EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

(1S)-3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene

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CAS Number: 498-15-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):19079-29-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:207-856-6
Nikkaji Web:J2.417.458A
Beilstein Number:1902767
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:natural substances and extractives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 170.00 to 172.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:1.862000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 131.00 °F. TCC ( 55.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.321 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:sweet
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(1S)-(+)-3-Carene 95%
Glentham Life Sciences
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
(1S)-(+)-3-Carene 99%
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
10 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
natural substances and extractives
Recommendation for (+)-3-carene usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for (+)-3-carene flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :105050
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):105050
Pubchem (sid):135061509
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
KEGG (GenomeNet):C11382
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB34697
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 galangal lesser galangal root oil
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 marjoram oil
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 pinus pumillio oil
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 bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene, 3,7,7-trimethyl-, (1S)-
 bicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene, 3,7,7-trimethyl-, (1S)-
(1S,6R)-3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene
(1S)-3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene


PubMed:Erratum for the Report "14-Step Synthesis of (+)-Ingenol from (+)-3-Carene" by L. Jørgensen, S. J. McKerrall, C. A. Kuttruff, F. Ungeheuer, J. Felding, P. S. Baran.
PubMed:Quantification of aroma constituents of mango sap from different Pakistan mango cultivars using gas chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Optimization of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oil from Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss: An endangered medicinal plant in Iran.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of Perovskia artemisioides Boiss. essential oil.
PubMed:Salicylic Acid Induces Changes in Mango Fruit that Affect Oviposition Behavior and Development of the Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis.
PubMed:Could essential oils of green and black pepper be used as food preservatives?
PubMed:Essential Oils of Echinophora lamondiana (Apiales: Umbelliferae): A Relationship Between Chemical Profile and Biting Deterrence and Larvicidal Activity Against Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Mountain Pine Beetles Use Volatile Cues to Locate Host Limber Pine and Avoid Non-Host Great Basin Bristlecone Pine.
PubMed:Cytochrome P450s from the Chinese white pine beetle, Dendroctonus armandi (Curculionidae: Scolytinae): Expression profiles of different stages and responses to host allelochemicals.
PubMed:Monoterpene separation by coupling proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry with fastGC.
PubMed:Contact Toxicity and Repellency of the Main Components From the Essential Oil of Clausena anisum-olens Against Two Stored Product Insects.
PubMed:Monocyclic and bicyclic monoterpenes in air of German daycare centers and human biomonitoring in visiting children, the LUPE 3 study.
PubMed:Characterisation of GST genes from the Chinese white pine beetle Dendroctonus armandi (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and their response to host chemical defence.
PubMed:Pheromone Production by an Invasive Bark Beetle Varies with Monoterpene Composition of its Naïve Host.
PubMed:Chemical features of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride revealed by GC-MS metabolomics analysis.
PubMed:The leaf, wood and bark oils of three species of Myodocarpus (Myodocarpaceae) endemic to New Caledonia.
PubMed:Diel Variation of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions--A field Study in the Sub, Low and High Arctic on the Effect of Temperature and Light.
PubMed:Acclimation mechanisms elicited by sprayed abscisic acid, solar UV-B and water deficit in leaf tissues of field-grown grapevines.
PubMed:Strong Induction of Minor Terpenes in Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens, in Response to Infection by the Fungus Seiridium cardinale.
PubMed:Phytochemical analysis of Pinus eldarica bark.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Amomum maximum Roxb and Amomum microcarpum C. F. Liang & D. Fang: two Zingiberaceae grown in Vietnam.
PubMed:Structural and biophysical characterization of human cytochromes P450 2B6 and 2A6 bound to volatile hydrocarbons: analysis and comparison.
PubMed:Screening and identification of phytotoxic volatile compounds in medicinal plants and characterizations of a selected compound, eucarvone.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oil from ripe fruit of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi and evaluation of its activity against wild strains of hospital origin.
