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hydrogenated vegetable oil
vegetable oils, hydrogenated

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 68334-28-1
Other(deleted CASRN):105697-82-3
ECHA EC Number:269-820-6
FDA UNII: Search
Category:cocoa butter replacement
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 6.528e-021 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:bland
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses:
Hydro∼Kote M
Pureco HSC-1
Sterotex K, NF
ECSA Chemicals
ECSA Chemicals
Stepan Company
Actives, % 100
Stepan Company
Actives, % 100
Stepan Company
Actives, % 100
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
cocoa butter replacement
Recommendation for hydrogenated vegetable oil usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for hydrogenated vegetable oil flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):68334-28-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
Canada Domestic Sub. List:68334-28-1
Pubchem (sid):135292503
Other Information:
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 hydro∼kote M
 lipobutter persea
 pureco HSC-1
 sterotex K, NF
 vegetable oil hydrogenated
mixed vegetable oil, hydrogenated
hydrogenated mixed vegetable oils
mixed vegetable oils, hydrogenated
 vegetable oils, hydrogenated
 wecobee FS
 wecobee M
 wecobee S


PubMed:Characterization of cis- and trans-octadecenoic acid positional isomers in edible fat and oil using gas chromatography-flame ionisation detector equipped with highly polar ionic liquid capillary column.
PubMed:Dietary fats and cardiovascular disease: putting together the pieces of a complicated puzzle.
PubMed:Cross-generational trans fat intake exacerbates UV radiation-induced damage in rat skin.
PubMed:Oxidative stress and fatty acid profile in Wistar rats subjected to acute food restriction and refeeding with high-fat diets.
PubMed:Prolonged consumption of trans fat favors the development of orofacial dyskinesia and anxiety-like symptoms in older rats.
PubMed:The effects of low-molecular-weight emulsifiers in O/W-emulsions on microviscosity of non-solidified oil in fat globules and the mobility of emulsifiers at the globule surfaces.
PubMed:Aligning food-processing policies to promote healthier fat consumption in India.
PubMed:Reformulating partially hydrogenated vegetable oils to maximise health gains in India: is it feasible and will it meet consumer demand?
PubMed:Resolution behavior of cis- and trans-octadecenoic acid isomers by AOCS official method using SP-2560 column.
PubMed:Preparation methods for monodispersed garlic oil microspheres in water using the microemulsion technique and their potential as antimicrobials.
PubMed:Lipase-catalysed interesterification between canola oil and fully hydrogenated canola oil in contact with supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Enzymatic production of trans fatty acid free fat from partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSO)--theory, strategy and practicability.
PubMed:Influence of lifelong dietary fats on the brain fatty acids and amphetamine-induced behavioral responses in adult rat.
PubMed:Reduction in lipid oxidation by incorporation of encapsulated sodium tripolyphosphate in ground turkey.
PubMed:Combustion of hydrotreated vegetable oil and jatropha methyl ester in a heavy duty engine: emissions and bacterial mutagenicity.
PubMed:Mass spectra of methyl esters of brominated fatty acids and their presence in soft drinks and cocktail syrups.
PubMed:Is there still a future for hydrogenated vegetable oils?
PubMed:Enzymatic production of zero-trans plastic fat rich in α-linolenic acid and medium-chain fatty acids from highly hydrogenated soybean oil, Cinnamomum camphora seed oil, and perilla oil by lipozyme TL IM.
PubMed:Formulated squalene for food related applications.
PubMed:The protective effect of menhaden oil in the oxidative damage and renal necrosis due to dietary choline deficiency.
PubMed:Critical laminar shear-temperature effects on the nano- and mesoscale structure of a model fat and its relationship to oil binding and rheological properties.
PubMed:The relation between dietary intake of vegetable oils and serum lipids and apolipoprotein levels in central Iran.
PubMed:Novel soybean oils differing in fatty acid composition alter immune functions of moderately hypercholesterolemic older adults.
PubMed:Unsaturated emulsifier-mediated modification of the mechanical strength and oil binding capacity of a model edible fat crystallized under shear.
PubMed:Dietary fatty acids and cardiovascular disease.
PubMed:Fatty acid composition including trans-fatty acids in edible oils and fats: probable intake in Indian population.
PubMed:Predicted changes in fatty acid intakes, plasma lipids, and cardiovascular disease risk following replacement of trans fatty acid-containing soybean oil with application-appropriate alternatives.
