volcanic ash
amorphous, inorganic silicate obtained from lava deposits
 
Notes:
None found
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Category: abrasives, absorbents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: abrasives
absorbents
bulking agents
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Suppliers:
 None found
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: abrasives, absorbents
Recommendation for volcanic ash usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for volcanic ash flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
None found
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References:
None found
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Other Information:
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 found in nature
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Synonyms:
 amorphous, inorganic silicate obtained from lava deposits
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Articles:
PubMed: Note: A miniature oscillating microbalance for sampling ice and volcanic ash from a small airborne platform.
PubMed: Ecological distribution of extremely thermophilic bacteria belonging to the genus Calditerricola using the novel enrichment MPN-PCR method.
PubMed: Stability of volcanic ash aggregates and break-up processes.
PubMed: Size limits for rounding of volcanic ash particles heated by lightning.
PubMed: Sintering of polydisperse viscous droplets.
PubMed: Wetting and Spreading of Molten Volcanic Ash in Jet Engines.
PubMed: Ash aggregation enhanced by deposition and redistribution of salt on the surface of volcanic ash in eruption plumes.
PubMed: Dynamics of volcanic ash remobilisation by wind through the Patagonian steppe after the eruption of Cordón Caulle, 2011.
PubMed: Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Studies of Imogolite and Fe-Modified Imogolite Nanotubes.
PubMed: Occupational exposure to Mount Etna's basaltic dust: Assessment of mutagenic and cytotoxic effects.
PubMed: High resolution 3D confocal microscope imaging of volcanic ash particles.
PubMed: Volcanic ash supports a diverse bacterial community in a marine mesocosm.
PubMed: Long-term dust aerosol production from natural sources in Iceland.
PubMed: Stem and crown growth of Japanese larch and its hybrid F1 grown in two soils and exposed to two free-air O3 regimes.
PubMed: Heterogeneous Ice Nucleation by Soufriere Hills Volcanic Ash Immersed in Water Droplets.
PubMed: Effect of particle volume fraction on the settling velocity of volcanic ash particles: insights from joint experimental and numerical simulations.
PubMed: Volcanic ash-based geopolymer cements/concretes: the current state of the art and perspectives.
PubMed: Combined exposure of diesel exhaust particles and respirable Soufrière Hills volcanic ash causes a (pro-)inflammatory response in an in vitro multicellular epithelial tissue barrier model.
PubMed: Controls on carbon storage and weathering in volcanic soils across a high-elevation climate gradient on Mauna Kea, Hawaii.
PubMed: [Effects of volcanic eruptions on human health in Iceland. Review].
PubMed: Application of volcanic ash particles for protein affinity purification with a minimized silica-binding tag.
PubMed: Development of Soil Bacterial Communities in Volcanic Ash Microcosms in a Range of Climates.
PubMed: Removal of phosphorus from water by using volcanic ash soil (VAS): batch and column experiments.
PubMed: Long-term health effects of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study in 2010 and 2013.
PubMed: Acute effects of aircraft noise on cardiovascular admissions - an interrupted time-series analysis of a six-day closure of London Heathrow Airport caused by volcanic ash.
PubMed: [Exometabolites of the Fungal Isolates (Genus Penicillium, Section Chrysogena) from Low-Temperature Ecotopes].
PubMed: Characterization of freshwater changes in lakes of Nahuel Huapi National Park produced by the 2011 Puyehue-Cordón Caulle eruption.
PubMed: Cryoconite pans on Snowball Earth: supraglacial oases for Cryogenian eukaryotes?
PubMed: Thin Ice Films at Mineral Surfaces.
PubMed: Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores.
PubMed: Fractionation and Mobility of Thallium in Volcanic Ashes after Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull (2010) in Iceland.
PubMed: Artificial cloud test confirms volcanic ash detection using infrared spectral imaging.
PubMed: Atmospheric Processing of Volcanic Glass: Effects on Iron Solubility and Redox Speciation.
PubMed: Volcanic ash leaching as a means of tracing the environmental impact of the 2011 Grímsvötn eruption, Iceland.
PubMed: Cumulative effects of volcanic ash on the food preferences of two Orthopteran species.
PubMed: Volcanic ash melting under conditions relevant to ash turbine interactions.
PubMed: Retrieving the real refractive index of mono- and polydisperse colloids from reflectance near the critical angle.
PubMed: Volcano-related materials in concretes: a comprehensive review.