PubMed:Generation of sub-ppb level vapor phase mixtures of biogenic volatile organic compounds from liquid phase standards and stepwise characterization of their volatilization properties by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Medicinal plants from the genus Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae)--a review of their ethnopharmacology and phytochemistry.
PubMed:Fumigant toxicity of basil oil compounds and related compounds to Thrips palmi and Orius strigicollis.
PubMed:Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices: replacement of a floor cleaning agent.
PubMed:Chemical Composition, Modulatory Bacterial Resistance and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil the Hyptis martiusii Benth by Direct and Gaseous Contact.
PubMed:Secondary organic aerosol formation and organic nitrate yield from NO3 oxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons.
PubMed:Theoretical study of Δ-3-(+)-carene oxidation.
PubMed:Two CYP4 genes of the Chinese white pine beetle, Dendroctonus armandi (Curculionidae: Scolytinae), and their transcript levels under different development stages and treatments.
PubMed:Plasticity and evolution of (+)-3-carene synthase and (-)-sabinene synthase functions of a sitka spruce monoterpene synthase gene family associated with weevil resistance.
PubMed:Observations and models of emissions of volatile terpenoid compounds from needles of ponderosa pine trees growing in situ: control by light, temperature and stomatal conductance.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of the Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.).
PubMed:Human metabolism of Δ3-carene and renal elimination of Δ3-caren-10-carboxylic acid (chaminic acid) after oral administration.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of Angelica archangelica L. (Apiaceae) roots.
PubMed:Development of a concise synthesis of (+)-ingenol.
PubMed:Comparison of lodgepole and jack pine resin chemistry: implications for range expansion by the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of Piper nigrum L. essential oil extracted by supercritical CO₂ extraction and hydro-distillation.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oils from the leaves and stem barks of Vietnamese species of Polyalthia harmandii, Polyalthia jucunda and Polyalthia thorelii.
PubMed:Chemical analysis and calcium channel blocking activity of the essential oil of Perovskia abrotanoides.
PubMed:Chemical similarity between historical and novel host plants promotes range and host expansion of the mountain pine beetle in a naïve host ecosystem.
PubMed:Assessment of Volatile Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Jatropha ribifolia (Pohl) Baill by HS-SPME-GC-MS Using Different Fibers.
PubMed:Influence of water deficit on the molecular responses of Pinus contorta × Pinus banksiana mature trees to infection by the mountain pine beetle fungal associate, Grosmannia clavigera.
PubMed:Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases of the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, by phytochemicals from plant essential oils.
PubMed:Cryotrap/SPME/GC/MS method for profiling of monoterpenes in cheese and their clustering according to geographic origin.
PubMed:CYP345E2, an antenna-specific cytochrome P450 from the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, catalyses the oxidation of pine host monoterpene volatiles.
PubMed:α-Pinene, 3-carene and d-limonene in indoor air of Polish apartments: the impact on air quality and human exposure.
PubMed:Growth-Inhibiting and morphostructural effects of constituents identified in Asarum heterotropoides root on human intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Distillation time modifies essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant capacity of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed:Sensitive monitoring of monoterpene metabolites in human urine using two-step derivatisation and positive chemical ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:14-step synthesis of (+)-ingenol from (+)-3-carene.
PubMed:Transcriptome resources and functional characterization of monoterpene synthases for two host species of the mountain pine beetle, lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana).
PubMed:The pheromone frontalin and its dual function in the invasive bark beetle Dendroctonus valens.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed:Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of crude extracts and essential oils of Syzygium cumini leaves.
PubMed:Needle removal by pine sawfly larvae increases branch-level VOC emissions and reduces below-ground emissions of Scots pine.
PubMed:Highly variable chemical signatures over short spatial distances among Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) populations.
PubMed:Diversity and expression of P450 genes from Dendroctonus valens LeConte (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in response to different kairomones.
PubMed:α-Pinene Rich Volatile Constituents of Cupressus torulosa D. Don from Uttarakhand Himalaya.
