allethrins
chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid, 3-allyl-3-methyl-4-oxo-2-cyclopenten-1-yl ester
 
Notes:
None found
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(2-methyl-4-oxo-3-prop-2-enylcyclopent-2-en-1-yl) 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate (Click)
CAS Number: 584-79-2Picture of molecule
Other: 137-98-4
FDA UNII: G79DM7O471
Nikkaji Web: J445F
Beilstein Number: 2294836
MDL: MFCD00045443
XlogP3: 4.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 302.41382000
Formula: C19 H26 O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: cosmetic agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: amber clear viscous liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 386.80 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 331.00 °F. TCC ( 166.00 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 4.780
Soluble in:
 water, 4.6 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 water, 0.9838 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
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Suppliers:
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Allethrin PESTANAL®, analytical standard
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  38 mg/kg
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 31, Pg. 250, 1983.

oral-mouse LD50  370 mg/kg
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry. Vol. 28, Pg. 914, 1965.

oral-quail LD50  2030 mg/kg
Pesticide Manual. Vol. 9, Pg. 19, 1991.

intraperitoneal-rabbit LD50  11200 mg/kg
World Review of Pest Control. Vol. 3, Pg. 28, 1964.

oral-rabbit LD50  4290 mg/kg
Special Publication of the Entomological Society of America. Vol. 78-1, Pg. 7, 1978.

oral-rat LD50  685 mg/kg
Farm Chemicals Handbook. Vol. -, Pg. C255, 1991.

unreported-rat LD50  680 mg/kg
"Chemistry of Pesticides," Melnikov, N.N., New York, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1971Vol. -, Pg. 131, 1971.

intravenous-rat LDLo  4 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: AGGRESSION BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol. 2, Pg. 308, 1972.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-mouse LD50 1200 mg/kg
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry. Vol. 27, Pg. 684, 1963.

skin-rabbit LD50 11332 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 2, Pg. 420, 1950.

skin-rat LD50 2500 mg/kg
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 37, Pg. 187, 1986.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 > 2000 mg/m3
Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. Vol. 37, Pg. 187, 1986.

inhalation-rat LCLo 13800 mg/m3/4H
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 2, Pg. 420, 1950.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic agents
Recommendation for allethrins usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for allethrins flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicants and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for pyrethrins in light of confirmatory data
View page or View pdf
Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for pyrethrins in light of confirmatory data
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 584-79-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 11442
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 (2-methyl-4-oxo-3-prop-2-enylcyclopent-2-en-1-yl) 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate
Chemidplus: 0000584792
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 584-79-2
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References:
 (2-methyl-4-oxo-3-prop-2-enylcyclopent-2-en-1-yl) 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 584-79-2
Pubchem (cid): 11442
Pubchem (sid): 134978652
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C14337
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
Household Products: Search
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•usepaopp pesticide code: 004001; trade names: ent 16275, ent 17510, fda 1446, fmc 249, nia 249, pyresin, pynamin, exthrin. •aerosol dispenser; emulsifiable concentrate; dispersible powder; wettable powder; coil •d-allethrin is greater thanequal to 95% (1r)-isomers and greater thanequal to 75% trans isomers •grades: 90% technical (approx 90% pure, with 10% of isomers or related cmpd); 20% technical, 2.5% technical. •the synthetic product contains 75-95% of eight enantiomers, 70% (+-)-trans and 30% (+-)-cis acids esterified with (+-)cyclopentenolone alcohol ... •allethrin isomers and their relative abundance allylrethronyl portion chrysanthemate portion percent l- d-trans- 12.4 d- l-trans- 12.4 d- d-trans- 22.8 l- l-trans- 22.8 l- d-cis- 8.0 d- l-cis- 8.0 d- d-cis- 6.8 l- l-cis- 6.8
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 allelrethonyl chrysanthemate
 allethrin
DL-allethrin
 allethrin [BSI:ISO]
 allethrine
 allethrolone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid
3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxo-2-cyclopenten-1-yl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propen-1-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxo-2-cyclopenten-1-yl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxo-2-cyclopenten-1-yl chrysanthemate
3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxocyclopent-2-en-1-yl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-en-1-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxocyclopent-2-en-1-yl-2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-en-1-yl)cyclopropancarboxylat
DL-3-allyl-2-methyl-4-oxocyclopent-2-enyl dl-cis trans chrysanthemate
