amylopectin
 
Notes:
a highly branched glucan in starch. Amylopectin (CAS# 9037-22-3) is a highly branched polymer of glucose found in plants. It is one of the two components of starch, the other being amylose. It is insoluble in water. Glucose units are linked in a linear way with α(1→4) bonds. Branching takes place with α(1→6) bonds occurring every 24 to 30 glucose units. Its counterpart in animals is glycogen which has the same composition and structure, but with more extensive branching that occurs every 8 to 12 glucose units. Starch is made of about 80% amylopectin. Amylopectin is highly branched, being formed of 2,000 to 200,000 glucose units. Its inner chains are formed of 20-24 glucose subunits. The glucose residues are linked through alpha-1,4 glycosidic linkages. -- Wikipedia [HMDB]
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CAS Number: 9037-22-3Picture of molecule
Other: 189047-96-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 232-911-6
FDA UNII: 4XO4QFV777
Nikkaji Web: J652.590C
MDL: MFCD00130510
XlogP3-AA: -10.60 (est)
Molecular Weight: 828.72364000
Formula: C30 H52 O26
Category: cosmetic agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 1173.17 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 1226.00 °F. TCC ( 663.30 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -7.027 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
viscosity controlling agents
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Suppliers:
ECSA Chemicals
Oryza Sativa (Waxy) Starch
Company Profile
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Amylopectin, amylose free
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Amylopectin from maize
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic agents
Recommendation for amylopectin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for amylopectin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9037-22-3
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 439207
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
Chemidplus: 0009037223
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References:
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9037-22-3
Pubchem (cid): 439207
Pubchem (sid): 135341377
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00317
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB03255
FooDB: FDB023132
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 viscosity controlling agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 found in nature
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Synonyms:
 amylopectine
 amaizo 839
 amioca WCS
 cato 225
 cato 240
 cato 270
 cerestar SF 04201
 farinex WM 85
 film kote 54
 pectin, amylo
 starch, waxy
 ultraamylopectin N
 ultrasperse A
 waxy 7350
 waxy alpha Y
 waxy corn starch
 waxy maize starch
 waxy starch
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Articles:
PubMed: Purification and characterisation of a novel amylase enzyme from red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel.
PubMed: Storage of parbaked bread affects shelf life of fully baked end product: A (1)H NMR study.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of octenylsuccinylated plantain starch.
PubMed: Halophilic alkali- and thermostable amylase from a novel polyextremophilic Amphibacillus sp. NM-Ra2.
PubMed: Pea starch (Pisum sativum L.) with slow digestion property produced using ╬▓-amylase and transglucosidase.
PubMed: Determination of expression and activity of genes involved in starch metabolism in Lactobacillus plantarum A6 during fermentation of a cereal-based gruel.
PubMed: Effect of Acid Hydrolysis on Starch Structure and Functionality: A Review.
PubMed: Physical and Molecular Changes during the Storage of Gluten-Free Rice and Oat Bread.
PubMed: Effects of acid-hydrolysis and hydroxypropylation on functional properties of sago starch.
PubMed: The effect of high moisture heat-acid treatment on the structure and digestion property of normal maize starch.
PubMed: Gene cloning, functional expression and characterisation of a novel glycogen branching enzyme from Rhizomucor miehei and its application in wheat breadmaking.
PubMed: Variation in Amylose Fine Structure of Starches from Different Botanical Sources.
PubMed: Molecular weight, chain profile of rice amylopectin and starch pasting properties.
PubMed: Physicochemical properties and digestibility of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) starches.
PubMed: Distribution of branches in whole starches from maize mutants deficient in starch synthase III.
PubMed: Effect of single-, dual-, and triple-retrogradation treatments on in vitro digestibility and structural characteristics of waxy wheat starch.
PubMed: Suppression of starch synthase I expression affects the granule morphology and granule size and fine structure of starch in wheat endosperm.
PubMed: Evaluation of finger millet incorporated noodles for nutritive value and glycemic index.
PubMed: Starch accumulation, activities of key enzyme and gene expression in starch synthesis of wheat endosperm with different starch contents.
PubMed: Cycloamylose production from amylomaize by isoamylase and Thermus aquaticus 4-╬▒-glucanotransferase.
PubMed: Physicochemical and thermal properties of Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Great Northern bean starch.
PubMed: Freeze-drying changes the structure and digestibility of B-polymorphic starches.
PubMed: Physicochemical, morphological, and rheological characterization of Xanthosoma robustum Lego-like starch.
