tocoquinone
2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione, 2-(3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl)-3,5,6-trimethyl-, [3R-(3R*, 7R*, 11R*)]-

Sponsors

Name: 2-[(3R,7R,11R)-3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl]-3,5,6-trimethylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
CAS Number: 7559-04-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 231-450-8
FDA UNII: ZO763K43XR
Nikkaji Web: J65.454J
MDL: MFCD00135657
XlogP3: 8.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 446.71510000
Formula: C29 H50 O3
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: antioxidants, skin conditioning
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 1.545e-005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antioxidants
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Tocopherolquinone > 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: alpha-Tocopherolquinone isolated from the herbs of Isodon adenantha. It has antioxidant effect, which can inhibit lipid peroxidation and reduce cell division in both the glioma cell clone and fetal brain cells. antihypertensive; platelet aggregation inhibitor; phytotoxic;
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
D-a-Tocoquinone
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Tocopherylquinone, d-alpha 95%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
D-alpha-Tocoquinone
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
D-a-Tocoquinone >97.0%(HPLC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: antioxidants, skin conditioning
Recommendation for tocoquinone usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for tocoquinone flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 2734086
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 2-[(3R,7R,11R)-3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl]-3,5,6-trimethylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
Chemidplus: 0007559048
RTECS: DK5170000 for cas# 7559-04-8
 
References:
 2-[(3R,7R,11R)-3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl]-3,5,6-trimethylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 2734086
Pubchem (sid): 134986682
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB34408
FooDB: FDB012799
Export Tariff Code: 2936.28.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 anise leaf
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 anise root
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 anise tissue culture
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 barley leaf
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 barley root
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 barley sprout
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 barley tissue culture
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 spinach
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Synonyms:
2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione, 2-(3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl)-3,5,6-trimethyl-, [3R-(3R*, 7R*, 11R*)]-
2-[(3R,7R,11R)-3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecyl]-3,5,6-trimethylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
alpha-tocopherol quinone
alpha-tocopherolquinone
 tocopherylquinone
 

Articles:

PubMed: Antioxidants Abrogate Alpha-Tocopherylquinone-Mediated Down-Regulation of the Androgen Receptor in Androgen-Responsive Prostate Cancer Cells.
PubMed: Molecular and Biochemical Analysis of the Estrogenic and Proliferative Properties of Vitamin E Compounds.
PubMed: Effect of α-tocopherol on the hemin-catalyzed decomposition of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine 13-hydroperoxide in micelles and liposomes.
PubMed: Oxidative stress is involved in fatigue induced by overnight deskwork as assessed by increase in plasma tocopherylhydroqinone and hydroxycholesterol.
PubMed: Serum levels of vitamin E forms and risk of cognitive impairment in a Finnish cohort of older adults.
PubMed: A0001 in Friedreich ataxia: biochemical characterization and effects in a clinical trial.
PubMed: Tocopherols and tocotrienols plasma levels are associated with cognitive impairment.
PubMed: Towards a modern definition of vitamin E-evidence for a quinone hypothesis.
PubMed: Circulating antioxidant profile of pregnant women with asthma.
PubMed: Use of an adaptive study design in single ascending-dose pharmacokinetics of A0001 (α-tocopherylquinone) in healthy male subjects.
PubMed: Antiseptic activity and phenolic constituents of the aerial parts of Vitex negundo var. cannabifolia.
PubMed: α-Tocopherol quinone inhibits β-amyloid aggregation and cytotoxicity, disaggregates preformed fibrils and decreases the production of reactive oxygen species, NO and inflammatory cytokines.
PubMed: Unusual antimalarial meroditerpenes from tropical red macroalgae.
PubMed: Occurrence, biosynthesis and function of isoprenoid quinones.
PubMed: Tocopherylquinone d-alpha an oxidized form of vitamin E increases mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro.
PubMed: New triterpenoids and other constituents from a special microbial-fermented tea-Fuzhuan brick tea.
PubMed: Tocopheryl quinones and mitochondria.
PubMed: Modulation of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex activity by chromanols and related compounds.