d,l-2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one-d,l-chrysanthemum monocarboxylate
3-allyl-4-keto-2-methylcyclopentenyl chrysanthemum monocarboxylate
3-allyl-4-keto-2-methylcyclopentenyl chrysanthemummonocarboxylate
 bioallethrin
 bioallethrin [BAN]
 chrysanthemumic acid ester of (±)-allethrolone
 chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid, 3-allyl-3-methyl-4-oxo-2-cyclopenten-1-yl ester
2-cyclopenten-1-one, 2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylpropenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3- (2-methylpropenyl)-, ester with 2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propen-1-yl)-, 2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propen-1-yl)-2-cyclopenten-1-yl ester
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-, 2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-yl ester
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-, 2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopentene-1-yl ester
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylpropenyl)-, ester with 2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
 cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylpropenyl)-, ester with 2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one (VAN) (8CI)
 depallethrin
 depallethrine
 desmodur T80
2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid 2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2- cyclopenten-1-yl ester
2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid 2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-yl ester
2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, ester with 2-allyl-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
 esbioallethrin
 esbiothrin
 esdepallethrine
2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-yl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-yl-2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
2-methyl-4-oxo-3-(prop-2-en-1-yl)cyclopent-2-en-1-yl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-en-1-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
(2-methyl-4-oxo-3-prop-2-enylcyclopent-2-en-1-yl) 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate
 mondur TD
 nacconate IOO
 pallethrine
 pyresyn
 pyrethrin
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Articles:
PubMed: Allethrin induces oxidative stress, apoptosis and calcium release in rat testicular carcinoma cells (LC540).
PubMed: Fumigant activity of eleven essential oil compounds and their selected binary mixtures against Culex pipiens pallens (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Field evaluation of four spatial repellent devices against Arkansas rice-land mosquitoes.
PubMed: Trends in long term exposure to propoxur and pyrethroids in young children in the Philippines.
PubMed: New textiles of biocidal activity by introduce insecticide in cotton-poly (GMA) copolymer containing ╬▓-Cd.
PubMed: Allethrin toxicity on human corneal epithelial cells involves mitochondrial pathway mediated apoptosis.
PubMed: Toxicological effects of prolonged and intense use of mosquito coil emission in rats and its implications on malaria control.
PubMed: Recurrent tonic-clonic seizures and coma due to ingestion of Type I pyrethroids in a 19-month-old patient.
PubMed: Allethrin induced toxicity in the male reproductive tract of rats contributes to disruption in the transcription of genes involved in germ cell production.
PubMed: [Evaluation of effectiveness of several repellents against mosquito bites available at the Polish market].
PubMed: Acute effects of pyrethroids on serotonin release in the striatum of awake rats: an in vivo microdialysis study.
PubMed: Pyrethroids cypermethrin, deltamethrin and fenvalerate have different effects on in vitro maturation of pig oocytes at different stages of growth.
PubMed: Parameters for pyrethroid insecticide QSAR and PBPK/PD models for human risk assessment.
PubMed: Allethrin-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in Swiss albino mice.
PubMed: Differential state-dependent modification of inactivation-deficient Nav1.6 sodium channels by the pyrethroid insecticides S-bioallethrin, tefluthrin and deltamethrin.
PubMed: Effect of continuous inhalation of allethrin-based mosquito coil smoke in the male reproductive tract of rats.
PubMed: Fetal exposure to propoxur and abnormal child neurodevelopment at 2 years of age.
PubMed: Analysis of House Dust and Children's Hair for Pesticides: A Comparison of Markers of Ongoing Pesticide Exposure in Children.
PubMed: Effect of mosquito mats (pyrethroid-based) vapor inhalation on rat brain cytochrome P450s.
PubMed: Protective efficacy of Anopheles minimus CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3 against cytotoxicity of pyrethroid insecticides in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells.
PubMed: Sublethal toxicity of esbiothrin relationship with total antioxidant status and in vivo genotoxicity assessment in fish (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) using the micronucleus test and comet assay.
PubMed: Multimodal pyrethroid resistance in malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae s.s., Anopheles arabiensis, and Anopheles funestus s.s. in western Kenya.
PubMed: Effectiveness of indoor ultra-low volume application of Aqua Reslin® Super during an emergency.
PubMed: Additivity of pyrethroid actions on sodium influx in cerebrocortical neurons in primary culture.
PubMed: [Diurnal rhythm of Viburnum awabuki and Betula luminifera volatiles and electroantennogram response of Batocera horsfieldi].