PubMed: Enzymatic modification of corn starch with 4-╬▒-glucanotransferase results in increasing slow digestible and resistant starch.
PubMed: Composition, structure, morphology and physicochemical properties of lablab bean, navy bean, rice bean, tepary bean and velvet bean starches.
PubMed: Characteristics of the starch fine structure and pasting properties of waxy rice during storage.
PubMed: Molecular characterisation of waxy corn and barley starches in different solvent systems as revealed by MALLS.
PubMed: Changes in physicochemical properties of waxy corn starches after harvest, and in mechanical properties of fresh cooked kernels during storage.
PubMed: Mechanism for Starch Granule Ghost Formation Deduced from Structural and Enzyme Digestion Properties.
PubMed: The retrogradation properties of glutinous rice and buckwheat starches as observed with FT-IR, 13C NMR and DSC.
PubMed: Characterization and mechanism of action of Microbacterium imperiale glucan 1,4-╬▒-maltotriohydrolase.
PubMed: Improved palatability and bio-functionality of super-hard rice by soaking in a barley-koji miso suspension.
PubMed: Starch/carrageenan/milk proteins interactions studied using multiple staining and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy.
PubMed: Genome-specific granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) influences starch biochemical and functional characteristics in near-isogenic wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) lines.
PubMed: Comparison of the metabolic responses to ingestion of hydrothermally processed high-amylopectin content maize, uncooked maize starch or dextrose in healthy individuals.
PubMed: Composition of clusters and building blocks in amylopectins from maize mutants deficient in starch synthase III.
PubMed: Amylopectin is the anti-fatigue ingredient in glutinous rice.
PubMed: Starch structure modulates metabolic activity and gut microbiota profile.
PubMed: Physico-chemical properties of ready to eat, shelf-stable pasta during storage.
PubMed: Effects of heat stress during grain filling on the structure and thermal properties of waxy maize starch.
PubMed: Starch chain interactions within the amorphous and crystalline domains of pulse starches during heat-moisture treatment at different temperatures and their impact on physicochemical properties.
PubMed: Effect of a Thermoascus aurantiacus thermostable enzyme cocktail on wheat bread qualitiy.
PubMed: Effects of the amylose-amylopectin ratio on starch-hydrocolloid interactions.
PubMed: Heat-moisture treatment under mildly acidic conditions alters potato starch physicochemical properties and digestibility.
PubMed: Application and opportunities of pulses in food system: a review.
PubMed: Assessment of the influence of amylose-LPC complexation on the extent of wheat starch digestibility by size-exclusion chromatography.
PubMed: Relative importance of moisture migration and amylopectin retrogradation for pound cake crumb firming.
PubMed: Effect of cultivar, location and year on total starch, amylose, phosphorus content and starch grain size of high starch potato cultivars for food and industrial processing.
PubMed: The impact of baking time and bread storage temperature on bread crumb properties.
PubMed: Impact on molecular organization of amylopectin in starch granules upon annealing.
PubMed: Iodine binding to explore the conformational state of internal chains of amylopectin.
PubMed: Particle size distribution of rice flour affecting the starch enzymatic hydrolysis and hydration properties.
PubMed: Molecular structure of starches from maize mutants deficient in starch synthase III.
PubMed: Characterization of internal structure of maize starch without amylose and amylopectin separation.
PubMed: Influence of waxy rice flour substitution for wheat flour on characteristics of batter and freeze-thawed cake.
PubMed: Interactions of starch with a cyanidin-catechin pigment (vignacyanidin) isolated from Vigna angularis bean.
PubMed: An attempt to cast light into starch nanocrystals preparation and cross-linking.
PubMed: Cornmeal and starch influence the dynamic of fumonisin B, A and C production and masking in Fusarium verticillioides and F. proliferatum.
PubMed: Starch biosynthesis, its regulation and biotechnological approaches to improve crop yields.
PubMed: Functional, thermal and molecular behaviours of ozone-oxidised cocoyam and yam starches.
PubMed: Identification of two novel waxy alleles and development of their molecular markers in sorghum.
PubMed: Displacement-type quartz crystal microbalance immunosensing platform for ultrasensitive monitoring of small molecular toxins.
PubMed: Effects of cooking methods and starch structures on starch hydrolysis rates of rice.
PubMed: High-throughput RNA sequencing profiles and transcriptional evidence of aerobic respiratory enzymes in sporulating oocysts and sporozoites of Eimeria tenella.
PubMed: Effects of starch on nitrous acid-induced oxidation of kaempferol and inhibition of ╬▒-amylase-catalysed digestion of starch by kaempferol under conditions simulating the stomach and the intestine.