PubMed: Endogenous adenosine selectively modulates oxidant stress via the A1 receptor in ischemic hearts.
PubMed: Reperfusion does not induce oxidative stress but sustained endoplasmic reticulum stress in livers of rats subjected to traumatic-hemorrhagic shock.
PubMed: [Role of alpha-tocopherol in oxidative stress of rat thymocytes induced by hydrogen peroxide and menadione].
PubMed: Gamma-tocopheryl quinone, not alpha-tocopheryl quinone, induces adaptive response through up-regulation of cellular glutathione and cysteine availability via activation of ATF4.
PubMed: On-line liquid chromatography and circular dichroism detection of stereo-isomers of alpha-tocopherol derivatives generated by an electrochemical reaction.
PubMed: Plasma tocopherols and risk of cognitive impairment in an elderly Italian cohort.
PubMed: Tocopherylquinone and tocopherylhydroquinone.
PubMed: Comprehensive analysis of vitamin E constituents in human plasma by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Biosynthesis, accumulation and emission of carotenoids, alpha-tocopherol, plastoquinone, and isoprene in leaves under high photosynthetic irradiance.
PubMed: Addition products of alpha-tocopherol with lipid-derived free radicals.
PubMed: Generation of superoxide and singlet oxygen from alpha-tocopherolquinone and analogues.
PubMed: Vitamin E metabolism.
PubMed: Oxidant stress and damage in post-ischemic mouse hearts: effects of adenosine.
PubMed: Distribution of tocopheryl quinone in mitochondrial membranes and interference with ubiquinone-mediated electron transfer.
PubMed: [Cytotoxic effect of vitamin E short-chain derivatives on rat thymocytes].
PubMed: New cytotoxic tetrahydrofuran- and dihydrofuran-type lignans from the stem of Beilschmiedia tsangii.
PubMed: Effect of elevated temperature on development of tocopherolquinones in oils.
PubMed: [Effect of alpha-tocopherol and its derivatives on actinomycin D induced apoptosis of rat thymocytes].
PubMed: Ebselen: a thioredoxin reductase-dependent catalyst for alpha-tocopherol quinone reduction.
PubMed: Tocopherol metabolism using thermochemolysis: chemical and biological properties of gamma-tocopherol, gamma-carboxyethyl-hydroxychroman, and their quinones.
PubMed: Enhanced ferredoxin-dependent cyclic electron flow around photosystem I and alpha-tocopherol quinone accumulation in water-stressed ndhB-inactivated tobacco mutants.
PubMed: Cytotoxic chromenes from Myriactis humilis.
PubMed: Oxidized vitamin E and ubiquinone: competition for binding sites of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex?
PubMed: Molecular mechanisms of vitamin E transport.
PubMed: Determination of alpha-tocopherolquinone in human serum samples by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection and on-line post-column derivatization.
PubMed: Redox-interaction of alpha-tocopheryl quinone with isolated mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex.
PubMed: Alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopheryl quinone levels in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer.
PubMed: Prenatal cocaine administration increases glutathione and alpha-tocopherol oxidation in fetal rat brain.
PubMed: Electrophile tocopheryl quinones in apoptosis and mutagenesis: thermochemolysis of thiol adducts with proteins and in cells.
PubMed: Supernatant protein factor in complex with RRR-alpha-tocopherylquinone: a link between oxidized Vitamin E and cholesterol biosynthesis.
PubMed: gamma-Tocopheryl quinone induces apoptosis in cancer cells via caspase-9 activation and cytochrome c release.
PubMed: Mössbauer studies of the non-heme iron and cytochrome b559 in a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii PSI- mutant and their interactions with alpha-tocopherol quinone.
PubMed: Mutagenicity of tocopheryl quinones: evolutionary advantage of selective accumulation of dietary alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed: Determination of tocopherols, tocopherolquinones and tocopherolhydroquinones by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and preseparation with lipophilic gel chromatography.
PubMed: Abnormal incorporation and utilization of alpha-tocopherol in erythrocyte membranes of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: [Effect of tocopherol and tocopherol quinone complexes with proteins on activity of leukotriene B4 lipoxygenase].