PubMed: Pesticides in house dust from urban and farmworker households in California: an observational measurement study.
PubMed: Characterization of mosquito CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3: differences in substrate preference and kinetic properties.
PubMed: Efficacy of selected pesticides against synanthropic mites under laboratory assay.
PubMed: Mechanisms of pyrethroid insecticide-induced stimulation of calcium influx in neocortical neurons.
PubMed: Divergent actions of the pyrethroid insecticides S-bioallethrin, tefluthrin, and deltamethrin on rat Na(v)1.6 sodium channels.
PubMed: Field Evaluation of the Bio-Efficacy of Three Pyrethroid Based Coils against Wild Populations of Anthropophilic Mosquitoes in Northern Tanzania.
PubMed: Malignant mammary tumor in female dogs: environmental contaminants.
PubMed: A new fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) bait base carrier for moist conditions.
PubMed: Allethrin differentially modulates voltage-gated calcium channel subtypes in rat PC12 cells.
PubMed: Efficacy of imidacloprid and fipronil gels over synthetic pyrethroid and propoxur aerosols in control of German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blatellidae).
PubMed: Spatial distribution and pyrethroid susceptibility of mosquito larvae collected from catch basins in parks in Nagasaki city, Nagasaki, Japan.
PubMed: Current and historically used pesticides in residential soil from 11 homes in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
PubMed: Comparative in vitro tests on the efficacy and safety of 13 anti-head-lice products.
PubMed: Control of mosquito vectors of tropical infectious diseases: (3) susceptibility of Aedes aegypti to pyrethroid and mosquito coils.
PubMed: Evidence for a separate mechanism of toxicity for the Type I and the Type II pyrethroid insecticides.
PubMed: Comparative functional observational battery study of twelve commercial pyrethroid insecticides in male rats following acute oral exposure.
PubMed: [Ectoparasites. Part 1: lice and fleas].
PubMed: The effects of sustained release metofluthrin on the biting, movement, and mortality of Aedes aegypti in a domestic setting.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of 18 pyrethroids in indoor air by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Use of biocidal products (insect sprays and electro-vaporizer) in indoor areas--exposure scenarios and exposure modeling.
PubMed: Lack of insecticidal effect of mosquito coils containing either metofluthrin or esbiothrin on Anopheles gambiae sensu lato mosquitoes.
PubMed: Nationwide investigation of the pyrethroid susceptibility of mosquito larvae collected from used tires in Vietnam.
PubMed: Sampling free and particle-bound chemicals using solid-phase microextraction and needle trap device simultaneously.
PubMed: Excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle fibers from adult domestic honeybee.
PubMed: Combined analysis of prenatal (maternal hair and blood) and neonatal (infant hair, cord blood and meconium) matrices to detect fetal exposure to environmental pesticides.
PubMed: Enantioseparation of esbiothrin by cyclodextrin-modified microemulsion and micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed: In vitro metabolism of pyrethroid pesticides by rat and human hepatic microsomes and cytochrome p450 isoforms.
PubMed: Chronic exposure to pyrethroid-based allethrin and prallethrin mosquito repellents alters plasma biochemical profile.
PubMed: Pyrethroids as promising marine antifoulants: laboratory and field studies.
PubMed: Control of mosquito vectors of tropical infectious diseases: (1) bioefficacy of mosquito coils containing several pyrethroids and a synergist.
PubMed: Control of mosquito vectors of tropical infectious diseases: (2) pyrethroid susceptibility of Aedes aegypti ( l) collected from different sites in Thailand.
PubMed: Neurotoxic implications of the agonistic action of CS-syndrome pyrethroids on the N-type Ca(v)2.2 calcium channel.
PubMed: Profiling the spatial concentration of allethrin and piperonyl butoxide using passive sorptive sampling and thermal desorption capillary GC-MS.
PubMed: Household vacuum cleaners vs. the high-volume surface sampler for collection of carpet dust samples in epidemiologic studies of children.
PubMed: Neurobehavioral toxicology of pyrethroid insecticides in adult animals: a critical review.
PubMed: The requirement for the inclusion of formulation efficacy trials in pesticide preregistration evaluations.
PubMed: Differential presynaptic actions of pyrethroid insecticides on glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in the hippocampus.
PubMed: A comparison of infant hair, cord blood and meconium analysis to detect fetal exposure to environmental pesticides.
