ferulic acid
2-propenoic acid, 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-
 
Notes:
widely distributed in small amounts in plants.
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HLC-305 Ferulic Acid
      HLCFD-101 Natural Ferulic Acid
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0065 FERULIC ACID, Kosher
      N0050 NAT.FERULIC ACID, Kosher
       
  • O'Laughlin Industries
    • O'Laughlin Industries Inc.
      Manufacturer of Aroma
      Leading the Flavor and Fragrance Industry since 1980.
      O'Laughlin was established in 1980 by its owner and chief executive Michael O'Laughlin, when he moved to Beijing, China and established a small office. Since then it has grown to be a world class producer of chemicals, with significant production facilities in China, and distribution and sales in all major world markets.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Joe Schreiber
      Voice: (852) 2527-1031
      Fax: (852) 2529-0231
      US Voice: (973) 376-4600
      US Fax: (973) 376-4630
      Product(s):
      771-3051 NATURAL FERULIC ACID
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      06-11000 FERULIC ACID, Kosher
      06-11005 FERULIC ACID NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      Facebook
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W518301 trans-Ferulic acid, ≥99%
      SDS
       
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      N0055 nat.Ferulic Acid
       
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Facebook
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      507957 FERULIC ACID NATURAL
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid (Click)
CAS Number: 1135-24-6Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 214-490-0
FDA UNII: AVM951ZWST
Beilstein Number: 1570363
MDL: MFCD00004400
CoE Number: 10113
XlogP3: 1.50 (est)
Molecular Weight: 194.18650000
Formula: C10 H10 O4
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: (Z)- or (E)- isomer not specified by CASrn in Register. Mixture of E- and Z-isomers (EFFA, 2010a). Composition of stereoisomeric mixture to be specified
Category: food additive and cosmetic agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Flavis Number: 08.089 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 08.089  4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to tan powder (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 171.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 439.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.000003 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 302.00 °F. TCC ( 150.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.510
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 5970 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antimicrobial agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Ferulic Acid >98%
Changsha Organic Herb
Angelica Sinensis Extract / Dong Quai Extract
Coompo
For experimental / research use only.
Ferulic Acid from Plants ≥98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Ferulic acid is an antioxidant in vitro in the sense that it is reactive toward free radicals such as reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ferulic acid helps to prevent damage to our cells caused by ultraviolet light. Exposure to ultraviolet light actually increases the antioxidant potency of ferulic acid. Ferulic acid is often added as ingredient of anti-aging supplements. Studies have shown that ferulic acid can decrease blood glucose levels and can be of help to diabetes patients. ROS and free radicals are implicated in DNA damage, cancer, accelerated cell aging. Animal studies and in vitro studies suggest that ferulic acid may have direct antitumor activity against breast cancer and liver cancer. Ferulic acid may have pro-apoptotic effects in cancer cells, thereby leading to their destruction. Ferulic acid may be effective at preventing cancer induced by exposure to the carcinogenic compounds benzopyrene and 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide. Note that these are not randomized controlled trials done with human participants, and therefore, the results of these studies may not be directly applicable to human use. Ferulic acid incorporation into a topical solution of 15% L-ascorbic acid and 1% -tocopherol improved chemical stability of the vitamins (C+E) and doubled photoprotection to solar-simulated irradiation of skin from 4-fold to approximately 8-fold as measured by both erythema and sunburn cell formation. Inhibition of apoptosis was associated with reduced induction of caspase-3 and caspase-7. This antioxidant formulation efficiently reduced thymine dimer formation. This combination of pure natural low molecular weight antioxidants provides meaningful synergistic protection against oxidative stress in skin and should be useful for protection against photoaging and skin cancer.
Jiangyin Healthway
Ferulic Acid
New functional food ingredients
Jiangyin Healthway
Natural Ferulic Acid
M.C.Biotec
Ferulic Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Used in skin care, sun care, hair care, after sun, color cosmetics. Possesses anti-oxidant, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. Protects the skin form damage of UV light
M&U International
FERULIC ACID, Kosher
M&U International
NAT.FERULIC ACID, Kosher
Maypro Industries
Ferulic Acid
O'Laughlin Industries
NATURAL FERULIC ACID
Penta International
FERULIC ACID NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
FERULIC ACID, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ferulic Acid
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-Ferulic acid, ≥99%
Certified Food Grade Products
Sunaux International
nat.Ferulic Acid
Vigon International
FERULIC ACID NATURAL
Xian Yuensun Biological Technology
Ferulic Acid, 98%
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD  > 350 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY) BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA BEHAVIORAL: REGIDITY
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol. 49, Pg. 77, 1987.