PubMed: Bioactive oxidized lipids in the plasma of cardiac surgical intensive care patients.
PubMed: Analysis of vitamin E and its oxidation products by HPLC with electrochemical detection.
PubMed: Iron-catalyzed reaction products of alpha-tocopherol with 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine (13S)-hydroperoxide.
PubMed: Gamma-tocopheryl quinone stimulates apoptosis in drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant cancer cells.
PubMed: Vitamin E oxidation in human atherosclerotic lesions.
PubMed: Comparison of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methods to quantify alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherolquinone levels in human plasma.
PubMed: [Effect of alpha-tocopherol, tocopheryl quinone and other complexes with tocopherol-binding proteins on the activity of enzymes metabolizing arachidonic acid].
PubMed: Neutral magnesium-dependent sphingomyelinase from liver plasma membrane: purification and inhibition by ubiquinol.
PubMed: Effects of tocopheryl quinone on the heart: model experiments with xanthine oxidase, heart mitochondria, and isolated perfused rat hearts.
PubMed: No reduction of alpha-tocopherol quinone by glutathione in rat liver microsomes.
PubMed: Long-chain n-3 fatty acids specifically affect rat coagulation factors dependent on vitamin K: relation to peroxidative stress.
PubMed: Polychlorinated biphenyl-induced effects on metabolic enzymes, AP-1 binding, vitamin E, and oxidative stress in the rat liver.
PubMed: Determination of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone in rat tissues and plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
PubMed: Antioxidant reactions of alpha-tocopherolhydroquinone.
PubMed: Redox changes of cytochrome b(559) in the presence of plastoquinones.
PubMed: Copper(II)-catalyzed oxidation of d-alpha-tocopherol by oxygen in aqueous solution.
PubMed: Effects of UV light and tumor promoters on endogenous vitamin E status in mouse skin.
PubMed: Age-related changes in alpha-tocopherol dynamics with relation to lipid hydroperoxide content and fluidity of rat erythrocyte membrane.
PubMed: [Age-related change in the alpha-tocopherolquinone/alpha-tocopherol ratio in the rat erythrocyte membrane].
PubMed: Redox dynamics of alpha-tocopherol in erythrocyte membranes of elderly patients with asymptomatic primary hyperlipidemia.
PubMed: Formation of phospholipid hydroperoxides and its inhibition by alpha-tocopherol in rat brain synaptosomes induced by peroxynitrite.
PubMed: A function for the vitamin E metabolite alpha-tocopherol quinone as an essential enzyme cofactor for the mitochondrial fatty acid desaturases.
PubMed: Protection by vitamin C of loss of vitamin E in cultured rat hepatocytes.
PubMed: Binding of alpha-tocopherylquinone, an oxidized form of alpha-tocopherol, to glutathione-S-transferase in the liver cytosol.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of homologues of vitamin E and coenzyme Q and products of alpha-tocopherol oxidation.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of 8a-(phosphatidylcholine-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones and their formation during the peroxidation of phosphatidylcholine in liposomes.
PubMed: Alpha-tocopherol in rat brain subcellular fractions is oxidized rapidly during incubations with low concentrations of peroxynitrite.
PubMed: The reduction of alpha-tocopherolquinone by human NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase: the role of alpha-tocopherolhydroquinone as a cellular antioxidant.
PubMed: Alpha-tocopheryl hydroquinone is an efficient multifunctional inhibitor of radical-initiated oxidation of low density lipoprotein lipids.
PubMed: alpha-Tocopheryl quinone is converted into vitamin E in man.
PubMed: Nitric oxide-induced oxidation of alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed: Action of an antiserum to alpha-tocoquinone on photosystem II-particle preparations of Nicotiana tabacum.
PubMed: The reaction between nitric oxide and alpha-tocopherol: a reappraisal.
PubMed: A novel approach to study linoleic acid autoxidation: importance of simultaneous detection of the substrate and its derivative oxidation products.
PubMed: Oxidation of alpha-tocopherol during the peroxidation of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine in liposomes.
