EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

potassium ferrocyanide
ferrate(4-), hexacyano-, tetrapotassium

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 13943-58-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:237-722-2
FDA UNII:GTP1P30292
Molecular Weight:368.34620000
Formula:C6 Fe K4 N6 +4
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:anticaking agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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JECFA Food Additive: Ferrocyanides of Calcium, Potassium and Sodium
GSFA Codex: Potassium ferrocyanide (536)
DG SANTE Food Additives:potassium ferrocyanide
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water
Insoluble in:
 alcohol
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Allan Chemical
Potassium Ferrocyanide
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Tetrapotassium hexacyanoferrate 95%
Charkit Chemical
POTASSIUM FERROCYANIDE ACS
Charkit Chemical
POTASSIUM FERROCYANIDE
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 6400 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(4), Pg. 23, 1986.

oral-mouse LD50 5000 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(4), Pg. 23, 1986.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: anticaking agents
Recommendation for potassium ferrocyanide usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for potassium ferrocyanide flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Re-evaluation of sodium ferrocyanide (E 535), potassium ferrocyanide (E 536) and calcium ferrocyanide (E 538) as food additives
View page or View pdf

Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):13943-58-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :11963580
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
tetrapotassium iron(6+) hexacyanide
Chemidplus:0013943583
 
References:
 tetrapotassium iron(6+) hexacyanide
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:13943-58-3
Pubchem (cid):11963580
Pubchem (sid):134990568
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FooDB:FDB014739
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Haz-Map:View
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 ferrate(4-), hexacyano-, tetrapotassium
 ferrate(4-), hexakis(cyano-C)-, tetrapotassium
 potassium ferrocyanate
 tetrapotassium ferrocyanide
 tetrapotassium hexacyanoferrate
 tetrapotassium iron(6+) hexacyanide
 

Articles:

PubMed:Returning land contaminated as a result of radiation accidents to farming use.
PubMed:Sortase-mediated ligation of PsaE-modified photosystem I from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 to a conductive surface for enhanced photocurrent production on a gold electrode.
PubMed:Understanding the effects of potassium ferricyanide on lead hydride formation in tetrahydroborate system and its application for determination of lead in milk using hydride generation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry.
PubMed:Real-time mapping of salt glands on the leaf surface of Cynodon dactylon L. using scanning electrochemical microscopy.
PubMed:Development of bioconjugate from Streptomyces tyrosinase and gold nanoparticles for rapid detection of phenol constituents.
PubMed:Measurement of total iron in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells.
PubMed:En bloc staining with hydroquinone treatment for block face imaging.
PubMed:Ultrasounds in melted poly(ethylene glycol) promote copper-catalyzed cyanation of aryl halides with K(4)[Fe(CN)(6)].
PubMed:Treatment of cyanide containing wastewater using cavitation based approach.
PubMed:The fabrication, characterisation and electrochemical investigation of screen-printed graphene electrodes.
PubMed:Chemical bonding in aqueous ferrocyanide: experimental and theoretical X-ray spectroscopic study.
PubMed:A carbon nanotube screen-printed electrode for label-free detection of the human cardiac troponin T.
PubMed:2,4-dinitrophenol partially alleviates ferrocyanide-induced toxicity in Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed:Exploring the electrochemical performance of graphitic paste electrodes: graphene vs. graphite.
PubMed:Characterization of ultrananocrystalline diamond microsensors for in vivo dopamine detection.
PubMed:Initiation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in roots of etiolated seedlings of pea (Pisum sativum L.) under the influence of nitrogen-containing compounds.
PubMed:An amperometric biosensor for glucose detection from glucose oxidase immobilized in polyaniline-polyvinylsulfonate-potassium ferricyanide film.
PubMed:Development of a scanning electrochemical microscopy-based micropipette and its application to analysis of topographic change of single-cell.
PubMed:Visible spectrophotometric method for amiodarone.
