EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes


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CAS Number: 9057-02-7
Other(deleted CASRN):1224323-71-0
Formula:(C6 H10 O5)x
Category:glazing agents, film-forming agents, thickeners
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
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EU Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 99 Pullulan View - notice PDF
JECFA Food Additive: Pullulan
GSFA Codex: Pullulan (1204)
DG SANTE Food Additives:pullulan
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay: 90.00 to 10.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
film formers
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Glentham Life Sciences
Jiangyin Healthway
New functional food ingredients
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
glazing agents, film-forming agents, thickeners
Recommendation for pullulan usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for pullulan flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Pullulan PI-20 for use as a new food additive.
View page or View pdf
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9057-02-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
Pubchem (sid):135276388
Other Information:
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature


PubMed:Efficacy of Antimicrobial Pullulan-Based Coating to Improve Internal Quality and Shelf-Life of Chicken Eggs During Storage.
PubMed:Improved viability of Lactobacillus acidophilus NRRL-B 4495 during freeze-drying in whey protein-pullulan microcapsules.
PubMed:Preparation of linear maltodextrins using a hyperthermophilic amylopullulanase with cyclodextrin- and starch-hydrolysing activities.
PubMed:Physical and mechanical properties in biodegradable films of whey protein concentrate-pullulan by application of beeswax.
PubMed:Pasting investigation, SEM observation and the possible interaction study on rice starch-pullulan combination.
PubMed:Effect of pullulan on the short-term and long-term retrogradation of rice starch.
PubMed:Comparative proteomic analysis of Aureobasidium pullulans in the presence of high and low levels of nitrogen source.
PubMed:Gene cloning and enzymatic characterization of alkali-tolerant type I pullulanase from Exiguobacterium acetylicum.
PubMed:Molecular entanglement and electrospinnability of biopolymers.
PubMed:Effect of meadowsweet flower extract-pullulan coatings on rhizopus rot development and postharvest quality of cold-stored red peppers.
PubMed:Assessment of the physical, mechanical, and moisture-retention properties of pullulan-based ternary co-blended films.
PubMed:Halophilic alkali- and thermostable amylase from a novel polyextremophilic Amphibacillus sp. NM-Ra2.
PubMed:Efficient production of pullulan using rice hull hydrolysate by adaptive laboratory evolution of Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed:Facile and rapid thermo-regulated biomineralization of gold by pullulan and study of its thermodynamic parameters.
PubMed:Pullulan-complexed α-amylase and glucosidase in alginate beads: enhanced entrapment and stability.
PubMed:Carbohydrate availability regulates virulence gene expression in Streptococcus suis.
PubMed:Incorporation of essential oils and nanoparticles in pullulan films to control foodborne pathogens on meat and poultry products.
PubMed:Pasting and rheological properties of rice starch as affected by pullulan.
PubMed:Drying process of pullulan edible films forming solutions studied by ATR-FTIR with two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy.
PubMed:Effect of uracil on pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans CGMCC1234.
PubMed:Comparison of two different in vivo models and an in vitro model for caloric determination of four novel fiber ingredients.
PubMed:Paper-based microfluidics with an erodible polymeric bridge giving controlled release and timed flow shutoff.
PubMed:Effect of novel fiber ingredients on ileal and total tract digestibility of energy and nutrients in semi-purified diets fed to growing pigs.
PubMed:Encapsulation of volatiles in nanofibrous polysaccharide membranes for humidity-triggered release.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of a pullulan-caraway essential oil coating on reduction of food microorganisms and quality in fresh baby carrot.
PubMed:Film forming microbial biopolymers for commercial applications--a review.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of pullulan-mediated silver nanoparticles and its antimicrobial activities.
PubMed:Development and characterization of novel probiotic-residing pullulan/starch edible films.
PubMed:Mechanism study of Tween 80 enhancing the pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed:Pullulan: an exopolysaccharide and its various applications.
PubMed:Molecular mobility and microscopic structure changes in κ-carrageenan solutions studied by gradient NMR.
PubMed:Effect of soluble polysaccharides addition on rheological properties and microstructure of chitin nanocrystal aqueous dispersions.
PubMed:A novel multifunctional α-amylase from the thermophilic fungus Malbranchea cinnamomea: biochemical characterization and three-dimensional structure.
PubMed:Gastrointestinal effects of resistant starch, soluble maize fibre and pullulan in healthy adults.
PubMed:Using pullulan-based edible coatings to extend shelf-life of fresh-cut 'Fuji' apples.
PubMed:Effect of gelatin addition on properties of pullulan films.
PubMed:Resistant starch and pullulan reduce postprandial glucose, insulin, and GLP-1, but have no effect on satiety in healthy humans.
PubMed:Cloning, expression, characterization, and biocatalytic investigation of a novel bacilli thermostable type I pullulanase from Bacillus sp. CICIM 263.
PubMed:A novel domain arrangement in a monomeric cyclodextrin-hydrolyzing enzyme from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus.
PubMed:Ultrasound-assisted pullulan/montmorillonite bionanocomposite coating with high oxygen barrier properties.
PubMed:"Wetting enhancer" pullulan coating for antifog packaging applications.
PubMed:Cyanoethylation of the glucans dextran and pullulan: Substitution pattern and formation of nanostructures and entrapment of magnetic nanoparticles.
PubMed:Deoiledjatropha seed cake is a useful nutrient for pullulan production.
PubMed:Improving functionality of whole egg powder by the addition of gelatine, lactose, and pullulan.
PubMed:Self-assembled pullulan-silica oxygen barrier hybrid coatings for food packaging applications.
PubMed:Pullulan: biosynthesis, production, and applications.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of pullulanase from Lactococcus lactis.