PubMed: Influence of pyrethroids and piperonyl butoxide on histamine release from isolated rat mast cells.
PubMed: Toxicity and efficacy of selected pesticides and new acaricides to stored product mites (Acari: Acaridida).
PubMed: Detection of Exposure to Environmental Pesticides During Pregnancy by the Analysis of Maternal Hair Using GC-MS.
PubMed: Detection of Several Classes of Pesticides and Metabolites in Meconium by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.
PubMed: Identification and quantitation of pyrethroid pesticide residues in vegetables by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry.
PubMed: The photochemical behaviour of five household pyrethroid insecticides and a synergist as studied by photo-solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed: Pesticide/herbicide pollutants in the Kafue River and a preliminary investigation into their biological effect through catalase levels in fish.
PubMed: Differential effects of pyrethroid insecticides on extracellular dopamine in the striatum of freely moving rats.
PubMed: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and sol-gel-based immunoaffinity purification (IAP) of the pyrethroid bioallethrin in food and environmental samples.
PubMed: The effects of combined exposure to the pyrethroids deltamethrin and S-bioallethrin on hippocampal inhibition and skeletal muscle hyperexcitability in rats.
PubMed: Behavioral and neurochemical effects induced by pyrethroid-based mosquito repellent exposure in rat offsprings during prenatal and early postnatal period.
PubMed: Vector control in leishmaniasis.
PubMed: Determination of endocrine disruptors in Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) samples from the Lochinvar National Park of Zambia.
PubMed: Maternal hair--an appropriate matrix for detecting maternal exposure to pesticides during pregnancy.
PubMed: Ultra low volume aerosol application of deltacide (deltamethrin 0.5% w/v, S-bioallethrin 0.71% w/v & piperonyl butoxide 8.9% w/v) against mosquitoes.
PubMed: [Effect of S-bioallethrin on human lymphocyte].
PubMed: Ninety-day toxicity and one-generation reproduction study in rats exposed to allethrin-based liquid mosquito repellent.
PubMed: Allethrin in the air during the use of a heated mosquito repellent mat.
PubMed: Efficacy of thermal fog application of deltacide, a synergized mixture of pyrethroids, against Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue.
PubMed: Biodegradation of allethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, by an acidomonas sp.
PubMed: Efficacy of synthetic pyrethroid and propoxur aerosol in the control of German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blatellidae) in cookhouses.
PubMed: [Scabies triggering Darier's disease].
PubMed: Biomarker of pyrethrum exposure.
PubMed: Relative potencies for acute effects of pyrethroids on motor function in rats.
PubMed: Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the identification of impurities in d-allethrin samples.
PubMed: Poisoning due to pyrethroids.
PubMed: Structure-activity relationships for the action of 11 pyrethroid insecticides on rat Na v 1.8 sodium channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
PubMed: Recombinogenic activity of 10 chemical compounds in male germ cells of Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Neuromechanical effects of pyrethroids, allethrin, cyhalothrin and deltamethrin on the cholinergic processes in rat brain.
PubMed: Influence of pyrethroids and piperonyl butoxide on the Ca(2+)-ATPase activity of rat brain synaptosomes and leukocyte membranes.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of pyrethroid and pyrethrin metabolites in human urine by gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Mosquito coil (Allethrin) poisoining in two brothers.
PubMed: Negative ion chemical ionization-gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of residues of different pyrethroid insecticides in whole blood and serum.
PubMed: Stereoselective determination of allethrin by two-dimensional achiral/chiral liquid chromatography with ultraviolet/circular dichroism detection.
PubMed: GC-FID/MS method for the impurity profiling of synthetic d-allethrin.
PubMed: The modulatory effect of pyrethroids on acetylcholine release in the hippocampus of freely moving rats.
PubMed: Assessing estrogenic activity of pyrethroid insecticides using in vitro combination assays.
PubMed: Multiresidue method using SPME for the determination of various pesticides with different volatility in confined atmospheres.
PubMed: Electron ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometric determination of residues of thirteen pyrethroid insecticides in whole blood.
PubMed: Mosquito repellent (pyrethroid-based) induced dysfunction of blood-brain barrier permeability in developing brain.
PubMed: Differential effects of pyrethroids on volume-sensitive anion and organic osmolyte pathways.
PubMed: Controlling scabies in institutional settings: a review of medications, treatment models, and implementation.
PubMed: Determination of pyrethrin and pyrethroid pesticides in urine and water matrixes by liquid chromatography with diode array detection.