PubMed:Maximizing flow velocities in redox-magnetohydrodynamic microfluidics using the transient faradaic current.
PubMed:[Determination of kojic acid in foods using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Electrochemistry of Q-graphene.
PubMed:Hematocrit compensation in electrochemical blood glucose monitoring systems.
PubMed:A highly efficient one-pot reaction of 2-(gem-dibromovinyl)phenols(thiophenols) with K4Fe(CN)6 to 2-cyanobenzofurans(thiophenes).
PubMed:Development of a novel label-free amperometric immunosensor for the detection of okadaic acid.
PubMed:Development of an immunopredictor for the evaluation of the risk of cardiovascular diseases based on the level of soluble P-selectin.
PubMed:Sodium nitroprusside may modulate Escherichia coli antioxidant enzyme expression by interacting with the ferric uptake regulator.
PubMed:Factor affecting the endogenous β-glucuronidase activity in rapeseed haploid cells: how to avoid interference with the Gus transgene in transformation studies.
PubMed:A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor induces bicarbonate-reversible suppression of electron transfer in pea photosystem 2 membrane fragments.
PubMed:A mild oxidative aryl radical addition into alkenes by aerobic oxidation of arylhydrazines.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of pantothenic acid and D-panthenol in cosmetics by high performance liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Study of aldehyde oxidase-catalyzed metabolic pathway of phenanthridine using MCR-ALS method.
PubMed:Concise synthesis of Cannabisin G.
PubMed:Peroxidase activity of cytochrome bd from Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Lethal acute poisoning with potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:An uncommon case of a suicide with inhalation of hydrogen cyanide.
PubMed:Use of potassium ferrocyanide as habit modifier in the size reduction and phase modification of ammonium nitrate crystals in slurries.
PubMed:Signal amplification in a microchannel from redox cycling with varied electroactive configurations of an individually addressable microband electrode array.
PubMed:Development of glucose sensor using two-photon adsorbed photopolymerization.
PubMed:Gold-nanostructured immunosensor for the electrochemical sensing of biotin based on liposomal competitive assay.
PubMed:Polymorphism of potassium ferrocyanide trihydrate as studied by solid-state multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction.
PubMed:IR spectroelectrochemical cyclic voltabsorptometry and derivative cyclic voltabsorptometry.
PubMed:An on-line flow-injection microwave-assisted mineralization and a precipitation/dissolution system for the determination of molybdenum in blood serum and whole blood by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.
PubMed:Amperometric detection with microelectrodes in flow injection analysis: theoretical aspects and application in the determination of nitrite in saliva.
PubMed:Determination of critical micelle concentration with the rotating sample system.
PubMed:[Liposome immunosensor for picloram in water based on electrochemical polymerization].
PubMed:Growth kinetics of Chlorella vulgaris and its use as a cathodic half cell.
PubMed:Assimilation and physiological effects of ferrocyanide on weeping willows.
PubMed:Electrochemical characterization of pore formation by bacterial protein toxins on hybrid supported membranes.
PubMed:A structure-permeability relationship of ultrathin nanoporous silicon membrane: a comparison with the nuclear envelope.
PubMed:Effects of available nitrogen on the uptake and assimilation of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide complexes in weeping willows.
PubMed:Availability of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide complexes as a nitrogen source to cyanogenic plants.
PubMed:Assessment of tissue scaffold degradation using electrochemical techniques.
PubMed:Use of high-purity metal-catalyst-free multiwalled carbon nanotubes to avoid potential experimental misinterpretations.
PubMed:Steady-state FTIR spectra of the photoreduction of QA and QB in Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers provide evidence against the presence of a proposed transient electron acceptor X between the two quinones.
PubMed:Study of carbon nanotube modified biosensors for monitoring uric acid and total cholesterol in blood.
PubMed:Kinetic mechanism of the bifunctional enzyme prostaglandin-H-synthase. Effect of electron donors on the cyclooxygenase reaction.