PubMed:Functional characterization of myrcene hydroxylases from two geographically distinct Ips pini populations.
PubMed:[Effects of the volatiles from different tomato varieties on host selection behavior of B-biotype Bemisia tabaci].
PubMed:Laboratory and Simulated Field Bioassays to Evaluate Larvicidal Activity of Pinus densiflora Hydrodistillate, Its Constituents and Structurally Related Compounds against Aedes albopictus, Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens pallens in Relation to Their Inhibitory Effects on Acetylcholinesterase Activity.
PubMed:Isolation and expression of cytochrome P450 genes in the antennae and gut of pine beetle Dendroctonus rhizophagus (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) following exposure to host monoterpenes.
PubMed:Chemical analysis and biological activities of Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis essential oils.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) growing in different agro-climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antimicrobial and anti-acetylcholinesterase properties of the flower oil of Ferula lutea.
PubMed:Exposure to Anacardiaceae volatile oils and their constituents induces lipid peroxidation within food-borne bacteria cells.
PubMed:A tale of two carenes: intrinsic optical activity and large-amplitude nuclear displacement.
PubMed:Plant secondary chemistry mediates the performance of a nutritional symbiont associated with a tree-killing herbivore.
PubMed:Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of the bark beetle Dendroctonus rhizophagus to volatiles from host pines and conspecifics.
PubMed:Intraspecific chemical variability of essential oil from leaves of Cupressus atlantica Gaussen, an endemic and endangered coniferous species in Morocco.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of host cues from mango, Mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis.
PubMed:Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed:Potential of Spanish sour-sweet pomegranates (cultivar C25) for the juice industry.
PubMed:Identification of volatiles from Pinus silvestris attractive for Monochamus galloprovincialis using a SPME-GC/MS platform.
PubMed:Effect of rootstock on mango fruit susceptibility to infestation by Anastrepha obliqua.
PubMed:Quantitative evaluation of (+)-Δ(3)-carene metabolites from living larvae of Spodoptera litura by headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of citrus wastewater in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and efficiency of heterogeneous photocatalysis by TiO(2).
PubMed:Biotransformation of (1S)-2-carene and (1S)-3-carene by Picea abies suspension culture.
PubMed:Do novel genotypes drive the success of an invasive bark beetle-fungus complex? Implications for potential reinvasion.
PubMed:Chemical and transcriptional responses of Norway spruce genotypes with different susceptibility to Heterobasidion spp. infection.
PubMed:Predictors of monoterpene exposure in the Danish furniture industry.
PubMed:In vitro efficacy of the essential oil of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) against Schistosoma mansoni.
PubMed:In vitro anthelmintic activity of the essential oils of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides and Newbouldia laevis against Strongyloides ratti.
PubMed:Variability in chemical composition and abundance of the rare tertiary relict Pinus heldreichii in Serbia.
PubMed:Antioxidant and antiacetylcholinesterase activities of some commercial essential oils and their major compounds.
PubMed:Effect of water stress and fungal inoculation on monoterpene emission from an historical and a new pine host of the mountain pine beetle.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. berries.
PubMed:Activity of Schinus areira (Anacardiaceae) essential oils against the grain storage pest Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed:Citrus essential oil of Nigeria. Part V: Volatile constituents of sweet orange leaf oil (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of the essential oil from fruits and seeds of Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi against African malaria vectors.
PubMed:Bioconversion of car-3-ene by a dioxygenase of Pleurotus sapidus.
PubMed:Responses of bark beetle-associated bacteria to host monoterpenes and their relationship to insect life histories.
PubMed:Reciprocal interactions between the bark beetle-associated yeast Ogataea pini and host plant phytochemistry.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of essential oil from root of Angelica dahurica cv. Qibaizhi].
PubMed:Determination of the chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activities of essential oil and methanol extracts of Echinophora platyloba DC.