PubMed: alpha-Tocopherol quinone level is remarkably low in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
PubMed: Vitamin E and vitamin E-quinone levels in red blood cells and plasma of newborn infants and their mothers.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherolquinone by high-performance liquid chromatography and coulometric detection in the redox mode.
PubMed: Novel urinary metabolite of alpha-tocopherol, 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2(2'-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxychroman, as an indicator of an adequate vitamin E supply?
PubMed: Human atherosclerotic plaque contains both oxidized lipids and relatively large amounts of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbate.
PubMed: On the mechanism of the anticlotting action of vitamin E quinone.
PubMed: Antioxidant and cytotoxic tocopheryl quinones in normal and cancer cells.
PubMed: Tocopherols and 6-hydroxy-chroman-2-carbonitrile derivatives inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by a nonantioxidant mechanism.
PubMed: The oxidation of alpha-tocopherol and trolox by peroxynitrite.
PubMed: Concentrations of alpha-tocopherol and its quinone derivative in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with vascular dementia of the Binswanger type and Alzheimer type dementia.
PubMed: One- and two-electron reduction of quinones by rat liver subcellular fractions.
PubMed: Increased susceptibility to oxidation of vitamin E in mitochondrial fractions compared with synaptosomal fractions from rat brains.
PubMed: Determination of tocopherols and tocopherolquinone in human red blood cell and platelet samples.
PubMed: A liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopherol and tocopherolquinone in human red blood cells and other biological samples where tocopherol is easily oxidized during sample treatment.
PubMed: Kinetic study of free-radical-scavenging action of biological hydroquinones (reduced forms of ubiquinone, vitamin K and tocopherol quinone) in solution.
PubMed: Oxidation of alpha-tocopherol in subcellular fractions from rat brain and its possible involvement in nerve function.
PubMed: [Effect of the complexes tocopherol-protein-acceptors and tocopherylquinone-protein-acceptors on the activity cytosol phospholipase A2 in rat liver].
PubMed: Linear dichroism and molecular orientation in Langmuir-Blodgett films of plastoquinones and alpha-tocopherol quinone.
PubMed: The role of metabolism in the antioxidant function of vitamin E.
PubMed: Requirement for coenzyme Q in plasma membrane electron transport.
PubMed: Stimulation of serum-free cell proliferation by coenzyme Q.
PubMed: Monolayer study of plastoquinones, alpha-tocopherol quinone, their hydroquinone forms and their interaction with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol. Charge-transfer complexes in a mixed monolayer.
PubMed: Stopped-flow kinetic study of vitamin E regeneration reaction with biological hydroquinones (reduced forms of ubiquinone, vitamin K, and tocopherolquinone) in solution.
PubMed: Reduction of alpha-tocopherolquinone to alpha-tocopherolhydroquinone in rat hepatocytes.
PubMed: Antioxidant depletion in aortic crossclamping ischemia: increase of the plasma alpha-tocopheryl quinone/alpha-tocopherol ratio.
PubMed: The oxidation products from two kinds of tocopherols co-existing in autoxidation system of methyl linoleate.
PubMed: Ascorbic acid, glutathione and synthetic antioxidants prevent the oxidation of vitamin E in platelets.
PubMed: Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems in rat liver after chronic ethanol feeding.
PubMed: The effect of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopheryl quinone on the radiosensitivity of thiol-depleted mammalian cells.
PubMed: [Scavenging of active oxygen by vitamin E].
PubMed: Inhibition of phylloquinone epoxide reductase by BHT quinone methide, salicylic acid and alpha-tocopherolquinone.
PubMed: Determination of alpha-tocopherolquinone (vitamin E quinone) in human serum, platelets, and red cell membrane samples.
PubMed: In vitro oxidation of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) in human platelets upon incubation with unsaturated fatty acids, diamide and superoxide.
PubMed: Simultaneous measurement of tocopherols and tocopheryl quinones in tissue fractions using high-performance liquid chromatography with redox-cycling electrochemical detection.
PubMed: Solvent influence on model oxidations of alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed: Determination of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone in small biological samples by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
PubMed: Relationship between cellular calcium and vitamin E metabolism during protection against cell injury.