PubMed:Droplet behavior on flat and textured surfaces: co-occurrence of Deegan outward flow with Marangoni solute instability.
PubMed:Surfactant charge effects on the location, vibrational spectra, and relaxation dynamics of cyanoferrates in reverse micelles.
PubMed:The potential for phytoremediation of iron cyanide complex by willows.
PubMed:Magnetic nanoparticles applied in electrochemical detection of controllable DNA hybridization.
PubMed:Electrochemical immunosensor for cholera toxin using liposomes and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-coated carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Nitric oxide reduces seed dormancy in Arabidopsis.
PubMed:Nitric oxide accelerates seed germination in warm-season grasses.
PubMed:Sensitive determination of synephrine by flow-injection chemiluminescence.
PubMed:An artificial electron donor supported catalytic cycle of Pseudomonas putida cytochrome P450cam.
PubMed:Influence of nonspecific reaction on determination of H2O2 using Trinder reagents.
PubMed:TX-100/water/1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate microemulsions.
PubMed:Development of an oral biosensor for salivary amylase using a monodispersed silver for signal amplification.
PubMed:Study of carbon nanotube modified biosensor for monitoring total cholesterol in blood.
PubMed:[Determination of phosphine liberated in the storage of amorphous red phosphorus by headspace gas chromatography].
PubMed:Electrochemical measurement of the interaction of Crotalus adamanteus venom with DMPC vesicles.
PubMed:Vibrational and rotational dynamics of cyanoferrates in solution.
PubMed:Citric acid production by selected mutants of Aspergillus niger from cane molasses.
PubMed:Coeruleotrigeminal inhibition of nociceptive processing in the rat trigeminal subnucleus caudalis.
PubMed:[Comparative study of the extracellular laccases from Cerrena unicolor 059 0784 and Pleurotus oastreatus 0432].
PubMed:Piecemeal degranulation (PMD) morphology in feline circulating eosinophils.
PubMed:Supramolecular interactions of humic acids with organic and inorganic xenobiotics studied by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of captopril based on its enhancing effect on the luminol-ferricyanide/ferrocyanide reaction.
PubMed:Electrochemical studies of blocking properties of solid supported tethered lipid membranes on gold.
PubMed:Some aspects of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization analysis of hemoglobin from whole human blood.
PubMed:Effect of impurities on the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectra of insulin.
PubMed:Role of extracellular peroxidase in the superoxide production by wheat root cells.
PubMed:Photoproduction of hydrated electron from constituents of natural waters.
PubMed:Chemiluminescence flow sensor for berberine with immobilized reagents.
PubMed:Graphite-teflon composite bienzyme electrodes for the determination of cholesterol in reversed micelles. Application to food samples.
PubMed:Enhanced visualization of weak colloidal iron signals with Bodian's protein silver for demonstration of perineuronal nets of proteoglycans in the central nervous system.
PubMed:Passive absorption of hydrophilic carbohydrate probes by the house sparrow Passer domesticus.
PubMed:Catalase-peroxidase (Mycobacterium tuberculosis KatG) catalysis and isoniazid activation.
PubMed:Redox potential is a determinant in the Escherichia coli anaerobic fermentative growth and survival: effects of impermeable oxidant.
PubMed:Nitric oxide induces the synthesis of vascular endothelial growth factor by rat vascular smooth muscle cells.
PubMed:Voltammetric study of charge transfer across supported bilayer lipid membranes (s-BLMs).
PubMed:Ferrocyanide ingestion may cause false positives in cyanide determination.
PubMed:[Determination of chlorine levels in Presept, a modern disinfectant].
PubMed:Peroxide-supported in-vitro cytochrome P450 activities in Haemonchus contortus.
PubMed:Distribution of canalicular reticulum in Deiters cells and pillar cells of gerbil cochlea.
PubMed:Site-directed mutagenesis of a possible type 1 copper ligand of bilirubin oxidase; a Met467Gln mutant shows stellacyanin-like properties.