PubMed:Wetting of biopolymer coatings: contact angle kinetics and image analysis investigation.
PubMed:Evaluation of medium composition and fermentation parameters on pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed:Investigation of beta-glucans binding to human/mouse dectin-1 and associated immunomodulatory effects on two monocyte/macrophage cell lines.
PubMed:Soluble fiber dextrins and pullulans vary in extent of hydrolytic digestion in vitro and in energy value and attenuate glycemic and insulinemic responses in dogs.
PubMed:Further application of size-exclusion chromatography combined with small-angle X-ray scattering optics for characterization of biological macromolecules.
PubMed:Polymer hydrogels: Chaperoning vaccines.
PubMed:ApuA, a multifunctional alpha-glucan-degrading enzyme of Streptococcus suis, mediates adhesion to porcine epithelium and mucus.
PubMed:Estimation of pullulan by hydrolysis with pullulanase.
PubMed:Overexpression and characterization of an extremely thermostable maltogenic amylase, with an optimal temperature of 100 degrees C, from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Staphylothermus marinus.
PubMed:Evaluation of the effect of four fibers on laxation, gastrointestinal tolerance and serum markers in healthy humans.
PubMed:Structural features of the Nostoc punctiforme debranching enzyme reveal the basis of its mechanism and substrate specificity.
PubMed:Characterization of the C-terminal truncated form of amylopullulanase from Lactobacillus plantarum L137.
PubMed:Characterization of gene encoding amylopullulanase from plant-originated lactic acid bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum L137.
PubMed:Physiological responses to novel carbohydrates as assessed using canine and avian models.
PubMed:Effect of whey protein isolate-pullulan edible coatings on the quality and shelf life of freshly roasted and freeze-dried Chinese chestnut.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of branching specificity of a novel extracellular amylolytic enzyme from marine hyperthermophilic Rhodothermus marinus.
PubMed:Extracellular secretion of a maltogenic amylase from Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC33323 in Lactococcus lactis MG1363 and its application on the production of branched maltooligosaccharides.
PubMed:Cloning and characterization of glycogen-debranching enzyme from hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae.
PubMed:Polysaccharide charge density regulating protein adsorption to air/water interfaces by protein/polysaccharide complex formation.
PubMed:Biochemical and structural features of a novel cyclodextrinase from cow rumen metagenome.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives.
PubMed:Overexpression, purification and preliminary X-ray analysis of pullulanase from Bacillus subtilis strain 168.
PubMed:DWS microrheology of a linear polysaccharide.
PubMed:Enzymatic characterization of a maltogenic amylase from Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323 expressed in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Pullulans and gamma-cyclodextrin affect apparent digestibility and metabolism in healthy adult ileal cannulated dogs.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a thermostable raw starch digesting amylase from a Streptomyces sp. isolated in a milling factory.
PubMed:Characterization of a novel amylolytic enzyme encoded by a gene from a soil-derived metagenomic library.
PubMed:Enzymatic analysis of an amylolytic enzyme from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus reveals its novel catalytic properties as both an alpha-amylase and a cyclodextrin-hydrolyzing enzyme.
PubMed:Effect of the shear rate on pullulan production from beet molasses by Aureobasidium pullulans in an airlift reactor.
PubMed:Pullulan degrading enzymes of bacterial origin.
PubMed:Cloning of the thermostable alpha-amylase gene from Pyrococcus woesei in Escherichia coli: isolation and some properties of the enzyme.
PubMed:Preparation of a water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) type microcapsules by a single-droplet-drying method and change in encapsulation efficiency of a hydrophilic substance during storage.
PubMed:Biotechnological production and applications of pullulan.
PubMed:Detection of a novel three component complex consisting of starch, protein, and free fatty acids.
PubMed:A novel amylolytic enzyme from Thermotoga maritima, resembling cyclodextrinase and alpha-glucosidase, that liberates glucose from the reducing end of the substrates.
PubMed:Production and characterization of pullulan from beet molasses using a nonpigmented strain of Aureobasidium pullulans in batch culture.
PubMed:Catalytic activities of intracellular dimeric neopullulanase on cyclodextrin, acarbose and maltose.
PubMed:Kinetics and products of the degradation of chitosan by hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed:Interaction of gum arabic, maltodextrin and pullulan with lipids in emulsions.
PubMed:Molecular characterization of a dimeric intracellular maltogenic amylase of Bacillus subtilis SUH4-2.
PubMed:Structure, specificity and function of cyclomaltodextrinase, a multispecific enzyme of the alpha-amylase family.
PubMed:Rotational and translational mobility of small molecules in sucrose plus polysaccharide solutions.
PubMed:Isolation and analysis of two cellulase cDNAs from Orpinomyces joyonii.
PubMed:Pullulan production from deproteinized whey by Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed:Modes of action of acarbose hydrolysis and transglycosylation catalyzed by a thermostable maltogenic amylase, the gene for which was cloned from a Thermus strain.
PubMed:Molecular and enzymatic characterization of a maltogenic amylase that hydrolyzes and transglycosylates acarbose.
PubMed:Safety studies of a novel starch, pullulan: chronic toxicity in rats and bacterial mutagenicity.
PubMed:Characterization and distribution of amylases during vegetative cell growth and sporulation of Clostridium perfringens.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of some alpha-D-glucans containing 3,6-anhydro D-glucose.
PubMed:Properties of agents that effectively entrap liquid lipids.
PubMed:Amino-acid composition and mycology of Sekete, a fermented product from Zea mays L.
PubMed:Thermostable amylolytic enzymes from a new clostridium isolate.
predominantly an alpha maltosetriose linked endwise through 1,6-bonds.
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