PubMed: Serum alpha-tocopherol levels after high-dose enteral vitamin E administration in patients with acute respiratory failure.
PubMed: Use of alpha-tocopherylquinone in ulcerative colitis.
PubMed: Use of alpha-tocopherylquinone in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.
PubMed: Ulcerative colitis: the result of an altered bacterial metabolism of bile acids or cholesterol.
PubMed: Deficiency of vitamin E in the alveolar fluid of cigarette smokers. Influence on alveolar macrophage cytotoxicity.
PubMed: Effects of Low-Temperature Acclimation and Oxygen Stress on Tocopheron Production in Euglena gracilis Z.
PubMed: Erythrocyte vitamin E is oxidized at a lower peroxide concentration in neonates than in adults.
PubMed: [Effect of alpha-tocopherol on the concentration of alpha-tocopherylquinone in human blood lipids].
PubMed: Role of prostanoids and lipid peroxides as mediators of the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate effect on cell growth.
PubMed: Inhibition of lipid peroxidation by alpha-tocopherolquinone and alpha-tocopherolhydroquinone.
PubMed: Composition and function of plastoglobuli : I. Isolation and purification from chloroplasts and chromoplasts.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination by high-performance liquid chromatography of tocopherol isomers, alpha-tocopheryl quinone, and cholesterol in red blood cells and plasma.
PubMed: [Oxidation-reduction processes in the rat myocardium in acute hypoxia].
PubMed: Biochemical interaction of arachidonic acid and vitamin E in human platelets.
PubMed: On the formation and measurement of alpha-tocopherolquinone and alpha-tocopherolhydroquinone in rat tissues.
PubMed: Occurrence of alpha-tocopherolquinone and alpha-tocopherolquinol in microorganisms.
PubMed: Image analysis for the automated estimation of clonal growth and its application to the growth of smooth muscle cells.
PubMed: Regulation of cell division in a human glioma cell clone by arachidonic acid and alpha-tocopherolquinone.
PubMed: [Effectiveness of different alpha-tocopherol derivatives in preventing experimental muscular dystrophy in chickens].
PubMed: On the occurrence of alpha-tocopherolquinone in rat tissue.
PubMed: alpha-Tocopherolquinone in the rat: synthesis and mitochondrial reduction.
PubMed: Photosynthetic apparatus of chilling-sensitive plants. IX. The involvement of alpha-tocopherol in the electron transport chain and the anti-oxidizing system in chloroplasts of tomato leaves.
PubMed: Reduced intestinal absorption of vitamin E by low dietary levels of retinoic acid in rats.
PubMed: Localization of prenylquinones in the envelope of spinach chloroplasts.
PubMed: Alpha tocopherol quinone (alpha TQ): a potent inhibitor of platelet function.
PubMed: Role of antioxidants on the stimulation of the mitogenic response.
PubMed: Synthesis of alpha-tocopherolquinone by the rat and its reduction by mitochondria.
PubMed: Physiological effects of photosystem II-herbicides on the development of the photosynthetic apparatus.
PubMed: [Prooxidant effect of alpha-tocopherol on essential fatty acids in aqueous media].
PubMed: [E-vitamin activity of vitamin E derivatives with experimental encephalomalacia in chicks].
PubMed: [Effects of alpha-tocopherol derivatives on natural quinone levels in the tissues of vitamin E deficient rats].
PubMed: Studies on electron transfer systems in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. II. Identification and determination of quinones, cytochromes, and flavins.
PubMed: Interfacial oxidation of alpha-tocopherol and the surface properties of its oxidation products.
PubMed: Incorporation of (14)CO 2 in prenylquinones of Chlorella pyrenoidosa.
PubMed: [Alpha-tocopherylquinone in the treatment leg ulcers and hypodermitis].
PubMed: alpha-Tocopherylquinone: effect on blood pressure in normotensive volunteers and its plasma concentrations in men and dogs.
PubMed: [Behavior of alpha-tocopherol during the autoxidation of linoleic acid in aqueous solution].
PubMed: Sensitive fluorometric method for tissue tocopherol analysis.
PubMed: Vitamin E: a reexamination.