PubMed:Heme-solvent coupling: a Mössbauer study of myoglobin in sucrose.
PubMed:Sperm motility enhancement by nitric oxide produced by the oocytes of fathead minnows, Pimephelas promelas.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a regiospecific lipase from Aspergillus terreus.
PubMed:[Cytophotometric determination of the level of nonheme iron in hepatocytes. III. Conditions for the Perls reaction in isolated liver cells].
PubMed:Nitric oxide-independent inhibition by sodium nitroprusside of the native N-methyl-D-aspartate recognition domain in a manner different from that by potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Sensitive enzymatic assay for erythrocyte creatine with production of methylene blue.
PubMed:Steady-state kinetics of peroxidation of 2-chloro-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-phenothiazine catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase
PubMed:Role of endoplasmic reticulum-derived vesicles in the formation of Golgi elements in sec23 and sec18 Saccharomyces Cerevisiae mutants.
PubMed:Amyloid beta-peptide-induced inhibition of MTT reduction in PC12h and C1300 neuroblastoma cells: effect of nitroprusside.
PubMed:Development of an optimal protocol for the ultrastructural examination of skin by transmission electron microscopy.
PubMed:Studies on the aerobic photooxidation of cysteine using riboflavin as a sensitizer: evidence for the photogeneration of a superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed:Inhibition of [3H]MK-801 binding by ferrous (II) but not ferric (III) ions in a manner different from that by sodium nitroprusside (II) in rat brain synaptic membranes.
PubMed:Ultrastructural changes in the Golgi apparatus and secretory granules of HL-60 cells treated with the imino sugar N-butyldeoxynojirimycin.
PubMed:Ontogenetic development of diffusional restriction to protein at the pial surface of the rat brain: an electron microscopical study.
PubMed:[Use of catalytic properties of iron-containing salts in immunoanalysis].
PubMed:Effects of exogenous and endogenous nitric oxide on the contractile function of cultured chick embryo ventricular myocytes.
PubMed:Effects of redox potential and hydroxide inhibition on the pH activity profile of fungal laccases.
PubMed:Rapid attenuation of AP-1 transcriptional factors associated with nitric oxide (NO)-mediated neuronal cell death.
PubMed:Erythrophagocytosis in the caprine trophoblast.
PubMed:Stability studies on pig heart mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase: the effect of salts and amino acids.
PubMed:The influence of the anticaking agent potassium ferrocyanide and salt on the oxidative stability of frozen minced pork meat.
PubMed:Isolation and properties of PS II membrane fragments depleted of the non heme iron center.
PubMed:Inhibition of excitatory amino acid-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis as a possible mechanism of nitroprusside neurotoxicity.
PubMed:The history of iron in the brain.
PubMed:Three-dimensional structure of tubular networks, presumably Golgi in nature, in various yeast strains: a comparative study.
PubMed:Osmium tetroxide-potassium ferrocyanide intensification of a diaminobenzidine product obtained by photoconversion of a fluorescent label: a study of human neutrophil granules.
PubMed:The iron component of sodium nitroprusside blocks NMDA-induced glutamate accumulation and intracellular Ca2+ elevation.
PubMed:One-electron reduction of arenediazonium compounds by physiological electron donors generates aryl radicals. An EPR and spin trapping investigation.
PubMed:Fine structure of the fibrous layer of the mandibular condylar cartilage of the Chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) using postfixation in osmium-potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Inhibition of adenylyl cyclase in rat striatal homogenates by combinations of dopamine and ferric iron compounds.
PubMed:Dual effect of sodium nitroprusside on potentials recorded from mouse hippocampal slices.
PubMed:Improved method for post-embedding cytochemistry using reduced osmium and LR white resin.
PubMed:Ultrastructural modifications of vesicular and Golgi elements in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae sec21 mutant at permissive and non-permissive temperatures.
PubMed:Forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine increase basal and sodium nitroprusside-elevated cyclic GMP levels in adult guinea-pig cerebellar slices.