PubMed: Physicochemical properties of A- and B-starch granules isolated from hard red and soft red winter wheat.
PubMed: Molecular structure of citric acid cross-linked starch films.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of bionanocomposite films filled with nanorod-rich zinc oxide.
PubMed: The cold storage of green bananas affects the starch degradation during ripening at higher temperature.
PubMed: Characterization of the spatial and temporal expression of the OsSSII-3 gene encoding a key soluble starch synthase in rice.
PubMed: Genomic and physiological variability within Group II (non-proteolytic) Clostridium botulinum.
PubMed: Electron microscopy and composition of raw acorn starch in relation to in vivo starch digestibility.
PubMed: Low phytic acid 1 mutation in maize modifies density, starch properties, cations, and fiber contents in the seed.
PubMed: Mammalian mucosal ╬▒-glucosidases coordinate with ╬▒-amylase in the initial starch hydrolysis stage to have a role in starch digestion beyond glucogenesis.
PubMed: Biopolymer interactions, water dynamics, and bread crumb firming.
PubMed: Effects of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) tannins on ╬▒-amylase activity and in vitro digestibility of starch in raw and processed flours.
PubMed: Effect of parboiling on the formation of resistant starch, digestibility and functional properties of rice flour from different varieties grown in Sri Lanka.
PubMed: A novel multifunctional ╬▒-amylase from the thermophilic fungus Malbranchea cinnamomea: biochemical characterization and three-dimensional structure.
PubMed: Genotype by environment interaction effects on starch content and digestibility in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.).
PubMed: Starch modification with microbial alpha-glucanotransferase enzymes.
PubMed: Increasing lysine content of waxy maize through introgression of opaque-2 and opaque-16 genes using molecular assisted and biochemical development.
PubMed: Ordered structure and thermal property of acid-modified high-amylose rice starch.
PubMed: Effects of amylosucrase treatment on molecular structure and digestion resistance of pre-gelatinised rice and barley starches.
PubMed: Process conditions affect starch structure and its interactions with proteins in rice pasta.
PubMed: Genotype diversity in structure of amylopectin of waxy rice and its influence on gelatinization properties.
PubMed: On the importance of organization of glucan chains on thermal properties of starch.
PubMed: Analysis of starch in food systems by high-performance size exclusion chromatography.
PubMed: On the interconnection of clusters and building blocks in barley amylopectin.
PubMed: Characterization of normal and waxy corn starch for bioethanol production.
PubMed: [X-ray diffraction study of high hydrostatic pressure on crystalline structure of different type starches].
PubMed: Toward underlying reasons for rice starches having low viscosity and high amylose: physiochemical and structural characteristics.
PubMed: Morphological and molecular characterization of Sarcocystis miescheriana from pigs in the central region of China.
PubMed: Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene expression profiling in the seeds of a rice waxy mutant.
PubMed: Effects of homoeologous wheat starch synthase IIa genes on starch properties.
PubMed: Interaction of tannins and other sorghum phenolic compounds with starch and effects on in vitro starch digestibility.
PubMed: The importance of amylose and amylopectin fine structures for starch digestibility in cooked rice grains.
PubMed: Structure of building blocks in amylopectins.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of Citrus flavonoids on starch digestion and antihyperglycemic effects in HepG2 cells.
PubMed: Effect of pre-dehydration treatment on the in vitro digestibility of starch in cookie.
PubMed: Waxy phenotype evolution in the allotetraploid cereal broomcorn millet: mutations at the GBSSI locus in their functional and phylogenetic context.
PubMed: Effect of inulin on rheological and thermal properties of gluten-free dough.
PubMed: Devitrification of the amorphous fractions of starch during gelatinisation.
PubMed: Molecular, mesoscopic and microscopic structure evolution during amylase digestion of maize starch granules.
PubMed: Comparison of the gelatinization behavior of organic and conventional spelt starches assessed by thermal and rheological analyses.
PubMed: The intestinal microbiota in aged mice is modulated by dietary resistant starch and correlated with improvements in host responses.
PubMed: Structural changes of starch during baking and staling of rye bread.
PubMed: Properties of a novel type of starch found in the double mutant "sweet wheat".
PubMed: Effect of sectioning and water on resin-embedded sections of corn starch granules to analyze inner structure.
PubMed: Determination of amylopectin structure and physicochemical properties in rice endosperm starch of mutant lines derived from Malaysian rice cultivar MR219.
PubMed: Microstructural, physical, and sensory impact of starch, inulin, and soy protein in low-fat gluten and lactose free white sauces.