PubMed: Detection of Tephra Layers in Antarctic Sediment Cores with Hyperspectral Imaging.
PubMed: Thermal vesiculation during volcanic eruptions.
PubMed: The in vitro respiratory toxicity of cristobalite-bearing volcanic ash.
PubMed: Traumatic Inhalation due to Merapi Volcanic Ash.
PubMed: Visualizing Volcanic Clouds in the Atmosphere and Their Impact on Air Traffic.
PubMed: Metal enrichment of soils following the April 2012-2013 eruptive activity of the Popocatépetl volcano, Puebla, Mexico.
PubMed: First discovery of Holocene cryptotephra in Amazonia.
PubMed: The joy of transient chaos.
PubMed: Dust in the wind: How climate variables and volcanic dust affect rates of tooth wear in Central American howling monkeys.
PubMed: Extremely High Phosphate Sorption Capacity in Cu-Pb-Zn Mine Tailings.
PubMed: Hail formation triggers rapid ash aggregation in volcanic plumes.
PubMed: Ecosystem recharge by volcanic dust drives broad-scale variation in bird abundance.
PubMed: Microbial diversity on Icelandic glaciers and ice caps.
PubMed: Emergency hospital visits in association with volcanic ash, dust storms and other sources of ambient particles: a time-series study in Reykjavík, Iceland.
PubMed: Probabilistic detection of volcanic ash using a Bayesian approach.
PubMed: Autecology of microorganisms of typical Ecuador biotopes.
PubMed: Cryptotephras: the revolution in correlation and precision dating.
PubMed: Multifractal properties of a closed contour: a peek beyond the shape analysis.
PubMed: Respirable volcanic ash is distinct mineralogically, physicochemically and toxicologically from soils originating from weathered volcanic products. A comment on Cervini-Silva et al. (2014) "Lipid peroxidation and cytotoxicity induced by respirable volcanic ash".
PubMed: Mechanical resilience and cementitious processes in Imperial Roman architectural mortar.
PubMed: Relationship between soil type and N₂O reductase genotype (nosZ) of indigenous soybean bradyrhizobia: nosZ-minus populations are dominant in Andosols.
PubMed: Effect of long-term different fertilization on bacterial community structures and diversity in citrus orchard soil of volcanic ash.
PubMed: Risk perceptions and trust following the 2010 and 2011 Icelandic volcanic ash crises.
PubMed: The α-β phase transition in volcanic cristobalite.
PubMed: Petrological and seismic precursors of the paroxysmal phase of the last Vesuvius eruption on March 1944.
PubMed: Validation of a continuous flow method for the determination of soluble iron in atmospheric dust and volcanic ash.
PubMed: UV polarization lidar for remote sensing new particles formation in the atmosphere.
PubMed: Importance of nanoparticles and colloids from volcanic ash for riverine transport of trace elements to the ocean: evidence from glacial-fed rivers after the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland.
PubMed: Lipid peroxidation and cytotoxicity induced by respirable volcanic ash.
PubMed: The psychosocial impact of the environmental damage caused by the MT Merapi eruption on survivors in Indonesia.
PubMed: Nocardioides rubroscoriae sp. nov., isolated from volcanic ash.
PubMed: Silica and double-stranded RNA synergistically induce bronchial epithelial apoptosis and airway inflammation.
PubMed: Impact of volcanic ash on anammox communities in deep sea sediments.
PubMed: Detection of radioactive fragments in patients after radiological or nuclear emergencies using computed tomography and digital radiography.
PubMed: High-precision timeline for Earth's most severe extinction.
PubMed: Volcanic ash and daily mortality in Sweden after the Icelandic volcano eruption of May 2011.
PubMed: Consequences of volcanic ash deposition on the locomotor performance of the Phymaturus spectabilis lizard from Patagonia, Argentina.
PubMed: Physicochemical and toxicological profiling of ash from the 2010 and 2011 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn volcanoes, Iceland using a rapid respiratory hazard assessment protocol.
PubMed: Volcanic sintering: Timescales of viscous densification and strength recovery.
PubMed: Arsenic accumulation by edible aquatic macrophytes.
PubMed: Volcanic-ash sensor to take flight.
PubMed: Professional exposure to basaltic rock dust: assessment by the Vibrio fischeri ecotoxicological test.
PubMed: Identification and characterization of individual airborne volcanic ash particles by Raman microspectroscopy.
PubMed: Triboelectric charging of volcanic ash from the 2011 Grímsvötn eruption.