PubMed:Both gas chromatography and an electronic nose reflect chemical polymorphism of juniper shrubs browsed or avoided by sheep.
PubMed:Do multiple herbivores maintain chemical diversity of Scots pine monoterpenes?
PubMed:Mass spectrometric characterization of isomeric terpenoic acids from the oxidation of α-pinene, β-pinene, d-limonene, and Δ3-carene in fine forest aerosol.
PubMed:α-Pinene- and β-myrcene-rich volatile fruit oil of Cupressus arizonica Greene from northwest Iran.
PubMed:Survey of ex situ fruit and leaf volatiles from several Pistacia cultivars grown in California.
PubMed:An integrated genomic, proteomic and biochemical analysis of (+)-3-carene biosynthesis in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) genotypes that are resistant or susceptible to white pine weevil.
PubMed:Asymmetric synthesis of α-methyl-α-amino acids via diastereoselective alkylation of (1S)-(+)-3-carene derived tricyclic iminolactone.
PubMed:Volatile composition and sensory quality of Spanish pomegranates (Punica granatum L.).
PubMed:Reaction rates of ozone and terpenes adsorbed to model indoor surfaces.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile components in Chinese traditional pickled peppers using HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O and multivariate analysis.
PubMed:Interactions between the yeast Ogataea pini and filamentous fungi associated with the western pine beetle.
PubMed:Chemosensory irritations and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to emissions from oriented strand board.
PubMed:Biological effects and photodegradation by TiO(2) of terpenes present in industrial wastewater.
PubMed:Development and validation by accuracy profile of a method for the analysis of monoterpenes in indoor air by active sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:The essential oil of Brazilian pepper, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi in larval control of Stegomyia aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762).
PubMed:Real time in situ detection of organic nitrates in atmospheric aerosols.
PubMed:The influence of Ceratocystis polonica inoculation and methyl jasmonate application on terpene chemistry of Norway spruce, Picea abies.
PubMed:Changes in monoterpene emission rates of Quercus ilex infested by aphids tended by native or invasive Lasius ant species.
PubMed:Inhibition of predator attraction to kairomones by non-host plant volatiles for herbivores: a bypass-trophic signal.
PubMed:Complex interactions among host pines and fungi vectored by an invasive bark beetle.
PubMed:Laser microdissection of conifer stem tissues: isolation and analysis of high quality RNA, terpene synthase enzyme activity and terpenoid metabolites from resin ducts and cambial zone tissue of white spruce (Picea glauca).
PubMed:Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human lung epithelial A549 cells caused by airborne volatile organic compounds emitted from pine wood and oriented strand boards.
PubMed:The influence of organ, season and drying method on chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Juniperus phoenicea L. essential oils.
PubMed:Regio- and stereoselective oxidation of (+)-Delta(3)-carene by the larvae of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura).
PubMed:Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed:Hybrid polyoxotungstate/MIL-101 materials: synthesis, characterization, and catalysis of H2O2-based alkene epoxidation.
PubMed:A facile and efficient synthesis of 3,3-dimethyl isopropylidene proline from (+)-3-carene.
PubMed:Comparison of FTIR and particle mass spectrometry for the measurement of particulate organic nitrates.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Hyptis Suaveolens (L.) Poit leaves essential oil against Aspergillus species.
PubMed:Attraction of Anoplophora glabripennis to male-produced pheromone and plant volatiles.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Monticalia andicola (Asteraceae) collected in Venezuela.
PubMed:Pyrazole derived from (+)-3-carene; a novel potent, selective scaffold for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P(1)) receptor agonists.
PubMed:Repellency of essential oils of Cryptomeria japonica (Pinaceae) against adults of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera:Culicidae).
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils and various extracts of Juniperus phoenicea L. (Cupressacees).
PubMed:Targeted proteomics using selected reaction monitoring reveals the induction of specific terpene synthases in a multi-level study of methyl jasmonate-treated Norway spruce (Picea abies).