PubMed:Morphological changes during survival, cellular transformation, and calcification of the embryonic mouse: Meckel's cartilage transplanted into heterotopic sites.
PubMed:Polychromatic staining of epoxy semithin sections: a new and simple method.
PubMed:Automated enzymatic methods for creatinine measurement with special attention to bilirubin interference.
PubMed:A diffusion immunogold procedure for accurate ultrastructural investigation of renal cell membrane epitopes.
PubMed:Sugarcane-pressmud as a novel substrate for production of citric acid by solid-state fermentation.
PubMed:Transport of casein submicelles and formation of secretion granules in the Golgi apparatus of epithelial cells of the lactating mammary gland of the rat.
PubMed:Modulation of guanine triphosphate nucleotide binding to p21ras immunoprecipitates of rat liver plasma membranes by agents affecting redox state.
PubMed:Nodes of Ranvier and myelin sheath dimensions along exceptionally thin myelinated vertebrate PNS axons.
PubMed:The use of osmicated tissues for Lowicryl K4M embedding.
PubMed:Improved intracellular morphology of Pneumocystis carinii from rat lung by postfixation with a mixture of potassium ferrocyanide and osmium tetroxide.
PubMed:Thickening of the glycocalyx during methotrexate induced small intestinal mucosal atrophy in the rat.
PubMed:Alterations in the morphology of glycoconjugate molecules caused by histochemical procedures: comparison of renal glomeruli and articular cartilage.
PubMed:Improving accuracy of glucose oxidase procedure for glucose determinations on discrete analyzers.
PubMed:Morphological characteristics of the life cycle of resting cartilage cells in mouse rib investigated in intrasplenic isografts.
PubMed:A double surface membrane in plerocercoids of Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea).
PubMed:Collagen-associated sulphated proteoglycans. Ultrastructure after formaldehyde-cetylpyridinium chloride fixation.
PubMed:Inhibition of glutamate-induced cell death by sodium nitroprusside is not mediated by nitric oxide.
PubMed:The role of catalase in protecting erythrocytes against methemoglobin formation.
PubMed:Methemoglobin formation by potassium ferrocyanide in the hemolysate of acatalasemic mice.
PubMed:Preparation and kinetic studies of immobilised yeast cytochrome c peroxidase.
PubMed:Mitosis in normal adult guinea pig Leydig cells.
PubMed:Redox electrode for monitoring oxidase-catalyzed reactions.
PubMed:Inactivation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase during enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
PubMed:[The nature of "hydropic degeneration" of hepatocytes in severe viral hepatitis].
PubMed:Electron microscopic evaluation of the occurrence of matrix vesicles in cartilage.
PubMed:Influence of hexacyanoferrate (II) based treatments upon the elimination of heavy metal traces in wine. II. The case of cadmium.
PubMed:Light-dependent pH gradients are generated in liposomes containing ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Electronmicroscopic demonstration of HPV in oral warts.
PubMed:Influence of hexacyanoferrate(II) based treatments upon the elimination of heavy metal traces in wine. I. The case of lead.
PubMed:[Ultrastructural demonstration of the human papilloma virus (HPV) in oral proliferative lesions].
PubMed:Improved chondrocyte morphology and glycogen retention in the secondary center of ossification following osmium-potassium ferrocyanide fixation.
PubMed:[Silver impregnation of microglial cells and astrocytes in paraffin sections].
PubMed:Nickel nitrate and K-ferrocyanide in fixative for electron microscopy as tracer of extracellular space.
PubMed:A steady-state study on the formation of Compounds II and III of myeloperoxidase.
PubMed:Electron spectroscopic imaging of calcium in the hydrogenosomes of Tritrichomonas foetus.
PubMed:PAP labeling enhancement by osmium tetroxide-potassium ferrocyanide treatment.
PubMed:Interpretation of effects of pH on rate constants for the oxidation of three ferrocytochromes c-551 with [Fe(CN)6]3- and [Co(phen)3]3+, and assignment of pKa values.
