prevention of post-operative sore throat.
PubMed:Development and validation of reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography method for determination of dexpanthenol in pharmaceutical formulations.
PubMed:Dexpanthenol attenuates lipid peroxidation and testicular damage at experimental ischemia and reperfusion injury.
PubMed:Xenobiotics in vitro: the influence of L-cystine, pantothenat, and miliacin on metabolic and proliferative capacity of keratinocytes.
PubMed:Effects of gentiopicroside, sweroside and swertiamarine, secoiridoids from gentian (Gentiana lutea ssp. symphyandra), on cultured chicken embryonic fibroblasts.
PubMed:[Guidelines for treatment and prevention of diaper rash].
PubMed:Anaphylaxis after dexpanthenol exposure by multivitamin tablets.
PubMed:Prevention of and therapies for nipple pain: a systematic review.
PubMed:Effects of dexpanthenol with or without Aloe vera extract on radiation-induced oral mucositis: preclinical studies.
PubMed:Investigation of some topical formulations containing dexpanthenol.
PubMed:[Siccaprotect eye drop--results of treatment in clinical practice].
PubMed:Provitamin B5 (pantothenol) inhibits growth of the intraerythrocytic malaria parasite.
PubMed:Conservative procedures in skin reconstitution.
PubMed:[Conservative and surgical treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy].
PubMed:Evaluation of protective and therapeutic effects of dexpanthenol on nasal decongestants and preservatives: results of cytotoxic studies in vitro.
PubMed:[Bilateral keratitis in lagophthalmos and lower lid ectropion].
PubMed:[Dexpanthenol nasal spray in comparison to dexpanthenol nasal ointment. A prospective, randomised, open, cross-over study to compare nasal mucociliary clearance].
PubMed:Allergic and non-allergic periorbital dermatitis: patch test results of the Information Network of the Departments of Dermatology during a 5-year period.
PubMed:Pantothenic acid and pantothenol increase biosynthesis of glutathione by boosting cell energetics.
PubMed:Thêta-Cream versus Bepanthol lotion in breast cancer patients under radiotherapy. A new prophylactic agent in skin care?
PubMed:Clear hydro-gel, compared to ointment, provides improved eye comfort after brief surgery.
PubMed:Efficacy of dexpanthenol in skin protection against irritation: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
PubMed:[Gel with provitamin B5 applied during tests with the Goldmann triple-mirror].
PubMed:[Clinical evaluation of provitamin B5 drops and gel for postoperative treatment of corneal and conjuctival injuries].
PubMed:[Advance in therapy of acute rhinitis--comparison of efficacy and safety of xylometazoline in combination xylometazoline-dexpanthenol in patients with acute rhinitis].
PubMed:[The protective effect of dexpanthenol in nasal sprays. First results of cytotoxic and ciliary-toxic studies in vitro].
PubMed:[Ogilvie's syndrome: a rare cause of the acute abdomen].
PubMed:[Febrile respiratory infection and erythema in a 25-year-old man].
PubMed:[Closure of the wound defect by transferred flap of skin].
PubMed:Dexpanthenol enhances skin barrier repair and reduces inflammation after sodium lauryl sulphate-induced irritation.
PubMed:Intravenous nutrient therapy: the "Myers' cocktail".
PubMed:Dexpanthenol cream significantly improves mucocutaneous side effects associated with isotretinoin therapy.
PubMed:Intraindividual comparison of two different skin care conceptions in patients undergoing radiotherapy of the head-and-neck region. Creme or powder?
PubMed:Topical use of dexpanthenol in skin disorders.
PubMed:Topical corticosteroid therapy for acute radiation dermatitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study.
PubMed:Topical estrogens combined with argon plasma coagulation in the management of epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.
PubMed:Collagenase treatment of sore nipples.
PubMed:Colorimetric and fluorimetric methods for determination of panthenol in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulation.
PubMed:[Other drugs administered with TPN solution].
PubMed:Effect of urea and pantothenol on the permeation of progesterone through excised rat skin from polymer matrix systems.
PubMed:[Skin care in deep radiotherapy].
PubMed:Non-retractile foreskin: a single center 13-year experience.
PubMed:Contact urticaria from panthenol in hair conditioner.
PubMed:Effect of topically applied dexpanthenol on epidermal barrier function and stratum corneum hydration. Results of a human in vivo study.
PubMed:[Improving wound healing after nose surgery by combined administration of xylometazoline and dexpanthenol].
PubMed:[Dexpanthenol for dry skin. Regeneration of damaged permeability barrier of the skin].
PubMed:Protection by pantothenol and beta-carotene against liver damage produced by low-dose gamma radiation.
PubMed:Corneal wound healing after superficial foreign body injury: vitamin A and dexpanthenol versus a calf blood extract. A randomized double-blind study.
PubMed:[Dexpanthenol nasal spray as an effective therapeutic principle for treatment of rhinitis sicca anterior].
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis due to panthenol.
PubMed:Pantothenol protects rats against some deleterious effects of gamma radiation.
PubMed:[Prevention of radiochemotherapy-induced mucositis. Value of the prophylactic mouth rinsing with PVP-iodine solution].
PubMed:Can prophylactic application of immunoglobulin decrease radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis?