PubMed:The role of genomics and biotechnology in achieving global food security for high-oleic vegetable oil.
PubMed:Effect of heating oils and fats in containers of different materials on their trans fatty acid content.
PubMed:Use of palm-oil by-products in chicken and rabbit feeds: effect on the fatty acid and tocol composition of meat, liver and plasma.
PubMed:Investigation of unsaponifiable matter of plant oils and isolation of eight phytosterols by means of high-speed counter-current chromatography.
PubMed:State of dispersed lipid carrier and interface composition as determinants of beta-carotene stability in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Lipase-catalyzed interesterification in packed bed reactor using 2 different temperatures.
PubMed:Changes in fat contents of US snack foods in response to mandatory trans fat labelling.
PubMed:Chemical interesterification of blends of palm stearin, coconut oil, and canola oil: physicochemical properties.
PubMed:Dietary pattern and risk of multiple sclerosis.
PubMed:Effect of trans fatty acids intake on blood lipid profile of workers in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
PubMed:Determination of trace nickel in hydrogenated cottonseed oil by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after microwave-assisted digestion.
PubMed:A prospective study of intake of trans-fatty acids from ruminant fat, partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, and marine oils and mortality from CVD.
PubMed:Chronic consumption of trans-fat-rich diet increases hepatic cholesterol levels and impairs muscle insulin sensitivity without leading to hepatic steatosis and hypertriglyceridemia in female Fischer rats.
PubMed:Differential effects of the trans-18:1 isomer profile of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils on cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in male F1B hamsters.
PubMed:Amended safety assessment of Sesamum indicum (sesame) seed oil, hydrogenated sesame seed oil, Sesamum indicum (sesame) oil unsaponifiables, and sodium sesameseedate.
PubMed:Effect of industrially produced trans fat on markers of systemic inflammation: evidence from a randomized trial in women.
PubMed:Crystallization of fully hydrogenated and interesterified fat and vegetable oil.
PubMed:Stability of β-carotene in protein-stabilized oil-in-water delivery systems.
PubMed:Effect of blending and emulsification on thermal behavior, solid fat content, and microstructure properties of palm oil-based margarine fats.
PubMed:Effect of diet saturation on growth performance, carcass characteristics and fat quality of heavy pigs.
PubMed:Differential effect of corn oil-based low trans structured fat on the plasma and hepatic lipid profile in an atherogenic mouse model: comparison to hydrogenated trans fat.
PubMed:Selectively hydrogenated soybean oil exerts strong anti-prostate cancer activities.
PubMed:Replacing trans fat: the argument for palm oil with a cautionary note on interesterification.
PubMed:Palm oil and health: a case of manipulated perception and misuse of science.
PubMed:Effect of carnitine supplementation on mitochondrial enzymes in liver and skeletal muscle of rat after dietary lipid manipulation and physical activity.
PubMed:Quality of fried broiler chicken leg muscles stored at different temperatures.
PubMed:Quantification of oil binding capacity of structuring fats: A novel method and its application.
PubMed:Relationship between major dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome among individuals with impaired glucose tolerance.
PubMed:Analysis of triglycerides in food items by desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Physicochemical effects of the lipid phase and protein level on meat emulsion stability, texture, and microstructure.
PubMed:Effects of partially hydrogenated, semi-saturated, and high oleate vegetable oils on inflammatory markers and lipids.
PubMed:Production of trans-free margarine stock by enzymatic interesterification of rice bran oil, palm stearin and coconut oil.
PubMed:A practical and nontarnishing method for the analysis of trace nickel in hydrogenated cottonseed oil by inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry with pressurized PTFE vessel acid digestion.
PubMed:Food sources of individual plasma phospholipid trans fatty acid isomers: the Cardiovascular Health Study.
PubMed:Separation of isomeric octadecenoic fatty acids in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils as p-methoxyphenacyl esters using a single-column silver ion high-performance liquid chromatography (Ag-HPLC).
PubMed:Trans fat intake in children: risks and recommendations.
PubMed:Total trans fatty acid analysis in spreadable cheese by capillary zone electrophoresis.
PubMed:Effect of dietary lipid, carnitine and exercise on lipid profile in rat blood, liver and muscle.
PubMed:Levels of trans fats in diets consumed in developing economies.