PubMed: Risk, interest groups and the definition of crisis: the case of volcanic ash.
PubMed: Sorption kinetics of diuron on volcanic ash derived soils.
PubMed: Colloidal stability of nanoparticles derived from simulated cloud-processed mineral dusts.
PubMed: Volcanic ash in the air we breathe.
PubMed: A retrospective study on acute health effects due to volcanic ash exposure during the eruption of Mount Etna (Sicily) in 2002.
PubMed: Neurotoxic potential of lunar and martian dust: influence on em, proton gradient, active transport, and binding of glutamate in rat brain nerve terminals.
PubMed: The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: new data on volcanic ash dispersal and its potential impact on human evolution.
PubMed: Volcanic ash and the respiratory immune system: possible mechanisms behind reported infections.
PubMed: [Interaction of cyanobacteria with volcanic ash].
PubMed: Characterization of the atrazine sorption process on Andisol and Ultisol volcanic ash-derived soils: kinetic parameters and the contribution of humic fractions.
PubMed: Heterogeneous photooxidation of fluorotelomer alcohols: a new source of aerosol-phase perfluorinated carboxylic acids.
PubMed: Practical depolarization-ratio-based inversion procedure: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull ash cloud over the Netherlands.
PubMed: Arsenic chemistry and remediation in Hawaiian soils.
PubMed: Effects of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash on innate immune system responses and bacterial growth in vitro.
PubMed: An extreme wind erosion event of the fresh Eyjafjallajökull 2010 volcanic ash.
PubMed: The structure of volcanic cristobalite in relation to its toxicity; relevance for the variable crystalline silica hazard.
PubMed: Episodic eruptions of volcanic ash trigger a reversible cascade of nuisance species outbreaks in pristine coral habitats.
PubMed: A novel method for RNA extraction from Andosols using casein and its application to amoA gene expression study in soil.
PubMed: Elevational patterns in archaeal diversity on Mt. Fuji.
PubMed: Ice nucleation by particles immersed in supercooled cloud droplets.
PubMed: Ordovician ash geochemistry and the establishment of land plants.
PubMed: Urban pollution.
PubMed: Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards.
PubMed: Heterogeneous photochemistry of oxalic acid on Mauritanian sand and Icelandic volcanic ash.
PubMed: Complete genome sequence of Leptospirillum ferrooxidans strain C2-3, isolated from a fresh volcanic ash deposit on the island of Miyake, Japan.
PubMed: Correlation of the KHS Tuff of the Kibish Formation to volcanic ash layers at other sites, and the age of early Homo sapiens (Omo I and Omo II).
PubMed: Medical papyri show the effects of the Santorini eruption heavily influenced the development of ancient medicine.
PubMed: Arsenic and associated trace-elements in groundwater from the Chaco-Pampean plain, Argentina: results from 100 years of research.
PubMed: Cr(VI) retention and transport through Fe(III)-coated natural zeolite.
PubMed: Increased mortality of respiratory diseases, including lung cancer, in the area with large amount of ashfall from Mount Sakurajima volcano.
PubMed: Factorial experimental design application in modification of volcanic ash as a natural adsorbent with Fenton process for arsenic removal.
PubMed: Media, risk, and absence of blame for "acts of God": attenuation of the European volcanic ash cloud of 2010.
PubMed: Air density 2.7 billion years ago limited to less than twice modern levels by fossil raindrop imprints.
PubMed: Environmental changes and macroinvertebrate responses in Patagonian streams (Argentina) to ashfall from the Chaitén Volcano (May 2008).
PubMed: Late Jurassic salamandroid from western Liaoning, China.
PubMed: A survey of early health effects of the Eyjafjallajokull 2010 eruption in Iceland: a population-based study.
PubMed: [The Laki fog of 1783. Volcanic activity and health crises in Europe].
PubMed: Multivariate factorial analysis to design a robust batch leaching test to assess the volcanic ash geochemical hazard.
PubMed: Laser-based air data system for aircraft control using Raman and elastic backscatter for the measurement of temperature, density, pressure, moisture, and particle backscatter coefficient.
PubMed: [Analysis of volcanic-ash-based insoluble ingredients of facial cleansers].
PubMed: A chronological framework for a long and persistent archaeological record: Melka Kunture, Ethiopia.
PubMed: Geochronology of the Turkana depression of northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of imogolite/DNA hybrid hydrogels.