PubMed:Differential scanning calorimetry of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase, the apoprotein, and its zinc-substituted derivatives.
PubMed:Influence of cetylpyridinium chloride on the ultrastructural appearance of sulphated glycosaminoglycans in human colonic mucosa.
PubMed:Periodic acid Schiff--p phenylenediamine staining of glycogen in chondrocytes. A new combination which improves both cellular detail and glycogen identification.
PubMed:[Ultracytochemical demonstration of enzymes by reduction of potassium hexacyanoferrate (III). I. A method for demonstration of xanthine oxidase].
PubMed:Reaction of disodium cromoglycate with hydrated electrons.
PubMed:Morphological study of the transverse-axial tubular system (TAxTS) in rat heart using ferrocyanide-osmium method and thick sectioning.
PubMed:Activation of dopamine beta-monooxygenase by external and internal electron donors in resealed chromaffin granule ghosts.
PubMed:Simultaneous electrochemical determination of diffusion and partition coefficients of potassium ferrocyanide for albumin-glutaraldehyde membranes.
PubMed:Distribution of iron in pig placenta (Sus scrofa dom. L.).
PubMed:A silver impregnation method for embedded central nervous tissue of the rat.
PubMed:Comparative study of the effect of ferrocyanide and EDTA on the production of ethyl alcohol from molasses by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Ferric ion-ferrocyanide staining in ganglioside storage disease establishes that meganeurites are of axon hillock origin and distinct from axonal spheroids.
PubMed:Cytochemical identification of cerebral glycogen and glucose-6-phosphatase activity under normal and experimental conditions. II. Choroid plexus and ependymal epithelia, endothelia and pericytes.
PubMed:Proton translocation by cytochrome oxidase in (antimycin + myxothiazol)-treated rat liver mitochondria using ferrocyanide or hexammineruthenium as electron donor.
PubMed:[Primary toxicologic evaluation and the nature of biological effects of potassium ferricyanide and potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:[Hygienic evaluation of potassium ferri- and ferrocyanides as atmospheric pollutants].
PubMed:FerriDye: colloidal iron binding followed by Perls' reaction for the staining of proteins transferred from sodium dodecyl sulfate gels to nitrocellulose and positively charged nylon membranes.
PubMed:Changes in NADH-ubiquinone reductase (complex I) with autolysis in the rat heart as experimental model.
PubMed:Structural analyses of various Cu2+, Zn2+-superoxide dismutases by differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy.
PubMed:Effect of iron on the activity of aconitate hydratase and synthesis of citric acid by Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:A modified silver method for demonstrating developing nervous tissue in culture.
PubMed:Nitroxide-doped liposomes containing entrapped oxidant: an approach to the "reduction problem" of nitroxides as MRI contrast agents.
PubMed:[Studies on implantation traces in rats. I. Size, observation period and staining].
PubMed:Cytochemical staining of the endoplasmic reticulum and glycogen in mouse anterior pituitary cells.
PubMed:[Effect of iron on Pasteurella multocida].
PubMed:Tridimensional architecture of the Golgi apparatus in the atrial muscle cell of the rat.
PubMed:Mass transport and reaction kinetic parameters determined electrochemically for immobilized glucose oxidase.
PubMed:Block-staining tissues with potassium ferrocyanide-reduced osmium tetroxide and lead aspartate for electron microscopic radioautography.
PubMed:Immobilized glucose oxidase in the potentiometric detection of glucose.
PubMed:Chemical aspects of glycogen contrast-staining by potassium osmate.
PubMed:[Method of determining the activity of beta-galactosidase with lactose as substrate].
PubMed:Electron staining of the cell surface coat by osmium-low ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Determination of azarole plus its reduction product by HPLC.
PubMed:The use of a water-soluble carbodiimide to cross-link cytochrome c to plastocyanin.
PubMed:Studies on the morphologic alterations of axonal membraneous organelles in neurofilamentous neuropathies.