PubMed:Feasibility of recommending certain replacement or alternative fats.
PubMed:Quantitative effects on cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease risk of replacing partially hydrogenated vegetable oils with other fats and oils.
PubMed:Substitution of vegetable oil for a partially-hydrogenated fat favorably alters cardiovascular disease risk factors in moderately hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
PubMed:The negative effects of hydrogenated trans fats and what to do about them.
PubMed:Enzymatic production of trans-free hard fat stock from fractionated rice bran oil, fully hydrogenated soybean oil, and conjugated linoleic Acid.
PubMed:Evaluating the trans fatty acid, CLA, PUFA and erucic acid diversity in human milk from five regions in China.
PubMed:Formation of trans fatty acids in chicken legs during frying.
PubMed:Home use of vegetable oils, markers of systemic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction among women.
PubMed:Severe NAFLD with hepatic necroinflammatory changes in mice fed trans fats and a high-fructose corn syrup equivalent.
PubMed:Dietary fat, cooking fat, and breast cancer risk in a multiethnic population.
PubMed:Interesterification of olive oil with a fully hydrogenated fat in a batch reactor using step changes in temperature.
PubMed:Effects of a saturated fat and high cholesterol diet on memory and hippocampal morphology in the middle-aged rat.
PubMed:Role of trans fatty acids in health and challenges to their reduction in Indian foods.
PubMed:Trans fatty acids in maternal milk lead to cardiac insulin resistance in adult offspring.
PubMed:Preparation of interesterified plastic fats from fats and oils free of trans fatty acid.
PubMed:The development of a novel cooking method (alternate roasting with its own fat) for chicken to improve nutritional value.
PubMed:Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular risk: a unique cardiometabolic imprint?
PubMed:Effect of substitution of high stearic low linolenic acid soybean oil for hydrogenated soybean oil on fatty acid intake.
PubMed:Amended final report on the safety assessment of glyceryl dilaurate, glyceryl diarachidate, glyceryl dibehenate, glyceryl dierucate, glyceryl dihydroxystearate, glyceryl diisopalmitate, glyceryl diisostearate, glyceryl dilinoleate, glyceryl dimyristate, glyceryl dioleate, glyceryl diricinoleate, glyceryl dipalmitate, glyceryl dipalmitoleate, glyceryl distearate, glyceryl palmitate lactate, glyceryl stearate citrate, glyceryl stearate lactate, and glyceryl stearate succinate.
PubMed:Final report on the safety assessment of Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Glyceryl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate SE, Ricinoleic Acid, Potassium Ricinoleate, Sodium Ricinoleate, Zinc Ricinoleate, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Ethyl Ricinoleate, Glycol Ricinoleate, Isopropyl Ricinoleate, Methyl Ricinoleate, and Octyldodecyl Ricinoleate.
PubMed:Physicochemical and volatiles characterization of trans-free solid fats produced by lipase-catalyzed interesterification.
PubMed:A rapid method for trans-fatty acid determination using a single capillary GC.
PubMed:Effect of substitution of low linolenic acid soybean oil for hydrogenated soybean oil on fatty acid intake.
PubMed:Improved determination of isolated trans isomers in edible oils by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy using spectral reconstitution.
PubMed:Dietary patterns, food groups and myocardial infarction: a case-control study.
PubMed:Selected quality parameters of salmon and meat when fried with or without added fat.
PubMed:Dietary fatty acids early in life affect lipid metabolism and adiposity in young rats.
PubMed:Hydrogenation and interesterification effects on the oxidative stability and melting point of soybean oil.
PubMed:Palm and partially hydrogenated soybean oils adversely alter lipoprotein profiles compared with soybean and canola oils in moderately hyperlipidemic subjects.
PubMed:Cyclic fatty acid monomer formation in domestic frying of frozen foods in sunflower oil and high oleic acid sunflower oil without oil replenishment.
PubMed:New and existing oils and fats used in products with reduced trans-fatty acid content.
PubMed:Impact of fat and water crystallization on the stability of hydrogenated palm oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by a nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:The Mediterranean diet: science and practice.
PubMed:Inter-esterified palm products as alternatives to hydrogenation.
PubMed:Quality of margarine: fats selection and processing parameters.
PubMed:Nonhydrogenated cottonseed oil can be used as a deep fat frying medium to reduce trans-fatty acid content in french fries.