PubMed: Progenitor-derivative speciation in Pozoa (Apiaceae, Azorelloideae) of the southern Andes.
PubMed: Analysis of early bacterial communities on volcanic deposits on the island of Miyake (Miyake-jima), Japan: a 6-year study at a fixed site.
PubMed: The bioreactivity of the sub-10 μm component of volcanic ash: Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat.
PubMed: The European air traffic management response to volcanic ash crises: towards institutionalised aviation crisis management.
PubMed: Chemical and morphological characterization of aerosol particles at Mt. Krvavec, Slovenia, during the Eyjafjallajökull Icelandic volcanic eruption.
PubMed: Characterization of Eyjafjallajokull volcanic ash particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment.
PubMed: Jet engine coatings for resisting volcanic ash damage.
PubMed: The response of vegetation on the Andean flank in western Amazonia to Pleistocene climate change.
PubMed: Effect of pulp mill sludge on soil characteristics, microbial community and vegetal production of Lolium Perenne.
PubMed: Respiratory health effects of volcanic ash with special reference to Iceland. A review.
PubMed: Current major cancer targets for nanoparticle systems.
PubMed: Use of ferric-impregnated volcanic ash for arsenate (V) adsorption from contaminated water with various mineralization degrees.
PubMed: The Pleistocene archaeology and environments of the Wasiriya Beds, Rusinga Island, Kenya.
PubMed: An eruption of European B-cell biology.
PubMed: Marmoricola korecus sp. nov.
PubMed: Environmental geochemistry of ancient volcanic ashes.
PubMed: Retrieving radius, concentration, optical depth, and mass of different types of aerosols from high-resolution infrared nadir spectra.
PubMed: CSF GFAP: Volcanic ash from anti-aquaporin-4 antibody-mediated destruction of astrocytes.
PubMed: Comparison of transport and attachment behaviors of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and oocyst-sized microspheres being advected through three minerologically different granular porous media.
PubMed: Develop instruments to monitor volcanic ash fallout.
PubMed: Syndromic surveillance to assess the potential public health impact of the Icelandic volcanic ash plume across the United Kingdom, April 2010.
PubMed: Flight disruption. Volcanic ash cloud affects cancer drug supplies.
PubMed: Volcanic ash should not be presumed harmless in long term.
PubMed: Study of sticky rice-lime mortar technology for the restoration of historical masonry construction.
PubMed: Metsulfuron-methyl sorption/desorption behavior on volcanic ash-derived soils. effect of phosphate and pH.
PubMed: Biogenic nitric oxide emission of mountain soils sampled from different vertical landscape zones in the Changbai Mountains, northeastern China.
PubMed: Modeling the sorption kinetic of metsulfuron-methyl on Andisols and Ultisols volcanic ash-derived soils: kinetics parameters and solute transport mechanisms.
PubMed: Lunar soil simulant uptake produces a concentration-dependent increase in inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.
PubMed: Allocatelliglobosispora scoriae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from volcanic ash.
PubMed: Scopulibacillus darangshiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from rock.
PubMed: Tephra from ice- A simple method to routinely mount, polish, and quantitatively analyze sparse fine particles.
PubMed: MRT letter: Auto-fluorescence by human alveolar macrophages after in vitro exposure to air pollution particles.
PubMed: Marmoricola scoriae sp. nov., isolated from volcanic ash.
PubMed: Aerosol dynamics and health: strategies to reduce exposure and harm.
PubMed: Substantial high-affinity methanotroph populations in Andisols effect high rates of atmospheric methane oxidation.
PubMed: Paratingia wudensis sp. nov., a whole noeggerathialean plant preserved in an earliest Permian air fall tuff in Inner Mongolia, China.
PubMed: Sorption behavior of bensulfuron-methyl on andisols and ultisols volcanic ash-derived soils: contribution of humic fractions and mineral-organic complexes.
PubMed: Can volcanic ash poison water supplies?
PubMed: Early Cambrian ocean anoxia in South China.
PubMed: Adsorption of glyphosate on variable-charge, volcanic ash-derived soils.
PubMed: Effect of aggregate structure on VOC gas adsorption onto volcanic ash soil.
PubMed: Nitrogenase activity (acetylene reduction) of an iron-oxidizing leptospirillum strain cultured as a pioneer microbe from a recent volcanic deposit on miyake-jima, Japan.
PubMed: Suppression of Fusarium solani f. sp. phaseoli on Bean by Aluminum in Acid Soils.