PubMed: Field evaluation of an area repellent system (Thermacell) against Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Ochlerotatus caspius (Diptera: Culicidae) in Sanliurfa Province, Turkey.
PubMed: Metofluthrin: a potent new synthetic pyrethroid with high vapor activity against mosquitoes.
PubMed: Structure-activity and interaction effects of 14 different pyrethroids on voltage-gated chloride ion channels.
PubMed: Mammalian voltage-gated calcium channels are potently blocked by the pyrethroid insecticide allethrin.
PubMed: Octachlorodipropyl ether (s-2) mosquito coils are inadequately studied for residential use in Asia and illegal in the United States.
PubMed: Pyrethroid stimulation of ion transport across frog skin.
PubMed: Pyrethroid insecticides influence the signal transduction in T helper lymphocytes from atopic and nonatopic subjects.
PubMed: [Determination of optical purity of SR-bioallethrin enantiomers by chiral high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed: Critical analysis of potential body temperature confounders on neurochemical endpoints caused by direct dosing and maternal separation in neonatal mice: a study of bioallethrin and deltamethrin interactions with temperature on brain muscarinic receptors.
PubMed: Effects of pyrethroid insecticides and estrogen on WNT10B proto-oncogene expression.
PubMed: Lack of changes in brain muscarinic receptor and motor activity of mice after neonatal inhalation exposure to d-allethrin.
PubMed: QSAR studies of the pyrethroid insecticides. Part 3. A putative pharmacophore derived using methodology based on molecular dynamics and hierarchical cluster analysis.
PubMed: Personal protection against mosquitoes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, by using a kerosene oil lamp to vaporize transfluthrin.
PubMed: Impact of long-term exposure to mosquito coils: residual deposition and dissipation of D-trans-allethrin in a room.
PubMed: Enhanced efficiency of electrostatically charged insecticide aerosols.
PubMed: Monitoring of allethrin, deltamethrin, esbiothrin, prallethrin and transfluthrin in air during the use of household mosquito repellents.
PubMed: Indoor thermal fogging application of pesguard FG 161, a mixture of d-tetramethrin and cyphenothrin, using portable sprayer against vector mosquitoes in the tropical environment.
PubMed: [Treatment of endemic scabies with allethrin, permethrin and ivermectin. Evaluation of a treatment strategy].
PubMed: Evaluation of in vitro methods for detecting the effects of various chemicals on the human progesterone receptor, with a focus on pyrethroid insecticides.
PubMed: Point mutations in domain III of a Drosophila neuronal Na channel confer resistance to allethrin.
PubMed: Lack of significant estrogenic or antiestrogenic activity of pyrethroid insecticides in three in vitro assays based on classic estrogen receptor alpha-mediated mechanisms.
PubMed: Management of endemic outbreaks of scabies with allethrin, permethrin, and ivermectin.
PubMed: Field evaluation of deltamethrin/S-bioallethrin/piperonyl butoxide and cyfluthrin against dengue vectors in Malaysia.
PubMed: Development of an assay for the screening of compounds against larvae of the cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).
PubMed: Carbon-based quantitation of pyrethrins by supercritical-fluid chromatography.
PubMed: Neonatal exposure to neurotoxic pesticides increases adult susceptibility: a review of current findings.
PubMed: Pyrethroid syndrome in an animal keeper.
PubMed: Time course and temperature dependence of allethrin modulation of sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion cells.
PubMed: Toxicological significance in the cleavage of esterase-beta-glucuronidase complex in liver microsomes by organophosphorus compounds.
PubMed: Metabolism of (S)-bioallethrin and related compounds in humans.
PubMed: Pyrethroids and piperonyl-butoxide affect human T-lymphocytes in vitro.
PubMed: Pyrethroids and the synergist piperonyl-butoxide (PBO) affect T-cells and basophils.
PubMed: Prevalence and treatment of Pediculus capitis infestation among aboriginal school children in northern Taiwan.
PubMed: Differential expression of muscarinic subtype mRNAs after exposure to neurotoxic pesticides.
PubMed: Changes in behavior and muscarinic receptor density after neonatal and adult exposure to bioallethrin.
PubMed: Rapid preconcentration method for the determination of pyrethroid insecticides in vegetable oils and butter fat and simultaneous determination by gas chromatography-electron capture detection and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Estrogenic potential of certain pyrethroid compounds in the MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cell line.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of six insecticides in two crosses of the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: Effect of pyrethroid-based liquid mosquito repellent inhalation on the blood-brain barrier function and oxidative damage in selected organs of developing rats.