PubMed:Chemical composition, antifungal and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Chamaecyparis nootkatensis from Spain.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of two new species of Phebalium (Rutaceae) from north-eastern NSW, Australia.
PubMed:Lippia javanica (Burm F) Spreng: its general constituents and bioactivity on mosquitoes.
PubMed:Evaluation of monoterpenes for the control of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Sitophilus zeamaise Motschulsky.
PubMed:Targeted isolation, sequence assembly and characterization of two white spruce (Picea glauca) BAC clones for terpenoid synthase and cytochrome P450 genes involved in conifer defence reveal insights into a conifer genome.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Clausena indica (Dalz) Oliv. (Rutaceae) essential oil from Vietnam.
PubMed:Mechanisms for the formation of organic acids in the gas-phase ozonolysis of 3-carene.
PubMed:Radical Scavenging Activity of the Essential Oil of Silver Fir (Abies alba).
PubMed:Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to four bark beetle pheromones.
PubMed:The volatile constituents analysis of Lallemantia iberica (M.B.) Fischer & Meyer from Iran.
PubMed:Essential oil compositions and cytotoxic activities of Dendropanax capillaris, Oreopanax nubigenus, and Schefflera rodrigueziana from Monteverde, Costa Rica.
PubMed:Formation and stability of secondary ozonides from monoterpenes studied by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:What makes Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) oviposit on aphid infested tomato plants?
PubMed:Manuka oil and phoebe oil are attractive baits for Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae), the vector of laurel wilt.
PubMed:Insecticidal activities of leaf and twig essential oils from Clausena excavata against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae.
PubMed:Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed:Monoterpene and Phenolic Compound Concentrations in Water-Stressed Red Pine Inoculated with Sphaeropsis sapinea.
PubMed:Sensitive determination of monoterpene alcohols in urine by HPLC-FLD combined with ESI-MS detection after online-solid phase extraction of the monoterpene-coumarincarbamate derivates.
PubMed:Synergistic blends of monoterpenes for aggregation pheromones of the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed:Organosulfate formation in biogenic secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed:Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed:Traps and attractants for wood-boring insects in ponderosa pine stands in the Black Hills, South Dakota.
PubMed:Characterization of steam volatiles in the essential oil of black currant buds and the antioxidant properties of different bud extracts.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil from cones of Pinus koraiensis.
PubMed:The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed:Computational modeling of a stereoselective epoxidation: reaction of carene with peroxyformic acid.
PubMed:Larvicidal activity of Kaempferia galanga rhizome phenylpropanoids towards three mosquito species.
PubMed:Sensitivity of terpene emissions to drought and fertilization in terpene-storing Pinus halepensis and non-storing Quercus ilex.
PubMed:Variations in insecticidal activity and chemical compositions of leaf essential oils from Cryptomeria japonica at different ages.
PubMed:Content, composition, and bioactivity of the essential oils of three basil genotypes as a function of harvesting.
PubMed:Morphology of antennal sensilla auricillica and their detection of plant volatiles in the Herald moth, Scoliopteryx libatrix L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed:Physical and chemical responses of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) clones to colonization by Heterobasidion annosum as potential markers for relative host susceptibility.
PubMed:Low concentration of 3-carene stimulates the differentiation of mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 subclone 4 cells.
PubMed:Analysis of aromatic and terpenic constituents of pepper extracts by capillary electrochromatography.
PubMed:Role of host volatiles in mate location by the Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
PubMed:Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of essential oil from seeds and aerial parts of Ferulago angulata (Schlecht.) Boiss gathered in Nevakoh and Shahoo, Zagross mountain, West of Iran.
PubMed:Biotransformation of terpenoids by mammals, microorganisms, and plant-cultured cells.
PubMed:The role of genetic and chemical variation of Pinus sylvestris seedlings in influencing slug herbivory.
PubMed:Enantiomeric monoterpene emissions from natural and damaged Scots pine in a boreal coniferous forest measured using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Response to host volatiles by native and introduced populations of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in North America and China.