PubMed: Rapid sea-level change in the Late Guadalupian (Permian) on the Tethyan side of South China: litho- and biostratigraphy of the Chaotian section in Sichuan.
PubMed: Performance evaluation of intermediate cover soil barrier for removal of heavy metals in landfill leachate.
PubMed: Unusual C25 steroid isomers with bicyclo[4.4.1]A/B rings from a volcano ash-derived fungus Penicillium citrinum.
PubMed: A Miocene to Pleistocene climate and elevation record of the Sierra Nevada (California).
PubMed: Population structure and genetic diversity in two species of Hawaiian picture-winged Drosophila.
PubMed: Antimony in the environment as a global pollutant: a review on analytical methodologies for its determination in atmospheric aerosols.
PubMed: Rapid optical method for logging dust concentration versus depth in glacial ice.
PubMed: Toxicity of lunar and martian dust simulants to alveolar macrophages isolated from human volunteers.
PubMed: Changes in petiole hydraulic properties and leaf water flow in birch and oak saplings in a CO2-enriched atmosphere.
PubMed: Nanomaterials and nanoparticles: sources and toxicity.
PubMed: Acute impact of volcanic ash on asthma symptoms and treatment.
PubMed: Radar sounding of the Medusae Fossae Formation Mars: equatorial ice or dry, low-density deposits?
PubMed: Grain-size analysis of volcanic ash for the rapid assessment of respiratory health hazard.
PubMed: Contribution to the geochemistry of trace elements in the sediments of the Noun River and tributaries, western Cameroon.
PubMed: Effects of volcanic ash on the forest canopy insects of Montserrat, West Indies.
PubMed: Plasticity of shoot and needle morphology and photosynthesis of two Picea species with different site preferences in northern Japan.
PubMed: Speciation analysis of antimony in extracts of size-classified volcanic ash by HPLC-ICP-MS.
PubMed: Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and implications for the dispersal of modern humans.
PubMed: Quantitative analysis on volcanic ash surfaces: application of extended depth-of-field (focus) algorithm for light and scanning electron microscopy and 3D reconstruction.
PubMed: Role of catechol structure in the adsorption and transformation reactions of L-DOPA in soils.
PubMed: Montmorillonite-catalysed formation of RNA oligomers: the possible role of catalysis in the origins of life.
PubMed: Chemical signature of two Permian volcanic ash deposits within a bentonite bed from Melo, Uruguay.
PubMed: Sulfate adsorption and surface precipitation on a volcanic ash soil (allophanic andisol).
PubMed: Long-term eruptive activity at a submarine arc volcano.
PubMed: [A case of volcanic ash lung: report of a case].
PubMed: Six medical papyri describe the effects of Santorini's volcanic ash, and provide Egyptian parallels to the so-called biblical plagues.
PubMed: [Health effects of environmental contamination due to volcanic ash of Mount Etna in autumn 2002].
PubMed: Inorganic particles in the skin of inhabitants of volcanic areas of Central America: their possible immunomodulatory influence in leishmaniasis and leprosy.
PubMed: A volcanic environment for bedrock diagenesis at Meridiani Planum on Mars.
PubMed: Geochronology: age of Mexican ash with alleged 'footprints'.
PubMed: Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands.
PubMed: Treatments for burns in the London Medical Papyrus show the first seven biblical plagues of Egypt are coherent with Santorini's volcanic fallout.
PubMed: Distribution and mobility of arsenic in the Río Dulce alluvial aquifers in Santiago del Estero Province, Argentina.
PubMed: The effect of Ruapehu ash on the trace element status of grazing ruminants in the Taihape district.
PubMed: Regulation of cytokine production in human alveolar macrophages and airway epithelial cells in response to ambient air pollution particles: further mechanistic studies.
PubMed: The use of volcanic soil as mineral landfill liner--III. Heavy metals retention capacity.
PubMed: Plant growth inhibition by cis-cinnamoyl glucosides and cis-cinnamic acid.
PubMed: Arsenic concentration in water and bovine milk in Cordoba, Argentina. Preliminary results.
PubMed: Effects of volcanic ash on ocular symptoms: results of a 10-year survey on schoolchildren.
PubMed: U-Pb ages from the neoproterozoic Doushantuo Formation, China.
PubMed: Re-evaluation and reconstruction of water purification system using soil. I. Assessment of soil as a sorbent of humic substances and phosphate ion.