PubMed: [The dependence of the concentration of plastid quinones and pigments in Zea mays and Atriplex rosea on the light intensity and the age of the plants].
PubMed: Relationship Between alpha-Tocopherol and alpha-Tocopherylquinone in Mineral-deficient Maize Plants.
PubMed: Alpha-tocopherol in the retinal outer segment of bovine eyes.
PubMed: Electrochemical studies of the redox behavior of alpha-tocopherylquinone and a related model quinone.
PubMed: Determination of alpha-tocopherol in erythrocytes by gas-liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Comparative Studies on Plastoquinones: V. Changes in Lipophilic Chloroplast Quinones during Development.
PubMed: The Occurence of delta-Tocopherylquinone in Higher Plants and Its Relation to Senescence.
PubMed: Comparative Studies on Plastoquinones. IV. Plastoquinones in Algae.
PubMed: [Study of iodine uptake by the thyroid of the golden hamster treated by vitamin E and alpha-tocopherylquinone].
PubMed: [Distribution and relative concentrations of lipophilic plastid quinones in green plants].
PubMed: [Effects of alpha-tocopherylquinone on the intestinal absorption of isotonic glucose solution and on oxygen consumption in the rat; a function of the percentage of oxygen in the environment].
PubMed: [Treatment of essential hypertension with tocopherylquinone].
PubMed: [Plastoglobuli in different types of plastids from Allium cepa L].
PubMed: Reductive cyclization of alpha-tocopherylquinone.
PubMed: [CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS ON THE USE OF TOCOPHERYLQUINONE IN THE TREATMENT OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION].
PubMed: [Formation of tocopheronlactone from apha-tocopherylquinone in the human organism].
PubMed: [TOCOPHEROL AND TOCOPHERYLQUINONE AS GROWTH FACTORS FOR FUSIFORMIS NIGRESCENS (PRELIMINARY REPORT)].
PubMed: [THE USE OF THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE SEPARATION OF 2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-(BETA-CARBOXYETHYL)-6-HYDROXYCHROMAN AND TOCOPHERONOLACTONE FROM ALPHA-TOCOPHERYLQUINONE AND SOME TOCOPHEROLS].
PubMed: Light-Dependent Conversions of Endogenous alpha-Tocopherylquinone and Plastoquinone-D in Spinacia Oleracea Chloroplasts.
PubMed: [ACTION OF TOCOPHERYLQUINONE IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION OF THE FIFTIES].
PubMed: THE ROLE OF ALPHA-TOCOPHERYLQUINONE IN THE ELECTRON-TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF CHLOROPLASTS.
PubMed: LIGHT-INDUCED CHANGES OF ALPHA-TOCOPHERYLQUINONE IN SPINACH CHLOROPLASTS.
PubMed: THE VITAMIN E ACTIVITY OF ALPHA-TOCOPHERYLQUINONE AND ALPHA-TOCOPHERYLHYDROQUINONE IN THE RAT.
PubMed: [Action of alpha-tocopherylquinone in coronaritis].
PubMed: [Ambulatory treatment of essential hypertension. Apropos of 14 aged patients by tocopherylquinone].
PubMed: [Trial treatment of hypertension with a new hypotensive drug (trimethyl-tetramethyl-hexadecanone-olbenzoquinone or tocopherylquinone)].
PubMed: [Use of tocopherylquinone in the ambulatory therapy of arterial hypertension].
PubMed: [Comparative study of the various metabolic effects exerted by tocopherol and alpha-tocopheryl-quinone].
PubMed: [Action of I'alpha-tocopherylquinone on the genital glands].
PubMed: [Action of tocopheryl-quinone on arterial hypertension].
PubMed: [On an acute dermatomyositis treated with intravenous hydrocortisone and alpha-tocopheryl-quinone in alcoholic solution].
PubMed: [Action of 1'alpha-tocopherol and 1'alpha-tocopheryl quinone on adrenal glands in the rat].
PubMed: Ubiquinone and tocopherylquinone.
 
Notes:
Isol. from spinach (Spinacia oleracea) chloroplasts and many other plant sources
 
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