PubMed: In vitro effects of the pyrethroid S-bioallethrin on lymphocytes and basophils from atopic and nonatopic subjects.
PubMed: Estrogenic and antiprogestagenic activities of pyrethroid insecticides.
PubMed: Pyrethroid insecticides as phosphatase inhibitors.
PubMed: Comparative investigation on the mutagenicities of organophosphate, phthalimide, pyrethroid and carbamate insecticides by the Ames and lactam tests.
PubMed: Effects of pyrethroid molecules on rat nerves in vitro: potential to reverse temperature-sensitive conduction block of demyelinated peripheral axons.
PubMed: Performance of ULV formulations (Pesguard 102/Vectobac 12AS) against three mosquito species.
PubMed: Aliphatic aldehydes and allethrin in mosquito-coil smoke.
PubMed: Biological activity of permethrin, phenothrin/allerthrin and D-phenothrin on Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica cockroaches.
PubMed: Selective extraction of pyrethroid pesticide residues from milk by solid-matrix dispersion.
PubMed: Clean-up of aqueous acetone vegetable extracts by solid-matrix partition for pyrethroid residue determination by gas chromatography-electron-capture detection.
PubMed: [Analysis of the stereoisomers of 14 pyrethroids by capillary gas chromatography].
PubMed: Susceptibility of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) to four pyrethroids.
PubMed: [Rapid determination of allethrin, permethrin and piperonyl butoxide in insecticidal aerosol for household by gas chromatography].
PubMed: Bioefficacy of mosquito mat, coil and dispenser formulations containing allethrin group of synthetic pyrethroids against mosquito vectors.
PubMed: Effect of the pyrethroid insecticide allethrin on membrane fluidity.
PubMed: Bioallethrin causes permanent changes in behavioural and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor variables in adult mice exposed neonatally to DDT.
PubMed: Efficacy of the acaricide: acardust for the prevention of asthma and rhinitis due to dust mite allergy, in children.
PubMed: [Effectiveness of coils and mats for protection against malaria vectors in Cameroon].
PubMed: Pharmacological induction of rhythmical activity and plateau action potentials in unmyelinated axons.
PubMed: Effect of pyrethroid (allethrin and fenvalerate) on excitability changes following nerve impulse.
PubMed: Inhibition of phosphatase 2B prevents expression of hippocampal long-term potentiation.
PubMed: Effects of three synergists on pyrethroid resistance in the German cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed: Interactions of the pyrethroid insecticide allethrin with liposomes.
PubMed: Field trial of esbiothrin-impregnated rope in Ramgarh village, Dadri PHC, District Ghaziabad (U.P.).
PubMed: Neonatal exposure to a type-I pyrethroid (bioallethrin) induces dose-response changes in brain muscarinic receptors and behaviour in neonatal and adult mice.
PubMed: Packed-column gas chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of 10 pyrethroid insecticide residues in fruits, vegetables, and grains.
PubMed: Rapid method for the determination of multiple pyrethroid residues in fruits and vegetables by capillary column gas chromatography.
PubMed: Recent advances in the study of mechanism of action of marine neurotoxins.
PubMed: Differential sensitivity of tetrodotoxin-sensitive and tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels to the insecticide allethrin in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons.
PubMed: Effectiveness of neem oil mats in repelling mosquitoes.
PubMed: Vapour toxicity of aerosol formulation, allethrin on Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), Say & Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) N.
PubMed: Use of kerosene lamp containing synthetic pyrethroids to repel mosquitoes.
PubMed: Vapour toxicity & repellence of some essential oils & terpenoids to adults of Aedes aegypti (L) (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Effects of allethrin on the thermotropic properties of phospholipid vesicles.
PubMed: Neonatal exposure to DDT induces increased susceptibility to pyrethroid (bioallethrin) exposure at adult age.--Changes in cholinergic muscarinic receptor and behavioural variables.
PubMed: Interaction of pumiliotoxin B with an "alkaloid-binding domain" on the voltage-dependent sodium channel.
PubMed: Esbiothrin-impregnated ropes as mosquito repellent.
PubMed: Sodium and GABA-activated channels as the targets of pyrethroids and cyclodienes.
PubMed: Evaluation of EMD vaporizers and bioallethrin vaporizing mats against mosquito vectors.