PubMed:Controlled release of protein from hydrocolloid gel microbeads before and after drying.
PubMed:Oxidative stability measurement of high-stability oils by pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC).
PubMed:Preparation of spread oils meeting U.S. Food and Drug Administration Labeling requirements for trans fatty acids via pressure-controlled hydrogenation.
PubMed:Triacylglycerol structure and composition of hydrogenated soybean oil margarine and shortening basestocks.
PubMed:Evaluation of gas chromatography-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry for the determination of organochlorine pesticides in fats and oils.
PubMed:Hypolipidemic and antioxidant properties of tocotrienol rich fraction isolated from rice bran oil in experimentally induced hyperlipidemic rats.
PubMed:Vegetable oil stability at elevated temperatures in the presence of ferric stearate and ferrous octanoate.
PubMed:Effect of fat nature and aroma compound hydrophobicity on flavor release from complex food emulsions.
PubMed:Nature and composition of fat bloom from palm kernel stearin and hydrogenated palm kernel stearin compound chocolates.
PubMed:Effects of different cooking procedures on lipid quality and cholesterol oxidation of farmed salmon fish (Salmo salar).
PubMed:Factors other than phytosterols in some vegetable oils affect the survival of SHRSP rats.
PubMed:Matching avrami indices achieves similar hardnesses in palm oil-based fats.
PubMed:Serum cholesterol predictive equations in product development.
PubMed:Long-term supplementation of various dietary lipids alters bone mineral content, mechanical properties and histological characteristics of Japanese quail.
PubMed:Dual fortification of salt with iodine and microencapsulated iron: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in Moroccan schoolchildren.
PubMed:Multivariate characterization of the fatty acid profile of spanish cookies and bakery products.
PubMed:Expression of a Streptomyces 3-hydroxysteroid oxidase gene in oilseeds for converting phytosterols to phytostanols.
PubMed:Effects of feeding pigs increasing levels of C 18:1 trans fatty acids on fatty acid composition of backfat and intramuscular fat as well as backfat firmness.
PubMed:Trans fatty acids in maternal diet may impair lipid biosynthesis in mammary gland of lactating rats.
PubMed:Temperature-sensitive resolution of cis- and trans-fatty acid isomers of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils on SP-2560 and CP-Sil 88 capillary columns.
PubMed:Identification of conjugated linoleic acids in hydrogenated soybean oil by silver ion-impregnated HPLC and gas chromatography-ion impacted mass spectrometry of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives.
PubMed:Edible arabinoxylan-based films. 1. Effects of lipid type on water vapor permeability, film structure, and other physical characteristics.
PubMed:High-oleic and high-stearic cottonseed oils: nutritionally improved cooking oils developed using gene silencing.
PubMed:A 13-week feeding study in the rat with shea oleine and hardened shea oleine.
PubMed:Arabinoxylan-lipid-based edible films and coatings. 3. Influence of drying temperature on film structure and functional properties.
PubMed:Measurement of emissions from air pollution sources. 4. C1-C27 organic compounds from cooking with seed oils.
PubMed:Arabinoxylan-lipids-based edible films and coatings. 2. Influence of sucroester nature on the emulsion structure and film properties.
PubMed:Serum cholesterol predictive equations with special emphasis on trans and saturated fatty acids. an analysis from designed controlled studies.
PubMed:Final report on the safety assessment of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Oil, Hydrogenated Peanut Oil, Peanut Acid, Peanut Glycerides, and Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Flour.
PubMed:Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular risk.
PubMed:Effect of cooling rate on nucleation behavior of milk fat--sunflower oil blends.
PubMed:Effects of temperature and agitation rate on the formation of conjugated linoleic acids in soybean oil during hydrogenation process.
PubMed:The effect of different dietary fats on gastrin levels in the pyloric antrum and plasma of weaner and adult Wistar rats.
PubMed:Non-detectable levels of trans-fatty acids in peanut butter.
PubMed:Partially hydrogenated soybean oil reduces postprandial t-PA activity compared with palm oil.
PubMed:Follow-up of the delta4 to delta16 trans-18:1 isomer profile and content in French processed foods containing partially hydrogenated vegetable oils during the period 1995-1999. Analytical and nutritional implications.
PubMed:Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the food chain in Europe.