PubMed:Monoterpenes as novel substrates for oxidation and halo-hydroxylation with chloroperoxidase from Caldariomyces fumago.
PubMed:Host selection in Tomicus piniperda L.: composition of monoterpene hydrocarbons in relation to attack frequency in the shoot feeding phase.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of essential oils from Radix Angelicae Pubescentis].
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile constituents in leaves of three cypress species by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, Aspergillus and Candida strains.
PubMed:Composition and antibacterial activity of Abies balsamea essential oil.
PubMed:Impact of humidity on the ozone initiated oxidation of limonene, delta3-carene, and alpha-pinene.
PubMed:Metabolism of Delta(3)-carene by human cytochrome p450 enzymes: identification and characterization of two new metabolites.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile constituents of root and rhizome of Asarum heterotropoides Fr. var. mandshuricum (Maxim.) Kitag. by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Identification of the larval aggregation pheromone of codling moth, Cydia pomonella.
PubMed:Contributions of organic peroxides to secondary aerosol formed from reactions of monoterpenes with O3.
PubMed:Olfactory receptor neurons in two Heliothine moth species responding selectively to aliphatic green leaf volatiles, aromatic compounds, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes of plant origin.
PubMed:Continuous real-time analysis of products from the reaction of some monoterpenes with ozone using atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization coupled to a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer.
PubMed:Atmospheric fate of OH initiated oxidation of terpenes. Reaction mechanism of alpha-pinene degradation and secondary organic aerosol formation.
PubMed:Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.
PubMed:Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity by bicyclic monoterpenoids.
PubMed:An experimental comparison of a kinetic model for the reaction of alpha-pinene and Delta(3)-carene with ozone and nitrogen oxides.
PubMed:Mastrus ridibundus parasitoids eavesdrop on cocoon-spinning codling moth, Cydia pomonella, larvae.
PubMed:Responses of female orange wheat Blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana, to wheat panicle volatiles.
PubMed:Identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile organic compounds emitted from the wood-rotting fungi Serpula lacrymans and Coniophora puteana, and from Pinus sylvestris timber.
PubMed:Functional characterization of nine Norway Spruce TPS genes and evolution of gymnosperm terpene synthases of the TPS-d subfamily.
PubMed:Mono and diterpene production in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Full-scale chamber investigation and simulation of air freshener emissions in the presence of ozone.
PubMed:Dermal exposure to monoterpenes during wood work.
PubMed:Butyryl- and acetyl-cholinesterase inhibitory activities in essential oils of Salvia species and their constituents.
PubMed:Study of the carbonyl products of terpene/OH radical reactions: detection of the 2,4-DNPH derivatives by HPLC-MS.
PubMed:p-Anisaldehyde: acaricidal component of Pimpinella anisum seed oil against the house dust mites Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus.
PubMed:Effect of storage on the essential oil composition of Piper nigrum L. fruits of different ripening states.
PubMed:Effects of monoterpenoids, acting alone or in pairs, on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth.
PubMed:Antioxidative properties of the essential oil from Pinus mugo.
PubMed:Thiol-catalysed radical-chain redox rearrangement reactions of benzylidene acetals derived from terpenoid diols.
PubMed:Increased airway responsiveness of a common fragrance component, 3-carene, after skin sensitisation--a study in isolated guinea pig lungs.
PubMed:Volatile metabolites of higher plant crops as a photosynthesizing life support system component under temperature stress at different light intensities.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial properties of Sardinian Juniperus essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms.
PubMed:OH-initiated oxidation of monoterpenes: reaction of alpha-pinene.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth.
PubMed:Synthesis of new chiral 2,2'-bipyridine ligands and their application in copper-catalyzed asymmetric allylic oxidation and cyclopropanation.
PubMed:Respiratory symptoms and occupational exposures in New Zealand plywood mill workers.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oils of Juniperus from ripe and unripe berries and leaves and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of the fruit and leaf oils of Thuja orientalis L. grown in Iran.