PubMed: Environmental predictors of pre-European deforestation on Pacific islands.
PubMed: Identification of black carbon derived structures in a volcanic ash soil humic acid by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Aerobic composting of chips from clear-cut trees with various co-materials.
PubMed: Bipolar correlation of volcanism with millennial climate change.
PubMed: [Characteristics of zero point of charge of volcanic ash soils in Changbaishan and Wudalianchi].
PubMed: Montserrat volcanic ash induces lymph node granuloma and delayed lung inflammation.
PubMed: Inhaling volcanic ash on Montserrat.
PubMed: Role of volcanic dust in the atmospheric transport and deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and mercury.
PubMed: Microbial communities associated with geological horizons in coastal subseafloor sediments from the sea of okhotsk.
PubMed: The ecology of Huli subsistence agriculture.
PubMed: Risk modeling, assessment, and management of lahar flow threat.
PubMed: c-jun mRNA expression and profilin mRNA amplification in rat alveolar macrophages exposed to volcanic ash and sulfur dioxide.
PubMed: Does the Harvard/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Ambient Particle Concentrator change the toxic potential of particles?
PubMed: Surface reactivity of volcanic ash from the eruption of Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat, West Indies with implications for health hazards.
PubMed: Unusually large earthquakes inferred from tsunami deposits along the Kuril trench.
PubMed: Transfer factors of radioiodine from volcanic-ash soil (Andosol) to crops.
PubMed: PM10 and asthma medication in schoolchildren.
PubMed: Coarse(PM(2.5-10)), fine(PM(2.5)), and ultrafine air pollution particles induce/increase immune costimulatory receptors on human blood-derived monocytes but not on alveolar macrophages.
PubMed: Acclimation of shoot and needle morphology and photosynthesis of two Picea species to differences in soil nutrient availability.
PubMed: Vertical variations in the concentration of mercury in soils around Sakurajima Volcano, Southern Kyushu, Japan.
PubMed: Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash.
PubMed: Spatial patterns of nitrate, chloride, sulfate, and fluoride concentrations in the Woodbine Aquifer of north-central Texas.
PubMed: Volcanic ash and respiratory symptoms in children on the island of Montserrat, British West Indies.
PubMed: Photocatalytic atrazine degradation by synthetic minerals, atmospheric aerosols, and soil particles.
PubMed: Environmental impacts on health from continuous volcanic activity at Yasur (Tanna) and Ambrym, Vanuatu.
PubMed: Assessment of the exposure of islanders to ash from the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat, British West Indies.
PubMed: Pulmonary epithelial response in the rat lung to instilled Montserrat respirable dusts and their major mineral components.
PubMed: Differential particulate air pollution induced oxidant stress in human granulocytes, monocytes and alveolar macrophages.
PubMed: The youngest Ediacaran fossils from southern Africa.
PubMed: The application of thin layer activation for on-line erosion monitoring.
PubMed: Dry deposition and heavy acid loading in the vicinity of Masaya Volcano, a major sulfur and chlorine source in Nicaragua.
PubMed: Adsorption of methabenzthiazuron on six allophanic and nonallophanic soils: effect of organic matter amendment.
PubMed: An exceptionally preserved vermiform mollusc from the Silurian of England.
PubMed: In vitro toxicology of respirable Montserrat volcanic ash.
PubMed: Anomalous 17O compositions in massive sulphate deposits on the Earth
PubMed: Oil fly ash-induced elevation of plasma fibrinogen levels in rats.
PubMed: Age of Neoproterozoic bilatarian body and trace fossils, White Sea, Russia: implications for metazoan evolution.
PubMed: Palaeoclimatic records from peat bogs.
PubMed: Residual oil fly ash induces cytotoxicity and mucin secretion by guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells via an oxidant-mediated mechanism.
PubMed: Asthma-like disease in the children living in the neighborhood of Mt. Sakurajima.
PubMed: La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry.
PubMed: Cristobalite in volcanic ash of the soufriere hills volcano, montserrat, british west indies
PubMed: Effect of cation-exchange pretreatment of aqueous soil extracts on the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of nerve agent hydrolysis products after tert.-butyldimethylsilylation.
PubMed: Induction of the lung myofibroblast PDGF receptor system by urban ambient particles from Mexico City.
PubMed: Predomination of Dimers over Naturally Occurring Anthraquinones in Soil
PubMed: An analytically based model for the simultaneous leaching-chain decay of radionuclides from contaminated ground surface soil layers.