PubMed: Retrograded starches as potential anodes in lithium-ion rechargeable batteries.
PubMed: Differential effects of genetically distinct mechanisms of elevating amylose on barley starch characteristics.
PubMed: Lack of efficacy of a starch-thickened preterm formula on gastro-oesophageal reflux in preterm infants: a pilot study.
PubMed: Role of molecular entanglements in starch fiber formation by electrospinning.
PubMed: Isolation of a new phlorotannin, a potent inhibitor of carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes, from the brown alga Sargassum patens.
PubMed: Assignments of proton populations in dough and bread using NMR relaxometry of starch, gluten, and flour model systems.
PubMed: Starch characteristics of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) overexpressing the Dx5 high molecular weight glutenin subunit are substantially equivalent to those in nonmodified wheat.
PubMed: Building block organisation of clusters in amylopectin from different structural types.
PubMed: Molecular and morphological aspects of annealing-induced stabilization of starch crystallites.
PubMed: Staling of cereal bran enriched cakes and the effect of an endoxylanase enzyme on the physicochemical and sensorial characteristics.
PubMed: A new proposed sweet potato starch granule structure--pomegranate concept.
PubMed: High-amylose rice improves indices of animal health in normal and diabetic rats.
PubMed: Structural and physicochemical characterisation of rye starch.
PubMed: Fibre-rich additives--the effect on staling and their function in free-standing and pan-baked bread.
PubMed: A possible structure of retrograded maize starch speculated by UV and IR spectra of it and its components.
PubMed: The impact of germination on the characteristics of brown rice flour and starch.
PubMed: Characteristics of pregelatinized ae mutant rice flours prepared by boiling after preroasting.
PubMed: A novel wheat variety with elevated content of amylose increases resistant starch formation and may beneficially influence glycaemia in healthy subjects.
PubMed: The building block structure of barley amylopectin.
PubMed: Physicochemical and structural properties of maize and potato starches as a function of granule size.
PubMed: Impact of down-regulation of starch branching enzyme IIb in rice by artificial microRNA- and hairpin RNA-mediated RNA silencing.
PubMed: The cluster structure of barley amylopectins of different genetic backgrounds.
PubMed: Solvent effects on starch dissolution and gelatinization.
PubMed: Analytical methodology for multidimensional size/branch-length distributions for branched glucose polymers using off-line 2-dimensional size-exclusion chromatography and enzymatic treatment.
PubMed: Starch characterization and ethanol production of sorghum.
PubMed: Plantain and banana starches: granule structural characteristics explain the differences in their starch degradation patterns.
PubMed: Interference prevention in size-exclusion chromatographic analysis of debranched starch glucans by aqueous system.
PubMed: Inhibition of buckwheat starch digestion by the formation of starch/bile salt complexes: possibility of its occurrence in the intestine.
PubMed: Biochemical and Structural Characterization of Amy1: An Alpha-Amylase from Cryptococcus flavus Expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Barley grain constituents, starch composition, and structure affect starch in vitro enzymatic hydrolysis.
PubMed: Structural characterization of Peruvian carrot (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) starch and the effect of annealing on its semicrystalline structure.
PubMed: Effect of fertiliser on functional properties of flour from four rice varieties grown in Sri Lanka.
PubMed: Effects of molecular characteristics of on konjac glucomannan glass transitions of potato amylose, amylopection and their mixtures.
PubMed: Physicochemical, functional, and macromolecular properties of waxy yam starches discovered from "Mapuey" (Dioscorea trifida) genotypes in the Venezuelan Amazon.
PubMed: Effects of drying conditions of corn kernels and storage at an elevated humidity on starch structures and properties.
PubMed: Fatty acids, epicatechin-dimethylgallate, and rutin interact with buckwheat starch inhibiting its digestion by amylase: implications for the decrease in glycemic index by buckwheat flour.
PubMed: Molecular weight distributions of starch branches reveal genetic constraints on biosynthesis.
PubMed: A photographic approach to the possible mechanism of retrogradation of sweet potato starch.
PubMed: The impact of heat-moisture treatment on molecular structures and properties of starches isolated from different botanical sources.
PubMed: Chemical profile, rumen degradation kinetics, and energy value of four hull-less barley cultivars: comparison of the zero-amylose waxy, waxy, high-amylose, and normal starch cultivars.
PubMed: Morphological changes and viability of Cryptosporidium parvum sporozoites after excystation in cell-free culture media.
PubMed: Increasing the amylose content of durum wheat through silencing of the SBEIIa genes.