intravenous-mouse LD50  857 mg/kg
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. Vol. 38, Pg. 1620, 1990.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: food additive and cosmetic agents
Recommendation for ferulic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.097 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3200 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 3.0000015.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 2.0000010.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 3.0000015.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 2.0000010.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 3.0000015.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 15.0000075.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 15 (FGE.15): Aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives from chemical group 22 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 55 (FGE.55): Consideration of phenyl-substituted aliphatic alcohols and related aldehydes and esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 15, Revision 1 (FGE.15Rev1) - Aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives from chemical group 22 - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 68 (FGE.68): Consideration of cinnamyl alcohol and related flavouring agents evaluated by JECFA (55th meeting) evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 15, Revision 2 (FGE.15Rev2): Aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives from chemical group 22
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 1135-24-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 709
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid
Chemidplus: 0001135246
RTECS: GD9275000 for cas# 1135-24-6
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References:
 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 1135-24-6
Pubchem (cid): 709
Pubchem (sid): 134980973
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Metabolomics Database: Search
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00954
FooDB: FDB012801
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01325
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 antimicrobial agents 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond plant
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 apple fruit
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 asparagus raw asparagus - 35 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 bamboo moso bamboo
Search Trop  Picture
 barley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean plant
Search Trop  Picture
 bean fava bean plant
Search Trop  Picture
 beer - up to 2 mg/kg
Search  PMC Picture
 beet
Search Trop  Picture
 beet leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 brussel sprout leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop  Picture
 cantaloupe plant
Search Trop  Picture
 carob bean
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 celery root
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 chive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 coconut leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander plant
Search Trop  Picture
 corn leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 corn sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant fruit - up to 19 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion flower
Search Trop  Picture
 date palm stem
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop  Picture
 eggplant root
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder plant
Search Trop  Picture
 evening-primrose plant
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fig plant
Search Trop  Picture
 flax seed
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger plant
Search Trop  Picture
 gooseberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 goosefoot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grape fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop plant
Search Trop  Picture
 leek wild leek plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lentil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lettuce plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lovage fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 oat seed
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 olive fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 onion leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 onion root
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 orange pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 peach plant
Search Trop  Picture
 peanut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 pineapple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 poppy opium poppy pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 potato tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 purslane plant
Search Trop  Picture
 quince fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 radish root
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rhubarb plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rhubarb root
Search Trop  Picture
 rice
Search Trop  Picture
 rice plant
Search Trop  Picture
 sage plant
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean - up to 0.1 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean plant
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach indian spinach plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach inflorescence
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spirits - up to 0.4 mg/kg
Search  Picture
 sunflower pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut english walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut english walnut testa
Search Trop  Picture
 wheat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 wine - up to 12 mg/kg
Search  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 coniferic acid
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy cinnammic acid
4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid
3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) acrylic acid
3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid
3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid
3-methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid
2-propenoic acid, 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: A Coenzyme-Independent Decarboxylase/Oxygenase Cascade for the Efficient Synthesis of Vanillin.
PubMed: Single nucleotide polymorphisms of PAD1 and FDC1 show a positive relationship with ferulic acid decarboxylation ability among industrial yeasts used in alcoholic beverage production.
PubMed: Transformation of ferulic acid to vanillin using a fed-batch solid-liquid two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed: Breaking down lignin to high-value chemicals: the conversion of lignocellulose to vanillin in a gene deletion mutant of Rhodococcus jostii RHA1.
PubMed: Characterization of two Streptomyces enzymes that convert ferulic acid to vanillin.
PubMed: Biological activity and fatty acid composition of Caesar's mushroom.
PubMed: Oxidative metabolites of curcumin poison human type II topoisomerases.
PubMed: Influence of endogenous ferulic acid in whole wheat flour on bread crust aroma.
PubMed: Studies on the key aroma compounds in soy milk made from three different soybean cultivars.
PubMed: Efficient synthesis of hydroxystyrenes via biocatalytic decarboxylation/deacetylation of substituted cinnamic acids by newly isolated Pantoea agglomerans strains.
PubMed: Effect of modification of the kilning regimen on levels of free ferulic acid and antioxidant activity in malt.
PubMed: Microbial production of biovanillin.
PubMed: Variability in the release of free and bound hydroxycinnamic acids from diverse malted barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars during wort production.
PubMed: Effect of heat treatment on the antioxidant activity, color, and free phenolic acid profile of malt.
PubMed: Production of a chimeric enzyme tool associating the Trichoderma reesei swollenin with the Aspergillus niger feruloyl esterase A for release of ferulic acid.
PubMed: Bioconversions of ferulic acid, an hydroxycinnamic acid.
PubMed: Antioxidant properties of kilned and roasted malts.
PubMed: Biotransformation and impact of ferulic acid on phenylpropanoid and capsaicin levels in Capsicum annuum L. cv. P1482 cell suspension cultures.
PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant capacity of cereal brans.
PubMed: Ferulic acid release and 4-vinylguaiacol formation during brewing and fermentation: indications for feruloyl esterase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Biotransformations of propenylbenzenes by an Arthrobacter sp. and its t-anethole blocked mutants.
PubMed: Real-time monitoring of 4-vinylguaiacol, guaiacol, and phenol during coffee roasting by resonant laser ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Effect of kilning on the antioxidant and pro-oxidant activities of pale malts.
PubMed: Modification of the levels of polyphenols in wort and beer by addition of hexamethylenetetramine or sulfite during mashing.
PubMed: Biotechnological production of vanillin.
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