PubMed: High-precision 40Ar/39Ar geochronology and the advent of North America's Late Cretaceous terrestrial fauna.
PubMed: Under the volcano: fire, ash and asthma?
PubMed: The Edge of Time: Dating Young Volcanic Ash Layers with the 40Ar-39Ar Laser Probe
PubMed: A simple method for defluoridation of drinking water at village level by adsorption on Ando soil in Kenya.
PubMed: Multiple factors in the origin of the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary: the role of environmental stress and Deccan Trap volcanism.
PubMed: Possible role of volcanic ash-gas clouds in the Earth's prebiotic chemistry.
PubMed: Particulate air pollution and respiratory disease in Anchorage, Alaska.
PubMed: Is there any effect of volcanic eruptions of Mount Sakurajima on canine lungs exposed naturally?--Morphometric analysis of intrapulmonary particulate deposit amount and histopathological investigations.
PubMed: Nutrition and socio-economic development in Southeast Asia.
PubMed: Hazard from volcanic ash.
PubMed: Tropical Soil Fertility Changes Under Monocultures and Successional Communities of Different Structure.
PubMed: Health effects of volcanic ash: a repeat study.
PubMed: [Health effects of volcanic air pollution--an analysis of the national health insurance].
PubMed: In situ estimates of annual net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in a subarctic watershed.
PubMed: [A laboratory and field study on the disposal of domestic waste water based on soil permeation].
PubMed: Laser remote sensing of the atmosphere.
PubMed: Lung changes in rats following inhalation exposure to volcanic ash for two years.
PubMed: Leads from the MMWR. Cytotoxicity of volcanic ash: assessing the risk for pneumoconiosis.
PubMed: Cytotoxicity of volcanic ash: assessing the risk for pneumoconiosis.
PubMed: A four-year prospective study of the respiratory effects of volcanic ash from Mt. St. Helens.
PubMed: Immediate public health concerns and actions in volcanic eruptions: lessons from the Mount St. Helens eruptions, May 18-October 18, 1980.
PubMed: Chronic pulmonary effects of volcanic ash: an epidemiologic study.
PubMed: Evaluation of physical health effects due to volcanic hazards: the use of experimental systems to estimate the pulmonary toxicity of volcanic ash.
PubMed: Evaluation of physical health effects due to volcanic hazards: crystalline silica in Mount St. Helens volcanic ash.
PubMed: Inhalation studies of Mt. St. Helens volcanic ash in animals. III. Host defense mechanisms.
PubMed: Inhalation studies of Mt. St. Helens volcanic ash in animals. II. Lung function, biochemistry, and histology.
PubMed: Inhalation studies of Mt. St. Helens volcanic ash in animals. I. Introduction and exposure system.
PubMed: Inhalable particles and pulmonary host defense: in vivo and in vitro effects of ambient air and combustion particles.
PubMed: Inhalation studies of Mt. St. Helens volcanic ash in animals: respiratory mechanics, airway reactivity and deposition.
PubMed: Childhood asthma hospitalization rates in Spokane County, Washington: impact of volcanic ash air pollution.
PubMed: Duration of exposure--histological effects on broiler lungs, performance, and house environment with Mt. St. Helens' volcanic ash dust.
PubMed: In vitro biological effects of volcanic ash from Mount Sakurajima.
PubMed: Interaction of Mount St. Helens' volcanic ash with cells of the respiratory epithelium.
PubMed: Aseasonal leaf abscission in Populus induced by volcanic ash.
PubMed: The comparative toxicity of volcanic ash and quartz. Effects on cells derived from the human lung.
PubMed: Extensive volcanism associated with the separation of australia and antarctica.
PubMed: Lung clearance of neutron-activated Mount St. Helens volcanic ash in the rat.
PubMed: Effect of silica and volcanic ash on the content of lung alveolar and tissue phospholipids.
PubMed: Sinking of volcanic ash in uncompacted sediment in williams lake, washington.
PubMed: The gait of Hipparion sp. from fossil footprints in Laetoli, Tanzania.
PubMed: Public health aspects of volcanic hazards; Evaluation and prevention of excessive morbidity and mortality due to natural disasters.
PubMed: Functional and biochemical indicators of pneumoconiosis in mice: comparison with rats.
PubMed: Comparative in vitro cytotoxicity of volcanic ashes from Mount St. Helens, El Chichon, and Galunggung.