PubMed: Determination of maize kernel hardness: comparison of different laboratory tests to predict dry-milling performance.
PubMed: Starch digestion mechanistic information from the time evolution of molecular size distributions.
PubMed: Isolation and physicochemical characterisation of starch from cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) grown in Malawi.
PubMed: Variability of grain quality in sorghum: association with polymorphism in Sh2, Bt2, SssI, Ae1, Wx and O2.
PubMed: The fine structure of cassava starch amylopectin. Part 2: building block structure of clusters.
PubMed: [Effects of dynamic high-pressure microfluidization on the structure of waxy rice starch].
PubMed: Fast polymer fingerprinting using flowing afterglow atmospheric pressure glow discharge mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Changes in starch physical characteristics following digestion of foods in the human small intestine.
PubMed: Physicochemical, rheological and structural characteristics of starch in maize tortillas.
PubMed: Inhibition of the expression of the starch synthase II gene leads to lower pasting temperature in sweetpotato starch.
PubMed: Consumption of a high glycemic index diet increases abdominal adiposity but does not influence adipose tissue pro-oxidant and antioxidant gene expression in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed: Determination of amylose content in starch using Raman spectroscopy and multivariate calibration analysis.
PubMed: Second harmonic generation imaging - a new method for unraveling molecular information of starch.
PubMed: Structure, physical, and digestive properties of starch from wx ae double-mutant rice.
PubMed: Relationship of starch changes to puffing expansion of parboiled rice.
PubMed: Control of starch branching in barley defined through differential RNAi suppression of starch branching enzyme IIa and IIb.
PubMed: A novel thermostable, acidophilic alpha-amylase from a new thermophilic "Bacillus sp. Ferdowsicous" isolated from Ferdows hot mineral spring in Iran: Purification and biochemical characterization.
PubMed: Functions of gum arabic and soybean soluble polysaccharide in cooked rice as a texture modifier.
PubMed: Relationship of granule size distribution and amylopectin structure with pasting, thermal, and retrogradation properties in wheat starch.
PubMed: Fate of starch in food processing: from raw materials to final food products.
PubMed: Starch molecular structure shows little association with fruit physiology and starch metabolism in tomato.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of amylopectin by amylolytic enzymes: level of inner chain attack as an important analytical differentiation criterion.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of amylopectin by amylolytic enzymes: structural analysis of the residual amylopectin population.
PubMed: Pressure-temperature phase diagrams of maize starches with different amylose contents.
PubMed: Mechanical and structural properties of solution-cast high-amylose maize starch films.
PubMed: Dietary starch type affects body weight and glycemic control in freely fed but not energy-restricted obese rats.
PubMed: Effect of gamma irradiation on molecular structure and physicochemical properties of corn starch.
PubMed: Characterization of starch by size-exclusion chromatography: the limitations imposed by shear scission.
PubMed: Characterization of 4-alpha-glucanotransferase from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and its application to various corn starches.
PubMed: Diversity in amylopectin structure, thermal and pasting properties of starches from wheat varieties/lines.
PubMed: Presence of amylose crystallites in parboiled rice.
PubMed: Effect of fermentation with Rhizopus oligosporus on some physico-chemical properties of starch extracts from soybean flour.
PubMed: Structure and function of starch and resistant starch from corn with different doses of mutant amylose-extender and floury-1 alleles.
PubMed: Antifirming effects of starch degrading enzymes in bread crumb.
PubMed: Kernel composition, starch structure, and enzyme digestibility of opaque-2 maize and quality protein maize.
PubMed: Molecular structure of selected tuber and root starches and effect of amylopectin structure on their physical properties.
PubMed: The impact of single and dual hydrothermal modifications on the molecular structure and physicochemical properties of normal corn starch.
PubMed: Structural investigations and morphology of tomato fruit starch.
PubMed: Characterization of a novel debranching enzyme from Nostoc punctiforme possessing a high specificity for long branched chains.
PubMed: Starch phosphorylation--maltosidic restrains upon 3'- and 6'-phosphorylation investigated by chemical synthesis, molecular dynamics and NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed: Structure and hydration of the amylopectin trisaccharide building blocks--Synthesis, NMR, and molecular dynamics.
PubMed: Model approach to starch functionality in bread making.
PubMed: Structure and functional properties of sorghum starches differing in amylose content.
PubMed: Nutritional property of endosperm starches from maize mutants: a parabolic relationship between slowly digestible starch and amylopectin fine structure.
PubMed: Grain qualities and their genetic derivation of 7 new rice for Africa (NERICA) varieties.