PubMed:Identification of plant odours activating receptor neurones in the weevil Pissodes notatus F. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae).
PubMed:Exposure assessment to alpha- and beta-pinene, delta(3)-carene and wood dust in industrial production of wood pellets.
PubMed:Traumatic resin defense in Norway spruce (Picea abies): methyl jasmonate-induced terpene synthase gene expression, and cDNA cloning and functional characterization of (+)-3-carene synthase.
PubMed:A cDNA clone for 3-carene synthase from Salvia stenophylla.
PubMed:[Constituent analysis of the essential oil in leaves of Torreya nucifera].
PubMed:[Study on the volatile oils of Murraya microphylla].
PubMed:Volatile metabolites from microorganisms grown on humid building materials and synthetic media.
PubMed:Sensitive indoor air monitoring of monoterpenes using different adsorbents and thermal desorption gas chromatography with mass-selective detection.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of the essential oils from some species of the genus Pinus.
PubMed:Essential oils from micropropagated plants of Lavandula viridis.
PubMed:Comparing the variation of needle and wood terpenoids in Scots pine provenances.
PubMed:Structural elucidation of monoterpene oxidation products by ion trap fragmentation using on-line atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry in the negative ion mode.
PubMed:Age and space distributions of monoterpenes in fresh needles of Picea abies (L) Karst. Determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Evaluation of two adsorbents for diffusive sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatographic analysis of monoterpenes in air.
PubMed:Modeling the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). 2. The predicted effects of relative humidity on aerosol formation in the alpha-pinene-, beta-pinene-, sabinene-, delta 3-carene-, and cyclohexene-ozone systems.
PubMed:Airborne chemical compounds on dairy farms.
PubMed:Ozone removal in the sampling of parts per billion levels of terpenoid compounds: an evaluation of different scrubber materials.
PubMed:Identification of volatile constituents of Tambourissa leptophylla.
PubMed:Effect of in situ composting on reducing offensive odors and volatile organic compounds in swineries.
PubMed:Selective oviposition by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: culicidae) in response to Mesocyclops longisetus (Copepoda: Cyclopoidea) under laboratory and field conditions.
PubMed:Strategies of a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in an olfactory landscape.
PubMed:Intraspecific chemical variability of the leaf essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata from Corsica.
PubMed:The eye irritation and odor potencies of four terpenes which are major constituents of the emissions of VOCs from Nordic soft woods.
PubMed:An efficient chiral moderator prepared from inexpensive (+)-3-carene: synthesis of the HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor DPC 963.
PubMed:Assessment of terpene levels and workers' exposure in sawmills with Long Path FTIR.
PubMed:Development of rancidity in wheat germ analyzed by headspace gas chromatography and sensory analysis.
PubMed:Increased airway responsiveness after skin sensitisation to 3-carene, studied in isolated guinea pig lungs.
PubMed:Essential oil of Lepechinia schiedeana (Lamiaceae) from Costa Rica.
PubMed:Effect of individual terpenes on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:Evaluation of sensory irritation of delta3-carene and turpentine, and acceptable levels of monoterpenes in occupational and indoor environment.
PubMed:Sensory properties of selected terpenes. Thresholds for odor, nasal pungency, nasal localization, and eye irritation.
PubMed:Terpenoid composition of the wound-induced bark exudate of Commiphora tenuis from Ethiopia.
PubMed:Does airway responsiveness increase after skin sensitisation to 3-carene: a study in isolated guinea pig lungs.
PubMed:Effects of low concentrations of 3-carene on alveolar macrophages in vitro.
PubMed:Differential Inhibition of Sphaeropsis sapinea Morphotypes by a Phenolic Compound and Several Monoterpenes of Red Pine.
PubMed:Terpene exposure and respiratory effects among workers in Swedish joinery shops.
