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ammonium propionate
propanoic acid, ammonium salt (2:1)

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CAS Number: 17496-08-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:241-503-7
Molecular Weight:91.11013000
Formula:C3 H9 N O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 141.70 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure:4.230000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 136.00 °F. TCC ( 57.70 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 0.246 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: preservatives
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Ammonium propionate 98%
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
Recommendation for ammonium propionate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for ammonium propionate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of propionic acid, sodium propionate, calcium propionate and ammonium propionate for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):17496-08-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :87139
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
azane;propanoic acid
 azane;propanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):87139
Pubchem (sid):135042835
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 azane;propanoic acid
 propanoic acid, ammonium salt
 propanoic acid, ammonium salt (2:1)


PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by N,N-didecyl-N-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium propionate in a dental assistant.
PubMed:Occupational immediate-type contact allergy to didecyl methyl polyoxyethyl ammonium propionate.
PubMed:Microfluidic aqueous two-phase extraction of bisphenol A using ionic liquid for high-performance liquid chromatography analysis.
PubMed:Effects of intraruminal infusion of sodium, potassium, and ammonium on hypophagia from propionate in lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Hypophagic effects of ammonium are greater when infused with propionate compared with acetate in lactating dairy cows.
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of chemical control of aflatoxin production in unshelled peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.).
PubMed:Amounts and sources of protein for dairy calves.
None found
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