PubMed: Slowly digestible state of starch: mechanism of slow digestion property of gelatinized maize starch.
PubMed: Structural and molecular basis of starch viscosity in hexaploid wheat.
PubMed: Sustainable films and coatings from hemicelluloses: a review.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of branching specificity of a novel extracellular amylolytic enzyme from marine hyperthermophilic Rhodothermus marinus.
PubMed: Modification of granular corn starch with 4-alpha-glucanotransferase from Thermotoga maritima: effects on structural and physical properties.
PubMed: Characteristics of taro (Colocasia esculenta) starches planted in different seasons and their relations to the molecular structure of starch.
PubMed: Mechanistic investigation of a starch-branching enzyme using hydrodynamic volume SEC analysis.
PubMed: Study on alpha-amylase hydrolysis of potato amylopectin by a quartz crystal microbalance.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis and properties of highly branched rice starch amylose and amylopectin cluster.
PubMed: Slowly digestible waxy maize starch prepared by octenyl succinic anhydride esterification and heat-moisture treatment: glycemic response and mechanism.
PubMed: Cloning and characterization of glycogen-debranching enzyme from hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae.
PubMed: Chemical structure and physical properties of mung bean starches isolated from 5 domestic cultivars.
PubMed: Processing of novel elevated amylose wheats: functional properties and starch digestibility of extruded products.
PubMed: Production and characterization of Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Colocasia esculenta flours.
PubMed: Structural characterization of rice starch in rice cake modified by Thermus scotoductus 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (TS alpha GTase).
PubMed: Influence of storage conditions on the structure, thermal behavior, and formation of enzyme-resistant starch in extruded starches.
PubMed: Locations of hypochlorite oxidation in corn starches varying in amylose content.
PubMed: Effects of starch synthase IIa gene dosage on grain, protein and starch in endosperm of wheat.
PubMed: Internal structure and physicochemical properties of corn starches as revealed by chemical surface gelatinization.
PubMed: Modulation of substrate preference of thermus maltogenic amylase by mutation of the residues at the interface of a dimer.
PubMed: Starch with a slow digestion property produced by altering its chain length, branch density, and crystalline structure.
PubMed: TreX from Sulfolobus solfataricus ATCC 35092 displays isoamylase and 4-alpha-glucanotransferase activities.
PubMed: An in vitro study of the effect of some dietary components on calculus formation: regulation of calcium phosphate precipitation.
PubMed: Rice amylopectin fine structure variability affects starch digestion properties.
PubMed: Biochemical and structural features of a novel cyclodextrinase from cow rumen metagenome.
PubMed: Nanostructural analysis of starch components by atomic force microscopy.
PubMed: Alkaline dissolution of starch facilitated by microwave heating for analysis by size-exclusion chromatography.
PubMed: Soluble starch synthase I effects differences in amylopectin structure between indica and japonica rice varieties.
PubMed: Structural basis for the slow digestion property of native cereal starches.
PubMed: Slow digestion property of native cereal starches.
PubMed: Starch retrogradation.
PubMed: Mechanical degradation and changes in conformation of hydrophobically modified starch.
PubMed: Gelatinization of starch in excess water: beyond the melting of lamellar crystallites. A combined wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering study.
PubMed: Molecular degradation rate of rice and corn starches during acid-methanol treatment and its relation to the molecular structure of starch.
PubMed: Gelatinization and solubility of corn starch during heating in excess water: new insights.
PubMed: Structural characteristics and physicochemical properties of oxidized corn starches varying in amylose content.
PubMed: Development of a low glycemic maize starch: preparation and characterization.
PubMed: Comparison of physicochemical properties and starch structure of red rice and cultivated rice.
PubMed: Rice starch, amylopectin, and amylose: molecular weight and solubility in dimethyl sulfoxide-based solvents.
PubMed: Modification of rice starch by selective degradation of amylose using alkalophilic Bacillus cyclomaltodextrinase.
PubMed: [Key enzymes in starch synthesis in plants].
PubMed: Morphological, structural, thermal, and rheological characteristics of starches separated from apples of different cultivars.
PubMed: Raman spectroscopic study of Lactarius spores (Russulales, Fungi).
PubMed: Physicochemical properties of Venezuelan breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) starch.
PubMed: Effects of storage temperatures and annealing conditions on the structure and properties of potato (Solanum tuberosum) starch.
PubMed: Influence of amylopectin structure and amylose content on the gelling properties of five cultivars of cassava starches.
PubMed: ESR investigation of starch gelatinization using novel spin probes.