PubMed:Maintenance of hand eczema by oral pantothenic acid in a patient sensitized to dexpanthenol.
PubMed:Dexpanthenol enemas in ulcerative colitis: a pilot study.
PubMed:Povidone-iodine to prevent mucositis in patients during antineoplastic radiochemotherapy.
PubMed:[Clinical study of the effectiveness of a dexpanthenol containing artificial tears solution (Siccaprotect) in treatment of dry eyes].
PubMed:Skin treatment with bepanthen cream versus no cream during radiotherapy--a randomized controlled trial.
PubMed:Pantothenic acid and its derivatives protect Ehrlich ascites tumor cells against lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Efficacy of prophylactic application of immunoglobulins in radiation induced mucositis.
PubMed:[Pharmacotherapy aspects during Harrington's method of spinal surgery].
PubMed:[Postoperative management after cesarean section--infusion therapy and role of intestinal stimulation with parasympathomimetic drugs and dexpanthenon].
PubMed:Allergic contact reaction to dexpanthenol: lymphocyte transformation test and evidence for microsomal-dependent metabolism of the allergen.
PubMed:Effect of alpha-tocopherol, pyridoxine and dexpanthenol on the stress in crease of nonesterified fatty acids levels in the brain.
PubMed:[Study of pantothenic acid derivatives as cardiac protectors in a model of experimental ischemia and reperfusion of the isolated heart].
PubMed:Determination of alpha-bisabolol and d-panthenol in cosmetic products by gas chromatography.
PubMed:[Experimental studies of wound healing in the paranasal sinuses. II. Spontaneous wound healing and drug effects in a standardized wound model].
PubMed:Normal wound healing of the paranasal sinuses: clinical and experimental investigations.
PubMed:[The metabolism of panthenol in patients with postoperative intestinal atony].
PubMed:[Vipsogal in the therapy of psoriasis].
PubMed:[The combined treatment with aurobin and dipromonium of focal scleroderma].
PubMed:[Use of standardized oral hygiene in the prevention and therapy of mucositis in patients treated with radiochemotherapy of head and neck neoplasms].
PubMed:[Contact allergy to dexpanthenol].
PubMed:Contact allergy to dexpanthenol in sunscreens.
PubMed:Selected aspects of the clinical pharmacology of visceral analgesics and gut motility modifying drugs in the horse.
PubMed:[Contact allergy to dexpanthenol].
PubMed:[Gelatinous tear substitutes and nonspecific eye ointments in the critical care unit and in perioperative use].
PubMed:[Our experience in treating spontaneous abortions using the preparation Supradyn-N].
PubMed:[Densitometric determination of nicotinamide in multivitamin preparations after thin layer chromatographic separation].
PubMed:Contact allergy to dexpanthenol.
PubMed:Direct determination of D-panthenol in pharmaceutical preparations by ion-pair chromatography.
PubMed:Determination of pantothenic acid, biotin, and vitamin B12 in nutritional products.
PubMed:Motility of the distal portion of the jejunum and pelvic flexure in ponies: effects of six drugs.
PubMed:[The percutaneous action of a heparin-allantoin-dexpanthenol combination in a specific ointment base. Thrombolytic action on the rabbit ear].
PubMed:[The percutaneous effect of a heparin-allantoin-dexpanthenol combination in a specific ointment base. Anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory effect in the PCA test in the rat].
PubMed:[Transcutaneous heparin therapy. Experimental histological studies with the effective combination heparin--allantoin--D panthenol].
PubMed:[Objectification of the efficacy of an ointment for joint injuries using a volumetric method].
PubMed:[Experimental studies on radioprotection of the bladder wall by means of medicaments (experiments on 17 female domestic cats)].
PubMed:[Investigations on the percutaneous activity of a combination of heparin, allantoin and dexpanthenol in a specific ointment base, Antiinflammatory effect on UV-erythema in the guinea pig].
PubMed:Dexpanthenol (Ro 01-4709) in the treatment of constipation.
PubMed:Panthenol and glucocorticoids.
PubMed:[Contact allergy to dexpanthenol (author's transl)].
PubMed:High performance liquid chromatographic determination of panthenol in bulk, premix, and multivitamin preparations.
PubMed:[Effects of d-panthenol on electric and mechanical activities of the small intestine and colon in dogs].
PubMed:[Effect of bepanthene in visceral surgery].
PubMed:[Treatment of constipation with vitamin B5 or dexpanthenol].
PubMed:Dexpanthenol with choline bitartrate in the treatment of infantile colic.
PubMed:On the healing properties of esters of D-panthenol with terpene acids, with particular reference to D-pantothenyl trifarnesylacetate.
PubMed:The role of dexpanthenol in postoperative ileus.
PubMed:A rapid bioassay in rats for panthenol.
PubMed:[Not Available].
PubMed:The excretion of pantothenic acid in urine after administration of pantothenic acid and of panthenol.
the alcohol of pantothenic acid. Dietary supplement Panthenol is the alcohol analog of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is thus a provitamin of B5. In organisms it is quickly oxidized to pantothenate. Panthenol comes in two enantiomers, D and L. Only D-panthenol (dexpanthenol) is biologically active, however both forms have moisturizing properties. (Wikipedia)
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