PubMed:Fine structure and cytochemistry of the hydrogenosome of Tritrichomonas foetus.
PubMed:Numbers of asbestos bodies on iron-stained tissue sections in relation to asbestos body counts in lung tissue digests.
PubMed:Ultrastructural visualization of low-density lipoproteins during receptor binding and cellular endocytosis.
PubMed:Ultrastructural features of six types of neurons in rat dorsal root ganglia.
PubMed:Sarcoplasmic reticulum and intermediate filament organization in cultured neonatal cardiac muscle cells. Studies with reduced osmium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Glycogen accumulations in differentiating mesonephric ducts and tubuli in male human embryos.
PubMed:Cytochemical demonstration of phosphatases in the rat liver by a cerium-based method in combination with osmium tetroxide and potassium ferrocyanide postfixation.
PubMed:Morphological heterogeneity of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum in the Leydig cells of the boar testis.
PubMed:Membrane histochemistry of Physarum polycephalum myxamoebae.
PubMed:Membrane distribution in dividing endosperm cells of Haemanthus.
PubMed:Cation binding at the node of Ranvier: II. Redistribution of binding sites during electrical stimulation.
PubMed:Cation binding at the node of Ranvier: I. Localization of binding sites during development.
PubMed:The microsporidian spore invasion tube. II. Role of calcium in the activation of invasion tube discharge.
PubMed:Reduction of membrane-bound dopamine beta-hydroxylase from the cytoplasmic surface of the chromaffin-granule membrane.
PubMed:The use of osmium tetroxide-potassium ferrocyanide as an extracellular tracer in electron microscopy.
PubMed:A silver staining method for protein bands or immunoprecipitates in electrophoresis or immunoelectrophoretic treatment of unconcentrated cerebrospinal fluid proteins using the commercial agarose plates (Corning Universal System).
PubMed:A technique of silver impregnation for nervous tissues in frozen sections of the human central nervous system with potassium ferricyanide.
PubMed:The osmium tetroxide-potassium ferrocyanide (OsFeCN) staining technique for electron microscopy: a critical evaluation using ciliates, algae, mosses, and higher plants.
PubMed:Reaction of C-type cytochromes with the iron hexacyanides. Mechanistic implications.
PubMed:The application of a sensitive uricase-peroxidase couple reaction to a centrifugal fast analyser for the determination of uric acid.
PubMed:Primary fixation in osmium-potassium ferrocyanide: the staining of glycogen, glycoproteins, elastin, an intranuclear reticular structure, and intercisternal trabeculae.
PubMed:[Cooxidation of potassium ferrocyanide and o-dianisidine by hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase. Substrate-substrate activation].
PubMed:A batch staining method for brain slices allowing volume measurements of grey and white matter using an image analyzing computer (Quantimet 720).
PubMed:Three dimensional arrangement of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum in the heart muscle fiber of the rat.
PubMed:Immunocytochemical detection of peptides in osmicated and plastic-embedded tissue. An electron microscopic study.
PubMed:Marking the tip location of PO2 microelectrodes or glass micropipettes.
PubMed:Association between intermediate-sized filaments and mitochondria in rat Leydig cells.
PubMed:Double simultaneous staining of B and argyrophil cells of the pancreatic islets: a sequential thiosulphation-aldehyde fuchsin and Grimelius silver procedure.
PubMed:Silver impregnation for nervous tissues with potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Three-dimensional architecture of the golgi apparatus in Sertoli cells of the rat.
PubMed:Production of gentamicins by Micromonospora purpurea.
PubMed:Amperometric method for quantitative determination of proteins.
PubMed:An ultrastructural method for the use of polyvinylpyrrolidone and dextrans as electron opaque tracers.
PubMed:[Effects of nucleophils on kinetic parameters of peroxidase-catalyzed oxidative reactions].
PubMed:Cytochemical duality of neurosecretory material in the hypothalamo-posthypophysial system of the rat as related to hormonal content.