PubMed: High-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) and fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) to describe the chain-length distribution of debranched starch.
PubMed: Comparative study of the retrogradation of intermediate water content waxy maize, wheat, and potato starches.
PubMed: Relationships among the composition and physicochemical properties of starches with the characteristics of their films.
PubMed: [Advances in research on biosynthesis of plant amylopectin].
PubMed: Activity, cloning, and expression of an isoamylase-type starch-debranching enzyme from banana fruit.
PubMed: Hydration of the amylopectin branch point. Evidence of restricted conformational diversity of the alpha-(1-->6) linkage.
PubMed: Effects of alpha-amylases from different sources on the firming of concentrated wheat starch gels: relationship to bread staling.
PubMed: Effect of alpha-amylases from different sources on the retrogradation and recrystallization of concentrated wheat starch gels: relationship to bread staling.
PubMed: Amylopectin molecular structure reflected in macromolecular organization of granular starch.
PubMed: Differential scanning calorimetry study of glass transition in frozen starch gels.
PubMed: Sensory and rheological properties of transgenically and chemically modified starch ingredients as evaluated in a food product model.
PubMed: Characterization of potato leaf starch.
PubMed: Exploring and exploiting starch-modifying amylomaltases from thermophiles.
PubMed: Improving starch for food and industrial applications.
PubMed: Acid hydrolysis of native and annealed starches and branch-structure of their Naegeli dextrins.
PubMed: The endogenous development, described by light and electron microscopy, of Eimeria jamescooki sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the skink Cryptoblepharus virgatus.
PubMed: Atomic force microscopy of pea starch granules: granule architecture of wild-type parent, r and rb single mutants, and the rrb double mutant.
PubMed: Effects of amylopectin structure and molecular weight on microstructural and rheological properties of mixed beta-lactoglobulin gels.
PubMed: Use of (13)c MAS NMR to study domain structure and dynamics of polysaccharides in the native starch granules.
PubMed: Partial beta-amylolysis retards starch retrogradation in rice products.
PubMed: Nutritional and carbohydrate characteristics of wheat and chickpea based weaning foods.
PubMed: The phosphorylation site in double helical amylopectin as investigated by a combined approach using chemical synthesis, crystallography and molecular modeling.
PubMed: Detection of a novel three component complex consisting of starch, protein, and free fatty acids.
PubMed: Fine structures and physicochemical properties of starches from chalky and translucent rice kernels.
PubMed: Analysis of the retrogradation of low starch concentration gels using differential scanning calorimetry, rheology, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
PubMed: Viscosity of rice flour: a rheological and biological study.
PubMed: Solid-State 13C CP/MAS NMR studies on aging of starch in white bread.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of amylases from small abalone (Sulculus diversicolor aquatilis).
PubMed: Assessment of screening methods for the identification of genetically modified potatoes in raw materials and finished products.
PubMed: Nonencapsulated Neisseria meningitidis strain produces amylopectin from sucrose: altering the concept for differentiation between N. meningitidis and N. polysaccharea.
PubMed: Starch: the need for improved quality or quantity--an overview.
PubMed: Structure-retrogradation relationship of rice starch in purified starches and cooked rice grains: a statistical investigation.
PubMed: Retention of aroma compounds in starch matrices: competitions between aroma compounds toward amylose and amylopectin.
PubMed: Influence of physicochemical interactions between amylose and aroma compounds on the retention of aroma in food-like matrices.
PubMed: Inverse association between the effect of carbohydrates on blood glucose and subsequent short-term food intake in young men.
PubMed: [Sorption of mono- and sesquiterpenes by natural polysaccharides].
PubMed: Structural features of non-granular spherulitic maize starch.
PubMed: Discrete forms of amylose are synthesized by isoforms of GBSSI in pea.
PubMed: Structures and physicochemical properties of six wild rice starches.
PubMed: Utilization of enzyme mixtures to retard bread crumb firming.
PubMed: Use of (1)H cross-relaxation nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to probe the changes in bread and its components during aging.
PubMed: Characterization of starch from tubers of yam bean (Pachyrhizus ahipa).
PubMed: Internal structure of normal maize starch granules revealed by chemical surface gelatinization.
PubMed: Effects of glycerol and moisture gradient on thermomechanical properties of white bread.
PubMed: Functional properties of corn, banana and potato starch blends.
PubMed: FTIR microspectroscopy study of composition fluctuations in extruded amylopectin-gelatin blends.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of the maize amyloplast stromal 112-kDa starch phosphorylase.
PubMed: Effect of phospholipids transesterified enzymatically with polyunsaturated fatty acids on gelatinization and retrogradation of starch.