PubMed:Genetic determinism of δ3-carene in maritime pine using RAPD markers.
PubMed:Transient re-emergence of oil of turpentine allergy in the pottery industry.
PubMed:Short term inhalation exposure to turpentine: toxicokinetics and acute effects in men.
PubMed:Semiochemicals from bark beetles: New results, remarks, and reflections.
PubMed:Effects of biotic and abiotic stress on induced accumulation of terpenes and phenolics in red pines inoculated with bark beetle-vectored fungus.
PubMed:Mechanisms of 3-carene-induced bronchoconstriction in the isolated guinea pig lung.
PubMed:Introduction of oxygenated functional groups into 3-carene and 2-pinene by cultured cells.
PubMed:Caribbean fruit fly,Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), attraction to host fruit and host kairomones.
PubMed:Monoterpene synthases of Pinus contorta and related conifers. A new class of terpenoid cyclase.
PubMed:Chiral specificity in responses by the bark beetleDendroctonus valens to host kairomones.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of monoterpenes: regio- and stereochemistry of (+)-3-carene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Measurement of monoterpene hydrocarbon levels in vapor phase surrounding single-leaf pinyon (Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.: Pinaceae) understory litter.
PubMed:Response on the ground of bark beetle and weevil species colonizing conifer stumps and roots to terpenes and ethanol.
PubMed:Photooxidant-forming monoterpenes in air plumes from kraft pulp industries.
PubMed:Monoterpenes emitted to air from industrial barking of Scandinavian conifers.
PubMed:Attraction of bark beetles,Tomicus piniperda,Hylurgops palliatus, andTrypodendron domesticum and other insects to short-chain alcohols and monoterpenes.
PubMed:Influence of monoterpene vapors on spruce spider mite,Oligonychus ununguis, adult females.
PubMed:Human exposure to 3-carene by inhalation: toxicokinetics, effects on pulmonary function and occurrence of irritative and CNS symptoms.
PubMed:Mutagenic compounds in wood-chip drying fumes.
PubMed:Liquid/air partition coefficients of four terpenes.
PubMed:Identification of cis- and trans-verbenol in human urine after occupational exposure to terpenes.
PubMed:Pharmacological activity of the essential oil of Bupleurum gibraltaricum: anti-inflammatory activity and effects on isolated rat uteri.
PubMed:Comparative study of different essential oils of Bupleurum gibraltaricum Lamarck.
PubMed:Testing of the abiotic degradation of chemicals in the atmosphere: the smog chamber approach.
PubMed:Defensive odor emission from larvae of two sawfly species,Pristiphora erichsonii andP. wesmaeli.
PubMed:Resolution of monoterpene enantiomers by gas chromatography.
PubMed:Gallery initiation byTomicus piniperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) on scots pine trees baited with host volatiles.
PubMed:Differences in attraction to semiochemicals present in sympatric pine shoot beetles,Tomicus minor andT. piniperda.
PubMed:Douglas-fir and western larch: chemical and physical properties in relation to Douglas-fir bark beetle attack.
PubMed:Electroantennogram responses by mountain pine beetles,Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, exposed to selected semiochemicals.
PubMed:Allergy to oil of turpentine in Portugal.
PubMed:Terpenoids biotransformation in mammals III: Biotransformation of alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, pinane, 3-carene, carane, myrcene, and p-cymene in rabbits.
PubMed:Oil of turpentine--a disappearing allergen.
PubMed:[Separation of (+)delta 4-carene from (+)delta 3-carene with pyrolysis of correspondent cis-caran-trans-acetates].
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed:[Hydroboration of (+)delta-3-carene].
PubMed:Variation in the Monoterpenes of Pinus Ponderosa Laws.
PubMed:Microbiological transformations of terpenes. III. Transformations of some mono- and sesqui-terpenes.
PubMed:On the nature of the eczematogenic component of oxidized delta 3-carene.
Widespread plant product, found esp. in turpentine oils (from Pinus spp.) and oil of galbanum
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