PubMed: Morphological changes in the respiratory system of mice after inhalation of mosquito-coil smoke.
PubMed: Evaluation of efficacy of four pediculicides against head louse (Pediculus capitis) infestation.
PubMed: Comparison of the synthetic pyrethroids Esbiothrin and Bioresmethrin with Scourge and Cythion against adult mosquitoes in a laboratory wind tunnel.
PubMed: [Head louse infestation among girls in an orphanage and women in a mental hospital and mass-delousing with bioallethrin (PARA aerosol)].
PubMed: Efficacy of Esbiothrin mosquito coils at community level in northern Tanzania.
PubMed: Extended selections for pyrethroid resistance in the German cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed: Field evaluation of ultra-low volume applications with a mixture of d-allethrin and d-phenothrin for control of Anopheles albimanus in Haiti.
PubMed: Cycling of indoor air concentrations of d-trans-allethrin following repeated pesticide applications.
PubMed: Neurotoxic effects of two different pyrethroids, bioallethrin and deltamethrin, on immature and adult mice: changes in behavioral and muscarinic receptor variables.
PubMed: A field trial on the comparative effectiveness of malathion and Resigen by ULV application on Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Transmitter-activated ion channels as the target of chemical agents.
PubMed: DDT and pyrethroids--ecotoxicological considerations.
PubMed: Field efficacy of mosquito coil formulations containing d-allethrin and d-transallethrin against indoor mosquitos especially Culex quinquefasciatus Say.
PubMed: [The appearance of insecticide resistance in Blattella germanica in the German Democratic Republic].
PubMed: [The mutagenicity of some insecticides in the Salmonella/microsome test system].
PubMed: The binding properties of pyrethroids to human skin fibroblast androgen receptors and to sex hormone binding globulin.
PubMed: Effects of two pyrethroids, bioallethrin and deltamethrin, on subpopulations of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors in the neonatal mouse brain.
PubMed: Pyrethroids: involvement of sodium channels in effects on inositol phosphate formation in guinea pig synaptoneurosomes.
PubMed: [Study on inhibiting effect of 14 insecticides on esterase of Culex tritaeniorhynchus from five geographic populations].
PubMed: Type I and type II pyrethroids increase inhibition in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of the rat.
PubMed: Monitoring for insecticide resistance in field-collected strains of the German cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed: Effects of tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate, pyrethroids and DDT in the V79.
PubMed: Control of Anopheles mosquitoes by ultra-low volume applications of d-allethrin and d-phenothrin in combination with larvicidings of fenitrothion in Tanzania.
PubMed: Mutagenic activity in synthetic pyrethroids in Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed: Ultrastructural changes of tracheal epithelium and alveolar macrophages of rats exposed to mosquito coil smoke.
PubMed: Interactions of pyrethroids with gramicidin-containing liposomal membranes.
PubMed: Pyrethroids and the striatal dopaminergic system in vivo.
PubMed: Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats. I. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smoke.
PubMed: The effectiveness of mosquito coils containing esbiothrin under laboratory and field conditions.
PubMed: Effects of pyrethroid insecticides on operant responding maintained by food.
PubMed: Evaluation of the genetic activity profiles of 65 pesticides.
PubMed: Toxicity of pyrethroids to Aedes aegypti larvae in relation to temperature.
PubMed: Effect of three pyrethroids on blood feeding and fecundity of Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Effect of alterations in lipid packing order by hydrophobic solutes on the association state of protein assemblies in model membranes.
PubMed: Effects of insecticides on GABA-induced chloride influx into rat brain microsacs.
PubMed: Toxins that modulate the sodium channel gating mechanism.
PubMed: Voltage-dependent gating of veratridine-modified Na channels.
PubMed: Interactions of pyrethroids with phosphatidylcholine bilayers: comparisons in liposomal systems exhibiting large or small radii of curvature.
PubMed: Correlations between in vitro and in vivo mechanisms of pyrethroid insecticide action.
PubMed: Interactions of pyrethroids with phosphatidylcholine liposomal membranes.
PubMed: Comparative effects of pyrethroids on neurons of target and non-target organisms.
PubMed: [Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides and development of resistance to them].
PubMed: Effects of pyrethroids on lymphocyte mitogenic responsiveness.
PubMed: DDT myoclonus: sites and mechanism of action.
PubMed: Involvement of adrenergic and serotonergic nervous mechanisms in allethrin-induced tremors in mice.
PubMed: Effects of pyrethroids on lymphocyte membrane lipid packing order.