PubMed: Physicochemical properties and structure of large, medium and small granule starches in fractions of normal barley endosperm.
PubMed: Glassy-Rubbery Transition and Recrystallization during Aging of Wheat Starch Gels.
PubMed: Structural Modification and Bioavailability of Starch Components As Related to the Extent of Maillard Reaction: An Enzymatic Degradation and a Solid-State (13)C CPMAS NMR Study.
PubMed: Identification of the maize amyloplast stromal 112-kD protein as a plastidic starch phosphorylase.
PubMed: Involvement of conserved aspartate and glutamate residues in the catalysis and substrate binding of maize starch synthase.
PubMed: Glycaemic index of parboiled rice depends on the severity of processing: study in type 2 diabetic subjects.
PubMed: Hydrolytic action of alpha-amylase on high-amylose starch of low molecular mass.
PubMed: Production of very-high-amylose potato starch by inhibition of SBE A and B.
PubMed: Influence of genotype and processing on the in vitro rate of starch hydrolysis and resistant starch formation in peas (Pisum sativum L.).
PubMed: Oil uptake properties of fried batters from rice flour.
PubMed: Impact of maltodextrins and antistaling enzymes on the differential scanning calorimetry staling endotherm of baked bread doughs.
PubMed: Glycemic index, cardiovascular disease, and obesity.
PubMed: In vitro utilization of amylopectin and high-amylose maize (Amylomaize) starch granules by human colonic bacteria.
PubMed: Essential arginine residues in maize starch synthase IIa are involved in both ADP-glucose and primer binding.
PubMed: Effect of temperature on the saccharide composition obtained after alpha-amylolysis of starch
PubMed: The effect of process conditions on the alpha-amylolytic hydrolysis of amylopectin potato starch: An experimental design approach.
PubMed: Physicochemical structure of the starch granule.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of maize starch synthase I and its truncated forms.
PubMed: Dietary amylose-amylopectin starch content affects glucose and lipid metabolism in adipocytes of normal and diabetic rats.
PubMed: Influence of growth conditions on barley starch properties.
PubMed: Soluble amylose cornstarch is more digestible than soluble amylopectin potato starch in rats.
PubMed: Resistant starch as energy.
PubMed: Interaction between physical structure and amylose:amylopectin ratio of foods on postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects.
PubMed: Purification and properties of alpha-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae ATCC 76080.
PubMed: Arepas made from high amylose corn flour produce favorably low glucose and insulin responses in healthy humans.
PubMed: Degradation of complex carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium spp.
PubMed: Glucose and insulin responses to barley products: influence of food structure and amylose-amylopectin ratio.
PubMed: Food properties affecting the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates.
PubMed: Monostearoylglycerol-starch complex: its digestibility and effects on glycemic and lipogenic responses.
PubMed: Starch bioavailability in arepas made from ordinary or high amylose corn: concentration and gastrointestinal fate of resistant starch in rats.
PubMed: The role of type and structure of complex carbohydrates response to physical exercise.
PubMed: The rate of uptake and metabolism of starch grains and cellulose particles by Entodinium species, Eudiplodinium maggii, some other entodiniomorphid protozoa and natural protozoal populations taken from the ovine rumen.
PubMed: Glass transition of gluten. 1: Gluten and gluten-sugar mixtures.
PubMed: Starch flavor: apparent discrimination between amylopectin and amylose by rats.
PubMed: Structure of the starch granule--a curved crystal.
PubMed: Water diffusivity in starch-based systems.
PubMed: Effect of water as a diluent on the glass transition behaviour of malto-oligosaccharides, amylose and amylopectin.
PubMed: Modified food starch--an update.
PubMed: Starch-induced overeating and overweight in rats: influence of starch type and form.
PubMed: Effect of modification of sulfhydryl groups in soybean beta-amylase on the interaction with substrate and inhibitors.
PubMed: Starch preference in rats.
PubMed: Thermodynamics of water and ethanol adsorption on four starches as model biomass separation systems.
PubMed: Special bacterial polysaccharides and polysaccharases.
PubMed: Staling white pan bread: fundamental causes.
PubMed: Fermentation of polysaccharides by Klebsielleae and other facultative bacilli.
PubMed: [Biological value of new canned baby foods stabilized with various types of starch].
PubMed: Composition of starch accumulated in the leaf lamineae of timothy, sorghum and lucerne.
PubMed: Effect of waxy corn starch modification on growth, serum biochemical values and body composition of Pitman-Moore miniature pigs.
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