PubMed: Lung changes in rats inhaling volcanic ash for one year.
PubMed: Long-term reactivity of lung and mediastinal lymph nodes following intratracheal instillation of sandy loam soil or Mount St. Helens volcanic ash.
PubMed: Pulmonary toxicity of Mt. St. Helens volcanic ash. A review of experimental studies.
PubMed: Comparative effects of inhaled volcanic ash and quartz in rats.
PubMed: Acute effects of volcanic ash from Mount Saint Helens on lung function in children.
PubMed: Mount St. Helens eruptions: the acute respiratory effects of volcanic ash in a North American community.
PubMed: Volcanic Ash over Arizona in the Spring of 1982: Astronomical Observations.
PubMed: Aggregate stabilization of volcanic ash and soil during microbial degradation of straw.
PubMed: Mount St. Helens' volcanic ash: hemolytic activity.
PubMed: Pulmonary response to Mount St. Helens' volcanic ash.
PubMed: Ocular effects following the volcanic eruptions of Mount St Helens.
PubMed: Changes in humoral immunologic parameters after exposure to volcanic ash.
PubMed: The effects of Mount St. Helens volcanic ash on the pulmonary function of 120 elementary school children.
PubMed: The short-term effects of volcanic ash on the small airways of the respiratory system.
PubMed: In vitro response of human pulmonary macrophages with volcanic ash: a morphological study.
PubMed: Growth of cells in culture treated with the soluble component of volcanic ash from Mount St. Helens.
PubMed: Airborne lidar measurements of the soufriere eruption of 17 april 1979.
PubMed: Pliocene hominid gait: new interpretations based on available footprint data from Laetoli.
PubMed: In the wake of Mount St Helens.
PubMed: Pulmonary toxicity of Mount St. Helens volcanic ash.
PubMed: Volcanic ash: toxicity to isolated lung cells.
PubMed: The pulmonary toxicity of an ash sample from the MT. St. Helens Volcano.
PubMed: Is volcanic ash a pneumoconiosis risk?
PubMed: Molecular complexes of amino acids with porphyrins as possible precursors of pigment-protein systems.
PubMed: Influence of volcanic ash on infectivity and reproduction of two species of meloidogyne.
PubMed: Toxicity of volcanic-ash leachate to a blue-green alga. Results of a preliminary bioassay experiment.
PubMed: Volcanic ash and human complement.
PubMed: Response of hamster trachea in organ culture to Mount St. Helens volcano ash.
PubMed: Laundries clean up after volcanic ash covering.
PubMed: Fossil grass anthoecia within miocene rhinoceros skeletons: diet in an extinct species.
PubMed: Metalloporphyrins and molecular complexes of amino acids with porphyrins in juvenile volcanic ash.
PubMed: Estimation of soil moisture and components by measuring the degree of spectral polarization with a remote sensing simulator.
PubMed: Pollen influx and volcanic ash.
PubMed: Volcanic dust in deep-sea sediments: relationship of microfeatures to explosivity estimates.
PubMed: Movement and metabolism of S-benzyl O,O-diisopropyl phosphorothiolate (Kitazin P) and O-ethyl S,S-diphenyl phosphorodithiolate (edifenphos) in various types of soils.
PubMed: [Effects of the ashes of the Irazu volcano (Costa Rica) on various insects].
PubMed: Ultraviolet-gas phase and -photocatalytic synthesis from CO and NH3.
PubMed: Dates for the middle stone age of East Africa.
PubMed: Global increase in quaternary explosive volcanism.
PubMed: Caldera Collapse in the Galapagos Islands, 1968: The largest known collapse since 1912 followed a flank eruption and explosive volcanism within the caldera.
PubMed: Occurrence of bromine in plants and soil.
PubMed: Antarctic ice sheet: preliminary results of first core hole to bedrock.
PubMed: Neutron activation for distinguishing cascade range pyroclastics.
PubMed: Optical depolarization properties of surfaces illuminated by coherent light.
PubMed: Mazama and Glacier Peak Volcanic Ash Layers: Relative Ages.
PubMed: Volcanic Ash from Mount Mazama (Crater Lake) and from Glacier Peak.
PubMed: Formation of Gibbsite Aggregates in Latosols Developed on Volcanic Ash.
PubMed: Quaternary Volcanic Ash in Southern Alberta, Canada.
PubMed: VOLCANIC ASH IN SOUTHWESTERN NEBRASKA.
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