PubMed: Efficacy of malathion and synergised bioallethrine in the treatment of head louse, Pediculus humanus ssp. capitis, infestations.
PubMed: Involvement of cholinergic mechanism in the action of allethrin in insect CNS.
PubMed: Analysis of established pyrethroid insecticides.
PubMed: Pyrethroid toxicology: protective effects of diazepam and phenobarbital in the mouse and the cockroach.
PubMed: Cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of insecticides: neurophysiological approach.
PubMed: Allethrin interactions with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channel.
PubMed: Dose-dependent interaction of the pyrethroid isomers with sodium channels of squid axon membranes.
PubMed: Similar mode of action of pyrethroids and DDT on sodium channel gating in myelinated nerves.
PubMed: Modification of nerve membrane sodium channels by the insecticide pyrethroids.
PubMed: Modulation of nerve membrane sodium channels by chemicals.
PubMed: An introduction to the metabolism of pyrethroids.
PubMed: Stereoselectivity of a radioimmunoassay for the insecticide S-bioallethrin.
PubMed: Chromosomal aberration tests on 29 chemicals combined with S9 mix in vitro.
PubMed: Development of an S-bioallethrin specific antibody.
PubMed: Further studies of periodic miniature response in squid giant axons.
PubMed: Presynaptic action of the pyrethroid insecticide allethrin in the frog motor end plate.
PubMed: Degradation, metabolism and toxicity of synthetic pyrethroids.
PubMed: Radiosynthesis and metabolism in rats of the 1R isomers of the insecticide permethrin.
PubMed: Toxicity of natural pyrethrins and five pyrethroids to fish.
PubMed: Mechanism of inhibition of rat brain (Na + K)-adenosine triphosphatase by 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (DDT).
PubMed: The susceptibility to selected insecticides and acetylcholinesterase activity in a laboratory colony of midge larvae, Chironomus tentans (diptera: chironomidae).
PubMed: Quantitative determination of the enantiomeric purity of synthetic pyrethroids. II. S-Bioallethrin.
PubMed: Photodecomposition of resmethrin and related pyrethroids.
PubMed: Action of some insecticides on membranes of mouse liver mitochondria.
PubMed: Carbamate resistance in Anopheles albimanus. Cross resistance spectrum and stability of resistance.
PubMed: Influence of some insecticides on the ATPase of mouse liver mitochondria.
PubMed: DDT-like action of allethrin in the sensory nervous system of Xenopus laevis.
PubMed: Effects of allethrin and Condylactis toxin on the kinetics of sodium conductance of crayfish axon membranes.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 7. Effectiveness against pest insects of agriculture.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 6. Insects of medical importance.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 5. Effectiveness against insects of public health importance.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 4. Potential for controlling stored-product insects.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 3. Effectiveness against free flying Caribbean fruit flies.
PubMed: Gas-propelled aerosols and micronized dusts for control of insects in aircraft. 2. Pesticide formulations.
PubMed: Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of d-trans-allethrin.
PubMed: Mechanism of negative temperature coefficient of nerve blocking action of allethrin.
PubMed: Metabolic fate of pyrethrin I, Pyrethrin II, and allethrin administered orally to rats.
PubMed: The metabolic fate of pyrethrin I, pyrethrin II, and allethrin.
PubMed: Mode of action of pyrethroids.
PubMed: Development of new synthetic pyrethroids.
PubMed: Mode of action of DDT and allethrin on nerve: cellular and molecular mechanisms.
PubMed: Pyrethroid-like biological activity of compounds lacking cyclopropane and ester groupings.
PubMed: Mechanism of excitation block by the insecticide allethrin applied externally and internally to squid giant axons.
PubMed: [Pyrethrins and related compounds. Insecticidal properties of allethrin].
PubMed: Effect of allethrin on feeding behavior of insects.
PubMed: [Determination of allethrin oil by gas chromatography].
PubMed: Nature of the negative after-potential increased by the insecticide allethrin in cockroach giant axons.
PubMed: Effect of the insecticide allethrin on membrane potentials of cockroach giant axons.
PubMed: Cross-resistance in insecticide-resistant strains of the German cockroach. Blattella germanica (L.
PubMed: Absorption and metabolism of [14C] allethrin by the adult housefly, Musca domestica L.
PubMed: A new reaction and color test for allethrin and pyrethrins.
PubMed: Comparative acute and subacute toxicities of allethrin and pyrethrins.
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