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crocin 2
crocetin gentiobiosylglucosyl ester

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CAS Number: 55750-84-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Nikkaji Web:J40.299K
XlogP3-AA:-0.30 (est)
Molecular Weight:814.83318000
Formula:C38 H54 O19
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:natural substances and extractives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 346.3 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Alfa Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Crocin II 98%
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Crocin II
For experimental / research use only.
Crocin II
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
natural substances and extractives
Recommendation for crocin 2 usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for crocin 2 flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :9940690
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
1-O-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] 16-O-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl] (2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E)-2,6,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-2,4,6,8,10,12,14-heptaenedioate
 1-O-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] 16-O-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl] (2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E)-2,6,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-2,4,6,8,10,12,14-heptaenedioate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):9940690
Pubchem (cas):55750-84-0
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
KEGG (GenomeNet):C17513
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB02376
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 saffron silk stigma style
Search Trop Picture
trans-crocetin (beta-D-glucosyl)-(beta-D-gentiobiosyl) ester
all-trans-crocetin beta-D-gentiobiosyl-beta-D-glucosyl ester
 crocetin gentiobiosylglucosyl ester
 crocin II
beta-D-glucopyranose, 6-o-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-, 1-((2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl 2,6,11,15-tetramethyl-2,4,6,8,10,12,14-hexadecaheptaenedioate)
1-O-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] 16-O-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl] (2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E)-2,6,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-2,4,6,8,10,12,14-heptaenedioate


PubMed:Protective effects of saffron and its active components against oxidative stress and apoptosis in endothelial cells.
PubMed:Effects of saffron and its constituents, crocin-1, crocin-2, and crocetin on α-synuclein fibrils.
PubMed:The effects of crocin on the symptoms of depression in subjects with metabolic syndrome.
PubMed:Gardenia jasminoides has therapeutic effects on L‑NNA‑induced hypertension in vivo.
PubMed:Gastrointestinal absorption, antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effect of the major carotenoids of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis on cancer cells.
PubMed:Two standardized fractions of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis with rapid antidepressant effects are differentially associated with BDNF up-regulation in the hippocampus.
PubMed:[Study on crocins reference extract and application on assay of Croci Stigma].
PubMed:Structural characterization of highly glucosylated crocins and regulation of their biosynthesis during flower development in Crocus.
PubMed:Quality control of Gardeniae Fructus by HPLC-PDA fingerprint coupled with chemometric methods.
PubMed:Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of gardenia fruit oil with bioactive components and their identification and quantification by HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS(2).
PubMed:Systematic separation and purification of iridoid glycosides and crocetin derivatives from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
PubMed:Quality control and producing areas differentiation of Gardeniae Fructus for eight bioactive constituents by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS.
PubMed:[Study on the chemical components of Gardenia jasminoides].
PubMed:Antidepressant properties of bioactive fractions from the extract of Crocus sativus L.
PubMed:[Contents of diterpenoid pigments in didifferent parts of fruit from Gardenia jasminoides].
PubMed:[Content comparison of diterpenoid pigments in different processed products of Gardenia jasminoides].
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of 3 kinds of components in Gardenia by high-performance liquid chromatography under different UV-vis wave length].
PubMed:[In vitro evaluation of the chemopreventive potential of saffron].
PubMed:Simultaneous quantification of five major biologically active ingredients of saffron by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Effects of crocin analogs on ocular blood flow and retinal function.
None found
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