PubMed:Ion binding to lysine-modified derivatives of cytochrome c.
PubMed:Oxidation-reduction properties of Chromatium vinosum high potential iron-sulfur protein.
PubMed:Colloidal alpha-stannic acid and negative iron colloid as differential electron stains for surface proteins.
PubMed:Electron transport by C-type cytochromes. I. The reaction of horse heart cytochrome c with anionic reductants.
PubMed:An improved method for perfusion fixation of neural tissues for electron microscopy.
PubMed:Proceedings: Influence of pressure on the reduction of horse heart ferricytochrome c with potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Acute renal failure following potassium ferrocyanide poisoning treated with peritoneal dialysis.
PubMed:[Various aspects of neurosecretory fibers revealed in the posterior pituitary gland by the technic of postfixation combining osmium and potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:The permeability of the small intestinal mucosa: a study using iron.
PubMed:[Determination of the concentration of potassium ferrocyanide in the labyrinthine fluid after subperiosteal transmeatal administration (postmortem studies)].
PubMed:[Determination of the glucoamylase activity of enzyme preparations by the glucose oxidase method using o-dianizidine and potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:Formation of ferrocyanides-III Fe(III), La(III) and Ce(III).
PubMed:The suitability of ferric potassium ferrocyanide as a perfusate in cholinesterase histochemistry: ultrastructural and biochemical observations.
PubMed:Perfusion of ferric potassium ferrocyanide as an aid to the localization of histochemical reactions.
PubMed:Automated determination of glucose using glucose oxidase and potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Automated determination of glucose using glucose oxidase and potassium ferrocyanide. SAM-TR-68-4.
PubMed:Substitution of redox chemicals for radiation in phytochrome-mediated photomorphogenesis.
PubMed:HALE STAIN FOR SIALIC ACID-CONTAINING MUCINS. ADAPTATION TO ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
PubMed:[Potassium ferrocyanide & the kidney].
PubMed:[Toxicity of wines treated with potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:[Course of reaction of oxidation of isonicotinic acid hydrazide with potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:[Effect of potassium ferrocyanide on Datura stramonium L. leaves and on alkaloids and other compounds].
PubMed:[Renal glycosuria in humans and rabbits after poisoning by potassium ferrocyanide and other FeIII compounds].
PubMed:[Massive renal glycosuria after ingestion of potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:[Effect of potassium ferrocyanide on secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach].
PubMed:Effect of topically applied zinc chloride and potassium ferrocyanide on dental caries experience.
PubMed:[Potassium ferrocyanide-acetic acid turbescence as the basis of protein determination independent of the degree of dispersion].
PubMed:[Determination of total cerebrospinal fluid protein by photoelectric turbidimetry using sulfosalicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid, and potassium ferrocyanide with acetic acid].
PubMed:The effect of zinc chloride and potassium ferrocyanide as a caries prophylaxis.
PubMed:A clinical study of caries prophylaxis with zinc chloride and potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Effect of zinc chloride and potassium ferrocyanide on proteolysis.
PubMed:[Evaluation of the biological activity of insulin from its reducing power toward potassium ferrocyanide].
PubMed:Photochemical after-effect in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by potassium ferrocyanide.
PubMed:Photochemical after-effect in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by potassium ferrocyanide.
 
Notes:
Acidity regulator Potassium ferrocyanide, also known as yellow prussiate of potash or potassium hexacyanoferrate(II), is a coordination compound of formula K4[Fe(CN)6]?3H2O, which forms lemon-yellow monoclinic crystals at room temperature, and which decomposes at its boiling point.; The reaction forms a stable compound that is neither combustible nor pyrophoric. This compound is a strong reducing agent and is thus incompatible with oxidizing agents. Addition of metal chlorates, perchlorates, nitrates, or nitrites to a solution of carefully prepared and otherwise stable potassium ferrocyanide may result in a large explosion.
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