PubMed:Synthesis and estimation of calorific value of a structured lipid-potential reduced calorie fat.
PubMed:Conjugated linoleic acid isomers in partially hydrogenated soybean oil obtained during nonselective and selective hydrogenation processes.
PubMed:Dietary phospholipid-dependent reductions in gene expression and activity of liver enzymes in fatty acid synthesis in fasted-refed rats.
PubMed:A case-control study of colorectal adenomatous polyps and consumption of foods containing partially hydrogenated oils.
PubMed:Replacement of animal fat with fractionated and partially hydrogenated palm oil in beef burgers.
PubMed:Impact of processing on formation of trans fatty acids.
PubMed:Magnesium silicate treatment of dietary heated fats: effects on rat liver enzyme activity.
PubMed:Nutritional aspects of hydrogenated and regular soybean oil added to diets of broiler chickens.
PubMed:Poor digestibility of fully hydrogenated soybean oil in rats: a potential benefit of hydrogenated fats and oils.
PubMed:Purification and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of non-methylene interrupted fatty acid incorporated in rat liver.
PubMed:Coagulation and fibrinolysis factors in healthy subjects consuming high stearic or trans fatty acid diets.
PubMed:Variation of plasma cholesterol levels in rats fed trans fatty acids or cis fatty acids.
PubMed:Effects of randomization of partially hydrogenated corn oil on fatty acid and cholesterol absorption, and tissue lipid levels in rats.
PubMed:Similar distribution of trans fatty acid isomers in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and adipose tissue of Canadians.
PubMed:Determination of trans unsaturation by infrared spectrophotometry and determination of fatty acid composition of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and animal fats by gas chromatography/infrared spectrophotometry: collaborative study.
PubMed:Storage stability of cooked sausages containing vegetable oils.
PubMed:[Hydrogenated products in Brazil: trans isomers, physico-chemical characteristics and fatty acid composition].
PubMed:Dietary lipids and risk of autoimmune disease.
PubMed:Trans fatty acids: are the effects only marginal?
PubMed:Biochemical and toxicological studies on the effect of high and low erucic acid rapeseed oil on rats.
PubMed:Fatty acids in some common food items in Canada.
PubMed:Influence of dietary fat on DNA binding by 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) in the mouse liver.
PubMed:Multigeneration studies on red palm oil, and on hydrogenated vegetable oil containing mahua oil.
PubMed:The effect of different dietary fats on gastrin levels in the pyloric antrum and plasma of weaner and adult Wistar rats.
PubMed:Influence of demetallization of hydrogenated sunflower oil on changes in the forms of heavy metals and their pro-oxidative effects.
PubMed:Application of polyuronides for removing heavy metals from vegetable oils. III. Application of alginic acid, pectic and pectinic acids for demetalization of hydrogenated sunflower oil.
PubMed:[Intake of trans-isomeric fatty acids--an evaluation on the basis of data of the national consumption study in 1991].
PubMed:Tropical oils: nutritional and scientific issues.
PubMed:Metabolism of meadowfoam oil fatty acids in mice.
PubMed:Identification of minor C18 triene and conjugated diene isomers in hydrogenated soybean oil and margarine by GC-MI-FT-IR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Effect of trans fatty acids on plasma lipids, platelet function and systolic blood pressure in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:Reproductive toxicology and nutritional studies on mahua oil (Madhuca latifolia).
PubMed:Food systems: the relationship between health and food science/technology.
PubMed:[Effect of the incorporation of additives on the aging of corn starch gels and "arepas"].
PubMed:Regulation of essential fatty acid intake in the rat: self-selection of corn oil.
PubMed:Feeding of partially hydrogenated fish oils to rats in comparison with partially hydrogenated soybean oil and refined rapeseed oil: a combined chronic oral toxicity and carcinogenicity study with in utero phase.
PubMed:The use of hydrogenated fish oil to extend vegetable oil.
PubMed:The preference-aversion behavior of rats for nutritionally-controlled diets containing oil or fat.
PubMed:Serum factors which alter cell membranes.
PubMed:N-Nitrosopyrrolidine formation in bacon.
PubMed:Aversion of the cat to dietary medium-chain triglycerides and caprylic acid.
PubMed:[Influence of heating and long-lasting storage on the changes of some physico-chemical indexes of rape oil, margarine and hydrogenated plant oil ("Ceres")].
None found
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